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(Ti^ 11^^ c^.^ ^Pi^fwtr^ 


liiOl!. , 1^=8«, 



EMINENT \ IK'. 1 NI A Ns. 

KX'*ciit '^'•'S of tlif ('olouN' «*:' \' r;^tni;i iioii: Si j- Tl;. >ip,,,s 
*^;i)>'th to I.ord i)innn')if. F-lxrc;; l i \'.s (^; i !;<• Si :ii r « .f \' : r 
i.-iiii;i l!'«Mii P;Urick Henry tf ^ Kit zMuliIj iA'\ ^:• 'tcJ,. •; oi 
<rriis. .'• nibi'o>^<* Powell Hill. i;<^I»»'M K. L<'» , 1')i.>- 

By DR. M A Bri()( K, 

S* I I'fiil I'lj *>/" ///' ! li'iimn H tni It' i .'^x'lr'fi;. 


'OPi Set r I'^ineiit ol" Jitniestowii to <'i'»s«' <>l tlu' C]\'il War 

Writuii l>y PROF. VIR(;IL A PEWIS. 

l:,v vm] hy PK. K. A. \Min( K 



II. 11. IIARDKSTV, } ublislior, 


1 b H h; . 





1606. 1888. 




Executives of the Colony of Virginia fi'oni Sir Thomas 
Smyth to Lord Dunniore. Executiva^s of tlie State of Vir- 
ginia from Patrick Henry to Fitzliugh Lee. Sketches of 
Gens. Ambrose Powell Hill, Robert E. Lee, Thos. 
Jonathan Jackson, Commodore Maury. 


Seci'ftary of the Virginia Historical Society. 


From Settlement of Jamestown to Close of the Civil War. 

Writteu by PROF. VIRGIL A. LEWIS. \ "^ 

ReviseJ by DR. R. A. BROCK. ; '") 5 



H. n. HARDESTY, Publisher, 




r r 


Copyright. 1889. 
By H. H. Hardestv. 


Contents of Volume 11. 


History of Virginia 415 t<o 498 

Virginia in the Confederate States Navy 415 to 448 

Vir^nia in the Battles of the War between the States 449 to 498 

Eminent Virginians 499 to 813 

Sig:ners of the Declaration of Independence 499 to 518 

Presidents of the United States 518 to 546 

Gov. Fitzhngh T^ 546 to 549 

R. A. Brock 549 to 551 

Major Wm. T. Sutherlin, with portrait 551 to 553 

Gen. V. D. Groner, with portrait 553 to 555 

Hon. Alex. Donnan, with portrait 555 to 556 

Residents of Campbell County 556 to 595 

Residents of Pittsylvania County 595 to 619 

Residents of Halifax County 619 to 625 

Residents of Prince Edward County 626 to 631 

Residents of Nottoway County 631 to 634 

Residents of Dinwiddle County 634 to 659 

(^ Residents of Nansemond County 659 to 663 

Residents of Norfolk County 663 to 686 

^ Residents of Elizabeth City County 686 to 689 

(^ Residents of Warwick County 690 to 693 

' Residents of James City County 694 to 702 

rt Residents of Washington County 702 to 764 

^ ^ Residents of CMty of Richmond 765 to 813 


Portrait of Gen. Robert E. Lee , Frontispiece 

Portrait of R. A. Brock Back of Index 

The Vir^nia Ramming the Cumberland 429 

Portrait of Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury 443 

Monument to Confederate Dead, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond 453 

Falling Springs, West Virginia 459 

Old Colonial Stove used in first Virginia House of Burgesses 465 

Locoa Falls 471 

Portrait of Chief Justice John Marshall 477 

Scene on St. John's River 483 

Crawford's Statue of Washington 489 

Portraits of George Wythe, Benj. Harrison, Thos. Jefferson 501 

The Houdan Statue of Washington 505 

Portraits of Thos. Nelson, jr., Richard Henry Lee, Francis Lightfoot 

I^ee 509 

Portrait of Carter Braxton 515 

Portrait of George Washington 519 

Portrait of Thos. Jefferson 525 

Portrait of James Madison 529 

Portrait of James Monroe 533 

Portrait of W. H. Harrison 537 

Portrait of John Tyler 541 

Portrait of Zachary Taylor 545 


vii>r;]\i\ IN THK ('uNn:i)i:ir\'n': sr\ri:s nwy 

'A ;.tM. 1 "r»'si(l«>ni I)avis forsn^'i his ( .iImii t. ho caJftMl t(j t hr \;iv \ ^ 
l>.rf ( \'Mit . ;w .s«'<'r*^t.irv. I ho lion. St«'ph»Mi M;«II()!\. of {''lorwlM. »: * 
^!.t M.ry. l»(ini on IIm* islainl of Triiiiiiail. l^i • ';«'! Jt (\ i. .-f .'. . 
I l(»»-i= M. NovimhImt 1), iST.'i. was M(iNiil1<:l to th»« l>ar iu Moj-i^ia . 
Is;;.' ."--v t (1 j?\ rhr war aiiaiiist ! !n' S*ininol» ^ • \\a,, -^ )'!»• \ > ars i:'^,»»-< 
t'>r ' »i u.-^'orMs aihi rollfM-tor of rnstoiMS at K"\' S\ est ; i<'pi«'^tMii.<i 
i ;< '. [\i t !»•• I'iiit»'»i Stales S»'Tiat,« forth*' t^-ii x-ars jm"« •"'hiiu ' ^^• 
^»'(»-.- M Ml of tlint sfat«», and was cliairraaii of the srii.itr r. ►mmit t • " nn 
II*. tl affai?'M most of thr liiiM'; s»'rv(>l as srcrrtar-v ^f ttu' t (Hi? ■,' r 
iiT. .>i; i»\s Niivy until that ^oviM-nmcut (•••.». r i to (*\i.s* : ..-;S arrest.. i 
:.' 1. ! ( fran<x«'. l^'or;ria (vvh<'i. his faniil\ was 1h<'n n'SMiicL:), Mav 'i^K 
\^')'.; «'oniiu«'<l al Fort Lai;i><'tti' until n^lrasrd o,, '»,m-; !■ in Mai- h, 
i^<)-»; n turned to Floriila '■l\ Jnlw is^iil, rtU'l jc-artirrl ia .v jn I^ca^a- 
(■< 'Ir« a'. til his h'atJi. 

1 »M)a t 'o.sM to wh' '''^ w ;.,- confi; I'd f hr < ( Mi(hi't .^f ( '< ;nf(M!»'i*:»tr i!.* val 
, •' , •- «l<'\'olv("l tii-st t h«' task of cnatip;!- a na\y .or a srriion of rouu- 
' \ 'N ' : -at ships, or sraincn, unsuj)ph<Ml wiih ii-oa oi wiih sk; : •> 
*' •"• M * o fasini M) it ; l)a vin;i" iio iniMs o>*shoj)s ca nal>l»' of t urnin;^ ont 
^ i. ■ v.(v:.. Th«' T^♦^'i•';ra^ ironuoiks, at Kn-hniond, Niruinia. was t ft** 
' 'I »'^' •: as .lai'iit south, of th<* r*>tonia<' wh'M'e a 1.- ^r ii\ii\ (••.ii!(| \>n 
,i>^ ill":'' was not in i a«' son! hfi-n roant ry a mil) tli at ronhi « as! i 
^ '« • • a I. I • He half iuih plate. Tae ' ^ af«Mlr?a(\ had no na \ d aT'^^ert.t I no 
TIM val St oi'f's, no nat lira! r<^sour«os a\ aihi i)I<' to! t 'i. >,<..., (ion ot .• ?•. 
>" ♦!•" .' oods n«H'd»Ml for HUch [)nrposi* th'M'* was. i^d- 'd. a honntifnl 
reapply in th»* jMUf Ik'!is and liv«^-oak •• ' jx «\-s frojn th-ofu'i.i to tln' iiah; 
(»':r th»' s,!pply oi \',«-(»<l \' as of no ns<' wi'noiit fa«ihii»'s f;a- ronstiMh- 
ti(»Ti, and those wore larkiuir. 

i tl'. i"'OT)!r of tile sout h wf'H* an a^Tieiiii ;'i ;d p"op!'>. 'i:,! not mami- 
•'xfnrers, aor d(»voto<"l to c-ommoreial pnT's^),^^. i iivate >hii)vard- 
A'Te few. an<i iii no vaiae m tiie fMn»'rij.-eae\ Ttieoplx- pahiie dockyards 
w>t}iji| ( (nilV'deratv limits were at Xoi-foik, Vii L-inia, a?al Fensapok . 
I'Naida. Tho hittor ua^ nover of ti?st-elass ['ositioti, boiiiir nse 1 for 
pta']M)s»\M of -;ijt'lt4»r and rrpairs. Oidy one vessel had evor heoiM-om- 
plefolv eunstiTJctod at th«.' Fonsat:ola vard.tho tliird-rlass screw sioanuT 



4 . 




When President Davis formed his Cabinet, he called to the Navy de- 
partment, as secretary, the Hon. Stephen Mallory, of Florida. Mr. 
MaJlory, bom on the island of Trinidad, 1813, died at Pensacola, 
Florida, November 9, 1878, was admitted to the bar in Florida in 
1839 ; served in the war against the Seminoles ; was some years inspec- 
tor of customs and collector of customs at Key West; represented 
Florida in the United States Senate for the ten years preceding the 
secession of that state, and was chairman of the senate committee on 
naval affairs most of the time ; served as secretary of the Confeder- 
ate States Navy until that government ceased to exist ; was arrested 
at La Grange, Georgia (where his family was then residing), May 20, 
1865; confined at Fort Lafayette until released on parole in March, 
1866; returned to Florida in July, 1866, and practiced law in Pensti- 
cola until his death. 

Upon those to whom was confided the conduct of Confederate naval 
affairs devolved first the task of creating a navy for a section of coun- 
try without ships or seamen, unsupplied with iron or with skilled 
workmen to fashion it; having no mills or shops capable of turning out 
such work. The Tredegar Ironworks, at Richmond, Virginia, was the 
only establishment south of the Potomac where a large gun could be 
cast. There was not in the southern country a mill that could aist a 
two and one-half inch plate. The Confederacy had no naval arsenal, no 
naval stores, no natural resources available for the creation of a navy. 
Of the woods needed for such purpose there was, indeed, a bountiful 
supply in the pine belts and live-oak groves from Georgia to the Gulf; 
but the supply of wood was of no use without facilities for construc- 
tion, and these were lacking. 

The people of the south were an agricultural people, and not manu- 
facturers, nor devot/ed to commercial pursuits. Private shipyards 
were few, and of no value in the emergency. The only public dockyards 
within Confederate limits were at Norfolk, Virginia, and Pensacola, 
Florida. The latter was never of first-class position, being used for 
purposes of shelter and repairs. Only one vessel had evei* been com- 
pletely constructed at the Pensacola yard, the third-class screw steamer 


Seminole, 'the hull of the Pensacola, a second-class screw steamer, was 
built there, but the steamer was completed at the Washington yards. 


The yard at Norfolk was, on the contrary, one of the oldest and per- 
haps the most valuable and important naval establishment the United 
States Government possessed. It had a magnificent granite dry dock, 
foundry and machine shops ; two complete shiphouses and one unfin- 
ished ; oflicers* houses and naval barracks ; tools and machinery of aU 
kinds; material, ammunition and provisions of every description. 
From its stock had been launched two sloops-of-the-line, one frigate, 
four sloops-of-war, one brig, four screw steamers, and one side-wheel 
steamer. A vast amount of rebuilding and refitting was done there 
every year. 

On the night of April 20, 1861, this stronghold was laid waste and 
abandoned by the United States troops stationed there, eight hundred 
marines and seamen with oflicers, under command of Commodore C. S. 
McCauley. Shiphouses, storehouses and offices were fired, guns in the 
parks were spiked, machinery broken up. The sloop-of-war Cumber- 
land, flagship of the Home squadron. United States navy, was lying off 
in the Elizabeth river. To this were carried such stores as could be 
transferred, and the remainder destroyed. Ships at the docks were set 
on fire and scuttled; the most of them burned. The ships were: Line- 
of-battle ships Pennsylvania and Delaware, the first in commission as a 
receiving ship, the second carrying seventy -four guns; line-of-battle 
ship Columbus, eighty guns; frigates Raritan and Columbia, fifty guns 
each; sailing sloops Plymouth and German town, twenty-two guns each; 
brig Dolphin, four guns, and the steam frigate Merrimac, which alone 
was valued at f 1,200,000. The line-of-battle ship New York was in 
shiphouse A, and was also burned. The old frigate United States escaped 
destruction, and soon after the evacuation was taken down the river 
and sunk at its mouth by Virginia troops. 

The Pawnee, United States navy, had left Washington the day pre- 
vious, under command of Conmiodore Hiram Paulding, whose orders 
were to bring off the vessels lying at the Norfolk yard. He was two 
hours too late. The work of destruction had begim, and the Pawnee 
was put to use to tow the Cumberland down the river with the depart- 
ing Federal troops on board. The loss to the Federal Government in 
the destruction was incalculable. The direct value of the property de- 
stroyed was estimated by the Unites States Naval Department as $9,- 
760,181; but a greater loss to that government resulted from allowing 
such valuable and much needed stores to fall indirectly into the hands 
of those upon whom it was about to wage war. 


Immediately on the departure of the Federal forces the citizens of Nor- 
folk and the two military companies then in the city broke into the 
yard and <levot4»d themselves to saving the property, heedless of per- 
sonal risk from flying firebrands and igniting powder. The dry dock 
was saved, although twenty-six barrels of powder had been distributed 
in the culvert north of the dock, and a train laid to a Ughtetl fuse. 
Two thousand guns were found practically uninjured, a large portion 
of them the new Dahlgren guns of various caliber. Small arms, ma- 
chinery, steel plates, castings, construction materials, ordnance and 
e<]uipment stores, were saved from the flames. Later the spiked can- 
non were restored to use. The fire on the Merrimac was quenched 
when she had burned to the water line, her hull and boilers, and the 
heavy and costly part of her engine, but little injured. Restored to 
service at a later date, she took her place in the history of the war as 
the famous ironclad ram Virginia. The hull of the Germantown, 
with her battery of ten large guns, was raised in June following. The 
Plymouth was also found worthy of repairs, and put to service. 

All this the devotion of Virginians saved to the Confederacy. On 
Monday morning, April 22d, the flag of Virginia, raised by Lieutenant 
('. F. M. Spotswood, formerly of the United States navy, floated over 
the yard. 


Ordinance No. 9, passed by the Virginia State Convention on the same 
day that convention passed the Ordinance of Secession, April 17, 
1861, empowered the Governor of Virginia to call for volunteers for 
state defense, and to "invite all efficient and worthy Virginians and res- 
idents of Virginia in the army and navy of the United States to retire 
therefrom, and to enter the service of Virginia," where they would* be 
given "the same rank as that held in the United States service or its 
ec^uivalent." April 22d, Robert E. \j^, late colonel United States 
army, wtis appointed commander-in-chief of the army and navy of 
Virginia. April 27th, an ordinance was passed creating the navy of 
Virginia, to consist of two thousand marines and seamen with their 
proper officers. The constitution of the Confederate States was rati- 
fiefl and proclaimed binding upon the people of Virginia by Ordinance 
No. 56, when all military and naval affairs in the state were transferred 
to the control of that government. 


One of the first official acts of General Lee as commander of the Vir- 
ginia forces was to provide for the construction of batteries to guard 
Virginia waters against the passage of hostile vessels. In May, 1861, 
a battery was erected at Acquia creek, on the Potomac, under super- 


vision of Confederate States naval oJQBicers, Captain William C. Lynch, 
Commander Robert D. Thorbum, and Lieutenants H. H. Lewis and 
John Wilkinson. This protected, the terminus of the railroad to Rich- 
mond, guarded the approaches to Fredericksburg from the Potomac, 
and at the same time menaced Federal navigation of that river. En- 
listments for the navy not having fairly begun, the battery was 
manned by infantry volunteers, Captain Lynch in command. 

The Federal authorities sent the newly organized Potomac flotilla to 
destroy the battery, three ships. Commander James H. Ward: the 
Freeborn, three guns, the Resolute, two guns, the Anascostia, two guns. 
On May 31st and June Ist, these ships shelled the battery without ef- 
fect. Captain Lynch, in his official report, dated June 2, 1861, says: 
"On Friday two out of three steamers abreast of the battery opened 
fire on us, and continued the cannonade for three hours, when they 
withdrew. ♦ ♦ ♦ Upon our part no one was injured. Yestefday the 
steamers, which had laid off during the night, were reinforced by the 
Pawnee, and at 11:30 they commenced a brisk cannonade, which con- 
tinued with little interruption until about 4:30 p. m., during which the 
Pawnee fired 392 bhot and shell, and the other steamers 207, the 
greater portion of the latter being rifled shell." The firing from the 
battery damaged the Freeborn so much she wa« obliged to put back to 
Washingtorn for repairs. The only «a«ualty on the Confederate side 
was one man wounded in hand, losing a finger. 

A battery of ten heavy guns was recommended for Mathias Point, 
that bluff headland commanding the waters of the Potomac for more 
than a mile. Before work wa« begun, June 26th, Commander Ward 
detailed a party from the Resolute, which he accompanied, to seize 
and. hold the Point, and erect a Federal battery. The detail landed, 
but were met by Virginia troops under Colonel R. M. Mayo, and driven 
back to the boats with heavy loss. Commander Ward among the killed. 
The Virginia troops held the Point, and a heavy battery was erecte<l 
there. In September and October four heavy batteries, mounting in 
all twenty guns, were constructed at Evansport, near the mouth of 
Quantico creek. These swept the Potomac, which was but a mile and a 
half wide at this point, and with channel near the Virginia shore. 

The batteries at Acquia creek, Mathias Point and Evansport were 
practically a blockade of the Potomac waters, and the blockade wa« 
maintained through the entire winter following. This was not only a 
serious inconvenience to the Federal authorities at Washington ^and to 
the residents of that city, but also had its effect at the North. The 
New York TiibunOj of March 1, 1862, said: ** There has been no safe 
communication by water between this city and the capital of this 
nation during all this time— -a period of six months. This is one of the 


most humiliating of all the national disgraces to which we have been 
compelled to submit. It has been most damaging to us in the eyes of 
the world," etc. 

Shortly after these batteries were unmasked, a small steamer, the 
George Page, which had been captured by the Confederates, was armed 
and renamed the City of Richmond. The Federal authorities, appre- 
hending an invasion of Maryland from the vicinity of Acquia creek, 
sent a division from the Army of the Potomac to the Maryland shore 
of the Potomac. These troops camped a mile or so back from the 
river, from Port Tobacco, opposite Acquia creek, to within about 
twenty miles of Washington. During the winter of 1861-2 the saucy 
little City of Richmond made several dashes across the river, shelling 
these camps, keeping up the fears of a Confederate landing in Maryland, 
aiding also in checking navigation of the river. This boat was burned 
by Confederate orders in March, 1862, in Quantico creek, when the 
troops and guns were removed from the batteries of the lower Potomac 
to Fredericksburg. 

Other fortifications erected in the summer of 1861 and winter of 
1861-2 were: batteries at Harper's Ferry, covering Bolivar, and ap- 
proaches by the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers; batteries atLowery's 
and Accoheek Points (Fort Lowery), Gray's Point, Cherry Point, guard- 
ing the Rappahannock river ; batteries at Gloucester Point, West Point 
and Yorktown, guarding the York river. These, and other batteries 
constructed to guard the Potomac, York and Rappahannock rivers, 
were manned mainly by infantry troops and commanded by naval 
oflRcers. In the spring of 1862 the Confederate base was changed from 
the Potomac to the Rappahannock ; from York river to the Chickahom- 
iny. The troops and guns were transferred, and batteries along the 
Potomac and York abandoned. 


The St. Nicholas, of Baltimore, was a sidewheel steamer of about 
twelve hundred tons, plying regularly between Baltimore and George- 
to\ni, D. C, and carrying supplies to the Pawnee, of the Potomac flotilla. 
Its capture for Confederate service was planned and executed by 
Richard Thomas, of St. Mary's County, Maryland, a young gentleman 
in sympathy, as were so many residents of that state, with the cause of 
the South. The capture was thus effected: Mr. Thomas, in female attire, 
and personating a French lady, took passage on the St. Nicholas on 
Friday, June 28, 1861. Of medium height and light weight, and 
speaking French with a good accent, he was able to carry his disguise 
without awakening any suspicion. At different landings of the boat, 
the few whom he had trusted with his plans, and who were to assist 


him, came on board as passengers. Among these was Captain Geo. N. 
Hollins, who had resigned from the United States navy, and was to 
fommand the St. Nicholas if her capture was made. When the steamer 
had left Point Lookout landing a mile or so behind, and was headed 
for Georgetown, Mr. Thomas threw off his disguise, appearing armed, 
nnd in Zouave costume. Surrounded by about twenty-five "pas- 
sengers," who also were .transformed into armed Zouaves, he demanded 
the surrender of the boat. Its officers, the crew being unarmed, ac- 
cepted the situation, and Mr. Thomas took possession of the steamer. 
The alarm of the genuine passengers wa« quieted with the assurance 
that they should he treat-ed with every courtesy and landed at the 
earliest moment possible; the officers and crew were confined in the 
hold, the lights were extinguished, and the steamer headed for the 
Virginia shore. 

At 3:30 the next morning she stopped at the wharf at mouth of Cone 
river, where she tcjok on board some Confeilerate States naval officers, 
part of the First Tennessee Infantry, and sailors from Yorktown, wait- 
ing there by previous arrangement. Captain Hollins then took com- 
nmnd of the boat. The intention was to l>ear down from that point 
on the Pawnee, and with these reinforcements take possession of that 
!)oat with or without a fight, as might he. This capture was feasible, 
as the St. Nicholas was allowed to come alongside the Pawnee with 
supplies unchallenged every trip. But a delay at Cone river for the 
arrival of the infantry gave time for the Pawnee to receive notice of the 
capture of the St. Nicholas, and the plan of surprise and capture was 
frustrated, the Pawnee retreating toward Washington. 

On June 29th, Captain Hollins, with the St. Nicholas, captured three 
vessels : the brig Monticello, from Brazil to Baltimore, cargo 3,500 
bags of coffee; the schooner Mary Pierce, Boston to Washington with 
200 tons of ice on board ; schooner Margaret, Alexandria to Staten 
Island, with cargo of 270 tons of coal. On the Monticello was also 
found important mail and dispatches revealing the plans of the United 
States squadron off Brazil, which was promptly forwarded to Rich- 
mond. Lieutenant Simms, Confederate States navy, took the Monti- 
cello up the Rappahannock river, where she was unloaded, after which 
her former crew were permitted to take her ba^k to her owners in 
Baltimore. Lieutenant R. D. Minor, Virginia navy, took the Mary 
Pierce to Fredericksburg, where her cargo of ice sold for eight thousand 
dollars. Lieutenant Robert D. Thorburn, Virginia navy, took tem- 
porary command of the Margaret. The St. Nicholas and the two 
schooners were a valuable addition to the Confederate naval force, the 
captured cargoes were highly appreciated, and, altogether, the service 
rendered in the two days by Mr. Thomas and Captain Hollins, with 


their assistants, was not only brilliant and inspiriting, but of great 
value. The St. Nicholas remained in Confederate service until burned 
with many other vessels at Fredericksburg, when that city was evacu- 
ated. Captain Hollins was transferred, July 10, 1861, to command of 
the naval defenses of the James river. 

On July 1, 1861, Governor Letcher, in recognition of Mr. Thomas' 
services, issued a commission a« colonel of Virginia volunteers to him, 
under the name of Richard Thomas Zarnova, and enlistments were begun 
for a regiment of Zouaves to be commanded by him. Colonel Thomas- 
Zarnova, elated by his success and the resultant praise, conceived the 
idea of repeating the exploit. He returned to Baltimore and took pas- 
sage, July 7th, on the Mary Washington, with friends who were to assist 
him in her capture. He was recognized and made prisoner on the boat, 
near Annapolis, and confined at Fort McHenry, where he was treated 
with great rigor, and made several unsuccessful attempts to escape. On 
December 3, 1861, he was transferred to Fort Lafayette, and held pris- 
oner in close confinement there until released by exchange in April, 1863. 
It wa« the first intention of the Federal Government to refus^ him rec- 
ognition as a prisoner of war. General Dix having officially recommended 
that he be treated as " a traitor and a spy." Only the vigorous protest 
of Governor Letcher and of the Virginia legislature against such 
trefitment of one holding commission as a Virginia officer, accompanied 
by threat of retaliation, saved him from this fate. He returned to Rich- 
mond after his release, but took no further active part in the war, hav- 
ing suffered in mind and body from his long and close confinement. 


On April 18, 1861, Governor Letcher appointed Major-General Will- 
iam B. Taliaferro, of the state militia, to the command *'of the stat/e 
troops which are now or may be assembled at the city of Norfolk." 
Robert B. Pegram and Catesby apR. Jones were appointed captains in 
the navy and ordered to Norfolk, Captain Pegram to ** assume com- 
mand of the naval station, with authority to organize naval defenses, 
enroll and enlist seamen and marines, and temporarily appoint war- 
rant officers, and to do and perform whatever may be necessary to pre- 
serve and protect the property of the commonwealth and of the citi- 
zens of Virginia." The land and naval forces were instructed to co- 
operate. These three repaired to Norfolk on the same day. General 
Taliaferro accompained by Major Nat. Tyler and Captain Henry Heth, 
of his staff. 

The only troops then, or until after the evacuation, in Norfolk, were 
two companies, the "Norfolk Blues'^ and the "Portsmouth Grays." 
On Saturday evening, the 20th, after the Federal troops had aban- 


doned the navy yard, some four hundred state volunteers arrived from 
Petersburg; the next day the ** Richmond Grays" reported to General 
Taliaferro, and on Monday three companies from Georgia. 

After the evacuation Commodore French Forrest took command of 
the navy yard, and General Walter Gwynn succeeded General Taliaferro 
in command of the land forces. Preparations for coast defense were 
at once begun, naval officers superintending the construction of batter- 
ies, all available state force detailed to the work. The necessity for 
this wa« obvious. The estuary of Hampton Roads, receiving the wa- 
ters of the James, Nansemond and Elizabeth rivers, and their out- 
let to Chesapeake bay, was prote<*ted by the guns of Fortress Mon- 
roe. Its safe and commodious harbor was sure to become a rendez- 
vous for Federal vessels, and vessels commanding Hampton Roads 
waters would not only blockade Virginia ports, but could at any time, 
if unopposed, descend upon her coast, ajscend her rivers, and lay wast*? 
or invest her coast and river cities. Upon the James was Richmond, 
the capital of the state, soon to be the (confederate States capital. 
Upon opposite banks of the Elizabeth were Portsmouth and Norfolk, 
and, just above Portsmouth, nearly opposite Norfolk, the navy yard. 
Up the Nansemond was Suffolk, the point where the Norfolk & Peters- 
burg railroad crossed the nver, which, if seized by Federal troops, 
would isolate Norfolk and enable the Federals to regain the navy yard 
they had just abandoned. 

'The work of fortifying was pushed with all possible expedition and 
with all available means. Before the winter of l8()l-2 was over a line 
of river batteries and fort« for coast defense was established. Along the 
Elizabeth, from the gims mounted at Fort Norfolk and a battery 
between the fort and the wharf, were batteries at Lambert's Point, Tan- 
ner's Creek, and extending to Sewoll Point on one bank of the river; on 
the other, batteries at the Naval Hospital, at Penner's Point, and 
twenty guns on Craney island, off Wise's Point. Bushy Point and Sol- 
ler's Point had batteries also. Near the mouth of the Nansemond were 
batteries at Town Point and Pig Point on one side, at Cedar Point and 
Barrel Point on the other; also at Pagan Creek. James river wn« de- 
fended by batteries at Jamestown, Jamestown Island, Mulberry Point, 
Harden Bluff. Fort Powhatan guarded the ascent of the Appomattox 
river. The Federals, in addition to the com man ding defense of Fortress 
Monroe, had Fort Wool at the Rip Raps and powerful land batteries at 
Newport. News. 

On May 1, 1861, Captain Pendergrast, commanding the Home 
squadron. United States navy, reported to the Federal authorities 
that he had sufficient naval force off Fortress Monroe to blockade 
Virginia ports, and from that date open communication between 


Virginia and Northern States ceased. May 24th, Brigadier-General 
Benjamin Huger sueeeeded General Gwynn in command of infantry 
troops in and around Norfolk. May 2l8t, Colonel J. B. Magruder, of 
the Provisional Army of Virginia, was placed in command of military 
operations and forces on the peninsula, with instructions to provide 
for the safety of Yorktown and Jamestown. 

July 10th, the defenses of the James river were assigned to Captain 
George N. Hollins, Confederate States navy. At the close of 1861 the 
principal forts and batteries in charge of naval officers were commanded 
as follows: Sewell's Point, Commander W.L.Maury; Fort. Nelson, Com- 
mander Charles F. Mcintosh; Fort Norfolk, Commander R. F. Pinkney ; 
Penner's Point, Lieutenant George W. Harrison ; Pig Point, Lieutenant 
R. R. Carter. Batteries at Cedar Point, Barrel Point and Pagan Creek 
were in charge of (•ommander R. L. Page until he was sent to Gloucester 
Point. Lambert's Point battery was commanded by Lieutenant J. S. 
Taylor, Confederate States army. 

The first vessels available for Confederate service in these waters were 
gathered in the James river: The Yorktown (formerly the Patrick 
Henry of the New York and Old Dominion steamship line); the James- 
town (of the same line), renamed the Thomas Jefferson, but persistently 
called the Jamestown; the Teaser, a river tug. These, in the winter of 
1861—2, were under command of Captain John R.Tucker, and stationed 
off Mulberry Island, where the battery at Harden's Point closed James 
river to the enemy. The Jamestown carried two guns, the Teaser one, 
the Yorktown (or Patrick Henry) six. The latter was fitted for naval 
service by her executive officer. Lieutenant William Llewellyn Powell, 
who had her cabins taken off, her deck strengthenecl, and one-inch iron 
plate (all she could bear) put abreast her boiler and engines, extending 
a few feet beyond each way and below the water line. This boat ran 
out toward Newport News and skirmished with the enemy's vessels on 
September 13th, an<l again on Deceml^er 2d. 


The steam frigate Merrimac was built at the Charlestown (Mass.) 
navy yard in 1855, of thirty-five hundred tons burden, and to carry 
forty guns. Her last service in the United States navy was in the 
Pacific squadron. As already recorded, she was lying at the Norfolk 
yard when it was abandoned by the Federal troops, and was scuttled 
and set on fire. After burning to the water's edge she sank with guns, 
boilers and engine practically uninjured. Six days later her guns were 
raised by Virginia naval officers, and sent to Sewell's Point and other 
defenses of Norfolk. On May 30th the frigate was raised and pulled 
into the drv dock. • 


Early in June, 1861, Lieutenant John M. Brooke, Confederate States 
navy, a former officer of the United States navy who had resigned 
to enter theVirginia naval service, submitted to Secretary Mallory a plan 
for protecting ships with iron cladding, and suggested the remodeling 
oftheMerriraacin accordance with the plan. Upon request of Secretary 
Mallory, John L. Porter, naval constructor at Norfolk, submitted a 
model for an iron<'lad, and Secretary Mallory instruct/ed Lieutenant 
Brooke and Mr. Porter to investigate the condition of the Merrimac, 
with William P. Williamson, chief engineer, Confederate States navy, 
and to '* report the best method of making her useful." 

These officers after careful investigation reported : ** In obedience to 
your orders, we have carefully examined and considered the va- 
rious plans and propositions for constructing a shot-proof steam 
battery, and respectfully report that, in our opinion, the steam frigate 
Merrimac, which is in such condition from the fire as to lie useless for 
any other purpose without heavy expense in rebuilding, et4\, can be 
made an efficient vessel of that character, mounting * * heavy guns, 
and from the further consideration that we cannot procure a suitable 
engine and boilers for any other vessel without building them, which 
would occupy too much time. ♦ ♦ ♦ The bottom of the hull, boilers, 
and heavy and costly parts of the engine, being but little injureil, reduce 
the cost of construction to about one-third of the amount which would 
be required to construct such a vessel anew." The report, was accepted, 
the plan adopted, Mr. Porter was put in charge of repairs and construc- 
tion on the vessel, Mr. Williamson in charge of the engineer's depart- 
ment, and to Lieutenant Brooke was assigntn^l the duties of superin- 
tending the manufai^ture of the iron plates at the Tredegar works, and 
the preparation of the ship's ordnance. 

To whom should be given the honor of devising the plan on which the 
Virginia was constructed— that novel combination of iron-shea thefl, 
bomb-proof battery and battering ram, destined, w'ith the still more 
startlingly novel Monitor, to revolutionize the naval warfare of the 
world ? 

It is accorded to Lieutenant Brooke in Secretary Mallory 's report, by 
President Davis in his ** Rise and Fall of the Confederate Govenmient," 
by Pollard in his "Lost Cause," by John Taylor Wood, who was a 
lieutenant on the Virginia, and contributed the re<'ord of her services to 
to the Century war papers. Yet Mr. Porter claimed the honor, and that 
"great injustice" had been done himself and Engineer Williamson in 
Secretary Mallory 's report. Scharf, in his history of "The Confederate 
States Navy," sides with Mr. Porter. It is certain the model submitted 
by Mr. Porter, and by which Secretary Mallory's official orders show 
the Merrimac was rebuilt into the Virginia, was <listinctively the con- 


ception of Mr. Porter, worked out by him before he ever heard of Lieu- 
tenant Brooke*8 pUms or saw his drawings. It is equally certain that 
Lieutenant Brooke's plans and drawings were made with no knowledge 
of Mr. Porter's model, that his drawings and the model offered practi- 
cally the same results, and that it was by his plans the secretary's at- 
tention was first called to this innovation on accepted methods of con- 
struction. It is a singular coincidence, worthy of note in this connec- 
tion, that before the Virginia was constructed the iron-cladding of 
boats was put to jiractical test, and by neither Lieutenant Brooke nor 
Mr. Porter. Lieutenant Powell had originated the theory also, and 
put it in operation on the little Yorktown. 

However the honor of the plans of the Virginia should be awarded, 
the three officers to whom her construction was entrusted are entitled 
to great praise for the energy with which they performed their work 
under discouraging circumstances. Not the least of these was the con- 
flict of views and of authority l)etween the constructor at Norfolk and 
the Bureau of Construction at Richmond; a conflict that ultimately 
resulteil in those imperfections of the Virginia which so gi'eatly detracted 
from her servi(*eableness. In addition to this unne(»e8sary drawback, 
were others against which no provision could have l)een made. Ex- 
perienced workmen were few, and in many instances these had to make 
their tools before they could use them. There were no patterns to fol- 
low in constructing the boat, no guide for the workmen except the 
drawings and calculations. Errors were made, and work had to be 
done over again. At the Tredegar works was the same paucity of 
workmen. These works, turned from common iron workshops into x\ 
manufactory of every kiiid of nmnitionof war for the en tii-e Confederacy, 
were taxed to their utmost capacity. The work on the Virginia went 
on but slowly, though even " blacksmiths, fini8hei*s and strikers per- 
formed extra work gratuitously, in order to expedite the comple- 
tion," as Flag-Otticer Forrest reported on January 11, 1HG2. Begimin 
June, 1861, the Virginia was not ready for service until the close of 
February, 18(52. 

On February 27, 1862, Captain Franklin Buchanan was ordered to 
the command of the James River squadron. In addition to the Pat- 
rick Henry (or Yorktown), the Jamestown and the Teaser, already 
mentioned, the Raleigh and Beaufort, each small vt^seis carrying one 
gun only, were now a part of this fleet. To these the Virginia wa« now 
to be added as the flagship of the squadron. It« officers were: Flag- 
officer, Captain Franklin Buchanan; lieutenant, Catesby apR. Jones; 
executive and ordnam*e officers, Charles C. Simms, R. D. Minor, Hunter 
Davidson, John Taylor Wood, J. R. Eggl(»Hton, Walter Butt; midship- 
men, R. C. Foute, H. H. Marmaduke, H. B. Littlepage, W. J. Craig, J. 



C. Long» L. M. Rootefl ; paymaster, James Semple; surgeon, Dinwiddle 
Phillips ; assistant surgeon, Algernon S. Gamett; captain of marines, 
Reuben Thorn ; engineers, H. A. Ramsey, acting chief; assistants, John 
W. Tynan, Loudon Campbell, Benjamin Herring, C. A. Jack, R. Wright; 
boatswain, C. H. Hasker ; gunner, C. B. Oliver ; carpenter, Hugh Lindsey; 
clerk, Arthur Sinclair; aide (volunteer). Lieutenant Douglas Forrest, 
Confederate States army ; Captain Kevil, commanding deta^'hment of 
Norfolk united artillery ; Sergeant Tabb, signal corps. The crew of three 
hundred men were a few seamen from Norfolk, eighty sailors whom Lieu- 
tenant Wood found in a New Orleans regiment under General Magruder 
on the peninsula, and other volunteers from the army. 

The following is Lieutenant Wood's description of the Virg:inia and 
her armament: " She was cut down to the old berth-deck. Both ends 
for seventy feet were covered over, and when the ship was in fighting 
trim were just awash. On the midship section, one hundred and seventy 
feet in length, was built, at an angle of forty-five degrees, a roof of 
pitch-pine and oak twenty-four inches thick, extending from the water 
line to a height over the gun deck of seven feet. Both ends of the 
shield were rounded so that the pivot guns could be used as bow and stern 
chasers or quartering. ( ) ver the gun deck was a light grating, making 
a promenade about twenty feet wide. The wood backing was covered 
with iron plates, rolled at the Tredegar works at Rich itiond, two inches 
thick and eight wide. The first tier was put on horizontal, the second 
up and down— in all four inches, bolted through the woodwork and 
clinched inside. The prow was of cast iron, projecting four feet, and 
badly secured, as events proved. The rudder and propeller were entirely 
unprotected. The pilot houst^ was forward of the smoke stack, and 
covered with the same thickness of iron on the sides. ' Her motive 
power was the same that had always been in the ship. ♦ ♦ ♦ Her arma- 
ment consisted of two seven-inch rifles, heavily reinforced around the 
breech with three-inch st^eel bands, shrunk on ; these were the first heavy 
guns so made [their construction wjis under Lieutenant Brooke's direct 
supervision, and every gun was tested by him] and were the bow and 
st^rn pivots; there were also two six-inch rifles of the same make, and 
six nine-inch smooth bore broadside—ten guns in all." 


At noon on Saturday, March 8, 1862, the Virginia, accompanied by 
the tugs Beaufort and Raleigh, steamed down the Elizabeth river, 
cheered by the men at the Confederate batteries along the shores. 
Without a preliminary trial to test her speed and manageableness, she 
was about to offer battle to the formidable Federal fleet in Hampton 
Roads. Her defects were at once manifested. Not more than five miles 


an hour could be got out of her. Her boilers and engines, not improved 
by sinking, could not be depended on. Her dnift wjis twenty-two feet, 
and she could not be nianeuvere<l in shoal waters. She was sounwiehly 
it took from thirty to forty minutes t-o turn her. 

In the open water she was joined by the rest of the James River boats, 
the full fleet as follows: The Virginia, flag-ship, Captain Franklin Bu- 
chanan, ten guns; the Patrick Henry, twelve guns, Commander John R. 
Tucker; the Jamestown, two guns, Lieutenant-Commanding J. N. Bar- 
ney; the Teaser, one gun, Lieuteiiant-( commanding W. A. Webb; the 
i^aufort,onegun,Lieutenant-('onimanding W. H. Parker; the Raleigh, 
one gun, Lieutenant-Commanding J. W. Alexander. Total armament, 
twenty-seven guns. 

The Federal fleet off Fortress Monroe was : The Minnesota, forty 
guns ; the Roanoke, forty guns ; the St. Lawrence, fifty guns ; the gun- 
boats Dragon, Mystic, Whitehall, Oregon, Zouave and Cambridge, 
i^hind these frowned the heavy guns of the fort. Off Newport News, 
seven miles above, the point itself strongly fortified and held by a large 
Federal garrison, wei'e two steam frigates: The (^ongress, fifty gims; 
the Cuml)erland, forty guns. At the Rip Raps was Fort Wool, with it« 
heavy gun. 

Off Sewell Point the Virginia and her escorts turned toward Newport 
News. The hurried preparations on board the Congress and Cumber- 
land seemed to indicate that the attack wa« unlooked for. When the 
Virginia came within three-quarter mile range, the guns of the Cund)er- 
land and Congress and the shore batteries opened on her. Answering 
fire waii reserved until the range was shortened, then the forward pivot 
gim on the Virginia was fired by Lieutenant V. C. Simms. The effcM't 
showed what terrible work the ironclad could l)e counted on to do with 
her guns. Nearly every one of the crew of the Cumberland's after pivot 
gun were killed or wounded. The next test wa« of her ability to disable 
an antagonist by a blow. The. Virginia steere<l straight for the ('um- 
herland, giving the Congress a broadside fire in passing, whieh was 
returned. The Cumberland was struck under the forerigging, nearly at 
right angles, and her side went in like an 9^^ shell. The blow was 
hardly felt on the Virginia, though her ram wa« left in the Cundierland 
as she backe<l off, and the side of the Cumberland, Lieutenant Wood 
says, ** was opened wide enough to drive in a horse and rart/' 

As the Virginia backed clear of her, the Cumberland l>egan to list to 
port, and fill rapidly. Her guns were nmnfully served as long as 
they were above water, and when her crew were driven to the spar 
de<'k they continued to fire her pivot guns until she went down with 
colors flying. She sunk in three-quarters of an hour from the time 
she was struck, and when her hull rested on the sands fifty-four 


feet below the water, her pennant was still above water, flying from 
her t-opmast. 

The Virginia was headed so as to give her space to turn in. As she 
swung round, the Congress came in range again, and Lieutenant Wood 
raked her with three shotw from the Virginia's after pivot guns. In 
trying to get out of range she grounded, but in water where the unfor- 
tunate draft of the Viiginia would not pennit her to follow. The Vir- 
ginia heade<l for her, and took position two hundred yards off, where 
every shot told. For an hour the guns of the Congress answeiv*! 
bravely, but her loss was terrible and her position hopeless. At about 
half past three she ran up the white flag and lowered her colors. Most 
of her guns were then disable<l, more than half her crew killed or 
wounded, and her hull had been several times on fire. 

Among the killed on the Congress was her commanding officer, Lieu- 
tienant Joseph B. Smith, and the surrender was made by Lieutenant 
Pendergrast to IJeut/enant Parkei*, of the Heaufoi't, that boat and the 
Raleigh having been ordered alongside l)y Captain Buchanan. The 
ordei-s were to take off the crew and men on the Congress and then set 
her on fire. But firing from the shore batteries did not cease, although 
the white flag on the Congress could be seen as plainly on the shore as 
on the Virginia. This cruel and continuous fire wounded fi'iend and 
h>e nlike. Lieutenant Tayloe and Midshipman Hutter, of the Raleigh, 
with many of the ci-ew, were killed while taking Federal wounde<l from 
the Congress. The Raleigh and Beaufort then hauled off, with about 
thirty j)risoners. Of those left on the Congress such as were able es- 
caped to the shore by swimming or in small boats. That those unable 
thus to escape perished with the ship is to be laid to the chnrge 
of their own troops, who, snfe on the shore, disregarded the white 
flag that otherwise would hnve protected these unfortunate ones. 
Among those who escaped to the shore was Lieutenant Pendergrast. 
After stirrendering the colors and his side arms on board the Beaufort, 
he was permittetl to return to the Congress to assist in removing 
the wounded. Violating his parole, he escaped by swimming to the 

Captain Buchanan ordered hot shot to be fired into the Congress 
which was done until she was on fire, fore and aft. While directing this he 
was severely wounded, as was also his fi ag-lieutenant, Robert I). Minor. 
Command of the Viiginia then devolved upon Lieutenant (-atesby 
apR. Jones. Several shore batteries had been silenced by the firing 
from the Virginia, and from her little consorts of the James River 
squadron. These smaller boats had betni active and serviceable all day. 
The Patrick Henry was temporarily disabled by a shot through her 
boiler,- which scalded four to (leath, wounding othei's. 







When the engagement opened, the St. Lawrence, Roanoke and Min- 
neBota left their anchorage off Fortress Monroe to come to the assist- 
ance of the Cumberland and Congress. The two first grounded a short 
distance from Fortress Monroe. The Minnesota grounded half way 
l)etween Old Point and Newport News, but in position to l)e actively 
cngagetl. Lieutenant Jones would have moved on her after the Con- 
gress was disposed of, but the pilots of the Virginia would not un<ier- 
take the necessary management of her with approaching night and ebb 
tide upon them. The Virginia anchored off Sewell Point for the night. 
As the night wore awa> , the booming of the exploding guns of the 
Congress was heard. Then followeil the explosion of her powder maga- 
zine, scattering her last fragments, and by her expiring light could Ih» 
w*en all that was left of the Cuml)erland, the pennant on her sunken 
mjist. It had l)een a good day's work for the Confederacy. 

The Virginia had gone to anchor apparently uninjui*ed, for though, 
under the concentrated fire of more than a hundred guns, everything 
above deck that could l>e shot away was gone, her iron armor appeare*! 
uninjured. The damage done by the wrenching off of her ram (caus- 
ing her to leak in next action) was not then appai-ent. Her entire 
in kille<l and wounded was onlv twentv-one. Few that witnessed that 
day*s battle, Confederat'Cs or Federals, doubte<l that the morrow would 
see the destruction, not only of the Minnesota, but of every Fe<]eral 
l)oat riding in Hampton Roads. Lieutenant Jones, however, wat<*hing 
on the Virginia, knew that no such victory was assured. In his very 
interesting contribution to the history of tliese engagements, publishei] 
in the Southern }faji^iizine, of Baltimore, prepared at the request of the 
Southern Hist<3rical Society, he says : '* One of tlie pilots chanced, about 
lip. m., to l>e looking in the dire<'tion of the Congress, when then' 
passed a strange looking craft, brought out in bold relief by the burn- 
ing ship, which he at once proclaime<l to be The Ericsson. We wen» 
therefore not surprised in tlie morning to see the Monitor at anchor 
near the Minnesota. The latter ship was still agrouml.'' That the 
commanding officer of the Virginia knew the Monitor was in the field 
at 11 p. m. on the Hth, should, it would seem, forever dispose of the 
oft-ref)eat4*<l assertion that it ci'eatHl *'the utmost const/emation'' on 
the Virginia to see tlie Monitor on the morning of the 9th. 


The construction of the Monitor had l>een w^atched at the North with 
the same interest that in the South had l>een felt concerning the Vir- 
ginia, and her appearance afloat was even more novel. The Monitor 
was a small iron hull, upon which rested a large raft, surmounted l»y a 
revolving circular iron turret. The hull was 124 feet long, and thirty- 


four feet wide at the upper end. The raft projected at bow and stem, 
and Wii8 fifty feet longer than the hull. The turret wa« eight inches 
thick, nine feet high, and twenty feet inside diameter. In the turret 
were two eleven-inch Dahlgren guns. Her draft was ten feet. This was 
her first great advantage over the Virginia, that she could run into 
shoal wat«r. Her second point of superiority for the work l?efore them 
was, that she could turn anywhere, without appreciable loss of time. 
No more accurate, dispassionate and interesting account of the 
meeting of these two strange crafts can be given than that which 
Ucutenant Jones gives in the paper already alluded to, which is as 
follows : 

*' At 8 a.m. we got under way, as did the Patrick Henry, Jamestown 
and Teaser. We stood towards the Minnesota, and opened fire on her. 
The pilot** were to have placed us half a mile from her, but we were not 
at any time nearer than a mile. The Monitor commenced firing when 
about a third of a mile distant. We soon approached, and were often 
within a ship's length ; once while passing we fired a broadside at her 
only a few yards distant. She and her turret appeared to be under 
I>erfect control. Her light draft enabled her to move about us at pleas- 
ure. She once took position for a short time where we could not bring 
a gun to bear on her. Another of her movements caused us great 
anxiety ; she made for our rudder and propeller, both of which could 
have been easily disabled. We could only see her guns when they were 
discharged. We wondered how proper aim could betaken in the very 
short time the guns were in sight. The Virginia, however, was a large 
target, and generally so near that the Monitor's shot did not often 
miss. It did not appear to us that our shell had any effect upon the 
Monitor. We had no solid shot; musketry was fired at the lookout 
holes. In spite of all the care of our pilots we ran asliore, where we 
n*maine<l over fifteen minutes. The Patrick Henry and Jamestown, 
with great risk to themselves, starteil to our assistance. The Monitor 
and Minnesota were in full play on us. A small rifle-gun on board th(,' 
Minnesota, or on the steamer alongside of her, was fired with remark- 
able precision. 

** VVhen we saw that our fire made no impression on the Monitor, we 
determined to run into her if possible. We found it a very difficult feat 
to do. Our great length and draft, in a comparatively narrow chan- 
nel, with but little water to spare, made us sluggish in our movements, 
and hard to steer and turn. When the opportunity was presented all 
steam was put on; there was not, however, sufficient time to gather 
full headway before striking. The blow was given with the broad 
wooden stem, the iron prow having been lost the day before. The 
Monitor received the blow in such a manner as to weaken the effect. 


and the damjifi^e to her waH trifliiijj^. Sliortly after an alarming leak in 
onr bow wa« reported. It, howev<T, (lid not long continue. 

'*WhilBt contending with the Monitor, we reeeive<l the lire of the 
Miunesotii, which we never failed to return when our guuH could Iw 
brought to bear. We net her on fii-e, and did her 8eriou8 injury, though 
much leB8 than we then Hupponed. Generally the dintanc^e wa« too 
great for effective firing. We blew up a nteamer alongside of her. 

*<The fight had continued over three houi-s. To us the Monitor 
appeared unharmed. We were, therefore, surprised to see her run off 
into shoal water where our great draft would not permit us to follow, 
and where our shell could not reach her. The loss of our prow and 
nn(!hor, and consumption of coal, water, etc., had lightened us so that 
the lower part of the forward end of the shield wa« awash. 

** We for some time waited the return of the Monitor to the Roads. 
After consultation it wa« decided we should return to the navy yard, 
in order that the vessel should lie brought down into the water and 
completed. The pilots said that if we did not then leave, that we could 
not pass the bar until noon of the next day. We, therefore, at 12 m. 
ijuitted the Roads and stood for Norfolk. Had there been any sign of 
the Monitor's willingness to renew the contest we should have remaiiHHl 
to fight her. We left her in the shoal water to which she had with- 
drawn, and which she did not leave until after we had crossed the bar 
on our way to Norfolk. 

**The official report says: *Our loss is two killed and nineteen 
wounded. The stem is twisted and the ship leaks; we have lost the 
prow, starboard anchor, and all tlie boats; the armor is somewhat 
damaged, the steam-pipe and smoke-stack both riddled, the muzzles of 
the two guns shot away ; the colors were hoisted to the smoke-stack, 
and several times cut down from it.' None were killed or wounded in 
the fight with the Monitor. The only danmge she di<l was to the 
armor. She fired forty-one shots. We were enabled to re<^eive most of 
them obliquely. The effect of a shot striking obliquely on the shield 
was to break all the iron, and sometimes to displace several feet of the 
outside course; the wooden backing would not be broken through. 
When a shot struck din»ctly at right angles, the wood would also be 
broken through, but not displaced. Generally the shot was much 
scattered ; in thret* instances two pr more struck near the same pla^*e, 
in each cawe causing more of the iron to be displaced, and the wood to 
bulge inside. A few struck near the water-line. The shield was never 
pierced; though it was evident that two shots striking in the same 
place would have nmde a lai*ge hole through everything. 

" The ship was docked ; a prow of steel and wrought iron put on and 
a course of two-inch iron on the hull below the rooif extending in length 


180 feet. Want of time and of material prevented itfl completion. 
The damage to the armor wa« repaired; wrou^ht-iron port shutterH 
were fitted, etc. Tlie rifle ^un8 were supplied with boltw of wronj^ht and 
chilled iron. The whip wjih brought a foot deeper in the water, making 
her ilraft twenty-three feet. 

** Commodore Jomah Tatnall relievetl Admiral Buchanan in com- 
mand. On the 11th of April he took the Virginia down to Hampton 
Koa<l8, expecting to have a desperate encounter with the Monitor. 
Greatly to our surprise the Monitor refused to fight us. She clos(»ly 
hugged the shore under the guns of the fort with her steam up. Ho[>- 
ing to provoke her to come out, the Jamestown was s<»nt in, and cap- 
tured several prizes, but the Monitor would not budge. It was pro- 
posed to take the vessel to York river, but it was decided in Richmond 
that she should remain near Norfolk for its protection. 

"Commodore Tatnall commanded the Virginia for forty-five days, 
of which time there were only thirteen days that she was not in dock 
or in the hands of the navy yard. Yet he succeeded in impressing on 
the enemy that we were ready for tictive service. It wjis evident that 
the enemy very much overrated our power and efficiency. The South 
also had the same exaggerated idea of the vessel. 

**0n the 8th of May, a squadron, including the Monitor, bombarded 
our batteries at SewelFs Point. We immediately left the yard for the 
Roads. As we drew near, the Monitor and her consort*} ceased bom- 
barding, and retreated under the guns of the forts keeping out of range 
of our guns. Men-of-war from below the forts and vessels expressly 
fitted for running us down joineil the other vessels between the forts. 
It looke<l as if the fleet was about to make a fierce onslaught on us. 
Hut we were again to be disappointed. The Monitor and the oth(»r 
vessels <lid not venture to m<H»t us, although we advanced until proj«H> 
tiU*s from the Rip-raps fell more than half a mile beyond us. Our 
objiH't, however, wa« accomplished; we had put an end to the bom- 
bardment, and we returned to our buoy." 

Captain Buchanan was promoted to l>e Admiral in the Confed«»rate 
States Navy, and temporarily relieved from command on account of 
wound i-eceived in the engagement of the Virginia March 8th. On March 
25th Commodore Josiah Tatnall was ordered to command of the naval 
clefenses of Virginia watei-s, and he assumed command March 29th. 
From the 8th to the 29th the Virginia was ably commanded by Lieu- 
tenant Jones, who for this service w>is promoted captain. (This pro- 
motion was to captain in the Confederate States Navy; the promo- 
tion previously iioteil when he was sent to Norfolk was in the Virginia 
Navy.) The Confederat^e authorities entertained the belief that the 
Virginia would be able to drive the entire fleet of the enemy from 


Hunipton HoadH. VirgiuianH were confident that tlie blockade of their 
HlioreH would he rai8ed by the ironchid. The people of the Northern 
coiist citi<»H anticipated Beeinj^ their harborH laid waste by it. Secn»- 
tary Mallory nent Coirmiodore Tatnall a communication on April 1 nt, 
in which he said: <* The enclosed note, sent me by friend in Baltimoiv, 
will inform you of some interesting points about the Monitor. This 
vessel has achieved a high reputation by her re<*ent combat with tin* 
Virginia; and the enemy, no less than our own people, look forward to 
a renewal of it as a matter of course, and with deep interest. I conf*»ss 
to a very deep interest in your success over her, for I am fully con- 
vinced that the n^iult of such a victory may save millions of dollars 
and thousands of lives." The information conveyed by the not<» 
enclosed was (;ertiiin points in the construction of the Monitor, n 
knowledge of which might be serviceable to the Virginia in meeting her 

Again on April 4th Secretary Mallory instioictiKl Commodore Tatnall: 
'* Do not hesitate or wait for orders, but strike when, how and when' 
your judgment may dictate. Take her [the Virginia] out of the dock 
when you nuiy deem best, and this point is left entirely to your dis- 
cretion." Commodore Tatnall in his defense before court-martial said: 
** Aware that Hampton Roads furnished me no field for importiint 
oi>erations, 1 early turned my thoughts to passing the forts and strik- 
ing unexpectedly at some distant point, say New York, or Port Royal, 
or Savannah, and in a letter of the lOth of April to the Se<*retary, 1 
conveyed my views." At a meeting of the Federal Cabinet calle<l aft4»r 
the fight in Hampton Roads, Sec^retary of War Stanton said: "The 
Merrimac [Virginia] will change the whole character of the w^ar; slie 
will destroy, iseriatun^ every naval vessel; she will lay all citi<»s on 
the seaboard under contribution. 1 sliall immediately recall Burnsiii(S 
Port Royal must be abandoned. 1 will notify tlie governors and muni- 
cipal authorities in the North to take instant measures to prote<'t 
their harbors." 

But hopes and fears were unfoun<led. N(j further victory was to be. 
won by the Virginia. No victory at sea, for she had not one seagoing 
qualification, and could only be used for harbor defense. No victory in 
Hampton Roads, for her fighting qualities had been tested, and the 
enemy were not minded to meet her again. As Lieutenant Jones t<»s- 
tifies, whenever she came out of the Elizabeth, all Federal boats fleil to 
shallow water w here she could not follow- ; and the Monitor, while her 
officers loudly claimed a victory for March 9th, was kept close under 
the guns of Fortress Monroe, and could not be tempted into another 

The movements of the two opposing armies on the peninsula, in 


March and April, 1862, resulted in the change of base of Gen. Joe E. 
Johnston'H army from the Yorktown lines to the west bank of the 
Chickahonjiny, and from this change resulted the, perliaps, nnneies- 
wiry <)rtler for the ( onfederate evacnation of Norfolk. On May lOtli the 
Confeilerate land fon-es fell bm'k from the vicinity of Elizabeth river, the 
batteri«»s at Oaney Island, Sewell Point and all ahing the nver >vei*e 
abandoned. CJeneral Huger with his troops withdrew from Norfolk, 
the mayor of the city negotiated its surrender to General Wool, and 
once more the navy yard watj given over to the flames. The smaller 
vi^ssels of the Confederate fleet had in April withdrawn to James river, 
and after Norfolk was abandoned moved up the river to positions 
l)ehind the fortifications at Drewry's and Chapin's bluffs. Commodore 
Tatnall ordere<l the Vii-ginia lightened and run up James river to tin? 
prote<'tion of Richmond. After the crew had worked five or six hours 
lightening the boat, and she was lifted so that she could not 1h? 
defendeil where she lay, the pilots announce<l their inability to carry 
her up the James (whei'e the draft was eighteen feet) beyond James- 
town Flat-s, at which point it was reported the enemy hehl both banks 
of the river. Only one course could then be jmrsued to keep her out of 
the enemy's hands. She was put on shore and fired, and her crew 
landfHi as near Craney Island as p(3ssible, the only way of retreat open 
to them. She burned about an hour, and blew up a little before five 
o'clock on the morning of May 11th. 

This unlooked for end to the career of the ironclad, whose victorit»s 
had l)een exaggerated, whose defe<-ts were then not known, and from 
which so much was expected, created great dissatisfaction throughout the 
Confederacy. Commodore Tatnall was severely censured for destroy- 
ing the Vii^nia, not only by those ignorant of the facts in the case, 
but also by those whose knowledge of the situation should have h^l 
them to endorse his action. He <-alled for a Court of Inquiry, which 
ivport4»il, in substance, that tlii^ Virginia ought not to have been d<?- 
stroyed at the time and plm-e it was done. As soon as this finding was 
made known, the Commodore i)romptly and very properly called for 
a court-martial, which was convened on July 5, 18(32, composed of 
the following officers: Admiral Franklin Ihichanan; Captains Lawrenc<' 
Rousseau, Sidney S. Lee, George N. Hollins; Commanders Roln^rt G. 
Robb, Murray Nelson, Eben Farrand, A. R. Fairfax, M. F. Maury, 
George Minor; Lieutenants W. L. Maury, Robert B. Pegram; Judge 
Ailvocate Robert Ould. \\\ this court Conmiodore Tatnall was honor- 
ably acquitted, the court finding: 

"That after the evacuation of Noi-folk, AVestover on James river 
became the most suitable place for her [the Virginia] to occupy ; that 
while in the act of lightening her for the purpose of taking her up to 



tlmt point, the pilotH for the first timo dechired their inability t^o tiike 
her up. That when n^ht4*ned she wnw made vulnerable to the att-avkn 
of the enemy. Tli(» only alternative, in the opinion of the <rourt, wan 
to abnndon and bum the ship then and there, which, in the judgment 
of the court, wan delil)erately and wisely done." 

The Monitor, of which quite as much was expectinl in the North as in 
the South was expected of the Vir^nia, had a career almost wa brief 
and much less serviceable. After some slight service in the James river 
in the summer of 1H(>2, she was taken to Washington for repairs in 
S<»pteml)er, returning to Hampton Koads two months lat4^r. On 
December 29th, slu» set out for Beaufort, North Carolina, in tow of the 
lihode Island, and two days later she sunk in a heavy gale off the 
North Carolina coast. 


Virginia Wfis now, as had l)een fon^mnm, to InM^ome the gn»at battle 
ground of the war. To ivach the C'onfederat*? capital by land or water 
wa« the aim of every movement of the FtMh»ral arm^' in the east. 
Chi'sapeake bay and James river, the wat4»r approaches to Richmond, 
were lienceforth to In? tlie scene of all naval engagements of any 
importance on Virginia waters. 

After the abandonment of Yorktown, May 8, 1862, and of Norfolk 
(.May 10th), the James river squadron moved slowly up that river, 
skirmishing with the advancing Fe<leral fiet»t. The Nansemond and 
Uampton, gunboats built at the Norfolk navy yard, were sent to Ilich- 
mond. Two otlier boats nearly flnislied, and greatly sui)erior to any 
in the fi<»et, were burned with the yard. As McClellan advanced on the 
])eninsula,the Federal fie<»t moved from Hampton Koads up the James. 
On .May Hth the fleet shelled Fort Huger, at Hardy's Hluff, three hours 
without driving out it« gairison. The defense was conducted by Capt. 
J. .M. .Maury, Confederate States Navy. The next day an engagement 
came off between shore batteries ancl the Federal boats, in which the 
Patrick Henry and the Jamestow^n assisted the batteries. 

These and other slight engagements affording only a temporary chw^k 
to the a<lvance of the Federal fleet, the anticipation was awakemnl fai 
thr» .\ortli tliat the fie«»t would reach Richmond without encountering 
serious opposition. But the Confederates were using the time to good 
advaiit:ij«:e, (concentrating tlieir forces and strengthening their defens** 
at Drewry's Bluff, to give battle there. This bluff, on the right bank of 
the Ja:nes, about seven miles below Richmond, was an admirable point 
for d(?feuse, having great natural advantages. It has an elevation of 
about two hundred feet above the river, whi<-h at this point is only 
one mile wide. Preparations for defense there had been b^gun with one 


battery mountinf^ three ^nn. In April the firat obstnietionB were 
pla-fed in the fiver. Piles were driven into the bottom, and filled in with 
logB, Htones and iron rubbitth. On the api)roach of the enemy 'h boats, 
the Jamestown, Curtis Peck, Northami)ton, and several smaller boats 
wen? sunk in the channel. The earthworks previously constructed were 
extended. In addition to the thrtn? ^uns of the first battery, a number 
of heavy navy ^ns were mounted. Rifle pits for sharp shooters were 
dug on the opposit(» bank of the James. A heavy battery at Chapin's 
Bluff, a few miles down on the left bank of the river, was commanded 
by Lieut. T. J. Page. 


Capt. Eben Farrand, Confederate Statics navy, wa« s«»nior officer in 
comnmnd of the naval and military forces at Drewry's Bluff, ('apt. 
A. Drt?wry ciimmanded a battalion of artillery. The bluff took its 
name from his family, in whose possession the land had be*»n many years. 
XJuj naval battery, which hail lieen constructed under su[)ervision of 
Capt. John Randolph Tucker, and in which the guns from the James- 
town and I'atrick Henry were niount4^1, was mannwl by some of the 
officers and the crews of the Patrii.-k Henry, Jamest<3wn and Virginia. 
The sharpshooters in the rifle pits on the left bank were under com- 
mand of Lieut. John Taylor Wood of the navy. Two companies of 
marines, commanded by Capt. John 1). 8imms, also served as sharp- 
shooters. The Federal fleet consisted of three ironclads, the Monitor, 
the Galena and the Naugatuck, and two wooden gunboats, the Aris- 
took and Port Royal. 

The battle opene<l at 7:30 on the morning of May ISth, and was 
fien-e and well conducts on both sidt»s but of brief duration. In thr«»(» 
hours the Federal fleet was in reti-eat. As the Monitor passed down 
dose to the left bank. Lieutenant Wood calleil out to the offlcer in her 
pilot-lrtmse : " Tell Captain Jeffers that is not the way to Richmond ! " 

On the Federal side the loss was fourteen killed, eighteen wounded; 
the Brooke rifle balls penetrated the irondadding of the Galena nnd 
erippl^d her; the I'arrot rifle<l gun on the Naugatuck bui*st as she fired 
her 8event<?enth round, and she was compelled to drop out of action 
lM»fore the others withdrew; the Monitor was not injureil. The wooden 
boats were not actively engaged, but were put to service in towing the 
c -rippled ironclads to a place of safety. Tlie Port Royal came into range 
once, and received a shell. On tlie Confederate side the loss was sev«»n 
kille<l, nine wounded. No serious damage was done the fortifications. 
The Confederate squadron was drawn up above tlie obstructions, which 
the enemy's boats did not reach. Midshipman Carroll, of the Patriirk 
Henry, wa.s killed while acting as signal officer and aide to Captain 


FiUTHiHi. Brief and companitively bloodleHH U8 was this engagement 
it tiiught the Federal authoritieH one lesson : That the *< On to Kieh- 
nioiid ! '' movement for which the North was clamoring was not to be 
made by way of the James river. The Federal fleet made no further 
attempt to pass Fort Drewry. Captain Sidney S. Lee had been ordei-ed 
to reli(jve Captain Farrand in command at Drewry's Bluff, and arrived 
on tlie 15th, after the battle had begun. Declining then to interfere 
with Captain Farrand 's command, he acted in co-operation with him, 
rendering valuable aid and council through the engagement. Subse- 
(juently the obstruction of the river at this point was completed under 
Captain Lee^s supervision. 

Sidney Smith Lee was of the distinguished Lee family whose public 
services are interwoven with the history of Virginia on so many pages 
of this work. The second son of '* Light-Horse" Harry," he wjis born at 
Canjden, New Jersey, in 1805, while his father wjis attending a session 
of Congress at Philadelphia. In his fourteenth year he was appoiut<Hl 
midshipman in the United States navy, in which service he remaineil 
over forty years. Among the positions of honor he ably filled in this 
s<.»rvice were: Commander of w^ar vessel, Mexican war, and engaged in 
siege of Vera Cruz; Commandant of United States Naval Academy at 
Amiapolis three years ; Commandant of Philadelphia navy yard three 
years; Captain of flag-ship Mississippi, in ComnM)dore Perry's expe<li- 
tion to Japan; member of the Naval Board to receive and entertain 
Japanj»He Ambassadors in their visit to this country ; Chief of the Bureau 
of Coast Survey at Washington. This last position he resigned when 
Virginia was forced out of the Union, following the course of his 
younger brother. General RoV)ert E. Lee, tendering his service to the 
State that reckons him one of her honorefl sons. At the close of the 
war Captain Ix»e was chief of the Bureau of Orders and Detail at Rich- 
mond. He died at Richland, Virginia, on the 22d of July, 1861). He 
was the father of Governor Fitzhugh l^ee of Virginia, the ** Fitz Let^" 
of Virginia cavalry fame, and of S. Smith Lee, jr., of the Confederate 
States navy. 


The Richmond,*' the first fully armored ship that theSouthput afloat 
on tile James river," was completed in July, 1802. An ap|)eal for funds 
to be used to build such a ship, the construction to be under supervis- 
ion of naval otticers, and the ship to be tendered the government when 
(completed, appeared in the Richmond Dispntch, March 17, 1862. A 
number of wealthy Virginia gentlemen having volunteered a part of 
the necessary sum, the remainder wa« raised by the patriotic ladies of 
Williamsburg and Richmond, through committees and by a fair the 


Richmond ladies held. The Richmond was ilescribeil us "a fine vessel, 
built on the plan of the Virginia, not so large; her ends not submerged. 
She carried a bow and stem pivot "and two guns in broadside." Ex- 
aggerated reports of her size and strength reached the North, where she 
wtis called the >* Merriraac No. 2." On July 30th she steamed down to 
Drewry's Bluff, ready for service. Another boat added to the James 
River fleet in 1862 was the Drewry, mounting one large gun. When 
McClellan feU back beaten from the peninsula, comparative quiet 
returned to James river. At the close of the year the James River 
squadron, Captain French Forrest commanding, consisted of the Rich- 
mond, Patrick Henry, Nansemond, Hampton, Beaufort, Rnleigh and 
Drewry. The Teaser had been captured, July 4th, when she got aground 
in Turkey Bend while reconnoitering. 

Only one affair of note occurre<l on James river in 1863. All summer 
Federal ironclads remained in the vicinity of Drewry's Bluff, without 
again attempting its capture. The Confederate fleet was in daily (ex- 
pectation of an engagement which the enemy never offei'ed. The river 
it**elf had been well prepared to receive them. In addition to the ol»- 
stnictions opposite Fort Drewry, Lieutenant Hunter Davidson hn4l 
prepare<i torpedo defenses, which were sunk in the river below that 
point, and could be flred by an electric arrangement on shore having 
wire connections with the torpedoes. On August Ist'a numl)er of F(m1- 
eral generals left Fortress Monroe for a i*econnoissance of Fort Drewry. 
Their squadron consisted of themonitor Sangnmon,^nd twogunbonts, 
the Commodore Barney and the Cohasset. Some fiy^. miles below 
Drewry's Bluff they reached a line of torpedoes. These did not do nil 
that was expected of them, only one exploding. That was under the 
keel of the Commodore Barney, and lifted her bow high in air, ten ring 
away the timbers on her sides. So much heavy material went over- 
board as she careened that she righted herself; twenty of her crew 
were washed off her deck, all but two of whom were picked uj) by 
boats from the other ships. The squadron retreate<l down the i*iver, 
and the next day came in range of a maske<l force of Confeilcrnte 
artillery and infantry at Deep Bottom. The Commodore Bnrney, then 
hardly afloat, got a shell in her boiler, and the Cohasset had her 
engines damage<l by a solid shot. In September, 1H63, the Fe<lernl 
transport John Farron was seriously injured by a torpedo in the 


Two ironclaxls were added to the James River squadron before opera- 
tions opened in 1864. One was a K<H'ond ironclad Virginin, built in pnrt 
like her namesake, and in pairt like the Richmoiul, not having sub- 


merged ends. She wn« plated with six inches of armor on the sides of 
her casements, and ei^ht inches on tlie ends. Her armament was two 
six-inch and two ei^ht-inch Brooke rifled guns, so placed that three 
could be fired at a bromlside. The other ironclad was the P^redericks- 
hurg, having four inches of nnnor, and carrying four six-inch guns, 
('onimander John K. Mitchell had succeeded Captain Fon*est in com- 
mand of the squadron. 

(leneral H. F. Butler, after establishing his army at Bermuda 
Hundred, detaileil gunboatw to drag the James river for torpedoi^. 
On May (Jth the (!ommodoi'e Jones, so engaginl, r<»sted near Four and a 
Half Mile ('reek, directly over one of JJeutenant Davidson's tank 
machines, containing four hundred pounds of pow<ler. The torpe<lo 
wxvfK (»onnecte<l with a galvanic; battery secreteil in a pit on shore, with 
a (Ictail of three men from the submarine battery service to operate it. 
The spark was transmitted, the machine exploded, and the Commodoi-e 
Jones was blown into fragment)^*, losing in killed and wounded, seventy- 
five out of a crew of one hundred and twenty; fifty were killed out- 
right. The next day the gimboat Shawsheen was destroynl near Turkey 
Bend, and all her crew killed or captuivd. 

When the Commodore Jones was destroyed a boat from an ac(»om- 
panying gunboat wa« sent to the shore, and the men operating the gal- 
vanic batt4»ry were captured. One of these, placed in the forwanl boat 
searehing for the torpedoes, rendered his own position as safe* as possi- 
ble by communi<*atiiig to his caf)tors all the infornuition he possessed 
relative to the position of the torpedoes. In this way the Fed<»ral 
boats were abh^ to lo(;ate and remove twenty torpedoes. ()n«» containnl 
a charge of 1,900 pounds of powder. 

Drewry's Bluff wa« now thi-eateneil with an attack from Butler on 
the land side, and was strongly reinforced. Tin* obstructions w<M-e 
removed from the river opposite the fort, and the James Hiver fii»t4 
passed down to (liapiu's Bluff. Tin* Federal fltH»t below i-es])on(led by 
sinking hulks at Trent's U(»ach to pnnent the Confederate v(»ssels com- 
ing down any further. The riv<»r was further closed by stn»tching 
booms and cables lM»tw<H»n the hulks. When this had been complet4>d, 
Commander Mit-chell, nnderstanding that the F<^leral fl«^»t (Us'lineil to 
mH»t him, took his vessels ba^-k to Fort Drewry. 

The commander of the James River s(]uadron did not, however, 
remain inactive in the summer of 1HG4, but contrived to ke<^p the 
Federal fieet in the James, and away from Southern Ports, by a naval 
battery on the hill at Howlett House, from which he shelled the fleet at 
long range, and by sending one and another of his boats to harass 
that part of Butler's army working on his purposeless canal at Dutch 


A more serious engagement occurred on October 22d. After th(» 
Federals captured Fort Harrison (September 19th) they erected n 
new battery on the left bank of the James, about two miles below 
Chapin's Bluff, and fortifications on Signal Hill. These were masked 
until the morning of Octol>er 22d, when the trees in front of them wer<» 
cut a Way, and they wei*e uncovered with range on the Virginia, Hich- 
mond, Fredericksburg, Hampton and Drewry, then lying near Cox 
landing. The two last moved out of range, the Drewry receiving out* 
shell which struck one of her gun carriages wounding five men. Com- 
mander Mitchell with the flag ship, Virginia, bore down toward tli(» 
battery, signaling Captain Maury to follow with the Richmond, anci 
Captain Uoot« with the Fretlericksburg. The three gunboats kept up 
the duel with the battery until it wa« silenced, then returned to Drewry s 
Bluff. The Fredericksburg had her casement damaged, and six of her 
crew wounded. The Richmond had her smoke-stack shot away, but 
sustained no other injury. The Virginia was not damaged at all, 
though hit by seven 1 00-pound conical bolts from the enemy's rifles, 
not one of which more than dented her iron plating. The four Federal 
monitors madono move to come up and participate in the engagement, 
although Admiral Lee, commanding the Federal fleet, had assured the 
Fedend authorities that in putting down the obstructions the work 
had been so done the obstructions couhl be removed quickly at any 
time it wa« desirable for the fleet to go up the river. On Deceml)er 7tli, 
the Virginia, Richmond and Fredericksburg came down to Fort Brady, 
a Fetleral fortification on tlie right bank of the James, and exchanged 
a few shot« with its garrison. 

In Dpceml)er, five boat« of the Federal fleet were sent into Roanok(» 
river, and on Deceml)er 9th anchored near Jamesville. The gmd)oat 
Otwego, searching for torpedoes, passed over two of tliem, which 
exploded, destroying her. The next day the gunboat Bazely 
and Launch No. 5 met the same fate, and the expedition was aban- 

With the opening of 1865 the one hope that remained of relieving 
I>ee's l»eleaguei*ed and enfeebled army rested in the James River squad- 
ron. This was "a forlorn hope," indexed, but the gallant navid force 
that had never yet faltere<l was ivady to make the most of it. If the 
squadron could get down the James, and disperse the Federal fle<4 at 
City Point, Grant's base of supplies would be destroye<l, and L<^e might 
gain some advantage thereby. 

(^ircumstances favored the attempt, l^elieving the Confederate boats 
would not try to pass the obstructions, all the Fe<leral monitoi*s 
except the Onondaga had l)een sent to Fort Fisher. High water (*ame 
on January 22d, carrying great blocks of ice down the river. It was 


hoped that the freshet and the ice blocks would carry out the obstruc- 
tions at Trent's Reach, so as to let the Confederate ironclads through. 
As soon as night fell a reconnoitering party was sent down to examine 
the obstructions. The report was that the passage was feasible. Lieu- 
tenant C. W. Read hasteneil with the intelligence to General Lee at 
Petersburg, and was by him sent to Secretary Mallory at Richmond 
with it, and to ask for an order that the ironclads l>c sent down that 
night. At three o'clock on the morning of the 23d, such order wjis 
delivered by Lieutenant Read to Commander Mitt;hell. 

The expe<lition moved as soon as night fell on the 23d, the ironcla<ls 
Virginia, Richmond and Fredericksburg; the gunboat Drewry; the 
torpedo boat Torpedo; and tlii'ee torpedo launches under command of 
Lieutenant Read, the Wasp, Hornet and S<*orpion, which were to l>e 
usihI against Federal l)oats. These all passeil the upper Fe<leral batt:«»r- 
ies undiscovere<l, and anchored just above the obstructions. Capt^iin 
Mit-chell then went on board the S<»orpion and sounded througli the 
obstructions, finding a spar lying across the opening, which was 
removed. While the sounding was going on a F'ederal picket boat dis- 
covered the ('onfwlerates and a heavy fire was opene<l from both banks. 
Captain Mitchell returner! to his fleet and went on board the Fredericks- 
burg, lightest draft of the ironclads, and himself took her through the 
ol)structions. Returning on the Scorpion, he found both the Virginia 
and Ri(*hmond aground. The launches wei'e pulling on them but could 
not move them. The Federal batteries had opened all along the lini». 
This put an end to any possibility of surprising the Federal fleet. The 
Fredericksburg was ordered to return. The James River boats would 
have to fight for it to get back up the river. 

Daybreak disclose<l them lying directly under the gims of Fort Par- 
sons, which opened fire on them. The Drewry was destroyeil by a shell ; 
the Wasp by a solid shot; the other wooden boats went into Hhelter 
un<ler a bank. At nine o'clock the Onondaga came up and l>egan to 
fire on the Virginia and Richmond, still grounded. None of the 
guns of the Confederat;e irom^lads could l)e effectually worke<l. With 
the i-ising tide tlie grounded ships got afloat, but not imtil the Vir- 
ginia had received a IH-inch solid shot knocking a hole through her 
armor ami wood backing, killing six and wounding fourteen. After a 
council on board the Virginia, C'apt-ain Miti'hell decided to resume 
hostilities after dark, and at nine in the evening again headed down 
stream. A blazing calcium liglit was thrown on his boats from a F''eile- 
ral battery and firing resumed from all the ports. Reluctantly the 
(»xpe<lition was abandoneil and the fleet rc^turnHl to ( 'hapin's Bluff. 
Tlie Federals streiigthene<l the obstructions, and addeil two monitors 
to the guarding fleet. 

i"M.«i>i)<iiii. Miiriii.n lONTvrNE lui'i. 


The aggressive work of the James River squadron was now ended. 
On February 18, 1865, Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes, of Alabama 
fame, wa« appointed its commander. Many of the officers and crew of 
the squadron had been detached to the naval brigade, which under 
command of Capt. J. R. Tucker, was manning Fort Drewry, and 
Batteries Brooke, Wood and Semmes. These were joined by thre*» 
hundred officers and men from the vessels destroyed at Charleston an*l 
Wilmington, when those cities were abandoned, making a formidal)le 
force, specially well traine<l for accurate firing of heavy g-uns. The only 
work left for the fleet was yet a worthy one. Richmond wa« secure 
from approach by water while the three ironclads remained on guard at 
Drewry 's Bluff. 

On the afternoon of April 2d Admiral Semmes received official notice 
from Secretary Mallory that Richmond would lie evacuated that 
night. He was further instructed to arm and equip his men for duty in 
the field, and report with his force to General Lee after destroying his 
vessels. Between two and three o'clock on the morning of the 8(1, the 
naval troops were on their way up the James in the wooden boat-s, and 
the ironclads of the James river squadron were on fire. The explosion 
of the Virginia, it wa« said, "shook the houses in Richmond, ami waked 
the <»choes of the night for forty miles around." 


At midnight of April 4th, Semmes reached Danville with his forces. 
Here he found President Davis and Secretary Mallory, to whom he 
reporte<l. He was ordered to form his command as a brigade of artil- 
lery to serve in the defenses around Danville. ( )nlv four hundre<l men 
were left him, but these were divided into the regiments which remaine<l 
in the Danville trenches until the bitter end. 

The naval brigade under Cnptain Tucker withdrew from Drewry 's 
Bluff on April 2d, and joined General Custis Lee's division of Ewell's 
corps, n^^ting as Ijee's rear guard in the retreat from Richmond. It was 
a dreary man'h for four days, without rest, without food, in falhng rain 
and heavy mud, with the cavalry of the victorious army hovering 
about them on every hand. On April 6th. a stand wjis made at Sailor's 
('reek, and the last heavy battle on Virginia ground was fought. 
Scharf, in his ** Confederate States Navy," pays this eloquent tribute to 
the Virginia naval force: 

** Ewell's depleted ranks were enveloped by the masses of Sheridan's 
infantry and cavalry, and came to a stand at the cn^k for their final 
resistiince to the overwhelming thousands of the enemy. The navad 
brigade held the right of the line, where it repulsed two assiiults of 
cavalry and one of infantry with its firm formation and rapid, steady 


fire, the Federals splitting on its front and going to the right and left 
of it. In one of these dashes of cavalry General Ewell and his staff were 
captured, and he passed the order of surrender to his troops, whose 
line, except that held by the sailors, had been pierced by the Fecleral 
charges. The naval brigade and two hundred marines, under command 
of Major Simmons, were holding precisely the same position then which 
had been assigned them in the morning. Commtinder Tuclcer wa« 
informed that Ewell had ordered a surrender but refused to believe it. 
The brigade of infantry on either side of him had ceased firing, but 
with the remark * I can't surrender,' he ordered his men to continue the 
engagement. General Wright, commander of the Federal Sixth Corps, 
had directed the fire of a dozen batteries upon him, and a mass of 
cavalry were making ready to ride him down , when he was informe<l for the 
second time of the surrender, and followed the example of the infanti*y. 
He had continued fighting fifteen minutes after they had lowered their 
arms, and the naval colors were the last to be laid down. The bravery 
of the sailors was observed along the Federal lines, and when they did 
surrender the enemy cheered them long and vigorously. The saluta- 
tions of the foe to the men who * didn't know when to surrender,' 
brought to a close the history of the Confederate States navy upon the 
waters of Virginia." 


No annals of war awaken greater interest than those which deal with 
gallant feats of individuals and re<*orfl desperate undertakings against 
great odds. While results thus achieved may not l)e relatively great, 
there is something ever inspiriting in dwelling upon such records. The 
capture of the St. Nicholas, recordeil upon a previous page, was such 
an enterprise, and the following are equally worthy of preservation. 

On the night of July 25, 1862, a Confederate boat's crew stole in 
among the Federal transports and supply ships near Harrison's Land- 
ing, and boarded the schooner Louisa Rives, loaded with army stores. 
Making their way to the captain's cabin, they informed him he wa« 
under arrest by order of General McClellan, and conveyed him to their 
boat. Some of the party remained behind in the cabin long enough to 
set it on fire in several places. Then the boat pulled off, leaving a burn- 
ing ship behind them, surrounded by its just awakened consorts, any 
one of which could have blown the daring raiders and their boat out ol 
the water. 

A notable exploit wa« executed in Chesapeake bay by Lieut. John 
Taylor Wood with a boat's crew from the Patrick Henry, on the night 
of Noveml)er 28, 1802. Just below the mouth of the Rappahannock 
they boarded the Alleghanian, a fine ship from Baltimore bound for 


London, that had come to anchor on account of a heavy storm. The 
ship^s officers were completely surprised, and offered no resistance. In 
the darkness one boat's crew escapcnl ; the remainder and the officers 
were sent prisoners to Richmond. After a portion of the ship's stores 
had been transfen'ed to the boats, she was set on fire and burned. The 
ship and cargo were valued at $200,000. The Federal gunboat Crusa- 
der was only a few miles away from the Alleghanian, but when the fire 
from the latter brought boats from the Ousader to the rescue, Lieuten- 
ant Wood was gone with his prisoners and supplies, and the fire Wiis 
l>eyond control. 

Early in 1863 John Yates Beall was commissioned acting master in 
the Confeilerate States navy. He organized a privateering force which 
did not at anytime number more than twenty men. Mathews county, 
Virginia, was their place of rendezvous. In July they cut the United 
Stat-es telegraph cable across the Chesapeake. In August they wrecke<l 
the light-house at Cape Charles. In September they captured the sloop 
Mary Anne, and two fishing vessels, and the sc^hooners Alliance, Horse- 
nmn, Pearsall and Alexander. In Noveml>er they captured a schooner 
on theAccomac shore of the Chesapeake. Meantime the noise of Betill's 
successes had rea<*hed the North, and the Federal government sent to 
Mathews county to capture him and his twenty men, one regiment of 
infantry, two of cavalry, one battalion of artillery and three gunboats. 
He was made prisoner on board his last prize with a number of his 
men. They were held in irons at Fort Mc Henry six weeks, subjected to 
every indignity. Information of this reaching President Davis he 
promptly ordered an equal number of Federal prisoners to l)e 
put under the same treatment. As on previous Hke occasions, this 
retaliatory measure secmred for Beall and his men proper treatment a« 
prisoners of war. This was the last attempt of the Federal govern- 
ment to ignore the customary usage of war, and treat privateersmen as 
<< pirates." Beall wa« sent to City Point on. March 20, 1864, and 
exchanged in May following. The balance of those captured with him 
were exchanged in September, 1864. 

On March 6, 1864, Lieutenant Wood scored another brilliant success 
in a dangerous undertaking. He crossed the Chesapeake bay from 
Mathews county with a small party of men in open boats to Cherry- 
stone Harbor, on the eastern shore. Running in at nightfall and cut- 
ting the telegraph wires they made prisoners the Federal cavalry pickets 
there, and during the night captured two United States dispatch boat^ 
from Fortress Monroe, touching there, the lolas and the Titan. They 
then fired the wharf warehouses, containing the commissary stoivs, 
valued at $50,000. Lieutenant Wood ordered the lolas flre<l, also, but 
upon the representation of her captain that she represented all he 


owne<l in the world he was i>ermitted to bond her for f 10,000 and depart 
on parole, with a part of his crew. The remainder of the prisonere 
were taken away on the Titan, which was run up the Piankatank river 
to Freeport, and there burned. The two steamers had just been put in 
service, newly built, and were valued at f 40,000 each. In retaliation 
the Potomac flotilla entered the Rappahannock, and destroyed a large 
amount of naval material, including ship timber and boats. 

Two dashing privateering feats were executed in Chesapeake bay in 
1865. Captain Thaddeus Fitzhugh, of the Fifth Virginia cavalry, who 
had accompanied Lieutenant Wood in his foray on Cherrystone Harbor, 
crossed into Maryland with a small force of men, and placed all but 
about a dozen of them in hiding on the Chesapeake shore near Patux- 
ent river. With the smaller number he then proceeded in disguise to- 
Fair Haven, Maryland, where they took passage, April 4th, on the 
Harriet Deford for Baltimore. Out in the stream they threw off their 
disguise, appearing in Confederate uniform, took possession of the 
boat, brought their concealed companions on board, returned to Fair 
Haven and landed the passengers and part of the crew, then took the 
captured vessel across the bay, and the next day burned her. On April 
6th, Lieut. John C. Brain, Confederate States navy, captured the 8t. 
Mary, off the mouth of Patuxent, ran her to the Virginia shore and 
burned her. 

These are illustrations of the successful work of privateers in Virginia 
waters during the war. Their most valuable service was not, however, 
in the injury they did the enemy, so much as in the aid they gave the 
Confederate government by running the Federal blockade, bringing m 
recruits, armament and much needed stores. 


The following Virginia officers resigned from the U. S. marine corps 
at the l>eginning of the war: Major Henry B. Tyler; Brevet-Major 
George H. Terrett; Captains, Robert Tansill, Algernon S. Taylor, John 
D. Simms; First Lieutenants, George P. Turner, Israel Greene. About 
one hundred men left the same service, and constituted the nucleus of 
the C. 8. marine corps, organization of which was begun at Mont- 
gomery, and continued at Richmond in May, 1861. Lloyd J. Beall, of 
Richmond, a former officer U. S. A., was appointed commander, with 
rank of colonel; Henry B. Tyler, lieutenant colonel; George H. Ter- 
rett, major ; Algernon S. Taylor in charge of quartfermaster's and com- 
missary's departments, with rank of major; Israel Greene, adjutant, 
rank of major; John D. Simms, captain. The other officers at organi- 
zation were from other States. Richard Taylor Allison, who was 
appointed paymaster with rank of major, the office and rank he had 


resigned in the U. 8. navy, wa« a Kentuckian, and nephew of President 

The corps served in and around Richmond in the summer of 1862. 
lt« service in the battle of Drewry's Bluff has been already noted. 
8oon after, the corps was broken up into detachments, some of which 
guarded land defenses, others served on board ship. Their discipline as 
veteran marines rendered their service of great value when they were 
thus scattered among troops and seamen of less training, but for the 
reason they were thus kept in service through the war no records of the 
corps were or could have been separately made. A detachment was 
engaged in the land and water battles at Mobile; another served in 
the defense of Fort Fisher; others on the cruisers Sumter and Alabama; 
others on the Atlanta, Tennessee, Gaines and other steamers. The 
final stand of that part of the corps left in Virginia was under Captain 
Tucker at Sailors Creek. 


An act providing for a Confederate States Naval Academy was passed 
by the Confederate Congress early in 1862, but it was not until Mai-ch, 
1868, that Secretary Mallory began to wirry out its provisions. Tht» 
steamer Patrick Henry was selected as the schoolship of the academy. 
Capt. John M. Brooke had charge of the establishment of the school ; 
Capt. Sidney Smith Lee was appointed on the board of examiners; 
Lieut. Wm. H. Parker was appointed commandant of the school. In 
the fall of 1863 it went into operation. The cadets found more fighting 
than schooling was before them. The Patrick Henry was most of the 
time stationed at Drewry's Bluff, and in the engagements in that 
vicinity in 1864 the cadets were oftentimes called on to lay dowTi their 
books and take up their arms. There was less of inculcation of theory 
than of actual experience of war. Early in 1865 the protection of the 
bridge over the James at Wilmot was entrusted to the Patrick Henry, 
the school then consisting of sixty cadets and ten officers. On the even- 
ing of April 2d they left Richmond for Danville, guarding the train on 
which was being transported the archives of the Confederate govern- 
ment, and the contents of its treasury. From the 3d to the 9th they 
remained in Danville, then went by rail to Greensboro, North Carolina. 
For nearly a month longer they moved about, by rail and by wagon 
train, to various points in North and South Carolina and in Georgia, 
still giiarding their charge, and seeking for some one authorized to 
receive it. At the close of April they rea€hed Abbeville, South Carolina, 
a second time, and there Lieutenant Parker found President Davis and 
Secretary Mallory. By their ordere he turned over the treasure to the 
acting secretary of the Confederate States treasury. The cadet corps 
was then disbanded, at Abbeville, on May 2, 1865. 







Fort Sumter (South Garolina) April 19 and 18 

Harpers Ferry (Virginia) - April 18 

Streets of Baltimore (Miuryland) April 19 

Camp Jackson (Missouri). • • ..May 10 

St. liouis (Missouri) • • May 10 

Fairfax C. H. (Virginia) -. • June 1 

Philippi (West Vir^nia) - June 4 

Great ^thel (Virginia) June 10 

Ramney (West Virginia)..... June 11 

Vienna (Virginia) June 17 

Booneville (Missouri) ........June 17 

Edwards Ferry (Virginia) June 17 

Independence (Missouri) ..June 17 

New Creek (West Virginia) June 17 

Camp Cole (Missouri) ....June 18 

Patterson Creek, or Eellys Island (Virginia) June 26 

Mathias Point (Virginia) ..June 27 

Falling Waters (Maryland) July 2 

Carthage (Missouri) July 5 

Newport Wews (Virginia). ... July 5 

Middle Oeek Fork (West Virginia) July 6 

Great Falls (Virginia) July 7 

Laurel Hin, or ^aling^n (JVest Virginia) • July 8 

Monroe Station (Missouri) .July 10 

Rich Mountain (West Virginia) July 11 

BarboursviUe, or Red House (West Virginia; .....July 12 

Bererly (West Virginia) July 12 

Carriers Ford (West Virginia) July 14 

Millsville, or Wentzville (Missouri) July 16 

Fulton (Missouri) July 17 

Scaiytown (West Virginia) .....July 17 

Marnnsbuxx (MiflBOon) July 17 



Bunker Hill (Viiginia) ^uly 17 

HarriaonTille and Parkersyille(lCiflsouri).. •••.•••••.••• July 18 and 19 

Blaokburns Ford (Virginia) .July 18 

Bull Run, or Manassas (Virginia).. •• ..July 31 

Forsyth (Missouri) July 22 

^tna (Bfissouii).. ..••..••••••. ••.••• .July 22 

Blue Mills (Missouri) ^uly 24 

Lanes Prairie (Missouri). •• ••.. ..July 26 

Harrisonville (Missouri) ..July 26 

Fort Fillmore (New Mexico) .July 27 

Dug Springs (Missouri) .Aug^t 2 

Mesilla (New Mexico)..... ••.••••.••• .August 3 

Athens (Missouri) .....August 5 

Point of Rocks (Maryland) August 6 

Hampton (Virginia) ...........August 7 

Lovettsnlle (Virginia)..... ...August 8 

Wilsons Creek, or Springfield and Oak Hills (Missouri) .August 10 

Polosi (Missouri) ...Aug^tlO 

Grafton (West Virginia) • ....August 18 

Brunswick (Missouri) August 17 

Charlmtown, or Birds Point(Missouri). ...August 12 

Hawks Nest (West Virginia) August 20 

Lookout Station (Missouri) ............^ ...August 20 

Jonesboro (Missouri) .......August 21 

Cross Lanes (West Virginia)..... .^ •......•August 26 

Ball's Cross Roads (Virginia) .August 27 

Wayne 0. H. (West Virginia) August 27 

Fort Hatteras (North (Tarolina) August 28 

Lexington (Missouri) ....August 28 

MunsonsHill (Virg^ia) .August 81 

Bennetts Mills (Missouri) ..............September 1 

Boone G. H. (West Virginia) September 1 

Dallas (Missouri) September 2 

Worthington, Marion county (West Virginia) .......September 2 

Dry Wood, or Fort Scott (Missouri) September 2 

Bebers Mills (Virginia) .- September 2 

Shelbina (Missoon) .....September 4 

Peterebuig (West Virginia) .September 7 

^amifax Feny (West Virginia) ..September 10 

Lie wins vilie (Virginia) September 11 

Elk River (West Virginia) September 11 

Black River (Missouri) September 12 

Cheat Mountain (West Virginia) September 12 and 18 

Lexington (Missouri) September 12 to 20 

Booneville (Missouri) September 18 

Near Pensacola (Florida) .September 14 

Pritchiurds Mills, or Damestown (Virginia) ^ September 15 

Morristown (Missouri) September 17 

Blue Mills Landing (Missouri) September 17 

ftarbouwville (West Virginia) September 18 

ijexington (Tennessee) Septombeir 18 and 20 

Papinsvillo, or Osceola (Missouri) September 21 and 22 

Elliotts Mills, or Csmp Crittenden (Missouri) September 22 

Romney, or Hanging Rock (West Virginia) .September 23 

r^hapmansville (West Virginia) September 25 



iittCM Bend (Kentadky) Septemoer so 

Shanghai (IfiaKRiri) September 27 

Mansona Hill (Virginia) September 29 

GreenlHier (West Virginia) October 8 

Alimoaa (New Mexico) October 4 

Buffalo Hill (Kentuck J) October 4 

Chicamiooouoo (North Carolina) October 6 

HillaboioCE^entnokj) October 8 

Santa Rosa Island, or Fort PickenB (Florida) October 9 

Oamer<m (Miflsoari) ^..October 12 

rtptonHillCKentacky) October 18 

BayleBCroBi Roads (Louisiana) October 18 

Beckwiths Farm (twelve miles from Birds Point, Missouri) October 18 

West Glaie, or Shanghai, Henrytown, and Mondays Hollow (Mo.).. October 18 

1^ River Bridge (near Potosi, Missouri) October 15 

linn Oreek (Missouri) October 15 

Bolivar Heights (Virginia) October 16 

Warsaw (Missouri) October 16 

F^rederioktown (Ifissouri) October 17 to 21 

Biff Hurricane Creek (Missouri) — October 19 

Biuls BlufiLEdwards Ferry, Etorisons Landing, Leesburg (Va.) October 21 

Wild Cat C^entucky) October 21 

Buffalo Mills (Missouri) October 22 

West Liberty (Kentucky) October 28 

Hodgeville (Kentucky) October 28 

Springfield (Missouri) October 25 

Romney, or Mill Creek Mills (West Virginia) October 26 

Saratoga (E[0ntnoky) October 26 

Plattsburg (Clinton county, Missouri) October 27 

Sprine HiU (Missouri) October 27 

Woodoury and Morgantown (Kentucky) October %^ 

Reniok (Itandolph county, Missouri) : November 1 

little Sante Fe (Missouri) November 6 

Belmont (Missouri) November 7 

Hilton Head, Forts Walker and Beauregard (South Carolina).... November 7 

Galveston Harbor (Texas) November 7 

Piketown, or Ivy Mountain (Kentucky) November 9 

Taylors Ford (Tennessee) November 10 

Guyandotte (West Virginia) November 10 

(Pauley Bridge (West Virginia) .....November 10 

Little 'Blue (Missouri) November 11 

Occoquan Creek (Virginia) ....November 12 

Cypress Bridge (Kentucky) November 17 

Paunyra (Missouri) November 18 

WirtC. H. (West Virginia) November 19 

Pensacola, Fort Pickens (Florida) November28 

Lancaster, (Missouri) ^ November 24 

Johnstown (Missouri) November 24 

Independence (Little Blue, Missouri) November 26 

Drainesville (Vimnia) November 26 

Hunters Mills (V[rginia) November 26 

Black Walnut Creek (near Sedalia, Missouri) November 29 

Morristown (Tennessee) December 1 

Salem (Dent county, Missouri) ....December 8 

Vienna rVirginia) December 8 



Anandal (Virginia).. ...••••........ December 4 

Dunksburff, (liissoori) December 5 

Capture of Beaufort (South Carolina) ..December 6 

Bushj Creek (Arkansas) December 9 

Dam No. 4 (Potomac, Virginia) December 11 

Bertrand (Missouri) December 11 

Bagdad (Shelby county, Kentucky) December 12 

Camp Alleghany, or Buffalo Mountain (West Virginia) December 18 

Rowletts Station, or Mumf ordsyille, and Woodsonville (Kentucky) December 17 

Milford, also 3hawnee or Black Water Mound (Missouri) December 18 

Drainesville (Vir^nia) December 20 

Hudson (Missoun) December 21 

New Market Bridge (near Newport News, Virginia) December %% 

Wadesburg (Missoun) December 24 

Sacramento (Kentucky) December 28 

Mount Zion (Missouri)..... December 28 



Port Royal (Coosa Riyer, South Carolina) ......January 1 

Hunnewell (Missouri) January 8 

Huntersville (Virginia).. ••..... • January 4 

Bath (Virginia) January 4 

Calhoun (Green county, Missouri) January 4 

Blue Chip (near Romney, Virginia) January 7 

Jennies Creek, or Paintsyille (Kentucky) January 7 

Charlestown ^Missouri) January 8 

Dry Forks (Cheat Riyer, West Virginia) January 8 

Gaines Mills (Virginia) January 8 

SUyer Creek (Randolph county, MisBOuri) .January 8 

Columbus (Missouri) ..January 

Middle Creek, and Prestonburg (Kentucky) .January 10 

Mill Springs, Logan's Cross Roads, cr Fishing Creek (Kentucky) ...January 10 

Knob Noster (Missouri) January 22 

Occoquan Bridge (Virginia) .January 29 

Bowling Green (Kentucky) February I 

Morgan county (Tennessee) February 2 

Fort Henry (Tennessee) February 

Linn Creek CLogan county, Virginia) February 8 

Roanoke Island (North Carolina) February 8 

Elisabeth City, or Cobbe I'oint (North Carolina) February 10 

Blooming Gap (Virginia) February 13 

Flat Licks Ford. Cumberland River (Kentucky) February 14 

Marshfield (Missouri) February 14 

Fort Donelson (Tennessee) February 14, 15 and 16 

Bowling Green (Kentucky) February 16 

Sugar Creek, or Pea Ridge (Missouri) February 17 

Indfependence (Missouri) February 18 

Valverdi or Fort Craig (New Mexico) February 21 

Masons Neck (Occoquan. Virj?inia) IIIIIlFebruary 24 

Key tesville (Barry county, Missouri) February 2G 

Sykestown (MiMOuriJ .'."-"".'-"-..March 1 

Pittsburg Landmg (Tennessee) March 2 

New Madrid (Missouri) "'"March 8 

Occoquan (Virginia) llllllllllMaroti 5 


Pm Ridge (AxfaiwaB) liarch 5, 6, 7 and 8 

Fox Greek (Mtnouri) March 7 

Near Nashville (Tennessee) •«•'... March 8 

Mississippi City (Mississippi) March 8 

Mountain Grove (Missouri) March 

Hampton BoadsjfV'irginia) March 

Burkes Station (Virginia) March 10 

Jacksboro, Big Creek Gap (Tennessee) March 10 

Pftris (Tennessee) March 11 

Lezinffton (Lafayette county, Missouri) BCarch 19 

Near Lebanon (Missouri) March 12 

New Madrid (Missouri) March 18 

Newbem (North Carolina) — March 14 

Pound Gap, or Sounding Gtep (Cumberland Mountains, Tennessee) March 14 

Acquia Creek Batteries (Virginia) March 16 

Black Jack Forest (Tennessee) March 16 

Siege of Island No. 10 (Tennessee) March 17-April 7 

Salem (Arkansas) March 18 

Mosquito Inlet (Florida) ^ March 21 

Independence, or Little Sante Fe (Missouri) March 22 

Carthage (Missouri) March 28 

Winchester, orKemstown (Vir^nia) March 28 

Warrensburg, or Briar (Missouri) .March 26 

Humonsville (Polk counter, Missouri) March 26 

Apache Canon (New Mexico) March 26 

Strasburg (Virginia^ March 27 

Middleburg (V ir^ia). — March 2:J 

Warrensburg (Missouri) — March 28 

Union City (Tennessee) March 30 

Putnams Ferry (near Doniphan, Missouri) April 2 

Thoroughfare Ghm (Virginia) ....April 2 

Pass Christian (Mississippi) ...April 4 

Great Bethel (Virginia).... April 4 

Crumps Landing, or AdamsviUe (Tennessee) April 4 

Sie^e of Yorktown Aprils to May 8 

Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing (Tennessee) ..April 8-7 

Reconnoisance on Uie (^orinth Road (Misiissippi) April 8 

Island No. 10 (Tennessee) .April 8 

Owens River (California) April 9 

Fort Pulaski (Georgia) April 10 

Huntsville (Alabama) April 11 

Skirmish before Yorictown (Virginia) .April 11 

Little Blue River (Missouri) .April 12 

Monterey fVirginia) ...April 12 

Pollocksville (North Carolina) ..April 14 

Diamond Grove (Missouri) April 14 

Walkersvilte (Missouri) ....'April 14 

Montavallo (Missouri) .April 14 

Fort Pillow (Tennessee) April 14 

Pechacho Pass (Dakota Territory) April 16 

Peralto(New Mexico) ...April 19 

Savannah (Tennessee) ...April 16 

White Marsh, or Wilmingttm Island ((Georgia) April 16 

Lee's Mills (VimniaO AprU 16 

Holly River rWftst Virginia) April 17 


VlRGmiA AND VlRGimAN^. 455 


Falmoath (near Fredericksburg; Virginia) April 18 

Edisto Island (South Carolina) Apnl 18 

Forts Jackson and St Pbillp, and capture of New Orleans (La.) April 18-28 

Talbots Ferry (Arkansas) .' April 19 

Camden, or South Mills(North Carolina) April 19 

Grass Lick (West Virginia) April 28 

Fort Macon or Beaufort (North Carolina) April 25 

Turnback Creek (Missouri) Apra26 

Neosho (Biissouri) April 26 

Reconnoisance to Lick Creek (Ifississippi) April 26 

Redoubt before Yorktown (Virginia) April 26 

Hortons IdUlls (near Newbem, North Carolina) April 27 

Paint Rocks Railroad Bridge April 28 

Cumberland Mouncain (T^nneeaee) April 28 

Monterey (Tennessee) April 28 

Bridgeport (Alabama) April 29 

Siege of Corinth (Mississippi) April 80 

Clarke HoUow (West Virginia) May 1 

Farmington (Mississippi) May 8 

Licking (Missouri) ..May 4 

Cheese Cake Church (Virginia) May 4 

Lebanon (Tennessee). ..May 5 

Lockridge Mills, or Dresden (Kentucky) May 5 

Williamsburg (Virji^inia) May 6 

West Point, or Ethams Landing (Virginia) May 7 

Somerrille Heights (Virginia) May 7 

McDowell, or Bull Pasture Mc. (Virginia) May 8 

Ulendale (near Corinth, Mississippi) May 8 

Elkton Station (near Athens, Alabama) May 9 

Slatersville, or New Kent C. H. (Virginia) May 9 

Farmington (Mississippi) May 9 

Fort Pillow (Tennessee) May 10 

NorfoUt (Virginia) May 10 

Bioomfield (Missouri). May 11 

Reedy Creek, Qumberland Mountain (West Virginia) May 13 

Rodgersyille (Aiabama) May 18 

Monterey (Tenuessoe) May 18 

Trenton Bridge (North Carolina) May 14 

I^rewrys Bluff (Virginia) May 19 

Linden (Virginia) May 15 

Fort Darling (James river, Virginia) May 15 

Chalks Bluff (Missouri) .May 16 

Butler (Bates county, Missouri) ^ May 15 

Princeton (West Virginia) May 15-16-18 

RuneUs House (before Corinth, Biissisoippi).. May 17 

Searcy Landing (Little Red river, Arkansas) May 19 

Clinton (North Carolina) May 19 

Phillipe Creek (Missouri) May 21 

Florida (Monroe county^ Missouri) May 22 

Near Newbem (North Carolina) May 22 

Lewisburg (Virtonia) May 28 

Front Royal (Virginia) May 28 

Backtoo Station (Virj^inia) May 23 

Fort Cteig (New Mexico) May 28 

Middietown (Virginia) May 24 



Newtown (Virginia) Maj 24 

New Bridge (Virginia) May 24 

Chickabominy (Vir^nia) May 24 

Winchester (yir^ma) • ••••••...May 25 

Hanover C. H. (Virginia) May 27 

Big Indian Creek (near Searcy, ^kansas) •••• May 27 

Osceola (Missouri) May 27 

Cliarlestown and Harpers Ferry (West Virginia) •••••.••••..May 3S 

Cache River Bridge (Arkansas) .May 23 

Wardensville (Virginia) May2J 

Sycamore (Arkansas) • May 28-29 

PocotaliRO (South Carolina) May 29 

Booneville (Blississippi) •..••••.•••.•....• .••...•......May 80 

Tuscumbia Creek (Mississippi).... ••••• •• ...••••...May 80 

Evacuation of Corinth •••••.. •••...••....May 30 

Front Royal (Virginia) May SO 

Neosho (Missouri) •••.. May SO 

Greenville Road (near Washington, North Carolina)... •..••.... May 81 

Fair Oaks* or Seven Pines (Virginia).... ..•••. May 81-June 1 

Seabrooks Point (South Carolina^ .•.•• June 1 

Strasburg and Staunton Road (Virginia). ••........June 1-1 

Legares Point (South Carolina) .•••••.. June 2 

Forts Pillow and Wright (Tennessee) .....•••.... June 8 

Jasper (Swede DS Cove, Tennessee) .....••••••• June 4 

Blackland (Mississippi) ••••...... .••••••••. .June 4 

Tranters Creek (North Carolina) • • June 4 

Memphis (Tennessee) ........••••...•.... June 5 

Harrisonburg (Vir|^nia) •......••••• June 6 

Cross Keys (Virginia)..^.... •••. ....^ ...June8 

Baldwin (Mississippi).. ••.••••...... •• ••.. •••••...June 9 

Port Republic (Virginia) ••• June 9 

James Island (South Carolina) ..June 10 

Monterey (Owen county, Kentucky) ••..•....•••••.. .....June 11 

Waddelis Farm (near Village Creek, Arkansas).. ••...... .......June 12 

Old Church (Virginia) June 18 

James Island (South Carolina) .• •.June 18 

Tunstall Station (Virginia) June 14 

Secessionville, or Fort Johnson (James Island, South Carolina) ...June 16 

St. Charles (White river, Arkansas) June 17 

Warrensburg (Missouri) . •• .••... ........June 17 

Smithville (Arkansas) •• ••... June 18 

Cumberland Gap ......•• ....June 18 

Tallahatchie (Florida) June 18 

Williamsburg Road (Virginia) ...June 18 

Battle Creek (Tennessee) • June 21 

Raceland (near Alters, Louisiana). • •...June 22 

Ravtown (Missouri) ...June 23 

Oak Grove, or Kings School House, or the Orchards (Virginia) June 25 

Germantown (Tennessee) June 25 

Little Red River (Arkansas) .June 25 

Vicksburg (Mississippi) June 28-27-28-^29 

Seven Day Battles June26-July 1 

1st Mechanicsville (Virginia)... June 26 

2d. Gaines Mills, or Cold Harbor, or Chickabominy (Virginia).. June 27-28 
Sd. Sava8:e Station (Virginia) June 29 



4fth« Peach Orchard, or Aliens Farm (Virginia) June 29 

Mi. White Oak Bwamp^ or Glendale, Charles City Gross Roads, 
Nelsons Farm, Fnuders Farm, Turkey Bend^ New Market 

Cross Roads (Virginia), June 80 

«th. MalTem Hill (Virginia) — July 1 

Williamsbridge (Amite wver, Ixraisiana) ••• June 27 

Swift Oeek Bridge (North; Carolina) June 27 

Village Oeek, or Stewarts Plantation (Arkansas) June 27 

Waddells Farm (Arkansas) June 27 

Goldings Farm (Virginia) June 28 

Willis Church (Vir^ia) June 29 

Lnray (Virginia) June 30 

BoonoTille (Mississippi).. ••••• • July I 

Morning SunjTeimessee)....... • •...••• July 1 

RusseUville (Tennessee) July 1 

Milf ord (VimniaV July 2 

Haxals, or £vlington Heights (Virginia) • July 8 

Grand Haze (White River, Arkansas). July 4 

Sperrrrille (Virginia) • July 5 

Grand Praine (near Aberdeen, Arkansas) July 6 

Bayou Qache, or Cotton Plant, Round Hill, Bayou de View, and Hills 

Plantation (Arkansas) July 7 

Black River (Missouri) July S 

Lotspeach Farm (Missouri) July 8 

Clinton (Missouri) July 9 

Hamilton (North Carolina) July 9 

Aberdeen (Arkansas) July 9 

Tompkinsville (Kentucky). ••••.• July 9 

8catcerville(Arkan8aH)..... July 10 

Williamsbuig (Virginia)..... July II 

Pleasant HMi (Missouri) July 11 

New Hope (Kentucky) July 11 

Lebanon (Kentucky) July 12 

Near Culpeper (Virginia) July 12 

Fairfax (n^ Kapidan R. R. bridge, Virginia) July 18 

Marfreesboro (Tennessee) — July 18 

Batesville (Arkansas) July 14 

Attempt to destroy the Rebel Ram Arkansas July 15 

Apache Pass (Arizona Territory) July 15 

Fayetteville (Arkansas) July 15 

Near Decatur (Tennessee) July 15 

C^vnthiana (Kentucky) July 17 

lilemphis (Missouri) July 18 

Guerrilla Campaign in Missouri July 20-September 20 

Turkey Island Bridge (Virginia) July 20 

Pittmans F^rry (Arkansas) July 20 

Nashville (Tennessee) July 21 

Florida, or Boles Farm (Missouri) July 28 

North Anna River (Virginia) July 23 

Columbus ^issoun) July 23 

Cold water (Misinssippi) July 24 

T^nity (Alabama) July 24 

BottaFarm (Monroe county, Missouri) July 24 

Santa Fe (Hissoori) July 24-25 

Brownsville (Hatonie river, Tennessee) July 25 


Orange C. H. (Virginia) July 25 

Courtland Briage (Alabama) July 25 

Mountaia Store and Big Piney (Missouri) July 25-26 

Patten (Missouri) July 26 

Youngs Cross Roads (North Cai'olina) July 26 

Greenville (Missouri) -.^^^Y 26 

Buckhannon (West Virginia) J July 26 

Brown Springs (Missouri) July 27 

Bayou Bernard (Cherokee Nation) July 28 

Moores Mills (Fulton county, Missouri) July 28 

Mount Sterling (Kentucky)— July 29 

Bollingera MUTs (Missouri) July 29 

RusselTville (Kentucky) July 29 

Brownsville (Tennessee) i.July 29 

Paris (Kentucky) July 30 

Cogg^ns Point (opposite Harrison Landing, Virginia) July 8t 

Newai'k (Missouri) August 1 

Osark, or Forsyth (Missouri) August 2 

Orange C. fl. (Virginia) August 2 

Clear Creek, or Taberville (Missouri) August 2 

Coahoma County (Mississippi) August 2 

Austin (Tunica county, Mississippi) August 2 

Sycamore Church (near Petersburg, Virginia) August 3 

Chariton Bridge (Dodge county, Missouri) Augusts 

Jonesboro (Arkansas) Augusts 

Languelle Ferry (Arkansas) August 3 

Sparta (Tennessee) August 4 

White Oak Swamp Bridge (Virginia) ^ August 4 

Eaton Rouge Q[x>ui8iana) August 5 

Malvern Hfll (Virginia) August 5 

Montavallo, or Church in the Woods ( Missouri) August 6 

Beach Creek fVirginia) August 6 

KirksviUe ( Aaair county, Missouri) August 6 

Matapony, or Thornburg (Virginia) August 6 

Tazewell (Tennessee) August 6 

Fort Fillmore (New Mexico) August 7 

Trenton (Tennessee) August 7 

Panther Oeek (Missouri) August 8 

Stockton (Missouri) .August 9 

(^ar Mountain, or Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain, Cedar 

Run, and Mitchells Station (Virginia) August 9 

Nueces Kiver (Texas) i August 10 

Grand River (Missouri) August 10>13 

Taberville (Arkansas) August U 

Independence (Missouri) August 11 

Salisbury (Tennessee) August 11 

WiUiamsportn^ennessee) August II 

Wyoming C.H. (West Virginia) August — 

Kinderhook (Tennessee) August 11 

Helena (Arkansas) August 11-14 

Gallatin (Tennessee) August 12 and 13 

Clarenden (Arkansas) August 18 

Meriwethers Ferry (Obion river, Tennessee) .August 15 

Lone Jack (Missouri) — ..August 16 

Capture of Rebel Steamer Fair Play (near Milliken*s Bend, La.). August 18 

Red Wood (Minnesota) ....August 18 





OlarksTille (Tennessee) • August 19 

Rienzi (Mississippi).. August 19 

White Oak Ridge, (near Hickman, Kentucky) .August 19 

Brandy Station (Virginia) August 20 

Edffefield Junction (Tennessee) August 20 

Union Mills (Biissouri) August 20 

Fort Bidgely (Minnesota) August 20 

Kellys Ford (Rappahannock river, Virginia) ...August 21 

Pinckney Island (South Carolina) August 21 

CourtLand (Tennessee) ...August 22 

Crab Orchard (Kentucky) August 22 

Catletts Station (Virginia) August 23 

Bi^ fiiU (Madison county, Kentucky) August 29 

Skirmishes on the Rappahannock, at Waterloo Bridge, Lee Springs, 

Freemans Ford, and Sulphur Springs (Virginia) August 29-25 

Dallas (Missoun) *. August 24 

(^oon Creek, or Lamar (Missouri) August 24 

Fort ENonelson (Tennessee) August 26 

Bloomfield (Missouri) .,. August 26 

New XJlm (Minnesota) August 25^ 

Cumberland Ironworks (Tennessee) August 

Madisonyille (Kentucky) ..August 

Rienzi and Kossuth (Mississippi). August 

DsAville (Kentucky) August 

Bull Run Brid^ (Virginia)... August 27 

Kettle Run (Virginia) August 27 

Fort McCook (near Bridgeport, Alabama) August 27 

Readyville, Round Hill (Tennessee) .August 28 

Howard County (Missouri) August 28 

Shady SpriDgs (Virginia) August 28 

Oroveton and (jkunesville (Virginia) Auj2:ust 28-29 

Manchester (Tennessee) August 29 

Bull Run, or Second Manassas (Virginia) August 80 

Bolivar (Tennessee) August 80 

McMmnville, or Little Pond (Tennessee) ...AugustSO 

Richmond (Kentucky).. August 80 

Weston (West Virginia) August 81 

Medon, or Toon's Station (Miss. C. R. R., Tennessee)... ^ .«•.... August 81 

Stevenson ( Alabama)......... • ..August 81 

Yates FordJKentucky) August 81 

Chantilly (Virginia) September 1 

Britons Lane (near Denmark, Tennessee) September 1 

Morgansville (Kentucky).... ..». ...September 2 

Plymouth (North Carolina) .September 2 

Vienna (Virginia)..... ....September 2 

Birch Coolie, or Acton (Minnesota) September 2.8 

Hutchinson (Minnesota) September 8-4 

Fort Abercrombie (Dakota Territory) September 9-6 

Slaughterville (Kentucky). Septemb^S 

Qeiger Lake (Kentucky) Septembers 

Big Creek Qap (Tennessee)..... September 4 

Cacapon Bridge (Vimnia) September 6 

Martinsburg (West Yixginia)...... September 6 

Waslungton (North Carolina) • • .September 6 



Lagrange (Arkansas) September 

Poolesyille (Maryland) «....... Septen^ber 7 

ClarksTille. or Ricketts Hill (Tennessee) ,. September? 

Columbia (Tennessee) •••..••..•• ...•••.... Septembers 

Nolansville (Maryland).. • September 9 

Williamsburg (Virginia) September 9 

Des Allemands (Louisiana) September 9 

(>>ld Water, or Ox^hrans (jross Roads (Mississippi) • ....September 10 

Sugar Loaf Mountain (Maryland) September 10 

Fayetteville (West Virginia) September 10 

Malvern Hill (Virginia) September 10 

Cotton Hill (West Virginia) ..September 11 

Bloomfield (Missouri) September 11-18 

Charlestown (near EHk river, West Virginia) September 12 

Frederick (Maryland) September 12 

Harpers Ferry (West Virginia) September 12-15 

Newtonia (Missouri) September 18 

Ponchatoula (Louisiana) September 14 

Turners and Cramptons Ghap (South Mountain, Maryland) September 14 

MumfordsviUe (Kentucky) ..— ^ September 14-16 

Shelbume (Missouri) September 15 

Boonesboro (Maryland). September 15 

Durham ville (Tennessee) : September 17 

Florence (Kentucky) September 17 

Goose Creek andLeesburg Road (Virginia) September 17 

Antietam, or Sharpsburg (Maryland) September 17 

Hickory Grove (Missouri). September 19 

Owensburg (Kentucky) September 19-20 

Inka (Mississippi) September 19-20 

Blackfords Ford (Sbepherdstown, West Virginia) September 20 

Shirleys Ford (Spring river, Missouri) September 20 

Helena (Arkansas) September 90 

Williamsport (Maryland) September 20 

Prentisand Bolivar (Mississippi) September 20 

Cassville (Missouri) ..; September 21 

MumfordsviUe (Kentucky)....... September 21 

Shepherdsville (Kentucky) September 21 

Sturgeon (Missouri) September 22 

Ashbys Gap (Virginia) September 22 

Yellow Medicine, or Wood Lake (Minnesota) September 28 

Wolf Creek Bridge (near Memphis, Tennessee) September 28 

Sutton (Virginia) September 28 

Warrenton Junction (Virginia) September 26 

Cambridge (Missouri) September 26 

Buffalo (West Virginia) September 27 

Augusta (Kentucky) September 27 

Blackwater (Virginia). September 28 

Newtonia (Missouri) September 80 

Russellville (Kentucky) September 80 

Flovds Fork (Kentucky) October 1 

Gallatin (Tennessee) October 1 

Shepherdstown (West Virginia) -October 1 

Olive Hill (Kentucky). October 2 

m (fo 

Mount Washington (Kentucky) October 2 

Baldwin (Mississippi) October 2 

Beconnoisance to Fnuiklin on the Blackwater (Virginia)... October 8 



Corinth (Mississippi) October 8-4 

Bardstown (Kentucky) •••• Octobear4 

BigEUktchie River, or Metamora (Mississippi) Octobers 

Glasp;ow (Kentucky) Octobers 

MadisonviUe (Kentucky) • Octobers 

Charlestown fWest Virnnia) Octobers 

Liberty and Sibleys Landing (Biissouri) Octobers 

Springfield to near Texas (Kentucky) Octobers 

IJaVergne (Tennessee) .,. October 7 

PerryviUe. or Chaplin Hill (Kentucky).' Octobers 

Lawrenceour^, or Uogwalk (Kentucky) October 9 

Aldie rVirginia) October 9 

Harrodsburg (Kentucky) *. October 10 

Upper Missouri River October 10 

LaGrange (near Helena, Arkansas) October 11 

Cape Fear River (North Carolina) .October 11 

Mouth of Monocacy (Marvlancl)*. October 11 

Stanford, or Lancaster (Kentucky) October 14 

Hasel Bottom (Missouri) October 14 

Apalachicola River (Florida) October 15 

Carsville (Virginia) October IS 

Charlestown (West Virginia) October IS 

Lexington (Kentucky) October 17 

Thoroughfare Oap (Virginia) .October 17 

Helena (Arkansas) .October 18 

Haymaiket rVimnia) October 18 

Near Nashville (Tennessee) October 20 

Anxvois River (Missouri) October 20 

Marshfield (Missouri) ^ October 20 

Lovettsville (Loudoun county, Virginia) October 21 

Wood ville (Tennessee)... .October 21 

Fort Cobbandian Territory) October 21 

Old Fort Wayne, or Maysville (Arkansas) October 22 

Hedgeville (Virginia .- ..October 22 

Pocotaligo, or Yemassee (South Carolina) ...October 22 

Waverly Station (Tennessee) October 28 

Shelby Depot (Tennessee). October 28 

Point Lick and Big Hill Road (Kentucky) October 28 

Manassas Junction (Virginia) ...October 24 

Catletts Station (Virginia) October 24 

Qrand Prairie (Missouri).. .....••• ..October 24 

Blackwater (Virginia) October 24 

Morgantown (Kentucky)......... ..October 24 

Pittmans Ferry (Missouri) — October 27 

Labadiesville, or Thibodeauxville or Georgia Landing (Louisiana).. October 87 

Ooss Hollows, or Oxford Bend (FayettevDle, Arkansas) October 28 

Clarkson (Missouri) ..October 28 

Williamsburg (Kentucky) October 28 

Butler and Osage, or Islimd Mounds (Missouri) .............October 29 

Aldie fViigmia). .October 81 

Franklin (Virginia) .....^ October 81 

Philomont(Vimnia) ..^.. ....November 1 

Snickers Gap (Virginia)...... November 2 

m5>oiififl^i<^ and Union (Loudoun county, Virginia).. .....••... .November 2-8 


dpperrflle (Viigiiiia)............ ..•.••••••...••.••.• Noyembor • 

Rawles Mills, or little Creek (Williamston, North Carolina) November 8 

Ba7ooTeche(iiearBra8hear, LoulBiana).... ••••.. November 8 

Hurrisonville (C^»8 coonty, MisBoori).. • November 8 

Lamar (ll3880iiri|^ •••....... November 6 

Manawnw Qap Cviiviiiia).... .....November 6 

Barbees Cro« Boads, Chester Gap and ICarkham (Virginia) November 6 

New Baltimore. Salem, and Thoroughfare Ghip (Virginia) November 6 

Greenville Boad (Eentooky)..... • November 6 

NashviOe (Tennessee) •..•......•• ..........November 6 

Leatherwood (Kentucky)..... ...•••.•... November 6 

GarrettsbniK (Kentnckj)......... ~. ...November 6 

Rheas Mills (Arkansas)................. w. November 7 

Big Beaver Greek (Missouri) November 7 

M&ana and La Grange (Arkansas) November 7 

Rappahannook Bridge (Virginia) November 8 

Hudsonville, or Coldwater (MiasJssippi)... November 8 

Fredericksbnrgr (Vir|rinia) November 9 

Moorefield, or South Fork Potomac (Virg^ia) November 9 

Perry CcmnW (near Kentucky river, Kentucky) s.. November 9 

Huntsville (Tennessee) ..a^... November 11 

Newbem, or Batchelors Creek (North Carolina) November 11 

Lebanon, or LaGrange (Tennessee). November 11 

Lamar and Holly Springs (Mississippi) November 18 

Fayetteville, White Sulphur Springs, Little Washington ( W. Va.).November 16 

Gloucester (Virginia). November 17 

Cove Creek (North Carolina)... November 18 

Rural Hills (Tennessee) November 18 

Bayou Bontecar (near Fort Pike, Louisiana) November 31 

Beaver Creek (Texas county, Missouri) .November 24 

Camp Babcock (Arkansas) November 85 

Crawford Coun^i Missouri November 25 

Cold Knob Mountain, Sinking Creek, or Frankfort (Virginia) November 20 

Snmmerville (Mississippi)... , November 20 

Carthage (Arkansas) November 27 

Scrougesville and LaVergne (Tennessee) November 87 

Oane Hill« Boston Mountain and Boonesboro (Arkansas) November 28 

lattle Bear Creek (Alabama) November 28 

Hartwood Church (Vir^nia) November 28 

Cold Water River (Miseossip];)!) November 28 

Waterford and Lumpkins Mills (Blississippi). November 29-80 

Reconnoisance to Smckers Ferry and Berry vUle (Virginia) November 80 

Charlestown and Berry viUe (Virginia) ^.. . December 1 

Franklin (Virginia) December 8 

KingGeorgeC. U. (^^ginia) December 8 

Ozark (Missouri)..... December 8 

Oakland (Mississippi).... December 8 

Oxford (Mississippi) December 8 

Wiremans Shoals (Big Sandy river, Kentucky) December 4 

Water YaUey (Mississippi) December 4 

Coffeeville (Mississippi) December 5 

Helena (Arkansas) December 5 

Reeds Mountain (Arkansas) December 6 

Lebanon (Tennessee) December 6 



Ptairie OroTe, or Fayettetrille and nUnoii Crtek (Arkansas) December 7 

HartsTille. (Tennessee) • December 7 

Dobbins Ferry, or La yergne (Tennessee) December 9 

Brentrille (Tennessee) ..•••..• December 9 

Little Bear Creek (Alabama) December 19 

Zuni (near Blackwater, Virginia) December If 

Trenton (North Ciarolina) — ..^ December 19 

IVanklin (Tennessee) December 19 

Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro (North Carolina) December 19-18 

Fredericksburg (Virginia) December 13 

South West QSieek (North Carolina) December 18 

Kingston (North Carolina) December 14 

Fort Brown Bead (Texas) December 14 

WhitehaU(North (Carolina) December 16 

Goldsboro QJTorth Carolina) December 17 

Lexington (Tennessee) December 18 

Jackson, or Salem Cemetery (Tennessee) December 18 

Oocoquan(Dumfdes, Vir^nia)... December 19 

Holly Springs (Mississippi) December 90 

Trenton (Tennessee) December 90 

Davis' Mills, Wolf Rirer (Mississippi) - December 91 

Isle of Wight a H. (Virrinia) December 99 

MiddlebuiK (IfiBsissippi Central B. B.) December 94 

Glasgow (Kentucky) December 94 

Greens ChapelOECentuoky) •• December 95 

Bear Wallow (Kentucky) December 95 

Bacon Creek (Kentuolnr) December 96 

Noiensrille, or Knob (tap (Tennessee) December 96 

Blisabethtown (Kentucky) December 97 

Dumfries (Virginia) December 97 

Muldraujriis Bill (Kentucky) December 98 

Suffolk (Virginia) December 98 

Dripping 8prings(near Van Buren, Arkansas) December 98 

EUc Fork ((Campbell county, Tennessee) December 98 

Occoquan (Vix^inia) December 98 

Clinton (Louisiana).. • December 98 

Chickasaw Bayou (Vicksburg, Mississippi) December 28 and 99 

Stewart Creek (Tennessee) December 99 

Wautauga Bridge, and Carters Station (Tennessee) ..December 80 

Parkers Cross Beads, or Bed Mound (Tennessee) December 80 

Jefferson (Tennessee) December 80 

Btooa BiTar^ or Murfraeiboro (Tennessee).Deoember 80, 1869— Januaiy 1, 1868 


ChdTestOD (T^nouj) January 1 

Stewarts Creek (Tennessee) January 1 

La Vergne (Tennessee) January 1 

La Orange (Arkansas) January 8 

Moorefleid (West Virginia) January 8 

Middletown (Teraessee) January 5 


_ .••••••••••••••••••••.. ..•••••••January 

fipkor O^euMnee) January 8 

Hardy Coun^ (West Vuginia) January 5 

Springfield (lunouri) January 7 and 8 


01,1) Cni,()M.\L STOVE 

Miiili.' iti {.uuduii in 1770, by Ituziif^lo, aiul i'iim' 
Duke of lieaufort to tlie Brut Virgiiii 
HouHe ot Burgetwes. 


CatfeMi Station (Virgfiiia)..'.... — — ••••••••••••••.Janiiarj 1€ 

Hatteras and Alabama (off the coast of Tezaa)................— ... Janoarj 11 

Fort Hindman (Arkansas Post, Arkansas)'.. ....••.••.••••••••••••. Janiuuy 11 

Hartsrille, or Woods Fork (Missouri) Janoarj 11 

Liok Greek (Arkansas) Januaiy 1% 

Bavoa Techejf Louisiana) •••••. ...••...Janiiaiy 14 

Helena and Clarendon Road (Arkansas) ...•...•....«.•... ^anoaiy 15 

Duvals BlufT and Des Arcs (Arkansas) .•.•••.••.... Janiiaiy 16 

Pollocksville and North East River (North Carolina) ••..••••..Jannary 17 

Barret Ordinary (Virginia) • ••.... ..January 19 

Fish Springs (Tennessee) ••••• January 88 

Woodbury (Tennessee) January 84 

Construction Train, near Murfreesboro CTennessee) ....January 85 

Township (Florida) .....January 86 

Bear River (Washington Territory) ....January 86 

Indian Village (Placquemine Bayou, Louisiana) January 87 

rinos Altos (Arizona Territory) January 88 

Dyersburg (Tennessee) January 80 

Deserted House, or CassviUe and Eellys Store (near Suffolk, Virginia). January 80 

Rover (Tennessee) January 81 

Middleton (Tennessee) ....January 81 

Off Charleston Bar (South Carolina) January 81 

Fort McAlister (Genesis Point, Georgia) ...February 1 

Franklin (Tennessee).. ....February 1 

Mingo Swamp (Missouri) ....February 8 

Fort Donelson, or Cumberland Iron Works (Tennessee) February 8 

Batesville (Arkansas) February 4 

Bear Creek (Johnson county, Missouri) February 5 

Williamsburg (Virginia) February 7 

Independence (Missouri) ....February 8-8 

Lebanon (Tennessee) ....February 8 

Sunimerville (Virginia).... ....February 8 

Old River, Lake Providence (Louisiana) .February 10 

Gloucester Point (Virginia^ ..February 10 

Wachita Indian Agency (Texas) ...February 10 

Bone Yard (Tennessee)...... ..................February 10 

Smithfield (Virginia) February 18 

Bolivar (Tennessee) February 18 

Brentsvilie (Virginia) February 14 

Gk>rdons Landing, Red River (Louisiana) .................February 14 

Cainsville (Tennessee) ...................February 16 

Kolensville (Tennessee)-—. February 16 

Arkadelphia (Arkansas) ...............February 16 

Romney (near Virginia) .,... ..February 16 

Hilton (Tennessee) February 18 

Spring River (Missouri) I.February 18 

Cold Water (Mississippi) February 18 

Yazoo Pass (Mississippi) February 80 

Prairie Station riiississippl) February 81 

Tuscumbia (Alabama) ^ February 88 

Deer Creek (near Greenville, Mississippi) February 88 

Athens (Kentucky) ,. Febniai7 88 

Mississippi River (below Vicksburg) Febroary 84 

Hartwood OhuToh (Virginia) TFebroary 85 



Straslmrg Boad (Virffinia) ..^ Febnitfy M 

Near Newbem (Nartn Carolina) February 37 

Bradjville(Teiine88ee) ...•....•.• Ifarch 1 

EagleTiUe(Tenne88ee)... llarch % 

Petersburg, Chapel HUl, and Harpeth Rirer (Tennessee) • March IM 

Fort McAIister (Genesis Point, Georg:ia) .March 8 

Owens Valley March 8 

Bkeets, or Swans Headquarters (North Carolina) .* March 4 

Thompsons Station, or Springhill and Union ville (Tennessee).. March 4 and 6 

Fairfax C. BL (Virrinia) March 8 

Bolivar (Tenn osooe ) March 9 

Franklin (Tennessee) March 9 

Covington (Tennessee) . March 10 

Ruthorfords Creek (Tennessee) liarch 10 

ParisCEentucky) March 11 

Fort remberton (Greenwood, Mississippi) March 18-April 6 

Berwick City (Louisiana) March 18 

Fort Hudson (MissisBippi River, Louisiana) March 14 

Newbem (North Carolina) March 14 

Expedition up Steeles Bayou (Mississippi) ..March 15-28 

Blackwater (Virginia) March 17 

KellvB Ford (Virginia) March 17 

Brashear City (Louisiana) '. ^ March 18 

Vanghts Hill (near Milton, Tennessee) March 20 

Salem Pike (near Murfreesboro, Tennessee) March 81 

College Grove (Tennessee) March 81 

Deer Creek (liiiwissipgi) ^ March 81 

Blue Springs (Missouri) ....March 88 

Mount Bteriing (Kentucky) March 88 

Danville (S[entuckv) Biarch 84 

Ponohatonla (Louisiana) • March 84 

Brentwood (Tennessee) March 85 

Franklin and Little Harpeth (Tennessee) .March 85 

Pattersonville (Louisiana) March 88 

HurricNie Bridge (West Virginia) March 28 

Amite River (Louisiana) March 88 

Somerville (Tennessee) March 89 

Expedition to Jacksonville (Florida) March 89 

Williamsburg (Virnnia) March 89 

Tahliquah (Indian Territory) March 80 

Massacre on the Steamer Siam Gaty at Sibleys Landing (Missouri) March 80 

The Island (Missouri) March 80 

Duttons Hill« or Somerset (Kentucky) March 80 

Point Pleasant (West Virginia) March 80 

Richmond, or Rpund Away Bayou (Louisiana) March 80 

Washineton (North Carolina) March 80 to April 4 

Chalk iSuil (Arkansas) April 1 

Broad Run (Virginia) April 1 

Little Rook Road (Arkansas) April 8 

Woodbury and Snow Hill (Tennessee) April 8 and 8 

OanoQ county (Arkansas) ^ ....April 4 

Madten (Arkansas) ^V^ ^ 

Black Bayou Expeaition (Mimissippi) Apru5-10 

Bombardment ox Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, or Stone Inlet (S. C.) April 7 
8t Francia coun^ Oiissonri) April 8 



0nMid RiTer (South Ctrolliim)......... April 8 

Bast FMoagoula (Mi08iBBipni) April 9 

BUnuts MiUs (North Caiolma) April 9 

WaTerlj (Tenneesee).: • April 10 

Franklin and Harpeth River (Tennessee) April 10 

Antioch Station (Tennessee) April 10 

Whittakers Mills (near WilUamsburK, Virginia) April 11 

Irish Bend and Bisland, also Bajon Teche, Indian Ridge and Center- 

▼ille(Loaifdana) ••• April 12-14 

Siege of SofFolk (Virginia) April 10-MaT 4 

West Branch ana Nansemond (Virginia) April 14 

Spanish Fork Canon (Utah Territory) • April 16 

Pikeville (Kentucky) April 15 

Dunbars Plantation (Louisiana) ~ April 15 

Running the Vicksburg Batteries • April 16 

Medelia, or South Branch of the Wattonwan (Minnesota) AprU 16 

South Quay (Virginia) April 17 

Bear (Treek, Cherokee Station and Lundys Lane, or Hillsborough (Ala.), April 17 

Bayou Vermillion (Louisiana) ..April 17 

Greerson'a Expedition from Lagrange, Tennessee, to Baton 

Rouge, Louisiana ...••.... - • April 17-May 9 

Hernando (Mississippi)......... • April 18 

Sabine Pass (Texas) April 18 

Fayetteville (Arkansas) April 18 

Battenr Huger (Hills Point, Virginia) April 18 

New Albany (Mississippi).... April 19 

Coldwater (Mississippi).......... ..April 19 

Celina (Kentucky) • April 20 

Patterson (Missouri) .p,.... April 90 

McMinnville (Tennessee). • ............April 20 

Bute La Rose (Louisiana) April 2^1 

Palo Alto (Mississippi) April 91-28 

Tomtddnsville (Kentucky) • April 92 

Strasburg Road (Vir^^inia) April 92 

Chuckatuck (Virgima) .....April 23 

Tuscumbia (Alabama) April 24 

Beverly (West Virginia) April 24 

White RiTer (Missouri). April 24 

Little Rock Landing (Duck River Shoals, Tennessee) April 24 

Greenland Gap (West Virginia) April 25 

Cape Girardeau (Missouri)........ April 26 

Franklin (Tennessee) April 27 

Streight's Raid from Tuscumbia, Alabama, to Rome, Georg^. April 27-May 8 

Stoneman's Raid (Virginia) April 27-May 8 

Howes Ford, or Weavers Store (Kentucky) April 28 

Dover Road (North Carolina) April 28 

Town Creek (Alabama) April 28 

Union Church (Mississippi) April 28 

Castor River and BloonSfield (Missouri) April 99 

Fairmont (West Virginia) Aiiil 99 

Grand Gulf (Mississippi). April 99 

Fitshughs Crossing (Rappahannock River, Virginia) April 99 and 80 

Spotsylvania C. H. (Virginia) April 80 

Snyders BluflF f Mississippi) , AnrilSO 


Chalk Bluff and St. Francis River (Missouri) April 80-Maj t 

Days Oap, Sand Mountain, Black Warrior Creek, also Drivers Gap and 

Crooked Creek (Alabama) April SO-Maj 1 

Port Gibson, or Thompsons Hills, and Magnolia Hills (Mississippi) May 1 

Chancellorsville (Virginia) May 1-4 

LaGrange (Arkansas) May 1 

Monticeflo (Kentucky) May 1 

Soutii Quay Bridge, Nansemond River (Virginia) May 1 

Tickfaw River (Mississippi) May 1 

Rapidan Station (Virginia) May 1 

Louisa C. H. (Virginia) May 1 

Blounta Farm (Alabama) May 2 

Warrenton Junction (Vir^nia) May 8 

Nansemond River (Virginia) May 8 

Forty Hills, or Hankinsons Ferry (Mississippi) May 8 

Shannon Hill (Virjpnia) May 4 

Tunstall Station (Virginia) May 4 

Tupelo* (Mississippi) May 6 

Civiques Ferry (Louisiana) May 10 

Horse Shoe Bend, or Greasy Creek (Kentucky) May 11 

Mount Vernon (Arkansas) May 11 

Linden (Tennessee) :.May 13 

Fourteen Biile Creek (Mississippi). May 13 

Raymond (Biississippi) May 13 

Ponchatoula (Louisiana) • May 18 

Halls Ferry (Mississippi) May 18 

South Union (Kentucky) May 18 

Ja^son (Mississippi) May 14 

Warrenton Junction (Virginia) May 14 

Camp Moore (Louisiana) May 16 

CarsviUe and Suffolk, or Holland House (Virginia) May 16 and 16 

Garthi^ (Missouri) May 16 

Piedmont Station (Virginia) May 16 

Cripple Oeek, or Bradysville (Virginia) May 16 

Champion Hills, or Bakers Creek, and Edwards Station (Mississippi)... May 16 

Berrys Ferry (Virginia) May 16 

Big Black River (Mississippi) May 17 

Fayetteville (West Virginia)... May 17-20 

Sherwood (Missouri) May 18 

Attack by Guerillas on the Transport Crescent City (near Island No. 83).May 18 

CarsvUle (Virginia) May 18 

Siege of Vicksburg (Mississippi) May 18-July 4 

Winchester (Virginia) May 19 

Richfield (Clay county, Missouri) _ May 19 

Forti Gibson and Blount (L[idian Territory) May 30 

Second assault on Fortifications at Vicksburg (Mississippi) May 30 

Glendenins Raid (below Fredericksburg, Virginia) May 30-38 

Middleton (Tennessee/ May 31 

Plain Stores (Port Hudson Plains, Lousiana) May 31 

Gum Swamp (North Carolina) May 23 

Batchelors Creek (North Carolina) May 28 

Beaver Dam Lake (near Austin, Mississippi) May 38 

FIshine Creek (Hartford, Kentucky) May 35 

Polks plantation (near Helena, Arkansas) May 35 

Franklin (Louisiana) •••••. May 85 

Ssoatobia (MisBisBippi) May 36 


lAkePn)Tidence(Lous]ana). .........May 

Florence (Alabama) May 97 

Siegmof Port Hudson (Louisiana) May 27-Jaly 9 

Busny Creek, or Little Black River (Missouri; May 38 

Mechanicsville (Mississippi) May 29 

Greenwich (Virginia) ......May 30 

Rocheport (Missouri) ....... June 1 

Clinton (Louisiana) June 4 

Mechanicsbnrg and Sartoria (Mississippi)... ..June 4 

Frying Pan (Virginia) June 4 

SVanklin (Tennessee) June 4 

Bluff ton (South Carolina) June 4 

Franklins Crossing (Rappahannock River, Virginia) .«. June 6 

Murfreesboro (Shelby viile, Tennessee) .......June 6 

Shawneetown (Kansas) June 6 

Berryville (Virginia) June • 

Millikens Bend, or Ashland (Louisiana) June 6-8 

Fort Lyons (Viiginia) June • 

Monticello and Rocky Qap (Kentucky) June 9 

Beverly Ford and Brandy Station (Vii^ginia)... June 9 

Triune (Tennessee) June 9 

Lake Providence (Louisiana) .. June 10 

State Creek (near Mount Sterling, Kentucky) June 11 

Port Hudson (Louisiana).... June 11 

Seneca (Biaryland) June 11 

MiddletownYVirginia) .• June 11 

Berryville (Virginia) June 18 

Winchester (Virginia) June 18-16 

Wilsons Creek (near Boston, Kentucky) June 18 

Martinsburg (Virginia) June 14 

Second Assault on Fortifications at Fort Hudson (Louisiana) June 14 

Richmond (Louisiana)... June 16 

TriplettB Bridge (Fleming oounly, Kentucky) June 16 

Jomado Del Muerto (New Mexico)..... ..June 16 

Orleans (Indiana) June 17 

Aldie (Virginia) June 17 

Westport (Missouri) June 17 

Capture of the Atlanta... .......June 17 

Plaquemine (Louisiana) June 18 

Blue Island ^near Leavenworth, Indiana) . .June 19 

Middleburg (Virginia) June 19 

Rocky Crossing (Tallahassee River, Mississippi) ^ June 90 

Oreencastle (Pennsylvania) ;..June90 

Warm Springs (Fort McRae, New Mexico) 1 ..June 20 

Pawnee Reservation : June 20 

Jacksons Cross Roads (Louisiana) .June20 

Hernando (Mississippi).. .June 20 

La Fourche Crossing, or Thibodeaux (Louisiana) June 20-21 

Upperville (Virginia).. June 21 

Low Creek (West Virginia). June 91 

Hills Plantation (Mississippi) June 20 

Cypress Bend (Mississippi)...... June 22 

Brashear Ci^ (Louisiana) ..^ June 28 

Bosecrans' Campaign from Murfreesboro to Tullahoma (Tennessee) . .June 28-80 
Middletown (Shelbyrille Pike, Tennessee) June 24 


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HooTen C}ap (Tehneesee) , .....Jane 34 

McCk>nnell8DurK(PeBii87lTaDia).... June 34 

Chakapoola Station (Louisiana)' June 24 

Liber^Ghip, or Beech Grove (Tenneaeee) June 25 

Fort Hill (Vicksburg, Mississippi). June 25 

South Anna (near Uanover C. H., Virginia) June 2ft 

Baltimore Cross Roads (Virginia) June 2« 

Fairfax (Vir^Cinift)*--—^. - ---- .- - June 27 

Beaver Creek (Floyd county, Virginia). . ...—. ..*- June 27 

Guys Oap and Sbelbyville (Tennessee). June 27 

I>onaldsville(Lopi8iana).... ....:...w-.»-. -... - June 28 

Fort Hill fVicksDurg, MiflBi^sippi) , June 28 

MoConnelisburg(Penii6ylyania)...^.....k.. ,..-- ^. June 29 

Westminster (Maryland).... 1... ^ - --, June 29 

Lake Providence (^Louisiana) '. ..-..- June 29 

Sporting HiU (near fiUtrrisburg, Pennsylvania).. ...^ June 90 

j^mover (Pennsylvania). .-.. June 80 

Bavou Tensas (Louisiana). •.•••...... ^.... ..June 80 

Tullahomo (Tennessee)^..... , - July 1 

Gettysburg (Pennsylvinia) July 1-8 

Black River (at Messengers and Bndgeport Ferries, Mississippi) July 1-2 

Cabin Creek (Indian Territory).. July 1-2 

Morgan's raid into Ohio. Kentucky and Indiaiia ^July 1-26 

Baltimore Cross Roads (Virginia). •.^.... July 2 

Elk River (Tennessee);. .p —: July 2 

Bottoms Bridge fVitgynia) ...., July 2 

Beverly (West Virginia) July 2 

Marrowbone, or Burksville (Kentucky) July 2 

Sprhigfield Landing (Loi;isiana)..^ - July 2 

Fairfield (Pennsylvania) July 8 

Columbia (Kentucky) - July 8 

University Place (Tennessee) --- - July 4 

Green River Bridge, or Tebbs Bend (Kentucky) .' ^ July 4 

Bolton A; Birdson^ Ferry (Big Black River, Biississippi) July 4-5 

VicksburgYMississippi).. ^..I ^ July 4 

Helena (Arkansas) .* July 4 

Monterey Ghip and Smithsburg (Biaryland) July 4 

Fairfield (Pennsylvania) .* * - July 5 

Lebanon (Kentucky) ......u July 5 

Pound Gap Exp^ition (Tennessee) July 

Quaker iBndge or Comfort (North Carolina) July 

Hagerstown (Maryland)...--. , July 

WiUiamsport (Maryland)... July 6 

Jones Ford (Black River, Mississippi)... July 6 

luka (Mississippi). July 7 and 

Boonsboro (Miuyland) July 7 and 

Grand Pass (Fort Halltek, Indian Territory) July 7 

Redwood Creek (California) July 7 

Convidescent Corral (hear Corinth, Mississippi). July 7 

Harpets Ferry Bridge (West Virginia). July 7 

Brandenburg (Kentucky) July 8 

Port Hudson (Louisiana).)...—. • .w July 9 

Corydon (Biaryland) July 9 

Jackson (Mississippi) Julv9-16 

Fort Wagner (Morris Island, South Carolina) July 10-Septemoer 6 



on Fort Wagner July lO-U 

Union City (Tenneasee) Joly 10 

Big Creek (Arkansaa) July 10 

Hagerekown (Maryland) Joly 11 

Fonkstown (liaryland) ..July 18 

Yemon (Indiana) •• July 18 

AahbyGap (Virgiida) July 18 

Taaoo Ci^ (MiflBiasippi) July 18 

Jackson (Tennessee) .July 18 

DonaldsonTiUe^ or Kodc's Plantation (Louisiana). . .w. July 18 

Draft Riots (New York City) July 18-15 

Lawrenceburg (Ohio) July 14 

Falling Waters (liaryland) July 14 

Elk Biver (Tennessee). July 14 

Shady Spring (West ViMdnia) July 14 

Near Bolivar Heighto (Virginia) July 14 

Pulaski (Alabama) July 15 

Halltown (Yirginia) July 16 

Jackson (Mississippi) • .July 10 

Sheppardstown (Virginia) July 16 

8eceB8ionTille» James Island. (South Carolina) July 16 

Honey Spring^ (Elk BiTer« uidian Territory) July 17 

Brandon (Miwissippi) •••••....•••. July 18 

Rio Hondo (New Mezio^ July 18 

Second assault on Fort Wagner (South (Carolina) ..July 18 

WytheTille (West Yirginia) July 18 

Canton (liississippi) July 18 

Raid, Tar Biver and Bocky Mount (North Carolina)..; July 18 

Buffington Island, or St. George's Creek (Ohio) July 18-81 

Manassas Gap (Yirginia) July 21 

Chester Gap (Yireinia) July 21-28 

Concha Springs (New Mexico) .July 28 

Wapping Heighte, or Manassas Gap (Yirginia) July 28 

Big Mound (Dakota Terxitoxy) July 24 

New Lisbon (Ohio) July 26 

Dead Buffalo Lake (Dakota Territory) July 26 

Pattacassey Creek, or Mount Tabor (;huroh (North (>arolina) July 26 

Harshali (Missouri) July 28 

Richmond and Lexington dS^entucky) July 28 

Cold Water (Mississippi) .July 28 

Stony Lake (Dakota Territory) July 28 

St Catherines Creek (near Natches, Mississippi) July 28 

Paris (Kentucky) July 29 

Irvine (Estill county, Kentucky) July 80 

Saline county (Missouri) July 80 

Missouri BiTer (Dakota Territory) July 80 

Rappahannock Station, Kellys Ix)rd and Brandy Station (Yirginia). .August 1 -8 

JacCson (Louisiana) August 8 

Dutch Gap (James Birer, Yirginia) August 6 

Waterfori (Virginia) ., Auguat 7 

New Madrid (iGssouri) August 7 

Sparta (Tennessee) August 9 

CFrenada (MississippO August 18 

PineWlle (Missouri) August 18 

West Point (White BiTer, Arkansas) August 14 


P^uotank (North Carolina) .August 18 

Pueblo, Colorado (New Mexico) .August 18 

Lawrence (Kansas) August 21 

Cold Water (Mississippi) August 21 

Chattanooga (Tennessee) August 21 

Coyle Tayem (near Fairfax C. H«» Virginia) .August 24 

King Gteorge county (Vir^ia) August 24 

Waynesville (Missouri) August 25 

Averills Raid in West Virginia August 25-30 

Brownsville (Arkansas)* • August 25-26 

PerryviUe (Arkansas) August 26 

Rocky Gap (near White Sulphur Springs, Virginia) August 26 

Vinegar Uill (Morris Island, South Cai*olina) August 26 

VicksDurg (Mississippi) .August 27 

Clarks Neck (Lawrence county, Kentucky) *. August 27 

Bayou Metoe (Arkansas) August 27 

Maysville (Alabama) ..August 28 

Bottoms Bridge, or Dry Creek (Virginia; August 29 

Austin (Arkansas) August 81 

Bayou Metoe (Arkansas) September 1 

Barbeee Cross Roads (Virginia) September 1 

Devil's Back Bone, or Fort bmith and Cotton Gap (Arkansas)... September 1 

White Stone Hill (Dakota Territory) September 8-6 

Limestone Station (near Telford, Tennessee) September 6 

Moorefield (West Virgmia) September 5 

Brandy Station (Virginia) September 6 

Evacuation of Battery Gregg and Fort Wagner (Morris Island, 

South Carolina) September 7 

Bear Skin Lake (Missouri) September 7 

Aahleys Mill (Arkansas) September 7 

Atchafalaya Kiver (Louisiana) ...September 7 

Baton Rouge (Louisiana) .September 8 

Night attack on Fort Sumter (South Carolina) September 8 

Bath (Virginia) September 8 

Sabine Pass (LK>uisiana) September 8 

Cumberland Gap (Tennessee) September 9 

Webers Falls (Indian Territory) .September 9 

Dudenelle (Arkansas) September 9 

Graysville (G^rgia) September 10 

Little Rock (Arkansas) September 10 

Brimstone Creek (Tennessee) September 10 

Knoxville (Tennessee) September 10 

Rhiggold (Georgia) September 11 

Dug, Alpine, and Stevens Gap, or Davis Cross Roads (Georgia).. September 11 

Moorefield (West Virginia)... September 11 

Waldron ^kansas) September 11 

Sterlings Plantation (Louisiana) September 12 

Texas county (Missouri) September 12 

Paris (Tennessee) September 18 

Culpeper (Virginia) September 18 

Letts Tm Yard (near Chickamauga» Georgia) September 18 

Brownsville (Arkansas) ..^ September 14-10 

BaooQon Fora (Rapidan Station, Virginia) • September 14 

Beneoa Station (Buffalo Creek, Indian Territory) September 14 

(Lottittaaa) ••••••••••••••••.—•••• •••••• September 14 

yiRGlUlA AI^D VincrmANS. 475 


H^idricks (MissisBippi) • September 16 

Smithfield (ViiY?inia) September 16 

Baccoon Ford (Virginia) September 19 

Chickamauga (Georgia) September 19-90 

Bristol (Texmeesee) September 91 

Whites Ford (Virginia) .September 91 

Johnsons Depot rienness^ September 93 

Jack*s Shop (Madison C. fi., Virginia) September 29 

Carters Station fTennessee) September 99 

Blountsvilie (Tennessee) September 99 

Kockville (liaryland) ..September 99 

ZoUicoffer (Tennessee) ...September 94 

Upperville (Virginia)... ....September 96 

Red Bone Church (Missouri) *. .September 95 

Calhoun, or Hague wood Prairie (TenneBsee) September 96 

Moffats Station, or Haguewoods Station (Franklin county, Ark.).. September 97 

McMinnviUe (Tennessee) September 98 

' Sterlings Farm (near Morganzia, Louisiana) September 99 

Swallows Bluff (Tennessee) September 80 

Andersons Gap (Tennessee) ......October 1 

Andersons Cross Roads (Tennessee) October 9 

Thompsons Cove fTennessee) .October 8 

McMinnviUe ^ennessee) October 8 

Murfreesboro Road (Tennessee)... ....October 4 

Newton (Louisiana).... October 4 

Neosha (Missouri) October 4 

Stockade at Stone River (Tennessee) October 6 

Harpers Ferry (West Virginia) October 6 

Near Blue Springs (Tennessee) ...October 6 

New Albamr (Mississippi) October 6 

Glasgow (Elentucky) October 6 

Wartrace (Tennessee) ....October 6 

BiLcter Springs Tnear Fort Scott, Arkansas) October 

Fort Blair (Walaron, Arkansas) October 6 

Como (Mississippi) ..October 7 

Shelby ville Pike (near Farmington, Tennessee) .October 7 

Charlestown (West Virginia) October 8 

Salem (Mississippi) .....October 8 

Warsaw (Missouri) October 8 

Sugar Creek (near Pulaski, Tennessee) .October 9 

Rapidan( Virginia) October 10 

Ingbams Plantation (MississippH October 10 

James City, Rappahannock, or Robertsons Run (Virginia) October 10 

Blue Springs (Tennessee) October 10 

Vermilion Bayou (Louisiana) October 10 

Rheatown CTennessee) October 11 

Hendersons Mills (Tennessee) October 11 

Coilinsville CTennessee) October 11 

Jeffersonton (Virginia) October 19 

Inghams MilljB (near Byhalia, Mississippi) October 19 

Ctupeper, White Sulphur Springs, or Warrenton Springs (Va).. October 19-18 
MerriUs Crossing to Lamtne Crossing, also known as Marshall, Arrow 

Bock, Black water and Jonesboro (Missouri).^. October 19-18 

Wyatt (Tallahatchie, Mississippi) October 18 

Big Black RiTer (Mississippi) October 18 



Kaysrille {Alabama).... October 18 

BloontsTille (TenneaBee) October 13 

BulltownjCBrazton county, Virginia) October 18 

Auburn (Virginia) • October 14 

Bristoe Station (Virginia) October 14 

Salt lick (Virgmia) October 14 

O&nton (Miflsifieippi) October 15 

McLcAns Ford, or Lib^ty Mills (Virginia) October 15 

Hedeeville (Virginia) October 15 

Blackburn Ford (Virginia) October 15 

Brownsville (Mississippi) •••••• October 1&-18 

Cross Timbers (Missouri) October 16 

Destruction of Two Blockade Bunners in Tampa Bay (Florida). October 17 

Clinton (Mississippi) October 17 

Rapidan (Virginia) October 17 

Humansville (Missouri) October 17 

Cbarlestown (West Viiginia) October 18 

Berrysville (Virginia)... October 18 

Buckland Mills (Virg;inia) October 19 

Barton Station (Mississippi) October 20 

Philadelphia (Tennessee) October 20-22 

Cherokee Station (Alabama) ...October 21 

Opelousas (Louisiana) ..October 21 

Beverly Ford and Rappahannock Crossing (Virginia) October 22 

New Madrid Bend (lennessee) October 22 

Supply Train (TuUahoma, Tennessee) October 28 

Bealton and Rappahannock Bridge (Virginia) October 24 

Sweetwater (Tennessee). ...••••. .October 24 

CoUiersville (Tennessee)... ••........ October 25 

Pine Bluff (Arkansas) October 25 

Creek Agency (Indian Territory) October 25 

Cane Creek, or Bear Creek and Tuscumbia (Alabama) .October 20 

Philadelphia (Tennessee) October 2(5 

Vincents Cross Roads, or Bay Springs (Tishamingo county, Miss.)... October 20 

Browns Ferry (Tennessee) October 27 

Wauhatchie (Tennessee) ...October 27 

Clarksville (Arkansas) • ...October 28 

Leipers Ferry (Tennessee) October 28 

Cherokee Station (Alabama) October 29 

Washington (North Carolina) November 1 

Fayetteville (Tennessee) November 1 

Brazios de Santiago (Texas) November 2 

Centreville, and Pme Factory (Tennessee) Novembers 

Grand Coteau, or Bayou Bourbeau and Carrion Crow Bayou (La).. November 8 

CoUiersville (Tennessee) Novembers 

Lawrenceburg (Tennessee).. •• .....November 4 

Moscow (Tennessee) November 4 

Metlys Ford (Little Tennessee river) November 4 

Mill Point (Pooahontas county, West Virginia) November 5 

Kincaels (Tennessee) November 6 

Rogersville (Tennessee) Novembers 

Droop Mountain (Virginia).... November 6 

Rappahannock Station (Virginia) November 7 

KeUys Ford (Virginia) November? 

S(evensbuxg(Vliginia)....«. _ November? 


W«x Portrut in rolievu from the orlgioul. 

Virgiuia Hiatork-ul Sin-k-ty. 



Clarksrine (Aritaiisail) ...••••.• Korember 8 

Muddy Ban (near Ciili>eper, Virginia) • November 8 

Bayoa (Sara (MisBiasippi) November 9 

NatcbeB (MiaBiBBippi) November 11 

Roeeville (Arkanaas) November 12 

Trinity River (Calif omia) November 18 

MiU Creek VaUey (West Virginia) November 18 

Palmyra (Tennessee) November 18 

Huffs Ferry (Tennessee)..... ... November 14 

Rockford Tennessee). November 14 

Marysville (Tennessee) ^ November 14 

Loudon Creek (Tennessee) November 15 

Lenoirs (Tennessee) .November 15 

Holston River (near Enozville, Tennessee; November 15 

Charles City Cross Roads (Virginia). November 16 

Campbell Station (Tennessee) November 16 

Siege of Knoxville (Tennessee) November 1 7~December 4 

Willow Oeek (California) November 17 

Mount Jackson (Virginia) ......November 17 

Mustang Island (near Aranzas Pass, Texas) ..November 17 

Carrion Crow Bayou (Louisiana) November 18 

Union City (Tennessee) November 19 

Waterproof (Louisiana) November 21 

Chattanooga (Tennessee) November 23-25 

Bamwells Island (South Carolina) ..November 24 

Greenville (North Carolina) November 25 

Bonfouca (Louisiana). November 26 

Sparta (Tennessee) .November 26 

Bersheeba Springs (Tennessee) November 26 

Warm Springs (North Carolina) November 26 

Kingston (Tennessee). ..November 26 

Operations at Mine Run (Virginia) November 26-28 

Rmgeold, Greysville, Pea Vine Creek, and Taylors Ridge (Gku).. November 27 

Cleveland (Tennessee) November 27 

Fort Esperanza (Texas) November 27-29 

Louisville (Tennessee^ .' November 28 

Fort Sanders (Knoxville, Tennessee) November 29 

Salyersville (Kentucky) November SO 

Riiuey (Mississippi). December 1 

Walkers Ford (Clinch River, West Virginia) December 2 

Salisbury (Tennessee) December 8 

Niobrera (Nebraska) ..December 4 

Moscow Station, or Wolf River Bridge (Mississippi) December 4 

Clinch Mountain (Tennessee) December 6 

Natchez (Mississippi) December 7 

Creelsboro (Kentucky)..... — December 7 

Celina (Tennessee)...... •• December 7 

Princeton (Arkansas) December 8 

Beans Station (Tennessee)... December 10 

Morristown (Tennessee).... •• December 10 

Moresburg (Tennessee) — December 10 

Duvals Bluff (Arkansas) December 12 

Big Sewell and Meadow Bluff (West Virginia) December 12 

B^ms Station (Tennessee) December 14 

Sangsters Station (Virfcinia) December 15 


BUines Cross Roads (Tennessee) December 16 

Rodney (Ififlsissippi) December 17-34 

Indian Town (North Carolina).... December 18 

Barren ForkO^ndian Territory) December 19 

Cleveland (Tenneasee) ......••••••••• December 22 

Jacksonport (Arkansas).. December 28 

Bolivar and Summerville (Tennessee).,....... December 24-25 

Lafayette (Tennessee) December 25 

Legajsville (Stone Inlet, South Carolina)... ..December 25 

Port Gibson (Mississippi).. •.•••....... December 26 

ColliersviUe^ennessee).... December 27-28 

Charleston (Tennessee) .. ........December 28 

Talbots Station and Mossy Creek (Tennessee) December 29 

Matagorda Bay (Texas) December 29> 80 

St. Augustine (Florida)........ December 80 

Greenville (North Carolina). December 80 

Waldzon (Arkansas) December 80 



Rectortown, or Five Points (Virgi nia) January 1 

Jonesville (Virginia).... w.. January 8 

Fort Sumner (New Mexico) January 4 

MartinaCreek (Arkansas).... ....January 7 

Madi8onTiUe(L(misiana) January 7 

Petersburg (Virginia) January 8 

Tunnans Ferry (Kentucky) January 9 

London Heights (Virginia) January 10 

Strawbernr Plains (Tennessee) January 10 

Mayfield (Kentucky). — January 12 

MoflST Creek (Tennessee) . January 18 

Midoleton p^ennessee) January 14 

Bealton (Virginia) January 14 

Terrisville, Cosby Creek (Tennessee) January 14 

Grand Gulf (Miasiasippi) January 16-18 

Dandridge (Tennessee) January 16-17 

Lewisburg (Arkansas) January 17 

Branch viile, or Ivy Ford (near Pine Bluff, Arkansas) January 19 

Idand No. 78 (Mississippi) January 20 

Tracy City Ql'ennessee) January 20 

Near Dalton (Georgia) January 21 

Armstrong Ferry (Tennessee) January 22 

Rolling Prairie (Arkansas) January 28 

Etaker Springs (Caddo Gap, Arkansas) January 24 

Tazewell (Tennessee) January 24 

Athens (Alabama) January 26 

Florence (Alabama). January 26 

Cameron (Virgin!^ January 27 

Fair Garden, or French Broad and Kellys Ford (near Seviersville, 

Tennessee) January 27 

Sootts Mills Roads (near Knoxville, Tennessee) January 27 

Tnnnell Hill (Georgia) January 28 

Oi^gon Moontaina January 28 


Hedlej (near Williamsport, West Virginia) Jauuarjtt 

Camberland (}ap (Tenneaoee) .January 2f 

Canon de Chellv January — 

Batchelor CreeK, Newport Barracks and Newbem (N. C.) February l-$-8 

Smithfield (Virginia) February 1 

Waldron (Arkansas) , ..Febnutfy 1 

New Oeek Valley (West Vii^nia) February 1 

Expedition up the xaioo (Mississippi) February 1-liarcn 8 

Lebanon (Alabama) February 8 

Liverpool Heights (Mississippi) ....• .....February 8 

Patterson Creek (west Virginia) February 8 

Sprinfl^field fWest Virginia) Februarv 8 

Ebroedition from Vicksbuxg to Meridian (Mississippi) February 8-March 6 

Rolling Prairie (Missouri) February 4 

Hot 8prings(ArKansa8) February 4 

Clhampion Hills, Bakers Creek, Raymond and Bolton Depot (Mis- 

sinippi) February - 

Moorefield (West Virginia) February 4 

Clinton and Jackson (Mississippi) February 8 

Quallatown, or Deep Creek (Morth (}arolina) February 6 

Cape Girardeau (Biissonri) ^ February 5 

Wvatts Qiississippi) February 8 

BollTar (Tennessee) February 8 

Mortons Ford (Virginia) February 8 

Bametts Ford (Virginia) February 7 

Vidalia (Louisiana) February 7 

Morton (Mississippi) February 8 

Donaldson (Louisiana) February 8 

Near Point Washington (Florida) February 9 

Morgans Mills (Spring river. White county, Arkansas) .February 9 

Barbers Place (South Fork, St. Biarys river, Florida) February 9-10 

Smith's Raids from Gtormantown (Tennessee) February 1(^25 

Rook House (Wayne county, West Virginia) February 18 

Caddo Chip and Scotts Farm (Arkansas) ;. •...^February 12 

Lake City (Florida) February 18 

Decatur (Mississippi) February 12 

Chuncky Station (Mississippi) February 12 

Vioksbunr (Mississippi) February 18 

Tunnell Hill (Mississippi) February 18 

Ross Landing (Orand Lake, Arkansas) ...February 14 

Meridian (Mississippi) February 14 

Gainesville 2?o™a) February 14 

Brentsville (Virginia) February 14 

Waterproof (Louisiana) Febraary 14-15 

Lauderdale (Mississippi) February 16 

Marion (Mississippi) February 17 

Loss of the Housatonio February 17 

Grosse Tete Bayou (Louisiana) February 19 

Waughs Farm ^ear Batesville, Independence county, Arkansas) .February 19 

Holston River (Tennessee) February 20 

Oolustee, or Ocean Pond, and Silver Lake (Florida) ..February 20 

Prairie Station (Mississippi) February 20 

West Point (Mississippi) February 21 

Powells River Bridge (Tennessee) February 22 

Cumberland Gap (Tennessee) February 22 



Mulberry Gap. or Wyermans Mills rTennessee^ ....February 22 

Ocalona;, and Mount Ivy, or Ivy Kills (Mississippi) February 22 

Drainsville (Virginia) • ••..... February 22 

Luna Landine (Arkansas) •••......••........•.....•••..February 29 

Wilhnarsh Island (South Carolina) .......••••... February 2S 

Johnsons Mills (White county, Tennessee) ......••.. .•........••.February 22 

Calfluller Creek (Tennessee) February 23 

Buzzanl Roost and Tunnell Hill (Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia).. February 25-27 

Near Canton (Mississippi) February 27-28 

Kilpatrick^s Raid f rom Bteyensbarg to Richmond (Va.) • .February 28-March 4 

DuKedom (Kentucky) •..February 28 

Near Yazoo City ^Mississippi) • • February 28 

Newbem (North Carolina) .• .....February 29 

Tay lorsville (South Anna River, Virginia) February 20 

Stanardsville and Burtons Ford (Rapidan, Virginia) .......March 1 

Brooks Turnpike, Richmond Fortifications^ Virginia) March 1 

Atlee^s, Bidnella Cross Roads (Virgiiiia) March 1 

Near Walkertown (Virginia) March % 

Harrisonburig^ (Louisiana) — March 2 

Tunstall Station (Virginia) March 8 

Rodney (Mississippi) March 4 

Panthers Springs (Tennessee) ..March 6 

Yazoo City (Mississippi) March 5 

Colemans (Mississippi) March 6 

Flint Creek (Arkansas). •••• March 6 

Decatur (Alabama).. .•.••...•• ...March 7 

Suffolk (Virginia) March 9 

Cabletown (Virginia) ...March 10 

Carrolton Store (Virginia) March 18 

Cheeks Cross Roads (Tennessee) liarch 14 

Fort de Russy (Louisiana) March 14 

Clarendon (Arkansas) • March 15 

Fort Pillow (Tennessee).-^ March 16 

Manchester (Tennessee) March 17 

Monticello (Arkansas) March 18 

Calfkiller River (Tennessee) March 18 

Bersheba Springs (Tennessee) March 20 

Henderson Hills, or Bayou Rapids (Louisiana).. March 21 

Union City (Kentucky) March 24 

Fort Anderson (Paducah, Kentucky) .March 26 

Longyiew (Arkansas) • ..•..March 26 

Danville (Arkansas) •.... March 28 

Arkadelphia (Arkansas) March 28 

Charleston (Illinois) March 28 

Bolivar (Tennessee) • March 29 

Mount Elba (Arkansas) March 80 

Gross Tete Biftyou (Louisiana) ....^. ...... March 80 

Natchitoches (Louisiana) J March 81 

Roachs, or Brooks Plantation (near Snydersville, Mississippi) March 81 

Near the Rappahannock (Virginia) April 1 

Fitzbughs Woods (Augusta, Arkansas) .....April 1 

Antoine (Arkansas) .April 2 

Spoonsville (Terre Noire Creek. Arkansas) • • April 2 

Crumps Hill, or Pine Woods (Louisiana) • .April 2 

Cievelaiid (Tennessee) •••••.JLpiil t 


PttiaaooU(Florlda).«..«..« ApriT % 

Okalona (ArkansM)............ • April 8 

Oampti (LouiflianaV April 4 

ElkinB Ford OitUe Hiasoiui BiT«r, Arkansas) April 4-« 

RoeeTille (Arkansas) •••••••••• ,,,-■■ April 6 

Stones Farm (Arkansas) • April 5 

Quicksand Croek (Kentucky). •••• ...April 6 

Wilsons Farm (Louisiana) ....•••.. .April 7 

Hamej Lake valley (Oregon) ....April 7 

Plains Store (near Port Hudson, Louisiana) April 7 

Pembesoott Bayou (near Oaoeola, Arkansas) April 8 

Wolf Riyer (Tennessee) April 8 

Sabine Cross Roads, or MuuAeld and Pleasadt Grove (Louisiana)..... April 8 

Pleasant Hills (Louisiana) April 9 

Prairie IVAnn (Arkansas)... April 10.18 

Little Cacapon (Virginia)......... April 10 

Fort Pillow (Tennessee) April 18 

Flremonts Orchard (near Denver, Colorado Territory) ....April 18 

Pleasant Hill, or Blairs Landing (Louisiana) April 18 

Indian Bay (Arkansas) • April 18 

Florence (Alabama)............. .April 18 

Cleveland (Tennessee) April 18 

Moscow (Arkansas) • April 18 

Paintsville (Kentucky) April 18 

Smithfield, or Cherry Grove (Virginia) April 14 

Half Mount (liagoflBA county, Kentucky).... April 14 

Dutch Mills (Arkanaas) April 14 

Bristoe Station (Virginia) April 15 

Liberty Postofflce (Arkansas) April 15 

Occupation of Camden (Arkuisas) April 15-16 

Kings River (Carrol county, Arkansas) April 16 

ScuUyville (Indian Territory) April 16 

Plymouth (North Carolina) April 17-20 

Decatur (Alabama) • ..April 17 

Poison Springs (eight miles from Camden, Arkansas) April 18 

Boykens Mills (South Carolina) April 18 

Pound Gap (Kentucky) •• April 19 

Natchitoches (Louisiana)... ~ April 19 

Waterproof (Louisiana) ...April 20 

Cotton Plant (Cache River, Arkansas) .April 21 

Red Bone (Mississippi) April 21 

Near Tunica Bend (Red River, Louisiana) April 22 

Swan Lake (Arkansas) ........April 28 

Monete*s Bluff (Cana River, Louisiana) April 23 

Clouteisville (Louisiana) April 28-24 

Nickajaok Trace (Georgia) April 28 

Jacksonport (Arkansas) April 24 

Wautauga Bridge, or Carters Station (Tennessee) April 25-26 

liarks IfiUs (Arkimsas) April 25 

Red River (Louisiana) April 26 

Moro Creek (Arkansas).... ••••... .......April 26 

Alexandria (Louisiana). • April 26 

Offetts Knobb (Missouri) AprU 28 

Princeton (Arkansas)......... ..April 29 

dnia Hilla (Missouri) ^ ^ April 29 

sriCNE ON ST. Jdll.NS ItlVEIt, KI-UltlllA. 


Jenkins Ferry (Saline River, Arkansas) April 

Jacksonville (Florida) ........May 1 

Uudnot Plantation (Louisiana)...... ....May 1 

Ashwood Landing (Louisiana) .May 1-4 

Clinton (Louisiana) May 1 

Near Alexandria (Louisiana) May 1-6 

Memphis (Tennessee) ......May 3 

Governor Moore*s Plantation (Louisiana) ......May 2 

Cedar Bluff (Ck>lorado Territory) May 8 

Bolivar (Tennessee)... ........ •.....• ..May 8 

Red Clay (Ge<.>rgia; May 8 

Baton Rouge (Louisiana) .- ..May 8 

Transport City Belle (near Snaggy Point, Red River, Louisiana) ..May 8 

Richland (Arkansas) ........May 8 

Doubtlul Canon (Arizona Territory) ...•••. May 4 

Tazoo City Expedition (Mississippi) ••.... .May 4-13 

KautE*s Cavalry Raid from Sufifoik to City Point (Virginia) -May 4-12 

Ram Albemarle, Roanoke river (North Carolina) ••..••. ...May 6 

Dunns Bayou, Red river (Louisiana) • • Jday 6 

Wall Bridge (Virginia) • • May 5 

Craigs Meeting House (Virginia) ...May 6 

Wilderness (Virginia) ....••.. •••••..Kay 5-7 

Rocky Face Ridge (Georgia) • May 5-9 

Campaign in Northern deorgia from Chattanooga to Atlanta, 

May 5-September 8 

James River, near City Point (Virginia) .May 6 

Princeton (West Virginia) May 6 

Richmond & Petersburg Railroad, near Port Walthall and Chester 

Station (Virginia) May 6-7 

Benton (Mississippii ..May 7 

Bayou La Mourie (Louisiana) '. ...May 7 

Tunnel Hill (Georgia) May 7 

Mill Creek and Dug Gap (Georgia) May 7 

Stoney Creek Station, Welden Railroad (Virginia) May 7 

Spotsylvania C. H. (Virginia) May 8-18 

Todds Tavern (Virginia).,.- May 8 

Jeffersonville, or Abbs Valley (Virginia) May 8 

Buzzard Roost Gap (Georgia) May 8 

Snake Creek (}ap(Georgia) ..May 8 

Dalton ((Georgia) May 9 

Sheridan's Cavalnr Raid (Virginia) May 9-18 

Jarretts Station (Welden Railroad, Virginia) May 9 

Varnells Station (Georgia). May 9 

Childsbury (Virginia) May 9 

Swift Creek, or Arrowfield Church (Virginia) May 9-10 

Cluyds Mountain and New River Bridge (Virginia) May 9-10 

Cove Mountain, or Grassy Lick (Virginia) Mav 9-10 

Beaver Dam Station (North Anna, Virinma) May 9 

Ground Squirrel Church Bridge (South Anna, Virginia) May 10 

Dardanelle (Arkansas) May 10 

Ashland (Virginia) May 11 

Yellow Tavern O^ear Richmond, Virginia) • ••..•••.May 11 

Smiths Station ^dian Territory) May 12 

Vaughn (Mississippi) May 12 

Fort Darling (Drewrys Bluffy Virginia) May 12-16 



Kanis's Raid on the Petersburg ft Lynchburn^ Railroad (Virginia).. .May 13-11 

Meadow Bridge, Cbickabominy river (Virginia) May 19 

Reeaca, or Sugar Valley^ and Oostenaula (Georgia).. • .May 18-16 

Pulaski CTennessee) ..•• ....•• May 18 

Tilton (Tennessee). May 13 

Point Lookout (West Virginia) May 18 

Mansura, or AToyelles Prairie, Morreausville and Marksville (La.). .May li-16 

Roods Hill (Virginia) May 14 

Mount Pleasant Landing (Louisiana) ....May 15 

New Market (Virginia). • May 15 

Lejrs Ferry (Gieorgia) May 15 

Tanners Bridge fnear Rome, Georgia). .May 15 

Rome Cross Roads (Georgia) .May 16 

Ashepoo River (South Carolina) Maj 16 

Pond Creek (Pike county, Kentucky) May 16 

Clear Creek, (Missouri) May 16 

Fredericksburg Road (Virginia). May 16-80 

Smoky Hill (Colorado) May 16 

Bermuda Hundred ( Virginia).. •• May 16-80 

Belchers Mills (Virginia) May 16 

Adairsville (Georgia) May 17-18 

Madison Station (Alabama) May 17 

Rome (Georgia) May 18 

Kingston (Georgia). May 18 

Bayou DeGlaize, or Old Oaks, Yellow Bayou, Simmesport and Calhoun 

Station (Louisiana) May 18 

Crooked River (Oregon)......... * ..May 18 

Fayetteviile (Arkansas) May 19 

Welakaand Saunders (Florida) May 19 

Cassville (Georgia) May 19-22 

Downers Bridge (Virginia) May 20 

Milfords Station (Virginia) May 20 

Snia Hills (Missouri) May 21 

Mount Pleasant (Mississippi) .....May 21 

Old River (Louisiana) May 22 

North Anna River, or Jericksford and Taylors Bridge (Virginia) May 23-27 

Capture of Steam Tug Columbine at Horse Landing, St. Johns River, 

(Florida) May 23 

Holly Springs (Mississippi).. • May 24 

Kingston (G^rgia) .....May 24 

'WilM>n*s Wharf Landing (Virginia) May 24 

NashTille (Tennessee) May 24 

Dallas, or New Hope Church, Burned Hickory, Pumpkin Vine Creek 

and Altoona Hills (Georgia) May25-June4 

Cassville Station (Geor|3^) Biay 25 

Burned Church (Qeors^) May 26 

Lanes Prairie (Morris county, Missouri) .May 26 

Torpedo Explosion on Batchelors Creek (North Carolina) May 26 

Decatur (Courtland Road, Alabama) May 26-27 

San Carlos River (California) May 27 

Hanoverton, Pamunky River (Virginia) ......Biay 27 

Hawes Shop, Tooopotomy Creek or Salem Church (Virginia) May 28 

Little Rock (Arkansas) May 28 

Pleasant Hill (Missouri) May 28 

Jacksonville (Florida) May 28 



Moulton (Alabama). Hay 29-89 

TooopotomyjrVirgiiiia) May 89-31 

Hanover C. H. (Virginia). May 30 

Aahland (Virginia) ...-May 80 

Old Church (Virginia) May 30 

Cold Harbor (Virginia^ June 1-12 

Bermuda Hundred (Virginia) Jime2 

Engagements at Gaines liillB, Salem Church, and Hawes Shop(Virginia). June 2 

8ew;y (Arkansas) •••.. June 3 

Panther Qap( West Virginia) June 3 

Ackworth (Georgia) June 3-4 

Piedmont, or Mount Crawford (Virginia) ..June 5 

Buffalo Gap (West Virginia) June 6 

Lake Chicot, or Old River Lake, Ditch Bayou, Columbia, Fish Bayou 

(Arkansas) June 6 

Ripley (Mississippi) .June 7 

Pomt of Rocks (Maryland) • Juue 9 

Kenesaw Mountain, or Lost Mountain, Noses Creek, Marietta and Big 

Shanty (Georgia) June 9-30 

Mount Sterling (Kentucky) June 9 

Lafayette (Tennessee) • • June 9 

Fransfort (Kentucky) June 10 

Lexington (West Virginia).... June 10-11 

dJane Creek (Alabama) June 10 

Lexington (Kentucky)....... June 10 

Princeton (Kentucky) June 10 

Petersburg (Virginia). ..June 10 

Brices Cross Roads (near Guntown, Mississippi) June 10 

Corinth (Mississippi) June 10 

Cynthiana (Kentucky) .June 10 

Kellers Bridge (Lickmg river, Kentucky) June 10 

Old Church (Virginia) June 10 

Wilsons Landing (Virginia) June 11 

Cynthiana (Kentucky) .June 11 

Ripley (Mississippi) June 11 

Trevellian Station, Central Railroad (Virginia) June 11-12 

McAfees Cross Roads (Louisiana) June 12 

Kingsville (Missouri). June 12 

White Oak Swamp, Charles City Cross Roads, or Riddles Shop (Va.)..June 13 

White Post (West Virginia) June 13 

Pine Mountain (Georgia). June 14 

Lexington (Lafayette county, Missouri) ............June 14 

Buchanan (near Lexington, VirKinia) .......June 14 

Samaria Church (Malvern Hill, Virginia) ..••• June 15 

Moscow (Tennessee)............... .....June 15 

Baylors Farm (Virginia). June 15 

Siege of Petersburg (Virginia) June 15 to April 2, 1805 

Petersburg (Virginia) •• June If^-lO 

.West Point (Arkansas) .June 16 

Otter Creek (near Liberty, Virginia). June 16 

Wierbottom Creek (Virginia) June 16 

(3olgotha (Georgia)... .••• June 16 

Waltbal fyirginia), June 16 

k^enona Farm (Virj^inia). ....June 16 

Noaea Creak (Georgia) ...June 17 



LTiielibaTg (yirglnla). June 17-18 

Pine Knob (Oeorg^) * June 19 

Eear8afi» and A1abama(ofP Cherbourg, France) ....June 19 

MThite House (Virginia) June 20 

Liberty (Virginia) , June 20 

Powder Sprinij^ (Georgia) June 20 

Lattamores Mills (Noonoay Creek, Georgia) June 20 

Trenches in front of Petersburg (Virginia) June 20-80 

Salem (Virginia) , June 21 

Pine Bluff (Arkansas) I June 21 

Naval Eng^agement on the James, near Dutch Gap.... — ...June 21 

White House Landing (Virginia) ...June 21 

BufordsGap (Virginia) June 21 

White River (Arkansas) June 22 

Wilson's Raid on the Welden Raibroad (Virginia).... June 22-30 

Gulps House (Georgia)..... June 22 

Reams Station (Virannia) June 22 

Welden Railroad, Williams Farm, Davis Farm, Jerusalem Plank Road 

(Virginia) June 22-28 

NottowavC. H. (Virginia) June 28 

GoUinsviIle (Mississippi).... ..••... ...June 23 

Jones Bridge (Viiginia^ June 28 

Samaria Church (Virginia) •• • ..June 24 

White River (Arkansas). •••••• ....June 24 

Staunton Bridge (Virginia) June 24 

Lafayette (Macon county, Tennessee) .June 24 

Point Pleasant (Louisiana) June 25 

Clarendon, Sl Charles River, or Pikeville, St. Charles (Arkansas).. June 25-'29 

Kenesaw Mount, (General Assault ^......June 27 

Charlestown (West Virginia) ..June 27 

Stony Creek (v^ginia) June 28 

Reams Station (Virginia) June 29 

Lafayette (Georgia) ....June — 

Front of Petersburg (Virginia) July 1-81 

Pine Bluff (Arkansas) July 2 

Saulsbury (Mississippi)... ..July 2 

Fort Johnson (James Island, South Carolina) ....July 2 

Nickajaok Creek, or Smyrna and Vining Station... July 2-5 

Platte City (Missouri) July 8 

North Mountain (Virginia)....... ...........July 8 

Expedition from v idcsborg to Jackson (Mississippi) July 3-9 

Leetown (Virpnia) July 8 

Hammackis Mills (North river, Virginia) July 8 

Searcy (Arkansas).. ...•••. ..••••..... July 4 

Vicksburg(Mi88issippi\. ••.•••. ...July 4 

Clay Coun^ (MissourQ.... July 4 

Clinton ^Cississippi), July 4 

Points ox Rock (Maryland) July 4 

C'olemans Plantation (near Port Gibson, Mississippi) July 4--5 

Bolivar and Maryland Heights (Virginia) July 4-7 

Smith's Expedition from Lagrange, Tennessee, to Tupelo, Mississippi. Jul v 5-18 

Johns Island (South Carolina) July 5-7 

Hagerstown pleasant valley, Maryland). .....July 6 

Jac^mm (Mississippi) July 5-6 

Little Blue (Missouri) July 6 



jfount Zion Church (Virginia) •••••••••••••.••......• July tf 

Chattahoochie River (Qeorii^ia) •.••.••.•• July 5-10 

Hagers Mountain and Middleton (Maryland) • •• July 7 

Clinton (MissiBsippi) .' • ...... July 7 

Solomons (}ap (Breaeriok Citj, Maryland). ••• ...•..••••• July 7 

Ripley (Mianasippi) ..•••.•••......-....•... July 7 

MoDOcaioy (Maryland) k... July 9 

Rousseau's Raid in Alabama and (Georgia..... July 11-22 

Pontotoo (Mississippi) July 11 

Fort Stevens (Washington, D. C.) July 12 

Petit Jean (Arkansas Kiver, Arkansas) ..•....••......•• ..July 12 

Lees Mills (near Reams Station^ Virginia) July 12 

Tupelo (Mississippi) • July 13-45 

Ozark (Missouri) July 14-15 

Ten Islands, Coosa River or Jacksons Ford (Alabama) July 14 

Farrs Mills (Montgomery county, Arkansas) July 14 

Stones Ferry (Tallapoosa River, Alabama) July 16 

Grand Qulf (Port Gfibson^ Mississippi July 16-17 

Snickers Gap (Virginia) July 17 

Fredericksburg (Missouri)...... July 17 

Auburn (Georgia) July 18 

Chewa Station, Montgomery & West Point Railroad (Georgia) .July 18 

Snickers Ferrv, Island Ford, Shenandoah River (Virginia) July 18 

Ashbys Gap (Virginia) July 18 

Darksville (Virginia) July 19 

Winchester, or Stevenson Depot and Carters Farm (Virginia) . July 19 

Peach Tree Creek (Georgia) July 20 

Deep Bottom (Virginia) July 21 

Henderson (Kentucky) July 21 

Atlanta, Hood's first sortie (Georgia) ..J July 22 

Vidalia (Louisiana) July 22 

Kemstown ^Virginia).... July 23 

Winchester (Virginia) July 24 

Steamer Clara Bell (Carrolton Landing, Carolina Bend, Mississippi) July 24 

Courtland (Alabama) ..July 25 

Wallaces Ferry (Big Creek, Arkansas) July 26 

Des Arc (Arkansas). July 26 

Stoneman's Raid to Macon (Georgia) July 2tS-8l 

McCook's Raid to Loveioy Station (Geoi^gia) July 26-31 

St. Marys Trestle (Florida) July M 

Mazzard Prairie (Fort Smith, Arkansas) July 27 

Deep Bottom, New Market and Malvern Hill (Virginia) July 27-28 

White Side (Black Creek, Florida) July 27 

Tahkahokuty (Dakota Territory) July 28 

Atchafalya River (Louisiana) July 28 

West Point (Arkansas) July 28 

Ezra Chapel (Atlanta, Georgia) July 28 

Campbelltown (Georgia) July 28 

Flatshoals (Georgia) July 28 

Siege of Atlanta (Georgia) July 28-September 2 

Fort Smith (Arkansas) July 29-31 

Lovejoy Station (Georgia) July 29-30 

Clear Springs (Maryland) •• July 29 

Mine explosion at Petersburg (Virginia) July 30 

Newnan (Georgia) .•••• July 80 

ruAWForuis si \ri 1 fn w \siii\( 



Ohambenlmrg (PeimsylTania) •••»......^ •••••••Jaly 80 

liaoon (Georgia) •••••••••••• July 80 

Lees BiUls (VS^nla) July 80 

Lebanon (Kentucky) ....July 80 

Hillsboro, or Sunshine Choroh (Georgia) July 81 

RoUa (Missouri) August 1 

Trenches before Petersburg (Virginia) • August 1-81 

Cumberland, or Plocks Mills (Maryland) August 1 

Green Springs Depot (West Virginia, near Old Town, Maryland) August 8 

Osceola (Arkansas) August 8 

Elkshute (Missouri) ..^ August 8 

New Creek (Virginia) ...August 4 

Forts Gaines and Morgan (Mobile Harbor, Alabama) August 5-23 

Utoy Creek (Georgia) August 5 and 6 

Cowskin ^Missoun) ••.. August 5 and 7 

Decatur (Georgia) •..•••... August 5 

Donaldsonville (Louisiana) ••..•••• • • •••.August 6 

Cabin Point (Virginia) •.....•.•• August 5 

Plaquemine, or Indian dtj village (Louisiana) August 6 

Moorefield (Virginia). August 7 

Tallahatchie River (Mississippi) • • August 7-9 

Fort Gaines (Alabama) August 8 

Two Hills, Bad Lands (Little Missouri River, Dakota Territory) August 8 

Explosion of ammunition at City I'oint (Virginia) .August 9 

United States steamer Empress (Mississippi) . ........ ..•..••....... August 10 

BerrvviUe Pike (Virginia) .........August 10 

Sulphur Springs Bridge and White Post (Virginia) ......••. August 11 

Van Buren (Crawford county, Arkansas) August 11 

Abbeville and Oxford (Mississippi). August 12 

Little Blue (Dakota Territory).... August 12 

Near Snickers Gap (Virginia)... ...••. ..August 13 

Gravel Hill (Virginia) August 14 

Strawberry Plains (Deep Bottom Run, Virginia) August 14-18 

Hurricane Creek (Mississippi) August 14 

Dal ton (Georgia) August 14-16 

Fishers Hill (near Strasburg, Virginia)......... August 16 

Smoky HiU Crossing (Kansas) August 10 

Crooked Run (Front Uoyal, Virginia) August 16 

Gainesville (Florida) August 17 

Cleveland (Tennessee).. ••..•. August 17 

Winchester (Virginia).—.... .August 17 

Decatur (Alabama).... August 18 

Six Mile House ( Welden Raib-oad, Virginia) August 18, 19-21 

Fairburn (Georgia) August 18 

Snickers G^ Pike (Virginia) August 19 

Blockhouse No. 4, Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad (Tenneesee) Aug^ust — 

Martinsburg (West Virginia).. ...August 19 

Kilpatrick*s raid on the Atlanta Railroad August 18-22 

Red Oak (Georgia) August 19 

Jonesboro (Georgia) .* August 19-20 

Pine Blu£f (Tennessee River, Tennessee) August 19 

Lovejoy Station (Georgia)....... ....August 20 

Summit Point (Virginia) August 21 

Duvalls Bluff (Arkansas) • ....August 21 

Memphis (Tennessee) ....August 81 



OoIl^Ke Hill, or Oxford Hill, Mid Hurricane Creek (Mississippi).. August 31-22 

Canton (Kentucky) August 22 

Rodgersville (Tennessee) .••• August 22 

Fort Morgan (Alabaoia).-— ••••••— • ••••...•••••.—••••••••.August 28 

Abbeville (Mississippi) ••••••.•••.••••....••• •• August 28 

Bermuda Hundreds (Virig^uiia). •••••••. August 24-^ 

Fort Smith (Arkansas) August 24 

Jones Hay Station and Ashley Station (Long Prairie, Arkansas) August 24 

Halltown (Virginia) August 24 

SmithfieU and Shepherdstown, or Keameysvilie (Virginia) ...•••..August 26 

Reams Station r Virginia) •••• ••• August 26 

Conee Creek (Clinton, Louisiana) August 26 

Sacramento Mountain (New Mexico) • August 26 

Bull Bayou (Arkansas).^^^^^^^^ • • August 26 

Halltown (Virginia) *. August 26-27 

Owensboro (Kentucky).. ............ .....: August 27 

Holly Springs (Ifississippi) August 27-28 

Fort Cottonwood (Nevada Territory) August 28 

Howard County (Missouri).. •..••• August 28 

Ghent (Kentucky) •••••••••••.•• •••••— •••• August 29 

Smithfield (Virginia). ..•....••••••••...•.....••..... August 29 

WornileysGap(Vir]g^ia).............. August 29 

Arthurs Swamp (Vimnia) August 29-80 

Blockhouse No. 6, Nashville <& Chattanooga Railroad (Tennessee)... August 81 

Jonesboro (Gtoorg^) August 8 1-September 1 

Rousseau's pursuit of Wheder in Tennessee... September t-8 

Trenches before Petersburg September 1-October 80 

Lavergne (Tennessee) September 1 

Occupation of Atlanta (Qeorig^) September 2 

Franxlin (Tennessee) •....• September 2 

Lovejoy Station (Qeorgia) I September 2-6 

Big Shanty (Georgia) September 2 

M m f recs boro (Tennessee) ^..September 8 

Berryville (Vir^ia) September 8 and 4 

Daxkesville (Vurgima) September 8 

Greenville (Tennessee) ......•••. ...September 4 

GampbellviUe (Ten ne ss ee) September 6 

Searcy (Arkansas) ..••... .September 

ReadYville (Tennessee) September 7 

Dutch Gktp (Virginia) •...September 7 

Captureoi Fort Hell (Jerusalem Plank Road, Vixginia) September 10 

Locks Ford (Opequan, Virginia) September 18 

Near Fine Bluff (Arkansas) September » 

Fort Gibson (Indian Territory) September 16-18 

Sycamore Church (Virginia) ..••.. • September 16 

Fwfax Stati<Hi(yira;inia).. ........ September 17 

Belchers Mills (Vira^iia) September 17 

Doniphan and Black River (Missouri) September 17-20 

Martinahurg (West Virginia) September 18 

Fort Cottonwood (Nevaida Territory) September 18 

Cpajuan (Winchester, or Belle ChK>ve, Virginia) September 19 

Oa>in Oeek (Lidian Territory) September 19 

Front Boyal Pike (Virginia) September 21 

FUiers Oil or Woodstock (Virginia) September 22 

(Alabama) .^ptember 29 



Raekpork (Missouri) September 

Blackwater rMissouri) September 

Lnrmj (Virginia) September 24 

Fayette (Missouri) September 24 

Bulls Ghip (Temiessee) September 24 

Price's invasion of Missouri September 24RJctober 28 

Sulphur Branch (Trestle, Alabama) September 26 

JohnsouTiile (Tennessee)... ••• ••••• ••..•.. September 25 

Henderson (Kentucky). ••.••••.. •......•••. •••... September 25 

Vache Grass (Arkansas) September 26 

Port Davidson (Pilot Knob, or Ironton, Missouri) September S^27 

Browns (3ap (Virginia) September 26 

Richland (Tennessee).. ••..••.. September 26 

WeyersCSave (Virginia) September 27 

Pulaski (Tennessee) September 27 

Massacre on North Missouri Railroad ••.... ....••••September 27 

Massacre at Centralia, Missouri. .•••••. ..September 27 

Carters Station (Wautauga River, Arkansas) September 27 

Mariana (Florida) September 27 

Fort Rice (Dakota Territory) September 27 

Clarksville (Arkansas) ..••••.•—...••.. September 28 

Waynesboro (Virginia) September 28 

New Market Heists, or Chapins Farm, Laurel Hill, Forts Harri- 
son and Qilmore (Virginia).... September 28-30 

Fort Sedgwick, Jerusalem Plank Road (Virginia) — ....September 28 

OentreviUe (Tennessee). September 29 

[ieesburg and Harrison (Missouri) September 29-80 

EVebles Farm (Poplar Springs Church, Virginia) September 80-October 1 

Arthurs Swamp nrirginia)..^. • September 80-October 1 

Athens fAlabama) ••.•••••••..• • October 1 and 2 

Huntsville (Alabama).. ••...••• ......October 1 

Franklin (Biissouri) ..October 1 

Reconnoiffiance on Charles City Cross Roads (Virginia) October 1 

Yellow Tavern (Weldon Railroad, Virginia) .October 1 and 5 

Sweetwater, Noses, and Powder Spring Creeks (Georgia). ....October 1 and 8 

Waynesboro (Virginia) October 2 

Baltville (Vimnia) October 2 

Gladesville (Pond Gap, Virginia) October 2 

Near Memphis (Tennessee). •......•.•••..... October 4 

Jackson (Louisiana) .••••...•• .....October 5 

Allatoona ((Georgia)... October 5 

Fort Adams (Louisiana).. ...October 5 

Florence (Alabama) • October 6 

North Shenandoah (Virginia) October — 

Princes Place, Osage River(Oole oountj, Missouri) ........October 6 

Woodviile (Mississippi) October 6 

New Market (Virginia) ! October 7 

Derbytown Roads (near New Market Heights, Virginia)............ October 7 

Moreau Bottom (near Jefferson City, Missouri) .....j^... October 7 

Reconnoissanoe to the Boydtown Flank Road (Virginia) ......October 8 

Toms Brook or Fishers Hill (Strasburg, Woodstock, Virginia).. October 9 

Calif omia (Missouri) October 9-11 

BoonsviUe (Missouri) ....October 9-11 

South Tunnel (Tennessee) ...••.....•..« • October 10 



Eaft P6int (Mississippi) October 10 

Fort Doneison (Tennessee) •••.•,•—..••• .October 11 

Stony Creek Station (Virginia).. .•••... ••••••• ••.. .....October 11 

Narrows (Georgia) .••.... .••••..•......•• October 11 

Qreenville (Tennessee) October 12 

Resaca (Georgia) October 13 

Reconnoissance to Strasburg (Virginia) ...• October 18 

Tilton (Georgia) October 18 

Dalton (Georgia) October 18 

Bazzard Roost Blockhouse (Georgia) October 13 

Reconnoissance, Darbytown Road (Virginia)... October 16 

Bayoa Bidden (Louisiana) .October 16 

Glasgow (Missouri) .....October 15 

Snake Creek Gap (Georgia) .......October 15 

Sedalia (Missouri) October 16 

Shipa Gap (Taylors Ridge, (Georgia) October 16 

Cedar Run Church (Virginia) ........October 17 

E^erces Point (Blackwater, Florida) October 18 

Lexing^n rBlissouri) .....October 19 

Cedar Creek, or Middletown (Virginia) October 19 

Fort Leavenworth (Kansas) ......October 20-26 

Little River (Tennessee) .••.•••.. October 20 

Harrodsburg (Kentucky)..... •......•• October 21 

Little Blue^ssouri) October 21 

Independence (Missouri) '. October 22 

White River (Arkansas). October 22 

(Sunboat attack on the union batteries on the James River (Va.).... October 22 

Hurricane Creek (Mississippi) ..•...•.. ..October 28 

Princeton (Arkansas) •••............ .October 28 

Weetnort (Big Blue, Missouri) October 28 

Gold Water Grove (Osage, Missouri) October 24 

iCne Creek, Maria des Cygnes and Little Osage River (Arkansas).. .October 25 

Milton, Blackwater (Florida) October 26 

Decator (Alabama) October 20-29 

Hatchers Run, South Side Railroad or Boydtown Rc»d, Vaughn 

Road and Burgess Farm (Virginia) October 27 

F^ Oaks (near Richmond, Virginia) October 27-28 

Kewtonia (Missouri) October 28-80 

FortHaiman (Tennessee) •• October 28 

Destruction of the Rebel Ram Albemarle •••.... October 28 

F^yetteville (Arkansas)-. October 28 

Morristown (Tennessee).. •••• October 28 

Beverly (West Virginia) October 29 

Muscle Shoals ^taccoon Ford, Alabama). • October 80 

Near Brownsville (Alabama) • October 80 

Ladija (Terrapin {2^eek, Alabama) October 80 

Plymouth (North Carolina) October 81 

Buck River (Louisiana) November 1 

Union Station (Tennessee)... ••••• • • November 1-4 

Vera Groz (Arkansas) • November 8 

Jdmaonville (Tennessee) • November 4-6 

Big Pigeon River (Tennessee) November 5-6 

Fort Sedgwick (Virginia) .November 5 

Atlanta @}eorgia) ••••..• ••• November d 

Shoal Oieek (Alabama)... ..«> Npvember t 



Newtown, NiiMTfth, and Cedar Springe (Vixginia) ••.November It 

Bolls Gap (Morristown, Tennenee) •— November 18 

Cow Greek (Arkaasas) November 14rS8 

Clinton and Liber^ Creek (Louisiana) November 15 

Lovejoy Station (Jonesboro, Qeorgia). ••..•..•......• .....November 16 

Bear Greek Station (Qeorgia) November 16 

Chester Station (Bermuda Hundred, Virgfaiia) ....November 17 

Aberdeen and Butler Greek (Alabama) November 17 

Myerstown (Virginia) November 18 

Bayou La Fouche» or Ash Bayou (Louisiana).... November 19 

Haoon (Georgia) November 80 

Liberty and Jackson (Louidana) November 91 

Boiling Fork (Mississippi) November 99 

Griswoldville (Georgia; November 99 

GUntoxiJGeorgia) November 89 

Boods Hill (VMnia) November 99 

Lawrenceburg Tennessee).... ................................ ..November 99 

Bents Old Forte (Texas) .- November 94 

CampbellviUe and Lynnville (Tennessee).. .- November 94 

Columbia (Duck Run, Tennessee) .November 94-98 

Balls Ferry (Oconee River, G^rgia)..... November 94-95 

Pawnee Forks (Kansas) November 96 

St. Vrain'sOld Fort (New Mexioo) November96 

Madison Station (Alabama) November96 

Sandersville, or Buffalo Creek (Georgia) November 96 

Sylvan Grove (Georgia) November 96 

Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi Central Railroad November 97 

Waynesboro, Thomas Station and Buck Head Creek, or Revnolds 

Plantation, Jones' Plantation and Browns Cross Roads (Ga.).. 

November 97-98 

Fort Kelly. New Creek (West "Virginia) November 98 

Spring Hill, or Mount Carmel (Tennessee) November 98 

Big SandyfColorado Territory) November 99 

Franklin (Teiuiessee)... November 80 

Honey Hill, Broad River, or Grahamsville (South Carolina) November 80 

Bermuda Hundred (Virginia) November 8(X-DeGember 4 

Stoney Creek Station and Duvalls Mills (Weldon Railroad, Va.). .December 1 

Twelve Miles from Tazoo City (Mississippi) December 1 

Trenches before Petersburg (Virginia) December 1-81 

Skirmishing in front of Nashville (Tennessee) ..December 1-14 

Millen Grove (Qeorffia) December 1 

Rocky Greek Chur^ (Georgia) December 9 

(Mississippi) .....December 9 

Block House No. 9 (Mill Cre^ Qiattanooga, Tennessee) December 9-8 

Thomas Station (Georgia) December 8 

Goosaw River (South Cw>lina) j December 4 

Block House No. 7 (Overalls Creek, Tennessee) December 4 

Waynesboro and Brier Creek (Georgia) ....^..December 4 

Statesboro (Georgia) .................December 4 

Murfreesboro or Cedars (Tennessee) ..December &-8 

Deveaux Neck, or Tillafizm^ River, Mason's Bridge and Gregory's 

Farm (South Carolina)..... ..December 6-9 

White Post (Virginia) December 6 

Ebeneser Greek, Cypress Swamp (Geoi^gia) December 7 



QgeeohM Birer, or JenJcs Bridge, Eden Statjon and Pooles Station 

(Qeorgia) ..•.•...••••••«••...• .•.••.••.••.•••—DeoemberT-O 

Weldon Railroad Expedition December 7-U 

BeconnolBsance to Hatchers Ron (\ jginia) December 8-9 

Raid to GordonsTiUe (Virginia) December 8-28 

Expedition into Western North Gurolina December S-January 14, 1866 

Fort Lyons or Sand Creek (Indian Territory) December 9 

Cuylers Plantation (Monteith Swamp, vteorgia) December 9 

Expedition to Hamilton, North Carolina Decemberl9-ld 

BeUefield and Hicksford (Virginia) ..December 9 

^iege of Savannah (Qeoigia) ^ December 1(HB1 

Elkton (Kentucky) December 12 

Stoneman's Raid from Beans Station, Tenn., to Saltville (Va.).. December Id-ftl 

KingBDort (Tennessee) ..^ .. . .— December 18 

Fort McAUister (Georgia) December 18 

Bristol (Tennessee) December 14 

Memphis (Tennessee).... ••••• December 14 

Abingdon (Vir^nia) December 16 

MurfreesborofTennessee)....... ...December 16 

Qlade Springs December 16 

NashTille^ or Brentwood (Overtone Hills, Tennessee) ...December 16-16 

HopkinsYille (Kentucky) December 16 

Hfuionand Wylhovilie (Virginia) ...December 16 

Millwood (Viiginia)..... December 17 

Hollow Tree Gap (Tennessee) December 17 

Franklin (Tennessee) ...December 17 

Mitchells Creek (Florida) December 17 

Fine Barren Oeek (Alabama) December 17-19 

Marion (Virginia) December 18 

Franklin Cieek (Mississippi) ..•••... .December 18 

Rutherford Creek (Tennessee) December 19 

Saltville (Virginia) December 20 

lAoeys Springs (Virginia).... ••....... ..........December 90 

Madison C.H. (Virginia) December 20 

LynnviUe (Tennesbee) .December 23 

Jacks Shop (near Gtordonsville, Virginia) Decern her 28 

Buford Station (Tennessee).. December 28 

ElizabethtownfKentuckyj .••...December 24 

Mocassin (}ap (Virginia)............ .....December 24 

Murfreesboro (Tennessee).... •....,. December 24 

Fort Fisher (North Carolina) .....December 25 

Pulaski, Lambs Ferry, Anthonys Hill and Sugar Creek (Tenn.)... December 26 

Verona (Mississippi)..... •••...... December 26 

Decatur (Alabama). December 27-28 

Egypt Station (Mississippi) December 28 

Pond Springs (Alabama) December 29 



FWaikliii (Mississippi) ..••••• .January t 

Nanvoo (Alabama).. .......January 2 

Thorn Hill (Alabama)......... January 8 

fimithfldd Kentucky) January 6 

Jalesburg (Indiau TmiUny) ••....••... ••••..January 7 

lAlabanui)......* ••...•••——••••••.••••••••••. .January I 


Itj Ford (Arkansas) Jsauary 8 

Beyerlv (West Virginia) January U 

Fort Fisher (North Carolina) January 18-16 

Red Hill (Alabama) January 14 

Dardenelle (Arkansas) January 14 

Pocotaligo (South Carolina) — January 14-16 

Explosion of the Magazine at Fort Fisher ...January 16 

Ten Miles from Columbus (Kentucky) January 18 

Half Moon Battery, Sugar Loaf Hill (North Carolina) January 19 

Fort Brady, or Fort Bumham or Boggs Mills (Virginia) ....January 84 

Combahee River (South C^arolina) January 85 

Powhatan (Virginia) January 85 

Simpsonyille (Kentucky) January 85 

Expedition into Western North Carolina January 89-February 11 

Rivers Bridee (Salkahatchie, South Carolina) February 8-8 

Dabnevs Mms, or Rowanty Creek and Vaughn Road (Virginia) ..February 5-7 

Dunn Lake (Volusia county, Florida) ..February 5 

Mud Springs (Indian Territory) February 8 

Wiliston (South Carolina) .- February 8 

Binnakers Bridge (South Edisto River, South Carolina) February 8 

Rush Creek (Indian Territory) February 8 

James Island (South Carolina) February 10 

Blackville (South Carolina) February 11 

Sugar Loaf Batterv (Federal Point, North Carolina) * .February 11 

Aiken (South Carolina) February 11 

Orangeburg (North Eoisto River, South Ci^olina) ....February 18 

Gnnters Bridge (South Carolina) February 14 

Congaree Creek (South Carolina).... February 15 

Cedar Keys (Florida).. February 16 

Columbia (South Carolina) — February 16-17 

Fort Jones (Kentuckv) ^ February 18 

Ashby Gap (Virginia) February 18 

Charleston (South Carolina) February 18 

Port Anderson (North Carolina). ..February 18 

Fort Myers (Florida) February 80 

Town Creek (North Carolina)... February 80 

Wilmington (North (Carolina)... ....February 28 

Douglass Landing (Pine Bluff, Arkansas) .February 82 

Mount CUio (South Carolina).. February 26 

Lvnch Oeek (South Carolina).... February 26 

Chattanooga ^ennessee) Februarv — 

Sheridan's Raid in Virginia February 27-March 25 

Mount Crawford (Virginia)...... Februarv 28 

Waynesboro (Virginif^ March 8 

Clinton (Louisiana) ....March — 

Chesterfield (South Carolina) .March 8 

Cheraw (South Carolina) .......March 8-8 

Florence (South Carolina)..... ..•.•••..... March 8 

Olive Branch (Louisiana).. ........ . •...•.••.. .March 6 

Natural Bridge (Florida^ .March 6 

North Fork (Shenandoah, Virginia) ....... ...March 6 

Rockingham (North Carolina)... .......................March 7 

Wilcoxs Bridge. Wises Fork. Kinston (North Carolina). March 8-10 



MonroeB Gro88 BoadB (North Carolina) • ...• March 10 

Clear Lake (ArkansaB) March 11 

Silver Ban ^yette^ille, North Carolina) MarohlS 

Kingston (North Carolina) ....March 14 

South Anne River (Virginia) • .March 15 

Tavlom Hole Creek (North Carolina) March 10 

Ashland (Virginia) March 15 

Averysboro, or Smith's Farm (North Carolina) ..March 10 

Boyds Station (Alabama) March 18 

Bentonville ^orth Carolina) March 19-21 

Stoneman's Raid, Southwestern Va. and N. C March 20— April 

Gtoldsboro (North Carolina) March 21 

Hamilton (Virginia) March 21 

Wilson's Raid, Chickasaw, Alabama, to Macon, Georgia March 22— April 24 

Samtenrille (South Carolina) ^ .....March 28 

Rerock (Arizona Territory ...••. .....March 24 

Coxes Bridge (North Carolina) March 24 

Fort Steedman (in front of Petersburg, Virginia).. ...... ....... .....March 25 

Petersburg (Virginia) .................March 25 

E^ne Barren Creek, or Bluff Spring (Alabama) ......••. March 25 

Siege of Mobile (Alabama) ....••.....•..•••.March 26 — April 

Spanish Fort (Alabama) • March 20 — April 8 

Quaker Road (Qravelly Run, Virzinia) .••••••••.••••••.•••.March 29 

Boydtown and White Oaks Road(Virghiia)........^^^*.^^.....^....Marck 81 

Dinwiddle C. H. (Virginia) .MaichOl 

Kootavallo and Six Mile Creek (Alabama) March 81 

F^Te Forks (Virginia) April 1 

Boone (North OEirolina) April 1 

Trion (Alabama) April 1 

Mount Pleasant (Alabama) April 1 

Centreville (Alabama) April 1 

Bogler's Creek and Plantersyllle, or Ebenezer Church and Maplesville 

(Alabama) ^ April 1 

Selma (Alabama) April 2 

Scottsville (Alabama) • April 2 

Fall of Petersburg (Virginia) April 2 

Namozin Church and willicomack (Virginia) Aprils 

Richmond (Virginia).... Aprils 

Sftlem (North Carolina) April 8 

Wytheville (Virginia) April 8 

Northport (Alabama) Aprils 

Deep River Bridge (North Carolina) April 4 

Tuscaloosa (Alabama).... April 4 

Amelia Springs, or Jetersville (Virginia) ..April 5 

Sailors Creek, or Harpers Farm and Deatonsville (Virginia) A pril 6 

Sipeey Swamp (Alabama) April 

High Bridge, Api>omattox River (Virginia) April 

FarmvilleXVirgmia) April? 

Appomattox C. H., or Clover Hill (Virginia) April 8-9 

FortBlakely (Alabama) April 9 

Lee*8 Surrender •_April9 

Sumterville (South Carolina) April 9 

Nenses River (North Carolina) April 10 

Lowndeilwro (Alabama) April tO 

Montgomery (Alabama) April 12-18 



Grant! Creek (SaliBbuiT, North Carolina) April 19 

Whistlers Station (Alabama) April 18 

South Fork, John I)ay8 River, Oregon April 16 

Fort Tajlor, West Point, Georgia April 16 

Columbus, Georgia •••••.....••..April 16 

BerryviUe jTirginia) April 17 

Boykins Mills, or Bradfords Springs (South Carolina)..... April 18 

Swift Creek (South Carolina) April 19 

Dallas (North Carolina) April 19 

Catawba River (North Carolina) April 19 

Tobosofkee (Georgia) April 20 

Macon ((Georgia) April 20 

Talladega (Alabama) April 22 

Mumfords Station, Blue Mount (Alabama) . ....•..•••••••. April 28 

Suwano Gap (North Carolina) ...April 28 

Johnston's Surrender.. ........ ••••••• •... •...••.. April 26 

Taylor's Surrender ....••• • •'^••..•.. .••.••.. .May 4 

Irwinsyille (Georgia) ..May 10 

Sam Jones' Surrender at Tallahassee, Florida. ...May 10 

Jeff Thompson's Surrender at Chalk Bluff (Arkansas) ••...... May 11 

Palmetto Ranch (Texas) May 18 

Eirby Smith's Surrender May 26 


Engagements in 
Sngagements in 

£^gi4>®Dcioi^te ^ 
Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Engagements in 

Virginia 619 

Tennessee 298 

Missouri.. 244 

Biississippi ..... 186 
Arkansas....... 167 

Kentucky 188 

Louisiana ...... 118 

Georgia 108 

North Carolina . 85 
South Carolina . 60 
West Virginia .. 80 
Alabama ....••• 78 

Florida • 82 

Maryland 80 

New Mexico 19 

Indian Territory 17 

Texas 14 

Dakota......... 11 

Total nimber. 

Engagements in Pexmsylv anim ... 9 

Engagements in Kansas ... . 7 

Engagements in California ....— 6 

Engagements in Minn esota ••.... 6 

Engagements in Oregon 4 

Engagements in Colorado ....... 4 

Engagements in Arizona ........ 4 

ElngiM^ments in Indiana.. ••..... 4 

Engagements in Ohio 8 

Engagements in Nevada... 2 

Engagements in Nebraska ....... 2 

Engagement in Idaho 1 

Engagement in niinois 1 

Engagement in Washington Ter. . 1 

Engagement in Utah I 

Engagement in New York I 

Engagement in Diet, of Columbia 1 




Signers of the Declaration of Independence. 


"The honor of his own, and the model of future times," was the 
eulogy pronounced upon George Wythe at his death, by Thomas Jeff* 
erson, who in youth had been his pupil at law, and in later years his 
coadjutor in Congress, and a warm personal friend. 

George Wythe was born in 1726, in Elizabeth City county, Colony 
of Virginia. His father was a Virginia gentleman of the old school, 
amiable, courteoas, a lover of his family, a good manager of bis large 
estate, but with more fondness for outdoor life than for his study, and 
a better acquaintance with the denizens of field and forest than with 
bis classics. From his mother, George Wythe inherited his intellec- 
tual tastes and mental vigor. She was a woman of great strength of 
mind, and was possessed of singular learning for her day, among her 
accomplishments reckoning a thoroagh knowledge of Latin. 

Under the tuition of his mother, George Wythe attained an excel- 
lent education, pursuing with her the study of grammar, rhetoric and 
logic, mathematics, natural and moral philosophy, civil law, Latin and 
Greek. Of the latter tongue Mrs. Wythe had no knowledge, but she 
assisted her son in bis acquisition of it by readingan English version 
of the works which he studied, and so testing the accuracy of his 

This devoted mother died before her son attained the years 
of manhood, and his father dying about the same time, George 
Wythe entered upon the possession of a large fortune. For some 
time he abandoned study, and led a life of dissipation. He was 
thirty years of age when he shook off youthful follies, and en- 
tered upon the life of honor and usefulness which has per- 
petuated his name. Thenceforth, for fifty years, it was his pnvi- 


l^e to pursue, with unremitting ardor, all the noble purposes of life, but 
at its close he looked back upon the wasted years of his young manhood 
with deep regret 

Under the instructions of Mr. John Lewis, a noted practitioner in the 
Virginia courts, George Wythe read law and fitted himself for practice. 
His success in his chosen profession was equal to his desert As a pleader 
at the bar his extensive learning, fine elocution, and logical style of argu- 
ment, made him irresistible. But his distinguishing characteristic was 
his rigid justice. The dignity of his profession was never prostituted to 
the support of an unjust cause. In this rule he was so inflexible that if 
he entertained doubts of his client's rights, he required of him an oath as to 
the truth of his statements before he undertook his cause, and if deception 
were in any manner practiced upon him, he would return the fee and 
abandon the case. Such a stand as this early called' attention to Mr. 
Wythe's fitness for administering justice iivimportant causes, and ultimately 
led to his appointment as chancellor of Virginia, the important duties of 
which position he discharged with the most exact justice until the day of 
his death. 

Early in life Mr. Wythe was elected to represent Elizabeth City county 
in the House of Burgesses, a position he filled for many years. . Novem- 
ber 14, 1764, he was appointed a member of a committee of the House to 
prepare a petition to the king, a memorial to the House of Lords, and a 
remonstrance to the House of Commons, on the '* Stamp Act,** then a 
measure before Parliament 

The paper was drawn by Mr. Wythe, but its language was so vigorous 
and his utterances so abounding in plain truths that must give ofiense to 
his majesty, that the draft was considered treasonable by his hesitating 
colleagues, and was materially modified before the report was accepted. 

The ''Stamp Act** was passed, and the news was received in the 
House of Burgesses of. Virginia, as an intimation on the part of king and 
Parliament that the rights of the colonists were to be deliberately disre- 
garded. Before the session of 1765 closed, in May, Patrick Henry 
offered resolutions of defiance that received the cordial suppcMrt of Mr. 
Wvthe, and, after a stormy debate and some alterations, were carried, 
although so close was the contest that the fifth, and strongest resolution, 
only paEBcd by a single vote, and the following day, during Henry's absence 
from the convention, this resolution was expunged from the journal. The 
repeal of the '' Stamp Act," and other conciliator]^ measures on the part 
of^England, now left a few yearb of ^uiet legislation, during which Mr. 
Wythe attended to his professional duties. But his stand was taken upon 
Uie justness of the demands of the colonies, and when events tended 
towa^ independence, he early favored the movement, and exerted hb 
influence among his colleagues in that direction. In these efibrts he had 
the assistance of Thomas jSSerson; and the two, who had been preceptor 

0lUmf ^TOryr Vg^yt^ 


and pnpil, now stood friends and ooansdon, noble examples of 
fidng patriots, in the very front of danger. 

In 1776, Wythe joined a corps of volunteers, believing a resort to arms 
the only hope of the colonists. But his services as a statesman were of more 
importance, and he left the army in August, 1775, to attend the Continental 
Congress as one of the delegates of Virginia. He held this position until 
after the Declaration of Independence hi^ become a matter oi record, with 
his name as one of its fifty-six attesting witnesses. 

November 6, 1776, he was one of a committee of five appointed by the 
State Legislature to revise the laws of Virginia. Of this committee two 
members, Creorge Mason and Thomas Ludwell Lee, were prevented from 
serving, and the remaining three, W3rthe, Jefferson and Edmond Pendle- 
ton, worked so industriously and so ably that on the 18tb of June, 1779, 
th^ reported to the Greneral Assembly one hundred and twenty-eix biUs. 

in 1777, Mr. Wythe was chosen speaker of the House of Burgesses. In 
the same year he was appointed one of the three judges of the high court 
of chancerv of Virginia, and on a change in the form of the court was con- 
stituted sole chancellor. 

In December, 1786, he was one of the committee who prepared the con- 
stitution of the United States, and in 1787 was a member or the Virginia 
convention which ratified the constitution on behalf of that State. He 
was subsequently twice a member of the electoral collet of Virginia. 

His political record now closes, unless to it is added his indirect influence 
exerted through the distinguished pupils whom he trained for the bar and 
for public life. Some of the most noted sons of Virginia at the bar 
and in the Senate were his pupik, and in the list we find one chief justice 
and two presidents of the United States. 

The aeath of Geor^ Wythe is the saddest record of these pages. 
Already past his eightieu year, and with hte days still filled with useful 
and benevolent doMs, he died the victim of poison, administered, it seems 
but too evident, by the hand of one who was a near kindred, and who 
should have been bound to him by the ties of gratitude for daily kindnesBes 
and tokens of love. 

In the midst of the lingering hours of agony produced by the dow action 
of his death potion, Wythe thought of others and not of himself. As lone 
as he retained his senses, he gave his mind to the study of the cases pena- 
ine in his court, and his last regret was that his fatal illness would cause 
deW and added expense to those who had appeared before him. 

Mr. Wythe had been twice married, but nad no living children, and at 
his death his estate passed to the children of a sister, his last act of justice 
being to add, upon his deathbed, a codicil to his wUl which revoked dl 
benefits which would have accrued to the nephew who had hastened his 

He expired on the morning of the 8th of Jane, 1806. 


Like many great minds who cannot accept of a formulated creed, Mr. 
Wythe was considered an infidel by his cotemporariea. The student of 
to-aay will, however, more willingly believe or such a life that, in the 
words of Jefferson, ''while neither troubling nor perhaps trusting any one 
with his religious creed, he left to the world the conclusion that that religion 
must be good which could produce a life of such exemplary virtue." 


Who was bom in Westmoreland county, Vimnia, January 20, 1732, was 
descended from a family eminent in public life and of high social standing 
in that colony. The grandfather whose name he bore, was Richard Lee, 
a member of the Kings council, and his father, Thomas Lee, was for a 
number of years president of that council. His maternal grandfather, 
who was a son of Governor Ludington, of North Carolina, was also a 
member of that body of statesmen. 

Richard Henry Lee was sent to England, and attended school at Wake- 
field, in Yorkshire. At the age of nineteen, he returned to his native 
colony, and having ample means and no desire to pursue a professional 
life, he gave himself up to his love of books, for a number of years pursu- 
ing with ardor the study of ethics and the philosophy of history. 

In 1754, he was rudely awakened from hb stuaenfs dreams by the 
encroachments of Indians upon the border counties of Virginia, and the 
appeal of the frontier settlers to be protected from their atrocities. In his 
twenty-third year he was called on by the Westmoreland Volunteers to 
place himself at their head and lead them to protect the living and avenge 
the dead. Reporting with his troops to General Braddock, at Alexandria, 
Virginia, that vain-glorious general, who was to pay with his life for his 
ignorance, decided that "the British troops could quell a handful of 
savages without the help of the provincials,* and the young volunteers, 
with their young leader, were sent home. 

In 1757, Mr. Lee was appointed justice of the peace for Westmoreland 
county, and in the same year was elected to serve that county as its repre- 
sentative in the House of Burgesses. 

The first few years of service in that body rendered by Richard Henry 
Lee, who was jret to be stvled ''the Cicero of America," have left little 
record of his action, save that he was too diffident to take the prominent 
position hb merits warranted. Before the contest between the colonists 
and the royal government was beeun, Mr. Lee's most prominent act in the 
House of Bureesses was the discovering and bringing to light and 
punishment of defalcations on the part of me treasurer of the colony. 

The holder of this important trust was a Mr. Robinson, a leader of the 
aristocratic party in the House, and a man so surrounded by powerful 
iamily associations, that even those best convinced of his guilt, and upon 
whom should have rested the duty of his punishment, shrank from the task 


•8 beinff one impoflrible of fulfillment, and which would only bring odiniB 
and defeat upon any one who attempted it 

Richard Henry liree, regardless of such base motives for inaction, entered 
upon this task, nor desisted from its prosecution until his object was 
attained and the colony secured from heavy loss and pecuniary embarrasB- 
ment When the evidence necessary had been secured and xjee rose, in 
the presence of the man accused and of his coUegues who were to be his 
judges, the candor of Lee's countenance, which was stamped with sorrow 
at the painful necessity of his words, and the persuasive eloquence 
accompanied with scathing denunciations with which he spoke, absolutely 
silenced those who expected by sophistry to turn aside the evidence, and 
by sarcasm and intimidation to silence the truth. 

When the British ministry entered upon the system of taxation of the 
colonies without their consent, Lee was one of the first to see whither the 
action would tend. Writing to a friend in London, May 31, 1764, he 
said: "Possibly this step, though intended to oppress and keep us low, 
in order to secure our dependence, may be subversive of this end. Poverty 
and oppression, among those whose minds are filled with ideas of Briti^ 
liberty, may introduce a virtuous industry with a train of generous and 
manly sentiments, which, when in future they become supported by num- 
bers, may produce a fatal resentment of parental care converted into 
tyrannical usurpation.* 

Mr. Lee, in 1764, was one of the committee who prepared the remon- 
strance of Virginia presented to the king and parliament, and in 1765 
he supported the famous resolutions of Patrick Henry. Both the remon 
strance and the resolutions are more fully spoken of elsewhere in the 
volume. [See sketch of Wythe and of Harrison.] 

Liberty-loving Virginia found a fit representative in Richard Henry 
Lee in the dark years which followed. Under his lead men of all parties 
and of all social grades united in opposition to the "Stamp Act," binding 
themselves to each other, to God, ana to their country to resist its acUon. 
In Westmoreland county, a resolution was framed by Lee, and written in 
his hand as follows : 

"As the stamp act does absolutely direct the property of the people to 
be taken from them without their consent, expressed by their representa- 
tives, and as in many cases it deprives the British-American subject of'hiB 
right to be tried by jury, we do determine, at every hazard, and paying no 
r^;ard to death, to exert every faculty to prevent the execution or the 
stamp act in every instance, within this colony.'' 

The repeal of the "Stamp Act" did not for a moment blind Mr. Lee as 
to the future troubles awaiting the colonies, and for his clear understand- 
ing of the position and intention of Parliament at all steps of the struggle 
that ensued, he was largely indebted to his brother. Dr. Arthur Lee, who 
was then in London, and with whom he was in constant correspondence. 



These remarkable sons of Virginia must have been brothers in thought and 
mind, as well as of blood, so closely were their feeling allied. At one time 
Dr. Lee wrote: **Let me remind you that no confidenoe is to be reixned 
in the justice or mercy of Britain, and that American liberty must "be 
entirely of American fabric" 

Through all the intermediate steps between tbe resistance to the '' Stamp 
Acf and the meeting of the first Continental Congress, in 1774, Richara 
Henry Lee was conspicuous for his talent, his energy, hb courage and his 
patriotism. When tne royal displeasure dissolved we House of Burgesses, 
the representative men of Vir^ia met in private houses and continued 
to formulate their defiance to oppression, and the sanction of the people was 
the only authority they had, or desired to have. 

Aueust 1, 1774, the first Assembly of Virginia was convened at the 
call of the people. By this Assembly Lee was deputed, with Washington 
and Henry, to represent Virginia in the Congress of Colonies at Philadel- 

This body met in that city, September 5, 1774, and when in its first 
sesrion a sense of the responsibility of tiie situation fell upon the repre- 
sentatives so that " a silence, awful and protracted, prevailed, it was a voice 
from Virginia that broke the spell. Patrick Henry spoke first, followed 
by Lee. The sweetness of Lee'is voice and the harmony of his language 
soothed, subdued and yet strengthened the souls of his associates, while with 
eloquence which none could rival or resist he showed that there was now 
but one hope for their country and that was in the vigor of her resistance. 

Serving now on many important committees, and largely engaging in 
the spirited colonial correspondence which filled those years, JiSchard 
Henry Lee continued to represent Westmoreland countj^ in the Assembly, 
and the Assembly in the Continental Congress until m the Congress of 
1776, on the 7th of June, he ofiered the memorable resolution, from which 
the Declaration of Lidependence was formulated, that "These united 
colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States." 

This motion Mr. Lee introduced in words of ringing eloquence. In 
concluding, he said: '* Why, then, sir, do we longer delay ? Why still 
deliberate ? Jjet this happy day give birth to an American republic Let 
us arise not to devastate and to conquer, but to re-establish the reign of 
peace and of law. The eyes of Europe are fixed upon us. ^ ^ * If 
we are not this day wanting in our duty, the names of the American 
legislators of 1776 will be ^Haced by posterity at the side of Theseus, 
Lycurgus, and Romulus, of the three Williams of Nassau, and of all tiioss 
whose memory has been, and will be, dear to virtuous men and good 

Three days later, wbile Lee's motion was still under discussion, he 
received news of the serious illness of his wife, and hastened to her side, 
leaving others to carry out the work he had so well begun. 

The absence of Mr. Lee from Congress continued until August, 1776| 


when lie again took his seat, appended his signature to the Declaration, 
and resumed his arduous committee work. In this work he also continued 
through the session of 1777, taking a prominent part in preparing a plan 
of treaties with foreign nations. 

During this time he was the mark of British malignity; his person 
constantly in danger if he returned to his home ; that home itself broken in 
upon by British troops ostensibly seeking to effect hb capture, and his 
sons, then at school at St Bedes, subjected to the insolence of the royalists, one 
of whom assured these boys ttiat he hoped to live to see their father's head 
on Tower Hill. Yet the '' ingratitude of republics," even at such a time, 
fell upon Lee, many friends of the new government loudly proclaiming 
him a "tory." 

His first act on returning home was to demand of the Assembly an 
investigation of his conduct as its representative, and that body not only 
exonerated him from blame, but through the venerable George Wythe 
passed him a vote of thanks for his able services, freely rendered. 

In 1778-79, Mr. Lee was again a representative in Congress, although 
his failing health forced him often to be absent from its sessions. 

During the latter year the British troops were turning their attention 
more largely to the Southern States, ana were harassing the coast of 
Virginia with predatory incursions, and Mr. Lee, as lieutenant of the 
county, was appointed to the command of the Westmoreland militia. In 
the field his energy, activity and good judgment were as conspicuous as in 
the councils of the nation, and the protection he afforded Westmoreland 
county is conveyed in the complaint of the commander of the British 
troope in that vicinity : " We cannot set foot in Westmoreland without 
having the militia immediately upon us.* 

November 1, 1784, Mr. Lee again resumed his seat in Congress, and on 
the 30th of November was unanimously chosen to fill the presidential 
cliair, then the highest office in the nation. When hb term of service 
expired, he sought the repose of private life, which he enjoyed until, on 
the adoption of the Federal Constitution, he consented to serve his 
beloved Virginia once more in a public capacity, and took his seat as her 
first Senator under the new Constitution. This important position he 
filled until 1792, departing then to his home honored with a vote of 
thanks for his services, packed unanimously by the Senate an^ House of 
Delegates of Virginia, October 22, 1792. 

In his home life Richard Henry Lee abounded in those courtesies and 
graces which mark the gentleman. His hospitable mansion was open to 
all ; the poor and the afflicted frequented it for help and consolation ; the 
young for instruction, and all ages and classes for nappiness. His large 
family of children, the ofispring of two marriages, were happy in his love 
and grew to noble womanhood and manhood under his instructions. 

He died June 19, 1794, in his 64th year, at Chantilly, Westmoreland 
county, Virginia. 


[The life of Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United 
States, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence in 
behalf of Virginia, will be found on another page.] 


The name of Harrison has been prominent in the annals of American 
history, since in 1640, the first Harrison settled in the county of Surrey, 
province of Virginia. At the present day, one of that name and race 
occupies an honorable position among our l^islators. 

It seems fitting, therefore, that one of the name should be a Signer of 
the Declaration, and this honor was reserved for Benjamin Harrison, bom 
in Berkeley, Charles City county, Virginia, about 1740. He was the 
oldest son of Benjamin Harrison, bom also at the family mansion in 
Berkeley, and himself a son of a BcDJamin Harrison, who was the oldest 
bom in hb father's family. It seems to have been the custom of the 
family that the first bora male representative in each generation should 
have the name of Benjamin, as we trace it back through several genera- 
tions where the oldest son was always so named. 

The representative of the name of whom we write, was the grandson, on 
hb mother's side, of Mr. Carter, King's surveyor-geneml in his day ; so 
that we see he was a fitting representative of the Virginian families in whose 
interest he voted for the independence of the colony. 

He entered public life in 1764, becoming a member of the House of 
Burgesses of Virginia, where his abilities, ramily prominence and social 
gifts soon made him a leader. He had before this proved his executive 
ability by mana^g the family estates from the death of his father, while 
he was yet a student in William and Mary College, so that their value was 
greatly increased. 

The representatives of the British ministry, pursuing their usual course 
toward a colonist who seemed of prominence and likely to lead the people, 
endeavored to purchase his influence in the interest of England, by solicit- 
ing him to become a member of the governor's executive council, the 
highest office open to one bom in the colonies, the governor being always 
a native of Great Britain. Benjamin Harrison, closely noting the course 
of events, and sympathizing with the position of the colonists, refused to 
bind himself to work against their interests, or even to remain neutaral, and 
declined the honor. 

November 14, 1764, he was one of the members of the House appointed 
to prepare an address to the King, a memorial to the House of Lords, and 
a remonstrance to the House of Commons against the Stamp Act 



Oz^ &Afi 1 f''(^?S''«-T-v.-,^5^ 


During the next ten years he was constantly a member of the Honfle oi 
Burgesses, and was one of those illustrious Virginians, among whom were 
Randolph, Wythe, Jefferson and Lee, who fought, step by step, in the 
interest of their colony, against the accumulating encroachmentB of Uie 
tyrannical representatives of the British crown. 

In August, 1774, Benjamin Harrison was one of seven delegates 
appointed to represent Virginia in the Congress of Delegates, caUed to 
meet in Philadelphia, to discuss the mutual interests of the colonies, and on 
September 5, 1774, he took his seat in the First Continental Congress, 
convened in Carpenter^s Hall in that city, where he had the pleasure of 
seeing a Virginian occupy the first presidential chair in that body. 

Majnch 20, 1775, the second Virginia convention assembled in Rich 
mond, of which convention Benjamin Harrison was a member. Before 
the convention adjourned, they elected delegates to the second Greneral 
Congress, and Mr. Harrison was among those returned, and in May, 1775, 
he again repaired to Philadelphia, to take his seat in the second CJongress. 

Here, in a house he had taKen with his coadjutors, Geon?e Washington 
and Peyton Randolph, he entertained his friends with true Southern hospi- 
tality and prodigality, often exceeding his means. 

During this Congress, Randolph, then presiding officer, was recalled to 
Virginia, by public duties there, and Hancock, of Massachusetts, was 
unanimously elected president in his stead. While he was hesitating as to 
his ability to fill the position as his predecessor had done, Harrison caught 
him in his athletic arms and forcibly seated him in the presidential chair, 
crying aloud : ''We will show Modier Britian how little we care for her, 
by making a Massachusetts man our president, whom she has excluded 
from pardon by a public proclamation. 

June 24, 1775, Mr. Harrison was made chairman of the board of war. 
August 1, Congress adjourned, and on the 11th of August, the Virginia 
convention a third time returned Mr. Harrison as their representative, and 
on September 13 he took his seat 

In that month he ¥ras one of a committee of three sent to consult with 
Washington, the commander-in-chief of the army, and with the governors 
of several colonies, regarding the interests of the Continental army. 
November 20 he was made chairman of the Committee on Foreign A^irs, 
and three days later was sent to help the people of Maryland to raise some 
naval force with which to meet Lord Dunmore who, driven from Virginia, 
had gathered a band of desperadoes and ren^ades, and was laying waste 
the coast of the Chesapeake. 

During the troubled days for the Continental Congress with which the 
year 1776 opened, Benjamin Harrison was busy in the interests of the 
cx^lonists, January 17, he brought in a report regulating the recruiting 
service; on the 24th he was placed on a committee to establish a general 
>var department ; on Uie 26th he was one of three sent to New York to 
arrange with Lee a plan for its defense ; and immediately upon his return 


he was named on a committee for arranging military departments in the 
Middle and Southern colonies. March 6, he became chairman of the 
Committee of Marines. In May he was chairman of the committee on the 
Canada expedition ; May 25, was appointed chairman of a committee of 
fourteen whose arduous duty it was to arrange a plan for the coming cam- 

Through the first days of that stormy year Benjamin Harrison was ever 
at his post, working indefatigably for the interests of the people, until 
August 11, when his term of service expired and he retumcKl to Virginia, 
having first had the pleasure of affixing his signature, as one of Virginia's 
representatives, to tne Declaration of Independence, and the honor of 
presiding over the Committee of the Whole who discussed the question 
through its most mdmentous days, June 8-12, 1776. 

During the remainder of 1776, Benjamin Harrison was one of the eight 
counselors of State, whose duty it was to guide the political affairs oi 
Virginia. In the fall of 1776, Thomas Jefferson resigned his seat in the 
senate, and Mr. Harrison, on the 10th of October, was chosen to fill out 
his term, and took hb seat November 5, having been absent from Congress 
less than three months. By resolution of Congress he was immediately 
restored to his former place on all standing committees. 

Through the dark days of the terrible wmter of 1776-7, he was always 
active and hopeful in the interests of the colonies, and on May 22, 1777, 
by joint ballot of both houses, Virginia returned him first of her delegates 
to Uongress, and for the fourth time he took his seat in that body, and, as 
before, was actively engaged on committees, and presiding over the delib- 
erations of the house. 

Toward the close of 1777, Benjamin Harrison permanently retired 
from Congress, leaving behind him the character of one who was ardent, 
honorable, prudent and persevering in the interests of those who entrusted 
their rights in hb keeping. 

Again in Virginia, he was immediately returned by his county to the 
House of Burgesses, and elected speaker of that body, which office he held 
uninterruptedly until 1782. Dunng this time he was chief magistrate in 
his county, and commander of the militia, bearing the title of " colonel," 
by which title he is generally spoken of in the records of his State. 

In 1782, Benjamin Harrison was elected governor of Virginia, on the 
resignation of Thomas Nelson, and through tlie arduous duties of the try- 
ing times which accompanied the close of the Revolution, filled the exec- 
utive chair with wisdom and to the best interests of the people. 

After being twice re-elected governor, Mr. Harrison i>ecame ineligible 
by the provisions of the constitution, and in 1785 returned to private life. 
In 1790, against hb wbhes, he was again brought forward as a candidate 
for the executive chair, and was defeated by two or three votes. 

In the spring of 1791, Mr. Harrison was attacked by a severe fit of the 


/rout, from which, however, he partially rallied. In April, 1791, he was 
ananimoualy elected to the lerislature, and in the evening following the 
announcement of his success, he entertained his friends at a dinner party, 
receiving their congratulations, and assurances that he was to be the next 
governor of Virginia. 

During the night following, a dangerous return of his illness seized him, 
and his death speedily followed. 

The wife of Benjamin Harrison was Elizabeth, a daughter of Colonel 
William Bassett, of Eltham, New Kent county, Virginia, and a daughter 
of the sister of Martha Washington. She was a very beautiful woman, 
remembered as being as good as she was beautiful, and survived her hus- 
band only one year. They had many children, of whom three sons and 
four daughters lived to mature years. Their third son, William Henry 
Harrison, was ninth President of the United States. 


Was the eldest son of William Nelson, an English gentlemen who settled 
at York, province of Virginia, in the early part of the eighteenth century, 
and engaged for a time in a mercantile business. Acquiring a fortune, he 
invested it in large landed estates, and gradually withdrew from commercial 
pursuits. In the interval between the administrations of Lord Botetourt 
and Lord Dunmore, William Nelson fiUed the office of governor oi Vir- 
ginia. After retiring from this office he presided over the supreme court 
of the province, and was regarded as the aolest judge of his time. He died 
a few years before the Revolution, leaving five sons. 

Thomas Nelson, jr., ''the worthy son ol such an honored sire," was bom 
at York, December 26, 1738. In the summer of 1753 he was sent to Eng- 
land to receive a collegiate education, and after attending private school 
was entered at Trinitv College. Here he distinguished himself by honora- 
ble conduct and good scholfi^ship until his return to America, in the winter 
of 1761. 

In August, 1762, he was joined in wedlock with Lucy, dauehter of 
Philip Grvmes, of Middlesex county, Virginia. They established them- 
selves at York in such a home as their abundant means justified, and lived 
in a style of great elegance and hospitality. 

Thomas Nelson's public record begins in 1774, when we find him a mem- 
ber for York of that House of Burgesses which the wrath of Lord Dunmore 
dissolved, on account of their resolutions censuring the Boston port bill. 
Mr. Nelson was one of the eighty- nine delegates who assembled themselves 
the next day at a friendly tavern, and formed the celebrated association 
which resolved at all hazards to defend their rights and maintain their lib- 

Mr. Nelson was elected from his county a member of the first Virginia 
Convention, which met at Williamsburg, August 1, 1774. In March, 


1775, he was again a representative to the Virginia convention, and was 
prominent in the debate of that session on the advisibility of a military 
force, Mr. Nelson asserting that such a force was necessary to the interests 
of the colonists and so putting his vote upon record. 

The third Virginia convention assembled at Richmond, Virginia, July 
17, 1776, and again Thomas Nelson, jr., was the representative of York. 
The work of raising colonial troops was now being actively pursued, and 
Mr. Nelson was mfule colonel of tne second regiment raised, tne command 
of the first regiment having been given Patrick Henry. 

August 1 1, 1775, Virginia appointed among her delegates to the Conti- 
nental Congress in Philadelphia Colonel Nelson, and he, believing the post 
of danger and of duty was there, resigned his military command, repaired 
to Philadelphia, and took his seat in (ingress September 13, 1775. Here 
he was one of the first to advocate an absolute separation &om Great Britp 
ain. Writing to a friend February 13, 1776, Colonel Nelson said: "In- 
dependence, confederation, and foreign alliances are as formidable to some 
of the Congress (I fear a majority) as an apparition to a weak, enervated 
woman. Would you think we have still some among us who expect honor- 
able proposals from the administration I By heavens, I am an inndel in pol- 
itics, for I do not believe, were you to bid a thousand pounds per scruple 
for honour at the court of Britain, that you would get as many as would 
amount to an ounce. If terms should be proposed, they will savour so much 
of despotism that America cannot accept tnem. ^ ^ ^ What think 
you of the ri^ht reverend fathers in God, the bbhops? One of them re- 
fused to ordam a young gentleman who went from this country, because he 
was a rebellious American ; so that, unless we submit to parliamentary op- 
pression, we shall not have the gospel of Christ preached among us." 

Through the opening of the session of 1776, Colonel Nelson maintained 
this advanced position on the question of independence, and in that spirit 
signed his name to the Declaration. During the remainder of that term, 
and the b^inning of the term of 1777, he served on many important 
committees, and took part in all measures that advanced the general wel- 
fare of the new States. 

A severe indisposition seized him while in his seat in Congress, May 2, 
1777, and a recurring trouble of the head warned him for a time to cease 
his labors, and he returned home, leaving his term to be filled by another. 

In August, 1777, the British fleet appeared off the coast of Virginia 
again, and again Colonel Nelson was called to the field. He was appomted 
by the governor bri^dier-general and commander of the forces of the 
commonwealth of Virginia, and at once entered upon the discharge of 
all the important duties of that command, while refusing to take from the 
impoverished nation any remuneration therefor. 

In the October following. General Nelson, as a member of the State leg- 
islature, had another opportunity to show his sense of the honorable in 


money matters. An act was introduced and passed by the assembly foi 
the sequestration of British property. Such an act could, and would, of 
course, be construed so that all debts owed those who were known to be 
loyal to England would be considered outlawed. General Nelson vehe- 
mently opposed the passage of the bill, and in closing a speech supporting 
his position, said: "I hope the bill will be rejected ; but whatever its fate, 
by Ood, I will pay my debts like an honest man." The breach of order 
into which his feelings had betrayed him was overlooked, but llie bill 
became a law. 

General Nelson continued in active service with the army until his 
health was restored, when, on the 18th of February, 1779, he took his 
seat in the State Assembly. Aj?ain the same illness attacked him, and, 
yielding to the expostulations of his physician, and the entreaties of his 
friends, he returned to his home for rest But in the following month he 
again took the field. 

During the gloomy days of financial depressioi^ and disastrous defeats 
that followed, no man's influence in Virginia was more widely felt or more 
generously given to the American cause than that of Gen^^ Nelson. 

In the spring of 1781, he was elected governor of the Commonwealth, 
but after performing the arduous duties of that office until the November 
following, constant and increasing illness forced him to resign. 

Retiring now permanently from public and political life, Mr. Nelson 
passed his time alternately between his two estates, one called Offly, situ- 
ated on the left bank of South Anna river, in Hanover county, and 
the other in York county. Surrounded by friends and relatives, he now 
passed several years in comparative quiet, though with always failing 

Death ended his sufferings Sunday, January 4, 1789. 


The fourth son of Thomas and Hannah (Ludwell) Lee, was bom Octo- 
ber 14, 1734, in Westmoreland county, province of Virginia, and was 
named Francis Lightfoot Lee. He received his education at home under 
the tuition of a Scotch clergyman named Craig, and having at his com- 
mand a valuable library collected by his father, afterward the property of 
the oldest son of the family, Philip. 

About the time he reached manhood his three older brothers, Philip, 
Thomas and Richard Henry, returned from abroad, where they had been 
educated, and in their society he attained that polish and rdSnement of 
manner which was in after life one of his distinguishing characteristics. 

In 1765, Francis Lightfoot Lee took his seat in the House of Burgesses, 
as member from Loudoun county, in which county he was possessed of a 
considerable estate. He continued a member of the House for Loudoun 
county until 1772. In that year he married Rebecca, second daughter of 


SiKi>*!r of till! l>t<<;)iii'iitir>]| of ltlili'1''*ll'l<*il''<'- 
(Nflvvr before puhliahed or flpgnvrd.) 

>Q of bis familr. 


Colonel John Tayloe, of Richmond county, and took up his residence in 
that county. In the same year he was returned to the House of Burgesses 
for Richmond county. 

August 15, 1775, the convention of Virrinia elected him to a seat in the 
Continental Congress, which position he filled so as to receive three succes- 
sive re-elections: June 20, 1776 ; May 22, 1777; May 29, 1778. 

His work in Congress, faithfully performed, was not of the brilliant 
character of his elder brother's work, as he was no orator. But when 
future generations remember the name of Richard Henry Lee, as that of 
the ealfant Virginian whose voice was first raised in advocacy of our inde- 
pendence, it will not be forgotten that among the devoted sons of that State 
who supported his position was one, his brother in blood, and his colleague in 
principle, Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

In the spring of 1779, Mr. Lee retired from Congress, and was imme- 
diately elected to the Senate of Virginia under the new constitution of that 
State. He did not long remain in public life, however, all his inclina- 
tions being toward home life and rural occupations, and the state of the 
country no longer demanding from him the sacrifice of his private tastes. 

Reading, farming, and the entertainment of friends and neighbors filled 
his remaining days with quiet happiness, until his death, which occurred 
in April, 1797. His beloved wife died within a few days of his own 
demise, and they left no children. 


Seventh signer of the Declaration of Independence in behalf of the prov 
ince of Virginia, was born at Newington, King and Queen county, Vir- 
ginia, September 10, 1736. His father was George Braxton, a wealthy 
planter, and a member of the House of Burc:esses. Hb mother was 
Mary, daughter of Robert Carter, who was a member of the King^s council, 
and in 1726, its president. 

Caller Braxton received a liberal education at William and Mary Col-, 
lege, and upon leaving college entered at once upon the possession a laige 
property, having lost both his parents, his mother when he was seven days 
old, and his father during his school days. 

At the early age of nineteen he married Judith, daughter of Christopher 
Robinson, of Middlesex county. She was possessed of uncommon beauty 
as well as a large fortune, and they enjoyed two years of wedded happi- 
ness when the lady died, in giving birth to a second daughter, December 
30, 1757. 

Soon after his wife's death Mr. Braxton viated England, returning in 
1760. May 15, 1761, he married Elizabeth Corbin, eldest daughter of 
Richard Corbin, of Kin^ and Queen county, receiver-general of customs 
for the colony of Virginia. The ofi&pring of this marria;;e were sixteen. 


ax of whom died in infancy. Mrs. Braxton survived her husband, dyinff 
in 1814. 

It is believed, but cannot be absolutely ascertained, that Carter Braxton 
was a member of the House of Burgesses as early as 1761. It b cer- 
tain he took an active part in the eventful session of 1765, supporting 
the celebrated resolutions of Patrick Henry. He was also a member of 
the House in 1769, which was dissolved by Lord Botetourt 

But this dissolution of the House did not change the material of 
which it was composed. The indignant people returned the same mem- 
bers, without one change, and Mr. Braxton, among the rest, was present 
at the opening of the session of November, 1769. He continued a mem- 
ber of the House until the dissoUition of the assembly of 1771. Accept- 
ing then the office of high sheriff* of his county (then King William), he 
was ineligible to act as representative. 

The first Virginia convention was assembled at Williamsburg, August 1. 

1774, and to this convention Mr. Braxton was elepted by King William 
county. The convention met again March 20, 1775. 

The last and most important meeting of the House of Burgesses was 
convened by Lord Dunmore, June 1, 1775. Mr. Braxton was an active 
member of this house, serving on three of the regular and on several of 
the special committees. This assembly, however, was in session only fifteen 
days. They had met on the Ist of June, and on the night between the 
7th and 8th, the governor, Lord Dunmore, fied from nb palace to the 
''Fowey." No entreaties or assurances on the part of the House could 
induce his return, and as they very properly refused to convene on board 
his frigate, it was impossible to transact further business. On the 15th 
the session was adjourned until October, but it was never re-assembled. 

The Convention of Virginia, however, again assembled July 17, 1775, 
and continued in session until August 26th. It met again in December, 

1775, and on the 15th of that month appointed Carter Braxton to succeed 
Peyton Randolph, lately deceased, in tne national council. He repaired 
to Philadelphia, and continued in his seat until the Declaration of^ Inde- 
pendence had received his signature. 

In 1776 Mr. Braxton was elected to the House of Delegates of Virginia, 
and in that House he served during the sessions of 1877, 79, '80, '81, '83 and 
'85. In the last year he was one of the supporters of the act for estab- 
lishing religious freedom in Virginia, an act penned and proposed by 
Jefferson and advocated by Madison. 

In January, 1786, Mr. Braxton was appointed a member of the coun- 
cil of State, and continued to act with that body until March 30, 1791. 
In 1793, he was again appointed to the executive council, and taking up 
the duties of the office May 31, 1794, he continued to perform them until 
his death, meeting for the last time with the council October 6, 1797, only 
four days before his death. 


The last years of his life were distressed by great pecuniary em- 
barrassments. Of the large fortunes in his possession when he was 
twenty-one, nothing remained. His personal property had passed 
into the hands of the sheriff; part of his vast estates had been sold 
from time to time, the remainder, with his slaves and household 
goods, was heavily mortgaged. 

Presidents of the United States. 


First President of the United States, was born February 22, 1732, 
and died on the 14th of December, 1799, in his 68th year. 

The first of the name of Washington to settle in America were two 
brothers, John and Lawrence, who emigrated from England to Vir- 
ginia in 1657, and purchased land in Westmoreland county, between 
the Potomac and Eappahannock rivers. John Washington married 
Anne Page of Westmoreland county, became an extensive planter 
and a magistrate and member of the House of Burgesses. As Colonel 
Washington he ledtheVirginia militia against the Seneca Indians, and 
thecrrateful people whom he defended named in his honor that district 
of Westmoreland county which still bears the name of Washington. 

Augustine Washington, grandson of John, was born in 1694 on the 
family estate which he in time inherited. He was twice married, his 
second wife being Mary, daughter of Colonel Ball, of Virginia, and 
their first child, George Washington, born in Westmoreland county. 

Not long after the birth of this son Augustine Washington removed 
to a family estate in Stafford county, and here the childhood of George 
was passed, and he received what instructions could be gathered from 
the limited acquirements in reading, writing and arithmetic of one 
Hobby, who was one of his father's tenants, and combined the duties 
of parish sexton with the swaying of the birch in the little field school 
house on the estate. 

But in the home circle 5*oung Washington had good example and 
good instruction in all that constitutes gentle breeding, and from his 
ninth year he had the intimate companionship of his eldest half broth- 
er, Lawrence, who had been, as was the custom with the eldest son 
of a colonial gentleman, educated in England. There was a difference 
of fourteen years in the age of the half brothers, but a warm affection 
between them, and George naturally looked upon his cultivated senior 
as a pattern after which he should model his own mind and manners. 

The death of Augustine Washington in 1743 left the children of his 
second marriage to the guardianship of their mother. She was equal to 


tbe trust — prompt to decide and to act, controlled by common sense and by 
conscienoey she governed her family with a firm hand, and held their love 
while exacting their obedience. Through his entire life Washington 
acknowledged with love and gratitude how much of what he was he owed 
to his mother. He preserved with tender care a manual of instruction 
from which she was accustomed to read to her fotherless little ones, and 
this manual may now be seen in the archives of Mount Vernon. 

When about twelve years of age, Washington went to pass some time 
with his brother Lawrence, at Mount Vernon, and to avail himself of bet- 
ter school facilities, but his education was confined to plain English 
branches of study. In the autumn of 1747, he took a final leave of school, 
having a good knowledge of mathematics and of surveying, which he put 
to practical use. 

in March, 1748, he was sent by Lord Fairfax to survey some wild lands 
in what was then the western borders of settlement, a difficult task, which he 
completed in a month's time. He then received the appointment of public 
surveyor, which office he held threeyears. 

For some years the French and English governments had been disput- 
ing the ownership of the North American continent, and each, by diplo- 
macy, endeavoring to secure the alliance of the Indian tribes. Octooer 
30, 1753, George Washington, not yet twentjr-two years of age, was sent 
by Governor Dinwiddie, of Virginia, on the important embassy of secur- 
ing terms of friendship with the Indian sachems along the Ohio, and to 
expostulate with the French commander at Venango for his aggressions on 
the territoiy of His Britannic Majesty. The ability with which Washing- 
ton executed his difficult mission, which he accomplished so that he was 
able to report, January 16, 1754, may be considered the foundation of his 
future emmence. From this date he was the rising hope of Virginia. 

French and English alike now began preparations for war, and in Vir- 
ginia three hundred militia was rai^, and Washington made second in 
command, with rank of lieutenant-colonel. On the 2d of April he took 
the field at the head of only two companies of men, about 150 in all. For 
five years following he was in the royal* service, and in several battles was 
in command. During the engagement known as " Braddock's Defeat," 
he received four bullet-holes through his coat, and two horses were shot 
under him. The interest of the Virginians in the French and Indian 
war ended with the expulsion of the French from the Ohio Valley, and 
Washington resigned his command. 

January 17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha Custis, and having inherited 
Mount Vernon at the death of his loved brother, Lawrence, July 26, 
1752, they made their home on that estate. 

Early in the year of his marriage Washington repaired to Williams- 
burg to take the seat in the House of Burgesses to which he had been 
elected. By a unanimous vote the house had agreed to greet his installa- 
tion with a testimonial of their gratitude for his military exertions iu 


behalf of Virginia. This was conveyed to him in a graceful speech from 
Mr. Robinson, speaker of the House. Washington rose to reply, blushed, 
stammered, trembled— and was dumb. **Sit down, I^. Washington," 
said the Speaker, *' your modesty equals /our vdor, and that surpaatieB 
e force of any language I possess." 

During the next sixteen years Washington's time was occupied with his 
property interests and in attendance on the sessions of the House of Bur- 
gesseSy of which he continued a member. His residence was at Mount 
Vernon, and his growing reputation drew about him there many distin- 
guished guests, whom he entertained with true Virginian hospitality. 

His own home life was exceedingly simple. He was an early riser, 
often leaving his room before daybreak of a winter's morning. He break- 
fasted at seven in summer, and eight in winter, his breakfast usually con- 
sisting of two small cups of tea and three or four "hoecakes." Immedi- 
ately after breakfast he mounted his horse and made a personal inspec- 
tion of the work on his estate. At two he dined, eating heartily, and 
drinking small beer or cider, followed by two glasses of old Madeira. He 
took tea, of which he was very fond, early in the evemng, and retired for 
the night at nine o'clock. 

The troubles between the colonists and Great Britain engaged the atten- 
tion of the House of Burgesses during the last years of Washin^n's 
attendance on that body, and he was a member of that House which was 
dissolved by the royal governor for sympathizing with the colonists of 
Massachusetts in regard to the " Boston Port Bill. ' 

He was a delegate from Virginia to the first Continental Congress, in 
1774, and continued in his seat until in June, 1775, at the request of his 
colleagues he resigned to assume command of the Continental army. July 
3, 1775, General Washington took up his headquarters at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, welcomed with unbounded enthusiasm by his troops. IHie 
thoughts of a Csesar, the ambition of an Alexander, might be supposed to 
have swelled his heart that day. But at its close, he wrote to his friend 
and neighbor, George William Fairfax, then in England : 

" Unhappy it is to reflect that a brother's sword has been sheathed in a 
brother's breast, and that the once happy and peaceful plains of America 
are to be either drenched with blood or inhabited by slaves. Sad alterna- 
tive! But can a virtuous man hesitate in his choice?" 

The eight years of the Revolutionary War now ensued, during which 
time Washington was constantly at the post of duty assigned him ; now 
commanding the battle on the fields of Trenton, of Princeton and of Brandy- 
wine ; now quelling the factious spirit of subordinate officers who thought 
themselves able to command because they could not obey, and anon 
encouraging with kind words and little acts of self-sacrifice the drooping 
spirits and failing hopes of his sorely-tried army; now appealing to Con- 
eresB for munitions of war. for bread for his soldiers, and for soldiers to 


recruit his thinning ranks, and anon, kneeling in the snowj dark- 
ness of the winter's night at Valley Forge, and appealing to the Gkxl of 
battles and of right ; now rebuking Lee on the field of Monmouth ; and 
now seated on his white charger at the head of his victorious troops at 
Yorktown, reoeivinff from the representative of Cornwallis the sword whose 
surrender betokened the downfall of the British cause iu America. 

April 19, 1783, eight years from the battle ot Lexington, cessation of 
hostilities between the two armies was proclaimed, and on the 3d of Sep- 
tember following a definite treaty of peace, as between two equal nations, 
was concluded and signed in Paris, by the representatives of Great Britain 
and of the United States of America. In October, 1783, Congress dis- 
banded the troops enlisted for the war, and Washington put tbrth his fare- 
well address to the army. 

. December 4, 1783, in the public room of a tavern at the comer of Broad- 
way and Pearl streets. New York City, Washington, " with a heart full of 
love and gratitude," to quote his words, took leave of the officers who had 
served under him. Each in turn grasped his hands in farewell, while tears 
fell upon their cheeks, and upon tlie forehead of each of his companions 
in arms he left a kiss of farewell. 

At noon on the 23d of December, he entered the legislative hall at 
Annapolis, and resigned to Congress the authority with which he had 
been commissioned eight years before. Accompanied by his wife he at 
once set out for their loved Mount Vernon, which they reached on 
Christmas Eve, 1783. 

Washington now participated little in public affairs except to attend as 
delegate the Philademhia convention in Alay, 1787, which framed the Fed- 
eral Constitution. He was unanimously chosen tu preside over this con- 
vention, which duty fulfilled, he returned to Mount Vernon, and to private 


A few months befsre the disbanding of the army the "Society of the 
Cincinnati" was formed, and Washington was made its Presidenttien- 
end, an office which he held until his death. The objects of the anociu- 
tion were to promote cordial friendship among tiie soldiers of the Revolu- 
tionary army, and to extend aid to such members of the society as niiu;ht 
ne^ it. To perpetuate tlie association it was provided in the constituUun 
that the eldest male descendant of a member should be entitled to wear 
the "Order" and enjoy the privileges of the society. The "Order," or 
badge, consists of a guld eagle suspended upon a ribbon, on the breast of 
which is a medallion, with a device representing Cincinnatus receiving 
the Roman Senators. 

History repeated itself upon the day when, on the 14th of March, 1789, 
Charles Thompson, Secretary of Congress, waited on Washington to 
inform him that he was chosen under the new Constitution as uie first 
President of the United States. The soldier-farmer-statesman was found 
making the daily tour of his fields. 


Aooepting the office, Washington made immediate preparations for his 
journey to the seat of government His first duty was to his mother. 
Toward evening of the day on which he accepted Uie highest dignity of 
the nation, he rode from Mount Vernon to Fredericksburg, and knelt 
beside the chair of her to whom he owed the qualities which made him 
worthy of the honor bestowed upon him. 

It was a touching interview, and, as both felt, their la&t meeting on 
earth, for the venerable lady was now past eighty years of age, and suffer- 
ing ijTom an incurable disease. She ^ve him a mother^s blessing, and sent 
him to fullfil the high destinies to which Heaven had called him. Before 
his return to Virginia her death occurred, in August, 1789. 

April 6, Washmgton left Mount Vernon for New York, accompanied, as 
fSsLr as Alexandria, by a cavalcade of his neighbors and friends. At every 
step of his journey he was greeted with demonstrations of reverence and 
love. At Georgetown he was received with honors ; at Baltimore he was 
feasted ; near Philadelphia he rode under a triumphal arch of laui*el, and 
little Angelica Peall, concealed amon^ the foliage, placed upon his head 
a civic crown of laurel, while from tne assembled multitude went up a 
shout of: ''Long live George Washington I long live the Father of his 
Country." When he crossed the Delaware at Trenton, scene of his victor- 
ies and defeats in his struggle with Cornwallis, he passed under an arch, 
supported by thirteen pillars, which had been erected by the women of 
New Jersey and bore the words : ^'The defender of the mothers will be 
the protector of the daughters. ** At Elizabethtown, he was met by a com- 
mittee from the two houses of Congress, and by a deputation of civil and 
military officers. They had in waiting a magnificent barge manned by 
thirteen pilots in white uniforms. In this the president-elect was conveyed 
to New York, where every display had been made in honor of his coming. 

April 30, 1789, the inauguration took place, the chancellor of New York 
State, Robert K. Livingston administering the oath. The bible used was 
Uien and is now the property of the St John Lodge of Free Masons of 
New York City. When the ceremony was ended, President Washing^)n 
proceeded at once to the Senate Chamber and pronounced a most impres- 
sive inaugural address, and the new government was ready to enter upon 
its duties. 

In the fall of 1792, he was elected to a second term as President of the 
United States, and served four years longer. Then, declining another 
re-election, he took leave of the people in a farewell address, issued to the 
country September 17, 1796. In this address he appealed to the people 
as the sovereign power in a Republican form of government, to preserve 
the Union as the only hope for the continuance of their liberties and the 
national prosperi^. 

His career as President had been a most honorable one, calmly pursued 
amid trying difficulties, and though often obstructed by the hostile criti- 
eisms of that factious Hpirifc which i« yet the curse of American poli- 



tics. Under his admiDistrations the government had been pat in 
motion, its financial, domestic and foreign policies established, and 
its strength maintained and augmented. 

The remaining years of Washington's life were passed on his estate 
at Mount Vernon. Here, in 1798, he was found at the time of 
threatened war between the United States and France, when Adams 
appointed him commander-in-chief of the American armies, and the 
commission was borne to Mount Yernon by the secretary of war in 
person. Washington was in the fields, superintending his grain har- 
vest, and thither Secretary McHenry repaired. Washington read his 
commission, and, without hesitation, answered: ''The President may 
command me without reserve." Happily the storm-cloud passed 
over, and his patriotism did not again call him from Mount Vernon. 

December 12, 1799, Washington was exposed to a storm of sleet, 
and took a cold which, on the following day, merged into something 
like an attack of membranous croup. All that love and skill could 
do to save him was povi-erless, and death ensued between ten and 
eleven o'clock on the night of the 14th. 

Fitted for all the uses of life, this great man was ready for death. 
To his friend and physician, Dr. Craik, he said : '' I die hard, but I 
am not afiraid to go. And his last words were: '* 'Tis welL" 


Third President of the United States, was bom April 2, 1742, and 
died July 4, 1826, at the age of 84 years. 

Virginia, glorious in the annals of American history as the birth- 
place of a Washington, a Patrick Henry , a Monroe and the Lees, was 
also the place of birth of Thomas Jefferson, the framer of the Declar- 
ation of Independence and the Third President of the United States. 

He was born at Shadwell, Albemarle county, son of Colonel Peter 
Jefferson, a well-known gentleman of means in the province of Vir- 
ginia, and Jane (Randolph) Jefferson, daughter of Isham Randolph, 
of Grooch land county. He received his collegiate education at William 
and Mary College, read law with the celebrated George Wythe, after- 
ward chancellor of the State of Virginia, and began practice in 1767. 

In 1769 he became a member of the House of Burgesses, where he 
served the interests of the colonists until, March 27, 1775, he was 
chosen one of Virginia's representatives in the Continental Congress. 
In 1774, he published his defense of the colonists, entitled, <*Sum- 
mary View of the Rights of British America," wherein he boldly 
set forth such doctrines that Lord Dunmore, then governor of 
the province, threatened him with a prosecution for high treason. 
June 1, 1776, Lord Dunmore presented to the legislature of 
Virginia certain resolutions of the British parliament| to whidi 


J(AtoK>n, as chairman of the committee appointed for that purpose, made 
response in one of the ablest State papers on record. 

Wednesday, June 21, 1775, Thomas Jefferson took his seat in the Con- 
tinental Congress, where he soon became conspicuous, both for his talent 
and the ardor with which it was devoted to the cause of liberty. He 
served during the remainder of that year, and through the following year, 
acting on many important committees, and on the 9th of June, 1776, he 
was appointed chairman of that committee to whom was dele«ited the im- 
portant duty of preparing a draft of a Declaration of Indepenaence. When 
ne appended his signature to that document, as amended and accepted, the 
moment was to him the greatest and the gravest of his life. 

After serving actively in Congress durmg the summer of 1776, Mr. Jef- 
ferson returned home, and during the remaining years of the Revolutionary 
war devoted himself mainly to the service of his own State. June 1, 
1779, he was elected governor of Virginia, and as chief magistrate of that 
Commonwealth his patriotism and statesmanship made him an invaluable 
aid to the harassed and overburdened commander of the Continental 
army, then seeing its darkest days. He remained in constant correspond- 
ence with Washington, and gave a soldier^s cheerful obedience to any sug- 
gestions and reouests that General made concerning Virginia. His term 
of office expired June 2, 1780, but as a private citizen he continued to 
serve the State until peace was declared. 

Near the close of 1782, he was appointed ministerplenipotentiary to join 
the rei)resentatives of the United States idready in Europe, but the treaty 
of Paris, in 1783, rendered his services unnecessary, and he remained in 

June 6, 1783, he was apiin chosen delate to Congress, and took his 
seat on the 4th of November following. Sliutsh SO, 1784, he was chosen 
to preside in Congress, and was chairman of that committee which per- 
formed the important work of revising and getting in proper wortong 
order the treasury department May 7, 1784, he was appointed to join 
John Adams and Benjamin Franklin in Paris, and n^tiate treaties of 
conmierce for the United States with foreign nations. Accompanied bv 
his oldest daughter, be set sail in July and joined his colleagues in the fol- 
lowing month. 

March 10, 1785, Mr. Jefferson was unanimously chosen by Congress to 
succeed Dr. Franklin as minister to the court at Versailles, and, re-ap- 
pointed in October, 1787, he remained in France until October, 1789, 
m that time successfully conducting many important and intricate nego- 
tiations in the interest of the United States. 

Immediately upon his return to America, Thomas Jefferson was 
appointed by President Washington Secretary of State, and he conducted 
this department of the new and untried government paist manv perils and 
by many momentous and statesmanlike decisions through the tour years of 


Washington's first administration, redgninff the office December 81, 179o. 

Three years of private lift ensued, and uien again Mr. Jefferson found 
himself in the political arena, this time as the leader of one of the two 
political parties into which the American voters had become divided. By 
the party then calling themselves Republicans, Mr. Jefferson was nomin- 
atea tor President, and the Federal party nominated John Adams of Mas- 
sachusetts as his opponent The vote was counted in the presence of both 
houses of Congress in February, 1797, and Mr. Adams receiving the 
majority was declared President, Mr. Jefferson, as was then the law, becom- 
ing vice-president. 

March 4, 1797, he took the oath of office, and as preading officer in the 
Senate, delivered before that body a speech whicn is yet a model of 
dignity, modesty and statesmanship. Much of the four succeedingyears, 
Mr. Jefferson spent in tranquillity at his country home, Monticello. He had 
married New Yearns Day, 1772, Martha, daughter of John Wayles, a distin- 
guished lawyer of Charles City county, Virginia, and their union had been 
Blessed with two beautiful daughters. The death of the wife and mother 
occurred about ten years subsequent to her marriage, and toward his two 
children Mr. Jefferson always manifested a mother's tenderness combined 
with a father^s care. 

When the time for another presidential election approached, Mr. Jefibr- 
■on was again the candidate of his party, his opponent being Aaron Burr of 
New York. The vote was a tie, and the election devolved upon the 
House of fiepresentatives. After thirty-five ineffectual ballots, a member 
from Maryland, authorized by Mr. Burr, withdrew that geatleman's name, 
and on the thirty-sixth ballot Mr. Jefierson was elected president, Colonel 
Burr becoming vice-president 

March 4, 1801, President Jefferson delivered his inaugural address 
in the presence of both Houses of Congress, in which, among many wise 
utterances, were the following words, which embody the only safe princi- 
ples tor the American government : 

''Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or persuasion, 
religious or political ; peace, commerce and honest friendship with all 
nations, entangling alliances with none.** 

In December, 1801, President Jefierson established the custom of send- 
ing a President's annual message to the houses of Congress. Before that 
time the president had in person made the communication, to which the 
Speaker, m behalf of Congress, had at once replied in a formal address. 

Re-elected to the presidency, Jefferson served two terms, his second term 
of office expiring March 4, 1809. The record of his administrations is a 
matter of the history of the country. 

At the age of sixt^-six, Thomas Jefferson retired to private life at Monti- 
cello, nor cud he again engage in public affairs. Here he passed fifteen 
tranquil years, surrounded by friends and admirers, and in the happy con- 


sciousneaB of the growing and assured prosperity of the country lie loved. 

His last public utterances were embodied in a letter addressed June 24, 
1826y to a committee who desired his attendance at the coming anniversary 
of Independence Day. The letter is marked by that statesmanship which 
characterized all his words to the people. Among its utterances was the 

**A11 eyes are opened, or are opening to the rights of man. The gen- 
eral spread of the lights of science has already laid open to eveij view the 
palpable truth that the mass of mankind has not be^n bom with saddles 
on their backs, nor a favoured few, booted and spurred, ready to ride them 
l^itimately, * by the grace of God ! '" 

Two days after this letter was written, an indisposition under which Mr. 
JeBerson was laboring assumed a more serious form, and his death was 
anticipated. But he rallied on the 2d of July, and, on ascertaining the 
date, eagerly expressed a wish that he might live to see the dawn of the 
fiftieth anniversary of Independence. His wish was granted. He lived 
until one o'clock of the afternoon of July 4, 1826, passing then from this 
world to another with the tranquillity with which tne philosopher's life is 


Fourth President of the United States, was bom March 16, 1751, and 
died June 28, 1836, in his 85th year. 

He was born at King George, King George county, Virginia, his 
father an opulent planter of that province. The oldest of seven chil- 
dren, he received the best education the times afforded. He was 
prepared for college under the instructions of a private tutor, Bev. 
Thomas Martin, and entered Princeton, from which university he 
was graduated in 1771, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. 

The movement toward American Independence was thus well begun 
when he stepped into the arena of public life. Li 1775 he was a memoer 
of the committee of safety of Orange county, and in 1776 represented that 
county in the Virginia Convention. In 1777 Uie House of Delegates 
elected him to the executive council of Virginia, and of that body he con- 
tinued a leading member until the close of 1779. 

In 1779 he was chosen to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress, 
where he took his seat March 20, 1780. He remained in Congress nearly 
four years, or until the first Monday of November, 1783. He was thus a 
member of that body during the last years of the Revolutionary war, and 
a part of the first year following the peace. During this time he had an 
opportunity to observe the inefhciency of the confederated form of govern- 
ment, and was active in all the remedial measures that were propoeed io 

J^a^*/^ *^et^t^t/Ki 


In 1784, Mr. Madison was elected to fhe State Legidatare of Yirginia, 
and by annual re-elections continued a member of that body until 
Novembeor, 1786, when, having become re-eligible as a candidate for 
Congress, he was returned to the national legislature, and resumed official 
position tliere February 12, 1787. 

During hismembership in the State legislature he became the champion 
of religious liberty. In 1784 Thomas Jefferson had introduced in the 
Virginia l^ieOature a <' Bill for the Establishment of Religious Freedom.' 
At diat time all colonists were taxed for the support of the Church of 
England and its clergy, although many were indinerent to that form of 
worship, and others were earnestly opposed to it on the ground of 
conscientious scruples. The bill failed to pass that year, and in 1785, Mr. 
Jefierson being absent from the State legislature, tfames Madison took up 
the bill, and urged and achieved its passage, agaonst strong opposition. 

In the same and the following year, as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee, he presided over and asnrted in the revision of the statutes of 


May 9, 1787, the committee which prepared the Federal Constitution 
was convened at Philadelphia, and James Madison was a delegate firom 
Virginia. Four months of anxious deliberation and steady labor enabled 
this committee to report, on tiie 17th of September, the articles which, 
when amended and adopted, became the Constitution of the United 

In 1789, Sfodison was elected to the first House of Representatives 
under the new Constitution. He served untU the dose of Washington's 
administration, and then retired to private life. 

In 1794, he was united in marriage with Mrs. Todd, n^ DoUy Payne, 
widow of a distinguished lawyer or Philadelphia. The lady was a Vir- 

S'nian by birth, a member of the Payne family, and a sister of the wife of 
eor^e S. Washington. Her marriage with James Madison was consum- 
mated in what is now Jefferson county, West Virginia, at a substantial 
stone mansion which is still standing in an excellent state of preservation. 
This house has many historical associations, having been built in 1752 by 
Samuel Washington, eldest full brother of Greoree Washington, who 
occasionally visited here. Here, too, Louis Phillippe was entertained 
durinff his visit to America, and in the sitting-room where Madison and 
Mrs. Todd were married, is a mantle presented to the family by General 
La Fajrette. 

During Jefferson's administrations, 1801-9, Madison was his most inti- 
mate adviser outside of his cabinet, and the friendship between the two 
men continued throughout Madison's administration, where the direction 
of the statesmanship of Jefferson could be often seen. 

March 4, 1809, James Madison assumed the duties of President of the 
United States, to which office he had been elected by a majority of 122 
out of 176 electoral votea. ^ w ^ 


Bfadison's administration continued through eight yearSy its most impor- 
tant event being the war of 1812. During this war the British obtained 
possession of AVashin^n, August 24, 1814, and plundered and destroyed 
with fire a large portion of the city. Mrs. Madison, then presiding at the 
White House, was obliged to seek safety in flight Her carriage stood at 
the door, and her frienos were urging her immediate departure, when she 
returned to her drawing-ruom and cut from its frame a lull-length picture 
of Washington. ''Save it, or destroy it," she commanded the gentlemen 
who were in attendance upon her; '^ but do not let it fidl into the hands of 
the British ! " Then she entered the carriage which conveyed her, with 
other ladies, to a place of refuge beyond the Potomac. The treasure she 
took from the White House in her own hands, and held concealed in her 
wrappings as she was drivea away, was the precious parchment upon 
which was engrossed the Declaration of Independence, with its fifty-two 
signatures. . ^ 

March 4, 1817j MadisoQ^s long^ and useful connection with national 
affairs terminated, and h^ retired to his farm of Montpelier in Virginia, 
where his life was peacefully ended. iNineteen years of private life pre- 
ceded his death, and the time was lar^ly devoted by him to the proauo- 
tion of the voluminous writings which he left to posterity. 

From his earliest yeajrs he had been a hard student, with tenacious 
memory; he led a life of spotless virtue upon which the breath of calumnv 
never rested; his bearing Was both modest and dignified; his speech 
always clear and concise; his public career distinguished by hones^ and 
sinjelenees of purpose., 

Some time after his death Congress purchased fiom his widow, for 
130,000, all his MSS., and a portion of them have been published under 
the title, '* The Madison Papers." . 

Ifrs. Madison survived her husband some years, dying in Waahington, 
July 12, 1849, and they left no children. . 


Fifth Prerident of the United States, wa0 bom April 28, 1768, and died 
July 4, 1831, in his 74th year. 

Mis birth was in Westmoreland county^ Virginia, and he was a lineal 
descendant of one of the first patentees of that province. His fiither was 
Bpinice Monrbe, a well-known and wealthy planter of Weatmorekind 

At the time Independence was declared, James Monroe was a ritudent 
in William and Mary College. Without finishing his course there he en- 
tered the army as a cadet His military career, though hrief^ was glori- 


oiUL He ^ve his young manhood to his ooantrj's service in the hour of 
her adveraty ; he joined her standard when ethers were d oseiU ng il; hai^ 
paired to Washington's headquarters when the army had dwindled to the 
ver^ of dissolution, and Great Britian was pouring her native troops and 
foreign mercenaries hy thousands upon our coasts; he was one of the 
heroes who followed Washington in his perilous mid-winter joumev across 
the Delaware ; he fought at Harlem, at White Plains, and at Ireaton, 
and was wounded in the last named engagement 

He was promoted for gallantry on the field, and returned to the army 
to serve as aide-de-camp to Liord Sterling, through the campaign of 1777- 
78, taking part in the engagements of Brandywine, Germantown and 

After this campaign Monroe left the army, and engaged in the study of 
law, with Thomas Jefierson. In 1781 he served as a volunteer with the 
Virginia forces, when that State was invaded by the armies of Comwallis 
and Arnold, and at the reouest of the governor of Virginia he visited the 
more Southern States, 1780, to collect military information. 

In 1782 he was elected a member of the Virginia legislature, and by 
the legislature appointed a member of the executive council. June 9, 
1783, he was elected to the House of Representatives, where he took his 
seat on the 13th of December following. He continued a member of this 
body until the close of the session of 1786. 

In the last named year he married a daughter of Lawrence Kortright, 
ot New York City, and took up his residence in Frederickbur^, Spottsvl- 
vania county, Virginia. He was elected to a seat in the Virgmia l^isla- 
ture, and served three years. 

In 1790 he was chosen United States Senator, and served until 1794. 
He was then appointed to succeed Gouveneur Morris as minister at the 
French Court The appointment was made upon the recommendation of 
President Washington and one of the first acts of President Adams was to 
recall Monroe. 

During Monroe's ministry in France, his views upon the ouestion of the 
neutrality of the United States in the war between Englana and France, 
then the paramount subject of consideration in America, were not in 
hurmony with the administration, and his course of action was sevonely 
censured, and his national popularity for a time decreased. 

Virginia, however, stood oy the son of her soiL His own county, 
immediately upon his arrival home, returned him to the State legislature, 
and the votes of the people transferred him thence to the gubernatorial 
ohadr. As governor ne served three years (1799-1802), the term limited 
by the State constitution. 

Li 1802 he visited France, appointed by Jeflbrson as envoy extra- 
ordinary to act with Mr. Livingstone at the court of Napoleon. He 
asufted in the negotiations for the purchase of Louisiana, and then joined 

J^--7>.^-<^^ ^^^Z^-l-c-ftr^^ 


Mr. Pinckney in Spun, to a»i8t in the settlement of some boundary quee- 
tions. In 1807 he went from Spain to England, to protest against the 
impressment of American seamen, and with Mr. Pinckney to negotiate 
a treaty with Great Britain. Five years had nQw been given by Mr. 
Monroe to public duties abroad, and finding no success attending his efforts 
to ratify a treaty with Great Britain, h^ returned to America, reaching 
homo in the closing month of 1807. 

At the next State election he was again called to the chief majgistracy 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, which oHice he filled until, in 1811, 
he was called to a seat as Secretary of State, in the cabinet of President 
Madison. This ofHce he held until the close of President Madison's sec- 
ond term, with the exception of about six months, the last months of the 
second war with Great Britain, when he discharged the more arduous 
duties of Secretary of the War Department 

On the retirement of President Madison, in 1817, James Monroe was 
chosen fiflh President of the United States, and in 1821, was re-elected 
without opposition. His opponent in the canvass of 1816 was Rufus 
King, of New York, who received only 34 electoral votes, Mr. 
Monroe receiving 183. Only one vote was cast against him at his second 
election, one of the New Hampshire electors voting for John Quincy 
Adams. Monroe's electoral vote was 228. 

The distinguishing act of President Monroe's administration, at least 
that in which posterity is most interested, was the assertion of what has 
since become known as **The Monroe Doctrine.* It was first formulated 
by President Monroe in his annual message to Congress in 1824. 

"The occasion has been judged proper for asserting, as a principle in 
which the rights of the United States aro involved, tnat the American 
oontinents, by the free and independent condition which they have 
assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for 
future colonization by any European powers.* 

In popular language, and in the widest sense of the words, this may be 
interpreted as : '' America for Americans," including, of course, all who 
choose to become American citizens. 

During his administrations Monroe encouraged the army, increased the 
navy, protected commerce, and infused vigor and efficiency in every 
department of the jjublic service. March 4, 1825, he retired to his resi- 
dence of Oak Hill, in Loudoun county, Virginia. 

In the winter of 1829-30, he presided over a convention called to revise 
the constitution of Virginia, but an increasing indisposition necessitated 
his withdrawal from the convention before its labors were ended, and he 
never again participated in public afl&irs. In the summer of 1830 his 
beloved wife died, and he was unable to bear the solitude of the home her 
presence had so many years brightened. He removed to New York City, 
making his home with his son-in-law, Samud L. Gouveneor, whero we 
few remaining months of his life were passed. 


Mr. Monroe had been a poor financier in personal matters, ^t- 
though he had inherited considerable property, and his wife had 
brought him as much more, and althongh he had received 9850,000 
for public services, in his last days pecuniary embarassments were 
added to his bodily infirmities, and his old age was harassed hy debt. 
In 1858 the remains of ex-President Monroe were removed, with great 
pomp, from New York to Kichmond, Virginia, and on July 5th were 
re- interred in Hollywood cemetery. 

The members of President Monroe's cabinet were: Secretary of 
State, John Quincy Adams, of Massachusetts, 1817-1825; Secretary 
of the Treasury, Wm. H. Crawford, of Georgia, 1817-1825; Secre- 
tary of War, Geo. Graham, ad interim; John C. Calhoun, of South 
Carolina, December, 1817, to March, 1825. (President Monroe ten- 
dered this position to Isaac Shelby, governor of Kentucky, who did 
not qualify, and in December, 1817, declined the office on account of 
advanced age.) Secretary of the Navy, Benjamin "W. Crowninshield, 
of Massachusetts, March, 1817, to November, 1818; Smith Thompson, 
of New York, November, 1818, to Dc omber, 1823 ; Samuel L. South- 
ard, of New Jersey, December, 1823, to March, 1826. Attorney Gen- 
eral, Eichard Bush, of Pennsylvania, March to November, 1817; 
William Wirt, of Virginia, November, 1817, to March, 1825. The 
office of Postmaster General for these eight years was filled by Eetorn 
Jonathan Meigs, March, 1817, to. June, 1823, then by John McLean, 
of OhiOi until March, 1825. 


Ninth President of the United States, was born February 9,^ 1773, 
and died April 4, 1841, in his 69th year. 

On the banks of the James river, in Charles City county, Virginia, 
lies the beautiful estate called Berkeley, for several generations the 
home of the Harrisons. Here was born Benjamin Harrison, signer 
of the Declaration of Independence, and his third son was William 
Henry Harrison. 

He received his scholastic education at Hampden-Sidney College, 
and then began the study of medicine in Philadelphia. But about 
that time an army was K&thering to be sent against the Indians of the 
Northwest, and young Harrison displayed an inclination toward mill- 
tary life. At the age of nineteen he received from President Wash- 
ington an ensign's commission, and joined the army, under General 
St Clair. In 1792 he was promoted to a lieutenancy, and in 1794 he 
fought under ''Mad Anthony" Wayne, whose aidde-camp he became. 

In 1795, Harrison was commissioned captain and placed in command 
at Fort WashingtODi now the site of Cincinnati. Here he was joined in 
marriage with a daughter of John Cieves Symmes, a pioneer in that 


kNmlitjy who first lud out the tract of country on which CSnoiniiati now 
stands. Harrison's wife survived him more than twenty years, dying at 
their home in North Bend, Ohio, February 26, 1864. 

In 1797, Harrison was appointed secretary of the Northwestern Terri- 
tory, and resigned his mmtary commission. Two years later, he was 
elected the first delegate to Congress from the territory. General 6t Clair 
was then ^vemor of the territory, which included the present States of 
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan. 

In 1801 the Northwestern Territory was divided, Indiana was erected 
into a separate territorial government, embracing what is now the States of 
Indiana, Illmob, Michigan and Wisconsin, and William Henry Harrison 
was appointed first governor of the new territory. 

By consecutive re-appointments Harrison was continued chief magistrate 
of Indiana until 1813. During this time he also held the official position 
of commissioner of Indian afiairs, and concluded thirteen important treat- 
ies with the different Northwestern tribes. His knowledge of the Indian 
character and the respect with which he was regarded by them on account 
of his fighting qualities, enabled him to conduct these treaties greatly to 
the advantage of the government 

Before the expiration of his last two veare^ service as eovemor, Harrison 
had a^ain distinguished himself by his military skiU, and was again 
embarked upon a military career. Among hb other achievements was the 
successful resistance of his troop of 800 men against a night attack of the 
followers of Tecumseh, led on and incited by his brother, the Prophet. 
This was the engagement on the night of the 6th and morning of the 7th 
of November, 1811, made famous in subsequent history and song as the 
'• Battle of Tippecanoe." 

As early as the spring of 1810 the hostile preparations of the Indians 
of the Northwest, under direction of Tecumsen and his brother, induced 
Governor Harrison to call them to account. In August they met the gov- 
ernor in council at Vincennes, where the appearance of 700 disciplined 
troop of militia somewhat abated the ardor of the brothers for an imme- 
diate conflict In the following year, however, Tecumseh succeeded in 
forming a league of the Choctaws, Chickasaws and Creeks i^ainst the 
whites, and Harrison, using the discretionary power vested in him, gath- 
ered a force from his own territory and fn)m Kentucky, at Vincennes, 
and late in September, 1811, marched up the Wabash valley toward the 
town of the Prophet, near the junction of Tippecanoe creek and the 
Wabash river. On the way he built a fort near the site of the present 
dty of Terre Haute, which was called Fort Harrison. 

In the banning of November, the governor and his troops encamped 
on what became the battle-field of Tippecanoe. Tecumseh hiMd gone south 
to arouse Uie Indians of Florida, and the Prophet rashly undertook to give 
battle to Harrison, believing the camp could oe surprised and an easy mmI 



bloody victory given his deladed foUowem. The result made HatriioD 
thepopular hero of Tippecanoe. 

Early in 1812, Harrison was brevetted major-general in the Kentucky 
militia, and later in the same year, in September, was appointed briCTdier 
general of the regular United States army, with command of the North- 
western division. In 1813, he received commission as major-general of 
the i^gular army. 

His services in the war with Great Britain were continued until 1814, 
during which time the battle of the Thames,^ and other victories in the 
lake country, were added to his laurels. In consequence of a misunderstand- 
ing with A.rmstrone, secretary of war in 1814, General Harrison resigned 
his commission, and retired to his farm at North Bend. 

He, however, served the government as Indian commissioner in nego- 
tiating the treaties of peace, and in 1816, resumed public life as member 
of Congress, from the Cincinnati district. After serving in the House 
three years, he was chosen, in 1819, to the State Senate of Ohio, and 
served in that position five years. 

In 1824 he became a member of the United States Senate from Ohio, 
and was given the chairmanship of the military commission. In 1828 
John Qumcy Adams appointed him minister to Colombia, South America, 
but Jackson recalled him during the first year of his administration. 

For the twelve succeeding ^ears General Harrison lived in private life, 
his only public functions m that time being the discharge of the 
duties of clerk of the court of Hamilton county, Ohio. In 1836 the 
Whig party made him their candidate for the chief magistracy, and he 
received 73 electoral votes. Van Buren, the Democratic candidate, and 
the protege of the retiring president, Jackson, was elected ; but the finan- 
cial depression which accompanied his administration rendered it unpopu- 
lar, and save the Whigs an opportunity to gain the next election. 

Decemoer 4, 1 839, General Harrison received the nomination from the 
Whig party, and the canvass which followed was the most remarkable one 
diat had been witnessed in American politics to that date. It was the 
** log cabin and hard cider" campaign; the "Tippecanoe and Tyler too* 
campaign. The press and politicians who rallied about Van Buren 
brought forward as a slur against Harrison that he lived in a log cabin and 
drank nothing but hard cider. The friends of Harrison caught up the 
implied reproach and made it their rallying cry. Their political meet' 
ings were held in halls on whose walls were inscribed the words, '* log 
cabin and hard cider," their processions were headed by banners bearing 
the inscription, and accompanied by miniature log cabins borne in teams 
or on the shoulders of Harrison supporters. 

A wave of popular enthusiasm swept the country, landing William 
Henry Harrison in the White House, March 4, 1841, with 234 electoral 
votes, and stranding Martin Van Buren at Kinderhook, he having 
received only 60 electoral votes. 

VinarxrA and virgtnfanB. te9 

The new president, a man of dender constitution and now almost three 
score and ten years of age, entered upon his presidential duties after this 
exciting campaign, only to fiJl a victim to an illness which in eight days 
from its first appearance culminated in his death just one month from the 
day on which he took the oath of office. 


Tenth President of the United States, was bom March 29, 1790» and died 
January 17, 1862, in his 72d year. ^ * 

He was born in Charles City county, Virginia, the second son of John 
Tyler, a patriot of the Bevolution, and governor of Virginia, 1808-11. 
John Tyler, sr., was also made a judge of admiralty for Virginia, and wat 
holding that office at the time of his death, in 1813. His wife, the mothei 
of the subject of this sketch, was Mary, only child of Robert' Armstead, 
whose ancestors emigrated to Virginia from Hesse-Darmstadt, in early 
colonial days. 

John Tyler received a collegiate and legal training, being graduated 
from William and Mary College in 1807, and admitted to the bar in 1809. 
He was never in active practice of his profession, entering public life in 
1811, when he was elected to the State legislature. 

He served five years in the legislature, or until his election, in 1816, to 
fill a vacancy in Congress. To this position he was twice re-elected. Id 
the House he was a member of what was becoming known as the Southern 
party. He voted in fisivor of the resolutions of censure on Jackson's con- 
duct in the Seminole war ; and his native vote is recorded against inter 
nal improvements; a^inst United States banks; against a protective 
policy ; and he strong^ opposed and voted against any restriction on the 
extension of slavery into the territories. In 1819 he resigned, on account 
of ill healtii. 

182S-5, he was a leading member of the Virginia legislature, and in 
December, 1825, was chosen governor of that Common wc»&lth, serving two 
terms of one year each. 

In March, 1831, Tyler was chosen to succeed John Randolph of Roan- 
oke, as United States Senator, and in 1833 he was re-appointed. During 
his term in the Senate he was one of the most active members of that body. 
His vote was almost invariably recorded against any act favored by Adams 
and his cabinet. As in the House, he now set himself against internal 
improvements, and a protective tariff. He voted against the tariff bill of 
1828, and during the debate on Clay's tariff resolutions, session of 1831-32, 
Tyler spoke three days on the question. He opposed direct protection, 
and argued for a tariff for revenue, with incidental protection to home in* 


In 1832, he was in sympathy with the nullification movement of Bonth 
Carolina, and spoke against the " force bill.'' The bill passed the Senate 
with only one negative vote recorded. Calhoun and others of its oppo- 
nents retired from the chamber when the motion was to be put, and only 
John Tyler voted against it. He also voted for Clay's '' compromise bill," 
by which the trouble was adjusted. 

Receiving from his constituents a request that a vote of his should be 
expunged from the records, Tyler resigued and returned to Virginia 
before the expiration of his second term of service in the Senate. He 
removed to Williamsburg, James City county, and became affiliated in 
politics with the Southern Whig movement. From this party he received 
the nomination for vice-president in 1836, and for that office the electoral 
vote was given him in tne States of Maryland, G^rgia, South Carolina 
and Tennessee. 

In 1838, the James county Whigs elected him to the State legislature, 
where he served until he received the nomination for vice-president in 
1839. The Whig delegates convened at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
December 4, 1839, and Tyler was present as a member of the convention 
from Virginia. They nominated Harrison and Tyler, and these candi- 
dates were elected in the following year, entering upon their respective 
offices March .4, 1841. 

On the death of President Harrison, one month later, John Tyler became 
his constitutional successor. He was called to Washington from his home 
in Williamsburg, by Harrison's cabinet, on the 4th of April (the day on 
which tiie president died), and he reached the national capital at four 
o'clock on tne morning of the 6th. At noon the ministers called upon him 
in a body, and Judge Cranch administered to him the oath of office. To 
the supporters of the administration gathered about him, Tyler said: 
**You nave only exchanged one Whig for another." 

His course as chief executive of the nation was not in consonance with 
this assurance. Before a year had elapsed he had lost the confidence of 
the Whig party, principally by his veto of the bank bill, which was strictiy 
a Whig measure. When the bill had been amended so as, it was thought, 
to meet his approval, and had been again vetoed, his entire cabinet (the 
one chosen by Harrison) resigned, with the exception of Daniel Webster, 
Secretary of State, who was then engaged in important negotiations with 
England, and who resigned as soon as those negotiations were completed. 
During the three remaining years of his administration, Tyler was three 
times compelled to form a new cabinet 

In May, 1844, a Whig convention assembled at Baltimore, Maryland, 
nominated Tyler for the presidency, and the nomination was accepted. 
But the convention was not a voice of the people, being composed princi* 
pally of office holders under Tyler, and the president, finding that his 
defeat at the polls was certain, withdrew his acceptance of the nomination, 
and at the end of his four years retired to private life. 


Mr. Tyler's administration had been a stormj one, as tbe maii)^ 
cabinet changes sufficiently indicate. Sincere in his attachment to 
the Whig party, he was no sooner surrounded by its leaders, than he 
saw that the policy they would have dictated was one not for tbe 
country's interests. However painful his position was made by that 
knowledge, however much his consequent actions, necessarily antag- 
onistic to party ends, were condemned, he was faithful to his own 
more statesmanlike views. In less than twenty years his coarse was 
justified. In less than twenty 3*ears the party he had endeavored to 
hold in check had become, under another name, a party bent upon 
plunging the country into civil war. 

In February, 1861, he presided over the Peace Congress which was 
convened in Washington, pursuant to a call from the Legislature of 
Virginia, but he had no hope of good results from its deliberations. 
In a public speech in Bichmond, Virginia, the day following that on 
which the Congress closed its session, he stated that the South had 
nothing to hope, but in separation. Acting upon his convictions, Mr. 
Tyler renounced his allegiance to the government, and entered upon 
active labors in behalf of the Southern Confederacy. He was one of 
the committee who, in April, 1861, transferred to the service of the 
Confederate government, the military forces of Virginia, and when 
the seat of that government was established at Bichmond, Virginia, 
he was a member of its Congress. In that capacity ho was serving 
when his death occurred* 


Twelfth President of the United States, was born November 24, 1784, 
and died July 9, 1850, aged 66 years. 

His birth was in Orange county, Virginia, and he was a son of Col- 
onel Bichard and Sarah (Strothers) Taylor, both parents of eminent 
Virginia families. The Virginian Taylors were allied to the oldest 
and most distinguished families in that State — the Madisons, the 
Lees, the Pendletons, the Barbours, the Conways, the Gaincses, the 
Hunts, the Taliaferros. 

But the character of our twelfth President seems to have been 
largely determined by the rude border life in which his childhood 
and youth were passed. Battling with the hardships and dangers 
of frontier life, rather than Virginia cultivation, stamped the charac- 
ter of him who was to be known as " Old Bough and Beady.** 

In 1785, Colonel Taylor settled with his little fiamily in Kentucky, in 
what is now Jefferson county, two miles from the Ohio river, and five 
miles from the present site of Louisville. Here young Zachary grew to 


Bumbood, his earlier years spent in the acqaisition of such book knowledge 
ts could be obtained ; and his time, when he had grown old enough and 
Btrone enough, given to the actual labors of the farm, where he worked 
with his father until he was nearly twenty-four years old. 

His book learning was confined to a knowledge of reading, writing, 
spelling, and plain arithmetic, but during his boyhood's days he also 
acquired a love for military life from the many border skirmishes with the 
Indians of which he was a spectator, or in which he participated. His 
instructor in the arts of warfare was one Whetsel, a noted border charac- 
ter, who taught young Taylor how to load and "fire running." The lat- 
ter accompli^ment Taylor never availed himself of 

May 3, 1808, Zachary Taylor received a commission as first lieutenant 
in the 7th United States Infantry, and his regiment marched under Har- 
rison in his expedition against the Indians of the Northwest. Taylor was 
now in active service until the close of the second war with Enghmd. In 
the beginning of the year 1812, President Madison commissioned him cap* 
tain, and he was placed in command of Fort Harrison, on the Wabash. 

Here he achieved the first of those brilliant victories which in after 
years formulated the axiom, '' Taylor never surrenders," on which his sol- 
diers enthusiastically relied. On the night of September 4, 1812, a band 
of 400 Indians fell upon the fort, expecting to surprise it and massacre its 
garrison. They succeeded, in the first onslaught, in firing the block-house, 
in which the garrison's stock of whisky was stored, and it burned with un- 
controllable fury. Captain Taylor, then only twenty-eight years of age, 
found himself shut up in a burning fort, with 400 savages outside its 
walls, and only fifty men at his command, twenty-six of them sick with 
malarial fever, and unfitted for duty. He calmed the women and child- 
ren, encouraged the men, directed the control of the flames, held the fort 
and defeated the enemy. For this victory he was brevetted major by 
President Madison. 

In 1816, Major Taylor was ordered to Green Bay, and remained in com- 
mand of that post for two years. Then returning to Kentucky he passed 
one year with his family, and was then ordered to New Orleans. In 1822 
he superintended the erection of Fort Jesup; in 1824 was in the re- 
cruiting service, then ordered to Washington, and thence to the South 
again. He had been made lieutenant-colonel in 1819, and in 1832 was 
promoted to the rank of colonel. The contest known as the ''Black 
Hawk War" opened in 1832, and Colonel Taylor commanded the expedi- 
tion which resulted in the defeat and capture of Black Hawk. His mili- 
tary decision was shown in this campaign by his control of his own troops, 
as much as bv his action against the enemy. The pursuit of Black 
Hawk's band had brought the troops to Rock Biver, the northwestern 
boundary of Illinois. Here the militia, called out (as thev claimed) to 
defend their State, considered their services ended. The orders of Taylor 
were to continue the pursuit with his ** full army." 


The militia held a sort of town meeting, at which Taylor was preeent 
Deceived by his quiet manner, the leader 9 of the movement for dismtnding 
grew insolent, ana the spirit of mutiny was augmented by their inflam- 
matory speeches. When Taylor had listened to several of these gentle- 
men, his own speech was ready : '' Grentlemen, the word has been passed 
on to me from Washington to follow Black Hawk, and to take you with 
me as soldiers. I mean to do both. There are the flat boats drawn up/on 
the shore, and here are Uncle Sam's men drawn up behind you on the 
prairie." The militia did not disband that day. 

A^r the Black Hawk war, Colonel Taylor was in command at Fort Craw- 
ford, Prairie du Chien, where he remained until, in 1836, his services were 
required in Florida in the Seminole war. In Florida he won the battle of 
Okee-chobee, January, 1838, and was promoted to brigadier-general. In 
April, 1838, he was appointed to the command of the Florida troops, and 
continued in that responsible portion until he was relieved in April, 1840, 
at his own request 

He was at once appointed to the command of the army of the south- 
west, which comprenended the States of Alabama, liCssisBippi, Arkansas 
and Louisiana, with headquarters at Fort Jesup, in the latter State. 

The annexation of Texas, in 1845, and the consequent war with Mexico, 
next call^ General Taylor into active service. He was ordered to the 
frontier of Texas, and made his headquarters on the Rio Grande del Norte. 

The war which foUowed terminated in success to the American arms and 
independence for Texas, and recorded the name of General Taylor as vic- 
tor at Palo Alto, Beseca de la Palma, Monterey and Beuna Vista. 

The battle of Beuna Vista was the last in which General Taylor en- 
gaged. He returned to his home, now in his 63d year, to find that a por- 
tion of the people desired to reward his services by making him the cnief 
magistrate of the wition. His own views upon accepting the honor ten- 
^ dered him were expressed in a letter written before he len the seat of war. 
He desired to be '' elected by the general voice of the people, without 
regard to their political differences. His want of knowledge of party 
politics is explained, however, in the same letter. He says: ''I have 
never yet exercised the privilege of voting." The soldier had been too 
busy all his life fighting for all America, to interest himself in any sec- 
tional or party question. 

He was nominated by the Whig convention at Baltimore, June 7, 1848, 
and elected in the November following. His opponent was Lewis Cass, 
of Michigan, and the electoral vote stood : Taylor, 163 ; Cass, 127. 

The inaugural ceremonies were observed March 5, 1849, the 4th of 
March that year falling upon Sunday. His administration of afiTairs ex- 
tended over very little more than a year, and was principally occupied in 
long debates over the adjustment of the questions connected with the new 
territory of the United States. 


July 4, 1850, President Taylor attended some national demonstra- 
tionn in honor of the day, in his usual health and Bpirits. In the even- 
ing, wliile overheated, he partook freely of fruits and iced water and 
milk. Within an hour he was seized with cramps which took the form 
of violent cholera morbus, and after lingering in terrible pain until the 
end, death supervened at 1 p. m., July 9th. 

Taylor married in 1810, and the wife of forty years knelt at his 
death-bed with their weeping children about her, and his last unint^^l- 
ligible word was an effort to speak to her once more. Of the four chil- 
dren bom of their union, three survived him and were present at liiw 
death-bed, his only son. Colonel Taylor, and two daughters. One of 
his sons-in-law was Jefferson Davis, who had served under him in 
Mexico, and later became the president of the Confederate States. Tlie 
death of President Taylor was widely mourned ; the people, who held 
him second only to Washington, mourned a popular hero; the army 
mourned **01d Rough and Ready." The loss to the Nation was the 
loss of a sincere patriot and an honest man. A man of application as 
well as of military genius, he haiS left an enduring record. 


If there be aught of assurance of, and incitation to, worthy exemplifi- 
cation in a heritage of lineal record of honor and dutiful action, then 
might confidence have been held in the career of Fitzhugh Lee, in whom 
is united the blood of patriots, whose names and deeds are indis- 
solubly and imperishably connected with the history of our Union and 
of Virginia. 

Fitzhugh Lee (or Fitz Lee, as he was familiarly styled in the army, 
and is still popularly known, and as he subscribed himself until re- 
cently), son of Commodore Sydney Smitli Lee (a brother of General 
Robert E. Lee), late of the Confederate States navy, and formerly of 
the United States navy, was bom at " Clermont," the seat of his grand- 
father, General John Mason, in Fairfax County, Va., November 10, 
1835. His mother, Anne Mason, was the granddaughter of George 
Mason, of "Gunston Hall," the author of the Virginia Bill of Right*. 
She was the sister of Hon. James Murray Mason, of Mason and Slidell 
fame. The family name of Fitzhugh has been held in cherished recogni- 
tion in Virginia for two centuries. 

Fitzhugh Lee was appointed a cadet at large to West Point Militiiry 
Academy, July 1, 1852, and was graduated July 1, 1856, and appoint- 
ed brevet second lieutenant of United States cavalry. Among his 
class graduates were Generals Samuel S. Carroll, W. P. Sanders, J. W. 


Forsyth, George D. Bayard, Herman Biggs, Francis M. Vinton, Or- 
lando M. Poe, Miles D. McAllister and John K. Mozart, of the Federal 
Army, and Generals Wm. H. ("Mudwall") Jackson and L. L. Lomax, 
of the Confederate amiy. His first service was in the cavalry school at 
(iirlisle. Pa., where he remained until January 1, 1858, when, at his own 
reijuest, he was assigned to duty with his regiment, the Second Cavalry, 
on frontier service; was at Forts Inge and Mcison, and Camp Kadmin- 
ezbec, Texas, scouting against the Indians; on May 13, 1859, in a com- 
bat in Nescatunga Valley , Texas, with the Comanches, was shot through 
the lungs with an arrow and his life despaired of; later, at Camps 
Cooper and Colorado, Texas, near the last of which was engtiged in a 
hand to hand combat with the Comanche Indians; in November, 1860, 
was detached from his regiment and ordered to report to West Point as 
instructor of cavalry, a complimentary detail. Under his tuition thei-e 
were several who were subsequently famous as cavalry officers — Generals 
Kilpatrick and Custer being among them; promoted first lieutenant 
of (cavalry March 31, 1861; resigned his commission May 31, 1861, and 
offered his services to his native state. 

His first service in the Confederate States army wa« in the Adjutaut- 
General's department, under General Beauregard at Manassas, and in the 
battle of July 21, 1861 , he served on the staff of General Ewell. In Sep- 
tember following he was, upon the recommendation of General Joseph E. 
Johnston (then in command of the army) and General J. E. B. Stuart, 
commanding its cavalry, made lieutenant-colonel of the First Virginia 
Cavalry (Stuart's old regiment), and at the reorganization of that 
command in April, 1862, near Yorktown, he was elected colonel. On 
the retreat from Yorktown, Lee's regiment was given the duty of 
watching York river, and it was he who first gave information of the 
flanking movement of Franklin, and of his locating at Barhamsvillo. 
Lee personally reconnoitered so close to the enemy that he was en- 
abled to give not only the number but the names of their gunboats and 
transports. In the succeeding operations around Richmond, Lee was 
wth the command of General Stuart, and participated in all of Ww. 
enterprises of that officer. 

About the middle of June, 1862, Stuart executed his famous raid 
around the army of McClellan as it lay in front of Richmond, and I^et*, 
with his regiment, was selected to accompany him, sharing with one 
other regiment and a battalion the hazards of that feat, which ** blazed 
the way for Ja<^kson's subsequent flank movement." After the battles 
around Richmond more cavalry wjis brought from southern states and 
formed into a second brigade under General Wade Hampton, and 
Stuart was promoted to the rank of major-general and assigned to the 
command of the division, Lee being promoted to brigadier-general and 


to the command o! Stuart's old brigade, composed o! the 1st, 3d, 4th, 
5th and 9th regiments of Virginia cavalry, with a battery of horse ar- 
tillery under Captain James Bunthed. In the latter part of 1863 the cav- 
alry of the Army of Northern Virginia was divided into two divisions of 
three brigades each, and Hampton and Lee promoted to command them, 
tlietwo being under Stuart as senior major-general. The skill and cour- 
age evincjed by Fitz Lee occasioned the repeated mention of his name in 
the exact reports of the commander-in-chief of the Army of Northern Vir- 
ginia, made it familiar to the public, and the latter, in May, 1863, soon 
after the battle of ChancellorsviUe, in a letter, thus warmly commended 
him: " Your admirable conduct, devotion to the cause of your country, 
and devotion to duty, fill me with pleasure. I hope you w ill soon set* 
her efforts for independence crowned with success, and long live to 
enjoy the affection and gratitude of your country." Again, he wrote: 
'' Your division has always had a high reputation. It must not lose 

In the disastrous battle of Winchester Fitz Lee was conspicuous in 
his gallantry, exposing himself in every part of the field. Three horses 
were shot under him, one his beautiful mare, Nelly Gray, a favorite of 
the command, and at last he was brought to ground by a minie-ball 
wliich pierced his thigh. He was kept from duty by this wound for 
several months. In the spring of 1865 he was summoned to Richmond, 
and, by order of the commanding general, plax^ in command of the 
cavalry corps of the Army of Northern Virginia. He was one of the 
three coi*ps commanders (the others being Gordon and Longstreet) 
who, with General Robert E. Lee, composed the council of war just 
bt^fore the surrender at Appomatox C. H., April 9, 1865. The cavalry, 
having cut their way through the enemy's lines, to save their horses, 
before the surrender. General Fitz Lee, thus without a command, 
remained to share with his loved commander and relative the cares 
and trials of the bitter closing act of a resplendent drama. 

The war over, he turned his attention as earnestly to a peaceful 
vocation as he had been devoted in arms, and is said to have literally 
put "his hands to the plough." He first farmed at "Richland," in 
Stafford county, and later near Alexandria, Va. Accepting the 
result of the war. General Lee endeavored by genial influence to aid as 
far as in him lay the fraternization of the late contending sections, and 
in his utterances and engaging presence, it is claimed, has accomplished 
much in the cause of conciliation. His address at the Bunker Hill * 
Centennial was widely commended. At the Yorktown Centennial in 
1H81 lie was a conspicuous figure. At the inauguration of President 
Cleveland he commanded the Virginia Brigade, and received a continu- 
ous and enthusiastic recognition. In several visits north and the west 


since, he has been welcomed with the utmost cordiality. On November 3 , 
1885, he was elected (lovemor of Virj^nia over the republican nominee, 
John Sargeant Wise, by a majority of about sixteen thousand, and 
took his seat January 1, 1886. The administration of Governor Lee, 
which has comprehended a serious wrangle by the English bond- 
holders over the state debt, has been conservative and generally 
judicious. Governor I^ee was urged as an available candidate for the 
nomination of Vice-President by the late National Democratic Conven- 
tion. Governor Lee has a bright blue eye, and is of genial presence. 
Rather below medium stature, and originally of slight physique, he 
has developed into a figure, Napoleonic in bulk. He is happily married, 
and has an engaging household. He married Miss Ellen Bernard, 
daughter of George Fowle, Esq., of Alexandria, Va., and has five chil- 
dren: Ellen Fowle, Fitzhugh, George I)a«hiell, Nannie Fitzhugh and 
Virginia, the last named after the state, having been born in the 
gubernatorial mansion. 


Robert Alonzo Brock, eldest son and child of Robert King and Eliza- 
beth Mildred (Ragland) Brock, was bom in Richmond, Va., March 9, 

His parents were botn natives of Hanover County, Va., and his an- 
cestors were among the early settlers of the colony, although in him 
is intermingled the blood of several nationalities. His father, long a 
respected merchant of Richmond, was the son of John Philip and 
Elizabeth (daughter of Alexander King) Brock, and his mother the 
(laughter of Fendall and Sarah (Nelson) Ragland, the granddaughter 
of Pettus and Elizabeth (daughter of John Davis, from Wales) Rag- 
land, and great-granddaughter of John and Anne (Beaufort) Rag- 
land, from Glamorganshire, Wales. The latter, with sons and 
daughters, settled in that portion of New Kent which was subse- 
quently Hanover county, about 1720, and patented several thousand 
acres of land, which descended to his children. 

R. A. Broc*k, although possessed of antiquarian tastes from child- 
hood, was bred to mercantile pursuits, and, following the conclusion of 
the late war between the states, was so engaged until August, 1881, 
when he disposed of his interests to give more attention to the Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, of which he has been corresponding secretary 
t^nd librarian since February, 1875. 

He has been a frequent contributor to the press and magazines since 
boyhood ; was one of the editors of the Richmond Standard^ a select 

r//V', /A ! ' '.',/> i" 

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i I . 

' ■ ' I I . i 

VtRGiNiA AND VlkGtNlAl^S, R51 


The Sutherlin family have long been among the honored renident^ of 
Pittsylvania county. George S. Sutherlin, now deceased, the father of 
Major Sutherlin, wti8 born near Danville, Virginia. HIh mother, Polly 
S. Norman, was bom in Henry county, Virginia. He was born on his 
father*s estat^^, near Danville, on April 7, 1822. At Greensboro, North 
Tarolina, Octolwr 18, 1849, he married Jane E. Patrick, who was bom 
in North Carolina, Sept. 11, 1829. Two daughters were bom to them, 
Janie Lindsay and Martha Ella. Both are now deceased, the latt^^r 
dying in infancy. Mrs. Sutherlin is the daught-er of William and 
Martha W. (Diet) Patrick, formerly of North Carolina, now deceased. 
Janie Lindsay, their eldest daughter, grew up into a beautiful and ac- 
complished woman, whose lovely character endeared her to all who 
knew her. She was born January 24, 1851, and died in Danville, Vir- 
ginia, August 24, 1876, and a beautiful monument marks the spot in 
(ireenwood cemetery, where she is buried. She was the mother of thre<^ 
children, two died in infancy, and one, Janie Sutherlin Smith, who8<> 
home has been with her grandparents in Danville since the death of her 
mother, is now a school-girl, and promises to make an accomplished 
and useful woman. November 22, 1871, she married Col. Francis L. 
Smith, of Alexandria, Virginia, a graduate of the Virginia Military In- 
stitute. . He went with the corps of cadets into the late war, and 
received in his first battle a severe wound in the neck. Besides filling 
other important positions, he has been a member of the State Senate, 
and is now one of the leading lawyers in the State. 

Major Sutherlin's earliest education was received in a home school, 
after which he went to the male academy in Danville three years, then 
to the private school of JosepluGodfrey, in Franklin county, Virginia. 
Until twenty-one years of age he remained on his father's estate, then 
he entered into trade as a dealer in tobacco. From 1846 to the open- 
ing of the war, he was a manufacturer of tobacco in Danville, and one 
of the most successful managers of business of that day. He was 
mayor of Danville from 1855 to 1861, and was a delegate to the Vir- 
ginia Convention which adopted the Ordinance of Secession. He at 
once entered the Confederate States Army, but, owing to impaire<l 
health, was unable for field duty, and received appointment as com- 
mandant of the post at Danville. Later he was also made chief quar- 
termaster for the said post, and he served till near the close of the war, 
when his increasing ill health necessitateil his giving up all official 
duties. The wint^er after the close of the war he went to Cuba for his 
health, and was greatly improved, when he returned to Danville whei-e 
he has ever since been engaged in agricultural pursuits, and the de- 


562 VinctNIA AND VTl^GT^IAl^S. 

velopment of his State and section, living at his beautiful home, which 
is accounted the most pleasant residence location in Danville, if not in 
the State. 

Major Sutherlin was elected early in the war a member of the Board 
of Public Works. He served two years in the legislature since the war. 
Was a prominent director in the Richmond & Danville Railroad for 
near fifteen years. He ha« built two railroads, the Milton & Sutherlin 
and the Danville & New River, and it is generally conceded that neither 
would have been built but for his energy and ability. He has l>een 
prominent in building up most of the enterprises in Danville for the 
past forty years, and contributed liberally of his time and means to 
secure them. It wixs mainly through his sagacity and efforts that 
Roman Eagle Lodge of Masons now owns its large and elegant build- 
ing, and is one of the wealthiest lodges in the State. It was through 
him that the first agricultural society and fair was held in the South 
after the war, in Danville, which was successfully kept up for several 
years. When the Virginia State Agricultural Society was reorganized 
after the war, he was unanimously elected its president and lield the 
offi<*e for two years, and it was chiefly through his untiring efforts that 
the Society was placed upon a basis of success. 

He setnired a charter and established the Danville Bank, and its capi- 
tal at the breaking out of the war was three himdred thousand dollars. 
He was a very large stockholder and the only president the bank ever 
had. It was chiefly through his efforts that the Border Grange Bank at 
Danville was established, and he was its first president. 

He has been a liberal contributor to the establishment and mainte- 
nance of his church (Metliodist) in all her enterprises. He is a trustee of 
Randolph-Macon College, and has contributed liberally to its support. 
He was a large contributor to the college for young ladies in Dan- 
ville, and was the first President of the Board of Directors. His 
generous liberality has l)een continuous all through life, never 
withholding his support from any worthy enterprise either in church 
or Statue. 

He has often been prominently spoken of for Governor of the State, 
and member of Congress from his district, but belonging to that class 
of politicians who think the office should seek the man, and not the 
man the office, he has been content to serve his party, and not push his 
own claims for office. 

Major Sutherlin is a clear and forcible writer, and has written many 
yaluable and interesting papers which have found a large circulation 
tlirougli tlie press of the country. As a public speaker he is forcible, 
practicnl ancl strong, especinlly in deliate, generally getting the best of 
his opponent. As an enterprising, practical business man, there is no 



f ' r '? ( r / y ; .J A YD ' • //? G/JV/ . •' . v.<?. 

• ..I Ills St:it.» ;h!-^ .^.r' ion, living: at liis h' 'ifnlbom«"» \vhi«li 

' < •!!>,? id 1 hf ,) )-«♦ M!tMs;nit p'^id'HM* lorai ion i' ' Vh'' ;!!«', ii" jh »! i^i 

I ' ^- iit'ilin \ .IS ol»Mt<M] i»;iriy ill llu* war a ai«*inlwM' of tlio T^);hU 
• ' .: • \\<»rks ' '(* -i'TvcjJ twoyr.'.i'H in the ^'f^'^ ar*' siru <» tii»' Vv.ti . 
-^ ;i iHiaiiMiiUi «iir(iior in iIm* Miclmioial \ i>anvillf' llai!fi»-!(l lor 
!.' i- (•■.trrn V'.us. Il(' has hnili two raih'njnls, tho MiltiHi &• Snth^Th'. 
,"i ' .<• 1 '.«n\ illc \- Ni'w J{iv«»r, and it is •genera 11 y (('HKMMltMl fh.ii ] .lIi^t 
v\ ; lit hn 1 *.«-<'n hi' !t hut f<»r his ^^niM'jjv ami ahility. Up ]ias 1 " n 
f .; in liiiiMiiiLT ap iMost of tlu* HiU'-rprisi's in l),in\ilh' !or ;''^- forty y«;,:s. .iini ront lihiit^vl lihorally of his linn* and nivalis lo 
M-'UK* llit'Tn. il nnji-^ mainly throniih las saL;a' ity and ♦^ffoii-- rl.-ii 
liMnian IC.ijjh' L'"i::''nf M.isons no^v owns it"^' lar^i' and i^lrirant i»i,tl<t 
iii^, mihI is on»» <»f t!'-c w»^aithi('st h»d,i:-Ks in th(» Stat4'. It was thi.nij' 
hit! that \]\r Xw-^i .a: I'iralt nral soiicly and fair was I'.ojd in ;)•,,' ^(-uih 
after tlic \\;i!*. in 1 .invilh*, wliirh was snr< cssfva - krpi nj^ foi- s«^vtM'.d 
yiMjs VvJM^n tiic V ir!_:iaia Stah' A'^riralt ar.d Soi'ii'ty wa.s rror^ii-aniz* •! 
aft<M-thf wMi. Im* wms nnanina)iisl\ rlccl^Ml its ]>n'si<h»nt and )i<*ld Wx^- 
oHi<-,' foi- t\\<v y<*ars. itnd it wns'fly throa;^h his uatirin;;- efforts that 
t h«' Socit'i \ w as ]'!:♦•■» mI upon a l>a.sis of saccnss. 

H»'s<"'' I a 'harl'M-aad estaMishrd t In* Panvilh' I^ank, ami i1sfa]>i 
l.d .it I • Ir^akia^ (>:it of tho was thrw hnndrrd tl»onsan<l doll.iis 
lie V ^ • v«'rv In !-iz»» sf o<kljold<M* and tlio onlv njt'sidMit the hank ever 
h.n! \ * was ( la«'!i\' thronuili his efforts that the J^jrthi (jran^re Hank i\\ 
I > 1 . .((.' was esiahlisned, and he wis its first ]>r("^ident. 

» heen a lil>eral eonti-ihat or to the estahlishinent and aiaiiii 
r .' of his chur'li ( Met l;odi,^^ ) ii) II h'renterpHses. Ilr is a trnste<'«»i 
«' '-'ol[)h-MM-(,n t'ol]r<rM, and e(nitri))nUM! ]i])erally to its snj»pnrt 
»!' w.i> a kii'U'- rv ntni;iiioi* to tlie r(5;i»';;,' for votJiej; ladies in |)an- 
>, and was the tir't Pr^^^id.nt of the Board oi J)ii*eetoi*H. Ili< 
.;'!«. n,, iJu'i-ality lias Ihn^ii eontinnons all thron;fh lif«*, never 
M .r.f" 't.ii !^r his .-ii,'i)o?-t IVoia any woithy (Miterj>rise either in elmreli 

li' ';.'s often been ]>i omint iitly spok»'n of for Govrrnor of tlie St ^le. 

i' • « r of t'oT ,:i)'ss from his district, hut belonjicnV- ^*> ^ Ji*i^ elass 

. -t' i«l t!'s >,»'..» think the oftir** shonld seek the man, and not th<' 

!-..!: 'ta. 1 , h Inis h. ♦Ml eonlent to serve his part,/ aud not push his 

" ■ . .' 1:.-' !' a' otiii-f. 

^' '.M S"' '.fi ii]i is a clear and forcible writer, and has \\Titten nmnv 

• • 'I: ! ill!- i.'stin;!' ]).i]iers wide h have foand a Iar»j^e circnlation 

\\\- Jim m'. < «>i the conntry. As a public sjie.-iker ho is fonible, 

I ■ ai : •' I r »i;'i, * |M <'ialiy ia (h'hate, p'nerally p*ttint»;the ]>estof 

! - • .«!• "• .!' \^ an eijicrpri<i.i<j:. practical bnsiacss man, tlien i"- ur. 

. « 





«««K«r JP 

■ '■] 







one in Virginia who ntands higher in the estimation of the people gen- 
erally throughout the State than Major Sutherlin. 


General Groner was bom in Norfolk, Virginia, on September 7, 1836. 
He married, in New Orieans, Louisiana, in April, 18G6, Katherine 
Campliell, who was bom in Mobile, Alabama, and who was a daught<*r 
of Justice John A. Campbell, formeriy a Judge of the United States 
Supreme Court, and who, during the Confederacy, was associated with 
Vice-President A. H. Stephens, and Hon: R. M. T. Hunter, Senator from 
Vii*ginia, as commissioners to meet President Lincoln and Secretary of 
St«it;e Seward, at Hampton Roads, just before the close of the war. 
Their children are three sons : John A. C, Duncan Lawrence and Robert 

At the age of eighteen the subject of this sketch, who had previously 
graduated at the Norfolk Militar3'^ Academy, organized a military 
company, known as the <* Independent Greys,'* and in the succeeding 
year he was made lieutenant-colonel of a regiment of Virginia militia, 
at Norfolk. After studying law one year, he entered into a business 
life, and was two years agent for an express company, then for a time 
in the employ of the New York & Virginia Steamship Co. In 1859 he 
went to Texas, where he was the guest of Gen. Sam Houston. There 
he tendered his services to Baylor's Texan Rangers, and assisted in 
subduing the Comanche Indians, and other hostile tribes. 

On the election of Lincoln, he left Texas with the intention of return- 
ing to Virginia, but at the request of Governor Pettus of Mississippi 
he went to New York, and performed the delicate and valuable service 
of purchasing and shipping arms for Mississippi. This accomplishcMl 
he returned to Virginia, and perfected a secret organization for the 
capture of Fortress Monroe, which would have been successfully accom- 
plished but for the interference of Governor Letcher. He then returned 
tio Mississippi, and was tendered commission as adjutant-general of 
^lississippi by Governor Pettus, which commission he de(^line(l. Going 
to Montgomery he was commissioned and appointed captain and 
^issistant-adjutant general of the regular Confederate States Army, and 
assigned to duty at the seat of government, the fifth military appoint- 
ment made by the new government. He remained in this service at 
^lontgomery and in Richmond until after the first battle around the 
latter city, when he was directed to take charge of the archives of the 
government, which he removed by canal, in the direction of Lyn(*hburg. 

During this trip the James River overflowed, and when its waters 
i-eceded the canal banks were washed out. Knowing the importance of 


thifl feeder for supplying troops at Richmond, (leneral Groner appealed 
for nid tx> the farnierH, and by the labor they furnished, had the canal 
thoroughly repaired in twenty-four hours, a work for which he was 
warmly commended by the President of the Canal to President Jefferson 

While the second battle around Richmond was being fought, he 
n^ported on the field to General R. E. Lee, with whom he remained until 
after Malvern Hill battle. As a part of his service in the Adjutant 
Department, he had charge of the Organization Bureau, and the entire 
Confederate Army, so far, had been organized through his office. 
Desirous of more active service, he was now assigned to the 59th North 
Carolina Cavalry, with headquarters at Franklin, Virginia, and with 
this regiment he was engaged in the fighting around Suffolk. At the 
time the Army of Northern Virginia was in Maryland, he was made 
colonel of the Gist Virginia Infantry, and took charge of the same at 
Warrenton, Virginia, defending the bridges both at VVarrenton and at 
Rappahannock Station. 

Wlien Lee*s Army moved back from Maryland into Virginia, General 
(Jroner was ordered to Fredericksburg, his command then consisting of 
his own regiment, the Norfolk Blues Battery, and a Mississippi Batt^^ry, 
to which, after he reached Fredericksburg, a portion of BalFs Regi- 
ment of Virginia Cavalry and a Battalion of Mississippians were added. 
Arriving in Fredericksburg, he took possession at Falmouth Ford, just 
as Humside's Army reached the opposite shore. He at once engage<i 
in an artillery duel, so defending the fort until Lee's Army reached 
Fredericksburg, two days later. 

Shortly after, his regiment was assigned to Mahone's Brigade, with 
which he took part in all the subsequent gallant fighting of the Army 
of Northern Virginia, except when absent some two months with severe 
wounds received at Spotsylvania Court House. While yet on crutches, 
he rejoined the army around Petersburg, and engaged in battles there 
when he had to be assisted to mount his horse, his w^ound preventing 
the use of his limb. In a number of battles he commanded the brigade. 
He surrendered at Appomattox Court House. 

After the war was ended he returne<l for a short time to his home in 
Norfolk, then went to New York City, where he and Gen. Joe Davis 
(nephew of President Davis) were together some months. He then for 
a time accepted the management of a steamship line running between 
Virginia and New York, then was a short time general agent at Norfolk 
for the Norfolk & Petersburg R. R., and was then appointed general 
agent of the Merchant«' & Miners' Transportation Co., a positioi\ he 
has ably filled ever since. 

During reconstruction periods. General Groner was a zealous conser- 


vative, and he was largely instrumental in theelection of Hon. GilbertC. 
Walker to the Governorship, and received from him tender of commis- 
sion as State adjutant-general, and also the tender of post of private 
secretary, both of which he declined. He was once candidate for 
Governor of Virginia, and has been several times endorsed by his city 
for United States Senator. He was president of both branches of the 
Norfolk City Council from the re-organization of the city government, 
after the war, to about 1880. During his administration, the bonds of 
the city appreciated from 47 to 107, and he was instrumental in saving 
the city a large amount of interest, for which, as well as for other acts 
in the interest of the city, he was, and still is, held in high esteem. 

General Groner gives little attention to politics, being immersed in 
business, holding the following positions, at once onerous and honor- 
able : President of the National Compress Association ; President of the 
Steamship Line run by this Association between Norfolk and Liverpool ; 
General Agent of the Merchants' & Miners' TTransportation Company, 
nmning steamers to Boston and Providence; General Manager of the 
Washington Lines, running daily boats between Washington City and 
Norfolk ; and actively engaged in many other enterprises. Norfolk as 
a shipping port is greatly indebted to him. 


Alexander Donnan was bom in Galloway Shire, Scotland, on May 21, 
1818, the son of David and Mary (Stewart) Donnan. The same year 
his parents came to America and made their home in Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia. Both were bom in Galloway Shire, Scotland. 

Alexander went to school in Petersburg to Young D. Perkins ; to the 
Public School then taught by Minton Thrift; then to Jonathan Smith; 
then to the University of Virginia, session of 1839-40. He 
studied law under David May, brother of Judge John Fitzhugh 
May, and in May, 1840, commenced practice, which he has fol- 
lowed continuously since that date. He is senior member of 
the firm of Donnan & Hamilton. During the late war, being 
a member of the City Council, he performed local duty at 
Petersburg. He was in 1859 elected to represent the city in 
the House of Delegates of Virginia, but resigned shortly after- 
ward; has been a member of the Council for several years; is 
now and has been for several years the Vice President of the Peters- 
burg Savings and Insurance Co., the President of the Matoaeo Cotton 
Manufactory, and a Director in other local companies in Petersburg. 

At Williamsburg, Virginia, December 4, 1850, he married Anna E., 
daughter of Dajiiel Willson, of Amelia County, Virginia. Their children 


are nine : Mary Stewart, Allen Edloe, Alexander, William Willson, Harris 
Tinker, Etta Edloe, Lena May, Richard Thomas, and David May, all 
living but the first and the two last named. Mary Stewart married 
Alexander Hamilton. She died in 1877, leaving a son now living. 
Etta Edloe married Judge William Hodges Mann, o! Nottaway County . 
Allen Edloe married Edith, daughter of Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, D.D., 
of Brooklyn, New York. 


R. H. T. ADAMS, 

Son of Isaac and Susan (Duval) Adams, both now deceased, was bom 
at Lynchburg, on November 6, 1839. He married, on September 10, 
1868, Rev. C. C. Bitting officiating. Sue L. Scott, bom in Halifax 
county, Virginia, daughter of Charles and Sarah (Adams) Scott. The 
children of this union are eight, Annie S., R. H. T. jr., Charles S., P. H., 
James D., Sue, Lizzie D., and James Duval. 

Mr. Adams entered the Confederate States Army on April 19, 1861, 
in a company of Home Guards, which later became Company G, of the 
11th Virgibia Infantry. With this he took part in first Manassas bat- 
tle, and was in constant service about twelve months, or until, in 1862, 
he received commission as captain in the Signal Service, and reported 
to Gen. A. P. Hill, assigned to duty on his staff. He reported to Gen. 
Hill at Cold Harbor, served with him until his death at Petersburg, 
and remained with the Third Army Corps till the close of the war, 
taking part in every one of its engagements, and surrendering with it 
at Appomattox C. H. Captain Adams was in service four years, lack- 
ing nine days, and during that time never lost a day's duty on account 
of sickness; weight on entering service 110 pounds, on leaving service 
160 pounds. He had three horses shot under him, was himself several 
times struck, but never seriously wounded. Two reminiscences of his 
service are of much interest, and are as follows: At the capture of 
Harper's Ferry he was assigned to a pass on Loudoun Heights, in the 
Signal Service, and this being an intermediate station. Gen. Jackson's 
order of attack was sent over its line to Maryland Heights. This order 
covered nearly one page of legal cap paper, and from the time it was 
begun at Jackson's headquarters till it was completed at the Maryland 
Heights end of the line only five minutes elapsed. Gen. Jackson 
warmly complimented the Signal Service for this efficiency. The dis- 




Z; i. 






. / 





" I irio: Mnry St^waii ^ 1<'n Rdloo, Al<*\innler, AVilliani Willson. Harris 
vl.-r, Ktta ]'j\\{H\ [j* \ May. Uithnrd TIioiiuih, jhkI Oavid May, .lil 
» iL' lar rile lirsl .ml- 'he two last naiinMl. Marv St»'wurt inarri»'<J 
;• » ni'l< r Hantiltoii. -U^" (li»Ml m 1877, l«>avii,^^ ;> mui now livir;;i'. 
f 5 :i f'<i' »•• inarn* (1 .h. '^f^Williain Ho(Jjr«'H Maiuj, of Xottaway rniirtv. 

' n K.ll<-«- niam«<l Iv' ' ^, liaughtrr of Rev. T. DeWitt Talina'!:^, I).l>., 

r i>r«/«>ki\ u, N(.'vv York 


U. U. T. ADAMS, 

S<»ti n\ Tsunr* and Suf;,') ; (Duval) Adainn, both now <i«H- 'a^ivl. wjis horn 
.it {. . IK lihiiT^. on N( ^»'M»h<T 0, ]8*i9. Fl»' niarri^Ml, oil Sept'^inlxT 10, 
i^«'^. \U}v. V, (\ ]\, ]]\ir ofticiatin;^, Snr L. Scott, born in H ilK.iX 

' M ly, Vir«.':inia, <lai; iittM* of (liarleH an<l Sarali (Adams) S<->tt. Tlw' 
. iN':»'n of this unioji : •••fijiht, Annie S.. |{. H. T. jr., Cbark^^ S.. P. H., 
J »?!♦'- I)., Sn<\ \a77av p.. and ,la?nrH Duval. 

'.It- AdauiH rntor-Md *ht' ronfei^Tat-^' Stat*'> Army on April IV), lS(;i, 
! .1 ((»nip(iny of [lor t* (iuardH, whirh later bt'canie ("onipany (r, of tiic 
1 ! •(! Viru'ina Infant i;/. ^^'ith 1 1iin he took ])art in first Manassas tial- 

* M'. :i..(l in const. t;i*^ service about twelxe months, or unn!,in I8(i2, 
M» !«" •■! ,»m| cojimMHsi;!! as ca)>t.*i'i. in the Si;jrnal Sorvico, and n^[»ori«Ml 
!'»•;(')( A. I*. Hiij. as^iji,a(Ml to .':uy on bis staff lie rei)ort«Mi to <icn. 
Ill' .ii ( (►Id Harb<«i s#M*\ ' i \sitii him until bis death at PeterHbui;^. 
«'. I jN'TnMTH'd wiMi .•' 'i lird Army Corps till the cb>sp of the war, 
'1 ,. ]\vi n evtV'. ^.i its en<2:a*renirnts, and surrendering- with it 

!•' >• itt«»x^ '- < ;i'»tain Adams was in service foui* v^-arK, la< k- 

* ': • AiWh .. ' • I. e_M hat tiuH* never lost a dav^'s dutv on a'M\Mm^ 

* < > . •- ^ f; cjitcrin*:; s<^rvice 110 pounds, on leavin;:: service 

' •' . ii* - . I tliJiM^ horses sbot under him was himself s<'\era1 

* ' -' '; .li ' er seriouslv wounded. T^vo reminisci'iiees of his 
' ' au' h int'rcst. and arc as follows: At the (a]>tarc of 

'' • ly fic \v.ts assi^'Ti^Ml to a {)ass on Loudoun Ib'if^bts, in the 

. > " •■ and f])is hciuir un iiilermi dirite station, Cn a. Jackson's 

. • ,' ■',■ \ 1,^ K<-nt over its line to MiU-yland Hei^htn. Tbis onl^r 

• ' ' Is ' '" pae-c (,f le«ral cap paper, and from the time it was 

' • •' ' sor N hcad'Pi irters till it was completed at the Marvhnal 

' - * Mil of tl»- line only tive minutes el<l. Gen. Jackson 

^ ' tnj iir'.t Mt d tiie »Signid Servi-'o for Ibis efticiei:cy. The dis- 


tance to have delivered the order by courier would have been twenty 
miles, causing dangerous delay. From Harper's Ferry Capt. Adams 
went to Sharpsburg, where with the Third Corps he went into immedi- 
ate action, the Corps going in on the Confederate right, which had just 
been turned by Bumside, and hurling him back with great loss. Capt. 
Adams had one brother in the service. 

After the close of the war, the first business in which Capt. Adams en- 
gaged was coal and lumber and coal mining in the Alleghany moun- 
tains. He followed this till 1875, and then entered on his present 
business at Lynchburg, leaf tobacco and strips, for export. He has 
been a member of the city council for two years, and is at present vice- 
president of the Lynchburg Tobacco Association. 


Is a grandson of Benjamin Blackfoi*d who came to Page county, Vir- 
ginia, from Carlisle, Pa., in the opening year (1801) of the present cen- 
tury. He was bom in Luray, Page county, in 1834, the son of Dr. 
Thomas T. Blackford. The mother (Caroline Steenbergen) of Dr. Ben- 
jamin Blackford was born at Mt. Airy, Shenandoah county, Virginia, 
and is now 88 years of age. Dr. Blackford's wife is Emily, daughter of 
Robert and Annie (Ogle) Neilson, her father of Baltimore, her mother 
of Bellair, Maryland. She was born in Baltimore, in 1841, and they 
were married there by Rev. T. N. Dudley (now bishop of Kentucky) of 
Christ (Episcopal) Church, in January, 1871. Their children are six 
8ons: Thomas Atkinson, Benjamin O., Robert Neilson, Charles M., W. 
Arthur and G. Tayloe. 

Dr. Blackford entered the military service of Virginia forces April 23, 
1861 (transferred to the Confederate States Service in July, 1861), and 
left Richmond as surgeon of Col. (afterwards Gen.) Garland's com- 
mand, for Manassas Junction. In May, 1861, he was appointed 
surgeon of the 11th Virginia Infantry, when Garland's command was 
formed into a regiment. In June, 1861, under orders from Gen. Beau- 
regard, he established the general hospital at Culpeper C. H. In 
August, 1861, he was ordered to establish the general hospital at 
Front Royal, where he remained surgeon in charge till March, 1862. 
When Gen. Johnston's army was falling back from Manassas he was 
on duty at Gordonsville, while the army was moving from Manassas to 
the peninsula. In May, 1862, he was ordered to increase the hospital 
accommodations in South Side Virginia, at Farmville, Danville, Lynch- 
burg and Liberty, and on reporting at completion of this work, was 
ordered to transfer his hospital stores, etc., from Front Royal to Lib- 
erty, establishing general hospital there. Established a large general 


hospital at Liberty, and remained in charge of same till close of war. 
In the retreat of army from Manassas saved all of his hospital supplien 
—furniture, medicines, etc.— by sending them down the valley from 
Strasburg to Staunton. His brother, Capt. W. H. Blackford, now 
president of the Maryland Life Insurance Co., Baltimore, was in service 
through the war in Company G, 11th Virginia Regiment, C. S. A. 

Dr. Blackford has devoted many years to the practice of his profes- 
sion. He is the present president of the State Medical Society, of Vir- 
ginia, and member of Board of Overseers of the Poor of the city of 
Lynchburg ; also almshouse physician. 


Was bom in Fredericksburg, Virginia, on October 17, 1833, the son 
of William M. Blackford, who later removed to Lynchburg. His 
mother was Mary Berkeley Minor, daughter of Gen. John Minor of 
Fredericksburg, who married Lucy Landon Carter. For the first two 
years of the late war C. M. Blackford was captain of Company B, 2d 
Virginia Cavalry, the remaining years he was on staff of Gen. Long- 
street, as judge advocate of his corps. On February 19, 1856, he was 
married in Albemarle county, Virginia, to Susan Leigh Colston, who 
was bom in Richmond, January 9, 1835. She is the daughter of Thos. 
Marshall Colston, of Fauquier county, Virginia, and his wife, nee 
Eliza Jaqueline Fisher of Richmond. The record of the children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Blackford is: Nannie Colston, born April 20, 1857, married 
Samuel T.- Withers, died February 6, 1884; Charles Minor, bom Sep- 
tember 20, 1865, now a physician in practice; R. Colston, bom June 
25, 1870. 

Mr. Blackford gra<luated in law, at the University of Virginia, and is 
now in full practice as a member of tlie law firm of Kirkpatrick & 
Blackford at Lynchburg. He is also president of the People's National 
Bank of Lynchburg, the largest bank in that City and one of the most 
solvent and successful in the State. Mr. Blackford has also for many 
years been a director in the Virginia Midland Railway and has been 
identified with all railroad development on that line, which is now a 
part of the Richmond & Danville Railroad system. He is counsel for 
the Midland Division of that system. 


Is of a family early seated in Cumberland county, Virginia, where his 
grandfather, William Booker, was bom and died. He is the «on of 
Richard A. and Eliza (Davis) Booker, both now deceased, and was bom 
in Cumberland coynty on February 3, 1830. He removed to Lynch- 


burg in 1850, and was three years engaged in the dry goods business, 
then went into the tobacco business, in which he still continues. He 
was magistrate of Lynchburg eight years, member of the council two 
years; trustee of the Miller Female Orphan Asylum since 1878; and is 
now vice-president of the First National Bank of Lynchburg. 

In Lynchburg, December 14, 1852, Rev. C. R. Vaughn officiating, he 
married Mrs. S. M., daughter of Jesse Hare Selden, who died in Lynch- 
burg, in 1881, aged 57 years. The record of their children is: James 
M., jr., married Mazie F., daughter of Hon. Thomas S. Bocock, of 
Lynchburg; Claudine, now the wife of Judge Wingfield Griffin, of Salem, 
Virginia; Ernestine, now the wife of C. S. Hutter, Esq., of Lynchburg; 
Jesse H., died in 1881, at the age of 20 years. 


Is the son of James J. and Jane L. (Martin) Brown, both now deceased, 
and the grandson of Anderson Brown, bom and reared in Albemarle 
county. W. N. Brown is also a native of that county. He removed 
from Albemarle to Campbell county, settling in Lynchburg on the 1st 
of September, 1886, and engaging in the wholesale fancy grocery busi- 
ness, at 618 Main street. Latter he removed to 214—216 Ninth street, 
admitting his brother, R. J. Brown, to an interest in the business, which 
they still carry on at that place. Mr. Brown has two daughters, Laura 
H.'and EthelA. 


Was bom in Richmond, Virginia, August 25, 1858. His pai*ent« are 
still residents of Richmond, John M. and Mahala A. Butler. Both are 
Virginians by birth, his mother born in Richmond, the daughter of 
William Tyree, who also was bom in Virginia. The first wife of Mr. 
Butler was Bessie Lee Hart, who died June 23, 1886. They had two 
children, a son Basil Gordon, now living with his father in Lynchburg, 
and a second son, Wilkie Herbert-, born March 1, 1886, died May 81st 
following. In Lynchburg, May 18, 1887, Mr. Butler married Anna W. 
G. Shumaker, who was born in Pittsylvania county, Virginia. Her 
parents were of this State, her father serving in the Confederate States 
Army during the late war. 

Mr. Butler complete<i his education by a course of five years in n 
Richmond school. In 1872 he was salesman for G. G. Thompson, gro- 
cer, Richmond; 1876, salesman for Geo. Gary, wholesale stationer, 
Richmond ; 1877, book-keeper for R. B. Lyne, real estate agent, Rich- 
mond. In 1882 he went into business for himself, firm of A. W. Butler 
k Co., merchandise brokerage, Richmoiul. He liehl the office of notary 


public in Richmond four years. He removed to Lynchburg January 
1, 1884, and has since been engaged in business at the corner of 
Seventh and Main streets, A. W. Butler, Merchandise Broker and Com- 
mission Merchant. 


Was bom in Campbell county, in June, 1849. At Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, December 11, 1888, he married Bessie Pendleton Scott, of Rich- 
mond, Rev. Moses D. Hoge uniting them. They have one son, J. 
Robin Clark. Mr. and Mrs. Clark are of Virginia families. His father, 
Christopher Clark, was bom in Campbell county in 1805, the son of 
Paulett Clark, who was also bom in Campbell county. The mother 
of Mr. Clark was Elmira A., daughter of John Williams, both bom in 
Campbell county. James P. Scott, father of Mrs. Clark, was born in 
Amherst county, Virginia. Her mother was Jennie, daughter of Rev, 

John R. Clark was deputy sheriff of Campbell county from 1866 to 
1872. He then engaged in the tobacco commission business in Lynch- 
burg, firm of Clark & Collins, which business has been continued suc- 
cessfully up to the present date. In 1884 he was made a director in 
the First National Bank of Lynchburg; in 1886 was elected a director 
on the Lynchburg & Durham Railroad ; in 1887 was made president of 
the ** Virginian Publishing Company," which office he resigned the same 
year; was again elected to the office in 1888, but declined to serve. He 
was also in 1886 elected a member of the City Council of Lynchburg. 


Was born in Glasgow, Scotland, March 16, 1848, the son of James 
and Jeanette (Murdock) Cleland. In 1851, James Cleland, the father, 
made his home in Richmond, Virginia, engaging in the plumbing busi- 
ness. In 1854 he removed to Lynchburg, continuing in the same busi- 
ness. The establishment he founded is now doing the largest business 
of any firm in that line in Lynchburg, having its own foundry and 
machine shops. Mr. Cleland associated with himself in the business his 
two sons, James M. and Ed. A., and since 1888 they have had exclusive 
control of the business, under the firm name of James Cleland & Sons. 
The father is no longer living ; his widow still resides in Lynchburg. In 
January, 1872, in Alabama, James M. Oeland married Henrietta Len- 
non, who was bom in Manchester, England. They have two daugh- 
ters, Christena and Nettie, and three sons, Harry, William and 



Son of Adam and Nancy (Alexander) Clement, was bom in Campbell 
county, Virginia, in January, 1826. He entered the ('onfederate States 
Army in April, 1861, captain in the 11th Virginia Infantry. In 1862 
he was promoted major of the regiment, with which he served until 
disabled for field duty. He was first wounded at battle of Seven Pines ; 
iigain in battle of Hagerstown, Maryland, where he received a severe 
gunshot wound in the head. Relieved then from active service, he was 
assigned to duty in the enrolling department, where he served until elected 
sheriff. This was in 1863, and he continue<l to serve as sheriff until the 
close of the war. In 1869 he wa« again elected sheriff, and he has 
served in that office continuously ever since, and is the present incum- 
l)ent. Major Clement has been twice married, his first wife, whom he 
wedded in 1846, Martha L. Cocke, born in Campbell county in October, 
1828. He married secondly, May 31 , 1888, Miss Annie M. Coke. 


Was bom in Campbell county, Virginia, on July 23, 1834. His 
parents were Virginians, his father, George F. Collins, born in Culpei)er 
county, and his mother, whose maiden name wjis Eleanor Bishop, also 
bom in C\ilpep)er county. Both died in Appomattox county, the father 
in 1864, at the age of 58 years, and the mother on August 21, 1887, 
aged eighty-three years. The wife of Mr. (/ollins was born in Campbell 
county, Nannie P., daughter of Christopher and Elmira A. (Williams) 
Clark, both bom in Campbell county. Her father died in Lynchburg in 
1876, her mother's home is still in Lynchburg. Mr. and Mrs. Collins 
were married in Campbell county on November 21, 1866. They have 
two children, C. Clark and Lena B. 

Mr. Collins was in service in the Confederate States Army through 
the late civil war, enlisting in June, 1861, sergeant Company A, 44th 
Virginia Infantry. He was taken prisoner at Sailors Creek, April 6, 
1865, and held at Point Lookout, Maryland, two months, then released 
on parole. Battles: Rich Mountain, Greenbrier River, those around 
Richmond, Sailors Creek, and many others. His brother, E. F. Collins, 
served in the same company, and has the same war record. In 1872, 
William J. Collins went into the tobacco commission business in the 
firm of Clark & Collins; afterward the style of firm was Clark, Collins & 
(lark; at present the firm is iigain Clark & Collins. Mr. Collins has 
l>een two years deputy sheriff of Campbell county. 



Was born at Charlestown, Jefferson county, (now) West Virginia, on 
November 2, 1840. His father was William Nathaniel Craighill, born 
January 26, 1808, died September 6, 1887; his mother, Sally E. Brown, 
bom August 16, 1811, died September 28, 1887 ; both bonl in Jefferson 
county. Dr. Craighill's ancestors came to Virginia from Scotland and 
England, in the 17th and 18th centuries. Robert Rutherford, who 
served Virginia in the Continental and later the United States Congress, 
was his great grandfather. The wife of Dr. Craighill, is Mattie, daughter 
of Joseph V. and Mary E. (Bullock) Hobson, formerly of Powhatan 
county, Vii*ginia, now of Richmond. Her father, who is a physician, 
was bom in Powhatan county November 11, 1811, her mother was 
bom May 10, 1817. She was bom in Powhatan county, April 27, 
1855, and became the wife of Dr. Craighill at Richmond, Rev. James 
B. Craighill uniting them, on April 14, 1874. 

Dr. Craighill entered the Confederate States Army at the outbreak of 
the war, in the 2d Virginia Infantry, Jackson's (Stonewall) Brigade. 
He was with this regiment in the field until, October 18, 1861, he was 
commissioned assistant surgeon. From that time till the close of the war 
he devoted his life and service to the care of the wounded and disabled 
Southern soldiers, serving at Manassas, Gordonsville, Lynchburg, and 
in the field. After some years practice of his profession, he with J. W. 
Faulkner established the well-known firm of Faulkner & Craighill, 
druggists, and is now sole proprietor. Dr. Craighill is also identified 
with many of the public interests of Lynchburg : Director of the First 
National bank ; director of the Virginian Publishing Company ; mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Lynchburg Industrial Society; 
president of the Virginia Pharmaceutical Society. 


Some mention of the ancestry of the subject of this sketch has been made 
in that preceding, with the record of his brother, Dr. Craighill. The pater- 
nal line may be more definitely traced, as follows : William Craighill, great, 
great grandfather of Robert Tem pieman, was bom in England, came 
to Virginia in colonial days, and settled in Westmoreland county. 
Nathaniel, his son, was bom in Westmoreland county, accompanied the 
early settlers beyond the Blue Ridge, and made his home in Jefferson 
county, where his son, William Price Craighill, was bom. William 
Nathaniel, son of William Price, and father of Robert Templeman, was 
born in Jefferson county, January 26, 1808, and died at Charlestown, 
that county, September 6, 1887. Robert Templeman was born in 


CliarleHtown, April 25, 1843, and was married at Lynchburg, October 
11, 1865, Rev. Wm. H. Kinckle officiating. The bride was M. Edley, 
daughter of Dr. Joseph V. Hobson, of Richmond, Virginia, and Sarah 
Norvell, now deceased. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Craighill ar<? seven 
living, one deceased: Carrie T., bom September 7, 1866, married now 
and living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; William N., born December 
23, 1868, died October 10, 1870; Robert Edley, bom July 24, 1871; 
Edward A., December 29, 1873; Joseph H.; Sarah Norvell; Mattie 
Holliday ; Samuel Preston ; the younger children still at home. 

Mr. Craighill studied law in early life, and was for eighteen years a 
successful practitioner in Lynchburg. During the war he was a member 
of the 12th Virginia Cavalry. At the Yorktown centennial he served, 
with rank of colonel, on the staff of the Governor of Virginia. He has 
ever declined active participation in political affairs, but is devoted to 
every cause that tends to advance the welfare of community and 
State. In literature he is known as the author of the " Virginia Peer- 
age." He is well advanced in ** the mystic rite," 32d degree Mason, Knight 
Templar, and deputy grand master of the order in the State. He is a 
trustee of the Lynchburg Female Orphan Asylum, and of the Virginia 
Theological Seminary, and many years a vestryman. In 1885 he became 
one of the proprietors of the Lynchburg Fei-tilizer Co., and wholesale 
dealer in leaf tobaccos, the firm now having an enormous business, 
extending from New York to Alabama. 


Is of a family early seated in Virginia, his ancestry thus traced: 
Among the settlers in the Colony of Virginia in the early part of the 
eighteenth century were three brothers named Dillard. One of these, 
James, served with distinction in the Revolutionary war, with rank of 
captain. Colonel William Dillard, son of James, was bom in Amherst 
county, Virginia, in 1797, and was a number of years a member of the 
House of Delegates. In 1823 he married Sarah Christian, who died in 
1877, and he died at the age of 83 years. His son, John J. Dillard, was 
bom in Amherst county on Octolier 4, 1824, and is now a farmer re- 
siding in Lynchburg. The wife of John J. Dillard is also of a collateral 
branch of the same family, Elizabeth H., daughter of Col. James S. and 
Narcissa Dillard, nee Turner. Mi*s. Dillard was born in Bedford county, 
December 7, 1824. 

Their son, the subject of this 8ket<?h, John William, was bom in 
Amherst county, August 12, 1852. After the usual preliminary educa- 
tion he entered the medical department of the University of Virginia, 
whence he graduated July 1, 1875. In the following year he attended 


lectureH and clinic« in Philadelphia and New York City, and the private 
medical Hchool of Prof. Alfre<i Looniis, of New York. Returning to 
Amherst county, he engaged in the prai'tice of meflicine eighteen 
months; was then, on account of delicate health, two years physician 
to the Bedford Alum and Iron Springs, then came to Lynchburg, where 
he has now a large practice. Office and residence 801 Church street. 
Dr. Dillard is a member of the American Medical Association, and of 
the Virginia Medical Society, and a contributor to medical journals, 
devoting himself to the practice and the advance of his chosen profession. 
In Appomattox county, Virginia, February 5, 1880, Rev. T. M. Carson 
officiating, he married Emma, daughter of Dr. Peter and Fannie A. 
White, nee Ruffner. She was born in Putnam county, (now) West Vir- 
ginia, August 18, 1858. Her father is no longer living. Dr. and Mrs. 
Dillard have two children, a son and daughter. 


Was born in Campbell county, Virginia, on February 25, 1828, the 
son of Thomas Elliott, who was born in Campbell county, and died at 
age of 80 years, and Elizabeth (Bondurant) Elliott, died at age of 
about 32 years. In Appomattox county, Virginia, September 7, 1847, 
he married Marcia P. Moseley, who was born in Campbell county, and 
who died on the 22d of August, 1885. She was the daughter of Thomas 
and Jane (Bondurant) Moseley, both now decea«e<l. The children of 
this union were six, of whom tliree are living: Horace B., Ella V. 
and William Arthur. The deceased children were named : Emma, Wyatt 
M. and Ida. 

When Gen. Elliott was eight yeai-s of age, he removed to Buckingham 
county, Virginia, and there pursued his education under the kind 
auspices and patronage of his maternal uncle, Thomas M. Bondurant. 
At the age of sixteen years, he went to the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute at Lexington, where he entered as cadet, at the organization of 
the institute, on the 11th of November, 1889, and was captain of the 
first company. He graduated in July, 1842, returned to Bucking- 
ham county, and taught school two years, as the State law then 
reijuired. During that time he read law under Col. W. P. Bock for six 
months. In 1846 he removed to Richmond, and became associated in 
the publication of the Richmond Whiff, and continued that relation 
until 1866. Meantime the subject of tliis sketch was chosen captain of 
the "Richmond Grays," which he commanded from 1847 till the close 
of the first year of the late war. While commanding the Richmond 
Grays he wa« ordered with his company to attend a« guard at the exe- 
cution of John Brown, and was present in that capacity at Harper's 


Ferry on this momentous occasion. During the period of the war, he 
maintained his nominal relation to the Richmond Whig, but after the 
first year of the war resigned his commission as captain of the Grays, 
and obtained permission from the Confederate Government to recruit 
and organize a battalion of six companies, which he did. He was com- 
missioned to command the same as lieutenant-colonel, the command 
known as the 15th Virginia Battalion of Infantry. He continued 
with this command in the field, attached to Gen. Ewell's troops, until 
captured at Sailors Creek April 6, 1865. He was carried a prisoner of 
war to Johnson's Island, in Lake Erie. On the way to Johnson's 
Island he happened to be confined in the Old Capitol Prison at Wash- 
ington City on the night that President Lincoln was assassinated, and 
narrowly escaped with his fellow prisoners from being mobbed on 
account of the excitement then prevailing in the city. He was held at 
Johnson's Island until liberated by President Johnson, about July 1, 

General Elliott then returned to Richmond, resumed the publication 
of the Whig, and continued the same until December, 1866, when he 
removed with his family to Appomattox county. There he pursued the 
occupation of a farmer for a period of years. In 1871—2 and 1872—3, he 
represented Appomattox county in the House of Delegates, and in 1875 
was chosen St^ate Senator, from district composed of counties of Appo- 
mattox, Buckingham and Fluvanna, and continued to represent his 
people as Senator for eight consecutive years. In 1884 he was 
appointed clerk of the United States circuit and district courts at 
Lynchburg, which position he still holds. 


The paternal grandfather of John W. Faulkner was of English birth, 
and came to America, about the time of the revolution, as sailing mas- 
ter of a British man-of-w^ar. • His sympathies being with the struggling 
colonists, he espoused their cause, and joined them and was in service 
till the close of the war, after which he settled in Maryland. In that 
State, at Easton, J. H. Faulkner was born, the father of John W. His 
mother's people were Germans, settled in the Shenandoah Valley, 
Virginia, in colonial times. He wns born at Winchester, Virginia, in 
March, 1843, and was nmrried at Lynchburg, in 1866. His wife is 
Rosa, daughter of John Quincy Adams, of Lynchburg, and grand- 
daughter of William L. Saunders, an old-time nnd influential citizen of 
Lynchburg. Mr. and Mrs. Faulkner have six children : W^illiam Saun- 
ders, Julia F., John A., Mary E., Rosa and Hamilton. 

Mr. Faulkner wa« one of the captors of John Brown at Harpers Ferry 


in 1H59, volunteering for the service from Winchester. He was in the 
medical department of the Confederate States Army from 1862 till the 
close of the war, assigned to Jackson's Army of the Valley, serving 
through all its campaigns, statione<l at Charlottsville, Lynchburg, Cul- 
peper, Staunton, Gordonsville, et€. He left Richmond on the morning of 
the evacuation, and joined Mosby's comnmnd at Upperville, and was 
paroled with this command at Millwood, ('lark county, Virginia. Since 
the war, Mr. Faulkner has been engaged in the drug business. 


Representing 20th district composed of the County of Campbell and 
City of Lynchburg, was born in Charles City county, Virginia, July 17, 
1820. He was the son of Rev. Edward Folkes, of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, who was bom in Charles City county, and died in 1834, 
aged 47 years. The mother of Senator Folkes, whose maiden name 
was Sarah L. Crew, died in Richmond, aged 75 years. At the age of 
nineteen years, he came to Lynchburg, and engaged in the furniture 
business with Alanson Winston, whose daughter, Sarah A., he married 
in October, 1842. In 1857 he assumed the charge of the business, in 
which he continued until 1884. During the civil war he served the Con- 
federate States as acting quartermaster of transportations. Mrs. 
Folkes was bom in Lynchburg, in September, 1824. Her father, who 
was bom in Connecticut, and served in the war of 1812, died in Lynch- 
burg, aged 64 years. Her mother, Frances B. Talbot of Campbell 
county, died in Lynchburg, aged 90 years. 

The record of the children of Senator and Mrs. Folkes is : Edward 
A., served In the 19th Virginia Battalion, Heavy Artillery, C. S. A., from 
18(>2 to the close of the war, died November 18, 1874, aged 30 years; 
William C, served in the Confederate States Army, in Beauregard Bat- 
tery; lost leg at Malvern Hill; was graduated in law at the Virginia 
University; in 1866 removed to Memphis, Tennessee, and in 1886 was 
elei'ted judge of the court of appeals of Tennessee; nmrried Mary 
Wright, of that State. Alanson Winston, brother of Mrs. Folkes, was 
in the Confederate States army, and died in service, of sunstroke. Sena- 
tor Folkes was elected to his present seat in the Virginia Senate in 
November, 1887. 


Mr. Ford is the son of Culvin and Olivia W. Ford, long honoreil resi- 
dents of Campbell county. His father died on July 31, 1887, and his 
mother on November 25, 1887. He was bom in Campbell county, on 
December 27, 1833, and was married in Lynchburg, on November 1, 1870. 


Hin wife i« Ella H., daughter of Syl venter and Elizabeth (Woodson) 
Pence, her father now deceased, her mother now living in Lynchburg. 
Mrs. Ford was bora in Halifax county, Virginia, in 1844. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ford have two daughters, Rosa T., born in 1880; Dora, bom in 

Mr. Ford entered the T'onfederate States Army in January, 1862, in 
Major DeLaniePs Heavy Artillery, stationed at Richmond, with which 
he served one year. In 1864 he again entere<J service, in Company H, 
Ist Virginia Infantry, Pickett^s Division, with which he served until 
captured at Five Forks, Apinl, 1865. He was held at Point Lookout 
until paroled June 15, 1865. Among his battles are Drury's Bluffs, 
Hatcher's Run, and Five Forks. His brother William A. served through 
the war. James A. Ford is engaged in the tobacco business, as manu- 


The subject of this sketch is of English descent, both his paternal 
and maternal grandfather coming from England to Virginia at an early 
date. He was born in Buckingham county, Vii-ginia, on May 15, 1830. 
He was educated for the law, but, on account of defective sight, never 
engaged in the practice of same, and has been dealing in tobacco in 
Lynchburg since 1860. He was for many years a member of the city 
council^ for sixteen years president of the board of directors of the 
Lynchburg Female Orphan Asylum, and is still serving. 


Wa« bom in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, on March 1, 1815, the son 
of E<lward and Elizabeth (Cook) Franklin. His father died in 1860, 
and his mother has been many years dead. He married in Bedford 
county, Virginia, October 6, 1840, Rev. Kennedy uniting him in wed- 
lock with Emma S. Leftwich. 8he was born in Bedford county, March 
80, 1820, the daughter of Rev. William and Sally Leftwich. Benjamin 
Franklin, grandfather of James, settled in Prince Edward county, Vir- 
ginia, in colonial days. 

James Franklin left the parental home when but sixteen years of age, 
since when his honorable and busy life ha« been devoted to commercial 
and banking pursuits, and public affairs. He was several years deputy 
sheriff of Pittsylvania county. Removed, in 1848, to Lynchburg; was 
engaged there in a mercantile business until the beginning of the war. 
During the period of the war tradpd in general produce. At its close 
opened the first bank in Lynchburg, firm of Miller & Franklin, which 
Ann carried on a profitable banking business for seventeen years. Mr. 


Miller dying then, Mr. Franklin cloBed out the buHiuens, and enteral 
into the National Exchange Bank, of which he was elected president, 
which position he filled to the best interests of the bank until he retired 
to private life which he did against the protest of the officers and de- 
positors of the bank. He is a very large landowner, both of Lynchburg 
property, and farm lands of Campbell county, and a citizen held in 
warmest esteem by all. He has been a member of the citv council, manv 
years trustee of the public schools; in 1878—4 represented Campbell 
county in the House of Delegates. 


Was bom in South Berwick, Maine, on April 17, 1825. In Mobile, Ala- 
bama, in 1863, the Rector of Christ Church officiating, he married 
Georgia Smith, of Mobile. Their children are three daughters, Virginia, 
Georgia, and Ella Elizabeth, and one son: Sidney Wallingford. Mr. 
Goodwin entered the Confederate States Army as first sergeant of the 
Mobile Rifles, which be<'ame Company K, 3d AlaLbama regiment. With 
this he was in active service, under Gens. Joi)es M. Withers, Braxton 
Bragg, and Joseph E. Johnston, until transferred to the Virginia and 
Tennessee Railroad, under Col. R. L. Owen. From that time to the 
close of the war he served the (Confederate States government as super- 
intendent of this road. He remained with the same road under General 
Mahone, until 1871; was then in Texas on railroad work until 1883, 
then in Tennessee on the F., T. & Va. R. R., until in 1887 he retumwl 
to Virginia, on the N. & W. R. R. He is now serving as chief civil 
engineer on the Lynchburg & Durham R. R. 


The subject of this sketch was bom in Bavaria, Germany, on May 19, 
1842, the son of Sigraund and Clara Guggenheimer. His father died in 
1844, aged 36 years. On June 13, 1888, his mother completed the 73d 
year of her life. The Virginia branch of the Guggenheimer family set- 
tled in this State in 1838. Max Guggenheimer landed in New York 
City in August, 1856. He came at once to Lynchbui'g, arriving August 
20th. His purpose in coming to America was to study thoroughly 
here the English language, and his intention then was to return to 
Germany in a year or two. He at once entered Mr. Reed's private 
school, which he attended about eighteen months, keeping books for his 
brother-in-law during this time, evenings. Leaving school then he 
be<*ame clerk and bookkeeper for his brother-in-law, who was carrying 
on a dry goods business in Lynchburg, and so continued until the war 


He then, at ap^e of nineteen years, went into service in the Lynch- 
burg: Home Guards, April 23, 1861, and was with this company until 
discharged in the fall of 1862, on account of disability. He went to 
(liattanooga, whem^e he returned in 1863, since which time he has re- 
mained in Lynchburg. Immediately aft^er the close of the war, he 
entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, Nathaniel Guggen- 
heimer, in a dry goods business establisheti by the latter in 1842. The 
brother-in-law being unfitt/ed by sickness to transact business, Max be- 
came its head, and Nathaniel dying on January 16, 1866, Max ha« 
also been the head of the family since that date, the family consisting 
of the widow of Nathaniel and her five children. 

The business of which he is the head has been one of vast proportions 
and constant increase since that date. The largest amount of sales of 
the old firm was |>40,0()0 in 1 860 ; to-day it is known as the largest 
wholesale house in the State. When the retail trade had reached a 
business of f 200,000 it was given up that the attention of the firm 
might be given entirely to its growing w^holesale trade, Mr. Guggen- 
heimer understanding, as far back as 1868, that Lynchburg wa« geo- 
graphically located to do a good and healthy distributing trade. In 
1870 wholesale boots and shoes was added to the dry goods depart- 
ment. In 1876, on account of the great extent of the dry goods 
business, Mr. Guggenheimer retired from the shoe business, and with 
special capital, started, in conjunction with two gentlemen from Balti- 
more, the first exclusive wholesale shoe house in the city. He retired 
from this firm in July, 1887, and in June, 1888, opened the second ex- 
clusive wholesale shoe house. He had a younger brother who was a 
short time in service during the late war, in a Lynchburg battery, and 
Maurice Guggenheimer, his cousin, served through the war in the 2d 
Virginia Artillery, dying in March, 1885. The wife of Mr. Guggenheimer, 
Bertha V., daughter of M. Rosenbaum, was bom in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, in December, 1857. They were married by a Jewish Rabbi of 
Baltimore, and have one daughter, Cecile Isa belle, bom October 23, 
1877. The father of Mrs. Guggenheimer was born in Wurtburg, 
Bavaria, Germany, her mother in Richmond, Virginia. Mr. Guggen- 
heimer was a member of the city council in 1879 and 1880, chairman 
of its finance committee; resigned in February, 1881. He has been 
president of the opera company; president of the Jewish Congregation ; 
director of the Lynchburg National Bank. 


James Carson Irwin, born in Campbell county, Virginia, October 
17, 1820, in 1840 married Sarah E. Hoffman, who was bom in Camp- 
bell county, in 1822. He died on March 24, 1888, leaving a widow 


and eight children, five boys and three girls. The subject of this 
sketi'h, one of these sons, was bom in Lynchburg, on October 17, 
1844. In Nelson county, Virginia, September 14, 1887, liev. B. M. 
VVailes officiating, he married Ida Clay Ewers. Fannie Carson Irwin, 
their daughter, was born on August 1, 1888. Mrs. Irwin was born in 
Nelson county, January 2, 1855, the daughter of John Stanford 
Ewers and Fannie E. Fortune, his wife, to whom he was married in 
Nelson county in 1845, by Rev. B. M. Wailes, Presbyterian clergy- 
man. Mr. Irwin is chief of police of the city of Lynchburg, which 
position he has held for the last six years. During the war he was in 
service in Morgan's Cavalry of Kentucky. 


Head of the "Southern Jewelry House," has l)een a resident of Lynch- 
burg since 1881. He founded his business in Culpeper, Virginia, in 
1854, and continued in business there until his removal, in 1881, to 
Lynchburg. In 1882 he admitted to partnership his son, J. B. John- 
son. A long record of more than thirty years strictly honorable 
business dealings, combineil with unsurpassed excellence in goods 
manufactured and dealt in, has given the present firm a reputation 
and a business that is no unimportant factor in the reputation of 
Lynchburg aJ3 a commercial center of the South. The wholesale, 
retail and manufacturing departments of the house are filled with 
orders representing every State of the South as well as Vir- 
ginia ; and a« far as Massachusetts on the north, Colorado and 
Mexico to the west and southwest, the well tested goods of this firm 
command a market, which competitors in other localities are not able 
to draw away from Lynchburg. The firm supplies all the colleges of 
the South with medals, badges, etir., and makes a specialty of engrav- 
ing monograms, and other designs, catalogues of which are furnished 
on application. Other specialties of the firm are diamonds, watches, 
clocks, silver and plated ware, spectacles and eye-glasses, gold and 
silver-headed canes and umbrellas. All designs are manufactured 
imder careful supervision on the premises and warranted to be as 
represented. The *'F. D. Johnson Watch'' has a well deserved repu- 
tation a« one of the best time-keepers in the country. Headquarters 
of firm : 802 Main street, Lynchburg. 


The subject of this sketch is of English descent, his ancestors settling 
in Page county, Virginia, in colonial days. His father was Wharton 
Jones, son of George and Margaret Jones, and his mother was Nancy, 


daughter of Benjamin and Sarah Wood. He was bom in Page county 
May 24, 1824. In 1844 he removed to Bedford county, where he was 
for several years engaged in a mercantile business at Pecksville and at 
Liberty. On September 14,1848, Rev. John W. Howard officiating, he 
married Miss Mary F. Watts, who was born in Bedford county, Decem- 
ber 30, 1830. In 1854 he removed to Salisbury, North Carolina, 
and engaged there in the hardware business with good success until the 
war. Returning to Bedford county early in 1861, he lived on his 
estate there during the war, serving some time in the Confederate 
States Army. In the fall of 1865 he removed to Lynchburg, which haJ3 
since been his home. He engaged in the hardware business, which he 
carried on with good success until he retired from business in August, 
1887. He is now president of the National Exchange Bank, and of 
the Lynchburg Cotton Mills now (1888) about to be erected. 


The paternal ancestry of Mr. Kean is thus traced: About 1790, 
David Kean, of County Armagh, Ireland, came to Virginia, and settled 
in Monroe county. . With him came his son, Andrew Kean, who became 
a physician of Louisa county , and whose son, John Vaughn Kean, married 
Caroline M. Hill. They were the parents of the subject of this sketch, 
who was born in Caroline county, Virginia, October 7, 1828. His first 
wife was Jane Nicholas, daughter of Col. T. Jefferson Randolph, of 
E<lge Hill, Albemarle county, Virginia, born November 3, 1831, died 
August 28, 1868. The children of this marriage were : Lancelot Minor, 
bom January 11, 1856, now practicing law at Sioux City, Iowa; Pat- 
tie Cary, bom April 11, 1858, now the wife of J. S. Morris, of Campbell 
county ; Jefferson Randolph, born June 28, 1860, now surgeon, U. S. A.; 
and Robert G. H. At the residence of Col. Nicholas Long, near Weldon, 
North Carolina, Rev. Mr. Norwood officiating, Mr. Kean married, on 
January 14, 1874, Adelaide Navarro de M. Prescott. Slie wa« bom in St. 
Landry parish, Louisiana, November 5, 1844, the daughter of William 
Marshall Prescott, who was bom in South Carolina, and who married 
Evelina, daught^^r of Judge Moore, of Louisiana. The children of Mr. 
Kean's second marriage are four, bom : Evelina Moore, June 28, 1875 ; 
William Marshall Prescott, July 6, 1876; Caroline H., September 1, 
1877; Otho Vaughn, April 5, 1881. 

Mr. Kean entered the Confederate States Army as a private of Com- 
pany G, 11th Virginia regiment, on April 23,1861. In February, 1862, 
he was commissioned captain, and appointed A. A. G. assigned to Gen. 
G. W. Randolph's brigade. On April 1, 1862, he wa« ordered to Rich- 
mond, and commissioned by President Davis as chief of the Bureau of 


War, which position he filled until the close of the war. He was gradu- 
ated in law from the University of Virginia in 1853, and holds the 
degrees of Master of Arts and Bachelor of Law from that University. 
From the time of his gra-duation to the present he has been in practice, 
in Lynchburg, except for the years given to military duty. 


Member of the Lynchburg firm of Leftwich, King & Co., leaf tobacco 
dealers, was bom in L^Tichburg, cm November 11, 1861. The lineage 
of Mr. King's family is thus traced : He is the son of William King 
and his wife Annie L. King, who was a daughter of Augustine 
and EHzabeth (Clark) Leftwich, and the grandson of William and 
Sarah Beekem King, both now deceased. James King, great-grand- 
father of William, jr., ctime from Ireland, and settled at an early date 
in Washington county, Virginia. In the late war the father of Mr. 
King was in service, as were six of his uncles, viz. : L. Clark Leftwich ; 
Alex. T. Leftwich; Aug. Leftwich, jr., killed; James King, killed; Cum. 
King, killed; and A. Hamilton Leftwich. William King, sr., entered 
service in April, 1861, lieutenant of Latham's battery. He was pro- 
moted captain of artillery, and so served till the close of the war. He 
then engaged for three years in a commission business; later was 
fifteen yeai*s teller in the People's National Bank of Lynchburg, and 
in 1884 engaged in the leaf tobacco business. . He died on the 20th of 
May, 1885. His widow survives him, living in Lynchburg. William 
King, jr., received a classical education, and began his business life in 
January, 1880, as manufacturer of toba<rco. After following this for 
three years he engaged in his present business. 


W^as boi-n in Lynchburg, on February 17, 1840, and was married on 
June 4, 1872, Rev. U. Mcllvain, D. D., officiating clergyman. He is the 
son of James and Jane Kinnier, and his wife is Josephine, daught>er of 
Isham and Ann Percy, of Roanoke county, Virginia. Their children 
are two daughters, Mary Elizabeth and Josephine Percy, and they have 
buried one son, John Percy. Mr. Kinnier entered the Confederate States 
Army in the Spring of 1862, in battery commanded by Capt. Thos. J. 
Kirkpatrick. He was engaged in all its movements until shot through 
the body at Cold Harbor, June 4, 1864, the wound so severe a« to inca- 
pticitate him from further service. In 1865 he* established the business 
in which he is still engaged, dealer in coal, wood, ice and baled forage 
at 1 200-1220 Jefferson street, Lyncliburg. 



Was bom in Lynchburg, September 23, 1842, the 8on of Moses and 
Ann Lynch (Tyree) I^acy, still of Lynchburg. Moses Lacy was bom 
in Halifax county, Virginia, February 10, 1808. His wife was bom in 
Lynchburg, May 9, 1816, her father coming from New Kent county, 
Virginia, where he w6ls born. Mr. Lacy married Alberta Ferguson, who 
died on the 8th of December, 1878, leaving him five children, Alean C, 
Robert W., Pattie, R. All)ert, H. Otey. On De<rember 13, 1880, Vir- 
ginia Lee Morriss, of Lynchburg, became his wife, and they have one 
daughter, Mary (i. In December, 1860, Mr. Lacy was enrolled for 
military service in the State of Alabama. He formally entered the 
Confederate States Ai-my in May, 1861, in Company A, 1st Alabama 
(Javalry, and participated in all the engagements of his regiment from 
Shiloh to Chickamauga battle, the regiment assigned to the Army of 
the Tennessee; in 1862 was detailed on staff of Gen. Jos. Wheeler. He 
was captured in Chickamauga battle, and held a prisoner at Johnson's 
Island, Ohio, until after the close of the war; i*eleased June 30, 1865. 
He had two brothers in service : R. VV. Lacy, who served through the 
war in the 2d Virginia Cavalry, died in Texas in 1878 ; and M. P. Lacy, 
served in Mosby*s command, died in Lynchburg in August, 1880. Mr. 
Liicy has l)een city collector of Lynchburg since July 1, 1887. 


Was born in Cumberland county, Virginia, July 25, 1825, the son of 
Mauric*e and Elizabeth (Allen) Langhome, both now deceased, who made 
their home in Lynchburg when Daniel was two years old. The Lang- 
horne family is of English origin, and Dr. Langhome is a lineal descend- 
ant of William Langhorne, first earl of Greensboro. In Montgomery 
county, Virginia, February 15, 1853, Rev. J. D. Mitchell officiating, he 
married Virginia P. Kent. The bride was bom in Montgomery county, 
August 13, 1833, daughter of Jacob and Mary (Buford) Kent, now 
deceased. One son was bom to Dr. and Mrs. Langhorne, December 22, 
1853, Maurice Kent, and who died on the 10th of April, 1864. 

Dr. Langhome entered the Confederate. States Army in April, 1861, 
rank of lieutenant-colonel. He served as post commander and muster- 
ing officer at Lynchburg until July, 1861, then took the field assigned 
to the 42d Virginia Infantry. With that regiment he served in the Val- 
ley Mt. and Sewell Mt. campaign under Gen. R. E. Lee; was in the Bath 
and Roraney expedition, and in the Shenandoah valley campaign under 
Gen. Ja(!kson. In May, 1 862, having been superseded in his command he 
retumeil to Lynchburg where he performed local military duty till the 


close of the war. He was graduated in medicine at the Philadelphia 
(Pa.) University in 1848, and after two years practice in Philadelphia, 
settled in pra<.*tice in Lynchburg. He has held position as resident phy- 
sician at Warm Springs, Virginia ; Healing Springs, Virginia; Greenbrier 
White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. (See Col. Maurice Langhome's 


Wa« born in Cumberland county, Virginia, on March 27, 1823. He is 
the son of Col. Maurice Langhorne, who was born in Warwick county, 
Virginia, served in the war of 1812 a« lieutenant of the "Cuml)erland 
Troop Cavalry," and died in February, 1865, at the age of 78 years. 
The mother of Col. Maurice S. was Elizabeth Allen, born in Prince 
Edward county, Virginia, died in 1840, at about the age of 50 years. 
Colonel Langhorne entereii the Confederate States Army, April 28, 
1861, Company A, 11th Virginia regiment, rank of captain. He was 
the first to tender to the Confederate Government the service of an 
armed company of Virginia troops. On the 17th day of April, 1861, 
this company was detailed by Gen. Longstreet, with nine others (mak- 
ing regimental strength) to hold Munson's Hill, which had been captured 
from the Federals the day before, and Captain Langhorne was a p[>ointed 
by General Longstreet to command of the detail, which, as he then 
ranked only as captain, occasione<i some surprise. The event justifie<l 
the appointment, the detail under Captain Langhorne, with two guns 
un<ler Captain Rosser (afterwards Gen. Rosser), repelling three charges 
in which the enemy made desperate effort to recapture the groun<l, and 
holding it until the battle was over. About this time Captain Lang- 
home was promoted lieutenant-major of his regiment; after 
battle of Seven Pines received commission as lieutenant-colonel and 
afterwards colonel of same, but receiveci in that battle a severe gun- 
shot wound in left leg which incapacitated him for field service. He was 
assigned in the same year (1863) to Lynchburg as post commander, 
but retired in the latter part of the same year. Then took charge of 
and organized for the reserves under General Kemper. Later wa« put 
in command of a briga<le of reserves and convalescents, and sent with 
them to confront Stoneman and check his advance at the time Stone- 
man made the raid into Virginia and burned the salt works. In Feb- 
ruary, 1865, (volonel Langhorne was detailed to the secret service, a 
service made up of three colonels whose duties were to consider plans 
of action Jigainst the enemy. He was so serving at the close of the 
war. Since that time he has been engaged principally in handling 
toba<?co in many forms. His brother William wa« in service one year 
of the war, first sergeant in the 2d Virginia (^avalrv. Daniel A liing- 


home, another brother, now a practicing physician, was one year in 
service, lieutenant-colonel of the 42d Virginia regiment. 


Waa bom in Washington, D. C, August 19, 1844, the son of Wood- 
ville and Sarah M. (Bowen) Latham. His father, born in Culpeper 
county, Virginia, died at Lynchburg in 1881 . His mother, the daughter 
of Dr. P. B. Bowen of Culpeper county, resides in LjTichburg. Charles 
P. left Washington with his father's family in 1861, moving to Culpeper 
county, Virginia. He entered the Confederate States Army at the age 
of eighteen years, in 1863, joining Company H, 4th Virginia Cavalry. 
He was wounded at Raccoon Ford, when Meade fell back to Bristoe 
Station. In December, 1863, he was captured, and remained a prisoner 
at Point Lpokout seven months. He was exchanged by special request 
of Judge Ould, the Confederate Commissioner, rejoined his command, 
and served till close of war. He had two brothers in service, one a 
private in company with himself. The other entered the army as cap- 
tain of artillery, but was detailed for service in the ordnance depart- 
ment; was subsequently sent to Lynchburg to establish powder mills, 
but the evacuation of Richmond occurring, the work was abandoned. 
After the close of the war, Judge Latham taught school a year or two^ 
was also agent for the Adams express company. He then moved to 
Danville to accept position as clerk of the United States courts thei*e, 
so serving from 1870 to 1878. He has been engaged in the practice of 
law, and is now judge of corporation court for Lynchburg, appointed 
by the legislature in 1882, for term beginning on January 1, 1883. The 
first wife of Judge Latham was Kate R. Miller, and they had one daugh- 
ter, Kate M., now Hving with her aunt, in Washington, D. C. He mar- 
ried secondly Mary E., daughter of F. W. and Harriet Edwards, of 
Floyd county, Virginia. They were married in Floyd county, February 
21, 1883, and have one daughter, Ella O. A second daughter, Mary E., 
is deceased. 


Mr. Lee was bom in Tennessee on November 16, 1836, but has been a 
resident of Virginia since childhood. He entered the Confederate States 
Army in May, 1861, in Company F, 2d Virginia (^avalry, and from the 
ranks was promoted corporal, then sergeant, then lieutenant. He 
served till the close of the war, participating in more than forty engage- 
ments, among them the battles of first and second Manassas, Sharps- 
burg, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor (where he had a horse 
shot under him), Raccoon Ford, Brandy Station, Spotsylvania C. H., 


Five Forks. In 1870, he married Nannie B. Anthony, of Lynchburg, 
descended from a family early settled in Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Lee 
have two daughters: Alice A. and Mary G., and two sons: James L, 
jr., and Garnett O. Mr. Lee carries on an extensive wholesale grocery 
business in Lynchburg. 


Was bom in Buckingham county, Virginia, on the 28th of August, 
1832. The Lucado family has been settled in Virginia for three gener- 
ations, and the father of Leonard F., Edwin Lucado, was a soldier of 
the war of 1812, a meml)er of a Virginia regiment. The mother of 
Capt. Lucado was Lucy Fred well. His parents are now deceased. 
December 23, 1860, Rev. G. \V. Langhorne officiating, he married Belle 
V. Pettigrew, who was born in Botetourt county, Virginia, on March 
14, 1846. The children of Capt. Lucado are two sons. Garland F. and 
Albert W., the former now taking the mihtary course at the Virginia 
Military Institute, Lexington. Capt. Lucado entered the Confederate 
States Army on April 24, 1861, in Company G, 11th Virginia Infantry. 
He was commissioned captain of commissary department in the field, 
August 8, 1861, and a little later assigned to Gen. Longstreet's brigade 
head-quarters as regimental commissary. While so assigned he was at 
the battles of Williamsburg, Seven Pines, Fraziers Farm (where he was 
wounded), second Manassas, Boonsboro, Sharpsburg, Antietam, 
Gettysburg, Drainsville, Cold Harbor. After June 12, 1864, he was 
with Gen. Early, and at all the battles in which his troops engaged 
until after Cedar Creek battle, among them Hanover Junction, where 
Capt. Lucado was again wounded. He surrendered at Appomattox 
C. H., having been in constant service through the war, and one of the 
original Home Guards. His brother William F. served in the 2d Vir- 
ginia Cavalry, from 1863 to the close of the war. Capt. Lucado is 
engaged in the wholesale grocery business, which he has followed for a 
number of years. He has been two years a member of the Lynchburg 
city council. 


On the paternal side Mr. McCorkle is of Scotch descent, his father's 
father coming to Virginia in colonial days from Scotland. His moth- 
er's grandfather, Jno. O'Donald, settled in Virginia with his family at 
Cartersville about 1787; he was present at the execution of the traitor 
Arnold. Samuel McCorkle, father of Tazewell M., was many years an 
honored resident of Lynchburg, where he was engaged in business for 
over forty years, the firms of McCorkle and McDaniel controlling the 
business of this section many years. He was president of the Mer- 


chants' Bank of Lynchburg, and was for a long time a member of the 
Board of the James River and Kanawha Canal Company. He died in 
August, 1866. His wife, mother of Tazewell M., was Sarah B. Perry. 
She is still living in Lynchburg, now 80 years of age. To this honored 
couple it was given to furnish five sons for the service of Virginia in 
the War between the States: Alexander R., Samuel M., Calvin, Wil- 
liam O., and Tazewell M. The latter entered the service at Hampden- 
Sidney College, in May, 1861, rank of third lieutenant. He was taken 
prisoner at Rich Mountain battle, July, 1861, and paroled three days 
later, at Beverly. He was not exchanged until eighteen months 
later, when he again took the field, serving in the First Rockbridge 
Artillery until the close of the war. The Wilderness, Cold Harbor, 
Spotsylvania C. H. and Tillman's Farm were among the heaviest of 
the battles in which he took part. 

Mr. McCorkle was educated for the ministry, graduating from the 
Union Theological Seminary of Prince Edward county, Virginia. 
After preaching for eighteen months he withdrew from the ministry on 
account of failing health. Later he engaged in mercantile pursuits, 
and he is now the senior member of the firm of T. M. McCorkle & Co., 
wholesale and retail groceries. On November 13, 1861, at Farmville, 
Virginia, Rev. Nelson Head, of the M. E. Church (South) officiating, he 
married Susanna M. Dunnington, who was born in Farmville, on 
November 30, 1842. 


Was born in Lexington, Virginia, on the 18th of October, 1852. He 
is the son of John O.and E. S. Mays, his father now deceased, his mother 
living in Lynchburg, and the grandson of C. M. Mays, also a Virginian. 
His wife is EllaM., daughter of L. E. and S. A. Coffey, honored residents 
of Lynchburg. She was born in Lynchburg, in 1865, and they were 
married there in 1886. They have two children, W. E. and Holly V. 
For nineteen years Mr. Mays has been in the employ of the N. & W. 
R. R. and he is now the foreman of their shops at L.>Tichburg. 


Mr. Miller was educated at Washington College, Lexington, Virginia. 
He is in business as one of the firm of Miller & Hawkins, this being one 
of the largest tobacco firms in Lynchburg, with an immense foreign 
business. In December, 1887, their shipments amounted to over 
f 50,000. Mr. Miller has been appointed one of the commissioners to 
represent Virginia in the coming World's Exhibition held in Australia, 
an appointment in every way fitting, and one that will creditably sustain 


the dignity of Virginia and of the Nation. Speaking of this appoint'- 
ment, the Lynchburg Advance says : " He is a gentleman of keen obser- 
vation, and practical foresight, and we do not believe a more fitting 
representative to Australia could have been chosen/' James Miller, 
brother of R. L., entered the Confederate States Army in Company H, 
Ist Virginia regiment, and served until killed in battle of Hatcher's 
Run. James V. Knight, maternal grandfather of Mr. Miller, came 
from Ireland to Virginia in 1812. 


Was bom in Campbell county, on September 4, 1840, the son of T. B. 
and Fannie E. Moorman. He entered the Virginia Military Institute in 
1863, and took the field with the Cadets in 1864, and in battle of New 
Market received a grapeshot wound in left arm, sealing in his blood his 
love of the South, before he was nineteen years of age. He left the 
institute when the Cadets were disbanded at Richmond, at the close of 
the war. In May, 1868, Rev. Jos. Spriggs officiating, he married 
Lucinda Moorman, born in Campbell county. They have three children : 
Carleton G., Bolen C, and Fannie G., and have lost one son, Edward S. 
Mr. Moorman was United States revenue collector two years ; justice of 
the peace six years, and in May, 1887, was electeil treasurer of Campbell 
county, in which office he is still serving. 


The subject of this sketch was born and wedded in Campbell county, 
which has always been his home. March 13, 1835, is the date of his 
birth, and on January 20, 1863, Rev. S. T. Moorman united him in 
marriage with Ellen, daughter of John C. and Catharine (Leftridge) 
Moorman. The record of their children is: Marcellus N., jr., born 
November 1, 1864; Etta H., bom March 24, 1866, died October 26, 
1867; J. Pelham, bom June 11, 1868; Annie C, bom February 19, 
1875, died May 9, 1876; L. Leftwich, bora April 21, 1873. In April, ^ 
1861, Mr. Moorman entered the Confe<lerate States Army, in the Beau- ^'' 
regard Rifles, but in a short time was commissioned captain of Moor- 
man's battery of six guns. After a year 's service he was transferred to 
the Stuart Horse Artillery. In 1863 he was promoted major of ar- 
tillery. Except when disabled by wounds he was in constant service in 
the field till the close of the war, participating in over sixtj' engage- 
ments, among which were the battles of Malvern Hill, Gettysburg, 
Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville. He was wounded in the right 
foot, and again (at Spotsylvania C. H.) in the right shoulder. Paroled 
at Appomattox C. H. In battle of Chancellorsville, Major Moorman 


was riding beside General Jackson, (who was his teacher in former 
years) when that loved leader received the fatal shot, and a« the Gen- 
eral fell Major Moorman took charge of "Old Sorrel," which later he 
turned over to Gen. Stuart. The last words of General Jackson were 
addressed to Major Moorman. E. H. I^^^^^^^*^"? brother of Marcellus 
N., was in the artillery service, C. S. A., through the war. Major Moor- 
man is engaged in the tobacco commission business. 


Was born in the city of Richmond, Virginia, in 1831, the son of Col. 
George Wythe Munford, who for twenty-five years was Secretary of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia. In November, 1853, he married Elizabeth 
Henrietta, daughter of Col. George P. Tayloe of Roanoke county, Vir- 
ginia. Shedied in December, 1863. In 1866 he married Emma Tayloe, 
who was born at her father's seat, Mount Airy, Richmond county, Vir- 
ginia. This marriage was solemnized in Washington City, by Rev. 
Charles Mumegerode. Thomas T. Munford entered the Virginia Military 
Institute in July, 1849, and was graduated thence in July, 1859. For 
a time he was clerk for Ing. G. Mason, president of the I. R. & K. 
Railroad company. He then settled down as farmer and planter, and 
was so engaged until the war broke out. At the close of the war he 
resumed the same occupations, which he still follows. 

He entered the Confederate States Army with commission of lieuten- 
ant-colonel in the 30th Virginia Mounted Infantry. At the reorganiza- 
tion of the regiment into the 2d Virginia Cavalry he was commissioned 
its colonel. Later he was promoted brigadier general, rank to date 
from Wickham's resignation. In second Manassas battle he received 
two slight sabre cut wounds; was wounded by spent ball at Turkey 
Ridge. Served through the war, and was in command of Fitz Lee's 
division at Appomattox. At the head of his command cut through the 
enemy's lines, and his forces disbanded at Lynchburg, April 9, 1865, 
where the regiment with which he entered service first formed to go the 
front. General Munford has served two terms as president of the Board 
of Visitoi*8 of the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington. 


Although many years an honored resident of Virginia , Judge Nowlin 
was bom in the State of Missouri (in 1841), and ha« lived for a time in 
Texas. He is of English descent, his grandfather coming to America 
before the Revolutionary war, in which he was a soldier of the Con- 
tinental army, and also serving in the war of 1812, with rank of major. 


Judge Nowlin entered the Confederate States Army on April 23, 1861, in 
Company G, (Old Home Guard of Lynchburg), 11th Virginia Infantry. 
He )va8 with his regiment in the fights of July 18 and 21, 1861, and in 
the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, where he was badly wounded 
and captured.* He was taken a prisoner to Washington, D. C, and 
confined in the "Old Capitol Building,'' about six months. Was 
exchanged among the first prisoners, but never again able for field duty 
on account of wound. He was on local military duty from that time to 
the close of the war, and took part in the defense of Lynchburg when 
it was attacked by Hunt-er. In 1867 he graduated in law, and began 
practice. In 1872 removed to Texas, where he remained twelve years. 
He was appointed district judge of the Denton district, Texas, by Gov. 
Roberts of Texas; served a number of years and resigned; served two 
years as city attorney of Dallas; returned to Virginia in 1883, and is 
now attorney for the Lynchbui*g & Durham Railroad. In Campbell 
county he married Lutu M. Nowlin, of Virginia, Rev. Jos. Spriggs 
uniting them, and they have three children: Percy V., Elmo P., and 
Viva M. 


Was born in Lynchburg, October 19, 1829 ; was graduated at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute in July, 1849 ; enlisted in the same year in the 
Virginia Volunteer Militia, serving until April 23, 1861, when he was 
mustered into service at Richmond as Firet Lieutenant of Company G, 
11th regiment, C. S. A. He served through the war, rising to the 
command of the regiment, and was twice severely wounded : first, in 
the hist day's fighting at Gettysburg, in the famous charge of Pickett's 
Division ; again at Drurys Bluff, May 16, 1864, the latter wound p>er- 
manently disabling him from active servicte in the field. After the close 
of the war he assisted in the reorganization of the Lynchburg Home 
Guards, the company with which he entered service in the war becoming 
Company E, 3(1 Virginia Regiment. With this he has ever since been 
connectetJ, and is now captain, constituting altogether, except two 
brief intervals, an almost uninterrupted military service of forty-three 
years. He is present commander of Camp Samuel Garland, Confeder- 
ate Veterans, of Lynchburg. Col. Otey is serving as auditor of the city 
of Lynchburg at the present time. He married, February 19, 1 862, Lucy 
Dabney Norvell, daughter of J'ayette H. and Mary C. (Roane) Norvell, 
born at Trenton, Tennessee, January 14, 1845. They have three child- 
ren living: John M., born February 5, 1866; Norvell, bom November 
17, 1872; Kirkwood, jr., bom March 3, 1884. Their first-born wjis a 
daughter, Mina Gaston, born February 23, 1863, died August 12,1879. 
The paternal grandfather of Col. Otey was Major Isaac Otey, of 


Bedford county, Virginia, who ably represented that tier of counties of 
which Bedford is one, in the Senat.e of Virginia for thirty years. The 
family of Col. Otey was of essentially military stock, adding well-earned 
laurels for the name in the late war. Of seven brothers and the only 
brother-in-law in the family, all entered the Confederate States Army at 
its first call 'for troops, and served through the war, or were killed or 
died in the service. An extract from a Lynchburg paper published in 
the Spring of 1861, the article entitled <<A Military Family,'' shows this 
and is worthy of perpetuation here. It reads : 

The family of the late Capt. John M. Otey of Lynchburg are all in 
active service, as follows: Dexter Otey, first lieutenant of a cavalry 
company, Lynchburg; Van. R. Otey, member of the same company; 
John Stewart Walker (son-in-law), captain of the Virginia Life 
Guards, at Yorktown ; Kirk Otey, captain of a Lynchburg company at 
Manassas Junction ; Hays Otey, first lieutenant in provisional army at 
Norfolk; Ga«ton Otey, first lieutenant in provisional army at York- 
town; John M. Otey, second lieutenant in provisional army under Col. 
Cocke at Manassas; Peter J. Otey, second lieutenant provisional army 
at Sewells Point, fired the first gim in response to the salutations of 
Lincoln's vessels. All of these gentlemen, we believe, have the advan- 
tage of a military education, one served in Mexico, and four were at 
Harpers Ferry and Charlestown. We may mention the fact that twenty 
years ago. Captain John M. Otey, father of the seven above named, 
and father-in-law of the other, at a time of profound peace, and when 
there was an absence of all military spirit, expressed the opinion 
that the boy who made himself the best soldier would be likely to find 
the most ready and useful employment befoi-e he had passed the matu- 
rity of manhood. He confirmed it by graduating five of them at the 
Virginia Military Institute, and tho' deprived by death of the pleasure 
and gratification 'twould have given him, his widow lived to see every 
one of them in the active military service of her beloved Southern 
country, not even detailing one of them to remain at home as her 

The further service in the field of Col. Kirk wood Otey has just been 
given ; that of Major Peter J. Otey is in the sketch following this. Of the 
others the record is : Dexter, lieutenant in the Wise troop, died in 1863 ; 
Van. R., lieutenant Company B, 2d Virginia Cavalry, rendered unfit 
for field service by sickness contracted in army, made provost mar- 
shal at Lynchburg, and died in 1864; Gaston, captain of the Otey 
Battery, wounded and died in Lynchburg in 1863; W. H. (Hays), adju- 
tant of the 56th Virginia regiment, subsequently captain of ordnance ; 
Col. John M., on staff duty, assigned to Gen. Beauregard's staff at 
Manassas in 1861, served with him until after battle of Shiloh, sub- 


sequently with Genn. Bragg and Joseph E. Johnston in their western 
campaigns, returned to Gen. Beauregard at Charleston, and surrendered 
at Greensboro, N. C.,in 1865, and paroled by Gen. Sherman. Major John 
Stewart Walker (Col. Otey's brother-in-law) raised and chiefly out of 
his private means armed and equipped, the Virginia Life Guards of 
Richmond, was promoted major of the 15th Virginia Infantry, and 
was in command of his regiment when killed in battle of Malvern Hill. 
The devoted mother of this family, Mrs. Lucy W. Otey, rendered service 
not less to be commemorated. She established, organized, and man- 
aged the Ladies' Confederate Hospital at Lynchburg (which was inde- 
pendent of the Confederate States Medical Department there), reporting 
direct to the Surgeon General's office, Richmond, Virginia. It was well 
known throughout the Confederacy through those who had been 
inmates thereof, and was in great measure maintained by those officers 
and soldiers who had experienced the kind attention, care and nursing 
of the officers and ladies of the hospital. 

John M. Otey, father of Col. Kirkwood Otey, was bom Dec. 2, 
1792, in Bedford County, Virginia, and died in Lynchburg, Feb. 3, 
1859. He removed to Lynchburg at an early age, and was successively 
the Book-keeper, Teller and Cashier of the Bank of Virginia at that 
place, holding the latter position at his death. Wa« for 21 years a 
member of the City Council and for 18 years its president. His wife, 
Mrs. Lucy Wilhelmina Otey, daughter of Capt. William Norvell, was 
bom Feb. 28, 1801 , and died in May, 1866, in Richmond, Virginia. 


One of the sons of the distinguishes! family whose military and family 
reitord has just been given, was bom in Lynchburg. At Wytheville, Vir- 
ginia, Father Walters officiating, he married Mallie, daughter of Benj. 
Rush Floyd, and granddaughter of the first Gov. John Floyd. Mrs. 
Otey's mother was Nannie S. Mathews, granddaughter of Gen. Smyth, 
member of Congress from Virginia. The record of the children of Col. 
and Mi*s. Otey is : Mary, born March 4, 1866, now Mrs. Mitchell, living 
in Lynchburg; Nannie, born January 18, 1869, now Mrs. Miller, living 
in Lynchburg; Floyd, born June 7, 1872, and Nathalie F., bom March 
8, 1876, living at home; Peter J. jr., bom July 21, 1879, died Febru- 
ary 7, 1882; Charles Heald, born May 15, 1884, died same day. 
Col. Otey entered the Confederate States Army as lieutenant, April 19, 
1861. On May 19 following, his was the hand that fired the first gun 
at Sewells Point, Virginia, the first gun fired after the declaration of 
war, and the first blood shed after the declaration was in the two hours 
engagement following, when the '^Monticello, " under command of 


Commodore Eagle, was repulsed. He served as adjutant in battles of 
Camifax FeiTy, Fayette C. H., Charleston, Montgomery Ferry, and Cot- 
ton Hill, all under Floyd and Loring; was assistant adjutant general 
battle of Fort Donelson; was major of 30th Virginia battalion, and 
commanded one wing of same in charge of Breckenridge on Siegel at 
New Market. There Col. Otey was wounded, having right arm shat- 
tered. Later was transferred to Early's command, participating in 
campaign of the Valley, succeeding Lieut. Col. Clark (who was disabled ) in 
command of 30th Va. Battalion; commanded brigade in battle of 
C^ar Creek, October 19, 1864; commanded battalion in battle of 
Waynesboro, March 2, 1865, and was there captured; held in Fort 
Delaware until released May 31, 1865. Col. Otey has held a number of 
municipal and political offices ; was thirteen years the active executive 
officer of the Lynchburg National Bank, and is now president of the 
Lynchburg & Durham Railroad. 


Was bom in Lynchburg on November 11, 1840, and was educated at 
the University of Virginia. From April 17, 1861, to May 4, 1865, he 
was in the military service of the Confederate States, entering service as 
first lieutenant of Company "C, " Irish Battalion, Second Brigade, 
Jackson's Division. With this command he was in active service, tak- 
ing part in all its engagements until after the battle of Fredericksburg. 
He was then appointed a captain in the Ordnance (/orps C. S. A., and 
stationed first at Wilmington, then at Greensboro, North Carolina, 
where he wa« surrendered with Genl. Johnston's army. 

At " Walnut Grove" in Montgomery county, Virginia, on Det^ember 2, 
1863, he married Elizabeth Alien Langhorne, who was bom at *' Edge 
Hill,*' Montgomery county, on December 20, 1842. Their children are 
six: Archer Langhorne, Robert Spotswood, John Meem, jr., Margai'et 
Kent and Eliza M. Payne. The genealogy of thefamiliesof Capt. Payne 
and his wife is thus traced : Capt. Payne is the son of Dr. Robert Spotswood 
Payne of Lynchburg, who was the son of Alexander S. Payne and his wife 
Charlotte, daughter of Archibald Bryce, who came to Virginia from 
Scotland. The wife of Archibald Bryce was Mary, daughter of William 
Mitchell, whose wife was Agatha, daughter of Josiah Payne, who came 
to Goochland county from England and was the ancestor of Mrs. Presi- 
dent Madison. Alexander S. Payne, grandfather of Capt. Payne, was 
the son of Archer Payne, who married Martha Dand ridge, a cousin of 
Mrs. Genl. Washington, and was the daughter of Nathaniel West Dan- 
dridge, who married Dorothia Spotswood, daughter of Governor 
Alexander Spotswood (see Vol. 1, page 39). The father of Nathaniel 

Virginia r ^^n:cKfVH\c^"' x^^sr^xwr:^ 


West Dandridge was Capt. William Dandridge,who married Unit^'Weet, 
a descendant of Lord De La Ware. Archer Payne, great grandfather 
of Capt. Payne, wa« the son of John Payne of "White Hall/' Gooch- 
land count3', who wa49 the eldest son of the above mentioned Josiah 
Payne, who was the son of Sir William PajTie of Bedfordshire, England. 

The mother of Capt. Payne was Frances A. R., daughter of John G. 
Meem of Lynchburg, whose parents were Gilbert and Frances (Sim vail) 
Meem. Her mother was Eliza C, daughter of Andrew Russell, who was 
the son of Andrew Russell, whose wife was Margaret Christian, 
daughter Col. William Christian and Molly CampbeU, an aunt of Genl. 
William Campl>ell of Kings Mountain. The wife of Andrew Russell 
first named was Anna, daughter of Edward and Mary (Robinson) Mc- 
Donald, and was an aunt of Governor David Campbell (see Vol. l,page 

Elizabeth Allen (Langhome) Payne is the daughter of John Archer 
Langhorne of Montgomery county, who was the son of Col. Maurice 
Langhome, jr., who married Elizabeth Allen of Prince Edward county. 
The parents of Col. Maurice Langhorne, jr., were both of the Langhome 
family, the wife bearing the same name before marriage. John Archer 
Langhorne married Margaret, daughter of Capt. Jacob Kent of Mont- 
gomery county, who was the son of Joseph and Margaret (McGavock) 
Kent of Wythe county. Capt. Jacob Kent's wife was Mary, the daugh- 
ter of Abraham and Mildred (Blackburn) Buford, and was a niece of 
Capt. Thomas Buford, who was killed at the battle of Point Pleasant 
(see Vol. 1, page 323). 


Was born in Campbell county, Virginia, May 10, 1848, the son of 
Philip M. Payne, now decease*!, and Mary E. (Mitchell) Payne, now a 
resident of Albemarle county, Virginia. He married in Lynchburg on 
New Year's Day, 1878, Mary A. Morris, who was born in Richmond, 
Virginia. They have an only child, a son named Samuel G. Mrs. 
Payne is the daughter of Charles and Pauline B. (Garland) Morris, 
her mother now living in Lynchburg; her father deceased. In the late 
civil war, Mr. Payne's family was represented in the Confederate States 
Army by three brothers: Charles R., Samuel G. and John A.; Charles 
R. died in the service. Mr. Payne is in business in Lynchburg as 
tobacco commission merchant, head of the firm of Mosby H. Pajiie & 
Co., proprietors of Pace's Tobacco Warehouse, Main, Twelfth and 
Church streets. He is recognized not only as one of the best and most 
progressive tobacco merchants, but as a public spirited citizen and 
capitalist. He is a member of the Electoral Board of the State, and of 
the Board of Police Commissioners of Lynchburg; a prominent 


KnightH Templar, and his social standing is as assured as his posi- 
tion in the commercial world. 


Was born in Lynchburg, on July 19, 1857, the son of James Alexan- 
der Robinson, and his wife, nee Mary Virginia Love. The mother of 
Mr. Robinson, is still a resident of Lynchburg. His father, who was 
bom in New London, Bedford county, Virginia, died in Lynchburg in 
1883. During the war between the States he served as provost 
marshal. Nannie Josephine, wife of Mr. Robinson, was born in 
Chesterfield county, Virginia, the daughter of Edwin J. and Mollie 
Madder Gresham. Her mother died in Petersburg, Virginia; her 
father, born in Chesterfield county, Virginia, now lives in Washington, 
D. C. She became the wife of Mr. Robinson on the 19th of December, 
1882, and they have one son, James Edwin. Mr. Robinson is a whole- 
sale dealer in confectionery, tobacco and cigars ; headquarters No. 609 
Main St. 


Was bom in Bremen, Germany, December 5, 1851. He is the son of 
Johann Wilhelm Schaefer, also born in Bremen, who died March, 1880, 
and Sophie (Brandes) Schaefer, born in Leipzig, Germany, died in 
August, 1874. The first wife of Edmund Schaefer was Mary Walker of 
Richmond, whom he married October 28, 1880, and who died on the 
9th of March, 1882. He marrie<l secondly, at Baltimore, Maryland, 
Eugenia E. Martin, bom in Baltimore. They were united in wedlock 
on October 29, 1884, by Rev. Dr. Leeds. They have three sons, born: 
Edmund, August 16, 1885; Charles Martin, February 10, 1887; Fred- 
erick August, March 13, 1888. Mr. Schaefer was raised in Bremen, and 
entered the tobacco business there in April, 1867. On October 21, 
1871 , he left Bremen, coming to America, and making his home first in 
New York City, then in Baltimore. He first came to Lynchburg in 
October, 1872, where he spent portions of his time each year during 
the tobacco season. He settled permanently in Lynchburg May 1 , 1877, 
going into partnership with John D. Holt, forming the firm of Holt, 
Schaefer & Co. Since 1882 he has been identified with many other 
interests, among them : President of the Virginia Nail & iron Works 
Co. since January, 1885; president of the Lone Jack Cigarette Co. since 
July, 1886; president of the Lynchburg Ice & Refrigerator Co. since 
March, 1885 ; and is on the Board of Directors of other companies. 



The Hubjet't of thin HkeUrh wii« born in Lynchburg, on AufaruHt 12, 
1H8H, son of William T. and Susan (Leftwidi) Smith. William Todd, 
the gi-eat grandfather of Gen. Smith, came to the colony in 1750, from 
Scotland. In Richmond, Virginia, February 27, 1878, Gen. Smith 
married Norvell, daughter of Dr. Joseph V. and Mary E. (Bullock) 
Hobson, now of Richmond, formerly of Powhatan county, Virginia. 
She was born in Powhatan county, August 26, 1856. From the open- 
ing to the close of the late civil war, Gen. Smith was in axitive and 
honorable service in the Confederate States Army. He entered serviw 
on April 23, 1861, in the Home Guard company of Lynchburg, which 
at once took the field as Company G, of the 11th Virginia regiment. 
His rank then was third corporal, and he received rapid promotion 
through all the non-commissioned grades until, in January, 1862, he 
was jtromoted junior second lieutenant: one year from entering service, 
on April 28, 1862, he was commissioned first lieutenant; in May, 1862, 
promoted captain. For the greater portion of the last eighteen months 
service he was in command of the 11th in the field. He was wounded 
in the left arm at Seven Pines, from the effects of which he has never 
recovered . Again wounded at Gettysburg, gunshot in right leg, received 
during that brilliant fighting in the last day of the battle which htis 
rendered immortal the name of Pickett's Division ; was captured with 
the regiment at Sailors Creek, April 5, 1865; h^ld three weeks in the 
Old Capitol Prison, Washington; six weeks on Johnsons Island, Lake 
Erie, then paroled. In 1867 he reorganized his old company, which 
has ever since been a part of the State troops. He waiS made a general 
of the State Militia soon after, and retains the rank. Gen. Smith is 
engaged in business in Lynchburg as tobacco manufacturer. 


Wtis born in Gordons ville, Virginia, August 15, 1861. His father wjis 
Benjamin Thomas Smith, born in Culpeper, Virginia, entered Con- 
federate States Army in the Cavalry service, was wounded, and died of 
effects of wound at Gordonsville, in 1862. William Smith, brother of 
Benj. Thomas, was also in the Confederate States Army, and was 
killed in battle. The mother of Mr. Smith, whose maiden name was 
Bettie Amanda Blanks, removed to Lynchburg during the war, and 
died in November, 1876. In Lynchburg, July 11, 1883, Rev. T. M. 
Carson officiating, Wm. Otway Smith married Flora Lee, daughter of 
Philip Thornton Withers and Flora Virginia Withers, still residents of 
Lynchburg. She was born in Lynchburg, October 25, 1862, and their 
children were born here: Wm. Otway, jr., on July 7, 1884; Benj. 


Thornton, December 4, 1886. Mr. Smith attended the Lynchburg 
schools about six years. In 1879 he clerked for W. D. Smyth, tobacco 
jobber. In 1882, went into the same business for himself, and is still 
so engaged, a member of the firm of Smith, Stuart & Co. 


Was bom in Staunton, Virginia, September 1, 1836, the son of Elisha 
L. and Susan A. (Thomas) Snead. His fkther, now deceased, was born 
in Albemarle county, Virginia. When he was four years of age his 
parents made their home in Lynchburg, and he attended the schools 
here for a number of years. At the age of fifteen years he left school to 
learn the carpenter's trade under his father, who was a contractor and 
builder. Except for the time he was in piilitary service he remained 
with his father, and when the latter died in Lynchburg, in 1869, he 
continued in the business, and is now head of the firm of W. B. Snead 
& Co., doing a large and lucrative business as contractors and builders. 
He entered the Confederate States Army April 23, 1861, in Company 
G, 11th Virginia Infantry. After participation in battles of 1st 
Manassas and Seven Pines, he was on special detail in the secret ser- 
vice, till forced by disability to leave the army, in July, 1862. On 
February 21, 1862, Rev. H. P. Mitchell officiating, he married 
Susanna A. Bailey. She was born in Richmond, Virginia, the 
daughter of James Bailey, born in Maryland, died in Lynchburg, and 
Ann (Ophold) Bailey, born in Pennsylvania. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Snead are six: Carrie A., W. W., John T., Henry C, Aurelia H. 
and Edward Carl. All live in Lynchburg except Carrie A., who is now 
the wife of E. M. Graham, of Omaha, Nebraska. 


Was bom May 19, 1819, in that part of Campbell county, Virginia, now 
included in Appomattox county; was married in Lynchburg, Decem- 
ber 18, 1845, Rev. E. H. Crumpston officiating; he married Maria 
V. Ferguson, who was born in Lynchburg, October 16, 1825. The 
record of their children is : Charles W., deceased ; Thomas R., married ; 
Beaumont, deceased ; Elizabeth, married ; William, lives in Appomattox 
county ; Mary, lives in Lynchburg ; Clifford, deceased; I^elia, decreased; 
Gertrude, deceased. Capt. Statham was magistrate of Lynchburg 
two terms; member of school board four years; trustee of the Miller Female 
Orphan Asylum now and for a number of years ; ten years director of 
the Norfolk & Western Railroad; now director of the First National 
Bank of Lynchburg. He made his home in Lynchburg in 1833, and 
has lived here continuously since then, and is now one of the oldest 


business men of the city. For nine years he filled the editorial chair of 
the Virginmn, and was a dealer and shipper of tobacco for forty years. 
In IHOI he, with Charles J. Raine, raised and equipped an artillery 
company for the (confederate States Army. He went into service with 
tlie company ,with the rank of First Lieutenant ; was wounded and cap- 
tured in Rich Mt. battle, July 11, 1861, and held on field and at Bev- 
erly two weeks, then paroled. All the prisoners there taken were 
exchanged under a general cartel in August, 1862, and Captain Stat- 
ham rejoined his command on September 14, 1862. With his company 
he assisted in the capture of Miles and his forces at Harper's Ferry, and 
in two days thereafter was in Sharpsburg battle, under the immediate 
direction of Gen. Jackson, through Major Broekenbrough. Later he 
took part in battles of Hamilton's ('rossing, Fredericksburg, Mine Run 
and many others, commanding his company at Mine Run. On account 
of disability he retired from active service in 1864, and w^as appointed 
by Gen. Kenrper colonel in charge of local forces of Lynchburg, serving 
in that position till the close of the war, and surrendered the city to 
the Federal forces. His father, Richmond Statham, wa« bom in what 
is now Nelson county, Virginia, and died in Campbell county in Septem- 
ber, 1839, at the age of 72 years. His mother, whose maiden name 
was Rhoda Hill, was bom in Prince Edward county, Virginia, and died 
in Campbell county, in July, 1839, tvged 52 years. 


The subject of this sketch was born in Richmond, Virginia, on 
November 15, 1832, but has long been a resident of Ijynchburg, 
engaged in business in that city since 1855. His first marriage was 
with Sallie Mitithell of Bedford county, Virginia, who died leaving him 
two sons, William M. and Robert. He married secondly at Lynch- 
burg, on February 26, 1862, Jennie L. Langhorne, and they have one 
son, Sidney. Mr. Strother is now the only survivor of four brothers 
who gave their service to the Confederate States during the late war. 
He entered service in April, 1861, second lieutenant of Company E, 
11th Virginia Infantry, and was obliged to resign, on account of 
sickness, in the following winter; was later made captain of a 
company of reserves, so serving till the close of the war. His 
brother Sidney, sergeant in Cranshaw's battery, was killed in battle of 
Gaines Mills. Robert Q., another brother, served through tliewarin 
same batterv; since deceased. Fourth of these brothers was John M., 
who served as treasurer, C. S. A., rank of captain. When Richmond 
was evacuated he held all the funds of the Confederate States in his 
keeping; died suice the war. William A. Strother has been a bank 


director since 1861 , in the First National Bank of Lynchburg and the 
National Exchange Bank. He is a trustee of the Lynchburg Female 
Orphan Asylum, and for five years has been Eminent Commander of 
. the DeMolay Commandery, Knights Templar. He is head of the firm 
of W. A. Strother & Son, proprietors of the "Strother Silver Medal 
Cologne," and they are extensively engaged in the manufacture of per- 
fumeries, having a market in thirteen States. 


Was bom in Lynchburg, July 22, 1845, the son of Samuel B.Thurman, 
now one of the oldest citizens of Lynchburg, and the grandson of Rich- 
ard Thurman, one of the early settlers of Campbell county. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Martha Cox, is now deceased. The 
wife of Mr. Thurman, is Mary A., daughter of John F. and Annie 
E. Sanderson, bom in Goochland county, Virginia. Her father is now 
deceased, her mother living in New Kent county, Virginia. Their mar- 
riage w^as solemnized by Rev. S. Hepbron, November 9th, 1887, at the 
old Colonial Church of St. Peters, New Kent county. Mr. Thurman 
entered the Confederate States Army when in his 18th year, in January, 
1864, serving from that time to the close of the war in Company B, 2d 
Virginia Cavalry, and taking part in battles of the Wilderness, Win- 
chester, Cedar Run, Trevellian Station, and the many engagements 
around Richmond and Petersburg. His father was also in the Confeder- 
ate States Army, and his two brothers, Powhatan and Samuel. In 
1874 Alexander Thurman was appointed lumber inspector of Lynch- 
burg. In April, 1883, he was made chief of the fire department of 
Lynchburg, and is still fiUing that position. 



Has been for more than half a century an honored resident of Lynch- 
burg, for more than thirty years one of the city aldermen. He was bom in 
Lynchburg, January 17, 1823, and was married on February 9, 1843, 
when Bishop Thos. Atkinson joined him in wedlock with Marian F. C. 
Henry, who was bom in Campbell county, January 24, 1823. To 
trace the family line of Mr. and Mrs. Tyree is to connect them with 
names identified with the most honorable pages of the history of 
Virginia. He is the son of Richard Tyree, born in New Kent county, 
Virginia, and Mildred, daughter of Achilles Douglass, of Campbell 
county. Both died at the age of 73 years, and are buried in Lynch- 
burgr The Tyree and the Douglass families were early seated in Vir- 
ginia ; both of the Quaker faith. The father of Mrs. Samuel Tyree was 


A. S. Henry, son of Patrick Henry, and her mother wa« Paulina J., 
daughter of Dr. Geo. Cal)ell. Her mother was buried in Campbell 
county, and her father lies in the burial ground of the old residence of 
Patrick Henry, in Charlotte county. Her ancestry is further trace<l in 
preceding pages of ** Eminent Virginians,'' by R. A. Brock. Mr. Tyree 
is now filling the office of notary public. 


Was born in Prince Edward county, Virginia, August 22, 1825. He 
married S. Josephine Sampson, who died in 1870, leaving him three 
daughters, and four sons: Lelia, Frank, Richard S., Josephine S., Mary 
S., William T. and John. On May 25, 1875, Rev. Wm. Norwood offi- 
elating clergyman, he was united in marriage with Mrs. Frances Bayly 
formerly Frances Holladay, bom in Spotsylvania county, Virginia. 
They have one daughter, Gulielma. Dr. Walker is of Virginia descent, 
his father, William T. Walker, born in Amelia county, served in 
lievolutionary war with rank of captain; died in September, 1833. 
The mother of Dr. Walker was Mary, daughter of John Dupuy, and 
descendant of Bartholomew Dupuy, a Huguenot refugee, who settled in 
Mnnakintown, Virginia colony, in 1699. She was bom in Prince Edward 
county, and died in Febyuary, 1861. Dr. Walker holds the degree of 
A. M. from Hampden-Sidney college ; of M. D. from the Jefferson Medical 
college. He began practice in Prince Edward county in 1849. In 1852 
removed to Goochland county, and was thirty years in practice there. 
In 1882 settled in Lynchburg, where he stiU remains. He is a member of 
the I^ynchburg city council. Heentered service in the Confederate States 
Army on June 29, 1861, as surgeon at City Almshouse hospital, Rich- 
mond. After several months service there, he was appointed surgeon 
in charge of the hospital at Huguenot Spring, a hospital having 700 
capacity, and remained there until the close of the war. 


Son of William and Mary (Wharton) Watkins, and grandson of Thom- 
jis Watkins, was born in Halifax county, Virginia, March 10th, 1852. 
His father was born in Virginia, where the family has been long seatetl, 
and his mother was born in the State of Maine. His wife is Jimmie 
I^lia, daughter of Col. James W. and Mary Elizabeth (Jones) Watts, 
whose family record appears in this volume. She was born in Bedford 
county, Virginia, and they were married by Dr. W. E. Edwards, at the 
Court Street M. E. Church, L^mchburg, December 22, 1880. Their child- 
ren are Florence, Lucile, Lelia. Robert W. Watkins, brother of George 


P. served in the late war. His mother died in 1857, when he was five 
years old, and his father died in 1864, when he was twelve years old. 
After that he attended boarding school for two years, then entered on 
a business life in- 1868 as clerk in a retail store in Halifax county, Vir- 
ginia. In 1871 he went to Richmond as traveling salesman for the 
wholesale notion house of Yancey & Franklin; in 1875 went to Balti- 
more, traveling for a wholesale house. On July 1, 1878, became a 
partner in the wholesale boot and shoe firm of Witt & Watkins, in 
which he still continues at 808 Main street (see record of Geo. D. Witt j. 
Mr. W^atkins is also a director in the National Exchange Bank of 
Lynchburg, and has been since its organization. 


Son of Richard D. and Isabella E. (Newell) Watts, was born in Bedford 
county, Virginia, on April 19, 1833. On February 22, 1854, Rev. D. 
P. Wills officiating, he mamed Mary Elizabeth, daughter of F. E. and 
Sarah (Spears) Jones, of Appomattox county. Their children are 
named : Hubert B., Jimmie L., Thomas Ashby and Maude. They have 
buried one son, Oscar. Col. Watts entered the Confederate States 
Army May 11, 1861, in Company A, 2d Virginia Cavalry, rank of first 
lieutenant. In September, 1861, he was promoted captain; in March, 
1862, received commission of lieutenant-colonel, same regiment. He 
received eight sabre cuts in battle of second Manassa«; was again 
wounded at Opequan, December 27, 1862; and again at Aldie, June 
1863 where a gunshot wound in right fore-arm permanently disabled 
him for active field service. He served subsequently, and until the close 
of the war, as post commander, at Liberty, Bedford county. Col. 
Watts, who has now retired from business life, was for some time a 
partner in the well-known firm of Jones, Watts Bros. & Co. 


Bom in Lynchburg, on April 28, 1829, is the son of Jehu and Susan 
S. (Thompkins) Williams, long honored residents of Lynchburg, where 
the father was many years engaged in the jewelry trade and in his 
day the oldest business man of the town. He died in 1859, and his 
wife died in 1843. On December 17, 1850, James T. Williams married 
Martha J. Row, and their children were nine. Of these* four are now 
deceased, Susan S., Annie E., Bryant, and James T., jr. The living 
children are: Jehu R., Mary J., Martha I., Amanda W. and S. Duncan. 
Mr. Williams married secondly Mary E. Hanvey, Rev. Thomas H. 
Early joining them in wedlock on July 20, 1887. Her father and 


brother were in the Confederate States Amiy during the late war, a« 
was the brother of the first Mrs. Williams, Geo. W. Row. In 1848 Mr. 
Williams began business in Lynchburg as a merchant. In 1851 he 
removed to Richmond, where he was in business until 1867, and then 
returned to Lynchburg. He established a wholesale grocery business, 
in which he later associated with himself his eldest living son, and in 
January, 1883, the gentlemen who now with himself and son form the 
present house of James T. Williams, Son & Co., and carry on an exten- 
sive business extending throughout the State. Mr. WiUiams has been 
a member of the city council, a justice of the peace and chairman of the 
board of Fire Commissioners, which originated the present Efficient 


The subject of this sketch was bom in Lynchburg, on June 24, 1836. 
He is the son of Jehu and Susan (Thompkins) Williams whose reconi 
appears in the sketch preceding this one. He entered the Confederate 
State Army in May, 1861, rank of Captain, and assigned to the com- 
missary department, with headquarters at Lynchburg. After serving 
six months at this point, he was sent to Manassas Junction, which re- 
mained his headquarters five months, after which he returned to 
Lynchburg, and later served at Petersburg Landing. He resigned in 
1862. In 1864 he entered service again in Company Cf , 11th Virginia 
regiment, with which he was actively engaged until made a prisoner 
at Five Forks, April 1, 1865. He was held at Point Lookout three 
months, then paroled. First Manassas, Dinwiddle C. H., Five Forks, 
were among the battles in which he participated. Captain Williams is 
carrying on a coal, wood, ice and grocery business in Lynchburg. 


Is the son of the late Hon. Gustavus A. Wingfield, formerly judge of 
the 6th Judicial District of Virginia, and who died on February 18, 
1888, and the grandson of Lewis Wingfield, long an honored resident 
of Bedford county. His mother, who died in April, 1855, was Cliar- 
lotte, daughter of Samuel Griffin, also of Bedford county, for whom 
the subject of this sketch was named. He was bom in Bedford 
county. In Lynchburg, October 17, 1887, Rev. J. J. McGurk officiate 
ing, he married Sallie Lewis, daughter of John D. Alexander, and 
granddaughter of John Alexander. Her mother was Mary A., 
daughter of Samuel Pannill. As these names indicate, Mrs. Wingfield 
is of families identified with the history of Campbell county. At the 
the time of the war between the States Mr. Wingfield was in attend- 


ance at the Virginia Military Institute, and he was one of the corps of 
cadets who figured so heroically in the battle of New Market. Mr. 
Wingfield wa« an attorney at law, practicing in Lynchburg; but at 
present is clerk of the corporation and circuit courts, having been 
elected to that office at the spring election held in May, 1888. He has 
fiUed the office of Mayor of Lynchburg for one term of two years, 
beginning July 1, 1880. 


Was bom in Halifax county, Virginia, April 18, 1829. He is of Welsh 
descent, the Winston family settling in Bristol, Connecticut, where his 
grandfather died. His fa ther, Roma Winston , was born in Connecticut, 
in 1800, removed to Virginia, and died in 1834. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Saloma Heckman, died in 1875. On October 16, 
1855, Rev. Wm. H. Kinckle officiating, J. H.C. Winston married Martha 
J., daughter of A. Winston, and sister of the wife of Senator E. J. 
Folkes. She was born in Lynchburg, February 29, 1832. They have 
nine children, all living in Lynchburg, Edgar R., Sallie F., John A., 
Eunice D., William F., Irene M., Joseph H., Paulina C, Kate E. and 
have buried three children : Effie, born July 4, 1856, died October 23, 
1859; Annie T., born in 1860, died in 1862; Mamie, bom in 1878, 
died in 1884. Mr. Winston entered the Confederate States Army in 
March, 1862, Company D, 19th Battery, Virginia Heavy Artillery, rank 
of Second Lieutenant, and was promoted First Lieutenant in July, 
1862. He was in service tiU close of war, and took part in a number 
of skirmishes but no regular battles, the battery attached to (>ustis 
Lee's division at close of war. Mr. Winston came to Lynchburg in 
1852, and wajs in the employ of A. Winston, furniture business until 
1858, when he went into the same business with J. L. Winston. From 
1859 until he went into the army was in business for himself, and in 
1865 resumed the business. In 1868 removed to Snowville, Pulaski 
county, Virginia. In 1872 returned to Lynchburg, and again took up 
the furniture business, which he has continued to date. The firm, 
manufacturers and dealers in furniture at 620 and 622 Main street, is 
now J. H. C. Winston, Son & McGehee, the second son, John A., having 
entered into partnership in 1884, and Mr. McGehee in 1887. 


Son of David and Elizabeth J. Witt, was bom in Nelson county, Vir- 
ginia, May 22, 1848. He entered the Fleetwood Academy at about ten 
years of age, and received an English education at the different schools 
of his native county. An earnest desire to complete his education 


prompted him, about this time, to write to Gen.R. E. Lee at the Wa«li- 
inf^rt'On and l^ee University, relative to admittance to that institution. 
Though circumstances forced him to forego that plan, he still treasures 
with warm appreciation the kind words of encouragement he received 
in reply, in a letter in General Lee's own hand. In 1866 he accepted the 
offer of a position in a counting house in Lynchburg, which position 
he held until in 1H69 he accepted an offer to go to Baltimore, where he 
remained in the wholesale shoe trade until 1878. On November 5, 
1878, he was married by Rev. Dr. Leeds of Grace Episcopal Church, 
Baltimore, to Ida E. King. The bride was the daughter of John King, 
of Baltimore, and granddaughter of William King of County Armagh, 
Ireland, who (^me to this country and made his home in Annapolis, 
Maryland, removing thence to Georgetown, D. C. The mother of Mrs. 
Witt, now deceased, was Amanda M., daughter of Geo. Sterret Ridgely 
Morgan, of Georgetown. A son was born to Mr. and Mrs. Witt, Sep- 
tember 28, 1874, Clarence Morton, who lived but two years. In 1878 
Mr. Witt returned to Lynchburg, and in July entered into a partner- 
ship with George P. Watkins, forming the house of Witt & Watkins, 
the pioneer wholesale boot and shoe house of Lynchburg. 

His father David, son of David Witt, sr. and Jane (Fitzpatrick) was 
born in Nelson county, still a resident there, went into the artillery ser- 
vice. Confederate States Army, in 1861, serving first in Capt. Lamkin's 
company stationed at Charleston, South Carolina, and was in several 
engagements there; later in Capt. Henry Rives' company, taking part 
in many engagements around Richmond. The mother of Mr. Witt was 
bom in Nelson county, where she still resides. Brought up by Christian 
parents, she has ever exemplified in her life an humble Christian charac- 
ter, and has endeavored thus to sow the seed of virtue in rearing her 
own children, and with heriiusband will leave their children an inherit- 
ance of moral worth, more to be desired than refined gold. She was 
the daughter of George Jones, who was born May 14, 1791, and died 
May 25, 188;J, and the granddaughter ofTapt. Charles G. Jones, who 
served faithfully seven years under Gen. Washington in the Revolution- 
ary war. George Jones married Sally Pendleton, bom in Amherst 
county, the daughter of Richard Pendleton, who settled in Amherst 
from ( -ulpeper county, and whose forefathers came from Scotland to 
Eastern Virginia. Sallie Pendleton's mother; who was Miss Mary Tins- 
ley, was proud to boa«t of wearing a wedding gown spun from silk with 
her own hands. The father of Capt. Jones was Hezekiah Jones, who 
came from Spotsylvania county, and whose ancestors were of that 
sturdy Welch stock that ever gimrded with jealous hand the principles 
of honesty and integrity that characterized their race. 



Son of Samuel G. and Amanda (Gish) Wood, of Roanoke county, was 
bom in that county on April 24, 1847. He is the grandson of Rev. 
Stephen Wood, who wa« a distinguished citizen of Franklin county, 
Virginia, where he served for many years in the offices of magistrate 
and high sheriff. Although only eighteen years of age when the war 
between the States wa« ended, the subject of this sketch had then seen 
one year's service, in Gritfin's battery, Hardaney's battalion, 2d corps, 
Army of Northern Virginia. His parents still live in Roanoke county, 
his father now 70 years of age, his mother aged 63 years. In 1 873 he came 
to Lynchburg, and was first engaged as book-keeper for a grocery firm. 
For the past twelve years he has been connected with the People's 
National Bank, for which he is teller. In Lynchburg, November 20, 
1878, Rev. A. C. Bledsoe officiating, he married Emma, daughter of 
Robert and Mariah L. (Thurman) Mays. She was bom in Lynchburg, 
March 8, 1853. Her father died on October 19, 1884, aged 69 years ; her 
mother is still living in Lynchburg at the age of 70 years. The record 
of the children of Mr. and Mrs. Wood is : Stephen Hervey, born Octo- 
ber 28, 1879; Mariah Louisa, born February 7, 1881, died March 8th 
following; Robert Gilbert, born September 30, 1882; Alice Latham, 
bom September 10, 1886. 



Was born at Brooklyn, Halifax county, Virginia, on January 30, 
1847. He is the son of W. W. Amett, a Virginian by birth, now a 
resident of Saline county, Missouri, and Martha A. Strickland, now- 
deceased. He had an elder brother in the Confederate States Army, 
W. W. Arnett., jr. The first wife of Mr. Arnett was Sallie A. Hati'hett, 
who died on July 25, 1880, leaving him one son, Willie P., born 
December 14, 1872. He married secondly' Miss M. H. Dixon, of Pittsyl- 
vania county, their marriage solemnized December 6, 1881. Their 
children are two sons: Eugene W\ and Alvah H. Mr. Arnett received 
a common school education in his native county, and came to Dan- 
ville where he began business at the age of 22 years, in 1869, jis leaf 
tobacco dealer. From 1876 to 1886 he was connei'ted with the firms 
of Amett & Wemple, and Amett, Wemple & Ellyson. On January 1 , 


1886, the firm as last named was dissolved, and Mr. Arnett entered 
into his present copartnership relation, in the firm of Amett, Snellings 
& Co., proprietors of the Martha Washington Tobacco Works, High 
street, Danville. The facilities of the firm, and their volume of busi- 
ness, are second to no similar house in the United States. For the 
ptust five years Mr. Arnett has l)een a member of the city council of 


As the name indicates, the subject of this sketch is a descendant of 
one of the Huguenot families who escaped from religious persecution in 
France by emigration to America, and founded a line in Virginia. His 
father, also named Charles A. Ballon, was born in Cumberland county, 
Virginia, and his mother, Rebecca A. Medley, was bom in Halifax 
county, this State. Both are now deceased, the father's death occurring 
in 1865, in his 73d year. The subject of this sketch was bom in HaH- 
fax county, December 4, 1883. He has been twice married and has six 
children living. His first marriage was solemnized at McMinnville, 
Tennessee, where on February 2, 1859, Mary G. Tate of Roanoke 
county, Virginia, became his wife. She die<l in 1866, leaving him two 
daught-ers, Kate P. and Mary G. He married 8e<»ondly Annie P. Talley 
of Clarksville, Virginia, who died in January, 1885. Their children 
were: Natilie, Charles A., jr., James E. and N. Talley, and two daugh- 
ters now dead, Sallie T. and Alice R. 

James E. Ballou, brother of Charles A., serving in the Confederate 
States Army, was killed at Balls Bluff. Charles A. was in service, 1864- 
5, in the quartermaster's department. His early school years were 
passed in Halifax county, and his education completed at the Washing- 
ton and Lee University. In 1856 he accepted position as civil engineer 
on the M. C. & T. R. R., and except for the time he was in military 
service he followed this profession on various railroads until he made 
his home in Danville, in 1873. Since that time he ha43 been city civil 
engineer, and is still serving in that capacity. He has also ably filled 
other city offices: Superintendent of water works, superintendent of 
electric lights, superintendent of gas works, etc. 


Was bom at *'Auburn," in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia. 
His father is Landon C. Berkeley, born in Hanover county, Virginia, 
November, 1818, represented the counties of Westmoreland and Rich- 
mond in the Virginia legislature some years, served a43 lieutenant in the 
15th Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., now living in Hanover county. Lewis 


Berkeley, of "MonTont/* Hanover county, was the grandfather of 
Landon Carter. His mother was Miss Sarah A. Campbell, born at 
"Kimon,*' W^tmoreland county, June 24, 1820, died at "MonTont,'' 
November 21, 1885. She was the daughter of John Campbell, a son of 
Rev. Archibald Campbell, of Scotland. At Fork Church, Hanover 
county, Virginia, September 8, 1880, Rev. R. R. Claiborne officiating, 
Landon Carter Berkeley, jr., wedded Annie Poe Harrison, who was bom 
at ** Dewberry,'* Hanover county, September 9th, 1856. They have two 
children, Harrison Campbell and Annie Churchill. Mrs. Berkeley is the 
daughter of John Poe Harrison, who held commissions of captain and 
colonel in the Confederate States Armv, and died in service in the fall of 
1861. Her mother, Nanny, daughter of Rev. John Cook of << Dew- 
berry," Hanover county, lives now in Danville. 

After completing his school course, the subject of this sketch was four 
years a teacher in the Episcopal High School, near Alexandria, Virginia. 
He studied law privately, and in the summer law school of the Univer- 
sity of Virginia in 1874, and commenced the practice of law at Danville, 
in 1876, wliere he has resided and continued in practice ever since. 
John L. Berkeley, a soldier of the late war and a member of the 
Hanover Artillery, brother of Mr. Berkeley, was wounded in battle of 
Cold Harbor, gunshot wound in right hip, June 3d, 1864. He is now 
principal of the Danville white free school. 


Son of James W. Bouldin, of Charlotte county, Virginia, and Almeria 
(Read) Bouldin, was bom in Charlotte county, on March 31, 1838. 
Both parents are now deceased. The father will be remembered as 
having served several terms in Congress, representative from the 
Charlotte District. The mother was the daughter of Rev. Clement R. 
Read. After pursuing the academic course of study in the University 
of Virginia, Edwin E. studied law under Greorge W. Read, Esq., 1857- 
8, then went to Texas, and practiced at Goliad from 1859 till the 
opening of the war. Hastening back to Virginia, to offer his services 
to his native State, he entered the Confederate Army in April, 1861, 
in Company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry, known as the ** Charlotte Cav- 
alry." In September, 1861, he was commissioned first lieutenant of 
this company, and in the spring of 1862 elected captain of same. He 
was slightly wounded in battle of Gettysburg, on which immortal field 
he commanded his regiment, and was soon after very seriously 
wounded at the crossing of the Potomac, near Hagerstown. He was 
captured in battle of Moorfleld, 1864, and held at Camp Chase, 
Ohio, eight months. Exchanged in 1865, he rejoined his regiment, 


which he commanded from Five Forks until ite surrender at FarmviUe, 
Virginia. Since the war, he has lived in DanviDe, where he is still 
engaged in the practice of his profession, as attorney and counselor 
at law. At Charlotte, Virginia, on February 9, 1871, he married 
Lucy L. Edmunds of Charlotte, and their children are seven : James W., 
Bessie E., Joseph N., Almeria K., Lucy L., Fannie H. and Hattie. 


The illustrious Cabell family was among the earliest seated in the 
colony of Virginia, and the name has ever maintained its rank among 
the first families of the Commonwealth. The descent of the subject of 
this sketch is thus traced: William Cabell settled in Buckingham 
county, where he was succeeded by his son Joseph, and he by Joseph 
who was the father of Benjamin W. S. Cabell, father of George C. 
Benjamin W. S. Cabell, bom in Buckingham county, died in Danville 
in March, 1862, was an officer of the war of 1812, and afterwards 
attained the rank of major general of State troops. He served from 
fifteen to twenty years in the Senate and House of Delegates of Virginia, 
and was a member of the famous Convention of Virginia of 1829—30. 
The mother of Colonel Cabell, Sallie E. Dosewell of Nottoway county, 
Virginia, died in Danville, in August, 1874. 

In Brunswick county, Virginia, October 25, 1860, Colonel Cabell 
married Mary H. Baird of that county, Rev. Geo. Wm. White officiating 
clergyman. Their children are: Sallie D., now Mrs. L. H. Lewis; Annie 
A., now Mrs. G. S. Wooding; Benjamin W\ S.; George C. jr., and 
Powhatan A. Mrs. Cabell is the daughter of Henry R. Baird, who was 
reared in Person county, North Carolina, and died a resident of Bruns- 
wick county, Virginia, in April, 1887. Her mother, Ann P. Atkinson, 
born in Halifax county, Virginia, died in Danville, in 1862. 

George C. Cabell was born in Danville, January 25, 1837, and ha« 
lived in or near Danville all his life, living now within fifty yards of the 
spot where he was born. His academic education was received in Dan- 
ville, after which he took the law course in the University of Virginia. 
He commenced practice in Danville in 1858, and was attorney for the 
Commonwealth for the town of Danville four years; representative in 
Congress twelve years. His rank was won by gallant service in the 
Confederate States Army. He went into the war on April 27, 1861, 
and served till its close, receiving successive promotions from private 
to captain, major, colonel. He had five brothers, all in service, and 
commissioned officers, captains, colonels and one major-general. Two 
of these gave their life to the cause : Col*. Jos. R. Cabell, killed at Drurys 
Bluff; Lieut. Benj. E. Cabell, died in service. Colonel Cabell is still 
engaged in practice in Danville. 



The name of Cabell is one of frequent mention in the pages of Virginia 
and Virginians, many of the name having been closely associated with 
the history of the Commonwealth. The subject of this sketch was born 
in Danville, and is the son of Benjamin W. S. Cabell, who was bom in 
Buckingham county, Virginia, and who died in 1862, aged 69 years. 
Dr. Cabell's mother was Sarah E. Dosewell, bom in Nottoway county, 
Virginia, died in 1874. In early youth Dr. Cabell attended the schools 
in Danville, after which he took the course of the Virginia Military 
Institute, whence he was graduated in 1845. He taught school in 
Pittsylvania county two years, then studied medicine under Dr. W. G. 
Craighead of Danville and completed his studies for practice of medicine 
at the Virginia University, where he graduated with honors. He was 
in practice for about thirty years at Callands, Pittsylvania county, but 
in 1886 returned to Danville, and went into the tobacco warehouse 
business, under the firm name and style of Cabell & Coleman, proprie- 
tors of the Cabell Warehouse, dealers in leaf tobacco. He entered the 
Confederate States Army in April, 1861, and served with rank of cap- 
tain. Company B, 38th Virginia Infantry, imtil January, 1863, when 
he resigned. In 1849, he married Martha C. Wilson of Pittsylvania 
county, who died in 1858. Secondly he married Catherine F. Witcher. 
He has four children : LiUy, W. C, N.W. and Mary. 



Was bom in Halifax county, Virginia, on March 25, 1851, and was 
educated in the schools of that county, beginning his business life in 
1873. He is the son of Captain Jeduthan Carter, born in Pittsylvania 
county sixty-seven years ago, and who commanded Company F, of the 
38th Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., during the late war. His mother, 
whose maiden name was Ann Hubbard, died on June 8, 1874. His 
wife was Maggie A., daughter of Frank and Annie E. (Watson) Redd, 
of Prince Edward county, Virg^inia. They were married in Danville, 
December 3, 1879, and have now three sons: Warner P., J. Epps, and 
John W., jr. In 1873 Mr. Carter clerked for W. P. Robinson, of Dan- 
ville; from 1874 to 1878 was with John F. Rison & Co., Danville; then 
went into business with W. P. Hodnet, style of firm Hodnet & Carter; 
from 1880 to 1885 wa« in business alone; and in the last-named year 
organized the first wholesale grocery house in Danville, which he still 
continues, under the firm style of John W. Carter & Co., wholesale 
grocers, and jobbers of manufactured tobacco and cigars, 304 Main 
street. Mr. Carter is also connected with S. P. Wimbish & Co., brokers 
and commission merchants. 



Was bom at Barboursville, Orange county, Virginia, on September 22, 
1849. His parents were Virginians. J. M. Conrad, his father, bom in 
Rockingham county, died August 23, 1881, at age of sixty-six 
years. His mother, whose maiden name wa« Sarah C. Sneed, was bom 
in Albemarle county, and died January 9, 1877, aged fifty-two years. 
William Conrad, his brother, was four years in service, Otey's Battery, 
C. S. A. The subject of this sketch, although then but a lad, had also 
his war experience. He was taken a prisoner, at age of fourteen 
years, at Chester Station, Virginia, on May 9, 1864, by Gen. Benj. F. 
Butler, and after a thorough march through that general's army was 
held by him three months at Fortress Monroe, then regularly 
exchanged as a prisoner of war. Mr. Conrad in reviewing this experi- 
ence says that General Butler was particularly kind to him, supplying 
his every want, and offering to adopt and educate him, if he would 
consent. An occasional correspondence between the two was kept up, 
after the war, and they met at the Democratic National Convention, 
held in Chicago in 1884, where thei'e was a mutual recognition and 
conversation concerning their war experiences. 

Mr. Conrad received a common school education in the city of Rich- 
mond. At the age of twenty -one years he began business in Danville, 
a« a leaf tobacco dealer, in which he still continues, senior member of 
the firm of Chas. H. Conrad & Co. In December, 1886, he bought Mr. 
A. Y. Stokes' interest in the banking business of W. S. Patton, Sons & 
Co., which he still holds, the business still conducted under the same 
firm name. At Danville, Noveml)er 8, 1876, Rev. G. W. Dame officiatr- 
ing, he married Mary Parker Holland, daughter of John W. Holland, 
now of Danville, born in PVanklin county, Virginia. Her mother, who 
was Mary L. Rosser, born in Culpeper county, Virginia, died February 
18, 1887^^ Louise, bora August 11, 1877, died July 16, 1878, was the 
first of the children of Mr. and Mrs. Conrad. They have four 
daughters: Lucile, Lizzie, Grace and Myrtle, and one son, Holland. 
Mr. Conrad is one of the councilmen of the city of Danville at the pn^e- 
ent time. 


Son of C. M. and Ann (Mattox) Cosby, was born in Danville, on July 14, 
1849. His father die<l in 1861, his mother in 1864. At Danville, Vir- 
ginia, January 19, 1887, he married Mary Smith Wilson, and on 
December 17, 1888, their son, John Hamilton, jr., was born. At the age 
of eighteen years, Mr. Cosby embarked in the tobacco trade in his native 
place. For seven years following he held responsible positions in two 


of the principal factories of the city. In 1875 he commenced business 
for himself, entering into partnership with F. X. Burton, style of firm 
Burton & Cosby. This partnership was dissolved in 1880, when Mr. 
Cosby took into partnership with himself his brother Charles M., the 
style of the firm being J. H. Cosby & Bro. They at once erected a 
large factory, fitted up with all modern appliances, and in which they 
now employ an average of two hundred hands. Their plug, twist and 
coil tobaccos sell readily in all the principal markets of the country, 
and their attention to business and efficient management of the same 
promise them an ever increasing trade. 


The paternal ancestry of Mr. Dabney is thus traced : He is the son of 
Rev. John Blair Dabney, for many years attorney-at-law and common- 
wealth attorney for Campbell county, Virginia, born in Hanover 
county, Virginia, in 1794, died in Campbell county, at Vancluse, April 
23, 1868, who was a son of Judge John Dabney, who was born in Han- 
over county, and died at Vancluse in 1816, at age of forty-six years. 
Judge Dabney was a son of George Dabney, of Hanover county, born in 
that county in 1740, died there in 1824. George Dabney was a son of 
Col. William Dabney, who was born in 1714, and diet! just before the 
American revolution of 1 776. The founder of the family in Virginia 
was Cornelius Dabney, who emigrated from England to Virginia soon 
after the establishment of the colony. The mother of Chiswell Dabney, 
whose maiden name was Elizabeth Jjewis Towles, was born on Christmas 
Day, 1801, and lived to be nearly eighty-three years of age. Her father 
was Major Oliver Towles, son of Colonel Oliver Towles, a lieutenant- 
colonel of Continental infantry in the Revolutionary war. Her mother 
was Agatha Lewis, daughter of William Lewis, who commanded a 
company in the Virginia Contingent at Braddock's defeat, and who 
was a brother of General Andrew Lewis, who commanded at Point 

Chiswell Dabney was bom in Campbell county, at Vancluse, on July 
25, 1844, and was married at Beaver Dam, Hanover county, Virginia, 
April 3, 1873, by the Rev. W. A. Alrich of the Episcopal Church, to 
Lucy D. Fontaine, who was bom at Beaver Dam, on May 29, 1845. 
Their children are six in number, viz: John C, bom July 11, 1874; 
Chiswell, jr., July 15, 1876; Louisa D., August 20, 1879; Lucy Fon- 
taine, October 31, 1881; Edmund F., Febmary 28, 1884; Elizabeth 
Towles, February 4, 1887. Mrs. Dabney is lineally descended from 
Jacques de la Fontaine, an officer hi the artillery of Francis I. of 
France. He was born in 1500, and became a Huguenot. Her father was 


Colonel Edmund Fontaine of Hanover, for many yeare president of the 
Virginia Central Railroad, and his descent from Jacques de la Fontaine 
is preserved in book form in the family from 1500 until now. Her 
mother was Louisa Shac^kelford, of a family honorably identified with 
Virginia's annals. Her parents are no longer living. 

Mr. Dabney was in the Confederate States Army from October, 1861, 
till the close of the war. He was commissioned first lieutenant and A. 
D. C. to General J. E. B. Stuart, on December 20, 1861, and held that 
position until, in the fall of 1863 when he was promote captain of cav- 
alry and A. A. and I. G. and assigned to duty by the secretary of war 
with Gordon's North Carolina Cavalry Brigade, afterwards Barring- 
ton's brigade; and served with it until April, 1865. His brother, John 
Dabney, was a private in the 28th regiment of Virginia Infantry, and 
another brother, Charles E., was first lieutenant of cavalry, in the com- 
pany which entered service from Pittsylvania county. Chiswell Dabney 
is an attorney-at-law, has been justice of the peace since 1885, and cxjm- 
missioner in chancery of the circuit court of Pittsylvania county since 
1 871 , and is still worthily filling these offices. 


Dr. Douglass, as the name sufficiently indicates, is by the paternal 
line of Si^otch descent. His mother's ancestors came to America, from 
Ireland. He was born at Liberty, Maine, on August 15, 1847, a son 
of Samuel A. and Mary A. (Hamilton) Douglass, now living in Hudson, 
Massachusetts. His father was born in Belfast, Maine, May 21, 1824, 
and his mother was born at Albion, Maine, May 21, 1823. His pater- 
nal grandfather and great grandfather, both bom in Maine, were killed 
at the same time by a fall from the roof of a barn, the one at the age of 
seventy-six years, the other fifty-one years of age. This great grand- 
father was the son of Robert Douglass, of Scotland, who, for taking up 
the cause of King Charles, had his property confiscated and was ban- 
ished from the country. The mother of Dr. Douglass was the daughter 
of Cyrus Hamilton, who was bom in New Hampshire, and who, with two 
sons, was drowned. Her father's father was Patrick Hamilton, who 
came to New England fr^m Ireland. 

Dr. Douglass attended the common schools of Liberty, Maine, and 
later taught school and pursued other avocations until September, 
1878, when he entered the Medical School at Cleveland, Ohio. Aft«r a 
year's course there, he went to the Homeopathic Medical College, at 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, whence he was graduated second in his 
class, on March 10, 1880. The day following his graduation he arrived 
in Danville, where he has ever since been in practice with good success. 


Since October, 1886, he has been State Medical Examiner; he is vice- 
president of the Hahnemann Medical Society of Virginia, is a Mason, 
Odd Fellow, and Chief Templar of the Lo(lge of Good Templars. Dr. 
Douglass married Ora Harriman, of Montville, Maine, daughter of 
Riley and Nancy (French) Hamman. Her father died in 1869, aged 
fifty-seven; her mother died in 1872, aged forty-six years. This mar- 
riage was solemnized at Liberty, Maine, by Rev. Ebenezer Knowlton, 
on September 30, 1871. Dr. and Mrs. Douglass have one son, Frank 
E. A daughter, bom Mav 22, 1884, named Ethel Mav, died March 
20, 1886. 


Was born in Richmond, Virginia, on September 19, 1855. He is the 
son of R. H. and Mary Lee (Jones) Dibrell, still honored residents of 
Richmond. His father was born in Nashville, Tennessee, and his 
mother was bom at New Store, Buckingham county, Virginia. At 
Boonville, Missouri, June 17, 1884 he married Ida Nelson, the marriage 
ceremony performed by Rev. William M. Rush, D.D., the step-father of 
the bride, since deceased. She was bom in Boonville, the daughter of 
Dr. George W. and Pauline Nelson, her father a Virginian, bom in 
Culpeper county. Her mother's home is stiU in Boonville. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dibrell have one son, whom they have named Louis Nelson. Mr. 
Dibrell is associated in business with an elder brother, Alfonso Dibrell, 
under the firm name and style of Dibrell Brothers, leaf tobacco brokers. 
They established themselves in business in Danville in 1873, bringing 
to the business practical knowledge, their father having been for many 
years one of the most active promoters of the Virginia tobacco 
interests. They have a large, well conducted and profitable business 
in this, their main house, are also partners in the firm of Dibrell Bros. 
& Co., Durham, North Carolina, and represent many manufacturers 
and exporters. 


The father of Hughes Dillard was Oen. John Dillard, of Henry 
county, Virginia. His mother was Matilda Hughes. Both are now 
decease*!. His paternal grandfather was Col. John Dillard of Revolu- 
tionary fame, who was wounded in the battle of Guilford Court-House, 
and who was a son, or a grandson, of James Dillard, who came from 
England to the colony of Virginia at a very early date, and located 
first in the tide-water country. The tradition preserved in the family 
assigns to this James Dillard the profession of barrister. He or one 
of his sons located lands in Nelson, Albemarle and Amherst counties, 
upon grant from George IlL Several of his soils served with distinc- 


tion in the (continental Army, war of the Revolution, and all were 

Hughes Dillard was bom in Henry county, Virginia, on March 17, 
1817. In that county, December 17, 1840, he married Martha A. 
Dillard, who was born in Rockingham county, North Carolina, in 
1822. Her father was Col. Peter H. Dillard, of Henry county, Virginia, 
and a brother of (Jen. John Dillard. Her mother was a daughter of 
the late Major John Rudd, who was a Revolutionary soldier. The 
record of the children of Hughes Dillard is: i. John L. Dillard, in the 
late war in service with the Lexington cadets, followed the profession 
of law, was prosecuting attorney for Henry county, and electa judge 
of Henry county court at age of twenty-three years; died in Florida, 
at tige of 27 years, ii. Peter H. Dillard, attomey-at-law, now prose- 
cuting attorney for the Commonwealth, Franklin county, Virginia, 
iii. Hettie, now the wife of Daniel Arrington, of Danville, Virginia, iv. 
Mattie H., now the wife of WilHam W. Chamberlain, of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia. V. Patty R., now the wife of William Penn, of Botetourt 
county, Virginia, vi. Lucie D., now the wife of L F. Wingfleld, of 
Bedford county, Virginia, vii. Hughes Dillard, jr., attorney-at-law, 
Chatham. Mr. Dillard lost several near relatives in the late war, some 
of whom were killed ; others died in service. For many years he fol- 
lowed the profession of law, and will ever lie remembered as one of the 
prominent men of his day. He was for a time a member of the legisla- 
ture of Virginia, and was also an elector on the Pierce-Butler and 
Buchanan-Breckenridge tickets. 


The subject of this sketch was born May 31, 1832, in Halifax county, 
Virginia, where his father and mother were born, and where they 
were honored i-esidents through life. His father, Bird L. Ferrell, bom 
in 1798, died in 1871. His mother, Ann D. Reeves, born in 1797, died 
in 1872. His brother, Edwin R., who was a soldier in the Confederate 
States Army, died in 1885. Peter W. attended schools in Halifax coun- 
ty, and finished his studies at Richmond College. In 1856 and 1857 he 
taught school in Halifax county; in 1858 removed to Danville, and 
began business as a tobacco manufacturer, firm of Sutherlin & Ferrell. 
In 1865 this firm dissolved, and Mr. Ferrell continued business alone, 
as a leaf tobacco dealer, until 1878 when he entered into a partnership 
business again, firm of Ferrell & Flinn. In the fall of 1885 he again 
l)egnn business for himself, leaf tobacco broker, place of business comer 
of Craghead and Loyal streets. For eight vears, 1871-9, Mr. FerreU 
was president of the DanviUe Tobacco Association. In Danville, March 


24, 1862, Rev. C. C. Chaplin officiating, he married Lucy C. Neal, of 
Danville. They have three children : Lena M., Thoman N. and Rosa A., 
and have buried two daughters : Nannie R. and Loula F. Mrs. Ferrell 
is the daughter of Thomas D. and Louisa F. (('arter) Neal. Her father, 
bom in Pittsylvania county, died in 1884, aged seventy-two years; her 
mother, bom in Halifax county, is now living in Richmond, Virginia. 


Thomas Benton, son of A. B. and Theodosia (Lipscomb) Fitzgerald, 
was bom in Halifax county, Virginia, on April 23, 1840. His father 
was born in Pittsylvania county, and died in March, 1882, aged 
seventy-four years. His mother died on April 14, 1846, aged thirty- 
two years. At Swansonville, Pittsylvania county, February 12, 18(57, 
Mr. Fitzgerald married Martha J., daughter of B. J. and Lucy J. 
(Anderson) Hall, of Pittsylvania county. Her father died in 1879, 
aged fifty-six years; her mother died in 1886. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Fitzgerald were born in the order named : Theo. L., Thomas J., 
Harry R., Lizzie A., Lucy Lee (deceased), Fannie, Katie, Alfred B., 
Archie P. (deceased), Emma L. (deceased). Mr. Fitzgerald entered the 
Confe<lerate States Army in April, 1861, and served in Company A, 
38th Virginia Infantry. In 1865 he made his home in Danville, where 
he has since resided, and began business as contractor and builder, in 
which he continued until 1887. He has been president of the Riverside 
Cotton Mills at Danville since they went into operation, Jime 1, 1882, 
and is still a large owner in the same. Under his efficient management, 
this enterprise has proved a financial success and the goods produced 
are now shipped to all important points in the United States. Mr. 
Fitzgerald has served as town councilman. 


The subject of this sketch is a native of Henry county, Virginia, bom 
April 29, 1840. His parents were born in the same county, Lewis 
Gravely, born 1794, died 1884, and Martha (Dyer) Gravely, born 1800, 
died 1878. At Martinsville, Henry county, April 6, 1866, he married 
Sallie H., daughter of Overton R. and Sallie C. (Martin) Dillard, both 
now decea«e<l. She was bom in Henry county, April 9, 1845, and died 
at her husband's home in Danville on December 3, 1883. The children 
of Mr. Gravely are six : Sallie M., Martha D., Frank, Annie D., James 
B. and Lewis O. He ha« buried one son and one daughter, both of 
whom died in infancy. Mr. Gravely entered the Confederate States 
Army in April, 1861, serving in the '* Danville Greys,'' which became 


('oiiipjiny B, iHth Virginia ivjriinent. He participated in the battle of 
lii*8t MaiuuMaH, and waHin tlie battle of Gaines Mills, June 27, 1862, where 
he ret»eived a severe gunshot wound through the- left hip, disabling him 
for field service. As soon as able for light duty thereafter he was made 
enrolling officer, and so served till close of the war. After that he 
clerked for a time for \Vm. Robinson, Danville, and in 1872 went into 
business for himself in which he has since continued. The present name 
and style of firm is: Frank B. Gravely & Co., dealers in groceries, hay, 
fertilizers, etc., 228 Main street, Danville. Mr. Gravely was ten years, 
1872-1882, a member of the city council, and for the past four years 
he has been chairman of trustees of the public schools of Danville. 


Eldest son of Willis Gravely, sr., formerly of Henry county, Virginia, 
now deceased, was bom in that county on May 15, 1835. His father 
died in August, 1886, aged eighty-six years. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Ann M. Barrow, died in December, 1886, aged 
seventy-four years. He married at Danville, October 24, 1871, Mary 
F., daughter of Alexander Walters, formerly of Pittsylvania county, 
now deceased. They had five children: Kat^ W\, Peyton, James G., 
Nannie D. and Mary V. Captain Peyton entered service for the late 
war on April 9, 1861 , sergeant in the Danville Artillery. At the reor- 
ganization of the company, in December, 1862, he was elected captain, 
the company becoming Company F, 42d Virginia Infantry, C. S. A. 
He served through the entire war, under General "Stonewall" Jackson, 
till that loved leader fell, and under thegenerals who succeeded him until 
the surrender at Appomattox C. H. He was four times wounded in 
service : At Greenbriar River in 1861 ; at Fishers Hill ; at Gettysburg, 
and at the W^ilderness, the last-named a severe wound through the 
right shoulder. His home had been in Henry county until he took the 
field, and he had been magistrate at Leatherwood, Henry county, 
before the war. Returning there, he engaged in the tobacco business, 
in which his father had wide reputation as manufacturer of the original 
** Gravely" brand, which he established in 1831. He continued in 
business there until 1870, when he removed to Danville, where he has 
since continued the same business, under the firm name and stvle of 
<*P. B. Gravely & Co." The tobacco used by this firm is the Henry 
County fine cured, and their brands command a wide market, the 
** Peyton Gravely," *' Honey Dew," "J. G. Gravely Fine pounds," and 
" Kate Gravely Fine 9 inch" being some of their leading brands. 



Wesley Griggs, father of George K., was born Id Henry county, 
Virginia, in 1H08, and is still an honored resident of the county, living 
near Dyers Store. His wife, mother of George K., was Susan W. King, 
born in Henry county in 1824, died at their home in 1879. The subject 
of tliis sketch wa« born in Henry county, September 12, 1839. At 
Cfiscade, Pittsylvania county, Virginia, in April, 1861, he married 
Sallie B. Boyd, and their cliildren are: W. E., Albert B., J. Henry, A. 
W., Anna B., Ernest L. and Lizzie, all living now in Danville. The 
parents of Mrs. Griggs were Virginians, born in Halifax county, died in 
Pittsylvania county, nearCasca<le. Her father, H. A. Boyd, was born in 
1807, and died in 1886; her mother, Amanda Hannings, born in 1808, 
died in 1888. 

Colonel Griggs attended school in Henry county in youth, and the 
Virginia Military Institute, in 1857-8. He entere<l the Confederate 
States Army in 1861, on the organization of the 38th Virginia Infantry 
regiment, commissioned captain of ('ompany K, that regiment. Exc*ept 
when incapacitated by wounds, lie was in continuous service till the 
close of the war, promoted successively major, lieutenant-<*olonel, 
colonel. From May, 1864, he was in command of the regiment, and at 
the surrender, Appomattox C. H., was in command of tlie brigade. He 
was twice severely wounded, at Gettysburg and at Drurys Bluff, and 
took part in many battles, including Seven Pines. Since making his 
residence in Pittsylvania county. Colonel Griggs has held a number of 
county and township offices. In 1878 he removed to Danville, and 
engaged in the warehouse business. In 1881 he wajs appointe<l seci-e- 
tary and treasurer of the Danville & New River Railroad Company, and 
ill 1885 was made secretary, treasurer and superintendent of the 
company, offices he is still ably filling. 


Is of descent from families frequently mentioned in preceding pages of 
Virginia and Virginians, as associated with gi*eat events in the history 
of the colony and the commonwealth of Virginia. He was born at " The 
Wigwam,'* Amelia county, Virginia, on October 29, 1852. His father, 
William Henry Harrison, born at '* The Oaks,'' Amelia county. May 
10, 1810, died December 23, 1881, was the founder of the Amelia 
Academy, the first University School of Virginia. Edmund Harrison, 
of "The Oaks," father of Wm. Henry, was tlie son of Nathaniel 
Harrison, who was bom at Berkeley, Charles City county. Benjamin 
Harrison of Berkeley, who married Anne, eldest daughter of "King" 



Carter, waH the paternal great, great grandfather of the subject of this 

Janien P. was etlueated by his father until 1868, and then attended 
the Kichuiond College for one session. In 1870 he entered the Univer- 
sity of Virginia, and in 1874 took the degree of Master of Arts from 
that i-enowned institution. After teaching school for two sessions he 
returned to the Univereity, and in 1876-7 took the law course. He 
began the practice of law in Danville on September 1st, 1877, in which 
he still continues, a member of the firm of Berkeley & Harrison. On 
February 18, 1879, at the University of Virginia, Rev. Dr. L. T. 
Hanckel officiating, Mr. Harrison married Mary Jane, daughter of 
Prof. John Staige Davis, and granddaughter of Prof. John A. G. Davis, 
both of the University. Her mother was Lucy Laudon Blackford. 
Mrs. Harrison died, leaving lier husband one daughter, Lucy Landon 
Harrison, and one son, Donald Skipwirth Harrison. In the war 
between the States Mr. Harrison's immediate family was representee! by 
Prof. Edmund Harrison of Richmond College and John Hartwell Harri- 
son of *<The Wigwam," Amelia county. 


Was bom in Pittsylvania county. May 14, 1854, the son of Dr. John 
M. Hutchings, who w^as born in this county, and was an honored resi- 
dent of Virginia through life, dying April 5, 1887, aged sixty-two years. 
Dr. Hutchings serveil in the late war as surgeon in Virginia Infantry, 
C. S. A. The mother of Mr. Hutchings was Celestia A. Carter, who die<l 
in I85f>, aged twenty-two years. In Danville, May 5, 1880, Mr. Hutch- 
ings married Sue R. Doe, born in Danville, and they have two daughters : 
Lucy A. and Sue I). Mrs. Hutchings is the daughter of Thomas B.and 
Sarah A. (Ross) Doe. Her mother died on September 8, 1881. Her 
father, who wa« born in New Hampshire, died September 8, 1883. He 
was a brother of Judge Charles Doe, of the United Stiites Supreme 

In early youth, John R. Hutchings attended school at Chatham, Vir- 
ginia, after which he took the academic course at Blacksburg, Virginia. 
He began his business career as clerk for Lee & I^ytor, merchants of 
Lynchburg, with whom he remained three years; then was with Capt. 
William T. Clark of Danville one year. From 1876 to 1882 he was 
with the firm of Hut<^hings, Tliomas & Co., warehouse business, Dan- 
ville; 1882-3 was in warehouse business at Durham, North Carolina, 
then returned to Danville. With his father, he established the firm of 
John M. Hutchings & Son, which was continued until the father's death, 
in 1887. The firm is now John R. Hutchings & (^o., proprietors of the 


" Star Warehouse," for the sale of leaf tobacco. Mr. Hutchings was 
captain of the Danville Greys, 1886-7, but resigned after a year's ser- 


Was born in Bedford county, Virginia, on November 19, 1845. He is 
descended from families early settled in Virginia, the son of William W. 
Jopling, born October 27, 1815, still living, son of James Jopling, 
whose parents came to Virginia from England in colonial days. In 
1841 William W. Jopling married Julia Ann, the daughter of Rufus 
Thomas, whose parents came to Virginia from Scotland. She was born 
in 1821, and died August 3, 1856. The subject of this sketch was 
raised on his father*8 estate, where he was born, north of Liberty, Bed- 
ford county, and educated in the country schools of the neighborhood. 
On November 10, 1863, nine days before attaining his eighteenth birth- 
day, he entered the Confederate States Army, joining Capt. R. B. Clay- 
tor's company, B, 10th Battalion artillery, then stationetl on Marion 
Hill, at Battery No. 2, Richmond defences. During the winter of 1863-4 
the command saw no active service in the field, but was detailed to 
guard Federal prisoners at Belle Isle, Libby, and Barracks No. 2 in 
Richmond. The next spring was assigned to the ordnance department 
of the battalion, and so served till the close of the war. 

After the war Mr. Jopling remained on the home farm until Novem- 
ber 1, 1866, when he wa« appointed deputy sheriff under Col. John G. 
Casey, sheriff of Bedford county, in which capacity he served until 
September, 1868, when he resigned, and entered the wholesale and 
retail hardware house of Jones, Watts & Co., Lynchburg. He remained 
clerking for them until June, 1871, when a copartnership was formed 
with them under the style of Jones, Watts & Jopling, opening a hard- 
ware house at Salem, Virginia, Mr. Jopling managing partner. During 
his residence in Salem, Mr. Jopling served one term in the city council. 
In September, 1874, he moved to Danville, where he has since resided. 
In October, 1879, he bought out the interest of Messi's. Jones, Watts 
& Co., and has since continued the wholesale and i-etail hardware busi- 
ness in his own name. He is vice-president of the largest bank in Dan- 
ville, the Merchants; is trustee and steward in the Monnt Vernon M. E. 
Church of Danville, the present chun'h edifice largely the result of his 
contributions and individual efforts; is a director in the Danville 
Methodist College ; is a director in the Danville Sti^eet Car Company, 
with which he has been connected from its incorporation. 

On October 4, 1871, in Lynchburg, Rev. W. E. Edwards ofticiating, 
he married Mollie, daughter of Samuel and Margaret Phelps of Lynch- 
burg. Mrs. Jopling was born in Nelson county, Virginia, on November 



24, 1849. Her father died in LyDchburg, where her mother Btill remd^. 
Mr. and Mra. Jopling have one daughter, Mary Julia. 


Son of Henry H. Lumpkin, born in Geoi*gia, now decease*!, was bom 
in Pittsylvania county, April 5, 1852. His mother, now living with 
him, was born in Pittsylvania county, her maiden name Isabella (i. 
Wilson. Henry H. Lumpkin, elder brother of Nathaniel, was in the 
( 'onfeilerate States service with John Morgan, and was made a pris- 
oner on that general's daring invasion of Northern Stiites, and held 
eight months at ('amp Chase and Johnson's Island. At Staunton, 
Virginia, September 30, 1878, N. W. Lumpkin married Alice Hawkinn, 
who was born in Alabama, and their children are three sons and two 
daughters: George H., Nathaniel W., jr., Allen S., Bessie V. and Alice 
A. Mrs. Lumpkin is the daughter of Richard Hawkins, now deceased, 
and Elizabeth (Black) Hawkins, now living at Staunton. Mr. Lump- 
kin is the propnetor of the Lumpkin's Transfer Line Livery Stable, at 
the comer of Pat ton and Lynn streets, Danville, a business which, from 
its founding on a very small scale in 1879, has grown to cover practi- 
cally tlie entire transfer and livery business of Danville. 


In tracing the ancestry of present residents of Danville it is pleasant 
to come upon names as familiar to the Virginian, as the name of the 
loved Conmionwealth itself. Nathaniel Hardin Massie w-as born at 
Charlottsville, Virginia, October 9, 1861. He is a son of N. H. Massie, 
lawyer and banker, eldest son of Nathaniel Massie of Albemarle 
county, born on the border of Albemarle and Nelson counties, in 
November, 1824, nmny years an honored resident of (.'harlottsville. 
and died there in October, 1880. His first ancestor in this country was 
Thomas Massie, who, in 1690, at the age of six years, came over with 
his father from Cliester, England, where one branch of the family still 
resides. Thos. Massie died in 1790, at the advanced age of 106 

N. H. Massie was in the Confederate States service for a time, on the 
staff of General Beauregard, but was retired on account of defective 
eyesight. At the outbreak of the war, Nathaniel Massie had seven 
grown sons and two sons-in-law, who entered servi(*e. Both the latter 
were killed in service. One son, John L. Massie, captain in Rockbridge 
Battery, was killed on the field of battle; the rest, except the eldest, 
were disabled by wounds and exposui-e, and aU but three died either 
during the war, or soon after, from diseases contracted in service. 


The mother of Mr. Massie was Eliza Kinloch Nelson, daughter of 
Thomas Nelson of Clarke county, Virginia, a lineal descendant of 
Thomas Nelson, jr., signer of the Declaration of Independence on behalf of 
Virginia, of whom a sketch is given elsewhere in this volume. She was 
also lineally descended from Gov. Spotswood (see Volume I, Virginia 
ahd Virginians). 

Mr. Massie went to school from 1873 to 1875 to Major H. W. Jones, 
now of Hanover Academy; from 1875 to 1880 attended the Charlotts- 
ville high school; from 1880 to 1883 the University of Virginia; 
taught school from 1883 to 1885 at Brookville Academy, Maryland; 
came to Danville September 28, 1885, and entei*ed on the practice of 
law, in which he still continues. 


Son of John V. and Mary (Epps) Miller, wa« born in Farmville, Pnnce 
Edward county, Virginia, on September 22, 1839. His father, who 
was born near Richmond, Virginia, died April 27, 1876, aged sixty-four 
years. His mother still resides in Farmville. In June, 1861, he entered 
the Confederate States Army, as a private of Company E, 38th Virginia 
Infantry. In July, 1862, he was promoted sei^ond lieutenant. He was 
in every battle of his regiment except Seven Pines, and ending with 
Gettysburg. In that battle, when Pickett's Division was making its 
immortal charge up the heights, he fell, wounded through the right leg. 
He was made prisoner, and held for nine months, at Gettysburg, Bal- 
timore, Fort McHenry and Point Lookout, and from effects of wound 
suffered amputation of leg. 

After the war Mr. Miller was engaged in the saddlery and harness 
business in Farmville for eleven years. In 1876 he removed to Danville 
and engaged in business for other parties until 1885, in that year en- 
tered into the partnership in which he still continues, name and style of 
firm. New & Miller, buggies, wagons, harness, etc., wholesale and retail. 
The wife of Mr. Miller, whom he married at Farmville, March 22, 1867, 
is Pattie D. Holt, of Charlotte county, Virginia. Their children are: 
Lula A., John V., Henry M. (deceased), Mary L. and Mattie B. Mrs. 
Miller is the daughter of Peter F. Holt, who died in November, 1877. 
Her mother, whose maiden name was Martha D. Wilbom, is also now 


In (Colonel Nealis represente<l the fifth generation of his family in Dan- 
ville, all honorably identified with the best interests of the city. He 
was bom in Danville, January 3, 1845, son of Thomas D. NeaJ, who 
was born in Pittsylvania county, October, 1812, was many years an 


active business iiiaii of Danville, founding the present warehouse system 
there in 1858, and who died in Richmond, on June 21, 1884. The 
mother of Colonel Neiil, born in Halifax county, Vii'ginia, in 1821, 
living now in Hichnion<l, is L. F., daughter of Col. Samuel Carter of 
Halifax county. A lad sixteen yenrs of age at the outbreak of the civil 
war. Colonel Neal responded to the call of Virginia, entering service in 
Company B, 18th Virginia regiment. He was detailed on the staff of 
Greneral Pickett, where he served with fidelity till the close of the war, 
sharing in all the immortal service of that gallant division. At the 
close of the war he went to New York City and entered a large tobacco 
establishment there, where he remained until his marriage. 

He married in Danville, November 1 , 1866, Rev. D. G. W. Dame officiat- 
ing. Rose P. Allen of Danville, daughter of Orin N. and Susan (Fi-ee- 
man) Allen. Her father, born in New York in 1812, died June 20, 
1875; her mother, borri in Culpeper county, Virginia, is now living in 
Danville. Colonel and Mrs. Neal have one son, Orin Allen, and have 
buried a daughter, Pefcy Stokes, died at age of four years six niontlm. 

Making his home after marriage in Danville, Colonel Neal embarketl 
in business there as a tobacco leaf dealer, one of the first to ship leaf 
tobacco from Danville in consignments. Since 1869 he has been pro- 
prietor of the Planters Warehouse founded by him. The warehouse 
building now occupied by him, 72x256 feet, he erected in 1869 to 
accommodat^e his extended business. His best energies have ever been at 
the service of his native city. The Odd Fellows Hall, on Main street, 
stands as a monument to his enterprise, its erection having been secured 
by his influence while he was Master of Bethesda Lodge, I. O. O. F. He 
was an active worker in the movement which resulted in the building of 
the new Episcopal church building in Danville, one of the finest chur<ih 
edifices in Virginia. In 1 886 he assisted in forming the organization 
fi'om which has resulted the Danville Academy of Music, costing 
$30,000, and of this organization he is still the efficient chairman, the 
building remaining under its control. He was active, in 1887, in 
securing the improved water works sewerage, and other improvements, 
and it wa« he who made the first move toward holding in Danville the 
tobacco fair whi(*h was in its success so creditable to the city. He is 
president of the Chamber of Commerce, and holds other public offices 
of trust. Colonel Neal is yet in the prime of life, an energetic business 
man, a public spirited citizen, a true Virginian. 


The youngest son of Philip and Jane (Crease) Nelson, and great grand- 
son of Greneral Thomas Nelson, was bom at Mont Air, Hanover coimty, 
Virginia, October 4th, 1854. He graduated at the Virginia Agricul- 


tural aiuJ Mechanical College, 1876, and the three subsequent yeai-s 
served as assistant teacher at the Episcopal High School, near Alex- 
andria. He was a student of medicine at the University of Virginia, the 
session of 1880-1, and in 1882 graduated in the Medical department of 
the University of Maryland, Baltimore. After leaving that institution, 
he located in Danville, Virginia, where he is actively engaged in the 
practice of his profession. 

W. W. NEW, 

Born in Henrico county, Virginia, near Richmond, is the son of R. P. 
and Mary A. (Wilde) New, who were born in the same county, and 
were honored resident* there through life. His father died February, 
22, 1852, aged forty-three years, and his mother died in Richmond, 
(J<?tober 8, 1862. Mr. New's school-days were passed in Richmond, and 
from school life he passed to the employment of the C. 8. Government, 
serving in the department of Henrico, at Richmond, from October 8, 
1861, to April 11, 1865. He had two brothers in service, F. A. and C. 
R. New, the latter killed in battle of Seven Pines, May 31 , 1862. From 
1865 to 1871, Mr. New clerked for L. I^vy, Richmond, grocery and 
commission business. In July, 1871, he removed to Danville, and in 
September following went into business on his own account, dealing 
in junk. Later he handled sewing machines, then wagons, carnages, 
buggies and harness, also livery. He is now doing the largest car- 
riage, buggy, wagon and harness business in this section of the 
country, a member of the firm of New & Miller, carrying on both whole- 
sale and retail trade. 

In Caswell county, North Carolina, November 12, 1873, Mr. New 
married Lucie Gunn, of that county, the daughter of James Gimn, who 
still lives in Caswell county, and Fannie (Henderson) Gunn, who died 
in July, 1886. Mr. and Mrs. New have lost two children, Maggie, died 
June 19, 1885, aged sixteen months, and Charley, died July, 1886, at 
age of fifty days. They have one daughter, M. Fannie; and one son, 
Rol)ert, bora May 19, 1887. Mr. New has always taken a warm inter- 
est in the affairs of Danville since making that his home, and is one of 
its most respected citizens. He is now serving as alderman, elected for 
a two years' term from July 1, 1888. He has been for many years a 
trustee of the Danville (Methodist) ('ollege for young ladies; is a 
member of the Order of Odd Fellows, and a Knight of Honor. 


^Was born in Henry county, Virginia, the son of Greenville T. Pace, 
who was born in that county, November 1, 1810, and who died on Sep- 
tember 20^ 1878. The mother of John R., Nancy W. Hughes, was also 


bom in Henry county, and died there, in 1844, at age of thirty-seven 
years. In 1H60, in Bedford county, he married Sallie A., daughter 
of Leven B. Hagerinan, who died in 1841, and Charlotte C. Michell, 
who died May 80, 1888, aged eighty-five years. The children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Pace are six: William G., Lizzie, James R., Mary, Sallie 
and Lottie. 

In his youth, Mr. Pace attended the schools of Henry county. He 
commenced the tobm»co business in Danville in 1851, in his father'n 
factory. In 1857 he was admitteil in the business with his father under 
the style of G. T. Pace & Son. During the war he served the Confeder- 
ate States in the quartermaster's department. Aft«r the close of the 
war he began business figain, in the manufacture of tobacco, under the 
firm name of John R. Pace & Co.; later on the firm name was changed 
to Pa(;e, Talbott & Co. Some five years ago, he i*etired from manufac- 
turing and went into the leaf tobacco business in his own name. In 
1886 he commenced business as a special partner with his eldest son, 
William G. Pace, and P. B. Gravely, in the manufacture ofplugtobacito, 
under the firm name of P. B. Gravely & Co., which business is still so 
conducted, the firm manufacturing the old original and far-famed 
"Peyton Gravely '' brand tobacco, that wa« established in the year 
1831 . Mr. Pa<'e was a number of years a member of the city council of 
Danville, and is at tliis time president of the Citizens Bank of Danville. 


Was bom in Buckingliam county, Virginia, on January 10, 1847. He 
attended the schools of his native county, and closed his academic 
studies with attendance for two sessions at Trinity College, North 
Carolina. In Noveml>er, 18(54, he entered the (-onfederate States 
Army, 37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, in which he served until the 
close of the war. After the war he studied law with Capt. Camm 
Patteson, of Buckingham county, and in November, 18(59, he entered 
into practice in that county. In 1870, he removed to Lynchburg, 
Virginia, where he practiced law until 1873. In November, 1873, he 
joined the Virginia Methodist Conference, and was licensed to preach, 
which calling he followed for ten years. Since 1884 he ha« been prac- 
ticing law at Danville, office in Riverside Block. He is also the 
treasurer of city of NoHh X)anville. 

Mr. Patteson's parents were born in Buckingham county. Robert 
Patteson, his father, died August 3, 18(j4, aged sixty-five years, and 
his mother, who was Margaret P. Hocker, died in September, 1870, 
aged sixty-nine years. The first wife of Mr. Patteson was Georgietta 
B. Kinnear, who died June 24, 1873, leaving him one son, Andrew K., 


now of Danville. Secondly he married Fannie Shepherd, of Cambridge, 
Maryland. Their marriage was solemnized in her native town, on 
January 28, 1880, and they have two children, Pearl and Paul. 


The name of "Randolph'' is one every true Vii*ginian hears with 
pride, i*emembering tlie many of the name who have added to the glory 
of Virginia. Both on the paternal and the nmternal side Eston Ran- 
dolph is of this family. He is the son of Major Beverley Randolph, of 
**The Moorings,'' Clarke county, Virginia, and was born at his father's 
seat, on Deitember 7, 1857. His father's father was William F. 
liandolph, a prominent lawyer of Virginia, and who was a grandson of 
Thonms Mann Randolph, governor of Virginia in 1819-1822, whose 
family and public re(^ordaregivenin Volume I of Virginia and Virginians. 
In the late war, Major Randolph served on the staff of Gen. Joseph E. 
Johnston. His son Beverley, jr., brother of Eston, was killed at the 
age of sixteen years, three days after enlistment, at Greenwood Depot, 
Albemarle county, Virginia. The mother of Eston Randolph, Mary 
Conway Randolph, is the daughter of Philip Gymes Randolph, at one 
time acting secretary of war. Major Randolph and his wife still reside 
on his estate, "The Moorings.'- 

Eston attended private school in Clarke county, then William nnU 
Mary College, Williamsburg. In 1876 he left college, and jiccepted an 
appointment in the United States Signal sei*vice, in which he remaine<l 
three years. Later he studied law at the University of Virginia, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1883. In December of that year he came to 
Danville, where he has since been in practice, a member of the law firm 
of Randolph & Randolph. He has filled a number of local offices with 
credit, and is present superintendent of public schools for the city of 


Was born at Edge Hill., Albemarle county, Vii-ginia, on Man-h 19, 
1848. He is the son of Col. Frank G. Ruttin, who was born in Missis- 
sippi, and is now a resident of Virginia, second Auditor of the State. 
During the war. Colonel Ruttin was in the commissary department of 
the Con federate? States Army, rank as given. He had two sons in active 
service, J. R. Ruffin, private in Rockbridge Battery, and W. Roane 
Ruffin, lieutenant in Chamberlayne's battery. The subject of this 
sketx'h was also in service for a time, although only seventeen years of 
age at close of war. The mother of W. Nicholas was Caryanne Nich- 
olas Ruttin. She die<J in 1857. His wife is Mary Winston, daughter of Dr. 



John BrcKikenborough Harvie, formerly of Powhatan county, Virginia, 
now (leeeawed. Her niotlier, Htill living, was Mi88 Mary E. Blair. As 
the family names indicat.e, Mr. and Mns. Ruffinare connected with many 
of the eminent Virginian familien whose names and services for Virginia 
ar.* given elsewhere in these rei^ords. 

Mrs. lUittin was born at Fighting Civek, Powhat^in county, Virginia, 
.June IJi, 1848. and h«*ame the wife of Mr. Ruffin at the place of her 
birth, April 20, 1875. Rev. P. F. Berkeley uniting thenr. Their children 
are five: John Harvie, Ellen Harvie, Wilson Nicholas, jr., Lewis Ruth- 
ei*foord and Cary Randolph. 

Mr. Ruttin went to school in 1801-2 to Wm. H. Harrison, at **The 
Wigwam,'' Amelia county; in 18(i2w] to Rev. W^m. A. Campbell, of Pow- 
hatan county ; in 18();^-4 to the University of Virginia. After the war 
he farmed in Albemarle county until 1870, and in that year went to the 
western end of the Chesapeake & Ohio R. R., with Randolph & Co., con- 
tractors, who built that portion of the road between Hawk's Nest and 
the Kanawha Falls, except one mile. In 1878 he engagefl in business in 
RichuKmd, and in 1871) came to Danville, where he engaged in his pres- 
ent business, real estate, fire and life insurance. 


Was born in Elizabeth City county, Virginia, o\\ Maix»h 16, 1845, the 
son of William S. Sdater, who was born in York county, Virginia, and 
who died in 18(J(), ag»'d fifty-two years. The mother of Thomas R., 
also a Virginian, Ann Lee her maiden name, was bom in Norfolk, and 
died in 1874, jiged sixty-two years. He married in Pittsylvania 
county, at Cascade, November27, 1871), Blanche Venable of Pittsylvania 
county. She was born in this county August 5, 1859, and is now 
de<*eased. Her father was A. K. Venable, still of Pittsvlvania countv; 
her mother, Sarah (Sclater) Venable, died in 1876, aged sixty years. 

Thonm« R. Sclater attended school in Hampton until in 1858 he liegan 
business as assistant postnuister and drug clerk for M^issenburg & 
Cary, of Hampton. He was then only thirteen yeai-s of age, and 
remained with them until he entered the army, one of Virginia's young- 
est sons in the field, serving from 1861 till the close of the war, in 
Company A, 82d Virginia Infantry, ('. S. A., and taking part in battles 
of Seven Pines, Savage's Station, Malvern Hill, Sharpsburg, Fred- 
ericksbui'g, Cold Harbor, Five Forks, Sailors' Creek and many others. 
After the war he went to Baltimore, Maryland, where he was clerk for 
N. H.Jennings three years; from 1870 to 1874 was drug, clerk for 
Hunt, Rankin & Lamar; came to Danville in 1874, was four years 
clerk for P. R. Jones, druggist, then went into business for himself, in 
which he still continues, at 312 Main street. 




The subject of this sketch was bom in Chatham, Pittsylvania county, 
on August 22, 1857. At Clarksville, Virginia, November 9, 1882, the 
bride's father officiating, he married Mary H. Whaley. She was born in 
Clarksville, Mecklenburg county, Virginia, on August 22, 1858, the 
daughter of Rev. F. N. Whaley and Bettie (Hughes) Whaley. Her pai*ents 
ai-e Virginians, her father born in Fairfax county, September 7, 1819, 
and her mother in Cumberland county, April 10, 1823. Mr. and Mrs. 
Shepherd have two children: Fred. >V., boi*n January 26, 1884; Bessie 
G., born January 31, 1886. Mr. Shepherd is the present incumbent of 
the county coui-t clerkship, Pittsylvania county, which position he has 
ably tilled since 1879^ residence, Chatham. 


Son of Rev. Thos. W. S^^dnor, 1). I)., is a native of Virginia, born in 
Nottoway county, on April 12, 1849. He was educated at the Rich- 
mond College, and then entered the Baltimore Dental College, whence 
he was graduated with honors in 1874. From 1874 to 1879 he 
practiced his profession in Salem, Virginia, and since that time ha« been 
in practice in Danville, his present place of residence. Fourteen years 
of pra(!tice and an entire devotion to his profession have given him a 
well deserved reputation in his business. Dr. Sydnor had two brothei-s 
in the Confederate States Army: Edward G., kille<] at Sharpsburg, 
Maryland, September 17, 1862; and R. Walton, captain of Nottoway 
Company last year of the war, at the age of seventeen years. 


The subjecit of this sketch was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on 
October 17, 1833. He is a son of Thomas Talbott, born in Baltimore, 
died in 1844, aged thirty-seven yeare, and Sarah (Munn) Talbott, who 
died in 1883, at the age of sixty-seven years. His parents removed 
from Baltimore to Richmond, Virginia, when he was eighteen months 
old, and he was reared in the latter city, attending its schools. At the 
age of fourteen years he was apprenticed with the firm of Talbott & 
Brother. In 1852 he went on the Wilmington & Manchester Railroad, 
as locomotive engineer, and a year later on the Richmond & Danville 
road, >vith which he remained until 1857, when he commenced business 
for himself, manufacturer of tobacco, in Richmond. 

In 1860 he came to Danville, which has since been his home, and his 
practical business training, combined with warm interest in the devel- 
opment of his adopted home, has made him a factor in the subsequent 
development of the city, which has, from a population of 3,000 at the 


time of liiH settlement grown to a population of 13,000, with a business 
second to tliat of no city of the State. During the war Mr. Talbott was 
eaptain of a company, having in his charge the Piedmont Railroad 
Machine Shop. His brotlier, Samuel G., served in the Confederate 
States Armv. After the war Mr. Talbott resumed his business as 
tobacco manufacturer, and he is now a member of the firm of l^ice, 
Talbott k (V)., proprietors of the Star Tobacco Factory, No. 3. He is 
now, and has bet»n for the past eight years, pi*esident of the Tobacco 
Board of Trade, of Danville. In politics Mr. Talbott is a Democrat. 
He is a member of the City Council, and has been for a number of years, 
and as member ha« been able to advance in many ways the best inter- 
ests of the city. He was a delegate to the National Democratic Con- 
vention wliich nominated General Hancock at Cincinnati, in 1880. 

At Danville, April 24, 18(i(), he married Mary M. Pace, who was bom 
in Henry county, Virginia, the daughter of Greenville T. and Nancy 
(Hughes) Pace. Her parents are no longer Hving; her father dieil in 
1878. The chihlren of Mr. and Mrs. Talbott are six living, three 
dei'eased: Carrie P., Nannie H., Sarah G., Greenville P., Lucy H., 
Thomas S., Frank, Mary P., and Watts. Carrie P., the first-bom, died 
in March, 180G, aged five years; Sarah G., deceased, was the third of 
their children. 


Physician and Surgeon, now of Danville, was born in Middlesex county 
Virginia, on xVIai-ch 22, 1889. He is a son of Benjamin Temple, who 
was born in Chesterfield county, Virginia, and died in 1873, aged seven- 
ty-three years, and Lucy L. Robinson, born in Middlesex county, Vir- 
ginia, died in 1884, aged seventy-eight years. It is worthy of record 
that tliis couple gave to the Confederate? States government the servic^e 
of seven sons in the field, tlieir record briefly stated a« follows: Benja- 
min B. entered service in 18(31, private in the 2d Virginia Howitzers, 
later two years in tlie 9th Virginia Cavalry ; he was wounded at Hagers 
town, Maryland; was four montlm a s(!out with Frank Stringfellow. 
Major U. H., another son, servetl in the engineer's corps; C. W. was 
wounded and captured in battle of second Mana«sas, and held until 
exchanged at Wasliington, D. C: John T. (now decreased), ^^is a lieu- 
tenant in tlie 30th Virginia Infantry; William S., sergeant in Pegram's 
battery, was seven times wounded, and served till the surrender at 
Appomattox; Bernard M., also in Pegrani's batterv, was wounde<l at 
second Manassas, and captured at Richmond in "^1 865; Ludwell R 
(now deceased), served in the 9th Virginia Cavalry. 

Dr. Temple was graduaterl in medical course from a school in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, after which he studied in Paris, France. Aft«r the war 


he practiced in Middlesex county, Virginia, two years ; in 1867 went to 
St. Charles, Missouri, as surgeon for the Baltimore Bridge Company, 
and remained with them until, in 1871, he returned to Virginia. In 
1872 he went to Reidsville, North Carolina, and in 1874 returned again 
to his native State and settled in Danville, where he ha« since l>een in 
practice. He has been serving as health officer of Danville, for the pnst 
two years. While in New Orleans, Louisiana, September 5, 18()(), he 
married Mary E. Glidden, and they have one son, George G. Mrs. 
Temple wixs born in New Orleans, the daughter of George Glidden, who 
was bom in the State of Maine, and has been many years a resident of 
New Orleans. Her mother, whose mniden nnme was Mnry K. Clark, 
die<l in 1850, aged twenty-three years. 



The subject of this sketch was born in Halifax county, Virginia, 
on October 31, 1803, and his home ha« always been in the county. 
His father, John R. Adams, was born in Powhatan county, Virginia, 
was in the Confederate States Army during the late war, and died on 
May 28, 1887, aged sixty-four years. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Mary A. Stanford, died on July 4, 1874, aged forty-eight 
years. On January 12, 1887, he married S. Alice Mitchell, and their 
son, John R., was bom on January 17, 1888. Mrs. Adams wa« born 
in Halifax county, and her parents fire still residents of this connty, 
Capt. John A. Mitchell and Mary F. (Pringle) Mitchell. 

Among the paternal ancestors of Mr. Adams may be. named the 
Adamses of Boston, and the Tuckers of Virginia, who figured con- 
spicuously in colonial days. His mother's people, the Stanfords of 
North Carolina, were also public men of national reputation, his 
great grandfather, Richard Stanford, being elected to the United 
States Congress in 1796, and was elected continuously for twenty years. 
He died in 1816 during the session of Congress, and his remains were 
interre<l in the ('ongressional Cemetery, and a tall marble shaft at 
present marks the spot. Gen. Stephen Moore, of Revolutionary fame, 
of the same State, was Mr. Adam's mother's greatgrandfather. The 
ancestral coat-of-arms of Mr. Adam's family bears the inscription of 
*^ Prima " as will be seen on next page. 


Mre. Adam's ancestors were the Jeffersons, Baskervilles and manv 
others of the old Virginian families, of like reputation. 

Mr. Adams is engfiged in the insurance business an<l his address at 
present is South Boston, Virginia. 


\Va« bom in Halifax county, Virginia, in May, 1H55. His father is Wil- 
liam H. ArmisteadjUowof Halifax county, born in Petersburg, Virginia. 
His mother, who was Miss Sarah Henry befoi*e marriage, is the grand- 
daughter of Patrick Henry. The early education of Judge Armist-ead 
wa« received at Hampden-Sidney College. In 1870 he entered the Wash- 
ington and I>*e University, and was graduated from the Law^ Course 
there in IS 78. Several years afterward he enteral into practice in South 
Boston, in which he has contiimed to the present dat/C. He also holds 
at the present time the office of notary public. From 1881 to 1885 he 
was judge of Halifax <'Ounty court. 


Is the son of Henry Easley, M. D., who was born in Halifax county, Vir- 
ginia, was many years an esteemed physician of the county, and is now- 
deceased. His mother, Mrs. Ann R. L. Easley, is still living in this coupty. 
He wa#» born in Halifax county, December 15,1847, and went to school 
in the county, at Cluster Springs ami at Halifax C. H. At the age of 
seventeen yeai-s, 18G4, he entered the Confederate States Army, Pogiie's 
Battalion of Light Artillery, with which he served till the surrender at 
Appomattox C. H. He had two older brothers in service, Thomas and 
Andrew, the latter severely wounded in the head. 

In Halifax county, October 15,1878, Henry Easley married Nannie P. 
Owen. Their living children are: Irvie Owen, Annie Rebecca, Mamie, 
Henry Owen, and Thomas Owen. They have burie<l one son,Willinni 
Preston, died Mav 29, 1887. Mrs. Easlev was born in Halifax count v, 
the daughter of Thonms E. Owen, who was boni in this county, an<l 
*is now de<*ease(l. Her mother, now de<jeased, was Mary B.Baxley,born 
in Hahfax county. 

VikGlMlA AND VIRGtNlAI^S. 62l 

After the war Mr. Easley enga^d in mercantile business at Blax^k 
Walnut and at South Boston for about ten years. He then, with some 
others, formed the Planters and Merchants Bank, of South Boston, with 
which he has ever since been connected, and of which he is now cashier. 
He served a's mn^istrat** at Black Walnut twelve months <lurin^ his 
n^idence there. 


Was bom in Halifax county, on October 22, 1849, the son of t)r. Henry 
and Ann L. K. Easley. (See preceding sketch for further family record.) 
He has been twice marrie<l, his first wife Sallie Irvin Owen, who died 
August 2, 1 881 , leaving him one daughter, Nannie Preston. He man*ied 
se<H>ndly, January 15, 1885, Jeimie (\ Owen, and they have, two 
children, John W. and liizzieO. Mr. Easley was educated in the schools 
of Halifax county, and entered on a business life at the age of eighteen 
years, in the mercantile house of J. S. Easley, Halifax C. H. Two years 
later he moved to South Boston, where he has since continueil in the 
same business, adding to it an extensive tobacco business. He is a 
dii*ector in the Planters and Merchants Bank, of South Boston, a 
meml>er of the city council, and city treasurer. 


Is descended from families seated in Halifax county in the eighteenth 
century. He was born in this county, on October 20, 1833, the son of 
Richard Edmondson, who was born in this county, and who died in 
November, 1857, aged 74 years. His mother, Miss Susan Howell Chas- 
tain, daughter of Rene Chastain, a descendant of the Huguenots, is still 
living at Halifax V. H. His wife was born in Hahfax (?ounty, Sallie A., 
daughter of Nathaniel H. Poindexter, and they were married at Halifax 
C. H., on May 21 , 1857. Their children were born in the order named: 
Mary J., Susan H., Francis W., Anna H., Robert H., Rosa L., Lula H., 
Lizzie A., Willie L., Sallie A., Frank. Mary, Susan, Anna and Rosa are 
married; one son, Henry A., died in August, 1805, age^l seven years. 
Mrs. Edmondson's father wa« born in Halifax county, anddie<linl859, 
aged fifty-one yeai*s. Her mother, who was Miss Mary Johnson before 
marriage, died in 1883, aged seventy-two years. 

Mr. Edmondson received his educati(m in the sf^hools of Halifax 
county. From 1852 to 1857 he clerked for Estes & Avery, general 
store. In April, 1801, he entered the Confederate States Army, in 
Company A, Montague's Battalion, and served till the close of the war, 
twice slightly wounded. He was promoted first lieutenant ; later was 
commissioned major of the 53d Virginia Infantry, a regiment of 


Pickett's division. Among the battles in which heltook part were: 
Bethel, Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, second Manassas, Fredericksburg, 
Gettysburg, those around Petersburg, Sailors Creek, Five Forks. 

After tlie war. Major Edinondson returned to Halifax county, where 
he engjiged in farming until, in 1H(>9, he was elected high sheriff of the 
county, which office he filled until 1HH7. He has also dealt extensively 
in tobacco since 1872, is ow^ner of the Edmondson Warehouse and 
interested in the Flag Warehouse, both at South Boston; is also a 
partner in the general st-ore of Edmondson & Shepherd, South Boston. 


Was bom at Halifax C. H., on December 8, 1841, the son of Thomas 
Jeffei*son (iiven, who was born in Halifax county, and who died on Julj^ 
20, 1871, aged seventy -four years. His mother was Frances Keeling 
Burton, born in Granville county. North Carolina, died May 20, 1866, 
aged sixty-five years. At Halifax C. H., October 31, 1871, he married 
Lizzie R. Wauhop, and their children are four, born: Sallie R.,May 29, 
1873; Thomas J., May 4,1876; Fannie B., January 5, 1879 (died June 
6th following); Lizzie A., June 3, 1887. Mrs. Green wjis born at Mem- 
phis, Tennessee, the daughter of William and Sarah F. (Ragland) 
Wauhop. Her father died at Memphis in 1848 ; her mother died on 
October 3, 1874, aged fifty-four years. 

Mr. Green was raised at Halifax C. H., attending school there, and 
completing his education in 1859. He was one of five brothers who 
served through the late war in the Confeflerate States Army. His ser- 
vice was in Company A, 53d Virginia Infantry, Armistead's Brigade, 
Pickett's Division. In Pickett's grand charge at Getty sbui-g, he was 
shot through the right breast, by a minie-ball, and was disabled by the 
wound for nine months, returning then to his regiment and serving till 
the close of the war. He took part in battles of: Bethel, Seven Pines, 
Fredericksburg, Suffolk, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, Drurys Bluff, How^- 
lett Farm, Five Forks, Fort Harrison and Sailors Creek. His brother, 
Robert B., was wounded in service. The other brothers in service 
were: Thomas J., Nathaniel T. and William L. After the war Mr. 
Green clerked in store at Halifax C. H. until August, 1871, when he 
was appointed commissioner in chancery for county and circuit courts, 
which ottice he has continued to hold up to date. On July 1, 1879, he 
was ele(»ted tretisurer of the county, and is still serving, having l>een 
elected for three consecutive terms of four years each. 



ThomaB R., son of John and Susan R. (Chambers) Jordan, was bom 
in Halifax county. His parents were also natives of this county and 
residents of same through life. His father died in 1871, his mother died 
in 1887. His wife is Mary E., daughter of M. H. and A. M/ Young. She 
was bom at Marengo, Alabama. Their marriage was solemnized on 
New Years Day, 1876, by Rev. J. B. Shearer, and their children are two 
daughtei*s, Nora and Lizzie, and four sons, Hamet, Hurt, Hugo and 
Herman. The father of Mrs. Jordan was killed by a runaway slave in 

1863. Her mother is living now in Halifax county, Virginia. Thomas 
R. Jordan serve<l through the late war in the Confederate States Army, 
three years in Company C, 3d Virginia Cavalry, one year in Poage's 
Artillery Battalion. He was taken prisoner in the advance on Gettys- 
burg, and held a time in Washington, at the Old Capitol. On July 1, 
1879, he was elected clerk of the Halifax county court, and he is still 
filling that office. 


Henry Moon, bom in Charlotte county, Virginia, now deceased, and 
Jemima Bailey , also now deceased, were the parents of Walter L. Moon, 
who was bom in Halifax county, Virginia, on January 3, 1843. He has 
been twice married, Mary H. Russell, of Halifax county, becoming his 
wife in March, 1865, and dying in 1868, leaving him two children, Helen 
V. and H. R. He married secondly in 1872, Eliza C. Carrington, and 
their children are: Elizabeth, Walter, Annie, MoUie and Edward. In 
April, 1861, Mr. Moon entered the Confederate States Army, in Com- 
pany A, 53d Virginia Infantry, private, promoted sergeant. In the sec- 
ond year of the war he went to the Virginia Military Institute, where 
he remained until early in 1864, when he again entered service in Com- 
pany G, 6th Virginia Cavalry. In the battle of the Wilderness, May, 

1864, he received a shell wound, taking off his right arm, just below the 
elbow. He was three weeks in Chimborazo hospital, Richmond, then 
returned home. He engaged in farming for several years after the close 
of the war, then was three years in the tobacco warehouse business at 
South Boston until, in July, 1887, he was elected high sheriff of Halifax 
county^. In this office he is still serving. 


Was bom June 14, 1850, in Petersburg, Virginia. He married July 24, 
1872, Willie S. Fourqureau, of Halifax county, Virginia, the daughter 
of Reuben D. and Mary B. Fourqureau. Their children are Joseph, 


bom November 5, 1874, and Laura May, bom September 16, 1878. 
When he W€W about a year old, Mr. Stebbins' parents removed to Rich- 
mond, Virginia, where his boyhood was spent until he was fourteen 
years of age. His first school was that of Miss Virginia Danforth. In 
1859 he spent a session at the school at residence of Col. Thomas 
Taylor in Goochland county, Virginia; later attended the classical 
school of R. H. L. Tighe, in Richmond. As the war progressed, the 
schools were broken up, and he had to go to work. He began as errand 
boy in a store, and in 1864 came to Halifax county to take a position 
in a country store at Black Walnut. In 1871 he was admitted to an 
interest in the business; in 1872 removed to Turbeville, same county, 
continuing the mercantile business, and in 1876 came to South Boston, 
where he is now a member of the firm of Stebbins & Lawson, dealers in 
general merchandise. 

On his father's side, Mr. Stebbins is descended from an old Massax^hu- 
setts family, his lineage thus traced: Joseph Stebbins, bom 1594, 
sailed in the bark "Francis," from Ipswich, England, in 1634, with 
wife and four children, one of the first settlers of Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts; died December 14, 1671. i. John Stebbins, son of Rowland, 
born 1626, married May 14, 1646, Mrs. Mary Munden; married 
secondly, November 17, 1657, Abigail Bartlett, of Northampton; died 
March 9, 1679. ii. John, son of John, born January 28, 1647, one of 
the early settlers of Deerfield, Massachusetts, soldier under Captain 
Lothrop, and the only man known to have come out unharmed from 
the Bloody Brook massacre; had house burned and entire family 
captured by Indians, February 29, 1704; married Dorothy Alexander, 
of Boston; died December 19, 1724. iii. John, son of John ii., bom 

1685, married about 1714, Mary , who died August 30, 1733; 

married secondly August 25, 1735, Hannah Allen; captured by Indicuis 
and redeemed 1704; died September 7, 1760. i. Joseph, son of John 
iii., bom October 20, 1718, selectman and in other town oflSces; 
married Mary Stratton, of Northfield, who died July 7, 1797; he died 
May 30, 1797. ii. Joseph, son of Joseph, born October 15, 1749, 
second lieutenant in the company of minute men who marched on the 
Lexington alarm ; commissioned lieutenant in Capt. Hugh Maxwell's 
company. May 26, 1775; was acting captain in Colonel Prescott's 
regiment, at battle of Bunker Hill ; commission as captain signed by 
John Hancock, president of Continental Congress, July 5, 1775; served 
through Revolutionary war, rising to rank of lieutenant-colonel; 
married January 25, 1774, Lucy Frary ; died December 15, 1816. iii. 
Joseph, son of Joseph ii., bom February 25, 1782, married December 
3, 1805, Laura Hawks, who died November 26, 1825; he died August 
18, 1827. iv. Joseph, son of Joseph iii., born May 12, 1811, removal 


in 1837 to Petersburg, Virginia, married there, September 4, 1844, 
Mary Elizabeth Grundy; about 1851 removed to Richmond. They 
had six children, two of whom died in infancy. The remaining four 
were named, Laura, Joseph (subject of this sketch), Henry and Arthur, 
all of whom, except Joseph, who was then absent from home, together 
with the parents, perished when their home was consumed by fire, on 
February 21, 1865. 

On his mother's side, Mr. Stebbins is descended from George Grundy 
of Shipley Hall, Derbyshire, England, where he was bom about 173- ; 
came to colonial Virginia, settling in Norfolk; married, about 176-, 
Miss Sarah Lane, a noted belle of Edenton, North Carolina. His son 
George, bom in Norfolk, April 4, 1790, removed to Petersburg, there 
married in July, 1815, Caroline Smith ; one of the original members of 
the "Petersburg Volunteers, '^ a company commanded by Captain 
McRae in the war of 1812, the heroic band that gave to Petersburg the 
name of the "Cockade City;'* died at Petersburg, July 14, 1826. His 
daughter, Mary Elizabeth, bom in Petersburg, December 6, 1824, 
married Joseph Stebbins, father of subject of this sketch, September 4, 
1844; perished with him as above recorded. 


Bom at Paineville, Amelia county, Virginia, May 6, 1843, is the son of 
Edwin A. Vaughan and Mary A. P. Ha<skins, both bom in Amelia 
county, honored residents there through life, and now deceased. His 
mother died in 1872, his father in 1879. At Black Walnut, Virginia, 
December 11, 1867, Rev. J. B. Shearer officiating clergyman, he married 
Almira Traver. Their children are: Mary E., J. Edgar, Florence H., 
Herbert E., Ida T., and Blanche H. Mrs. Vaughan was bom at New 
Haven, Connecticut, and is the daughter of James and Mary A. (Cham- 
berlain) Traver, now of South Boston, Halifax county ^ Virginia. 

Mr. Vaughan was educated at Prideville Academy and Edgewood 
Seminary, Amelia county. He entered the Confederate Army as a pri- 
vate in Company G, 6th Virginia Cavalry, in August, 1861, and was 
promoted sergeant, and was in all the principal battles in Jackson's 
Valley campaign, and also Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, 
Five Forks and Appomattox. After the war he was engaged in a mer- 
cantile business at South Boston, until elected, July 1, 1879, clerk of 
Halifax county court, which office he is still ably filling. 




Was bom in Prince Edward county, Virginia, on October 13, 1842, the 
son of Peyton Randolph Berkeley and Frances Ann Banister Little. As 
the family names indicate, he is connected with many of the families 
who have been honorably identified with the annals of Virginia, and is, 
indeed, a lineal descendant from Sir William Berkeley (see Volume 1 of 
this work). His father, bom in Richmond, Virginia, in September, 
1804, died in May, 1870. His mother, bom in Clarke county, Virginia, 
died in September, 1843. During the late war, his father, his elder 
brother and himself, constituting the entire family, were in service. The 
father was captain of Company K, 3d Virginia Cavalry (Stuart's), and 
the subject of this sketch was sergeant in the same company. The 
brother, W. R. Berkeley, was lieutenant-colonel of the 21st Virginia 

In Prince Edward county, June 12, 1867, Rev. R. L. Dabney, D. D., 
ofl3ciatiug clergyman, Robert Blair Berkeley married Pattie Maria 
Price. Their daughter, Fannie Little, bom July 27, 1868, died August 
30, 1869. Mrs. Berkeley was bom in Prince Edward county, as was 
her father, Charles Allen Price. Her mother, who was Miss Fannie Pris- 
cilla Wilson, was born in Cumberland County, Virginia. Mr. Berkeley 
has been twice married, his first wife, Alice M. Scott, whom he wedded on 
April 29, 1863, and who lived but a few months. He was educated at 
Ham pden-Sidney College; was graduated in law at the University of 
Virginia in June, 1871, was in practice in Richmond, 1872-7, then re- 
moved to Farmville, and since that date has been in practice in Prince 
Edward and adjoining counties. In May, 1887, he was elected Common- 
wealth attorney for Prince Edward county for the term of four years, 
and is still serving. 


Was born in Cumberland county, Virginia, on August 1*, 1833. He is 
the son of Elisha Blanton, who was bom in Cumberland county, and 
who died in February, 1853, aged fifty-three years. His mother was 
Elizabeth A. Sanders, died in 1875, aged seventy-seven years. His wife 
is Ida F., daughter of W. T. Rice, of Farmville, who married Mary V. 
Williams. Mre. Blanton was bom in Farmville. and they were married 
there, on December 9, 1868. Their children are : one daughter, Lizzie S., 
and two sons, William B. and Samuel E. In April, 1861, Mr. Blanton 
entered the Confederate States Army, sergeant Company F, 18th Vir- 
ginia Infantry. He received promotion to first lieutenant, then cap- 


tain, and was in command o! his company when severely wounded and 
captured in the third day's fighting at Gettysburg. He was held a 
prisoner at Baltimore one month, then ten months at Johnson's 
Island, in Lake Erie. After exchange he was placed on the retired list 
and did local duty at Farmville a time, then was appointed clerk in the 
Farmer's Bank, at Farmville. In this position he was serving when 
the war ended, and at the time of Lee's surrender he took charge of the 
bank funds, escaped with them, and kept them safely until he was 
enabled, in due time, to restore them to the bank again. While in 
active service he took part in battles of: First Manassas, Williams- 
burg, Seven Pines, Gaines Mills, Malvern Hill, Frazier's Farm, the seven 
days fighting around Richmond, Petersburg, Gettysburg, and others. 
Both before and since the war, Mr. Blanton has been extensively 
engaged in a tobacco business, in which he still continues. He also 
carried on a mercantile business for six years after the war. 


The subject of tliis sketch was born at Nottoway C. H., Virginia, on 
May 15, 1837, the son of George and Catherine (Campbell) Fitzgerald. 
His father died in 1863, and his mother died in 1839. Both were born 
in Nottoway county, and were of families honorably identified with its 
annals. Francis Fitzgerald, father of George, and for fifty years clerk 
of Nottoway county, was the son of Captain William Fitzgerald, who 
served with that rank in the Revolutionary war, and took part in the 
battle of Guilford C. H. Catherine, mother of Colonel Fitzgerald, was 
the daughter of Dr. A. A. Campbell, who was a surgeon in the war of 
1812, and who represented Nottoway county many years in the legisla- 
ture and senate of Virginia. The wife of Colonel Fitzgerald, whom he 
married in Prince Edward county, December 23, 1863, Rev. R. L. Dab- 
ney, D. D., uniting them, is also of eminent Virginian families. She was 
bom in Prince Edward county, Florida Frances, daughter of William 
Cabell Flourney. Her father, born in 1812, died in 1861, was the 
grandson of William Cabell of Nelson county. Her mother is Martha 
M. Venable,bom in 1816, living now at Farmville. 

Colonel Fitzgerald was educated at Hampden-Sidney college, and 
was graduated there in June, 1857; studied law at the University of 
Virginia, 1857-8, and was licensed to practice law on July 30, 1858. 
He located in Prince Edward county in October, 1858, and was in 
practice there when war was inaugurated. He entered service as 
first lieutenant of Company I, 23d Virginia Infantry ; was promoted 
captain July 25, 1861 ; major, June 10, 1863 ; lieutenant-colonel, same 
regiment, November 27, 1863. His service was from May, 1861, to the 
surrender, and under Gens. Garnett and H. R. Jackson in Northwest 


Virginia, "Stonewall" Jackson in the Valley. He was wounded at 
Sharpeburg, and captured at Spottsylvania C. H. Takeh a prisoner 
to Fort Delaware, he wa« one of the fifty field officers sent thence to 
Charleston, South Carolina, in 1864, to be put under fire of the Confed- 
erate guns; was exchanged at Charleston. 

After the war, Colonel Fitzgerald resumed his practice in Prince 
Edward county. Since October, 1885, he has been treasurer of the 
Union Theological Seminary at Farmville and of Hampden-Sidney 
college. He takes great interest in secret societies ; is a Ma«on, Knight 
of Honor, and Royal Arcanum. In 1883-4 was representative of Vir- 
ginia Grand Lodge K. of H. to Supreme Lodge; and since then has been 
a member of the committee of Appeals and Grievances of the Supreme 
Lodge, and chairman of committee for the la«t three years. 


Was bom in Buckingham county, Va., on March 17, 1832. His 
parents were Virginians, Charles McKinney, bom in Charlotte county, 
died in August, 1862, and Martha Guarrrtnt, also now deceased. On 
May 12, 1856, he married Nannie Christian, who died, leaving him one 
son, Robert C. He married secondly, at Farmville, Virginia, December 
23, 1884, Annie Lyle, and they have one child, Frankie Irving. The 
early school days of Mr. McKinney were passed in Buckingham county, 
followed by the course at Hampden-Sidney college, whence he was gradu- 
ated with honors. He pursued his law studies at Washington and 
Lee University, and then entered on the practice of law in Prince 
Edward and adjoining counties. 

In April, 1861, he entered the Confederate States Army, captain of 
Company K, 4th Virginia Cavalry, and was with that regiment in all 
its gallant service until incapacitated for the field by wound received in 
1863 at Brandy Station. After that he performed local duty at Dan- 
ville for a year. In 1864 he was relieved from military duty by Col. 
George C. Cabell, and took his seat as a member of the General Assem- 
bly of Virginia, to which position he had been elected from Buckingham 
county in 1858, and where he served till the close of the war. 

Since that time he has been one of the most eminent members of the 
Bar in Virginia, with his home at Farmville, his practice mainly in 
Prince Edward county. He has filled the ofl3ce of prosecuting attorney 
several terms, has been three times Presidential elector on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for the Foui-th District; was elector at large in 1884; in 
1881 was the Democratic nominee for attorney-general, and in 1885 
was a candidate for nomination for Governor of Virginia, receiving, 
among the several candidates, the next highest vote to that by which 
Governor Lee was nominated. 



Is the son o! Judge John W. Nash of Powhatan county, Virginia, who 
died in 1860. His mother, also now deceased, was Elizabeth Hatcher. 
Dr. Nash was bom in Amelia county, Virginia*, on August 29, 1826. 
His early school days were passed in Powhatan county, after which he 
attended the Boonville Academy, Missouri. He then took the medical 
course of Jefferson College, whence he was graduated in the spring of 
1848. He practiced at Cumberland C. H.,then atCartersville, Virginia, 
and in 1874 came to Farmville, where he has been in practice ever 
since. At Richmond, Virginia, on May 20, 1852, he married Lydia, 
daughter of Francis and Sarah (Cowles) Smith, formerly of Richmond, 
both now deceased. The record of the children of Dr. and Mrs. Nash is : 
William, now deceased ; Frank, now a surgeon, U. S. N.; John, now 
deceased ; Sarah E., now the wife of Dr. Irving of FarmviUe. 


Was bom in Appomattox county, Virginia, on March 9, 1849, the son 
of Richard S. Paulett, who was bom in Prince Edward county, and is 
living now in Farmville. His mother, who was Harriet P. Clark, died 
on May 14, 1884. At Manson, North Carolina, December 23, 1873, he 
married Emily F. T witty, of Warren county. North Carolina. Their 
children are three daughters, one son, Essie D., Hattie W., May T. and 
R. Landon. Mrs. Paulett is the daughter of Thomas T. and Evylin 
(Fitts) Twitty, both born in Warren county. North Carolina, and now 
deceased. Her father died on April 4, 1888. Mr. Paulett was too 
young for regular field service during the late war, but served on local 
duty, having one brother, S. W. Paulett, in regular service. He attended 
Southside Institute and other schools at Farmville until about 1863. 
From that time until 1869, with slight intervals, was merchandising at 
Farmville. In 1869 went to Randolph-Macon College and was gradu- 
ated in several of the schools of that institution. In 1873 he entered 
the Virginia Conference, and in 1878 located in Farmville, where he 
ha« ever since been engaged in the business of commission merchant, 
which he still continues. 


Son of R. S. and H. P. (Clark) Paulett, was bom at Farmville, on 
October 24, 1846. His school days were spent at Farmville, and in the 
Eastman Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York. He entered the 
Confederate States Army in July, 1861, in Company F, 18th Virginia 
Infantry, regimental marker. He was three times wounded in service, 


at Second Bull Run, in Pickett's charge at Gettysburg, and at Sailors 
Creek, April 6, 1865. He was taken prisoner at Gettysburg, also, and 
was held six months, at Fort Delaware and at Point Lookout. From the 
latter prison he escaped, and rejoined his regiment, serving with it until 
the close of the war. Among the battles in which he took part are : 
Williamsburg, the seven days lighting around Richmond, second Bull 
Run, Boonsboro, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chester Station (May 
16th), Hamilton Crossing, second Gaines Mills, Chester again (June 
16th), Hatchers Run, Sailors Creek. 

After the war, Mr. Paulett went into the tobacco business, in which he 
continued six years, was then four yeara engaged in merchandising, then 
returned to the tobacco business having an insurance business connected 
with it, in which he still continues. He is connected with his father in 
the tobacco business, junior member of the firm of R. S. Paulett &Son. 
He was elected captain of the Farmville Guards, April 23, 1880, and has 
been in command of the company, except for a short time, ever since. 
For seven years he has been one of the councilmen of Farmville, and he is 
also chief of the fire department. Mr. Paulett has been twice married, 
his first wife Augusta E. Wilt«e, who died December 1, 1875, leaving 
him one son, Samuel W., jr. He married secondly, on August 10,1879, 
Jennie B. Gray, of Prince Edward county. They have three sons, Lewis, 
Vernon and Gordon, and have buried one, their first-bom, Percy C. 


The Watkins family, of French-English descent, was founded in Vir- 
ginia by Thomas Watkins, of Chiekahominy, one of two brothers who 
came to America in colonial days, one settling in Virginia, the other in 
Alabama. From Thomas Watkins descended Frank Watkins, of Prince 
Edward county, long clerk of its courts, great grandfather of Asa D. 
His grandfather was Captain H. E. Watkins, of Prince Edward county, 
who commanded its troops in the war of 181 2. His father was the late 
Judge F. N. Watkins, born in Prince Edward county, judge of its courts 
for fourteen years, member of the legislature for Prince Edward and 
Appomattox counties, sessions of 1866-7-8-9—70, died at age of 
seventy-three years. The mother of Asa D., still living in Farmville, 
was Martha A. Scott before marriage. 

Asa D. was born in Prince Edward county, on June 5, 1856. His 
earliest studies were received at home, then he attended school in Farm- 
ville a time, then was sent to Hampden-Sidney college. He studied 
law with his father and attended law lectures at the University of Vir- 
ginia, under Professor Minor. In 1883 he b^an practice in Prince 
Edward and adjoining counties. Since February, 1886, he has been 


judge of county court. In'October, 1885, he wa« made secretary and 
treasurer of the State Female Normal School of Virginia, located at 
Farmville, which offices he still worthily fills. 

Judge Watkins married at Farmville, September 2, 1886, Nannie E. 
Forbes, of Buckingham county, Virginia. Their son, Willie F., was 
bom on June 17, 1887. Mrs. Watkins is the daughter of W. W. Forbes, 
who wa<s bom in Buckingham county, still an honored resident there, 
now seventy-four years of age. Her mother, who was Amonette Cobb, 
died at the age of twenty-five years. 



Who made Virginia the home of his adoption in 1855, is u native of 
Scotland, bom July 4, 1836, the son of Benjamin and Anne (McDonald) 
Campbell. His father died in 1858, aged forty-eight years; his mother's 
home is in Edinburg, Scotland. His first marriage was with Jane 
Cameron, who died in August, 1870. Their children were: Alexander, 
William, George P., Thomas D., Jane M., Annie E. George died in 
1864, aged four years. In New York, August 28, 1873, Mr. Campbell 
married Rosalie Higginbotham, of Virginia. They have two sons, 
Edward and Robert W. H., and have buried one son, Douglas, died in 
1879, aged three years. 

Mr. Campbell came from Scotland to the United States in March, 
1855, and at Petersburg, Virginia, engaged in a hardware business, 
which he carried on until the war. From the close of the war until 
1882 he was in the tobacco business. In 1882 he entered on his 
present business, manufacturer of sumac and bark. He is probably the 
largest dealer in the United States in this business, making heavy 
shipments to Europe every year, and being a thorough business man, 
understanding how to handle his immense trade. He has much the 
largest mill in Virginia at Burkeville, where he resides, and also has 
mills at Richmond and Alexandria, Virginia. 


The subject of this sketch is a Virginian, born in Charlotte county on 
August 30,1844. He is the second son of C. J. Gaines, Esq., who was 
born, lived and died in Charlotte county. But few men lived a more 


useful and honored life than did the senior Mr. Gaines, for thirty-three 
consecutive years he held the position of magistrate ; died on the 16th 
day of March, 1885, in the sixty-ninth year of his age. 

At Smithfield, Isle of Wight county, Virginia, on October 10, 1866, 
the subject of this sketch married Miss Loulie J. Langhome, the 
daughter of the Rev. Maurice J. Langhome. This most estimable lady 
died at her husband's residence at Burkeville, Virginia, on October 2, 
1885, in the forty-first year of her age, leaving four children : Loulie L., 
Bessie D., Willie E. and Melissa V. 

In his boyhood Mr. Gaines attended the schools of his native county * 
in 1861 commenced an a<;ademic course in the county of Halifax, Vir- 
ginia. Hostilities commencing between the States at this period, he 
enlisted in April, 1861, a member of the Charlotte Rifles, 18th Virginia 
Regiment, afterwards a part of the famous Pickett's Division of the 
Confederate States Army. He was engaged in nearly all of the battles 
fought by the Army of Northern Virginia, commencing with the first 
battle of Manassas ; receiving promotion to adjutant of Manly's Bat- 
talion of field Artillery ; surrendering with the C. S. Army in May, 1865. 
Immediately after the close of war Mr. Gaines engaged in mercantile 
pursuits and has been successful in the business of dealer in leaf tobacco 
in which business he is now engaged. 

Mr. Gaines owns a beautiful home in the town of Burkeville, Nottow^ay 
county, Virginia. He has served his people four years as mayor, and 
is now president of the only bank in his town ; was elected a member of 
the Virginia Senate in 1883; in 1885 was the nominee of his party for 
president of that body ; was elected in 1886 by a majority of 8475 to a 
seat in the 50th Congress of the United States, in which body he now 
represents the 4th district of Virginia. 


Bom at Nottoway C. H., on August 28,1847, is the son of B. B. Jack- 
son, born in Amelia county, Virginia, died in August, 1876, aged 
sixty-seven years, and Louisa (Dyson) Jackson, born in Nottoway 
county, died in 1867. The Jackson family of which he is the 
representative was founded in America by three brothers who came 
from England to the Virginia colony at an early day. Lyndhurst 
Jackson, elder brother of Herman, was a soldier of the 3d Va. Cav. 
under Fitz Hugh Lee in the late war, serving from the b^inning until 
captured the day before the surrender. He was taken a prisoner to 
Point Lookout, and died there, from the effects of measles. Herman 
Jackson has always lived in the county of his birth, receiving the usual 
education of the schools of the county, and also attending the Nottoway 


Academy. His home was with his father until the death of the latter. 
He married, at Nottoway C. H., September 1, 1880, Lizzie Massenburg 
Dillard, of Sussex county, Virginia. They have one son, Herman 
Massenburg, and one daughter, Lizzie Dillard. Mrs. Jackson's father 
was R. F. Dillard, born in Sussex county, Virginia, died in 1876. Her 
mother, whose maiden name was Martha Virginia Massenburg, is now 
living in Nottoway county. Since June 2, 1879, Herman Jackson has 
been filling the office of clerk of courts of Nottoway county. 
Residence : Nottoway C. H. 



John Mann, bom in Chesterfield county, Virginia, died in August, 
1843, and Mary Hunter Bowers, still living, are the parents of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. He was born at Williamsburg, Virginia, on July 
31, 1843, and the first five or six years of his school life he attended 
school in WiUiamsburg. Aften\'ard he attended school in Brownsburg, 
Virginia, then studied law without any assistance and obtained license 
to practice. He entered the Confederate States Army in June, 1861, a 
private in Company E,12th regiment Virginia Volunteers, the regiment 
serving in Mahone's division. In 1863 he was taken prisoner and 
escaped, and in the same year he was discharged to take charge of the 
clerk's office in Nottoway, as deputy clerk. In 1864 he was elected clerk 
of the circuit court of Dinwiddie county; in 1865 was Commonwealth 
attorney in Nottoway county; in 1872 wa« elected judge of same 
county, which office he is still ably filling. His father was clerk of James 
City county for a number of years, with office at Williamsburg. The 
first wife of Judge Mann was Sallie Fitzgerald, who died on November 
2, 1882. He married secondly at Petei-sburg, Etta, daughter of Hon. 
Alexander and Anna (Wilson) Dorinan, of Petersburg. They have one 
son, Stuart Donnan. Residence, Nottoway C. H. 


Son of Charles A. Morton, was born at Charlotte C. H.. Virginia, on 
March 3, 1846. His father was born in Farmville, Virginia, and lives 
now near Farmville. His mother, Paulina L. Morton, died on Septem- 
ber 7, 1883, aged sixty-three years. At Wilson C. H., North Carolina, 
February 21, 1868, he married Emma, daughter of Henry T. and Sarah 
F. (Laube) Pairo. Her father, born in Washington, D. C, living now 
in Baltimore, Maryland, was a resident of Richmond, Virginia, at the 
time of her birth. Her mother died on July 5, 1872, aged sixty years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Morton have six children living, two deceased. The first- 


bom were twin daughters, Emma P. and Lena C. Lena died on June 6, 
1872. A son, Thomas E., died on November 3, 1882. The other 
children are: Robert L., Josie K., John M., jr., Sadie A., and Helen P. 
Mr. Morton attended school in Farmville, Virginia, and the Virginia 
Military Institute, Lexington, where he graduate. At the age of 
eighteen years, in March, 1864, he entered the Confederate States Army, 
in Martin's Battery, in which he served until the surrender at Appomat- 
tox C. H. 

He studied law under Prof. Stephen 0. Southall, and has been in prac- 
tice in Prince Edward and Nottoway counties. He was mayor of 
Burkeville 1881-3, was elected Commonwealth attorney in May, 1883, 
and again in 1887, and is still serving. Residence, Burkeville. 


The Wilson family were early seated in Nottoway county, Charles 
Wilson, great grandfather of Charles Everett, having been among the 
earliest settlers in this section of Virginia. His son John Wilson, bom 
in Nottoway county, was the father of Charles R. Wilson, also bom in 
this county, and now living here aged sixty-eight years, the father of 
Charles Everett, who was born at Wellville, on March 11, 1853. The 
wife of Charles R. Wilson was Annie L. Jones, who died in 1858. 
Charles Everett Wilson married, at Petoskey, Michigan, on January 24, 
1884, Mary Helen Rice, who was born in Lewis county. New York. She 
is the daughter of B. Blair Rice and Isabella Livingston Rice, formerly of 
New York, now living at Petoskey, Michigan. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson 
have one son, Richard Blair, born December 20, 1885. 

Mr. Wilson attended school near Wellville for five years, and lived 
with his father until twenty years of age, when he went into the service 
of Norfolk & Western Railroad Company, a« station agent. In this 
service he continued for six years, or until 1879. In 1877 he o]>ened a 
mercantile business at Nottoway, which he successfully conduct-ed until 
1887. He was elected treasurer of Nottoway county in 1883, and 
re-elected in 1887, and is still serving. He is a stock-holder and director 
in the Burkeville Savings Bank. In 1883 wa« postmaster at Notto- 
way, which position he resigned to accept the county treasuryship. 
Residence, Nottoway C. H. 



Dr. John Arrington, born in North Carolina in 1800, died in AprU, 
1878, and Martha, his wife, nee Westray, born in North Carolina in 
1805, died in January, 1847, were the parents of the subject of this 


sketch. He was bom in North Carolina, January 3, 1833, and was 
married at Warrenton, that State, Bettie J. Plummer becoming his 
wife on November 2, 1853. She was bom in North Carolina, the 
daughter of Dr. Henry L. Plummer, who wa« bom in that State on 
January 1, 1798, and died in February, 1864. Her mother was Sallie 
Falkner, bom in North Carolina, died in 1845, aged forty years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Arrington have buried five children: Sallie F., John, Henry 
L., Austin P. and Alfred W. Their living children are named : Martha 
S., William P., Richard T., jr., Kemp P., Samuel W., Herbert, Ivy L. 
Mr. Arlington's earliest schooling was received in Franklin county. 
North Carolina, and he was graduated at the University of North 
Carolina, in 1853. He then engagefl in mercantile pursuits which he 
followed until 1862. In February, 1864, he entered Company E, 1st 
North Carolina Cavalry, C. S. A. He received promotion to quarter- 
master sergeant, and served till the close of the war. After the war he 
resumed business in Warrenton, North Carolina, but in July, 1867, 
removed to Petersburg, where he has since been a member of the firm 
of John Arrington & Sons, grocers and commission merchants; 
specialties; cotton, tobacco, and peanuts. The Richmond House of 
this firm is well and favorably known : Arringtons & Scott. 


Was born in Petersburg on June 4, 1842. He went to school at the 
Pet4^rsburg institute, and in 1859 engaged with his father in the tobacco 
business. He entered the Confederate Army in April, 1861, lieutenant 
Company D, 12th Virginia Infantry. In 1862 he resigned and later 
again enlisted, this time in the cavalry service. Company B, 13th Vir- 
ginia regiment. After the war he went to Louisville, Kentucky, and 
was in the tobacco business there for a year, then I'eturned to Peters- 
burg, where he ha« continued in the same business to the present time. 
His father, William H. Beasley, was born in Petersburg, and died in 
July, 1874, aged sixty-three years. His mother, whose maiden name 
was Ann J. Bragg, is still living in Petersburg. His wife, whom he mar- 
ried March 25, 1864, is Mary J. Hill, born in Dinwiddle county, the 
daughter of Green Hill, who died in 1865, aged sixty years. Her mother, 
also now deceased, was Mary Eldredge, a descendant of Pocahontas. 
Mr. and Mrs. Beasley have three sons: Edwin H., Percy and Hill, and 
one daughter, Mary E. 


Judge Bernard was born in Petersburg, on May 11, 1840. His 
parents, both now deceased, were Virginians, his father, David Meade 
Bernard, bom in King George county, and his mother, Sallie A. Feild, 


born in Brunswick county. His marriage was solemnized in Brunswick 
county, on December 21, 1870, by Revs. J. H. Morrison and 0. A. 
Glazebrook, and his wife is Lutie B., daughter of Dr. Edward A. Mor- 
rison. She was bom in Brunswick county, August 2, 1854. Dr. Mor- 
rison, her father, was bom in Lunenberg county, Virginia, and is now 
deceased. Her mother, whose maiden name was Lucia B. Hackley. has 
been dead some years. The children of Judge and Mrs. Bernard are : 
Lutie M., Sallie F., Mary M., Willie M. (deceased), David M. and Rich- 

Judge Bemard went to school in Petersburg until 1857, and then was 
sent to Hampden-Sidney College, where he was graduated in 1860. He 
entered the Confederate States Army in May, 1851 , private in Company 
E, 12th Virginia Infantry, was transferred to 10th Virginia (Cavalry in 
1864, and served through the war; was wounded on March 31, 1865, 
near Dinwiddie C. H., and captured at Richmond, at the time of the 
evacuation. After the war he returned to his home in Orange, studied 
law, and was admitted to the bar in Brunswick county in May, 1866. 
He practiced in that and adjoining couuties until 1881, when he 
removed to Petersburg, where he was in practice until January, 1886, 
when he entered upon the duties of Judge of the Hustings Court of 
Petersburg, which position he is still filling. 


The subject of this sketch was bom August 27, 1837, in the county 
of Culpeper, Virginia, his father being David M. Bernard, for many 
years the clerk of the corporation court of Petersburg, and his mother 
Elizabeth M. Bernard, a daughter of Wm. Ashby of Culp)eper county. 
The families of both parents are of English origin and have resided in 
Virginia for many generations. 

In 1855 Mr. Bernard entered the University of Virginia, and was a 
student there for two years. Leaving college in 1857, he taught school 
in the county of Essex, Virginia, for nine months. In 1859 he was 
admitted to the Bar in the city of Petersburg. Upon the breaking out 
of the late war he entered the military service and served as a member 
of the 12th Virginia Infantry, C. S. A. At the battle of Crampton Gap, 
Maryland, September 14, 1862, hewas severely wounded and captured, 
and at the battle of Hatcher^sRun, February 6, 1865, he was slightly 

For several months immediately after the close of the war, Mr. 
Bernard wa« connected with the Petersburg Z>ai7j^&preas as a reporter. 
This position, however, in December, 1865, he gave up and devoted 
himself exclusively to his profession, which he ha<s since actively pursued. 


During the last few years he has worthily filled several positions of 
public trust. Between 1870 and 1879 he was for several years a member 
of the city school board of Petersburg. From 1877 to 1879 he was one 
of the delegates representing the city of Petersburg in the legislature. 
Whilst a member of the General Assembly he took a prominent part in 
its proceedings, originating and successfully carrying through several 
important a^ts of legislation, among them the law requiring insurance 
companies to print the restrictive provisions in their policies in large 
type. For his services in this matter he was complimented by a caricature 
in an insurance journal, no mean tribute to the merits of the law, which, 
though popular with the policy holders, was at that time very 
objectionable to the insurance companies. 

During the last ten years Mr. Bernard has frequently written for the 
press. In 1885 he published a pamphlet entitled ** Ciy'ii Service Reform 
V8. The Spoils System,'^ which has been widely read and very favorably 

In June, 1870, the subject of this sketch married Fanny Rutherfoord. 
a daughter of the late Sanj'lJ. Rutherfoord, of Richmond, Virginia, and 
a niece of Gov. John Rutherfoord, a sketch of whom is given in the first 
volume of this work. The issue of their marriage are five children : 
Fanny R., Kate E., Janet M., Ella A., and George S. 


Was bom in Lunenburg county, Virginia, on February 28, 1835, the 
son of John Stith Boiling and Mary T. Boiling, nee Irby. His mother 
died in 1877, and his father died June 15, 1888, aged eighty years. On 
May 9, 1860, General Boiling married Cornelia Scott Forrest, who was 
bom in Nottoway county, Virginia. Their children are four: Mary 
E., Cornelia I., Jesse S. and Stith F. The subject of this sketch attended 
the Laurel Hill school, Lunenburg county, and took an academic 
course, Mt. Lebanon Academy. He farmed until 1858, then engaged in 
merchandising in Richmond till the opening of the war. He entered the 
Confederate Army in April, 1861, Company G, 9th Virginia Cavalry, 
and was promoted first sergeant, lieutenant, captain. In 1863 he was 
appointed acting assistant adjutant general, staff of Gen. W. H. F. Lee. 
Although T3ix times wounded he served till the close of the war. His 
wounds were received : First, near Culpeper C. H.; second, near Green 
House; third, at Morton 'rf Ford; fourth, at Guinea Station; fifth, near 
Petersburg; sixth, at Gaines Mills. 

He returned to Lunenburg county after the war and farmed until 
1869, in which year he was elected to the Virginia legislature from 
Lunenburg county. He was re-elected in 1872 and served until 1874. 


Governor Kemper then appointed him tobacco inspector for Virginia, 
in which position he served until 1880. He was then appointed post- 
master at Petersburg and filled that office a little over four years. He 
is now connected with the Oaks Warehouse Co., tobacco, Petersburg. 
General Boiling has also 8erve<l as president of the Lunatic asylum 
board, and president of the board of education, Petersburg. 


Thoma« Burgess, a member of an old and highly respectable family 
in England, came to this country in 1640, locating in Rhode Island. 
He was principally noted for benevolence and charity, richly earning 
the title of ** Goodman " Burgess. Among his earliest descendants may 
be mentioned George Burgess, I). D., Bishop of Maine, and the famous 
Tristam Burgess, the "Eagle Eye*' of Rhode Island, one of America's 
greatest orators, the opponent of Randolph in many a contest in the 
Halls of Congress and one name will ever stand high on the 
tablet^of fame in his native State. A portion of the family moved to 
Connecticut, where, in 1800, William Burgess was born. At six years 
of age, he moved with his parents to Central New York, locating in Her- 
kimer county, where he grew to manhood, marrying in his nineteenth 
year Lois Harding, members of whose family had already moved to 
Kentucky; and in time connecting their name indissolubly with the his- 
tory of that State. They raised a lai-ge family, seven sons living to 
manhood. In 1852, he with his wife and sons I^ewis and Rush moved 
to Virginia, where he became interested in budding the plank road from 
Petersburg to Boyd ton, purchasing fi*om Mrs. Goodwyn a large 
plantation on Hatcher's Run, and erecting thei'eon large grist and saw 
mills, his sons Clark and John moving down shortl^^ after their comple- 
tion and uniting with him in business. These mills together with all 
other buildings were totally destroyed during the war, and the 
land torn up and rendered almost valueless by forts, breastworks, 
etc., for it was here that the *'Battle of Hatcher's Run,'' or " Burgess' 
Mill," was fought. At the close of the war his son Clark rebuilt the 
place and restored it to it« former usefulness. Here they sp)ent nearly 
all the remaining years of their long lives ; they now rest with thefr 
sons, David, William, John and Lewis (who was killed in battle), in old 
Blanford Cemetery. 

Clark Burgess was bom in Herkimer county, New York, June 1, 1827; 
in his twenty-third year was married to Gertrude A. Walker, of the 
same county. He engaged in agriculture for a brief period, sold out, 
and moving to Richfield Springs, opened a general merchandise store, 
having business in Virginia at the same time. The war coming on, he 


remained at Richfield Springs and Herkimer until the close, when he 
discontinued business at the North, and moved his family to Virginia, 
where he rebuilt the old place on Hatcher's Run, and still lives enjoying 
the confidence and esteem of all who know him. 

Thomas Jay Burgess, son of Clark Burgess, and his wife, Emily A., 
was bom in Herkimer county, New York, August 12, 1854. His early 
childhood was spent at the North and in Virginia, where after the war 
he removed with his parents, living with them until his twenty-fourth 
year, on the old place at Hatcher's Run. Becoming tired of country life 
he determined to study dentistry. Commencing with Dr. Sherman, 
near Petersburg, but remaining only a short time with him, he then 
went to Fredericksburg, Vii-ginia, as a student of Dr. Jas. F. Thompson ; 
from there, after a short time spent at home, he went to Saginaw City, 
Michigan, and engaged work in the office of Dr. W. P. Morgan. During 
his stay in Michigan, he took one year's course at the Dental School of 
the University, and the next year gracluated at the Philadelphia Dental 
College. He commenced practice in Petersburg, Virginia, May 1, 1882, 
and has been very successful, enjoying a large and lucrative practice. 
He was married on the 4th of January, 1888, to Mary Stuart Moore, 
daughter of the late Dr. Jno. R. Moore, of Ringwood, North Carolina, 
Rev. Matthew H. Moore, a brother of the bride, officiating. 


The subject of this sketch, a resident of Petersburg since 1855, was 
bom in Scotland, the son of Alexander Cameron, who was born in 
Scotland and died there in 1839, and the grandson of Alexander 
Cameron, also of Scotland. He attended school both in Scotland and 
in Petersburg, coming to the United States first in 1 840, returning to 
Scotland in 1850, and coming back to the United States again in 1855, 
when he settled in Petersburg permanently. He went at once into the 
manufacture of tobacco there, with the late David Dunlop, with whom 
he remained until, in 1858, he with his brother William went into the 
same business on their own account, and have continued ever since. 
Mr. Cameron went into the Confederate States Army as a British 
subject, and did duty almost continuously around Petersburg. He was 
made prisoner June 9, 1864, and sent to Point Lookout, thence to 
Elmira, New York; was held until paroled in November, 1864, return- 
ing home then, and never exchanged; remained in Petersburg during 
the evacuation of that place by General I^ee. The firm of Wm. Cameron 
& Bro. manufacture tobacco exclusively for export, shipping to 
Australia, India and England, employing about 600 hands, and 
manufacturing about 2,000,000 pounds per annum. 


Mr. Cameron has been twice married, his first wife, Helen Elizabeth 
Dunn, who died on November 7, 1884, leaving issue: Alexander, Ella, 
George, William and Helen. He married second wife, Delia Pegram, at 
Richmond, Virginia, July 19, 1886. 


Is a native of Surry county, Virginia, bom January 25, 1835, the son 
of Thomas and Hannah Davis, both now deceased. His father, born 
in Surry county, died in 1839, aged thirty-nine years. His mother died 
in 1858, aged fifty-one years. At Petersburg, September 7, 1858, he 
married Emily Roper, of Petersburg, and they have nine children: 
Roper, H. C, jr., Emily A., F. Eugene, jr., Thomas M., Marie L., Robert 
W., Lena B.and Franklin. Mrs. Davis is the daughter of Leroy Roper, 
who dieii in 1885, aged seventy-six years. Her mother was Emily 
Bartlett, died in 1883, aged sixty-seven years. 

Mr. Davis went to school in Surry county, finishing with an academic 
course.- In 1853 he removed to Petersburg and clerked for a jobbing 
house four years. In 1857 he began business for himself, under the flrqi 
style of Davis, Derring & Co., wholesale grocers. The following ^''ear 
the firm changed to Davis, Roper & Co., and since 1884 the firm has 
been, as now is, Davis & Co. During the war Mr. Davis performed local 
duty with the Petersburg troops. He was two years a member of the 
city council, and declined re-election. During his membership of the 
council he was chairman of the relief committee for assisting soldiers' 
families, and one of the surrenderers of the city to General Grant, after 
the Confederate forces had vacated. 


Was born in Norfolk county, Virginia, on February 5, 1845, the son of 
Williams T. Davis, who was born in Gloucester county, Virginia, 
February 6, 1817, and died July 17, 1888. His mother, born in West- 
moreland county, Virginia, in 1815, died January 21, 1851, was 
Elizabeth T. C. Beale. His wife, born in Lynchburg, Virginia, is Nannie 
W., daughter of Charles H. Hall who was born in North Carolina, and 
died in August, 1872. Her mother was Annie S. Duffey, bom in 
Alexandria, Virginia, now living in Petersburg. Richard B., first-born 
of the children of Mr. and Mrs. Davis, died in 1877. Their remaining 
children are: Nannie H., Charles H., Robert B. and John W. 

At the age of seventeen years, in May, 1862, Mr. Davis entered the 
Confederate States Army, Company E, 12th Virginia Infantry, with 
which he served until the close at Appomattox. He was slightly 


wounded in the battle of Seven Pines, and again wounded at Petersburg 
(battle of the Crater). Returning home he resumed his studies, and 
took the academic course in the University of Virginia, then studied 
law in the same university, und was graduated in June, 1870. He 
settled in Petersburg, and has since been engaged in practice in that 
city and adjoining counties. He was a member of Virginia legislature 
from Petersburg in 1875-77. 


Bom in Greenville county, Virginia, July 18, 1881, is the son of The- 
ophilus A. Feild, who was born in Brunswick county, Virginia, and died 
in 1857, and Jane Wyatt, also now deceased. Theophilus A. Feild wa« 
a son of Dr. Richard Feild, also of Brunswick county. At Washington, 
D. C, May 17, 1852, Rev. Horace Stringfellow officiating, Everard M. 
Feild married Maria Louisa Fox. She was the daughter of p. Moylan 
Fox, now deceased, and Louisa Linton, and wa43 born in Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania, September 15, 1836. Mrs. Feild died at her husband's 
residence in Petersburg, on August 3, 1884. Their chidren were eleven, 
bom in the order nameti : Fannie B., Edward W. (died January, 1857), 
Jessie V., Louisa L., Everard M., Theophilus A., Hubbard M., Mary C. 
and Lizzie F., twins, Henry B., Moylan C. 

Colonel Feild went to school in Greenville county, Sussex county, and 
at Peteraburg. He left school at the age of sixteen years, and went 
into the wholesale grocery business, in which he continued until his 
marriage. He then went to Greenville county, where he farmed until 
the war. He entered the Confederate States Army as captain of Com- 
pany F, 1 2th Virginia Infantry, which regiment was a>ssigned to Ma- 
hone's brigade. In 1862 he was made major of the regiment ; in 1863 
was promoted lieutenant colonel, and at battle of the Crater, 1864, 
was promoted colonel. He was slightly wounded in second battle of 
the Wilderness, while in command of Mahone's brigade sharpshooters, 
and severely wounded at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, 1864. He 
served tiU the close of the war, and was in battles of Seven Pines, 
Sharpsburg, and second Wilderness ; commanded regiment in battles of 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsvile, Gettysburg, Culpeper C. H., Spottsyl- 
vania C. H., Mine Run and several others. 

After the close of the war Colonel Feild returned to Greenville county, 
where he farmed until 1870, when he came to Petersburg sls express 
agent for the A. M. & Ohio R. R., with which company he remained until, 
in 1885, he accepted his present position, deputy collector of United 
States Internal Plevenue ; service at Petersburg. 



Is a son of Dr. John A. Feild, who was bom in Brunswick county, Vir- 
ginia, was long an honored resident of that county, and is now 
deceased. His mother, whose maiden name was Mary H. Boiling, died 
on Christmas day, 1861. He was born in Brunswick county, on May 
15, 1837. At the outbreak of the war between the States, he entered 
the Confederate States Army, and received acommission, in April, 1861, 
as second lieutenant of Company I, 3d Virginia Cavalry. He received 
subsequent promotion to captain, then to lieutenant-c^olonel, 
and served till the close of the war, wounded at Halls Shop, Virginia, 
and again at Five Forks. 

At Petersburg, October 24, 1877, Colonel Feild married Mary H.Har- 
grave, and they have three children, John C, Mary P. and William M., 
jr. Mrs. Feild was born in Dinwiddle county, the daughter of Col. 
Charles Hargrave, now deceased. Her mother, whose maiden name was 
Mary Hillsman, is living at Greenville, Kentucky. Colonel Feild is pro- 
prietor of a tobacco warehouse, and has l>een treasurer of Dinwiddie 
county for seventeen years, ever since the office was created. 


Whose home has been in Petersburg since he wa« six years of age, was 
born at Williamsboro, Granville county, North Carolina, on March 18, 
1851 . He is the son of Robert A. Hamilton, who was bom in Granville 
county, North Carolina, and is living now in Petersburg, and whose 
father was Patrick Hamilton, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland. Patrick 
Hamilton married after coming to America, a Miss Baskervill, of 
Mecklenburg county, Virginia, settled in Granville county. North Caro- 
lina, and died there at the age of sixty-five years. The mother of 
Alexander, who died in 1864, at age of thirty-six years, was Sarah 
Caroline, daughter of Nathaniel Alexander, of Mecklenburg county, 
Virginia, who married a Miss Alexa^nder, his cousin. Robert P. Hamil- 
ton, brother of Alexander, was a lieutenant in the Confederate States 
Army, at age of seventeen years, and was captured at Farmville, on 
the retreat to Appomattox C. H. 

The first wife of Alexander Hamilton was Mary Stewart Donnan,who 
died leaving issue one son, Alexander Donnan Hamilton. Secondly, 
Mr. Hamilton married Kate McGehee Venable, who died leaving him 
one daughter. Bet tie Venable Hamilton. At Petersburg he married 
Helen Leslie McGill, of that city, and they have two daughters: Helen 
McGill and Sarah Alexander Hamilton. 

Robert A. Hamilton, sr., came to Petersburg in 1857, and Alexander 
attended schools there until October, 1864. He then attended the 


"Belmont School" of Ralph Graves in Granville, North Carolina, for 
three years, then the school of W. Gordon McCabe in Petersburg one 
year. In September, 1868, he went to the Virginia Military Institute, 
and was graduated there in July, 1871. He was then appointed assist- 
ant professor of that Institute, of Latin and Tactics, and so served 
until July, 1873. He also, during the years 1872-3, took the law 
course at Washington and Lee University, under Hon. J. Randolph 
Tucker and Judge John W. Brockenborough, and was graduated with 
the degree of Bachelor of Law in July, 1873. He then practiced law 
eight months in Richmond, Virginia, since then has been in practice in 
Petersburg, in which he still continues. 


Bom at Mt. Airy, Prince George county, Virginia, October 5, 1826, is 
a son of Dr. Nathaniel Harrison, who was a son of Benjamin Harrison, 
of Puddle Dock, Prince George county, Virginia. The last named was 
bom at Mt. Airy, October 12, 1795, and died at Puddle Dock, in Feb- 
ruary, 1845. The maternal grandfather of the subject of this sketch 
was Greorge Minge, of Charles City, Virginia, born in Wales. His wife is 
Jane B., daughter of James and Ann (Ritchie) Smith, both bom in Scot- 
land. She was bom in Petersburg, and there became the wife of Mr. Har- 
rison, Rev. John Miller uniting them, on May 25, 1869. Their children 
are three: Annie C, Benjamin, jr., and James N. 

Mr. Harrison went to school in Sussex county, Virginia, until 1840; 
then moved to Cabin Point, and lived there a year ; then to Prince 
George county, and from there, early in 1842, to Petersburg, which has 
since been his home. Until 1850, he was connected with the post-office - 
department, and was engaged in mercantile pursuits from 1850 till the 
war. After the war was cashier of the Citizens Bank until December, 
1887, and since that time has l3een engaged in the insurance business, 
office 106 Sycamore street. He entered the Confederate States Army on 
April 19, 1861, private in Company C, 12th Virginia Infantry, and was 
promoted to quartermaster's sergeant ; then made commissary of the 
regiment, with the rank of captain. 


There was one '^Master John Harrison^* who was a colonial governor 
of Virginia, in the year sixteen hundred and twenty-three (1623) 
(Smith's Historj' of Virginia) elected by the ('olonists to the place of 
the governor sent out, who died during the year. The families of 
Berkely and Brandon are descended from him. 


Benjamin Hnrrison (Hon.) of Surry county, bom in South wark Par- 
ish, in that county, in the.year sixteen hundred and forty-five (1645) 
and who died 1713. His tombstone is at Cabin Point Chapel, and 
his will recorded at Surry C. H. He is called " Hon. Benjamin Harrison, 
Esq.," on his tombstone. Benjamin had three sons and one daughter. 
Benjamin the eldest settled at Berkely, in the county of Charles City, 
and married Elizabeth, daughter of Lewis Burwell, of Gloucester county, 
by whom he had one son, Benjamin, and one daughter, Elizabeth. He 
died at the age of thirty-seven in the year 1710. His tombstone and 
that of his wife may be seen at Westover burying ground. 

Bei^JHtnin married Anne, daughter of Robert Carter, of Carotoman, 
commonly called ** King Carter." He and two of liis daughters were 
killed at Berkely by lightning. 

Benjamin, his eldest son, was one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. Of the remaining sons, Nathaniel settled in Prince 
George county ; Henry in Surry ; Robert in Charles City. Charles was a 
general of Cavalry in the Revolutionary war; CaH^er in Cumberland 
county, at Clifton ; Benjamin the signer, married Miss Bassitt, and by 
her had three (3) sons : Benjamin, Carter Bassit, and William Henry, a 
general of 181 2, and afterwards President of the United States. The 
daughters married, David Copeland, John Minge, Dr. Richmon, and 
the fourth twice, first Peyton Randolph, and second. Captain Singleton. 

Benjamin Ji-^s Son Nathaniel^ settled at Wakefield, in Surry county. 
Nathaniel, of Wakefield, Surry county, married Wilmuth Munford, and 
by her had one son, whose name was Benjamin Munford ; his mother 
and father died before he was seven years of age, when Wm. Allen was 
appointed his gimrdian. 

Benjamin Munford Harrison was born in New Kent county, at the 
residence of his maternal grandmother, November 17, 1788, and mar- 
ried Agnes Atkinson, of May field, who died without issue; his second 
marriage wa« to Dolly Pleasants Gray Briggs Carter Nicholas, of Nor- 
bome, in the county of Dinwiddie, Virginia. Dolly (Benjamin Mun- 
ford 's wife), was a daughter of Robert Carter Nicholas, of Norbome, 
Dinwiddie county, and granddaughter of Col. John Nicholas, who mar- 
ried Dolly Pleasants Briggs, daughter of Gray Briggs, of *<Coman8 
Well," Surry county. Benjamin Munford, by Dolly P. Nicholas, had 
two sons and two daughters, to wit: Nathaniel Cole, John Nicholas, 
Agnes Atkinson, and Ann Eliza Carter. 

Nathaniel Cole Harrison y was bom at "Cat-tails," Amelia county, 
Virginia, in the year 1820, March 28th, and died September 28, 1887, 
at Petersburg, Virginia. He married Elizabeth I^igh Drinkard, by 
whom he had one son and two daughters, to wit : William Henry, Mary 
Heth. and Wilmuth Munford Harrison. 


William Henry Harrison, was bom at Petersburg, Virginia, December 
30, 1843, and attended school in Petersburg. He entered the Confed- 
erate States Army when a little over eighteen years of age, in March, 
1862, in Company A, 12th Virginia Regiment. He was captured 
October 27, 1864, at Burgess* Mill, and held at Point Lookout until 
March 8, 1865. Among the battles in which he took part, are — Seven 
Pines, Fraziers Farm, Falling Creek, Drewrys Bluff, Fredericksburg, 
Second Manassas, Crampton Gap (Antietam), Cold Harbor, Spottsyl- 
vania, Petersburg, Crater, Reem's Station, Farmville; and surrendered 
at Appomattox Court House. From 1872 to 1880 he was Commission- 
er of Revenue for Petersburg. He is now engaged in business in Peters- 
burg as dealer in carriages, buggies, wagons, and manufacturer of 
harness, saddles, etc. In this city, October 27, 1875, he married Rosa 
West, of Richm6nd, Virginia; she is the daughter of Greorge Mont- 
gomery West, who was bom at Concord, New Hampshire, and who 
died in 1860. Her mother, Evlyn Quarles, was bom in Richmond, 
Virginia, died in 1858. John West Harrison, first-born of the cliildren 
of Mr. and Mrs. Harrison, is no longer living. Their remaining children 
are: Ann Elizabeth Harrison (Elise), William Henry Harrison, jr., 
George West Harrison, Nathaniel Cole Harrison, jr., and Helen West 


Was born in Sussex county, Virginia, on October 29, 1849. He at- 
tended the schools of his native county, remaining with his parents un- 
til 1866. He then clerked in J. B. Jarratt's general store for six years, 
and in 1872 went to Halifax, North Carolina, and kept books four years 
for R. P. Spiers. In 1876 he began business for himself, carrying on a 
general store at Comans Well, Sussex county, Virginia, two years, then 
removing, in 1878, to Petersburg, and opening up business as grocer 
and commission merchant, with R. B. Hartley, the firm style and name 
being E. A. Hartley & Bro. Mr. Hartley owns two stores in Sussex 
county, one at Stony Creek and one at Jarratts ; and another store in 
Greenville county, at Belfield. 

His father, William J. Hartley, died in August, 1863, aged forty-five 
years, and his mother is Martha E. (Gary) Hartley, living still in Sus- 
sex county. In Petersburg, May 10, 1876, he marrieil S. L., daughter 
of T. L. Johnson, who died in 1875, and Mary A. Bishop, who died in 
1879. Irving J., Mary L., Letae and Florrie are the children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Hartley. 



Born in Nottoway county, Virginia, in 1820, is a son of Merewether 
Hurt, who was bom in Lunenburg county, was a resident of Virginia 
through life, and is now deceased. His mother, wliose maiden name was 
Amy Ann Morgan, has been some years dead. In Brunswick county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1865, he married Julia E. Stith,and their children are two sons, 
Pelham and Samuel J., jr. Mrs. Hurt was bom in Brunswick county, 
in 1839, the daughter of Needham Washington Stith, now deceased. 
The subject of this sketch went to school in early days in his native 
county, then was two years in the dry goods business with L. L. 
Parsons, of Petersburg, when about sixteen years old. Subsequently 
he returned to school, in Dinwiddie county, attended Jefferson Academy, 
and prepared himself for the practice of medicine. Abandoning that 
idea, he returned to Petersburg and entered into the grocery and 
commission business, in which he continued until the civil war. 

He entered the Confederate service in 1861, with the Petersburg 
Cavalry, volunteers to the State service, and was made company 
quartermaster, the company going to Norfolk. Soon after he was 
detached, and made post quartermaster at Suffolk, where he remained 
until the evacuation ; was then transferred to the commissary depart- 
ment and served in same till the close of the war. He then returned to 
Petersburg having, as may be recorded of many whose sketches appear 
in these pages, sacrificed everything but life and honor to the cause, 
and began life again, building up a business from the foundation, 
resuming the same line he whjs engaged in before the war— groceries 
and commission. 


Nicholas Jarratt and his wife Mary, nee Brown, are the parents of 
Thomas J. Jarratt, and he was born in Sussex county, Virginia, on 
December 16, 1817. His first wife was Adaline R. May, who died leav- 
ing him four children : Martha E., died in 1858 ; George T., Walter J. 
and Gertrude M. Secondly he married, at Portsmouth, Virginia, on 
January 6, 1876, Emily E. Drummond. For many years Mr. Jarratt 
has been counted one of the substantial citizens of Petersburg, where 
he was engaged, before the war, and to the present time, in business as 
commission merchant, name and style of firm at this time being, 
T. J. Jarratt & Son. He performed duty with the Petersburg local 
troops during the war. For several years he was a member of the city 
council of Petersburg, and he was six years, 1-882-8 mayor of the city. 


R. F. JARVI8, 

Son of W. H. and Martha J. Jarvis, was born in Petersburg, on July 
10, 1847. He attended the public schools of Petersburg, and was still 
at his studies when war was inaugurated. While still a boy he went 
with his father to Norfolk, his father being then captain of Company 

D, 12th Virginia i-egiment. Later W. H. Jarvis was made major of the 
3d battalion, Virginia Reserve Forces, and R. F, entered service April 
5, 1863, as captain of Company G, that battalion, not then sixteen 
years of age. He was captured at the evacuation of Petersburg, and 
held till paroled at Point Lookout. Major Jarvis was also captured, 
above Petersburg, about the same time. The latter, bom in Dinwiddle 
county, died on November 27, 1877. The mother of R. F. Jarvis, born 
in Dinwiddle county, died June 10, 1887, aged seventy-three years. His 
wife is Mary Virginia Jarvis, bom in Dinwiddle county. They were mar- 
ried by Rev. T. T. Eaton, June 7, 1876, and have one daughter, Virgie 
L., bom March 7, 1877. 


Son of William W. Jones, sr., was born in Richmontl, Virginia, on 
September 23, 1852. His father, bom in Gloucester county, Virginia, 
died in the fall of 1860. His mother, Ann E., a daughter of Gen'l R. 

E. Dabney, was bom in Caroline county,Virginia, and is now a resident 
in Richmond. His wife, born in Petersburg, is Annie F., daughter of 
William H. Tappey, whose family record appears on another page of 
this book. They were married at Petersburg, November 12, 1884. 
Their son, Cary W., jr., was born September 11, 1885, and died on 
June 16, 1886, and they have one daughter, Lucy Dabney. 

Mr. Jones went to school in Richmond, then to the academy at 
Princeton, Kentucky, and later took a course in a business college in 
Baltimore, Maryland. During the war he was for a time clerk in the 
Windef Confederate hospital, Richmond. In 1869 he went to Norfolk, 
Virginia, where for a time he was engaged in the wholesale clothing 
business. In 1874 he was connected with the Norfolk Virginian, in 
ISlH^ith the Baltimore American, In 1881 he wrot-e and published 
the work entitled " Norfolk as a Business Center," a work of considera- 
ble note, and which gave much satisfaction, running through five 
editions. In October, 1885, he made his home in Petersburg, becoming 
senior member of the firm of Jones, Bain & Co., which was succeeded by 
the firm of Cary W. Jones &Co., manufacturers of high grade fertilizers, 
which business he is still successfully conducting. Mr. Jones is a mem- 
ber of the city council of Petersburg. His family connections by 


blood go ba€k to the familieB of Sir Francis West and Ix)rd De La Ware. 
His brother is now holding a farm in King William county which was a 
part of the family grant. 


Wa« born in Brunswick county, Virginia, on August 7, 1846. He is a 
son of Francis Fitzgerald Jones, who wa« bom in Nottoway county, 
Virginia, and who died in Brunswick county, in August. 1865. His 
mother died in that county, also, in 1856. She was Sally Green 
Thweatt, bom in Dinwiddie county. At Lawrenceville, Brunswick 
county, October 23, 1872, Revs. J. H. Morrison and O. A. Glazebrook 
officiating clergymen, Freeman W. Jones married Harriett Randolph 
Morrison, who was bom in Lawrenceville. Their children are seven : 
Lucia Hackley, Carrie Morrison, Freeman W., jr., Meade Bernard, 
Harriett R., Fanny Stewart, Sally Thweatt. Mrs. Jones is the daughter 
of Dr. E. A. Morrison, and his wife Lucia Hackley, formerly of Law- 
renceville, both now deceased. 

Mr. Jones attended the common schools of his native county for six 
years only. He entered the Confederate States Army at the age of 
seventeen years, in April, 1864, Company E, 56th Virginia Infantry, a 
regiment serving in Hunton's brigade, Pickett's division. He was 
wounded near Petersburg, August 24, 1864; was captured March 31, 

1865, and held at Point Lookout until June 14, 1865. He farmed for 
some three years after the war. At the age of twenty-three years he 
was elected sheriff of Brunswick county and in that capacity he served 
nine years, by subsequent re-elections. Then he resigned this office, to 
accept a position tendered as insp>ector of tobacco. Center Warehouse, 
Petersburg, where he has remained ever since. He is the present city 
sergeant of Petersburg, elected in May, 1888. 


The subject of this sketch was born in Petersbui-g, on February 18, 

1866. He was educated at the University school in Petersburg, and 
went to the University of Virginia, where, after graduating in several 
classical schools, he studied law under Prof. John B. Minor,- graduating 
in 1886, with degree of Bachelor of Law. He then went to live in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, where he was admitted to the Suffolk bar, and 
practiced until his return to Petersburg in the spring of 1888, when he 
was elected city attorney and has been in practice since. • 

His father is D. W. Lassiter, M. D., who was born in Northampton 
county. North Carolina, the son of William Lassiter, who was also the 
son of William Lassiter, descended from a Huguenot family who settled 


at the mouth of the Roanoke river in the early part of the 18th century. 
The Lassiter family have intermarried with the families of Daniel and 
Parker, of North Carolina. 

The mother of Francis Rives Lassiter was Anna Rives Lassiter, nee 
Heath, daughter of Hartwell P. Heath and Eliza Cureton Rives, his wife. 
The Heaths are descended from Robert Heath, who was attorney-general 
under Charles Land pat-en tee of the Carolinas, prior to the grant to the 
Lords Proprietors. The family lived in Surry and Prince George coun- 
ties, and members of it served in the Revolutionary and Mexican wars. 

The Rives people belong to the main branch of the Virginia Rives 
family, of which the Albemarle Rives family is an offshoot. The most 
distinguished of recent years have been Francis Everod Rives, great 
uncle of the subject of this sketch, who was a member of Congress and 
twice a member of the Virginia legislature, and mayor of Petersburg; 
and Timothy Rives, of Prince George county, who was called "the war 
horse of the Democracy," and who, though opposed to the late war, 
suffered severely from the Union forces. 


Was born in Mecklenburg county, Virginia, on March 12, 1833. He is 
the son of Rev. H. G. Leigh, D. D., who was bom in North Carolina, 
and who died in 1853, aged fifty-eight years. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Mary J. Crump, died in 1881, aged seventy-three 
years. His wife, whom he married at Northampton. North Carolina, 
on June 30. 1859, is Martha A., daughter of Col. John M. Moody, who 
married Martha W. Wright. Colonel Moody died in 1880, aged seventy 
years, and his widow died in 1885, aged sixty-nine years. Dr. and 
Mrs. Leigh have four children : Mary E., John Hamilton Patterson, 
Martha W. and H. G., jr. 

Dr. Leigh received his collegiate education at Randolph-Macon Col- 
lege, whence he was graduated in 1851, with degree of Master of Arts. 
He held the chair of assistant professor in this college until 1854. In 
1855 he was graduated in medicine at the New York Medical College; 
in 1854-5 studied medicine at the University of Virginia; was also, 
1856-7 assistant physician at Randalls Island Hospital. 

He had settled in practice in Petersburg when the war was inaugu- 
rated, and tendered his services to the Confederate government, 
remaining in service through the war. He was first surgeon of a 
Louisiana Regiment, then of other regiments, and in 1864-5 was 
surgeon-in-charge general hospital, Raleigh, North Carolina, rank of 
major. At the close of the war he returned to Petersburg, where he 
has been in practice ever since. He is a member of the American 


Medical Association and of the State Medical Society of Virginia. He 
holds the office of medical examiner for the Mutual Life Insurance 
Company, of New York, and other Insurance Companies, and has been 
coroner of Petersburg since 1870, still serving. 


The subject of this sketch has always lived in Petersburg, where he 
was born on December 2, 1851. His father wa« Robert Armstrong 
McKenney, born in Westmoreland county, Virginia, served in late 
war as member of the Home Guards, battalion commanded by Colonel 
F. H. Archer, participated in the famous fight at Rives farm (near 
Petersburg), June 9, 1864; died May 5, 1885, aged sixty-seven years. 
His mother was Virginia Bland, daughter of William Robertson, who 
married Anne Spots wood, a great granddaughter of Gov. Alexander 
Spotswood (see Volume I, Virginia and Virginians). December 2, 1878, 
at Georgetown, D. C, William R. McKenney married Clara J. Pickrell, 
who was bom in New Orleans, Louisiana. Their children are three: 
Anne Pickrell, William Robertson and Virginia Spotswood. Mrs. 
McKenney is the daughter of Addison Pickrell, who was bom in 
Georgetown, D. C, and died in New Orleans, Louisiana. Her mother 
wa« Justine Lockett, bom in New Orleans. 

Mr. McKenney prepared for the University of Virginia at the Univer- 
sity school of W. Gorden McCabe, Petersburg, and entered the Univer- 
sity in October, 1871. He was graduated from several of the academic 
schools, and entered the law school under teaching of Professors 
John B. Minor and Stephen O. Southall, in October, 1875. From this 
school he was graduated in June, 1876, with degree of Bachelor of Law. 
In August, 1876, he began practice in Petersburg in which he has con- 
tinued ever since. He is now president of the city council of Petersburg ; 
was the presidential elector on the Democratic ticket, for the 4th Con- 
gressional District, election of 1888. 


John Mann, Esq., attorney-at-law of Petersburg, married C. F. Ber- 
nard, and the subject of this sketch is their son, bom in Petersburg, 
December 5, 1861. He went to school in Petersburg for two years to 
Miss Virginia Friend, then to W.Gordon McCabe's University school for 
six years, then for three years attended the University of Virginia, re- 
maining in the academic department during that time. He then ftlled 
the position of teacher two years in Prof. McCabe's school, after which 
he returned to the University and took the law course for one session. 


Since that time he has been settled in practice at Petersburg, his prac- 
tice extending into adjoining counties. He married at Petersburg on 
February 24, 1886, Rev. Dr. R. C. Hains joining him in wedlock with 
Elizabeth Weldon Claiborne, of Petersburg. Their little daughter bears 
the mother's name, Elizabeth W.C. Mrs. Mann is the daughter of Dr. 
John Herbert Claiborne, of Petersburg. Her mother, who was Sarah 
Joseph Alston before marriage, is now deceased. The father of Mr. Mann 
served in the Confederate States Army during the late war. 


Louis L.,son of Grandison F. Marks, was bom in Petersburg on May 
13,1837. His father, born in Prince George county, Virginia, October 
24, 1809, died on October 13, 1887, aged seventy-two years. His 
mother, who was Sarah T. Bevill, born in Amelia bounty, Virginia, died 
in 1838. His wife is Bettie A. Southall, of Amelia county, and they 
were married in that county , on May 23, 1860, Rev. R.E.G. Adams uniting 
them. Her parents were bom in Amelia county, William D. Southali 
and Sarah Clay. Captain Marks entered the Confederate States Army 
in April, 1861, adjutant of the 12th Virginia regiment. Later he was 
promoted captain and commanded Company C, same regiment, which 
he was leading when wounded at Second Manassas. He was afterwards 
appointed captain in the quartermaster's department, and served until 
the surrender of Johnston's army at Greensboro, North Carolina. He 
is a well-known merchant of Petersburg, a member of the Board of 
Education, Sunday School superintendent and president of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of Petersburg, at the present time. 


The subject of this sket-ch was born in Prince George county, Virginia, 
on March 6, 1808. Since he was twenty years of age, he has been en- 
gaged in business in Petersburg, one of its most honored citizens. His 
father, Samuel Marks, died in 1810, and his mother, whose maiden 
name was Martha Birchett, has been many years dead. In August, 
1829, he married Sallie G. Rives, who died in 1856, aged forty-seven 
years. Their children were: William A., died in January, 1888 ; Sam- 
uel G., died at age of nineteen years; Virginia R., Frank E. and Spencer 
G. These two youngest sons serve<l through the late war, in the 
Confederate States Army. Mr. Marks married secondly, at Richmond, 
Virginia, February 3, 1853, Charlotte W. Skinner, who was bom in 
Hampton, Virginia. 

In 1823 Mr. Marks came to Petersburg to live with Mr. Peter Martin, 
the leading confectioner at that time in the city, and remained with him 


until 1828, when he commenced business for himself a« confectioner and 
fruiterer. He has followed the same almost continuously ever since, 
having now the largest wholesale business of the kind in the State. 


Son of John Quarles Moyler and Mary Thomas Vaughan, was born in 
Sussex county, Virginia, on August 26, 1841. His earliest education, 
until 1855, was received in the country schools of Sussex county. In 
1855-6 he attended the preparatory school of Col. Wm.S. Kemper, at 
Gordonsville, Virginia; in 1857-8 the preparatory school at Greenwood 
Depot, Albemarle county, kept by Rev. Wm. Dinwiddie. In 1859 read 
medicine under Dr. Wm. Briggs, of Sussex county, and attended the 
medical course, University of Virginia, sessions of 1860-1. 

Immediately on the secession of Virginia, the service of the company 
of which he was a member, Capt. Jas T. Tosh, of the University com- 
manding, was tendered the Governor, and accepted, and the company 
ordered to Harpers Ferry, but after ten days there ordered back to the 
University. Just before the close of this session Mr. Moyler left the 
University, and enrolled in the Sussex cavalry, which company was 
assigned as Company E, 13th Virginia Cavalry. He remained with this 
company until November, 1862, at which time it was stationed at 
Brandy Station, and then was detailed and ordered to Richmond, as 
resident student in the Medical College hospital. He attende<l the lec- 
tures for remainder of session, and those of the next session, and was 
graduated from this college in March , 1864. After passing examination 
before the Board of Examiners was commissioned as assistant surgeon, 
Confederate States Navy, and assigned to duty aboard the " Virginia,'' 
flag-ship of the James River squadron, Capt. R. B. Pegram command- 
ing. He remained in this service, and when Richmond was evacuated 
the squadron endeavored to join Gen. Johnston, and had reached 
Greensboro, North Carolina, where it surrendered. 

Dr. Moyler returned to his native county, and practiced medicine 
there until 1872, when hecameto Petersburg, and engaged in his present 
occupation, as insurance and real estate agent. His mother died in 1 845, 
aged forty-eight years, and his father died on May 1 7, 1848, aged fifty-two 
years. In Sussex county, December 20, 1866, Rev. J. A. Duncan, D. D., 
officiating clergyman, he married Mutie A. Owen, who was bom in 
Sussex county. She is the daughter of John Owen, now deceased, and 
Mary E. Tatum, now living in Sussex county. The children of Dr. and 
Mrs. Moyler, all living in Petersburg, ai*e six: J. Edward, Owen, 
John, Mary V., Mutie A., Harry Lee. 



Was bom in Pasquotank county, North Carolina, on September 10, 
1845. His parents now reside at Halifax, North Carolina, James Whed- 
bee Mullen, born March 19, 1809, in Pasquotank county, and Susan W. 
Clary, bom in Perquimans county. North Carolina. His paternal grand- 
parents were Joseph and Ann (Sutton) Mullen, of Pasquotank county, 
and his mother is the daughter of John Clary, of Perquimans county, 
who married Jane Pointer, of the same county. At Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, October 13, 1875, Bishop Duncan officiating clergyman, James 
M. Mullen married Evelyn A. Grigg. Their children are : James, Thomas 
Wilson, Grizzell, Clary Sutton, living, and Maud and Cornelia, now 
deceased. Mrs. Mullen was born in Petersburg, the daughter of Wesley 
Grigg, who was bom in Dinwiddie couaty, and who died in February, 
1867. Her mother was Augustina P. Wells, born in Petersburg, died 
in May, 1882, aged fifty-nine years. 

Mr. Mullen was educated in Perquimans county, North Carolina, attend- 
ing the Hertford Male Academy, then studying law under Hon. Thomas 
G. Skinner, of Hertford. He came to the Bar in January, 1869 ; com- 
menced practice in Halifax county, North Carolina, in March, 1869, 
where he remained until July, 1886, when he moved to Petersburg, which 
has been his home since that date. He still retains, however, his prac- 
tice in Halifax and Northampton counties, North Carolina, and practices 
in the courts of Petersburg and adjoining counties. 

He entered the Confederate States Army in P'ebruary, 1862, and was 
enrolled in Martin's Battery, Boggs' Battalion ( Va.) Light Artillery. In 
October, 1863, he was transferred from Martin's (Va.) Battery to 
Webb's (N. C.) Battery, same (Boggs') Battalion, where heserved until 
the battery was disbanded, latter part of April, 1865, near Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 

In 1866 he was appointed register of deeds for Perquimans county. 
North Carolina, and held the office a little over two years. At the gen- 
eral election, November, 1884, he was elected to the State Senate for 
North Carolina from Halifax county, and served one term, beginning 
January, 1885. At the municipal election for Petersburg, Virginia, held 
May 24, 1888, he was elected commonwealth attorney for said city, term 
beginning July 1, 1888, ending June 30, 1890. 


Was bom in Lunenburg county, Virginia, on July 12, 1834. He is the 
son of William Patterson, born in Ireland, died in 1837, aged fifty-one 
years, and Ann Atkinson, bom in 1798, died 1883. In Petersburg, 
April 9, 1867, he married Betty M., daughter of Edmund H. and Sara 


(Cabaniss) Osborne, both now deceased. She was bom in Petersburg, 
Aprn 30, 1841, and died on July 4th, 1872. Their children are: 
Edmund H., born April 9, 1868; Betty O., born June 20, 1872; Ann, 
died June 28, 1872. 

Captain Patterson went to various country schools in Lunenburg 
county, and completed his academic studies at Frederick, Maryland, 
entering on a mercantile business previous to the war. He entered 
the military service of the Stat<e of Virginia on April 19, 1861, sergeant 
Co. E, 12th Virginia Infantry ; was promoted lieutenant in 1861 ; captain 
in 1864. He was wounded at Cramp ton Gap, Maryland, September 14, 
1862, gun shot in right leg; was in battles of Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, 
Crampton Gap, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania C.H., second Cold Harbor, 
and many others, and surrendered at Appomattox C. H. He returned 
to Petersburg after the war, and resumed the grocery business, in which 
he continued until appointed postmaster, August 24, 1886, which office 
he is still (1888) acceptably fiUing. 


Was bom in Brunswick county, Virginia, on September 8, 1843, the 
son of Hugh L. Percivall, who also was born in Brunswick county, and 
who was the son of Joseph Percivall, a native of Scotland. The 
mother of Joseph J. was born in Brunswick county, her maiden name 
Nancy C. Rawlings. In April, 1861, Mr. Percivall entered the Confeder- 
ate States Army, and was over two years in the infantry service before 
he attained his majority. In September, 1863, he entered Company I, 
3d Virginia Cavalry, with which he served till the (?lose of the war. He 
married at Charlottesville, Virginia, November 21, 1871, Amanda O. 
Be£U3ley, who wa« born in Prince George county, Virginia. Her parents 
are Virginians, Richard R. Beasley, bom in Lunenberg county, and 
Martha E. Jones, born in Brunswick county. Mr. and Mrs. Percivall 
have lost three children: Ella N., died aged nine months; Minnie, die<l 
aged five years; Bessie B., died aged two years. Their remaining child- 
ren, bom in the order named, are: Annie B., Kate M., Hugh L., Rich- 
ard R., Amanda O., and Joseph. Mr. Percivall has been a resident for 
some years of Petersburg, and is engaged in the tobatico warehouse 


The subject of this sketch was born in Petersburg, on the 29th day 
of February, 1848. He is a son of William Irwin Prichard, who was 
bom in Greenville county, Virginia, and who died on April 30, 1883, 
age<l seventy-seven years. His mother is Mary Margaret Prichard, nee 


Hammett, living in Petersburg. At Suffolk, Virginia, Sept/einber 27, 
1870, Rev. S. V. Easter officiating, Nathan Brooks Prichard and 
Marion Blunt Riddiek were wedded. They have three children living, 
Marion McDonald, William Blunt, Nathan Riddiek, and have buried 
one daughter, Mary Claiborne. The father of Mrs. Prichard was the 
Hon. Washington L. Riddiek, who died in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 
1872, aged forty-seven years. He was a Senator in the Virginia legis- 
lature at the time of his death, and had been ably serving there for some 
years previously. Her mother, whose maiden name was Frances 
Marion Blunt, is now living at Charlotte, North Carolina, aged sixty- 
three years. 

Mr. Prichard went to school in Petersburg, until he entered the army, 
at the age of 16 years. May 5, 1864. His first service was in the local 
Petersburg troops, but in January, 1865, he volunteered for field 
service, and was in S. Taylor Mortin's battery of artillery, Army of 
Northern Virginia, from that time till the surrender at Appomattox C. 
H. He was wounded in the desperate affair at Rives farm, near Peters- 
burg, June 9, 1864. After the war, he returned to Petersburg, 
and in November, 1865, went to clerking for J. C. Riddle, then 
owner of the Basin Mills, Petersburg. In January following he was 
elected to a clerkship in office of the agency of the cotton mills, under David 
Callender. This position he resigneii in 1870 to accept clerkship with 
Davis, Roper & Co., Petersburg, with which Arm heremained until 1874. 
In the latter year he went into business for himself, and for fifteen 3^ear8 
he has continued a partner in the firm of Allen & Prichard, wholesale 
grocers. Since March, 1886, he has been a member of the building com- 
mittee of the Virginia Normal School building ; he is vice-president of 
the Chamber of Commerce of Petersburg ; trustee of the Building Loan 
Association, and vestryman of the St. Paul Church. 

Robert W. Prichard, brother of Nathan B., was born in Petersburg, 
on November 20, 1856. He attended the schools of Petersburg until 
1872, when he began clerking for J. R. Cary, crockery business; in 1874, 
went to clerking for J. B. Robertson, grocery; in 1879 went into the 
grocery business for himself, and in 1887 changed to his present busi- 
ness, housefurnishing store, as manager of the firm of Prichard & Co. 
He was marrie<l in Petersburg, November 23, 1881, and has three 
children: Robert W., jr., Herbert B. and Mattie B. His wife is Mattie 
C, daughter of the late Governor Thomas and Isabella Bragg of North 
Carolina, both now dei^eased. Mr. Prichard had four elder brothers in 
the service, C. S. A., during the late war: William B., Chas. E., severely 
wounded; John H. and Nathan B., slightly wounded. He is a vestry- 
man in Grace P. E. Church. 



Born in Petersburg, on October 31 , 1842, received his education in the 
schools of Petersburg. He entered the Confederate States military 
service in October, 1861 , Company E, 41st Virginia Infantry, private, 
promoted sergeant. He was captureci at Seven Pines, and held two 
months at Fort Delaware. After exchange he rejoined his company, 
and in 1863 he enlisted again, in Sturdivant's Light Artillery. He was 
detached to the quartermaster's department at Petersburg, where he 
served €ts harness maker till the close of the war. He then engaged in 
his present business, dealer in carriages and buggies, manufacturer of 
saddles, harness, etc. He is the son of William E. Steward, bom in 
Petersburg, died in 1859, aged foi'ty-nine years, and Jane T. Steward, 
nee Rosser, also now deceased. He married Laura E. Steward, daughter 
of Jas. M. B. Steward, and they have four children : Nellie L., Annie M., 
Powhatan M., jr., and Florence (j. 



Bom in Petersburg, Virginia, in 1837, is the son of Robert M. Sully, 
the Virginian artist, who died in 1855. His mother, Isabella Sully, nee 
Thompson, is livingnow in Richmond. Garland Thompson, her father, 
died in Richmond about 1836. Major Sully's wife, w^hom he married at 
Lynchburg, Virginia, November 17, 1868, was Elizabeth A. Williams, 
bom in Lynchburg. They have one daughter. Miss Lulia L. 
Major Sully was educated in Connecticut. In 1857 he entered the ser- 
vice of the Orange & Alexandria R. R. In 1861 he entered the Confed- 
erate army, as a private in Company A, 1 7th Virginia regiment. He 
was promoted into the engineering corps, C. S. A., rank of first lieuten- 
ant of engineers, and served until surrendered at Greensboro, North 

After the war Major Sully was in the service of the Midland R. R., as 
civil engineer. In 1873 he left that company, and was with the Rich- 
mond & Danville R. R. until 1876, when he came to the Petersburg 
R. R., as general freight agent. In 1879 he was made general superin- 
tendent of this road, which office he held until 1881, since which time 
he has been superintendent of the R. & P. and Petersburg roads. 


Is of German birth and parentage, but many years ^ resident of Vir- 
ginia. He was born near Bremen, Germany, November 7, 1819, the 
son of Frank and Henrietta Tappey, both now deceased. He came to 
the United States, to Richmond, Virginia, in July, 1836, and worked in 


the Shocoe Foundry four years, removing to Petersburg in 1840. At 
Petersburg he began business in the Iron Works, and until the war was 
most of the time senior member of the firm of Tappey & {^umsden. He 
enlisted in Capt. Fisher's Cavalry Company, C. S. A., and was detailed 
to furnish army equipments. He was captain of the detailed forces, 
and when Gra»nt tooR the Petersburg breastworks, was fighting at the 
front, at the time Mr. Lumsden and others were made prisoners. At 
the close of the war he resumed business, under the firm name and style 
of Tappey, Lumsden & Co., later firm was Tappey & Steel, and now 
(1888), it is Tappey & Delaney. Mr. Tappey h«« been forty-six years 
engaged in business on the same spot, and gives fair promise of many 
years more business activity. The firm are manufacturers of station- 
ary, portable and hoisting engines, tram road engines and car irons, 
pumps, presses, mills and mill gearing, elevators, and iron and brass 
castings, etc. 

In Richmond, Virginia, November, 1840, Rev. A. D. Pollock, D.D., 
officiating, William H. Tappey married Lucy B. Seal, of Caroline county, 
Virginia, the daughter of James and Judith Seal, both Virginians, 
and both now deceased. The issue of this marriage is four daughters : 
Emma E., Mary V., Annie F. and Lucie P. and one son, F. I., now 


Was bom in Roanoke county, Virginia, May 1 6, 1838. He was gradu- 
ated from the Virginia Military Institute in June, 1860, and attended 
the sessions of 1860-1 at the University of Virginia. He entered the 
Confederate service as captain commanding the '*Sons of Liberty," a 
volunteer company composed of students, and thoroughly trained 
before leaving the University. In this capacity, and a« aide de camp to 
Gen. R. E. Colston, he served until the close of the struggle. He married 
Ida Ragland, eldest daughter of R. Ragland, of Petersburg, January 5, 
1864, and at the close of hostilities settled in that city a« a tobacco 


The families from which Mr. Watkins is descended were Huguenots and 
in 1700 settled at Manakin Town, Virginia. He was born in Richmond, 
Virginia, on January 10,1824, the son of Stephen D. Watkins, who wa« 
born in Halifax county, Virginia, January 27, 1778, and who died on 
July 13, 1862. Thomas Watkins, father of Stephen D., was born on 
November 15, 1748, and died July 28, 1816. He married Magdaline 
Dupuy, daughter of Jno. Bartholomew Dupuy (Huguenot). The 
mother of W. Lafayette, was Sarah H., daughter of Peter Dupuy. She 


was bom January 20, 1800, and died onAugUBt 14,1864. Her father 
was born July 1, 1760, and died August 29, 1826. Her mother was 
Margaret Martin, born November 6, 1768, died July 18, 1852. 

Mr. VVatkins received a eollegiate education at William and Mary 
College, whence he was graduated on July 4, 1843. He studied law 
under Judge Thomas S. Gholson, of Petersburg, and received license to 
practice in 1846. Since that time he has followed the profession of law 
continuously, practicing in Dinwiddie and adjoining counties and 
Court of Appeals. He has been two terms (dty attorney for Petersburg, 
and six years a member of the city council. His first wife was Maria S. 
Hall, bom at Fredericksburg, Virginia, June 4, 1833, and died Septem- 
ber 21, 1864, aged thirty-one years. Their children were seven, of 
whom thei*e are living two sons: Thomas G. and John 1)., and one 
daughter, Sally H., now the wife of Dr. M. L. Wood, of Montgomery, 
Alabama. Mr. Watkins married secondly, at Petersburg, October 9, 
1866, Eliza Stringfellow, daughter of Rev. Hora<'e Stringfellow; she was 
born at Washington, D. C, on September 19, 1845. 


Was bom at "Evergreen" (the home of his Ruffin ancestors for one 
hundred and fifty years), on James river. Prince George county, Vir- 
ginia. He spent his early life in Greensboro, Hale county, Alabama, 
until August, 1871, when he came to Virginia, and concluded his educa- 
tion at Williamsburg in the following year. He began business with 
Wm. (.'ameron & Bro., tobacco manufacturers, of Petersburg, Virginia, 
in March 1873, and severed his connection with them the following 
October by their discontinuing business during the financial panic of 
that year. After farming for one year he entered the employ of I). B. 
Tennant & Co., tobacco manufacturei-s, of Petersburg, in February, 
1875, and he has continued with them, and their successor, Mr. David 
Dunlop, in the capacity of book-keeper, to the present time. 

Mr. Witherspoon is a son of Wm. Alfred Witherspoon (a hardware 
merchant of Mobile, Alabama, who died in his thirty -second year) and 
Tariffa Cocke. He is grandson of Dr. John R. Witherspoon, of Hale 
county, Alabama, who married Sophia, daughter of Gen. Joseph Gra- 
ham, of Lincoln county. North Carolina, and Isabella Davidson of the 
same county. He is great grandson of Robert Witherspoon and Isa- 
bella Heatly ; great, great grandson of James Witherspoon and Eliza- 
beth McQuoid ; gi'eat, great, great grandson of John Witherspoon, of 
Paisley (near Glasgow) Scotland, who settled in Williamsbug, South 
Carolina, in December, 1734. 

On his mother's side Mr. Witherspoon is grandson of (Commodore 
Henry Harrison Cocke, U. S. N., who married Elizabeth, daughter of 


Geoi*ge Ruffin,of "Evergreen," and Jane Skipwith. Commodore Cocke 
was bom at " Montpelier," Surry county, Virginia, May 5, 1794. He 
entered the U. S. Navy at the age of fifteen years, and was engaged in 
the war of 1812 with Great Britain ; was commissioned commodore in 
July 1851, the then highest rank in the nav}'. In April, 1861, on the 
secession of Virginia, he retired from the navy, then in his sixty-eighth 
year; and was appointed under the Confederate government com- 
mander of the defences of James river, where he erected five forts. 

Mr. Witherspoon is a great grandson of Walter Cocke and Ann Car- 
ter Harrison; great, great grandson of John Cocke and Rebecca Starke, 
who were married in 1740. 



The subject of this sketch, now a resident of Suffolk, Nansemond 
county, Vii-ginia, was bom in Dutchess county. New York, on August 
12, 1836. He is a son of James H. and Alflna A. (Ada) Bedell, both 
now deceased, and his wife is Sarah W., daught-er of Thomas E. and 
Julia Webb, formerly of Brooklyn, New Y'ork,now dead. They were 
married m Brooklyn on December 31 , 1855, and have six living children : 
William T., Julia B., James H., Fannie A., Alve A. and Samuel W. They 
have lost four children : Richard G., Sarah W., George W. and Harry S. 

Mr. Bedell went to school in Brooklyn, New York, then learned the 
engravers trade. In 1854 he went into the business of kindling-wood 
manufa<)turer, in which he has been engaged ever since, as follows : 
1854-5, in New YorkCit}'; 1856, Baltimore; 1857, in Washington, 
D.C.; later went to Clermont, Virginia, and in business there until he 
returned to Baltimore in 1859, remaining there ten years. From 1869 
to 1874 at Salisbury, Maryland ; in Philadelphia 1874-9 ; then in Wil- 
liamsport, Pennsylvania, until 1886, whesTlie came to Suffolk. Here he 
has put up a kindling-wood factory at a cost of $32,000, which he super- 
intends, at the same time connect4?d with kindling mills in Williamsport, 


Is a son of Z. E. Holland, of Nansemond county, Virginia, and Ann S. 
Holland, nee Pretlpw, who died October 21, 1883, aged sixty-four 
years. He was born in Nansemond county, on February 27, 1 860. 
After four years study at Richmond College, he took the law course in 


the same college, then at the University of Virginia. He was admitted 
to the Bar in 1881, and has been in practice since that time in Nanse- 
inond and adjoining counties. Mr. Holland was mayor of Suffolk, from 
July 1, 1885 to July 1, 1887. He is now commonwealth attorney for 
Nansemond county, for the term beginning July 1, 1887, ending July 1 , 

He married in this county, on November 26, 1884, Sarah Othelia, 
daughter of P. H. Lee and Joanna Lee, nee Rawles, of Nansemond 
county. They have one son, Lee Pretlow Holland, bom September 2, 


Mr. Jones has been a resident of Suffolk since 1884, engaged in busi- 
ness with a brother there, the firm name and style, Jones & Bro., 
wholesale and retail dealers in coal, ice, hay, grain, and agricultural 
lime. He was bom in Charlton county, Georgia, March 16, 1864, but 
is of a Virginia family. 

His father, William Henry Jones, bom in Nansemond county, Vir- 
ginia, and now again a resident in the county, was in service in the 
Confederate Stat-es Army during the late war. His mother, whose 
maiden name was Emma C. Copeland, died in 1883. 

At Tarboro, North Carolina, October 12, 1887, Robert E. Jones 
married Sue W., daughter of Frank S. Wilkinson and Annie Wilkinson, 
nee Stronach, of Charlton. 


Was bom in Suffolk, Virginia, on April 18, 1850. His early education 
was received in the town schools of Suffolk, and in 1867 he entered Ran- 
dolph-Macon College, at Boyd town, Virginia, attending one session 
there, after which, in 1868, the college was removed to Ashland, Vir- 
ginia, where he remained two sessions, graduating in various schools. 
He then- entered the law school of the University of Virginia, in the fall 
of 1870, and spent two sessions there. In August, 1872, he began to 
practice law in Suffolk, where he has remained ever since. He was a 
member of the law firm of Kilby & Son, and thus privileged to asso- 
ciate himself at the beginning of his career with his eminent father, 
whose name was known and honored throughout Virginia. On the death 
of his father he continued to carry on the business of the firm. He has 
been a mejnber of the council of Suffolk, and is now ably filling the ofHce 
of judge of the county court. 

His father, the late Hon. John Richardson Kilby, was bom in Hanover 
county, Virginia, on December 31, 1819, the son of Turpin Kilby, who 
was a son of John Kilby, who was bom in Vienna, Dorchester county, 


Maryland, and settled in Hanover county in colonial days. The Hon. 
John R. Kilby began his business life at the age of fourteen years, as 
assistant to the clerk of court, Nansemond county ; later was deputy 
sheriff of the county. While faithfully discharging the duties of these 
positions, he gave his leisure time to the study of law, and in 1845 was 
admitted to the Bar. He was soon recognized as one of the leading 
members of his profession in Tidewater Virginia, a result due no less to 
his high moral worth than to his ability and his unsurpassed command 
of legal lore. Among the public offices he filled were : Representative 
from Nansemond county to the General Assembly of Virginia, 1851-2-3 ; 
elector for the State; and delegate to various State and National con- 
ventions. He was president of the Commercial Bank of Suffolk some 
years, also. In 1843 he became a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, from which time he devoted his means and his abilities to the 
cause of Christianity in every way that presented itself. His charities 
were unbounded, and he gave his services in many offices, church stew- 
ard, church trustee, trustee of church college, president of society for the 
relief of disabled ministers, Sunday-school superintendent, delegate to 
General and Annual Conferences. This honorable and useful career 
closed with his death in Suffolk, December 5, 1878, at ,the age of fifty- 
nine years. One mourning this loss in his death then wrote : " Let this 
epitaph be graven on the granite which shall mark his resting place : 
This man serveci his own generation by the will of God." 

The maiden name of Judge Kilby 's mother was Martha Jane Louisa 
Smith. She was bom in the old mansion of her father, Arthur Smith, 
comer Main and Second streets, Suffolk, where she lived seventy-one 
years, until her death on February 7, 1888. Her father was forty years 
postmaster in Suffolk, keeping the office at his residence. 

Judge Kilby had two brothers in the Confederate States Army : l^eroy 
R., entered as private Company B, 16th Virginia Infantry, was promoted 
through all grades to captain, and was in command of his regiment at 
the surrender at Appomattox C. H.; died in Suffolk, October 12, 1883. 
Wallace, the other brother, was a pnvate in the same company, and 
served part of the time as courier for General Weisiger ; was wounded 
■once in arm, and once in leg; now a merchant of Suffolk. 

The wife of Judge Kilby, whom he married at her father^s residence, 
near Newton, King and Queen county, Virginia, September 5, 1876, is 
Harriet L., daughter of Joseph Brownley, her mother's maiden name, 
Mary Catharine Howerton. She was born in King and Queen county, 
as were her parents, both now deceased. 

The children of .Judge and Mrs. Kilby are three: Bradford, John 
Richardson and Hilah. They have buried one daughter, Miriam Brown- 
ley, died September 4, 1881, aged two and a half years. 



Piitriek IMerce, born in Isle of Wight county, Virginia, died in 1884, 
ami Lucy (Gay) Pierce, died in 18H4, were the parents of the. subject of 
this sketch. He was bom in Isle of Wight count}', on July 15, 1849. 

At the age of seventeen years, in 1866, he began business as a gener- 
al merchant, a career that has been highly successful. He is now the 
owner of three general stores in Suffolk, and carries on as a separate 
business, a general feed store. 

In Suffolk, May 14, 1877, Mr. Pierce married Mary E., daughter of 
Sylvester Oliver, of Suffolk. Her mother, whose maiden name wjis 
Mary Fluhart, is no longer living. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pierce have one child, 01ah,born April 23, 1886. Their 
first-born was a son, named William H., born April 23, 1879, died 
December 15, 1884. 


Born in Suffolk, Virginia, on April 5, 1820, and now the oldest male 
resident of Suffolk f)orn there, is a son of Joseph Prentis, of Williamsburg, 
Virginia,who wasasonof Judge Joseph Prentis of the District Court., and 
who was Speaker of tlie House of Burgesses. (See Rickey's Constitu- 
tion.) The mother of Judge Prentis wn« Susan Caroline, daughter of 
Col. Robert Moore Hiddick, of Jericho, Nansemond county. His father 
was many years surveyor for the port of Suffolk, was commonwealth 
attome3% and clerk of the circuit and county courts of Nansemond 
county from June, 1838, to his death, which occurred on April 30, 

In Isle of Wight (bounty, Virginia, l)ec;ember 23, 1841, Judge Prentis 
married Eliza Wrenn, who was born in that county. They have one 
daughter, Martha J., bom March 21, 1845, who married, September 20, 
1864, Capt. Charles H. Causey, now of Suffolk. 

Judge l*rentis' first teacher was a Mrs. Russell; the second waw Joel 
Holleman, who afterwards was Speaker of the House of Delegates and 
a member of Congress. After studying under several other teachers, 
all of Suffolk, he went, in August. 1836, to the "Amelia Academy,'' 
which was conducted by the late William H. Harrison at '*The Oaks'' 
and later at "The Wigwam,'' the former residence of Gov. W. B. Giles. 
In September, 1838, he entered the University of Virginia, where he 
remained until July, 1840. In June, 1841, he was admitted to the 
Bar, and practiced in Isle of Wight, Nansemond and Southampton 
counties up to March court, 1852. 

On the death of his father he was appointed deputy clerk of 
courts, Circuit and County, and in April, 1852, he was elected to the 


ottiee of clerk for term of six yeai*8. He entered on the duties of tlie 
office in July, 1852, and served in same until May, 1871. Having 
i-emained out of office from that time until June, 1873, he was then 
appointed Judge of the county court, by G(3vernor Walker, and at the 
succeeding legislature wtis elet^ted to the office, which he filled until 
July, 1875, when he again entered on the duties of clerk of the court, 
having been elected clerk in the May previous. He has held this office 
continuously since that time. 

In May, 1863, he was made prisoner by Federal troops, and held in 
his office three or four days, then sent to Norfolk city jail, thence to 
Fortress Monroe, then to Fort Norfolk. From the last he was released 
when Longstreet invested Suffolk, having been held, as shown in his 
diary which the Yankees had stolen from him, six weeks and one half 


John M., son of James M. and Martha A. (Britt) Shepherd, was born 
at Suffolk, Virginia, on November 13, 1843. His father, borninNanse- 
mond county, died at the age of thirty-five years. His mother is 
living in Suffolk, now sixty-three years of age. 

John M., W8L8 in the Confederate States army from the beginning to 
the close of the War between the States, serving in Company A, 16th 
Virginia regiment, in Mahone's brigade. 

At Smithfield, Virginia, January 9, 1867, he married Carrie Minnie 
Hall, born in Isle of Wight county, Virginia. They have two daughters, 
Annie M., Carrie J., and two sons, James T., Fred. Vs\ Mrs. Shepherd 
was the daughter of Thomas W. Hall, who was bom in Isle of Wight 
county, and died in 1862. 

Since February 1, 1873, John M. Shepherd has held positions as 
railroad agent for the N. & W. R. R., telegraph operator and express 



William F., son of William V. and Laura E. Allen, both nowdeceaseil, 
was born and educatefl in Norfolk, Virginia. In that city, December 6, 
1854, he married Margaret C, daughter of John T. and Margaret E. 
Griffin, formerly of Norfolk, both now deceased. The children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Allen were born in the order named : William H., Walter F., 
James E., Joseph B., Leonora V., Cornelia J., Walter F., Claudia M. 
The two oldest sons are now deceased. 


For five years after leaving school Mr. Allen served as a sail maker ; 
then went into that business for himself, and followed it until 1856. 
From 1856 to 1861 he was in the retail grocery business, and since the 
last-named year he has been in his present business, wholesale grocer. 
He is now the senior wholesale groceryman in the city of Norfolk, head 
of the firm of W. F. Allen & Co. 

Mr. Allen has served sixteen years as a member of the city council of 
Norfolk ; as superintendent of the Democratic executive committee, as 
captain of the volunteer fire department. He is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and of the I. 0. 0. F. 


Bom at Hampton, Virginia, on September 3, 1840, is a son of Dr. R. 
G. Banks, who was born in Essex county, Virginia, and who died in 
1870, aged sixty-eight years. His mother, who died in 1845, was, 
before marriage, Matilda Dewees, of Baltimore, Maryland. His wife, 
whom he married in Goochland county, Virginia, on January 15, 1863, 
was Nannie M. Argyle of that county. 

Mr. Banks attended the schools of his native town, then took a course 
at the Columbian College, and after that taught school one year in 
Alabama. He entered the Confederate States Army in 1861, as cap- 
tain and quartermaster of the 50th Virginia Infantry, serving in 
Floyd's brigade until that general wa« suspended, after the fall of Fort 
Donelson. He was then commissioned major, on the staff of General 
Loring, and detached as depot quartermaster at Selma, Alabama, so 
serving until near the close of the war. After returning home he 
engaged in merchandizing and farming until, in 1879, he was appointed 
United States Inspector of Customs at Norfolk, in which capacity he 
served ably until 1883. In 1883 he was elected to the Virginia legisla- 
ture, but unseated. In February, 1884, he was again elected to the 
legislature, and served out the term. He was then made superintendent 
of the public schools of Norfolk, serving until the election of Governor 
Lee. In 1887 he was elected mayor of the city of Norfolk, an office he is 
still (1888) filling. 


James E. Barry was bora in Savannah, Georgia, on October 14, 1823. 
His mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth A. Ahern, died of yellow 
fever, in Norfolk in 1824. His father was James Barry, son of John 
Barry, who died December 20, 1871, aged ninety-eight years, and whose 
father was also named James Barry. 


James E. attended school in Norfolk, and in 1855 succeeded his father 
in the crockery business in that city, which he carried on until the war. 
In April, 1861, he entered the Confederate States Array as first lieuten- 
ant of the Kekill battery, with which he served till the close of the war, 
commanding the battery through most of the service. After the 
close of the war, he returned to Norfolk, and, having a large estate, 
devoted his time to its improvement, which has been his chief occupa- 
tion ever since. He has served in the council of the city of Norfolk, 
and is also president of the Bank of Commerce, Norfolk, which position 
he has filled since 1878. 

Mr. Barry married in Norfolk, May 19, 1852, Mary M. Moran, who 
was bom in County Wexford, Ireland, the daughter of Nicholas and 
Margaret (Cheevers) Moran, both now deceased. Their children are 
three sons: Thomas Moran, James E., jr., and Robt. Emmett. 
Thomas M. married, in 1878, Virginia Lovett, of Norfolk, and they 
have four children : J. C. M., Mary R., James E. and F. J. R. Barry. 


Is desceniled from one of the three Billups brothers who emigrated from 
Wales to the Virginia colony at an early date, and settled in that 
section of Mathews county which they called Millford Haven. He is a 
son of John E. Billups of Mathews county, whose wife was Mary Ann 
Borum and was bom in that county, on February 12,1839. 

He married in Norfolk, December 4, 1860, Lizzie A. Summers, of that 
city, and the record of their children is : Amanda, now married, living 
at Max Meadows, Virginia; George C. living in Norfolk; Eulalie, died 
in April, 1879, aged fourteen years ; Bessie, died in 1869, aged nine 
months ; Bessie the second, Cecil and Annie living at home. 

Mrs. Billups is a daughter of E. T. Summers, who came to this 
country from Scotland with his father, when about one year old, and 
who was mayor of Norfolk, 1855, serving one term, and was many 
terms a justice of the peace. Her mother was of Scotch-Irish descent. 

Mr. Billups was educated in Mathews county. In 1856 he came to 
Norfolk, and clerked for the late Seth March until 1858. In that year, 
he, with Thomas P. Warren, bought out Mr. March and continued the 
business until the war. They were closed after the first year of the war, 
until it was ended. In 1865 they resumed business, but a few months 
later Mr. Billups withdrew from the firm, and started alone in his 
present business, dealer in agricultural implements, iron, steel, etc. 

He was in service in the 12lh Virginia regiment, C. S. A., in 1861, but 
on account of continued ill health was forced to put a substitute in the 
field, after the first year. He has been two terms a member of the city 


council of Norfolk, and han twice been elet^tetl since to the same office, 
but dei^lined to serve. He hs^ also declined to accept other offices of 
trust and honor tendereiJ bv the citizens of Norfolk. 


A resident of Norfolk, Virginia, wa« bom in the county of Sussex, and 
was the third son of George Blow and Eliza Waller, daughter of Robert 
Hale Waller, of Williamsburg, Virginia. 

Judge Blow received his early education at the private school of 
George Halson, in the city of Norfolk, and from thence was sent to the 
college of "William and Mary," where he graduated, and subsequently 
to the University of Virginia, taking the law course under Prof. Davis. 

Whilst engaged in the practice of law in San Antonio, a city in the 
then Republic of Texas, he was elected a member of Congi-ess for the 
county of Bexar, and served through the session of 1840. 

In consequence of the condition of the country, growing out of diffi- 
culties with Mexico, preceding annexation, he returned to Virginia in 
1841, and resumed the practice of his profession in the city of Norfolk. 

In 1860 he was elected a member of the convention called to consider 
and define the course of the State in the then existing troubles. He 
was elected as a member of the Union party, and pledged to support 
all honorable measures for its preservation, save by the means of armed 

This contingency arose when the proclamation of President Lincoln 
called upon Virginia for her quota of troops to enforce the laws and 
crush out the rebellion. 

Judge Blow, together with many other members of the convention 
similarly pledged, considered that an unnecessary and unconstitutional 
war was about to be invoked, and that, in a question of arms, the place 
of Virginia should be with her southern brethren, and he voted for and 
signed the Ordinance of Secession. 

In 1861 he joined the army of Virginia as lieutenant-colonel of the 
41st regiment, and served as such until its reorganization in 1862. 

In 1870 he was elected by the legislature judge of the 1st judicial 
circuit of Virginia, in which position he served for two terms, or sixteen 
years, and then resumed the practice of his profession. 


Judge Brooke was born in the city of Richmond, Virginia, on April 
28, 1852. He is a son of Henry Laurence Brooke, who w^as born in Staf- 
ford county, Virginia, and who died in March, 1873, aged sixty-six 
years. His mother was Virginia Tucker Brooke, born in Jefferson 



county, died October 7, 1864, aged forty-seven years. His elder broth- 
ers, St. George T. Brooke and Frank J. Brooke, served in the late war, 
C. S. A., and the fir8t.-nanied was severely wounded at Haws Shop. 

Judge Brooke attended the Loudoun school at Middleburg, Virginia, 
Virginius Dabney principal, until 1870, then the University of Vir- 
ginia, sessions of 1870 and 1871 ; taught school in Stafford county, 
Jefferson county, and at Norfolk nine years ; studied law under the late 
Tazewell Taylor in Norfolk, was admitted to the Bar in 1874, and prac- 
ticed in Norfolk city until elected to the Bench. He is present judge of 
corporation court, Norfolk city, having been elected to fill vacancy 
in January, 1884, and re-elected for another term in 1887. 

He married in Norfolk, April 7, 1880, Lucy Borland Higgins, of that 
city. Their children are named : Lucy Drummond,Eloise Minor, Henry 
Laurence and Mary Walton. Mrs. Brooke is a daughter of Ignatius 
Higgins, who was bom in Norfolk, and died there in 1855 of yellow 
fever, aged thirty-five years. Her mother, whose maiden name was 
Jane Drummond, was bom in Norfolk, and died in 1869. 


Who has been an honore<l resident of Norfolk since 1835. was bom in 
New York Citv, December 20, 1814. His father was Thonms David 
De Cordy, his mother Anne Brooks, daughter of Francis Brooks of 
Norfolk, Virginia, and Jane Selque of Philadelphia. His ancestors were 
Huguenots, religious refugees from France, who came to the colony 
of New York in 1685. 

In New York City, August, 1887, Francis De Cordy married Mary G. 
Schuyler, born in that city, in August, 1819. She wa« the daughter of 
Peter Schuyler, whose father was Peter S<:huyler of the renowned 
Knickerbocker family. Her mother was Eliza White, daughter of the 
Rev. White, a Presbyterian clergyman of New York. 

The record of the children of Mr. and Mrs. De Cordy is: Robert C, 
died in infancy; Robert C, 2d, volunteer engineer, United States service, 
on flag ship *' Philadelphia,'* died in 1863 ; Francis, jr., deceased ; Victor 
C. and Gordon, Frances G. and Rosalie. Gordon married Catharine 
Putnam, of Rochester, New York, a daughter of Israel H. Putnam, who 
was a grandson of Israel Putnam of Revolutionary fame. 

After Mr. De Cordy came to Norfolk in 1835 he engaged in business 
a« master ship joiner, which occupation he follow^ed until 1864. Since 
that date he has been a merchant, dealer in coal, at 11 William street. 
He was mayor of tlie city of Norfolk, 1870-2. 



The ancestry of the subject of this sketch is thus ^ traced: In early 
colonial days Dr. Richard Edwards came from London to Virginia. 
His son Thomas married Sarah Ingram. Their son Thomas married 
Elizabeth Fauntleroy. Their son Griffin married Priscella Lee. Their 
son, LeRoy Griffin Edwards, born in Northumberland county, Virginia, 
in 1804, died in Norfolk county, in August, 1866, married Fannie W., 
daughter of John Robins, of Norfolk county, Virginia, whose father was 
of Gloucester county. Their son, Griffin Fauntleroy Edwards, was born 
at Deep Creek, Norfolk county, Virginia, September 16, 1843. 

He went to school in the village of Deep Creek until twelve years of 
age, then to the Union Male Academy, at Harrellsville, North Carolina, 
for two and a half years, then one year to Mr. C. Morris, at Norfolk. In 
January, 1861, he entered Emory and Henry College, in Washington 
county, Virginia. In June 1861, the entire body of students withdrew 
from the college to enter the army, and he joined Company E, 61 st Vir- 
ginia regiment; was detailed clerk to Gen. H.B.Davidson, commanding 
post at Staunton, Virginia. In November, 1863, he rejoined his regi- 
ment, and was appointed sergeant-major ; in the latter part of 1 864 
was appointed regimental adjutant. Serving with the regiment in 
Mahone's division, he received a gunshot wound through right shoulder 
near Farmville, Virginia, April 7, 1865. He had two brothers in ser- 
vice, John Robins Edwards, first lieutenant Company A, 3d Virginia 
regiment, Pickett's division, and LeRoy Bushrod Edwards, a private in 
the same company. Both served until made prisoners in battle of Five 
Forks, April, 1865 ; they were held prisoners until after the close of the 

Returning to his home. Griffin Fauntleroy Edwards qualified as 
deputy for his father, who was then the clerk of the county and circuit 
courts of Norfolk county. After his father's death in August, 1866, he 
was elected to the office (in November, 1866) and served until removed 
March 19, 1869, by the military governor of Virginia, for refusal to 
take the iron-clad oath. In 1870 Mr. Edwards was appointed commis- 
sioner of accounts for the city of Portsmouth, which office he has ably 
filled ever since. In the sessions of 1879-80 and 1880-81 he was a mem- 
ber of the Virginia legislature. In 1882-3-4-5-6 was superintendent of 
the public schools of Portsmouth. While clerk of courts, Mr. Edwards 
studied law, and he has been continuously in practice since 1869, except 
when public official duties prevented. 

He married at Portsmouth, October 6, 1869, Isabel Bilisoly, who 
was born in Portsmouth. They have one son, J. Griffin, and have 
buried one son, Carl, died May 22, 1879. Mrs. Edwards is the 


daughter of Joseph A. Bilisoly, who was a son of Antonio Bilisoly, bom 
on the Island of Corsica. Her mother is Eliza, daughter of John Ben- 
son, Esq. 


A resident and honored citizen of Norfolk since 1867, was bom in North 
Carolina, at Elizabeth City, March 8, 1840. His father, who died May 
20, 1852, at age of thirty-eight years, was Gilbert, son of Peter Elliott, 
of North Carolina. His mother is Sarah A.Elliott, nee Grice, still living 
at Oxford, North Carolina. His wife, whom he married at Oxford , North 
Carolina, in March, 1867, was born in Franklin county, that State, Jean- 
netteTunstall Cooper, daughter of James Crawford Cooper, of Oxford, 
and Lucy (Williams) Cooper. 

Mr. Elliott went to school in Elizabeth City to Rev. E. M.Forbes, a 
Protestant Episcopal Church school. At the age of fourteen years he 
began clerking in a mercantile store, at the age of seventeen years was 
deputy clerk of the county court, and so served until, at age of twenty- 
one years, he entered the Confederate States Army. In 1866 he was a 
farmer. From 1867 to 1887 waa a merchant at Norfolk, member of the 
firm of William W. Gwathmay & Co., cotton factore, and at one time 
president of the N. & P. Cotton Exchange. Since 1887 he has been con- 
nected with the railroad that is now the Chowan & Southern, as its 
treasurer. He has been a member of the Norfolk common council for 
twelve years, and president of the same two years, and is now president 
of the Board of Harbor Commissioners of Norfolk and Portsmouth. 

He volunteered in 1861, for service in the 17th North Carolina r^- 
ment,C.S.A.,and was appointed assistant adjutant-general in Martin's 
Brigade, Hoke's Division. He was captured at Roanoke Island, paroled 
in two weeks, and served until the close of the war. 


Was bom in Northampton county, Virginia, August 20, 1834. He 
is a son of J. T. and Margaret (Dowqs) Elliott, both now deceased, and 
a grandson of Rev. J. T. Elliott. In Norfolk, December, 1858, he mar- 
ried Mary Eliza Davis, who was born in Norfolk, the daughter of Miles 
Davis, who still lives in Norfolk, now eighty-eight years of age. The 
children of the union are six: Alice Louisa, Thomas E., jr., Maggie 
Virginia, William, Edna and Rebecca. 

Mr. Elliott attended school in his native county until he came to Nor- 
folk at the age of fourteen years. He was two years in the lumber 
business, one year in the commission business, then on January 1, 
1850, engaged in his present business, hardware, railroad, steamboat 


and mill supplies. For three years he was clerk for Allen, Rose & Capp, 
then was made their head clerk, purchasing supplies and acting as gen- 
eral manager of their business. He left this position in 1861. to enter 
the Confederate States Army, in the Norfolk Artillery Blues, in which he 
saw constant and honorable service until made prisoner at the fall of 
Petersburg, April, 1865. In that last stniggle at Petersburg, he had 
the honor of firing the last five rounds the Blues ever fired, after all the 
infantry had left. He was sent as prisoner of war to Point Lookout, 
and held there until released after the surrender of Grenerals Lee and 
Johnston. Returning to Norfolk, he engaged again in the business he 
still follows, establishing the firm of Taylor, Martin & Co. On the re- 
tirement of Mr. Martin the firm name and style became Taylor, Elliott 
& Watters. For about twenty years these two firms in succession 
carried on one of the largest hardware businesses in the State of Vir- 
ginia. Mr. Elliott is now conducting the business in his own name. 


The subject of this sketch, owner of the Norfolk V\rginmi\y and at 
present postmaster of Norfolk, was bom at Maynooth, County Kildare, 
Ireland. At Norfolk, November 6, 1879, Rev. Fr. Matthew O'Keefe 
solemnized the marriage of Michael Glennan and Mary Elizabeth Kevill, 
the bride bom in Norfolk. The issue of the union is four children : Ed- 
ward Kevill, Mary Belle, Michael and Alma. 

Mr. Glennan came to Virginia with his father in childhood, and at- 
tended school in Norfolk, then for a time in Brooklyn, New York. On 
returning to Norfolk he was, in 1857, employed as mailing clerk in the 
office of the Southern .ir^M«, so serving until the outbreak of the war. 
After that he served for a tpie as orderly for Gen. W. P. Taliaferro, who 
was then in command of the Virginia forces at Norfolk. He wtis after- 
wards refused enlistment in Virginia troops on account of lameness and 
youth. In November, 1861, was connected with the quartermaster's 
•department, at Wilmington, North Carolina, and in 1862 was attached 
to the 36th regiment. North Carolina State Troops, as quartermaster's 
sergeant. The regiment was stationed along tlie defences of the Cape 
Fear, with headquarters at Fort Anderson. Later the regiment was 
stationed at Fort Fisher, where he served as post quartermaster's ser- 
geant, and at times as acting quartermaster. As such he participated 
in the battles of Fort Fisher, and was captured at the fall of the fort, 
January, 1865, and imprisoned at Governor's Island, New York Harbor, 
until paroled latter part of March, 1865. Reported at Greensboro, 
North Carolina, and was thei'e suri'endered with General Johnston's 
army, April, 1865. 



After the war Mr. Glennan taught school in Portsmouth, Virginia, 
until January, 1867, when he became connected with the Norfolk Yir- 
ginian as its business manager, and of which he afterwards became 
owner. He was for several years a member of the State Democratic 
Exe<»utive Committee, and chairman of the Democratic party of the 
2nd Congressional District. He was one of the delegates at large to 
the Democratic National Convention in 1880. In 1875 Mr. Glennan 
started in the columns of the Virginian the agitation of a national 
celebration of the surrender of Lord Comwaliis at Yorktown,and the 
erection of the monument in commemoration of the event. The move- 
ment was successful and a magnificent monument now adorns the 
historic field of York town. In consideration of his services, Mr. Glennan 
was selected by Governor Holliday the commissioner to represent Vir- 
ginia at the Centennial celebration. He is now the president of the Irish 
('ntholic Benevolent Union of the United States, succeeding Hon. A. M. 
Keilly, of Richmond, Ex. U. S. Minister to Austria. 


The founder of the Hatton family in Virginia was Lewis Hatton, an 
English ship-owner, who settled on a large tract of land in Norfolk 
county on the north side of the western branch of the Elizabeth river, 
now known as " Hatton's Point." He was engaged in privateering 
during the war of the Revolution, and died in 1784. Goodrich, subject 
of this sketch, is descendant in the fourth degree of lineal consanguinity 
from this Ijewis Hatton, who was great grandfather of Goodrich's 
father, Edward Alexander Hatton, who was born at Portsmouth, June 
G, 1830, and married Susan Rebekah Nash, who was bom at Ports- 
mouth, October 26, 1830. Their son Goodrich was bom at ** Waverly," 
the residence of his grandfather, in Norfolk county. May 8, 1862. 

He was educated at the Norfolk Male Academy and at the University 
of Virginia, graduating from the last named institution with degi*ee of 
Bachelor of Law in the year, 1883. He began practice a* attorney and 
counsellor at law in Portsmouth in September, 1883, in which he still 


Robert Morton, son of Judge Robert W. Hughes, was bom in Abing- 
don, Virginia, on Septeml)er 10, 1855. He was first e<hicated at Wil- 
liam and Mary College, where liP took degree as Bachelor of Arts, in 
1873, then went to the ITniversity of Virginia, where he took degree of 
Master of Arts in 1877, and where, also, he studied law. He is now en- 
gaged in practice in Norfolk City. 


At Williamsburg, Virginia, February 19, 1879, he married Mattie L. 
Smith, and tlieir children are two sons : Robert Morton, jr., bom April 
24, 1880, and Sydney Smith, bom September 12, 1884. Mrs. Hughes 
was born in Williamsburg, the daughter of Sydney Smith of York 
county, Virginia, long a resident of Williamsburg, where he held several 
offices of trust, and died in October, 1884. Her mother's maiden name 
was Virginia Bucktrout. 

Robert W. Hughes, father of Robert M., United States District Judge, 
was bom in Powhatan county, Virginia, on June 4, 1821. The mother 
of Robert M. is EHza M., daughter of Charles C. Johnston, member of 
Congress 1881-3, and granddaughter of Judge Peter* Johnston, of 
Abingdon. She was bom 'July 2, 1825. Her mother was a Preston, 
and her paternal grandmother. Judge Johnston's wife, was a Miss 
Wood, whose mother wa« a sister of Patrick Henry. 


The founder of this family in Virginia, gi*eat grandfatlier of the sub- 
ject of this sketeh, was James Hunter, bom in Londonderry, Ireland, in 
1764, came to America from the Island of St. Christophers in 1783, 
died March 8, 1821, was a merchant and member of the firm of Allison 
& Hunter. James Hunter and Miss J. Rodgers were married February 
28, 1783. 

His son William Frayze Hunter, grandfather of William Wallace, was 
born February 15, 1787, and died November 15, 1822. William 
Frayze Hunter and Henrietta Louise Andre were married July 10, 1810. 

William Henry Hunter, son of William Frayze, and father of William 
VV'allace, was born November 15, 1814, and die<l March 4, 1882; at 
time of his death was Clerk of the Courts of the City of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia. William Henry Hunter and Eliza Frances Wallace were married 
May 25, 1837. 

William Wallace Hunter was bom in Norfolk, on January 24, 1840. 
He attended school at the Norfolk Military Academy, and entered the 
Confederate Army in April, 1861 . He was made prisoner at Roanoke 
Island, North Carolina, in February, 1862, and paroled until Septem- 
ber, 1862, from which time till the close of the war he was in constant 
servi(;e in the Army of the Confederate States. After the close of the 
war he went to New York, and engaged in the cotton commission busi- 
ness, member of the firms of Dancy, Hyman & Co., of New York, and 
llymans & Dancy, of Norfolk. From these firms he withdrew in 1878, 
since which time lie has resided in Norfolk. He has been city treasurer 
of Norfolk since July 1, 1885, and is now serving his second term of 
three years. 

Vlt^GlNlA AND VlkGWlAHS. 673 

In Norfolk, October 20, 1880, Rev. N. A. Okeson, D. D., united in 
marriage William Wallace Hunter and Sophia E. Grandy. The bride 
was bom in Norfolk, a daughter of C. W. Grandy, who was bom July, 
1808, and died March 18, 1874, and Ann D. Grandy, nee Dozier, who 
died March 15,1882. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Wallace Hunter have one son, Charles Grandy Hun- 
ter and one daughter, Henrietta Louise Hunter. They have buried one 
daughter, Kate Wallace Hunter, born January 6, 1883,dieil March 20, 


Was born in Greensville county, Virginia, on January 21, 1840, the son 
of Mordecai Jones, now deceased, who was a son of John Jones, of 
Brunswick county, Virginia. The mother of William M., Martha R. 
(iregg her maiden name, still lives in Greensville county. 

William M. finished his education at Randolph-Macon College, where 
he was graduated in 1860. The following year he taught school, then 
entered the Confederate States Armv in the *' Greensville Guards." He 
was appointed assistant quartermaster, and so served around Petei^s- 
burg until the ('lose of the war. From 1865 to 1871 he taught in the 
Wesleyan Female College, and since 1871 has been engaged in his present 
business in Norfolk, a member of the firm of Jones, Lee & Co., commis- 
sion merchants. Mr. Jones is chairman of the school board of Norfolk, 
and treasurer of the board of city water commissioners. 

In Nansemond county, Virginia, December 23, 1868, he married Pattie 
J., eldest daughter of Capt. Patrick H. Lee and Joanna Rawls,his wife. 
Mrs. Jones was born in Nansemond county, where her parents still 
reside. Her father served in the late war, captain in the 13th Virginia 
Cavalry, C. S. A. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Jones were born in the order named : H. 
I.«ee, now deceased; Willie M.; A. Celeste, R. Paul, R. Virginia; Pattie 
J., deceased ; Pattie J., 2d, deceased; Richard A. and Harry P. 


Was bom in Portsmouth, Virginia, on July 11, 1820. He is a son of 
George W. Maupin, who died in 1825, and a grandson of Gabriel Mau- 
pin, of France. His mother's maiden name was Ann Moffat; she is no 
longer living. His wife, whom he married at Petersburg, Virginia, 
December 10, 1844, was born in Petersburg, Anna, daughter of 
James and Ann (Dawson) Foley, both now deceased. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Maupin are nine, born in the order named: Wil- 
liam G., Anna M., James F., Matilda F., Griffith, Samuel D., Aline, Ruth, 
George W. 


Mr. Maupin attended school in PortBmouth and Norfolk. At the age 
of fourteen years he began business in a mercantile establishment, and 
followed merchandising for twelve years. After farming for two years, 
he returned to a mercantile life, which he has followed ever since. In 
1873 he went into his present business, wholesale dealer in Maine ic*e. 
He has worthily filled the public offices of city treasurer, councilman 
and justice of the peace. 


Is a son of John Neely, whose family was of Scotch-Irish extraction, 
settle<l in SouthenM-ern Pennsylvania at an early date. His mother's 
maiden name wa« Bayly, the family, originally from England, early 
seated in Virginia. He was bom in Montgomery county, Maryland, on 
September 30, 1841 . He studied with his father and elder brother, in 
Virginia and at St. Joseph, Missouri, until sixteen years of age, then 
obtained appointment as naval cadet at Annapolis, but failed to pass 
physical examination because of defective eyesight. He then tauglit 
school for a time, reading law meanwhile. He commenced practice in 
Accomack county, Virginia, at Accomack C. H., where he remained until 
1885, in which year he removed to Norfolk, his present place of resi- 
dence. He was several years commonwealth's attorney for Accomack 
(iounty, and represented that county two terms in the House of Dele- 

He married at Accomack C. H., December 13, 1866, Mary V. Ray- 
field, of Accomack county. They have two daughters, Ethel and Eliza- 
beth. Mrs. Neely is of a family settled in Virginia many years ago. 


Kichard L., son of William B. Page, and grandson of Mann Page, of 
Gloucester county, Virginia, was bom in Frederick county, Virginia, in 
Decern l>er, 1807. His mother, whose maiden name was Ann Lee, wan 
also a Virginian, a sist/cr of Gen. Harry Lee (known as "Light Horse 
H a rry ' ' ) . His parents have been many years dead . The wife of General 
Page was born in Norfolk, Alexina, daughter of Richard and E]izal)eth 
(('alvert)Taylor, both now deceased. They wei*e married in Norfolk, 
November 4, 1841, have three living children, William B., Elizabeth C, 
and Walter T.,and have burie<l three, Ann Lee, Richard L.and Alexina. 

(ieiieral Page was educated first in a school at Berryville, Virginia, 
aft-erwards by private tutors in his family, after which in Alexandria, 
Virginia. In 1824 he entered the United States Navy, as midshipman ; 
was promoted to conimauder, and servcil on several vessels. In 1861 


he resigned to tender hie services to his native State, and when the Vir- 
ginia forces, were turned over to the Confederate government he was 
appointed captain, C. S. N. He was assigned as ordinance officer at the 
Norfolk Navy Yard, and built and commanded several fort* at mouth 
of Nansemond river, commanding also the naval forces at Savannah. 
When Norfolk was evacuat-ed by the Confederates he was appointed 
conunandant at Charlotte, North Carolina. In 1H63 he was commis- 
sioned brigadier general, and assigned to command of the outer defences 
of Mobile Bay, with headquarters at Fort Morgan. When that fort was 
surrendereil, August 4,1864, he was made prisoner and confined at New 
Orleans, Fort Lafayette (New York), and Fort Delaware, Pennsylvania. 
Released in September, 1865, he returned to Norfolk, where he devoted 
himself to farming for six years. He was then appointed superintendent 
of the public schools of Norfolk city, which office he filled for nine years. 
General Page has now retired from active pursuits, and is living his re- 
nmining years in Norfolk, honored and loved by all its citizens. 


Was born at Portsmouth, Virginia, on May 12, 1816, the son of Henry 
Peters, who died in 1825, aged about forty-four years, and Martha 
i^etei^s, nee Meredith, who died in 1841. He went to school in Ports- 
mouth, and at the age of sixteen years entered the United States Navy 
Yard at Gosport a« clerk, and continued there until May, 1855, filling 
the position of commandant's secretary most of the time. In June, 
1855, commenced a mercantile business in which he continued until the 
secession of Virginia, when he was appointed paymast-er in the navy of 
Virginia, and ordered to duty at the Gosport Navy Y'^ard, in charge of 
the pay department of that establishment. 

C'ontinuing there until Virginia joined the Confederacy (when he was 
su<*ceede<l by a paymaster of the (Confederate navy), he was then ap- 
point-ed, by Governor Letcher, commissioner to report on the public 
property taken possession of, in the name of Virginia, in and around 
Norfolk, including the United Stat-es navy yard at Gosport. This duty 
pel-formed, he was appointed Confederate States naval store-keeper, by 
President Davis, and took charge of the stores in the Gosport yard. 
He continued there until the station was evacuated by the Confederates, 
May 10, 1862, when he proceeded with such stores as could be removed, 
to Charlotte, North Carolina, where he remained on duty until Sep- 
tember, 1868. He was then appointed navy agent, and assigned to 
duty in the blockade, with headquartei*s at Wilming^ton, North Caro- 
lina, having charge of the steamers of the navy department engaged in 
running the blockade, and of the purchase and shipment of cotton, on 


f^overnment account, from Wilmington and other eoutheiTi ports. The 
duties of this difficult position he discharged until the fall of Wilming- 
ton, and the close of the war. 

He then resumed mercantile business at Portsmouth and Norfolk. In 
1879 he became president of the Citizens' Bank of Norfolk, a position 
he still holds. In Portsmouth, Virginia, May 16, 1888, Mr. Peters 
married Mary A. Reed, of that city. The record of their children is: 
James H., married SuHan Sadler, of North Carolina; Carrie V., marrie<l 
Dr. J. Buxton Williams, of Oxford, North Carolina; William 11., 
nmrried Mary Freeman, of Portsmouth; Laura B. (now deceased), 
marrieil Dr. Edward M. Watts; Mattie R., married Judge Legh Rich- 
mond Watts, of Portsmouth ; Washington and Mary, still living at 


Son of George and Betty (Taylor) Reid, both now deceased, was born 
in Scotland, in the year 1800. Coming to America when one year old, 
his home has been in Norfolk ever since. He is now the ohlest mei*chaiit 
of the city, having been in business continuously for thelast sixty -seven 
years, during which time his integrity in all business transm^tions has 
won for him the esteem of all who know him. For the past thirty-five 
years he has been a member of the Presbyterian church. He has fille<l 
several public offices of honor and trust, among them president of the 
common and select councils, councilman, justice of the peace, etc. 

Mr. Ried married, in Norfolk county, in 1825, Lucretia Nash, who 
was born in Noriolk county, and died in 1868, aged sixty-eight years. 
Their children were eight: Susan E., Charles H. (now deceased), Lu- 
cretia N., George C, Harriet C, Rebecca F., Robert S., James T. S, The 
living sons were all in service, Confederate States Army, during the late 


A member of the Norfolk Bar; born in 1829 : succ<^ded his father, the 
late William W. Sharp; and has practiced continuously since 1H51, ex- 
cept during the term of the War between the States. He married, in 
1856, Lucy S., daughter of Hon. Valentine W. Southall, of Albemarle, 
and has two children. 

William Willoughby Sharp, father of Charles, practiced law in 
Norfolk, from 1821 until 1801 , succeeding Governor Tazewell. He was 
the son of Colonel William Sharp, who, in the war of 1812-5, com- 
manded the 9th and 54th Virginia regiments, imder Grenerals Robert B. 
Taylor and Wade Hampton. 


In IHOO, Colonel William Sharp married Mnry Willonghhy. His ftret 
pat/ernal ancestor in Virginia— -James Sharpe — from PJngland, Kent 
('oiinty, in 1621; and was a member of the colonial House of Burgesses, 
i\H early as 1635. 

Captain John Smith, **Father of the (^olony,'' who had serve<l on the 
staff of General Lord Willoughby in the Netherlands, brought to Vir- 
ginia Thomas Willoughby (then a boy of fourteen yeai's) founder of 
the family in the colony. By royal patent this Willoughby ticquired 
12,000 acres of land, on the Southern Shore of Chesapeake Bay. From 
him a numl>er of Norfolk families have sprung; among others the des- 
cendants of General Taylor, who still hold the manor-estat-e on Wil- 
loughby Bay. In 1767, Henry Willoughby of Virginia bwanie the 17th 
Lord Willoughby of Parham, rec^overing the Barony and manoi-s, in a 
contest before the House of Lords. Hon. Willoughby Newton of West- 
moi*eland was one of this connection. 


Son of James and Harriet (Patterson) Sheldon, both now deceased, 
was boni in Albion, Michigan, on January 4, 1841. He att«nde<l 
school at the Albion College, and then clerked in drug stores in Albion from 
the age of eighteen to twenty-one. For ten years, 1860-70, he carried 
on a drug business at Kalimazoo, Michigan, member of the firm of 
Johnson & Sheldon. In 1870 he removed to Norfolk, where he 
engaged in the business in which he still continues, dealer in building 
material of every description. 

At Richmond, Virginia, October 12, 1876, he married Jennie S. Bald- 
win, who was bom at Newark, New Jersey, August 25, 1854, daughter 
of Thomas S. Baldwin, now deceased, and Jane M. Baldwin, now a resi- 
dent of Richmond. Their children are three living: Jennie Louise, 
Thomas Baldwin and Luther; one deceased, Charles Fredk., died Sep- 
tember 6, 1878, aged one year twenty-one days. 


Was born in Norfolk, Virginia, on May 18, 1854, the son of John E. 
Shields, Esq., still living in Norfolk, and the grandson of William C. 
Shields, formerly of Norfolk. His mother is Mary F., daughter of John 
Ridley, also of Norfolk. His wife, whom he married at Alexander, Bun- 
combe county, North Carolina, Deceml)er 29, 1885, is Mary Orra Love. 
They have one daughter, Frances Elizabeth Taylor Shields, born July 
28, 1887. Mrs. Shields wa*i Imrn in Carter county, Tennessee, and is a 
daughter of Col. Robert Love, formerly of Ea«t Tennessee, now de- 


Ceased. Her mother, who waa Sarah Alexander of Alexander, on French 
Broad, North Carolina, is no longer living. 

The subjwt of this sketch attended school in Norfolk. From 1875 to 
1HH4 he wn« in business in this city. In 1885 was electa to the Iow€?r 
house of the Stat-e legislature, Democratic member from Norfolk, serv- 
ing in sessions of 1885-6. On July 1, 1886, he was elei'ted city collec- 
tor for Norfolk city, and is now serving his sei^ond term in this office, to 
which he wa^s re-elect-ed for two years in 1888. 


The subjei^t of this sket-ch was bom in Kennebec county, Maine, on 
May 29, 1842. His father, living now at Augusta, Maine, at age of 
seventy-four years, is Joel Spalding, son of Benjamin Spalding. His 
mother, now seventy-five years of age, is Emeline, daughter of Jacob 

Edward attended school at the Waterville Academy, Maine. From 
1864 to 18(>9 he was clerk in the United States Treasury Department, 
at the same time studying law. He graduated at the Columbia Law 
School, Washington, D. C, in 1869, and since that date has resided in 
Norfolk, Virginia, where he is extensively engaged in pra<!tice. From 
January 1, 1880, to December 31, 1885, he was county judge for Nor- 
folk county. 

Judge Spalding married first Angle M. Barr, who died May 25, 1874, 
leaving him one daughter, Nettie R. Secondly he married, in Norfolk, 
May 15, 1877, Florence K. Blake, who was born in Wrentham, Massa- 
chusetts, and is a daughter of Alfred and Emma C. (Estey) Blake, now 
of Norfolk. 


The Starke family have been seated in Virginia for several genera- 
tions. Col. Bowling Starke, father of Lucien D., of Hanover county, 
Virginia, born in 1790, married Eliza G., daught4?r of Hon. Anthony 
New, who repi"esented the Caroline district in Congress for many years, 
and aft«r his removal to Kentucky represented his Congressional dis- 
trict in that Stat-e in Congress for nmny years. Col. Bowling Starke 
and his wife left surviving them the following children: Joseph A., 
Bowling W., John W., Lucien D., Anne E., Alexander W., Julia Isabella 
and Lucy A., of whom Joseph A. and Alexander W. are dead. 

The father of Col. Bowling Starke was also named Bowling Starke, 
and w^aa of Hanover county. His children were named: Richard, 
Thomas, William, Bowling, Lucy, Ann, Sarah, Frances, Jane, Eliza, 
Susan and Elizabeth— all dead, leaving numerous descendants. 


Liicien Douglas Starke was born in Hanover county, Virginia, near 
Cold Harbor, February 9, 1826. His first wife was Elizabeth F. Mar- 
chant, born at Indian Town, North Carolina, May, 1831. They were 
married at Indian Town, January 8, 1855, by Rev. J. B. Dod, of New 
York, and she died at Franklinton, North Carolina, March 18, 1868, 
leaving two daughters: Eliza N. and Elizabeth M., the latter now the 
wife of W. B. Martin, of Norfolk. 

Secondly, Mr. Starke married in Tarboro, North Carolina, January 
8, 1868, Talitha L. Pippen, daughter of John Pippen of Edgecomb 
county. North Carolina. She died ii^ Norfolk, Virginia, February 18, 
187(), leaving four children: Lucien D., Talitha P., Vii-ginia Lee, and 
William Wallace Starke. 

Mr. Starke wa« collector of customs for the port of Elizabeth ('ity. 
North Carolina, during the administrations of Pierce and BuchanuTi, 
and represented Norfolk City in the House of Delegates, sessions of 
1875-6 and 1876-7; again in the session of 1887-8. 

As colonel of the 3d regiment North (^arolina militia, he was the first 
officer assigned to comiufind the forces at Hatteras Inlet, North Caro- 
lina, during the eret^tion of fortifications there in 1862. On the organi- 
zation of the State Troops of North Carolina he was appointed assist- 
ant commissary of subsistence for the 17th regiment, Martinis Brigade, 
Hoke's Division, but during the entire active service of the troops 
under General Martin's command he was assigned to duty at general 
head quarters as a<*ting inspe(ttor general of the brigade, and served in 
the trenches and at the front in all the engagements of that brigade. 
Among the most important of these were those around Petersburg, the 
battle of Bermuda Hundred, where the Confederate forces <* bottled 
up" Gen. Butler, and the battle of second Cold Harbor. During this 
time. Colonel Stiirke also acted by temporary assignment as adjutant- 
general to Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew. At the end of the war was sur- 
rendered, with the rest of Johnston's army, at Greensboro, North 
Carolina, April, 1865. 

Col. Starke has resided in Norfolk from 1867 to the present time, and 
during that period has pui'sued his profession as a lawyer. 


Son of Samuel S. and Martha (Osgood) Stevens, was born in Ashburn- 
hani, Massachusetts, May 11, 1836. His father, who was a son of Abel 
Stevens, of Westford, Massachusetts, died December 1, 1874, aged 
si xty-eigljt years. His mother is living in Baltimore, Maryland, now 
aged eighty years. His parents moved from Ashburnham to Baltimore 
in 1844, when he was eight yeara old, and he attended the schools of 


th« lntt4^r rity until he was sixteen years of age, then took one year's 
course at the We«tminst4»r Academy, Massachusetts, after that one 
term at tlie (iroten Academy, Groten, Massaehusett-s. From tliat time 
until 1864 he wiis in business in Baltimore, then removed to Norfolk, 
wheiv, for twenty-four years he Wiis enpi^red in the furniture business, 
several yeai*s in his own name, then imder the firm name of 8. A. St4v 
vens & Co. He retire<l from active business on July 1, 18S5, the firm 
dissolving, and his son, Samuel S. Stevens, succeeding to the 

Mr. St4?vens married, at Westminster, Massachusetts, June 15, 1857, 
Frances S., daughter of Samuel S. and Fanny M. (Ames) Swan, both 
now deceased. Mi*s. Stevens was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Their 
childi*en are three: Samuel S., Fanny V. and Alice L. 

The branch of the Stevens family from which the subje<'t of this 
sketch is descendeil settle<l in the colony of Massachusetts, Middlesex 
coimty, in 1(>84, in the town of Chelmsford, where they are still rep re- 
sen te(l. They were prominent in all town affairs, the most of them liv- 
ing to an advance<l age, and a numl)er of the name and family w^ere 
honorably prominent in the Revolutionary war. On the father's 8i<le, 
Mr. Stevens is conne<'ted with the Putnam family, his father's mother 
having been Betsy Putnam, a near relative of Gen. Israel Putnam, of 
Kevolutionary fame. 

Mr. Stevens has been a member of the (Norfolk) city councils for fif- 
teen years; was recorder of Noi-folk city for two years, and is now 
pi*esident of the select council. During his serviw in the city councils 
lie was an advocate for introduction of aqueduct water into the city, 
and was chairman of the com. which introduced water into the 
city of Norfolk. He also was prominent in inaugurating the present 
system of sewerage. He has filled several other prominent positions in 
the city, such i\» meml)er of the school board, et<j. 


Born in Petersburg, Virginia, April 8, 1860, is a son of Major N. M. 
Tannor, who held that rank in the Confederate States Army, wa« 
nmny years an honored resident of Petersburg, and died April 8, 1881, 
aged fifty-six years. Major Tannor married Miss M. A. Rowlett, who 
survives him, living now in Petersburg. 

John Tannor went to school to W. Gordon McCabe, Petersburg. He 
began business in Petersburg with his father, with whom he i-emained 
two years ; wa« then one year in a broker's office in New York City, then 
returned to Petersburg, where he was four years in business, firm of John 
Tannor & Co. He then made his home in Norfolk, and was two years 


a pawner in the firm of Tannor & Co., cotton conimisBion busineBH. 
Three yearH ago he connected himself with the firm of E. H.Coates&Co., 
Norfolk, cotton commiBsion business, with which he still remains. 


The 8iibje<'t of this sketch was born in Norfolk, Virg^inia, on December 
1(5, 1847. His father, Tazewell Taylor, died October 22, 1875, aged 
sixty -six years, was the son of James Taylor, whose father was John 
Taylor, merchant of Norfolk, descendant of a Scottish family of Taylors. 
His mother, living now in Norfolk, is Anna Robinson Taylor, daughter 
of William Dickson. His wife, whom he married in Fauquier county, 
Virginia, November 12, 1873, was Bessie P. Taylor, of Fa uquiercoimty, 
and their children are three sons and one daughter: Tazewell, Brooke, 
Southgate, Anna R. 

Mr. Taylor w^is educates! in Norfolk and Baltimore up to 18(56, when 
he entered William and Mary (.ollege. After leaving college he went to 
the University of Virginia, and in 1870 read law in his father's office, 
but has never practiced. 

He engaged in mercantile pursuits for a short time, and after his 
father's death managed his and other estates. Since 1879 he has been 
swretary and treasurer of the Norfolk and Ocrean View R. R. In 2)ubli(? 
life he has been a member of the Council of the ('ity of Norfolk, and pi-e- 
sident of both branches of same. In 1873-4-0 he was a meuiber of the 
Virginia legislature. 


Was born at Smithfiehl, Virginia, on April 7, 1835, the son of Mallory 
M. Todcf, who died in 1854, and Fanny B. Todd, nee Dick, also now 
<leceased. He married, at Warrenton, Virginia, on September 15, 1875, 
Lillie W. Payne, of Warrenton, daughter of Richards Payne, now 
deceased, and Alice Payne, still a resident of Warrenton. 

Mr. Todd went to school at the Norfolk Academy, and at the age of 
seventeen years engaged as drug clerk with M. A. Santos, of Norfolk, 
with whom he remained one year. He then went to Richmond, where 
he was drug clerk for Alex. Duvall three years, then to Montgomery, 
Alabama, where he ivmained until the breaking out of the war. 

He entered the Confederate States Army in April, 1861, and served 
one year in the commissary department; then was transferred to the 
Nitre and Mining Bureau, and sent to Lynchburg, Virginia, where he 
took charge of the salt petre refinery, and where he continued till the 
close of the war. 


H(*tiiri]iji^ tlu^u to Norfolk, lie took up the drug businees again for a 
year, after that wan clerk on a steamer for eight months, then accepted his 
pi^esent position, as register of the water works, a position he has now 
ably filled for fifteen years. 


George W., son of W. H. and Coi-nelia W. (Cowdery) Taylor, Wiis 
born in Noi-folk, on Novenilier 30, 1H53. His father died two years 
lat(»r, in 1855, of yellow fever. During the war between the States he 
had four brothers in service in the Confederate States Armv. At Eliza- 
l>eth City, North Carolina, May 1(5, 1882, George W. Taylor niarrieil 
Elizal>eth A. Higgins. They have two children: M. de Bi-ee and Ba,>Tiie. 
Mrs. Taylor was born in Norfolk, Virginia, daughter of John A. Higgins, 
whose wife was Margaret de Bree. Her parents are now deceased. 

Mr. Taylor is engiiged in business in Norfolk, dealing in coal, it^e and 
wood. He has served in the city council part of two terms, has taught 
three years in the public schools, and is now superintendent of the 
public schools, appointed November 21, 1887. He is captain of the 
** Lee Rifles,'' which position he has held since the organization of the 


Son of William H. and Susan A. (Boush) Turner, both now <leceased, 
was bom in Norfolk, on January 15, 1844. He married in Norfolk, 
Lizzie C. Watters, May 4, 1865. 

Colonel Turner was educated at Norfolk and at Christiansburg, Vir- 
ginia. He went into the Confederate Stat-es Army in the first year of the 
war, serving as a private* in infantry. In 1862 he attended the Virginia 
Military Institute for eight months. In 1870— 3hewa« in the wholesale 
l)oot and shoe business in NoHolk. For four years from 1874 was super- 
intendent of the Norfolk Street R. R. Co. In 1879-80 was milling, aft^r 
that farming. He has held civil or military command under every Gov- 
ernor since the war, and in 1888 was appointed on the staff of Governor 
Cameron. On July 10, 1886, he was appointed ordinance officer, with 
rank of first lieutenant of first battery of artillery. He has also served 
as quartermaster sergeant of the NorfolkLight Artillery Blues lor fifteen 
years. Colonel Tunier is an A. F. and A. M., ptist master of Atlant^i 
Lodge, No. 2. 

F. A. WALKE: M.I). 

Thomas Walke, who settled in Princess Anne county in colonial days, 
was the founder of the family in Virginia from which Dr. Walke is 
descended. Jane Randolph, of Curls Neck, was the great grandmother 
of Dr. Walke. 


He was bom in Norfolk, on Octobe? 1, 1831. On May 25, 1853, he 
married Miss A. M. Boylor, of Norfolk. In 1854 Dr. Walke entered 
service in the United States Navy, as surgeon, resigning in 1857. 
During the war between the States, he was surgeon of the 46th Vir- 
ginia regiment, under Gen. H. A. Wise. Since the war he ha« l)een in 
practice, and also conducting a drug store in Norfolk. Dr. Walke is n 
meml>er of the Masonic order, of the K. H., K. L. H., Golden Rule, and 
other societies. 


Is a son of Richard Walke and Mary D. Walke, nee Talbot, and wns 
born in Norfolk, Virginia, on January 31, 1838. He wa« married at 
Winton, North Carolina, on August 3, 1858, Sarah R., daughto' of 
Richard Gary (now decetised), becoming his wife. Their children are: 
William Talbot, Richard G., James N., Mary D., Sally W., Isaac T., 
Ethel (deceased), Henry (deceased), and Herbert N. 

In early youth Mr. Walke went to school to Paxton Pollard. He took 
the collegiate course at William and Mary College, graduating in 185(5. 
He then entered the wholesale drug business, in which he was engaged 
till the outbreak of the war between the States. 

He entered the Confederate army in 1861, in Company H, 6th Vir- 
ginia Infantry, and after six months service was discharged. In the 
spring of 1862 he enlisted again, in Burruss' battalion of cavalry, and 
was on detached duty in the commissary department. In 1863 he was 
I)romoted first lieutenant and adjutant of the 39th Battalion Virginia 
Cavalry, with which he served until the close of the war. 

Returning then to Norfolk, he went into business with W. W^ Cham- 
l)erlaine; in 1866-67 was farming in North Carolina; then returne<l to 
Norfolk, and was in the book and stationery business about a year. In 
1869 went into the general insurance business, in which he ha« continued 
ever since. 


Wa« bom at Norfolk, Virginia, on July 13, 1840, the son of James 
Watters, who <lied in 1850, and Georgiana Virginia Watters, nee 
Martin, also now deceased. 

He was married in Norfolk, July 6, 1882, to Margaret S. Garrett, 
who wa« bom in Norfolk coimty. She depart-etl this life on Dec*end)ep 
21, 1887, leaving her husband with three children: Garrett, James 
Hatton and Margaret. 

Mr. Watters went tb school in Norfolk county and city, and began 
business as a clerk at the age of fourt/een years in Norfolk. He con- 
tinued as a clerk until the war, entering the Confederate States Army 


in April, 1861, a* a private, and promoted sergeant, in the Norfolk 
Light Artillery Blues, and served until the close of war. He was 
wounded and made prisoner at Chancelloreville, but released shortly 
after. He returned to Norfolk at the close of the war and entered busi- 
ness for himself a« a member of the firm of Taylor, Martin & Co., hard- 
ware. He still continues in the same line of business, partner in the 
firm of VVatters & Martin, wholesale hardware, 84— Water street, 
Mr. Watters has twice been a member of the city council of Norfolk. 


Judge Ijegh R. Watts, son of Dr. Edward M. Watts and Ann Eliza 
(Maupin) Watts, was bom in the City of Portsmouth, December 12, 
1848. His pat'Crnal grandfather was Col. Dempsey Wattj^ and his 
mat^^rnal, Dr. George W\ Maupin, surgeon U. 8. A. He has continu- 
ously resided in Portsmouth. During the VV'ar he served as a private in 
the Confederate Army, doing duty principally in North and South Car- 
olina; he was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, on the surrender 
of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army in 1865. Returning home, he re- 
sumed his studies, interrupted by the war, and attended the University 
of Virginia, sessions of 1865-6 and 1866-7, graduating in several of 
the academic schools at the end of his first session, and taking the 
degree of Bachelor of Law at the end of the secon<l. 

He at once engaged in the pnujtice of the law, and continued until 
1870, when he wtis electe<l by the Legislature of Virginia, Judge of 
Norfolk Count V. 

In 1880, he resumed, and still continues the active practice of his 
profession. The City Council, in 1883, elected him President, and he 
still holds that position. 

Since November, 1888, he ha« been President of the Bank of Ports- 
mouth, the oldest banking institution in the city, and in 1888, he was 
nominated by Governor Lee as a Member of the Board of Visitors of 
the University of Virginia, and confirmed b}' the Senate, for the term 
of 1888-92. 

On November 26, 1868, at Portsmouth, he married Mattie P., 
daughter of William H. and Mary A. (Heed) Peters, of that city, and 
the issue of this union is six children. 


Wjxs born in Amherst county, Virginia, on October 4, 1859, the son of 
Thonnis W'. Willcox, of Charles City county, and his wife, Martha A. li. 
Willcox, wee Claiborne. Thomas W. Willcox was born in Charles City 

vtkGtNiA AND vrncwiANS, Gsr» 

county, on November 17, 1832, and waa in service, C. S. A., during the 
late war. 

At Norfolk, Virginia, October 14, 1885, Thoma« Hamlin Willcox and 
Mary Cary Ambler were united in marriage. Tlie bride was a daughter of 
Thoma« M. Ambler, now of Ashland, Virginia. Her mother, whose 
maiden name was Virginia Sharp, is no longer living. Mr. and Mm. 
Willcox have two children, Mary Ambler and Thomas Hamlin. 

After the usual preliminary studies, Mr. Willcox entered the Virginia 
Agricultural and Mechanical College, Bla<*ksburg, Virginia, whence he 
was graduated in August, 1877. In 1880 he took the summer law 
course at the University of Virginia, and since 1884 ha« been prar*ticing 
law in Norfolk. Since July 1, 1886, he ha« been commonwealth attor- 
ney for Norfolk City. 


(leorge Wilson married Mary Drew, and their son George R. was born 
at Smithfield, Isle of Wight county, Virginia, August 26, 1817. He at- 
tended school in his native town, and also a private scliool in Amelia 
county, Virginia, took the collegiate course at William and Mary 
College, and attended the University of Virginia. In 1837 he returned 
to his home, his father then engaged in business in Norfolk, and clerke<l 
for his father one year. After that he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, where 
he was engaged in the pork business, a business he followed in various 
other places until the beginning of the war. He then returned to Vir- 
ginia, and served through the war in the commissary depai-tment at 
Richmond. After the war he carried on a family grocery store in Nor- 
folk until 1872, then was in the ice business, and other mercantile pur- 
suits until 1884, since which time he has filled the office of justice of the 
|>eace, serving now his second tenn. From 1877 for four years he was 
cashier of the custom house, Norfolk. 

Mr. Wilson married in Norfolk, June 7, 1848, Rev. George D. Cum- 
mings, of the Episcopal Church, joining him in wedlock with Claudia 
Sharp, born in Norfolk in 1827. She was the daughter of W'illiam W. 
Sharp, now deceased, and Mary A. L. (Sf*hofield) Sharp. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wilson have lost two sons : William Sharp, lost at sea, in transitu to 
San Francisco, 1872, and Byrd, an infant, and have two daught/ers: 
Mary Willoughby and Evelyn. 

m'donald l. wrenn. 

Aurelius and Martha V. (Holmes) Wrenn, both now deceased, were 
the parents of McDonahi L. Wi'enn,who was bom in Norfolk, No vemb«»r 
5, 1858. He married in Richmond, Virginia, October 22, 1884, his wife, 


horn in Richmond, Knt4», (In lighter of Charleg mid Elizabeth (Ellyson) 
('ampl>ell, of Richmond. 

He attended school in Norfolk, from the age of six to fifteen years, and 
then went into his father's establishment, carriage business, as book- 
kee|)er, where he remained six years. In 1 880, with his father and R. W . 
Whiteliurst, he went into business, under the firm name and style of 
Wrenn, Whitehurst & Co., having fa<*tory, foundry and salesrooms for 
the nuvnufacture and sale of plows, presses, planters, and all jigricultural 
implements, his father still continuing his carriage business separately. 
In 1885 be<*ame a member of the firm of A. Wrenn & Son, in which busi- 
ness he still continues, with C. O. Wrenn in partnership, the firm name 
remaining A. Wrenn & Son. This business wa« established in 1852, and 
the firm carries on the lai*gest factory in the South, manufa^^tUring car- 
riages, buggies, roa<l cni'ts, harness and conveyances of every description. 



Wa« bom at Sherwood, Elizal>eth City county, Yirginia, April 14, 
1849. His father, who died February 11, 1878, aged sixty-two years, 
was George Booker, son of Richard Bpoker, son of George Booker, son 
of Richard Booker, of Amelia county, Virginia. The mother of Judge 
Booker lives now in Hampton ; Ann Messenburg was her maiden name. 
He married at Hampton, February 17, 1881, Sue C. Howard, and they 
ha<l one son, John, now dead. Mrs. Booker is the daughter of Harry 
C. and Diana (W>ay) Howard. Her father, bom in York county, Vir- 
ginia, is of pure English lineage, his family closely descended from that 
house of which the Duke of Norfolk is head. Mr. Howard was a graduate 
under the famous Archibald Campbell of Bethany. 

Before his studies were finished, Judge Booker served in the Confed- 
erate States Army, entering the Signal Service, transferred to Gen. H. 
A. Wise's staff a« courier, later to Company F, 26th Virginia re^ment, 
with which he served until the close of the war. He attended school, 
first in his native county, then Gordon McCabe's school in Petersburg. 
In 1870-71 he was a student in Hampden-Sidney college, and in 
1871-2 attended the University of Virginia. In the latter institution 
he took the law course, and in 1878 he waB admitted to the Bar, and 
appointed Commissioner of Accounts and Deputy Sheriff, practicing in 
Elizabeth City, York, Warwick and James Cit^^ counties. On January 
20, 1882, he took his seat on the Bench, judge of the county court* of 


Klizabetb City and Warwick counties, servinp^ until 1886. In May, 
1887, he wa8 elected clerk of the county and circuit coui-tH of Elizabeth 
City county, which position he is still filling. 


Horn in King William county, Virginia, November 12, 1881, is a son of 
Robert Hudgins, who <lied Mar(;h 81, 1800, and a grandson of Hon. 
Holder Hudgins, many years a member of the Virginia Senate and 
Lower House. The mother of Captain Hudgins, who died in*1871, was 
Harriet Howard Jones l>efore marriage. He nmrried in Dinwiddie 
county, Virginia, November 14, 1855, Uebe(!ca B. Worsham, boni in 
that county, <lied February 20, 1885, aged fifty-five years. Their 
children wei*e : Edward B., dei'ea«ed; Maria B., Benj. F. jr., Judith M., 
Worsham K.; Maud, deceased; Astley C. Dr. Henry C. Worsham, for- 
merly of Dinwiddie coimty, now deceased, and a son of Capt. Worsham, 
was the father of Mrs. Hudgins. Her mother, whose maiden name was 
Judith M. Bland, died in 1856. 

Captain Hudgins was educat<»d at John B.Cary's academy, Hampton, 
and at the Virginia Militiiry Institute, where he graduated in 1852. 
For seven years immediately prec*eding the war, he was farming in 
Elizabeth City county. He entered the Confederate States Army in 
1861, captain of Company E, 32d Virginia regiment, with which he 
served (me year; wa« then aide on staff of Gen. Roger A. Pry or eight 
months; staff of Brig-Gen. Beverly Robinson seven months; aft«r that 
served in the ranks till the close of the war. He was twice wounded in 
service, at Gaines Mills and at Sharpsburg. From 1867 to 1885, Capt. 
Hudgins was again engaged in farming, since the latter date has been 
in his present business, dealer in coal and wood. He has served a« 
comity supervisor, and seven years as school trustee. 


Col. Edgar B. Montague, son of Lewis B. Montague, of Middlesex 
ccmnty, Virginia, married Virginia Eubank, of that county. Their son, 
Edgar E., was born in Halifax county, Virginia, in December, 1862. 
He attended school at the V^irginia A. & M. C., was graduated in law at 
('und)erland University, Teimessee, June 6, 1886, admitted to the Bar 
in the same month at l^l)anon, Tennessee, and in the same year settled 
in Hampton, where he is still practicing. He is captain in commaml, 
Company D, 4th Virginia regiment, to which office he was elei»t^d Sep- 
t4?ml)er 10, 1888. 


His father, Colonel Monta{2^e, commanded the 82d Virginia regiment 
(.'. 8. A., from April, IHGl, to the <'lo8e of the war l»etween the Stat/e«. 
Colonel Montague died February 21, 1885, aged fifty-three yeare. Hi8 
widow surviveH Inm, living now in Middlenex county. 


The subject of this Hket(*h was born at Hampton, Virginia, December 
7, 18*J9. He is the son of Thomas Peek, who was born in February, 
1803, and died in August, 18(>7. His mother, born in April, 1815, and 
died in May, 1878, was Janet Meredith, daughter of Dr. William Hope, 
who was a son of George Hope, of England, who settled at Hampton 
in 1770. After attending tlie Hampton Academy, Judge Peek ent-ered 
the University of Virginia, which he left in the spring of 1 8(51 , to enter 
the military service of his State. 

In the fall of 18(]1 he became Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
and Comnnindant of Cadets in Florence Weslevan Universitv, at Flor- 
ence, Alabanni. He entere<l the Confederate States Army in March, 
1863, and serve<l as aide to Col. E. A. O'Neal, 26th Alabama Infantry, 
commanding Rhode's Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. In June, 
1 863, he wa« appointe<l Professor of Mathematics in the (Confederate 
States Navy, with the rank of Master, afterwards of Ist Lieutenant, 
and so served until the close of the war. 

After the war he returned to Hampton, taught school for one year, 
then entered the law school at the University, where he took the degree 
of Bachelor of Law. In September, 18(>7, he was admitted to the Bar 
at Hampton. In the same year he was appointed by the court Com- 
monwealth's Attoraey, to fill an unexpired term. Four years after he 
wjis elected to that office by the people. He was the first county su|)er- 
intendent of schools for his county and Warwick, under the present 
public school syst-em, and held that office until the republican party 
gained control of the State in 1881. In December, 1885, he was ele(*ted 
by the Virginia legislature Judge of Elizabeth City and Warwick coun- 
ties, which position he still fills. In 1881 he organized the Bank of 
Hampton, of which he is the cashier. Judge Peek is an A. F. and A. 
M., Knight of Pythias, a member of the I. O. 0. F., and of the 
Metho<list Church. 

. In Hampton, at the residence of her mother, March 19, 1872, he 
married Sarah K. Holt, who was born at Portsmouth, Virginia. 
Their fii'st-born son, John L., is now dtM^eased, and their family con- 
sists of two sons and two daughters, William H., Lavinia C., Janet H. 
and George M. Mrs. Peck is the daught<<»r of William Holt and Lavinia 

VtnCiJNtA AMD VmatNtANS. 6f^9 

PhillipH. William Holt died at Portsmouth in 1850, and Lavinia, his 
widow, died at Hampton in 1888. 


The founder of the Whiting family in Virginia settled in Gloneester 
connty in 1 OOO. Kennon Whiting, a lineal descendant, was born in that 
county, August 14, 171)(), and died in Hampton, V^irginia,l)ecemlH»r *.), 
1886. Kennon Whiting married Anne Wythe Mallory, who wjw bom in 
NoHolk, Virginia, Mareh 8, 1808, and died in Hampton, June 28, 1870. 
The Mallory family came to the colony of Virginia al)out 1(517; settled 
in Norfolk and Elizabeth ( Ity counties. Henry ( '. , son of Kennon Whiting 
and his wife Anne, was born in Hampton, December 24, 1882. At Uose- 
land, p]lizal)eth City county, October 29, 1856, he married Mary Simkins, 
second daughter of the late Hon. Joseph Segar. The (children of the 
union wvre five : Segar, Kate Carlyle, Virginia Fairfax, Livingston Fni- 
son and Mattie Kennon. The latter died April 10, 1882, at the age of 
thirteen years. Mrs. H. ('. Whiting died on l)e<*ember 10, 1884, in Hamp- 
t(m, Virginia. 

Mr. H.(\ Whiting attended school at the Hampton Academy. At the 
age of twenty years he engaged in a mercantile business, in Hampton, 
which he ha« followed ever since, except during the years of the war, and 
still continues. He is president of the bank of Hampton, and ha*i been 
since its organization in January, 1881 ; served as councilman of Hamil- 
ton in 1859, and has been school trustee since 1878. 

He entered Confederate 8tat4^s service in April, 1861, as second lieu- 
tenant in the82d Virginia regiment, C. S. A., was appointed captain, P. A. 
C. S., and assigned to staff duty, serving until the close of the war, with 
(ienerals Magruder, Mcliaws, Whiting and Johnston, and surrendered 
with General Jos. K. Johnston's army near Durham, North Carolina, 
April 26, 1865. 

Many whose names are illustrious in the annals of Virginia were of 
the distinguished families from whom Mr. Whiting derives descent. 
Among these may be mentioned his great grandfather. Col. Thomas 
Whiting, who was president of the board of naval commissioners during 
the Revolutionary war; Col. Charles K. Mallory, killed at or near Bethel, 
in service in that war; Chancellor (leorge Wythe, whose re(.*ord appears 
elsewhere in this volume, and who was a cousin to Mr. Whiting's mother, 
and others. 

690 vrRarNTA and vrnariv/ANS. 



The 8iibjeft of this sketch wa* born at Norfolk, Vii"ginia, January 1, 
1827, a Hon of Dr. DenniH Hreniond and Eliza Bi^emond, nee Johnson, 
both now (le<*eafle(l. He married, at Charlotteville, Virginia, Noveinl)er 
18, 1852, Martha Sheptn-d, who was born in Richmond, Vli-ginia, the 
daughter of the hit*? Samuel Slieperd, long an honored resident of Rich- 
mond, State printer there. 

(Colonel Bremond att^ended school in Noriolk until fifteen years of age. 
when he left the Norfolk Academy to begin a business life. He clerked 
for W. H. (ianiett & Co. for {ibout eighteen months, then for a time 
was with Thos. G. Broughton & Co., of the Norfolk Herald. After 
that he was in the drug business with John A. Ludlow and Ludlow &. 
(lomley. He then was with the Virginia Central Railroad, which he left 
to accept position with the Covington & Ohio Railroad. In 1861 he 
was appointed colle<'tor of tax in kind for the Confederate Stat<*s Gov- 
ernment, so serving till the close of the war. Since that time he \\f\» 
been in the employ of the Chesapeake & Ohio R. R., with which he still 
continues, agent at Newport News. 


Resident of Newport News, and clerk of county and circuit courts, War- 
wick <?ounty, was bora in Cincinnati, Ohio, June 22, 1843. He went to 
school in Cincinnati, then to the Mt. Pleasant Military Academy, Sing 
Sing, New York, where he was graduated in 1860. On May 14, 1861, 
he wajs appointed captain, 14th U. S. Infantry ; in 1866 was trans- 
ferred as senior captain 28d V . S. Infantry. He served through the 
war between the States in the Army of the Potomac, and was wounded 
at battle of the Wilderness. In the fall of 1865 accompanied his regi- 
ment to the Pacific coaM, and served in Arizona, California, Oregon 
and Washington Territory. He resigned from the army in 1870, and 
in 1871 settled at Jamestown, James City county, Virginia. In 1876 
he was chief of the Department of Prot-ection, and colonel commanding 
('entennial Guard of the International Exhibition held at Philadelphia. 
In 1883 he was appointed collectoi* of customs at Newport News, Vir- 
ginia. Elect/ed to his present position in 1886, for the term of six 
years. Colonel Clay is Past Master Bemond Lodge 241 , A. F. & A. M. ; 


an Odd Fellow, Past Department Commander, Dep0,rtment of Vii*ginia, 
Grand Army of the Republic, is a member of the Slilitary Order of the 
Loyal Legion, also of Society of the Army of the Potomac. 

He is a son of Ralph A. Clay, who was born at Newark, New Jersey, 
An^st 7, 1816, and died July 29, 1860; is grandson of Ralph Clay, 
of Georgia, whose father was Joseph Clay, paymaster general of 
Georgia in the Revolutionary war, coming from England. The mother 
of Colonel Clay, was bom July 16, 1816, died July 5, 1873; she was 
Lucy Ann Gassaway, born in Baltimore, Maryland, daughter of Henry 
and Rachel Gassaway, of Maryland, whose parents came from England 
and Wales. Colonel day has been twice married, his l^rst wife Hattie 
Fields, of New York City, whom he wedded in 1871, w^ho bore him two 
children, a son, Ralph, born in New York April 5, 1872, and a daughter, 
Ethel, who was born in New York October 2d, 1873. He married again 
in 1887, Miss F. A. Eager, of Montgomery, New York. 


Son of Joseph and Mary (Smith) Cla^'ton, both now de<.'eased, wa« 
born in the State of New Jei*sey, on March 4, 1832. He married in that 
State, January 16, 1858, Hannah A. S(;ull, born in New Jersey, and 
their children are two daughters, Mary M. and Susanna B. Mrs. Clay- 
ton's parents were Abel Scull, now deceased, and Annie W. (Idell) Scull, 
now living in Philadelphia. 

Mr. Clayton went to school in his native State until ten years of age, 
when he went to sea. He served in all positions on board a vessel, and 
at the jige of tw^enty-one years was nmde Captain of the schooner 
**Wicsicken.'' His last service at sea was as captain of the si'hooner 
'*J. V. Claj'ton." His Imsiness has always been conne<'ted with shipping 
interests. He <*dnie to Richmond, Virginia, in September, 1870, to 
Newpoi-t News in May, 1882. He has followefl the occupation of steve- 
dore for many years, in the employ of the C. & O. R. R. at Newport 
News. Since July 1, 1887, he ha« been sheriflF of Warwick county, and 
is still serving. 


Was born April 9, 18r)7, in the city of Williamsburg, Vu'ginia. His 
wife's nmiden name was Annie New, and she was born in Lexington, 
Missouri. They were married at Hampton, Virginia, Dei^emlier 22, 
1885, and have one son, A. C. Jones, jr., born February 2, 1887. 

Dr. Jones started to school at the tige of nine years, to a teacher 
named John C. King, having been previously pretty well prepai'ed at 
home by an older sister. After going to King one session he went to 


the Grammar and Matty school, preparatory department of William 
and Mary CoUe^, where he continue<l until the age of fifteen years and 
a few months, when he entered William and Mary College, where he con- 
tinned studying until the College Commencement of 1875. He then left 
that college with many regrets, a« in one year moi*e he would have 
taken his degi*ee. But, his father having died when he was only fifteen 
years old, and his estate having l)een consumed by security debts for 
other people, he was forced by that stern necessity which knows no law 
and shows no leniency to any, to hasten to that calling by which he 
hoped to make an honest and comfortal)le living. 

In the fall of 1875 he commenced a regular course of medicine at tlie 
Virginia Medical College, at Richmond, which he attended three ses- 
sions. At the close of tlie se<!ond session he took the degree of Ph. G., 
and at close of third session, full degree of Do(^tor of Me<licine. Imme- 
diately in March, 1878, he began the practice of his profession at his 
home in Williamsburg. Beginning practice at such an early age, he 
would not have chosen to follow his profession in his native place, 
where he had been known as a mischievous l)ov but a few years Iwfoiv, 
and naturally wjis still so remembered, but it was there his aged and 
infirm mother was living, there her life liad been spent, what little prop- 
erty remained to her was there, and Dr. Jones was the only son left to 
look after her and his younger sister, the other children having mar- 

Under these circumstances he remained in Williamsburg until his 
mother's death. In January, 1884, he removed to Newport News; in 
the following year served in the (lovernment Quarantine at Biloxf, Mis- 
sissippi, and at Cape Charles, Vii'ginia. In the fall of the same year he 
left this service, and returned to Newport News, to resume practice. In 
that same fall the Democrati(* party succeeded in regaining the control 
of the Statx^, and in the following spring Dr. Jones waw appointed Quar- 
antine officer of the port of Newport News, which position he ha« held 
ever since. Residen(;e, Newport News. 


Superintendent of the Old Dominion Land Company, at Newport News, 
Virginia, was bom at Lumberville, Bucks county, Pennsylvania. He 
is a son of Allen and Mary A. ((iordon) Livezey, now of Ynrdley, Penn- 
sylvania, and a grandson of Robert Livezey, formerly of Pennsylvania. 
His paternal ancestor, Jonathan Livezey, came from England and 
settled in Pennsylvania in 1G82. His maternal ancestor, James Pax- 
son, of B^^cot House, Oxfordshire, England, settled in Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1682. He mamed at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 


November 15, 1865, a union bleHHOtl with three yonH: Harry ('., now 
i*e8i(ling in New York eity; Walter B., living at Newport News ; Her- 
beiii 8., now in Yardley, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Livezey'8 school days were pjxsHed in his native town. At the 
age of fifteen years he went into a i*etail drug store in the city of Phih#- 
delphia. He entered the Unit^nl States Army on his twenty -second 
birth-day, August 20, 18(52, and ivceived honorable dischai'ge from 
service in April, 1805. He wivs a buihUng contractor from that time 
until 1877; then had charge of a lumber and coal yard for Alex. B. 
(ii-een, Greeneburg, New Jersey, until March, 1881, at which time he 
received appointment as superintendent of construction for the Old 
Dominion Land Company, which position he held until appointed, in 
1885, to the office he now holds for this company. Mr. Livezey is a 
member of the Society of Friends. 


The Phillips family have long l)een seated in Virginia. Jos<»ph Phillips, 
of Hampton, was the father of Joseph Phillips, the last named Joseph 
Phillips, a soldier of the Confederate States Army,col(mel commanding 
the 8d Texas Cavalry, killed in service at Donaldsville, Louisiana. Col. 
Joseph Phillips married Mary T. Morrow, who survives him, now living 
at Hampton, and their son Edwin was bom in Hampton, in 1860. 

Edwin Phillips attended school at Morrison, Warwick county, and at 
Hampton. He began business in Hampton as clerk for D. (1. Morrow, 
with whom he remained for six years, then clerked for S. C. Bickford, of 
Hampton, fifteen montlis. Removing to Newpoi-t News, he began busi- 
ness for himself, in 1886, as merchant, in which he still continues. He 
is also post-master at Newport News. 


lUirn at Newport News, January 10, 18?J0, \ii\» educated at the Hamp- 
ton Academy, and in the University of Virginia. During the war be- 
tween the States he served in the qunrtermaster's department, C. S. A., 
stationed at Richmond. Returning to Newport News at the close of 
the wnr, he engnged in farming and merchandising, following the latter 
occupation continuously, and carrying on a stove store at the present 

He is a son of Parker West, who died December, 1871, and a grand- 
son of Benjamin West, whose father was an English gentleman settling 
in Virginia. The mother of Mr. West, whose maiden name was Mary 
Bell, and who was of Scotch extraction, died in February, 1865. 




Born ill Williaiuslmr^, Vir^nia, in 1857, is a 8(3n of Robert H. Ar- 
inintead, who wjih horn in Elizabeth City county, Virp:inia, near Hampton, 
April 12, 1804, and died near Williainnbur^, October 22, 1888. The 
mother of ('ary Peyton, born near Jamestown, now many years dead, 
wjis Julia S. Travis befoi^e marriage! His wife is Eudora Esther, 
(laughter of I). R. and Mary E. A. (Tinsley) Jones, of Hanover County, 
Virginia, where she was born. They were marrieil in Williamsburg, in 
August, 1888. 

Mr. Armistead attended school in Williamsburg, first to his aunt, 
Mrs. Southall, second to Dr. Griffin, third the Grammar and Mtitty 
school; then took the collegiate course at William and Mary Collegts 
where he graduated in June, 1876. He taught in the Grammar and 
Matty school for a time, then studied law at the Univei-sity of Virginia. 
Admitted to the Bar he wa« in practice a short time, until he gave that 
up to ai'cept his present office, May 4, 1884, as steward and tivasurer 
of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum. He has been a notary public for the 
last eight years ; is a member of the M. E. (^hurch. South. 

Mr. Armistead had two brothers in the Confederate States Arinv, 
Robert T., served through the war and was twice wounded ; Win. Chaiu- 
pion, died soon after entering servi(;e. 


storekeeper for the Eastern Lunatics Asylum, at Williamsburg, wan 
born at Williamsburg, in 185(5. His father, Archie Brooks, born in 
Williamsburg, served in the late war, C. S. A., died in March, 1888, aged 
fifty-six years. His mother, whose maiden name wa« Margerette L. 
Mahone, still lives in Williamsburg. He wa« married in Williamsburj^, 
August 23, 1881, his wife, born in James City county, Virginia, being 
Lucy R., daughter of Parke and Martha J. (Menley) Jones, residents of 
that county. They have four children : Beulah, Edna Lorene, Archie 
and Lucy R. 

Mr. Brooks attended school in Williamsburg, after that was a student 
at William and Mary College three years. He has held his present po- 
sition since 1884. 


JOHN clopton: m. d. 

John, son of William Edmund Clopton, and grandson of Hon. John 
Clopton, of New Kent county, Virginia, was bom in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, January 6, 1835. His mother's maiden name was Mtiry A. 
Aperson. He married, at James City, Virginia, July 6, 1875, Willie S. 
Piggott, who was bom at James City, and is a daughter of Fielding 
and Eliza H. Piggott. Their children are five, bom in the order named : 
John Fielding, William Edmund, Martha A., Mary E., Gteorge Izard. 

Dr. Clopton attended school in Stewart county, Tennessee, and New 
Kent, Virginia. He graduated in medicine at the Virginia Medical 
College on March 9, 1857, and practiced until the beginning of the war 
in Caroline county, Virginia, New Kent and Richmond. In 1861 he en- 
tered service. Company F, Richmond volunteers, and was soon after 
appointed assistant surgeon, Ist Texas Infantry. Later he was as- 
signed as surgeon to the 16th Georgia regiment. After the battle of 
('hickamauga he was appointed medical purveyor of Longstreet's 
Corps, so serving until after the battle of the Wilderness. Then he was 
appoints post purveyor at Petersburg, Virginia, then purveyor of 
North Carolina until the close of the war. Returning to Richmond, he 
engaged in practice there until, in 1868, he was appointed, by the Fed- 
eral (Government, assistant physician at the Eastern Lunatic Asyhim, 
Williamsburg. He filled that ])osition until the election of Governor 
Cameron, after which he practiced in Charles City county, until 1884, 
then returned to the Asylum, resuming the duties of Assistant Physi- 
cian, in which he still continues. Dr. Clopton is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. 


Born in Norfolk, Virginia, is a son of Andrew T. Constable, now de- 
ceased, and a grandson of Ja<*ob Constable. His mother, who is of the 
Armistead family, is now living in Williamsburg. His wife, whom he 
married in Norfolk, on January 8, 1888, is Rosa P., daughter of John 
R. and Fannie C. Powell, now of Norfolk. She wa« born in Bertie 
county. North Carolina. Mr. Powell was in service in the Confederate 
States Army, rank of lieutenant, and was wounded and made prisoner, 
and held at Governors Island, New York Harbor. 

Mr. Constable attended school at the Hampton Military Academy, 
then took a collegiate course at the William and Mary College. After 
finishing his education he engaged for a time in farming, then in mer- 
cantile pursuits. He has a commission business now in Williamsburg, 
and is superintendent of the public schools of that city. He has also 


Horvod in the city eoiineil, and filleil the office of juHtice of the i)e*ut». 
He i8 a member of tlie H4»pt'08oph8 Hoc'iety; of the Kniglits of tlie 
(loUien Rule; and a Good Templar. 


Ih a Hon of Allen Dnvin, who died in lH(>.-5, and Mary (Mahone) Dhvik, 
who died in 1H4.'J. He was born in Willianmbui*^, on March 22, 1h;^7, 
and has be<»n twice married. His first wife, who died May 5>, 1H78, age<l 
twenty-one years, wa« felia E. Perrin, and their children were two: 
Martin P., now deceased; Genevra P. In Williamsburg, in January, 
1S76, Mr. Davis married Virginia K. Russell, who wa« bom in Bath, 
Maine, and they have four children: Allen R., Ruth T., Ray M. and 
John R. 

Mr. Davis went to school in Williamsburg for ten years, then lM»gan ii 
mercantile business in that city, which he followed until 1859. In that 
yeairhewentto Richmond, and there engaged in a wholesale gi'ocery buni- 
ness, which he continued until the war. After the war he ivturneil to 
Williamsburg, and again entered into business there, in which he still 
continues. He is now president of the school board of Williamsburg. 


Dr. Henley wiis born in Williamsburg, April 11,1H21, and ha« alw^ays 
livtnl \\\ that city. He was educated at William and Mary College, and 
graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in 1847. After 
that he practiced in Blockley Hospital for seven years, then came to 
Williamsburg where he has been in practice ever since, except when in 
military service. He entered the Confederate States army in 1861, 
sergeant in the 32d Vii*ginia regiment, and in the same year waa aj)- 
pointed assistant surgeon, serving after that most of the time in hospital 
at Petersburg, Virginia. In 1865 he was appointed superintendent of 
the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, where he remained until the Federals took 
possession. In 1887 he was appointed assistant physician at the Asylum 
and is so serving now. 

He is a son of Leonard Heidey, who was born in James City county, 
Virginia, and died in 18:n, aged forty-two years, and Harriet T. ((?oke) 
Henley, also now de<^eased. The patemid grandfather of Dr. Henley 
wjis also named Leonard, and his great grandfather bore the same naui<». 
The latter came from England to Virginia. The wife of Dr. Henley is 
Rebecca, daughter of Henry Harrison, Commodoi*e United States Navy, 
and Elizabetli (Ruffin) Cocke, both now deceased. She was born in Prince 
George county, Virginia, and they were married in that county on 


November 29, 1855. They have one daughter, Elizabeth H., and one 
Hon, Ijeonard. Dr. Henley is a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

Dr. Leonard Henley is a direc't descendant of the old and honored 
family of Cokes, of. Tmsley, Derbyshire, England, which estate is now 
in their possession. The family history goes bark to 1348. Among the 
representatives of this family were Lord Chesterfield ; Lord Pal mei*ston, 
Premier; Lord Melbourne, Premier; Lord Cowper, late of Ireland. 


Was born in James City county, Virginia, on April 10, 1842. He 
attended a private school in Williamsburg, and then took a collegiate 
course at William and Mary College. On his nineteenth birthday, April 
10, 18(>1, he entered military service, in a company which later became 
C(mipanyC,82d Virginia Infantry. He was promoted sergeant in 1862, 
second lieutenant in 1868, and served until the surrender at Apponmt- 
tox, taking part in battles of Seven Pines, the seven days fighting 
around Richmond, Harpers Ferry, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Cold 
Harbor, Howlett Line, Sailor's Creek and others. Returning home he 
engaged in farming until 1872, then established himself in his pr-esent 
business, druggist. He has held publi(* office as member of the city 
council, justice of the peace and school trustee. The parents of Mr. 
Jones were H. T. Jones, sr., who was born in James City county, in 
1814, and died May 12, 1872, and Mary A. H. Jones, died in January, 
1881. The father was a son of Allan Jones, of York county, Virginia, 
whose father was Daniel Jones, of James ( 'ity county, Virginia. 

The subject of this sketch nmrried in WiHiamsburg, June 10, 1867, 
Mary Southall, of W^illiamsburg. Their children are two sons, Marion 
Ambler and Hugh W. Mrs. Jones is the daughter of Albert G. South- 
all, who died August, 1862. Her mother, whose maiden name was Vir- 
ginia F. Travis, died in August, 1880. Her family are of English dim- 
cent, early settlei*s in Tidewater Virginia. 


Was born in Matthews county, Virginia, January 6, 1889, and wjis 
educated in his native county. He is a son of John H. Lane, who wa« 
born in Matthews county, and died in 1884, and Nancy (Ransome) 
Lane, who died in 1848. His wife is Mattie S., daughter of William L. 
S[)encer, now deceased, and Martha G. (Richardson) Spencer. She was 
born in James City county, Virginia, and they were married in that 
county,on July 26, 1860. Their children were born in the order named : 
L. W., Martha L., Carrie D., Cora, Mary G., Susie (now deceased). 


Mattie (now deceased), Oscar, Henry G. (now deceased), Spencer, 
Walter G. 

Mr. Lane has been a farmer and merchant all his life, and is still en- 
fj^a^ed in those avocations. He hajs served as county treasurer and as 
sheriff. He entered the Confe<lerate Sttites Army at the bepnning of 
the war, and served until its close. Entering service as a private in 
Company H, 5th Virginia Cavalry, he was promoted second lieutenant, 
then captain of that company; was wounded at Kelleys Ford, tigain 
at C/cdar Creek; was made prisoner at Hanover C. H., but paroled 
same day. 


Hugh Mercer, of Scotland, came to Americ^a in colonial days. He en- 
tered the Continental army in the war for Independence, received rank 
of genend, and was killed in that war, battle of Princeton, New Jersey. 
His son. Colonel Hugh Mercer, was the father of John C. Mercer, who 
was born in FredericksbUi-g, Virginia, and died in March, 1884, aged 
seventy-two years. John C. Mercer married Mary Waller, who survives 
him, living now in North (.'arolina. Their son, John Leyboume Mercer, 
was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, August 2, 1849. He went to 
school to various teachert* in Williamsburg about five years, then at- 
tended William and Mary College two sessions. After that clerked in 
mercantile establishments until 1868, when he was appointed to his 
present position, which he has held ever since, except for two years from 
March, 1882 to March, 1884. He is clerk and steward of the Eastern 
Lunatic Asylum, Williamsburg. 

He married at Williamsburg, March 31, 1875, Jean Sinclair Bright. 
They have two daughters, Jean C, Mary W., and one son, T. Hugh 
Mercer. Mrs. Mercer was born in Williamsburg, and is a daughter of 
Samuel F. and Elizabeth Bright. Her father died in 18G8, her mother 
in 1872. 

Mr. Mercer had two brothers in the Confederate States army,Thoma« 
Hugh Mercer, first lieutenant in artillery, severely wounded at Seven 
Pines, and C. W. Mercer, a private in Col. Mosby's command, ctiptui-ed 
and held prisoner at Fort Delaware fourteen months. 

Mr. Mercer is a member of Williamsburg Lodge, No. (5, A. F. & A. M. 


Present superintendent of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, Williamsburg, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, in 1842. After attending the Abbott 
school, in Fauquier county, Virginia, he was sent abroad, and studied at 
Rernhardts Austallt, Meiningen, Germany ; College Rollin, Paris, France ; 
the Heidelberg University, Germany, where he began his medical studies. 

VinatNtA AND VtnGtNlANS, * COO 

Returning to Virginia, he entered the Virginia Military Institute, where 
he was at the breaking out o! the war between the States. He served 
through the war, first in the corps of cadets, as drill master at Camp 
I.iee; then in the field in a Virg:inia cavalry regiment. Resuming his 
medical studies, he attended the University of Virginia and the University 
of Maryland, graduating from the latter. He practiced medicine in 
Baltimore; in Fauquier county, Virginia; in Richmond; in Huntington; 
again in Richmond. A profound student of the great profession to 
which he devotes his life, Dr. Moncure has made a special study of menttil 
and nervous diseases. He has filled tlie chair of adjunct professor at 
the Medical College of Virginia ; he founded, in 1876, the " Pinel Hospital, ' ' 
near Richmond, and was its first superintendent; in 1884 was elected 
to lys present position, which he haB filled continuously since that time. 
He has received from the (.'ollegede France degree of Bachelier es Lettres 
et m Science; is a member of the Medico Legal Society, and chairman 
of its Committee on Naturalization for Virginia. 

At St. Pauls (Episcopal) Church, Richmond, Virginia, October 11, 
1871, Dr. Moncure married Annie Patterson McCaw, of Richmond. 
Their living children are three: Gabriella Brooke, James Dunlap, 
William Anderson Patterson, and they have buried three: Richard 
Cary Ambler, died in 1873, aged ten days; Delia Ann, died in 1876, 
aged eight months; James Dunlap, died in 1878, aged a few hours. 

The genealogy of Dr. Moncure's family in America is thus traced : 
Gerard Fowlke (or Ffolk) of Gunston Hall, England, settled near Port 
Tobacco, Maryland, in 1680. His daughter Frances married Dr.Gustavus 
Brown, and their daughter Frances married, in 1788, Rev. John 
Moncure. The latter came to America, in 1710, as a physician, later 
became a minister of the Episcopal Church. The name Moncure was 
originally Moncoeur, changed in Scotland to Moncur and Monkur, latei* 
in America to Moncure. William, son of Rev. John Moncure and wife, 
married Sarah Elizabeth Henry. Their son, Henry Wood Moncure, was 
bom in Richmond, and died in 1866, aged sixty-six years. He married 
Katharine Cary Ambler, and Dr. James Dunlap Moncure is their son. 

Annie Patterson, wife of Dr. Moncure, is a daughter of Dr. James 
Brown McCaw and his wife, Delia Ann, nee Patterson. Dr. McCaw is a 
son of Dr. William McCaw, who was a son of Dr. James Drew McCaw, 
whose father was Surgeon McCaw, of Lord Dunmore's staflF. 


John Trevihan, a Huguenot refugee from France, came to the colony 
of Virginia and founded the family in the Old Commonwealth. His son 
John was the father of Col. John M. Trevilian, who was born in Gooch- 
land county, Virginia, and who.die<l in 1878, aged seventy-three years. 

?00 Vt^OI^lA At^D VlkGimA^S. 

Colonel Trevilian marrie<l Mary C. Ai*gyle, who died in 1878, a^eil 
seventy years. Capt. Charles B. Trevilian is their son, and was bom in 
(loochland county, September 15, 183H. 

He received his education in Hampden-Sidney College and in the 
University of Virginia. He entered the Confederate States army in 
IHOl, Company F, 4th Virginia Cavalry, and wa« promoted captain of 
the company. At Gettysburg he wjis wounded and made prisoner, and 
was held twenty-two months on Johnsons Island, Lake Erie. After 
release he rejomed his command, and was again wounded, at High 
Bridge, in the retreat to Appomattox. Captain Trevilian held the 
office of collector of revenue in New Kent county, Virginia, one year, 
and for the last two years has fille<l the position he is now holding in 
the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, Williamsburg, that of supervisor. 

He marrieil in Rockbridge county, Virginia, March 1, 1865, Mary S. 
Houston, who was bom in that county, the daughter of Dr. David S. 
Houston, who died in 18()4, and Nancy (Dix) Houston, who died in 
1887. Nannie H., eldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Trevilian, is now de- 
ceased; their living children are three: Mary R., Blanche E. and 
(Jardner H. 


Was born at his fatlier's residence, "Sherwood Forest,'' in Charles City 
county, Virginia, in August, 1853. He is a son of President John Ty- 
ler, by his se<?ond marriage, with Julia Gardiner of Gardiners Island, 
New York. The founder of the Tyler family in Virginia was Henry 
Tyler, who came from England and settled at Middle Plantation in 
1 ()53. Further records of this eminent family will be found on nmny 
of the preceding pages of Virginia and Virginians, more especially in 
Volume 1, pp. 108-108. 

The wife of LyonCJardiner Tyler, whom he married in Pulaski county, 
Virginia, November 14, 187H, was bom in Charlottsville, Virginia, 
Annie, daughter of Col. St. George Tucker, son of Judge St. 
(Jeorge Tucker, whose father was Judge St. (ieorge Tucker, who came 
from Island of Bermuda to Virginia. Her mother is Lizzie, daught4»r 
of Thonms W. (iilmer. former Secretary of the Navy, whose wife wa« 
Anne Baker. Mr. and Mrs. Tyler have three children: Julia Gardiner, 
Lizzie Gilmer and John. 

Mr. Tyler finished his education at the University of Virginia, which 
he entered in February, 1870, graduating in July, 1875, with Degrt^es 
of Bachelor and Master of Arts. During his Cnivereity career he was 
twice elected orator of the Jefferson Society, an<l obtained a scholarship) 
as best editor of the University nuigazine. The year following his 
graduation he studied law with John B. Minor, Es(j. In January, 

Vl^omTA AMD VtRGT^TTAl^^, 701 

1877, he was elected Professor of Belles Lettres in William and Mary 
College, which position he ably filled until, in November, 1878, he went 
to Memphis, Tennessee, where he was head of a high school for four 
years. In September, 1882, he returned to Virginia, settled in Rich- 
mond, practiced law, and took an active interest in politics. In 1885 
he ran for the House of Delegates, one of seven candidates, but was 
not elected. In 1887 he was again nominated for Itepresentative and 
was elected. In the House of Delegates he rendered distinguished ser- 
vice to Virginia, successfully championing the labor bureau, child labor, 
and William and Mary College bills, all of which he argued were neces- 
sary for the education of the people and the best interests of the State. 
Mr. Tyler is the author of "The Letters and Times of the Tylei-s," 
spoken of on page 107 of this work, a work not only of value as a 
biography of his grandfather. Governor Tyler, and his father, the 
President, but also as an authentic and interesting history of events 
from 1776 to 1861. On August, 22, 1888, Mr. Tyler received merited 
recognition as a scholar, a literateur, and a Virginian, in his election to 
the position he now fills, as President of William and Mary College. 


In colonial days William Wharton came from England to Virginia, 
settling in Culpeper County. His son John settled in Albemarle county, 
Virginia, and had a son also named John, who was the father of John 
Austin Wharton, who was bom in Bedford county, and who died June 
20, 1888, aged eighty-five years. John Austin Wharton married Isa- 
bella Brown, who survives him, living now in Liberty, Virginia. Their 
son is the subject of this sketch, Lyman Brown Wharton, born in 
Liberty, Virginia. 

After the usual preliminary education, he entered the University of 
Virginia, which he attended sessions of two years, and gi*aduated in the 
schools of ancient and modern languages. He took orders in the Pro- 
testant Epis(;opal Church and Jiad charge of Corn well Parish, Charlotte 
county, Virginia, until he became chaplain of the 59th Virginia Infantry, 
C. S. A., with which he remained until its surrender at Appomattox, 
lie then took charge of a church in Abingdon, Virginia; in 1870 became 
professor of Greek and German, at William and Mary College, where he 
remained until 1881, becoming then associate principal of Norwood 
High School, Nelson county, Vii*ginia. Subsequently he was professor 
of languages in Hanover Academy, Virginia, and in Bellevue High 
School, Bedford county, Virginia. In 1886 he was professor of Ancient 
Languages in the Maryland Military and Naval Academy, Oxford, 
Maryland. In 1888 he returned to Williamsburg and became pro- 

702 vrnGimA a^d vinGimANS. 

fesflor of languages in college of William and Mary, which position 
he still fills. 

Mr. Wharton married in Richmond, Virginia, December 27, 1877, 
Martha Paulina Taylor. She was bom in Henrico county, near Rich- 
mond, and is the daughter of the Inte Henry Porterfield Taylor and 
Cornelia Taylor, nee Storrs. Her mother still lives in Richmond ; her 
father died there, November 19, 1887, aged seventy years. He wa* a 
son of Col. Edmund Taylor, who served in the war of 1812, and at a 
later period was the first wiptain of the old military organization in 
Richmond, the **Richmond Blues." The father of Colonel Taylor was 
Edmund Taylor, Esq., of Taylorsville, Hanover county, Virginia. 

Mr. Wharton had one brother in service inthelate war, John, a c-adet 
at the Virginia Military Institute, who pai-tieipat-ed in the service of the 
cadets in the field, including that in Newmarket battle. 



Dr. Alderson was born on the IHth of December, 1816, near Union, 
Monroe county, (then) Virginia. He was a son of Davis Alderson, who 
was born near Alderson, Monroe county, and came to Washington 
county in 1823, and a grandson of Thoma« Alderson, who was born in 
Greenbrier county. His mother was also of a Virginia family. Miss 
Catherine Thrasher, of Botetourt county. 

At Lebanon, Russell county, Virginia, in 1841, Dr. Alderson marrieil 
Mary P. Gibson, the Rev. Samuel Gibson uniting them. The record of 
tlieir children is: Joseph, now a physician at Meadow View, Virginia: 
Franklin M,, killed on the Gettysburg campaign ; Charles W., a farmer ; 
Henry C, an attomey-at-law of Tazewell C. H., Virginia; Mary C., now 
Mrs. Buchanan; Martha A., now Mrs. Preston. The four sons were 
all soldiers of Virginia in the late war, entering service at the respective 
ages of fifteen, sixteen, seventeen and eighteen years. One gave his life 
to the cause ; three were with Lee at the surrender. 

Mrs. Alderson was born at (Copper Creek, Russell county, on March 
19, 1821, the daughter of William Gibson, Esq., whose father was Rev. 
Samuel Gibson, of the M. E. Church. Her mother was a daughter of 
George Peery, a prominent citizen of Tazewell county. 


Dr. Alderson has been a successful practitioner of medicine for forty- 
eight years ; nineteen years in Russell county, twenty-nine years in 
Washington county. He has had ten medical students, all of whom 
have become successful practitioners, some distinguished in their chosen 


Is a son of Davis Alderson and Catharine Alderson, nee Thrasher, whose 
family line is given in the re<*ord preceding this. He was born near 
Union, Monroe county, (then) Virginia, January 7, 1820. Captain 
Alderson ha« been twice married, and the father of nineteen children. 
His first marriage >vas with Lydia, daughter of Rev. Andrew Patterson, 
Baptist clergyman of Washington county, whose wife was Elizabeth 
('ole, from Smyth county. Lydia Patterson was born December 17, 
1824, became the wife of Captain Alderson, December 24, 1840, and 
died on April 1, 1866. Secondly, Captain Alderson married Mary, 
daughter of Hugh and Elizabeth Ree<l, of Washington county, and 
widow of John Ketron. This marriage was solemnized July 7, 1868, at 
the home and birthplace of Mrs. Alderson, near Abingdon. The Reed 
family are among the oldest in Washington county, Hugh Reeil the son 
of John Reed. 

The children of Captain Alderson's firat marriage ai*e : Elizabeth K., 
now Mrs. S. P. Edmondson, of Friendship, Virginia; Davis, twice 
wounded at Cedar Run, near Culpeper C. H., died of wounds at Flint 
Hill, Virginia, September 17,1864; two infants, died unnamed; Andrew, 
who was also a soldier in the Confederate army at age of fourteen years, 
and in battle of Saltville, now hving in Texas; Ann E., now Mre. T. J. 
Tilson, of Hunt county, Texas; Thomas R., now a merchant at (Camp- 
bell, Hunt county, Texas: Virginia C, now Mrs. Henry Swift, of Hunt 
county, Texas ; Miriam M., now Mrs. John Minich, of Wood county, 
Texas; George, deceased; Lydia J., now Mrs. John Roberts, of Wash- 
ington county; William K. H., now in Hunt county, Texas; Christo- 
pher Da^i^on, now of Washington Territory. The children of the second 
marriage are: Mary A.; Davis, deceased; Maggie, John J., Martha 
and George. 

Captain Alderson filled the office of magistrate two years in Wrish- 
ington county. He was some time captain of militia previous to the 
war, and captain and commissary of subsistance at Abingdon during 
the entire four years of that war. He had eight nephews in active service, 
two of whom were killed, one falling on the Gettysburg campaign, the 
other in battle at Winchester, fall of 1864. Captain Alderson resides on 
the farm he cultivates, near Moab. 



The subject of this sketch was bom near Abingdon, March 4, 1841, 
his family, both on paternal and maternal side, having been residents 
of the county of Washington from its firnt settlement. His father was 
John Baker, who lived four miles west of Abingdon, and his father's 
father was Isaac Baker, also a farmer of the county. His mother was 
Susannah, daughter of Abram Hortenstine, of Washington county. 
His wife was bomat Pleasant Hill, Smyth county, Noveml^er 16,1845, 
and they were married near Abingdon, October 25, 1867. She is Sue 
C, daughter of Hon. Joseph W.Davis and his wife Lucy, nee Armstrong. 
Her father's residence was six miles north of Abingdon. He served in 
the Virginia legislature a number of terms, both branches. Senate and 
Lower House. 

Nine children were bom to Dr. and Mrs. Baker: Joseph H., Lucy S., 
Betsy, Charles A., Alexander D. (now deceased), Mary M., (deceased), 
Pancost, John, Henry Hortenstine. 

Dr. Baker volunteered his services to Virginia at the opening of the 
war between the States, and served as assistant surgeon of the 1st Vir- 
ginia Cavalry through that war, taking part in all the engagements of 
Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry. H^ had two brothers in service, Joseph H., 
killed at Spotsylvania C. H., and Isaac, woundeil and lost arm at Vicks- 

Dr. Baker is settled in practice in Abingdon. 


The subject of this sketch is the oldest son of Dr. William Barr, who 
was bom in Greenbrier county, (then) Virginia, and raised in Halifax 
county, Virginia. The father of Dr. Wm. Barr was Isaac Barr, who 
was bom in Fairfax county, Virginia. When sixteen years of age, he 
(Isaac Barr) volunteered as a private in the Revolutionary Army, and 
continued in the service of his country till the war closed, and then re- 
ceived an honorable discharge. He soon thereafter married a Miss 
Foster, and removed to Greenbrier county. Dr. William Barr removed 
from Halifax count}', Virginia, to Stokes county. North Carolina , where 
he married Rebecca Ray. The son, George R., was born in that county, 
July 25, 1810. In November, 1823, the family made their home in Ab- 
ingdon, where Dr. William Barr died in 1858. 

Rev. George R. Barr has been twice married, his first wife Sarah, 
daughter of Jacob Rodefer, of Shenandoah county, Virginia. She was 
bom in that coimty, became the wife of Dr. Barr in Abingdon, October 
25, 1831, and died on March 12, 1874. Eight liWng children are the 
issue of this marriage : Mary E. C, Ann Maria, John W., Margaret J., 


William F., David, Lizzie P. and Henry C. John, David and Henry 
gallantly represented this honored family in the army of the South, 
during the late war. John now resides in Abingdon, David at Smith- 
field, Virginia; Henry in Atlanta, Georgia. Dr. Barr married secondly 
in New York, on June 7, 1877, Rev. Mr. Bailey officiating clergyman, 
Martha J., daughter of Col. Augustine Sackett, of New York, born in 
Canandaigua, that State, June 10, 1880. 

The record of the public services of Dr. Barr shows a life devoted to 
the service of humanity. He was ordained a minister in the Methodist 
Protestant Church in 1842, was several years president of the Virginia 
Conference of that church, a number of times represent-ative to the 
General Conference and to various conventions of the church. From 
September 1, 1841, to February 13, 1873, he was associate editor and 
proprietor of the Abingdon Virginmn, Charles B. Cole associated with 
him as senior editor. He has been twenty-two years conse<*utively 8e(*- 
retary of Waterman Lodge, No. 219, A. F. & A. M., and for the last 
five years secretary of McCabe Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., No. 56. 


Was born in Franklin county, Virginia, on February 20, 1852. He at- 
tended school at Rocky Mount, Virginia, under the instructions of his 
uncle, Judge Thomas H. Bernard, and later went to Philadelphia. 
From that city he came to Abingdon December 1, 1886, and with his 
brother-in-law, Robert M. Brice, established his present business, under 
the firm name and style of **TheWjishingtonHardwareCo.,"the largest 
hardware establishment in the county, carrying on a general hardware 
business. His father was Samuel G. Bright, who served through the 
late war in Early's command, C. S. A., and was a prisoner at Fort 
Delaware, the last nine months of the war. Michael Bright, uncle of 
George M., was two years in service. Another uncle is Jesse D. Bright, 
of Indiana, at one time governor of that State. The Hon. John M. 
Bright, distinguished statesman of England, is another uncle of George 


Is a life-long resident of Washington county, where his ancestors settled 
more than one hundred years ago, coming from Augusta county, Vir- 
ginia. He was bom on March 9, 1817, on the family estate, about 
twelve miles east of Abingdon, the son of William Buchanan, who was 
the son of Mathew Buchanan (whose wife w^as Miss Elizabeth Edmond- 
son), who was the son of Andrew Buchanan (who married Joanna Hay). 
His mother was Jean, daughter of Benjamin Keys, of this count^^ who 
married Elizabeth Stuart. 


At Saltville, October 31, 1851, M. H. Buchanan was married by Rev. 
Joseph Haskew to Miss Elizabeth Goode, who was bom in this county, 
near the old Iron Works, December 1, 1824. The issue of this marriage 
is two sons, Robert G., Thomas F., and three daughters, Bettie H., 
Margaret K., Rachel B. Mrs. Buchanan is the daughter of John Goode, 
who was a son of William Goode, of Chesterfield county, Virginia. Her 
mother was Ann, daughter of Conley Finley of Abingdon, who came to 
Virginia from Ireland, about 1797. 

Mr. Buchanan was exempted, on account of age, from field service in 
the late war, but was an active member of the County Advisory Board. 
He had one brother in service in the Reserve Troops, and one who served 
in the 37th Virginia Regiment, and was severely -wounded. Mr. Bu- 
chanan has always followed farming as an occupation, and has ably 
filled the office of sheriff four years, deputy sheriff twelve years. 


The subject of this sketch, a farmer four miles north of Abingdon on 
the Lebanon pike, was born on the 16th of October, 1828, in Franklin 
county, Virginia. On the 29th of September, 1853, near Abingdon, he 
was united in marriage to MaryE. G. Price, who was bom in Abingdon, 
on October 24, 1834. They have two daughters, Sarah Jane, now Mrs. 
Wm. S. Fleenor, and Emma A. C. 

Previous to the late war, Mr. Butt was a captain in the State militia; 
and being subje(*t to military duty was, in 1863, by order of the War 
Department, Confederate States government, detailed to manufacture 
hats for the army, at Rice Spring, Virginia, and so continued until the 
close of the war. He had three brothers in the Confederate army, John 
W., Henry C. and Joseph M.; the first two with Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, 
the last-named serving in the Virginia Reserves. John W. was acci- 
dentally killed in 1864, in Russell county, Virginia, by being thrown 
from his horse. In 1867 or '68 Mr. Butt became a member of Abing- 
don Lodge, No. 48, A. F. & A. M.;two brothers are also Master Masons. 

Mr. Butt is a son of Rignal Butt, late of Berkeley county, Virginia, 
whose father was Rignal Butt, late of that county, near Harpers Ferry, 
and ca,me of German ancestry. His mother was Sarah, daughter of 
Jacob Bondurant, late of Franklin county, Virginia, and of French 
descent, thought to have been Huguenots. 

Mrs. Mary E. G. Butt is the daughter of Lodwick Price, late of 
Abingdon, whose father was Edmond Price, late of Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia. Her mother was Jane C. W., daughter of Patrick and Catharine 
Lynch, who were among the earliest settlers of Abingdon; they were of 
French extraction. 



Bom on his father's estate, Brook Hall Farm, Washington county, 
August 11, 1811, is a son of Col. William Byare, formerly of Louisa 
county, Virginia, who married in Wasliington county, and settled here. 
Colonel Byars* father was a soldier of the Revolutionary war. The 
mother of John Byars was Elizabeth, daughter of William Beatty, a 
pioneer of Washington county. 

His wife, whom he married near Glade Springs, October 22, 1836, 
was Jane B. Rybum, born near Glade Springs Depot, June 6, 1819. 
They have one daughter, Elizabeth M., now Mrs. Hall, residing near 
them, and have buried one daughter, Sarah A. A., died in 1856. The 
father of Mrs. Byars was Beatty By bum, whose father, Matthew 
Rybum, came from Scotland to Washington county in early days of 
the county. Her mother was also a Ryburn, Jane, daughter of William 
Rybum, who settled on the middle fork of the Holston before the 
Indians had left the county. 

Capt. John Byars has resided on Brook Hall Farm all his life, and 
both he and his estimable wife have seen the county pass from the 
hands of the Indian to its present state of development and comfort, 
having borne their share of those pioneer hardships incident to such a 
change. During the years of the war he was too old for military duty, 
but had a younger brother, James M., who served from the beginning 
to the close of that struggle. 


Pastor in charge of the M. E. Church (South) at Abingdon, Washing- 
ton county, was born at Cleveland, Tennessee. He is a son of Leonard 
Carden, of Tennessee, whose father, Robert Carden, was a Virginian, 
and settled in Tennessee. His mother is of the old and honored Hale 
family of Old Virginia, T. C, daughter of Lewis Hale of Grayson county. 

In the Sequatchie Valley, March 5, 1875, Rev. W. C. Carden was united 
in marriage with Martha Stewart, who was born in the Sequatchie 
Valley, Tennessee. Their children are : Robert A., Leonard A., Frank 
and Mary. Mrs. Carden is the daughter of James Stewart, granddaugh- 
ter of George Stewart, both of the Sequatchie valley, the founder of the 
family coming there from Ireland. Her mother was Mary Kirklin, and 
her mother's mother was the first white child bom in the Sequatchie 

At the time of the late war, Mr. Carden was a cadet in the Military 
Institute at Marietta, Georgia, commanded by Major Capers. He was 
called out to the defense of Atlanta, in 1864, and kept in front of Sher- 
man's army in its advance to the Sea through Georgia. At Savannah, 


tlie troops witli which he was fighting crossed the river, and moved to 
Augusta, Georgia. He was paroled after GeneralJolinston's surrender. 
He has served as grand chaplain of the Knights of Honor of Tennessee, 
and passed the Chapter and Council to the 11th degree in Masonry. 


The subject of this sketch, born at Rutledge, Tennessee, on August 
16, 1821, and raised in Knox county, Tennessee, was many years an 
honored resident of Abingdon, Washington county, Virginia, and died 
there. He was educated at Emory and Henry College, was married at 
Abingdon, March 13, 1849, and entered into business there as merchant 
tailor, which he followed until his death. Bet^ause of ill-health he wa« 
unfit for field service during the late war, but was enrolled for service in 
the Reserves. He was made prisoner during the Stoneman raid, but 

Daniel Cardwell, of Rutledge, Tennessee, the father of John R., was a 
son of Perren Henry Cardwell, and came from England. He lived to the 
age of 100 years. Among his illustrious connections in America was 
Patrick Henry, who was Ids cousin. His wife, mother of John R., was 
a Miss Abbot, of Massachusetts. John R. Cardwell wedded Mary Isa- 
bella Lewark, who was bom in Abingdon, December 16, 1826, where, 
except for about two years, she has always resided. Their children 
were: Martha L., David Wingfield, Joseph Wayland, John H., William 
King (deceased), Mary Isabella, Laura Virginia (deceased), and Genio. 

Mrs. Cardwell had one brother in the Confederate service through the 
late war. She is a daughter of Joseph Lewark, w^ho was boni in Greens- 
boro, North Carolina, served in the war of 1812, removed to Wash- 
ington county. His father was John I^wark, w^ho removed to Indiana 
about 1841. The mother of Mrs. Cardwell was Jemima, daughter of 
Honor Hutton, of Greensboro, North Carolina. 


The founder of the Carmack family in Southwestern Virginia was 
John Carmack, who, in colonial days entered between two and three 
thousand acres of land in Washington county, Virginia, and Hawkins 
county, Tennessee, nearly all of which land remains still in the posses- 
sion of his descendants. His son John was a soldier of the Revolution- 
ary w^ar, and was wounded at Bunker Hill. Pleasant Carmack, son of 
the soldier John, learned the trade of cabinet maker, then settled to 
farming in Washington county. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Captain William Gray, of Washington county. She was born in 1804, 
and died in 1866, and for twenty j^ears preceding her death was 


afflicted with blindness. Her father was bom on the ocean, while his pa- 
rents were voyaginp^ to their new home in Virginia. He grew to man- 
hood in Washington county, where he became an extensive stockman. 

John, son of Pleasant Carmack and his wife, Hannah, was born on 
his father's estate, on tlie State line between Washington county, Vir- 
ginia, and Sullivan county, Tennessee, on June 13, 1836. He married 
near Abingdon, May 4, 1861, Mary Hagy, bom in Washington coun- 
ty. Their children were born in the order named : Pleasant William, 
Martin Hagy, John Thomas, Mary Lauretta, Sally Eliza, Samuel Van- 
dellen, Ada Texanna, Virginia Tennessee, Alexander Watson. The eld- 
est son now lives in Texas. 

Mrs. Carmack is a daughter of Martin Hagy, a farmer living near 
Abingdon, whose father, Jacob Hagy, came to Washington county 
from Pittsylvania county. Her mother is Sally, daughter of James 
Anderson, who came to Washington county from Ireland. 

Mr. Carmack was exempt from service in the late war, on account of 
physical disability. His farm was subjected to raids by the contend- 
ing armies from both sides. His brother William P. was in service 
about a year, and a number of their relatives were in the Southern 
army, among them a cousin, James Carmack. who was captured, and 
died while a prisoner of war in Kentucky. 

Mr. Carmack is a farmer and stockman, and is also United States 
mail sub-contractor for his district. 


One of the most successful farmers and stockraisers in Southwestei-n 
Virginia, comes of a family where the men have been farmers for several 
generations. His grandfather was Eli Chiddix, who came from England 
to Virginia, and his fatlier was William Chiddix, of Saltville, who mar- 
ried Nancy, daughter of James Lowder of Tazewell county, Virginia, 
also a farmer, and one of the earliest settled in the county, of Irish 
descent. James, subject of this sketch, was born in Tazewell county, 
June 28, 1887. During the late war he served one year in the 45th 
Virginia regiment, ('ompany G, then until close of war in the 23d bat- 
talion, a part of the Stonewall Brigade. He was a prisoner about 
one-half hour, at Fishers Hill. His brother Leander served in a Texas 
regiment, C. S. A. Another brother, Eli, was a member of the 29th 
Virginia regiment, Pickett's division, and was killed in action May 14, 

Near Saltville, February 28, 1866, James Chiddix married Sarah A. 
Meadows, and their children are: Isabelle, William Huston, Eli S., 
John W., Susan V., James (deceased), George W. P., Charles, Pearl 


(deceased). Mrs. Cliiddix was born near Saltville, the daughter of 
William T. Meadows, of Smyth county, who was the son of Joel 
Meadows, who raised liis family near Emory. Her mother was Miss 
Susan MacCready. 

Mr. Chiddix has been a zealous worker and able exhortor in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church and Sunday-school for thirty years, his 
successful work abundantly shown by its fruits, and by the many let- 
ters of approval and encouragement he has received, as well as by the 
resolutions and votes of thanks passed by churches, Sunday-schools 
and other religious societies he has assisted. His father was a Sunday- 
school superintendent for over thirty -five years, and his father-in-law 
filled the same position for a like number of years. 


Was born on the Clark homestead, near Meadow View, where he still 
resides, on December 13, 1839. He is a son of John S. Clark, who is a 
son of Robert Clark, who was born in Scotland, in 1757, and came to 
Washington county in 1817, locating a farm in the woods, which wits 
cleared under his supervision, and became the fruitful farm James H. 
now cultivates. 

Near Emory and Henry College, February 17, 1875, James H. Clark 
married Sarah E. Horn. Their children are five sons : John, Henry 
Marvin, David B., James B. and Chester L., and they have buried one 
daughter, the youngest child, Helah F. Mrs. Clark was born near 
Emory and Henry College, the daughter of John Horn, now of Glade 
Spring, whose father, Henry Horn, came to this county from Wythe 
county. Her mother is Mary, daughter of Andrew Fullen, of this county, 
near Saltville. 

James H. Clark was three years a soldier, from March, 1862, to the 
close of the war, Company D, 1st Virginia Cavalry. With this gallant 
regiment he faced the enemy in all its many battles during his time of 
service, was never wounded nor captured, and with it constantly except 
for a short furlough in 1863. 


Peter Clark, founder of this family in Virginia, came from Scotland 
and settled in Washington county, near Glade Spring, at an early day. 
Robert Clark, son of Peter, married Catharine, the daughter of William 
Dixon, who came from Pennsylvania to Washington county. William 
D., son of Robert and Catharine Clark, was born on the family estate, 
near Glade Spring, July 9, 1830. This estate, descended to him, he is 
still living on. 


He married near Glade Spring, January 19, 1850, Caroline, daughter 
of Granville Williams, and the issue of the marriage is nine children : 
Sallie Kate, Cora B., Robert D., Nannie May, Joseph White, Viola J., 
William Winzell, Jesse Lawrence, Conley Frank. Mrs. Clark was bom 
in Smyth county, Virginia, where her father's and mother's families 
were pioneer settlers. Granville Williams, her father, is a son of Levi 
Williams, and her mother is Sallie. daughter of John James, Esq. 

Mr. Clark was in service through the late war, the first year in Com- 
pany D, 37th Virginia Infantry, the remaining time in the famous Ist 
Virginia Cavalry, with which he took part in almost every battle fought 
by the renowned Army of Northern Virginia. Of his near and distant 
relatives, hardly one able to bear arms was not in the same service. 


The farm on which Mr. CoUey resides, and which he cultivates, three 
and one-half miles ea«t of Abingdon, was ffrst settled by his maternal 
grandfather, Jacob M. Morell, who came here from Shenandoah coun- 
ty, Virginia, more than one hundred years ago. His daughter Mary 
married Shadrach Colley, who was a son of Thomas Colley, the latter 
coming to this country from France, and fighting for the Independence 
of America under Washington. The subject of this sketch is the son of 
Shadrach and Mary (Morell) Colley, and was bom November 12, 1813, 
on the farm where he still resides. 

Near Abingdon, at the residence of the bride's father he married, 
April 7, 1835, Mary, daughter of William McDaniel, born in 1811 on 
the place where they were married. Her father came to the county 
from Maryland, where he wa« bom. Seven children were bom. to Mr. 
and Mrs. (>olley: Letitia, Thomas W., Wm. Lewis, Mary Jane, Eliza- 
beth Catharine, Lierann, Sarah Susan. The first and last named of 
these are now deceased. Thomas and Wm. Lewis were soldiers of 
Company D, Ist Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A. Thomas wa« disabled by 
the loss of a foot, in 1863 ; Lewis served till the close of the war. The 
father served nine months with Gen. Floyd as wagon-master in North- 
west Virginia, but his age incapacitated him for field service. 


The founder of this family in Virginia came to the colony from Wales, 
and was the father of Thomas ('olley, who was born in Pittsylvania 
county, removed to Russell county, and was the father of Shadrach 
Colley, whose son. Christian M. Colley, married Mary, daughter of William 
McDaniel, who came to Washington county from Maryland. Thomas 
W., subject of this sketch, son of Christian M. and Mary Colley, wa« born 


near Abingdon, on November 30, 1837. On Christmas Day, 1872, he 
married Ann Eliza Ryan, who was bom near Abingdon, June 15, 1851. 
Their children were born in the order named : Jamee Lewis (deceased), 
Daniel T., Fitzhugh Lee, Frank T.,Mary L., Ella Ryan (deceased), Bar- 
bara C, Sallie H. (deceased), John M. Mrs. Colley is a daughter of 
James Ryan, of Washington county, son of James Ryan, who came from 
Ireland. Her mother was Barbara, daughter of John Morell, of Wash- 
ington county. The Morells were of French extraction, and came to 
this country previous to 1760. 

Mr. Colley entered service in the lat« war in April, 1861, in the W^ash- 
ington Mounted Rifles. He was wounded August 12, 1862, in the battle 
of Waterloo Bridge; again wounded at Kellys Ford, March 17, 1863, 
where he was shot through the body, and left on the field for dead ; a 
third time wounded, and permanently disabled. May 28, 1864, near 
Cold Harbor, losing left- foot. He cultivates a farm near Abingdon, and 
has held public office, deputy sheriff from 1871 to 1875; superintendent 
of the poor, 1879 to 1887. 


The subject of this sketch was born in Buckingham county, Virginia, 
on the 8th of November, 1840. He is a son of Rev. Lewis F. Cosby, 
whose family record is in the sketch following this one. In April, 1861, 
he joined Company K, 37th Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., and was one of 
the first men from Washington county to mount the train that was to 
carry the volunteers to the front. In August, 1861, he was disabled by 
typhoid fever, at Garretts Ford, on Cheat river, Virginia, at the time 
General Garnett was killed. Later he served t'vo years in the 1st Vir- 
ginia Cavalry, and was in active service through the war, except when 
disabled by sickness. On April 9, 1865, his command was outside of 
the lines, and not included in Lee's surrender, the men returning to 
their homes. 

In 1871 John D. Cosby was elected sheriff of Washington county for 
three years, and subsequently was twice re-elected, serving twelve years 
as sheriff after having served three years as deputy sheriff. At ** Pana- 
cella," on the 15th of December, 1875, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Sue M. Litchfield, by Rev. W. E. Cunningham. She was born on 
the 20th of July, 1843, at Abingdon, and is the daughter of George V. 
Litchfield, who died in Abingdon on February 5, 1874. Her mother 
was Rachel D., daughter of John Mitchell, Esq., of Saltville and Abing- 
don, Virginia. One child, Mary Connally Cosby, blesses this union. 

" Panacella,'' the beautiful home of Mr. Cosby, overlooking the town 
of Abingdon, was formerly the country seat of old Judge Johnston, 


the father of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, Beverly R. Johnston, and Gen. 
Peter C. Johnston. Near the house is the old family cemetery, where 
now repose the bodies of Judge Johnston and his estimable wife, Bev- 
erly li. Johnston and Gen. Peter C. Johnston, the graves tenderly cared 
for by their distinguished son and brother, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. 



Was bom in Staunton, Virginia, on the 14th day of January, 1807, 
and died in Abingdon, Virginia, on the 6th day of July, 1883. Dr. 
Cosby was a prominent minister in the Methodist Protestant church, 
and was a man of deep and fervent piety, beloved by all. His parent-s 
were Dabney and Frances D. Cosby, now deceased, whose remains rest 
in tlie cemetery at Raleigh, North Carolina. He was married twice, 
first to Miss Jane E. Bekem, of Abingdon, a lady of rare gifts and ac- 
complishments. By this marriage seven children were born, viz. : 
Jane Frances, Virginia Eleanor, Charles Vincent, John Dabney, Lew- 
is Thomson, Sarah Elizabeth, William H. Cosby. Mrs. Cosby depart- 
ed this life June 13, 1853. All of said children have married : Jane 
(now deceased), married Edward Zollickoffer ; Virginia (now deceased) 
married Dr. J. W. Miller; Charles (now deceased) married Mary E. 
Hamilton ; John, Miss Sue M. Lit<;hfield; Lewis T., Miss Kate S. Mitch- 
ell; Sally E., D. A. C. Webster; W. H., Miss Kate Hay den. Mrs. Zol- 
lickoffer left surviving her five children ; Virginia, tw o ; Charles, three. 
Dr. ('osby married secondly Mrs. Elizabeth Montgomery, of Greene 
county, Tennessee (a very excellent lady, beloved by all who know her), 
who survives him. 

(y'harles V. Cosby at the time of his death was a prominent merchant 
of Shreveport, Louisiana. John D. ('osby has been connected with pub- 
lic affairs in Washington county, having been sheriff of the same. 
Lewis T. Cosby was clerk of the circuit court of said county for nearly 
seventeen years, and is now a member of the Bar thereof. All of the 
male members of the family (except William) participated actively in 
the war between the States. Charles V. at the close of the war was a 
staff officer in the Trans-Mississippi Department, with rank of major ; 
John D. and Lewis T. were in the cavalry of the Army of Northern 

Among the maternal ancestors of these sons of Rev. Dr. Cosby were : 
Lieutenant John Carson, their mother's uncle, who was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war; and Charles S., his brother, who served in the war 
of 1812. Charles S. Bekem, a brother of Mrs. Jane E. Cosby, was a 
distinguished member of the Bar of Southwest Virginia, and was a 
number of times elected to the Legislature, being voted for by both 


parties. He departed this life on the 19th of August, 1875, aged seven- 
ty-three years. The Cosbyb, on the side of their father, are of Scotch 
descent, and on their mother's side Irish. 


Farmer and grape-culturist of Washington county, was bom near 
Tazewell C. H., Virginia, March 22, 1884. In 1861 he entered service, 
Company F, 54th Virginia Regiment, C. S. A., and in 1863 was dis- 
charged for disability. He had two brothers in service, James H., twice 
wounded, served till Lee's surrender; and Dr. Thomtvs C, captured, held 
a time at Fort Delaware, again in service afticr exchange until the sur- 
render, his regiment in the **Stonewall Brigade. '' 

Robert Craig is a son of Dr. Robert M. Craig, of Pulaski county, 
Tennessee, a self-made man, who rose to eminence, representing his 
county in the State legislature. His father was David Craig of Mont- 
gomery county, Virginia, whose father, Benjamin Craig, died on board 
ship while coming to America, from Scotland. The mother of Benjamin 
Craig was a Gillespie, of Scotland. The mother of Robert Craig was 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jesse and Elizabeth Law, of Pulaski county, Vir- 
ginia. Her mother was the daughter of Micha>el Cloyd and Elizabeth 
Nealy, his wife, the latter a Campbell, her mother killed by Indians, 
near Amsterdam, Virginia. 

Robert Craig's first wife was Virginia Lee, bom in Bedford county, 
Virginia, April 2, 1853. They were married January 6, 1870, and she 
died March 31, 1874, leaving two children, Lucy Lee and Robert V. 
He married secondly, December 13, 1874, Sarah C. Walters, born in 
1847, died August 18, 1887. Their children were Robert Thomas, 
Elizabeth, Lillie, Sarah; Butler T., deceased; Chrysalis, deceased; David 
T. deceased. 

Mr. Craig married again, his wife Mary L., the daughter of Thomas E. 
Noel of Bedford county, Virginia, son of Cornelius Noel, of that county. 
Her mother is Ann S., daughter of William Saunders, who was a quar- 
termaster, war of 1812, and granddaugher of John Saunders, of New 
Kent, Virginia, a Revolutionary soldier. 


The subject of this sketch was bom near Abingdon, Washington 
county, January 21, 1819, and his home has always been in this county, 
where he ha^ been in practice as physician and surgeon, and has also 
given much time to the cultivation of his estate. He was magistrate 
of the county under the old constitution for eight years, several years 
post-master, first at Craigs Mills, then at Maple Grove. By reason of 


civil appointments he was exempt from military duty during the lat« 
war. He is an A. F. and A. M. of Abingdon Lodge, No. 48, and has filled 
worthily every oflfice in the lodge except Master. Near Abingdon, April 
14, 1841, Dr. Craig married Margaret J. Parrott, bom July 23, 1823. 
Their children were born in the order named : Amanda P., Margaret 
P. (now deceased), Virginia K. (now deceased), James Henry, Mary 
Eliza, Sarah Harriet, Robert Claude. 

Dr. Craig is a son of James Chambers Craig, who was long cashier of 
banks at Nashville and Columbia, and who came from Baltimore, Mary- 
land, where his father, James Craig, settled on coming from Ireland. 
The mother of Dr. Craig was bom in Washington county, near Abingdon , 
Amanda P., daughter of Captain Robert Craig, formerly of Carlisle, 
Pennsylvania, and an oflficer of the Revolutionary war, whose wife was 
Jane Denny. 

Dr. Craig's wife is a daughter of Henry Parrott, who came to Wash- 
ington county from Botetourt county, Virginia, having learned the 
saddler's trade at Fincastle. Her mother was Margaret, daughter of 
James Piper, an early settler in Washington county, whose grafting 
originated the well-known " Piper Pear.'' 


Farmer of Washington county, was born in this county, on Smith 
creek, June 29, 1841. From June, 1863 till December, 1864, he was 
in service in Company I, 22d Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A. He had one 
brother-in-law died in service, John A. Vance, in October, 1861. An- 
other brother-in-law, A. J. Cunningham, lost right arm in battle before 

The father of Warren Crawford was Dr. John Crawford, bom in 
Rockbridge county, Virginia, raised in Washington county, married 
Matilda Fleenor in 1834. She is a daughter of Solomon Fleenor, a 
veteran of the war of 1812, whose father, Jasper Fleenor, was a pioneer 
settler in Washington county. 


Clerk of the county court of Washington county, was bom in this 
county at Abingdon, on June 23, 1861. He is the son of Col. 
David Campbell Cummings, who was clerk of circuit court at 
Abingdon, 1866-70, whose father was James Cummings, son 
of Rev. CTiarles Cummings, who came from Scotland to Virginia 
at an early day, and took charge of the Presbyterian church, 
at Abingdon and other places. The mother of D. C. is Eliza, daughter 


of James L. Whiteof Abingdon, and granddaughter of Col. James White, 
who came to Washington county about the beginning of the present 
century, and amassed a fortune in the mercantile business, and as a 
manufacturer of salt. From April, 1882, to July 1, 1887, D. C. Cum- 
mings, jr. was deputy county clerk for Washington county. Since the 
last-named date he has been filling his present office, to which he was 
elected by the largest majority ever given to a candidate in Washington 


Was bom in Washington county, Virginia, in 1811, and died on his 
estate near Abingdon, on October 22, 1865. He was a son of James 
Davis, who was born on Walker Mount, this county, and Nancy, daughter 
of Thomas and Lydia Smith, also of Washington county. In Granger 
county, Tennessee, February 12, 1840, Archimedes Davis married Mary 
Van Hook Fulkerson, who was born near Abingdon, September 24-, 
1820. ^ The record of their children is : Margaret Nancy, now deceased ; 
Arabella, now deceased; James K., now of Missouri; Abram F., now of 
Illinois ; Archimedes, now of Arkansas ; Mary Van Hook, residing in 
Abingdon; Samuel W., now deceased; Griffith, deceased; Arthur C, 
deceased; Sarah, living now in Kentucky; LydiaAnn,Salina Fulkerson 
and Robert Vance. James and Abram were in service in the late war. 
Confederate States Army. 

Mr. Davis was a lawyer by profession, engaged in practice many years. 
He was several years constable. During the war he acted as Receiver 
for the District where he lived, resuming practice at the close of the war, 
his death ensuing in the same year. 

Mrs. Davis is a daughter of Abraham Fulkerson, an honored resident 
of Washington county through life, who served in the war of 1812, with 
rank of captain, and was a colonel of Virginia militia. He was a son 
of James Fulkerson, who came from Pennsylvania to make his home in 
Washington county. Tlie mother of Mrs. Davis was Margaret, daughter 
of Samuel Vance. Samuel Vance came to Washington county in 1773, 
from Frederick county, Virginia. In those early days he had many 
bouts with hostile Indians. In 1780 he joined Colonel Campbell's regi- 
ment. Continental army, and took part in the battle of Kings Mountain. 
He was a man of scholarly attainments, particularly well informed in 
ancient and modern history. He died in the eighty-ninth year of his 
age, at his home near Abingdon, where he had lived for sixty-five years. 
A brother of Abraham Fulkerson, Jacob, was killed by the Indians, in 



Merchant of Glade Spring, was bom in Washington county, eight 
miles south of the Springs, June 12, 1836. His father, Jacob Debusk, 
and his grandfather, Elijah Debusk, were both born in Washington 
county, and were lifelong residents here, wheelwrights and farmers. 
The father of Elijah came to Washington county from Shenandoah 
county. The mother of Daniel E. Debusk was a Gentry of Johnson 
county, Tennessee, and related to Abraham Lincoln. 

Near Glade Spring, October 25, 1866, David E. Debusk married 
Harriet Widener, who was bom near her husband's birthplace, August 
19, 1841. She died at Glade Spring, June 12, 1887, and her remains 
were laid to rest in the grounds of the Presbyterian Church, of which 
she was a member. She was the daughter of Reuben Widener, whose 
father settled in this county shortly after the war of 1776, and came of 
old Revolutionary st-ock, one of the name and family with Washington 
at the surrender of Cornwallis. 

Mr. Debysk entered the Confederate service on July 25, 1861, Com- 
pany H, 37th Virginia regiment. At Kernstown, March 23, 1862, he 
was wounded by a musket ball in shoulder; at Chancellors ville he was 
wounded by grapeshot and again in same battle by bursting of a shell ; 
at Gettysburg he received musket ball wounds in arm and leg; and his 
service in the field ended at Spotsylvania C. H., May, 1864, where he 
was captured, and after that held thirteen months at Fort Delaware. 


Was bom near Glade Spring, Washington county, on September 15, 
1844. He is a son of Dr. Samuel Dunn, of Glade Spring, now eighty- 
three years of age, for sixty-one of these years an honored practitioner 
of medicine. The father of Dr. Samuel Dunn was Lieutenant William 
Dunn, of Old **Mad Anthony" Wayne's brigade, who came from Ireland 
at the n^e of sixteen years, entered the war of the Revolution with the 
battle of Bunker Hill, and fought in every battle of his brigade except 
Germantown, up to the surrender at Yorktown. Dr. W. L. Dunn is a 
greatgrandson of Major William Edmondson, who was second in com- 
mand at the battle of Kings Mountain, and whose wife was a sister of 
Gen. Zebulon Montgomery of Revolutionary fame. 

With such ancestral blood, it is natural that the subject of this 
sketch should have made an honorable record in the late war. Enter- 
ing service in 1861, before he was seventeen years of age, he served one 
year as a private in the 1st Virginia Cavalry, then one year on medical 
staff at Richmond, and from that time to the close of the war as assist- 


ant surgeon 43d Virginia Cavalry, better known in the annals of the 
war as Col. John Mosby's Battalion of Partisan Rangers. Dr. Dunn 
had one brother in service a year, in Col. Peters regiment. Gen. Wm. 
E. Jones, killed at Piedmont, was his brother-in-law. 

Near Glade Spring, October 12, 1868, Dr. William L. Dunn married 
Fannie Beattie. She is a daughter of Absolom Beattie, who married 
Eliza Davis, and was bom near (ilade Spring. Her father is a son of 
Captain William Beattie, who fought at Kings Mountain, and was the 
last survivor of that memorable battle. 


About the close of the last century, Adam Dutton, for whom the sub- 
ject of this sketch is named, came from Germany to America, located in 
Wythe county, married there, and reared a large family of children. 
One of these was a son, George Dutton, who married Sarah, daught-er 
of Freidrich Copenhaver, also from Germany, and settled in Smyth 
county. George Dutton made his home in Smyth county after marriage, 
and his son Adam, subject of this sketch, was born in that county, near 
Chilhowie, on December 26, 1832. He married in Smyth county, at the 
residenceand birthplace of his bride, March 18,1858,MariaE. Robinson, 
bom in August, 1838. The farm where they now reside was her birth- 
place, near Loves Mills, and she was a daughter of John Robinson, who 
cleared and improved the farm, and was a son of Geamsey Robinson, 
who die<l at the age of seventy-seven years. The mother of Mrs. Dutton 
also died on this homestead, at the age of seventy-seven years. Her 
maiden name was Sarah Allen. 

Mr. Dutton was in service during the war, from June, 1861, to the 
close, in Company D, 4th Virginia Infantry, a regiment in constiint and 
severe service, in the original <*StonewaH" brigade, under General Lee in 
the Army of Northern Virginia. He was slightly wounded a number of 
times, receiving three of the wounds at Gettysburg. He had two 
brothers in service, William R., who died from exposure, in Kentucky, 
shortly after the battle of Fort Donelson, and James, severely wounded 
in the neck in Chancellorsville battle. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Dutton are seven living, two deceased : 
SarahJaneC, John Franklin (deceased), Mary N. R. F., George Lee, 
William, Cordelia, James Rufus, Mertie May (deceased), Charles Clai- 


Bom in Smyth county, Virginia, on the Edwards homestead where he 
now resides, September 9, 1836, has always lived in Smyth county, 


where he has filled with houor the office of magistrate for sixteen years, 
serving before, during and since the war. 

He married, near Chilhowie, December 27, 1865, Rachel Maria 
Bonham, who was born on the 8th of November, 1889. Mrs. Edwards 
is a daughter of Joseph P. Bonham, an early magistrate and high 
sheriff of Smyth county, born in that county, the son of Hezekiah 
Bonham. Her mother was Mary, daughter of Robert Gollohon, also 
of Smyth county. 

Mr. Edwards' father was John Edwards, who came to Smyth county 
from Stokes county, North Carolina, where he was born, the son of 
Isaa<; Edwards. John Edwards served in the war of 1812, and his 
father had seven brothers in the Revolutionary war, who were in the 
battle of Guilford C. H., North Carolina. The mother of William W. 
was Elizabeth M., daughter of John N. Yanders, who came from Ger- 
many to Pennsylvania, then to Soutliweetern Virginia, settling first in 
Wythe county, then removing to Smyth county. 

Many near friends and immediate relatives of Mr. Edwards were in 
the army of the South during tlie late war, among them a brother-in- 
law who served in King's Battery. 


Born at Benham, Washington county, Virginia, September 15, 1847, 
is living in his native county, engaged in farming. He married near 
Benham, November 28, 1872, at the bride's residence and birthplace, 
Mary Louisiana Sproles, who was born February 7, 1855. Their 
children are four: Hugh James, Stephen D., Charles Somers and Mattie 

Elisha Fleenor, farmer, bom and raised in Washington county, is the 
father of Abel J. His grandfather, Henry Fleenor, and his great grand- 
father, Nicholas Fleenor, were pioneer settlers of the county, coming 
from Pennsylvania. His mother is Rhoda C, daughter of George Lore, 
who came to Catawba county. North Carolina, from Germany. Mrs. 
Fleenor's father is a farmer near Benham, Thomas Sproles, son of 
James Sproles, whose father, Samuel Sproles, was an early settler in 
Washington county. Her mother was Elizabeth J., daughter of 
Charles Mann, who came to this county from Eastern Virginia. 

In September, 1864, at the age of seventeen yeare, Abel J. Fleenor. 
was conscripted into the Confederate Army, serving until the close of 
the war. Company C, 6th Virginia Infantry. He was slightly wounded 
by shell, in shoulder, in battle at Saltville, October 2, 1864. His father 
served three months in the same company; was captured by Stone- 
man's men in February, 1865, but escaped. 



Honry Fleeiior, of German extraction, was one of the earlier settlei^e 
in Ricli Valley, Washington county. His son James was born in Scott 
county, and in early manhood served in Virginia militia, rank of cap*- 
tain. Later he became a minister, in the Lutheran faith ; he is still liv- 
ing, aged now eighty -two years. He married Catharine, daughter of 
Antliony Horn, who was a soldier of tlie war of 1812, an early settler 
in Washington county, and who died in 1808, aged eighty-two years. 
J. H., son of Rev. James Fleenor and his wife Catharine, was born in 
Scott county, Virginia, on tlie north folk of the Holston river, Julv 
30, 1832. 

He married in Scott county, December 2, 1852, Sarah A. Smith, who 
was bom in Wtishington county, and raised in Scott county. Their 
(rhildren are eight living, Maitiu L., John H., Ka<^hel C., Samuel M., 
Louisa v., Jas., R. E. Lee, Joel H. J. and Sarah A., and three now 
deceased: William Jas., Mary Angeline, Simon V. Mrs. Fleenor is a 
daughter of Samuel Smith, wht) was born in Rich Valley, and became 
a leading fnrmer and stockman of Washington county. Her mother 
was Racliel Stinson, raised near the Salt Works. 

Col. Fleenor's business is farmitig, which he followed for many years 
in Scott county before making liis home in Washington county. In 
Scott county he also filled various public offices : constable nine years ; 
deputy sheriff two years; township clerk and treasurer one year; magis- 
trate six years, captain and lieutenant colonel of militia five years. In 
Washington county he has been magistrate for five years, also. 

He was one of four brothers in tlie army in the late war, two of whom 
gave their life in service. He enterr»d tlie army in August, 1862, and 
was soon commissioned captain of Cotnpany I), 7th Virginia battalion, 
Col. C. J. Prentiss commanding, and served until the close of the war. 
His brother Amos, quartermaster of the 4r8th Virginia regiment, was 
twice wounded in battle, captured April 6, 1805, held at Johnsons 
Island, in Lake Erie, returned home in August, 1865. Simon Peter, 
anotlier brother, w^as killed at Frederick City, Maryland, during I^ee's 
invasion of that State. He also served in the 48th regiment, a« did 
the fourth brother, William H., who was captured, and died in the 
Northern military prison at Elmira, New York, in 1863. . 

Colonel Fleenor is an A. F. & A. M.; member of Lodge No. 174 at 
Mendota, and Hon. member of Lodge No. 216, at Cove creek, Scott 
county, Virginia. Past Master of both Lodges and member of the 
Grand Lodge; also member of K. of H., Goodson Lodge, No. 2909, at 
Bristol, Tennessee. 



Of Abingdon, Virginia, and clerk of the United Staten Cironit and Dis- 
trict Courts for the Western District of Virginia (at Abingcion), one of 
the three proprietore of the Great Natnral Hridgo and Tunnel in Scott 
county, Virginia, and since August, 1868, ed to/ an 1 propretor o.r th;} 
Bristol News^ Hristol, Virginia and Tenne3 4j9, w.n bor.i nt Jeff r."*on- 
ville, Tazewell county, Virginia, Septembe* 2, ls:H. Darin j: X\\} liv^t 
two years of the civil war, he served in ths coinm'siary dep;irt:nent, 
Breckenridge's division. He was five years mayor of iJoodsoii, llilJ-o, 
was three times elected to the Virginia Hom ? o: Delegates f.oin VVnsh- 
ington county, in 1875, 1877 and 1881, ai:d was Speaker oi the Ko-:sg 
during his last term, 1881-1882. 

His father was Dr. Thomas Fowler, of Co ke co:n'v, Tennes.^o », 
Tazewell county, Virginia and Monroe county, (now) Wtst Virginia. 
His grandfather was Dr. Thomas Fowler of Piirrott-jville, Te.nessee. 
His greatgrandfather was Thomas Fowler of Vi 'gin n, Sojt'.i Carolina 
and Tennessee, wdiose father came from Engl.m 1. Tiio» m ^i\\y: oJ is in i 
C. was PHscilla Breckenridge Chapman, dau^lit'/ o' \m\\\^ (jia )nian Oi' 
Giles county, Virginia, who was a son of Geo -^3 Ch ip:n i:i, who (a Uc? 
to (liles county from Culpeper county, Virgiaa. Slu \sxs bo/j in Pea.- 
isburg, Virginia, and died in December, 1881. 

Isaac C. Fowler was married at Jeffersonvillo, Virgi lia, D comber 4, 
1854, Rev. George W. G. Browner officiating dergynian, to K z a Mj- 
Donald Chapman. She was a daughter of William Chapnnn of G lea 
county, who was a son of Issac Chapman, befo 'e me tlo ;ed, and hn* 
mother was Nancy, daughter of Edward McDoaa'dof Wyomin ':vOunty, 
Virginia, where he removed from Botetourt county, Vir^ nia. Th » 
record of the children of Mr. and Mrs. Fowler i.s : Th ima < C.. de. eas.^ I ; 
Nannie Belle, now the wife of Stuart F. Lindr<ey oi Hairison'mrg, \'ir- 
ginia, and has one daught-er, Dawn Fowler Lin.liey; Do.i Willia n, de- 
ceased; Beirne, deceased; Mary Louise and Cill i Ch ip n m, living. 

Mr. Fowler had two brothers in service thro i^ i t\? I.ite war: All^n 
Fowler, lieutenant of Lowry Battery, Army o' Nor hv^* i Vir^'i lia, 
severely woundini at Fishers Hill; Elbert Fo v er, sji'.vl i.i ca.'.ilrr, 
captured at Moorefteld, Virginia, September, 1 HG I-, im,) i.H ni-'d it 'Ja n > 
Chase, Ohio, nine months, until after the surro.i 1 .»r. T!ie fo'*m^r 's n ) v 
a practicing physician of Salt Lake City. Th * la t r v i3 !v 1 ' 1 ai H n- 
ton. West Virginia, March, 1884, leaving a widj v' ajJ t.vj sjai, iJailjv 
and Elbert, at Griffin, Georgia. 




The subject of this sketch, one of the farming residents of Washing- 
ton county, was born in Bedford county, Virginia, on July 25, 1835. 
He married, at Big Spring, Virginia, June 22, 1S5H, Lucy Gordon, who 
was born near Salem, Roanoke county, Virginia, December 27, 1835. 
The i*ecord of their children is: Mary F., married Charles B. Stone, of 
Abingdon, on January 18, 1881, and died December 4, 1883; Frank 
M., died November 11,1801, aged ten months; Eolia S.and Gordon C, 
livhig at home. 

The fatlier of Mr. Fuqua was Hezekiah Fuqua, of Bedford county, 
son of Joseph Fuqua, who was a soldier of the Revolutionary war, and 
in battles of Brandy wine and Cowpens. His mother was Sa rah , daughter 
of Simon Noel, formerly of Bedford county. A number of the Noel 
family served in the war of 1812. The Fuquas were Huguenots, emi- 
grating from France under religious persecution, settling first in South 
Carolina. Mrs. C. E. Fuqua is a daughter of John Gordon, of Roanoke 
(.'ounty, whose father wa« Isaac Gordon, of Manchest-er, Virginia. The 
Gordons of Virginia trace their ancestral line to a (iordon of Scotland, 
made a Peer by King Malcolm for bravery, serving after a« a trusted 
guard of honor, near the person of the King. One branch of the Gor- 
don family emigrating from Scotland in colonial days, settled in Man- 
chester, another branch founded Gordonsville, Virginia. The mother of 
Mrs. Fuqua was Eleanor, daughter of John Zircle, of Roanoke county, 
the family coming from the Shenandoah valley. 

C. E. Fuqua was six months in service in light artillery, C. S. A., in 
1862, then discharged for disability, after that served as railroad super- 
visor. His brother C. T. Fuqua was killed in battle of Seven Pines ; 
another brother was killed in the. seven days fighting around Richmond ; 
still another was captured in 1865, and sent North as prisoner of war. 


Was born, reared and married in Washington county, which ha« always 
been his home. His birth occurred near old Ghide Spring, on July 7, 
1827, and he whm married near Seven-mile Ford, May 20, 1856, Rev. 
W. P. Bisliop officiating clergyman, and Ellen E. LandsdoWne his bride. 
The children of the union are: Maggie, decejised; William Preston, 
deceased; Anna Thomas; Edwin L.; Hattie J., now Mrs. Dickerson; 
Virginia S., Mary Emma, Thomas E., George M., and Graham Lands- 
do wne. 

Mr. Gardner is a son of Jeremiah C. Gardner, who was born at 
Geneva, New York, and was the son of George Gardner, who came from 


England, settled at Long Island, removed thence to Geneva, and later 
to Saltville, Virginia. The mother of Thomas E. was Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Major Thomas Edmondson, who served with that rank in the 
war of 1812, stationed for a time at Norfolk, Virginia. Major Edmond- 
son 's father and two brothers were in the Continental Army, Revolu- 
tionary war, and in battle of Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Mr. 
Gardner's materaal grandmother was a Buchanan, descended from the 
Buchanan identified with the first settlements in Washington county. 

His wife was bom in Marion, 8myth county, Virginia, on Christmas 
day, 1885, the daughter of George T. Landsdowne of Pittsylvania 
county, Virginia, who is of the noble English family of that name, the 
house of whirh the Earl of Landsdowne is the head. Her mother was 
Anna Thomas, whose ancestors came to Virginia from Premboshire, 
South Wales. 

The subject of this sket<*h entered the Confederate States service in 
1863, in King's Battery of Virginia Artillery, with which .he served 
till the close of the war. He had two brothers in the same service, 
in Texas regiments, and most of his relatives were in service, many 
killed, others wounded or otherwise injured. He is engaged in farming, 
and is also a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

His homestead is within one mile of Key wood, where Bishop Asbury 
held the first M. F]. Conferen(*e West of the Blue Ridge Mountains, in 
May, 1788, the centennial of which event wjis celebrated May 13, 1888, 
at Ma-ha-naim, near the old conference grounds, and near Mr. Gard- 
ner's home. 


The Geisler family is, as the name indicates, of German descent, and 
the founder of the family in America settled in Pennsylvania. From 
that State Adam Geisler, father of Jacob J., went to Sullivan county, 
Tennessee, with his father, about 1810. In Tennesse^e he married Mary 
M. Devault, whose father went from Pennsylvania to Tennessee about 
1810, also. Jacob J., their son, was born near Piney Flats, Sullivan 
county, Tennessee, February 19, 1833. He has been nmny years a resi- 
dent of Washin<rton county, Virginia, engaged in farming and milling, 
living at Meadow View. Since 1871 he has held the oftice of school 
trustee. At the residence of the bride's parents, where she was born, 
near Morrells Mills, this county, he married, December 10, 1856, Catha- 
rine D. Morrell. Their children are two sons, Jacob M., William H., and 
two daughters, Mary R., Nora E. 

Mrs. Geisler is a daughter of Jacob Morrell, who was a native of 
Augusta county, Virginia, and whose father rame from France .to Vir- 
ginia at an early date. In 1827 Jacob Morrell married Mary A. Droke, 


of SvU'van county, Tennesset*, bringing her to the Morrell home in 
W.i8hin^ton county. 

From April, IHGJ, to April, lH()5,Cnpt. Geisler was in the Confe<lerat<e 
StiitcM Ar.ny, ronin in li 'g Company F, r)9th Tennessee Infantry. He 
\\i\^ undo:* lV:ul i»/to I at Vicksburg and Lee at Appomattox, and in 
much g.dl Hit fi Id servi.e rweived sevenil ball and sabre wounds. His 
t vi I hrother. lb n y D., was niMJor of the same regiment, and killed near 
Abin;j:don, iX^enbe:*, I'^iil, while resisting the advance of Stoneman's 
UfcV jlry, in tlioir rai J on the salt works. 


Win bo:*n nt Tlan^onvillo, Russell county, Virginia, May 6, 184*1, and 
i-inovoiu* of t!i3 f.n-rniuj:: residents of Washington county. He is a 
son Oi the late Hon. Charles H. Gilmer, who represented Russell county 
in tlie \\ ginia legislature, in 1854, 1859, and 18G1. He was a zeal- 

J i Sates Riglit; mm, and supported the Ordinance of Secession, 
J a^^xl d irin.'j: h s 1 ist t<'r;n in the Lower House. He also served a long 
time in Russell ( ounty as commissioner of revenue and as magistrate. 
Hi.s fat ci* was the Rev. Wm. Gilmer, of the M. E. Church, an extensive 

1 ind a 1 1 j-1 ivc o vner, w'no at his death freed his slaves, and request^^d 
that n )iic cf his child re i sliould ever own any. The father of Rev. Wra. 
(film r erne to Aaieri-a from Ireland, settling first in Pennsylvania, 
t!i^n i I Rii s.'ll county, Vi ginia. The mother of Wyndham R. Gilmer 
was FiaaitM, d i i«::!it r of G 'orge Gose, of Russell county, an early set- 
tl r the •(>. II T g -a ulm-ith m* was captured by Indians in that county. 

The firn w fe of \Vy!i Iham R. (iibner was Ellen, daughter of T. P. 
Cap), oi* ASia •• 1 > i. S i> w is born in 1842, they were married Febru- 
ary 25. iSiiO, a id s'n di '1 March 18, 187*i. Two children were born 
of tlii ; union : Lo:i W. an 1 Earl H., the latt^^r now deceased. 

Li Pulask' CO mty, Vi^g nia, December 19, 1877, Mr. Gilmer married 
Mairr'e Cec 1, who wa^ boM in that ccmnty, October 18, 1857. Their 
chilJ ea we e brra i i tli^ crder named : Howard C, Bessie May, Maggie 
P., Roi>ert(>., John Raker, Fred. Garland, the latter now decreased. 

T. K. Cecil, of Pulaski county, is the father of Mrs. Gilmer. He is a 
son of Ri'v. John Cecil, of the M. E. Church, Holston conference. Her 
mother is Priscilla, daughter of Rev. Richard Buckingham, of the M. E. 
Church, Botetourt, in which church three of his sons are ministers, also. 

Mr. Gilmer entered tlie Confederat<* Army in the fall of 1862, Compa- 
ny (i, 29th Virginia regiment, serving mostly in Virginia, wounded at 
Five Forks, April 7, 1805, at that time sergeant-major of the regiment. 
A brotJier, John W., serv(Mi in the Confederate States Artillery, under 
Gen. Joe Johnston, and another brother, Arnold P., wa« captain in the 


Virginia Reserve forces. John W. was aecidentally^^killed while liunt- 
ing, near home, in December, 186(5. 


Farmer and carpenter, of Washington county, Virginia, wa« born in 
this county, on November 1, 1818. His father, who now lives with 
him, is William Gobble, born in Washington county April 12, 1792; he 
was a member of the Light Horse Cavalry, but not called into action, 
in the war of 1812. His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Christo- 
pher Gobble of Maryland, who served under Washington in the Ilevolu-: 
tionary war, and who was a half-brother of Frederick Gobble, who is 
buried on the north fork of the Hcjlston river. The paternal grand- 
mother of John G. Gobble, Jemima Linder, lived to be 102 years old, 
died and was buried at Moccasin Gap. Her mother was a sister of 
Isaac Newland, whose wife and children were captured by Indians on 
the nonh fork of the Holston. 

At Moccasin Gap, September 16, 1840, John (j. Gobble married Sarah 
Phelps, who was born there, November 17, 1824. Their children are 
ten : Elizabeth, Martha J., M. P., Mary C, William (\, Julia A., Robert 
I., Sarah (\, Eglantine T., (ieorge W. Mrs. Gobble is the daughter of 
Martin Phelps, of Moccasin (iap, whose father was Samuel Phelps of 
Russell county, Virginia. Her mother is Eda, daughter of Henry 
Countis of Washington county, formerly of Eastern Virginia. 

Mr. (lobble has hold public office one term as nmgistrate, two years 
constable. In 1868 he was conscriptpd, reported, and being over mili- 
tiiry age was assigned to the enrolling officer's guard, where he served 
eight months, then was dis(*harged. 


Gardner Grant, born in Washington county, near the present site of 
Osceola, April 27, 181*J, was a son of James (irant, who cnnie to the 
county from North Carolina, in 179(), and whose father, also named 
James, was the son of the founder of the family in America, who came 
from the Highlands of Scotland. The mother of Gardner was Jeanette, 
daughter of Archibald McCJinnis, who was born in Ireland, married Mary 
Scott, in that country, and with her came to America. 

In Franklin county, Virginia, October 6, 18'U), Gardner (Jrant married 
Mary Holland, who was born in thatc()unty,S<»ptember24,1816. Their 
children were born in the order named: Peter Holland, Virginia Frances, 
James Taliaferro, Sarah Lettie, Lucinda Jeanette (deceased), Mary Ann, 
Robert G. Clayadell, Lucy Elizabeth, Mattie (deceased). The parents of 


Mrs. (irant were both of Franklin county, Peter D. Holland and Fanny 
(Haneock) Holland. She died July 15,lH8H,and was buried in Bethel 
Cemetery, near her old home. 

Through the years that Virginia formed a part of the Confederate 
States government, Mr. Grant wjis postmaster at Osceola. In 1873 he 
was appointed to the same office, and is still so serving. His second 
son, James TaHaferro, was seventeen months in service, Company H, 
37th Virginia Infantry, C.S. A.,then in the 6th North Carolina cavalry 
till the close of the war. Mr. Grant's nephew was captain of Company 
H, 37th Virginia regiment, then in the 1st Virginia cavalry. 



The Gray family were early simted in Virginia, coming from Ireland. 
James Gray, grandfather of John T., was bom in Augusta county, and 
later removed to Russell county, where his son John wa« born, the 
father of John T. John Gray married Polly, daughter of Jacob and 
Nancy Leece, who were of English descent and came from Baltimore to 
Russell county. John T. wa« born in Lee county, Virginia, on January 
9, 1838. At Ijebanon, Russell county, July 2(), 1804, he married Sallie 
L. Fickle, born in that county, and their children are seven : Mary^ 
Ellen, Jennie Bell, James Kent, Rol)ert Wm., John T., .Sallie L., 
George H. 

Mrs. Gray is a daughter of John B. Fickle, of Lebanon, Virginia, 
whose father was Isaac Fickle, of Baltimore, Maryland, the family com- 
ing from Germany. Her mother is Mary M., daughter of William and 
Mary Fields, of S<-ott county, Virginia. The Fields family have long^ 
been residents of Virginia, the men of the family fighting in her battles 
for three generations. The grandfather of Mrs. Fickle's mother was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, was wounded at Kings Mountain, 
Noi-th Carolina, recovered from his wound, and died in Scott county at 
the ripe old age of 105 years. Several of the name served in the war 
of 1812. 

John T. Gray entered the Confederate Army in April, 1861, in Compa- 
ny C, 37tli V^irginia Infantry, one of the regiments of the original 
*' Stonewall Brigade." He was severely wounded in second Manassas 
battle, and was captured near Farmville, April 6, 18G5, and held until 
June 12th following. He had four brothers in active service, two dis- 
charged in 1862, one two years a prisoner, the fourth also several 
months a prisoner. 

While living in Russell county Mr. Gray wa.s eight years superintend- 
ent of the poor of that county. He is now farming in Washington 
county, residence near Abingdon. 



Robert Emmet t, won of John Gray of Washington county, wan born 
six miles soutli of Abingdon, June 1, 1837. He married, near Abing- 
don, March 17, 1803, Mary J. McChesney. who was born near Abingdon, 
May 2, 1841. Their children are seven : William Fred., Grace, Nellie, 
David S., Kate 8., Bessie A. and Robert McChesney. 

The Gray family were early seated in Washington county, Capt. 
William Gray, a pioneer, being the grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch. John Gray, his father, was a soldier of the war of 1812, and 
also fought at Saltville, in 1864. John Gray married Mary, daughter 
of John Craig, of Wythe county, Virginia. Of this union were bom six 
sons who gave their services to Virginia in the war between the States. 
Robert Emmett enlisted in 1861, Compnny D, 1st Virginia Cavalry, 
was slightly wounded at Dumfries, Virginia, captured on the Gettys- 
burg campaign, near Hagerstown, Maryland. He was sent a prisoner 
to Baltimore, Maryland, thence to Point Lookout, from which place he 
escaped after having been a prisoner about three months. He took 
the field again, and served till the surrender of Lee. His regiment wa*j 
under Stuart, Jones, and '^Fitz Lee,"' during service. His brother 
William M. was quartermaster under General Floyd, then served in the 
2l8t Virginia regiment until the surrender. Another brother was cap- 
tain in the 21st regiment; another lieutenant and (juartermaster ; still 
another quartermaster with Floyd, and the sixth of the brothers was 
assistant commissary of the 21st regiment. 

Mrs. Gray is a daughter of Hugh A. McChesney, residing on the 
Jonesboro road, Washington county. His father, Hugh McChesney, 
settled in this county from Ireland. Her mother is Julia, daughter of 
Thomns McChesney, whose father came from Ireland. 

Mr. Gray is engaged in farming and stockraising, living on his estate 
near King Mill. 


Is a son of Joseph Harrison, foreman of the Iron Works of Franklin 
county, Virginia, and his wife, Lucy, daughter of Peter Kennett, a pio- 
neer of Floyd county, Virginia. The Harrison and Kennett families 
were both of Irish extraction. The subject of this sketch was born in 
Franklin county, Virginia, on September 21, 1832, and was married 
near Roanoke, Virginia, Rev. P. Brown, of Franklin county, uniting 
him in wedlock with Sallie E. Lunsford. The issue of this marriage is 
five children: Elizabeth D., Lulu M., John Wm. (de<'eased), James K. 
and Charles T. Mrs. Harrison was born May 6, 1832, in Bedford county, 
Virginia, and was raised in Roanoke county. Her father was Thomas 


LunHfonl, of Nortliumberland county/ Vir^nia, her mother Elizabetli 
Nehns, of Bedford county, in which county the Nelms family were early 

A number of the immediate family of Mr. Harrison were in the Con- 
federate States service, during tlie late war, including two brothers ; a 
brother-in-law who died in service of sickness ; and three nephew^s, one 
killed in battle of second Manassas, one killed at Gettysburg, and the 
third severely wounded in battle before Richmond. 

Mr. Harrison is pastor in charge of the Baptist church at Glade 
Spring, Washington county, and is the originator and founder of the 
justly celebrated Southwest Virginia Institute, of which he is present 
financial manager. This Institute is now in prosperous condition, ha ving 
a. full corps of able directors, facilities for 150 pupils, and property 
valued at f 20,000. Mr. Harrison is well-known in Virginia , tind adjacent 
States, as a most successful lal)orer in revival meetings. More than 
twelve thousand persons have made a public profession of faith in Jesus 
('hrist in meetings conducted by him. A male academy has been foun- 
dered by him at Glade Spring, and is doinga good work for the education 
of boys. 


Born in Sullivan county, Tennessee, May 18,1852, was rean^d in Wash- 
ington county, Virginia, where his parents made their home when he 
was about nine years of age. He married in this county, at the residence 
of the bride, and her birthplace, near Meadow View, on July 15, 1885, 
Sallie F. (lark, who was born August 15, 1862. They have two daugh- 
ters, Maggie Frances and Clara Victoria. 

Mr. Harwood is a son of William L.Harwood, who was born in North 
Carolina, married in Lincoln county, that State, to Fran<*es Robinson 
of Lincoln county, removed soon after to Sullivan county, Tennessee, 
and about 1859 over the line into Washington county, just north of 
Bristol, Tennessee. He was in service in the late war, a member of 
Company C, 13th battalion Reserve Troops, took part in battle of Salt- 
ville, was captured by the Stonetnan raiders, December, 18G4, near 
Bristol, and held a prisoner at Camp (^hase, Ohio, till June 27, 1805. 
He died at his home near Bristol. Joseph E. Harwood, elder brother 
of L. N., served about three years in Company E,68d Virginia r^ men t, 
was captured in (leorgia, in 1804, and held at Camp Douglas, Illinois, 
eight months. 

The wife of Mr. Harwood is of families long seated in Washington 
county. Her father is Francis S. Clark, son of John B. Clark, and her 
mother is Catharine, daughter of Robei-t White, all of Washing- 
ton count V. Her father and mother were married in 1857, by Rev. 


Dr. Wylie, of Emory and Henry f'ollejj^e, and still live near Meadow 

Mr. Harwood ih one of the most extensive dealers in lumber in Wash- 
ington county; residence, Meadow View. 


Is a farmer and stockman of Washinjj^on county. He was born in 
Wilkes county, North Carolina, September 22, 1829, where his family 
had lived from colonial times. His father was Elisha Hawkins, of Wilkes 
county, farmer and blacksmith, and his grandfather was Burton Haw- 
kins, who served in both the Revolutionary war and the war of 1812, 
and who lived to the advanced age of one hundred and five years. The 
mother of ThomasT. Hawkins was Isabel, daughter of Thomas Roberts, 
of Wilkes county. The Hawkins family came to Virginia in 1844. Dur- 
ing the years of the civil war Mr. Hawkins followed his trade as black- 
smith, and also was engaged in school-teaching. He was thus exempt 
from military duty, which he could not for conscientious reasons have 
performed, as he was a strong and uncompromising Union man from 
fii*st to last. He had one brother in the Confederate army, in the 37th 
Virginia regiment, Stonewall brigade, and many other relatives in the 
army on both sides. 

The first wife of Mr. Hawkins was Jane Combow, born in Russell 
county, Virginia, the daughter of Isaiah Ctmilmw and his wife, Mary Ann, 
7/ep Campbell. Isaiah Combow was a wagon-maker, a son of Samuel 
Combow of Revolutionary fame, and a sc^hool-teacher by profession. 
This marriage of Mr. Hawkins was solemnized near Lebanon, Virginia, 
January 29, 1851, and the children of the union were: Maria E., George 
W., Lafayette I., Thos. Jefferson, Charles Monroe Jasper Newt;on; and 
Mary Jane, who died August 8,1873. 

Mr. Hawkins married seccmdly, Rachel, daughter of Henry Campbell, 
farmer of Russell county, V^irginia, whose father was Richard Campbell, 
who came from Ireland, and wa« a soldier of the Revolutionary war. 
Her mother was Cynthia, daughter of Samuel Elliott, a Kentuckian, 
who settled in Russell county, Virginia, about 1809. The children of 
Mr. Hawkins' se<ond marriage are: Laura Virginia; Abraham Lincoln 
and Ulysses Grant, twins; Henry Wilson, Victoria Isabella, Thomas 
Edward, Margaret Ann, Joseph M. and Nancy Elizabeth. 


Was born November 11, 1849, on the family estate where he still resides, 
two miles east of Abingdon. He is a son of James E. Hayt^r, whose 
father, James C. Hayt<?r, was born in Washington county at an early 
date. In colonial days the Hayter family, of S<*otch-Irisli descent, set- 


tied in tlie Clinch Mountains, founding Hayters Gap, where the firnt 
fort waH erected for the protet'tions of colonistH fi*oni Indians. The fani; 
ily records go back to 1754, when Israel Hayter was born. The moth- 
er of J as. Calvin Ha^'ter w^is Louisa Bowen Thompson, of Tazewell 
county, Virginia, a direct descendant of Lord Baltimore. 

His wife was also born in Tazewell county, near Liberty Hill, Mary 
Madison Ward, daughter of Dr. E. B. WaTd, her grandfather of Irish 
descent, one of the first settlers in Tazewell county, founding settlement 
known as Ward's Cove. Her mother was a Miss Miller of Giles count v, 
Virginia, in which county the Miller family were early seated, and are 
still honored. They were married by Rev. J. H. Alexander, in Smyth 
county, Virginia, No vend>er 15, 1882, and have now four children: 
Eddie Blair, Lillie Grace, James Madison, and Louisa Bane. 

The father of Mr. Hayter entered the Confederate States Army in 1868, 
serving till close of war, his last service in Lynch's battery. He was 
taken prisoner near Wytheville, and held a short time. Benton and 
Samuel Thompson, maternal uncles of Mr. Hayter, were also in service. 


Pastor in charge of the M. E. Church, South, in the East Abingdon 
district, was born in Washington county, May 11, 1849. He married 
in Tazewell county, Virginia, October 8, 1872, Mary A. Bane, who wa« 
born in that county, October 10, 1850. The issue of this union is 
seven children, born in the order named : Charles E.. N. E. May, Maud, 
William Bane, Marguerite A., Spiller, Ellen Stuart. 

The father of William Ward Hicks is Rev. William Hicks, son of 
William Hicks from Maryland, whose father came from England. His 
mother is Elizabeth M., daughter of William Ward of Wythe county, 
Virginia, whose father came from Ireland. William Ward, of Wythe 
county, married a Miss Young of Tennessee. 

Rev. William Hicks, pastor in the M. E. Church, South, was a prom- 
inent member of the Holston conference, and several times a member of 
the general conference. He was the Hay ward count}^ delegate to the 
North Carolina convention at Raleigh that passed the ordinance of 
secession, and during the war was chaplain of the Oth North Carolina 
Infantry. Before the war he was editor of the Herald of Truth; sub- 
sequently edited the Holston AcJvocatey in Virginia; also served as 
superintendent of public schools in Bland county, Virginia. 

The wife of Rev. William Ward Hicks is a daughter of William R. 
Bane, Esq. of Tazewell county, whose father, Howard Bane, came from 
Giles county to Tazewell county, the family of Scotch extraction. Her 
mother was Nancy, daughter of Howard Haven, of Tazewell county. 



About the year 1778 Jacob Hortenstine came from Germany to 
America, making his home first in Pennsylvania, and coming from that 
State to Virginia, settling in Washington county. Here his son John 
Hortenstine grew to manhood and married, his wife being Margaret, 
daughter of James Wilson, of Washington county, whose wife was 
Phebe Dryden, who had a brother killed at Kings Mt. battle. Joel W., 
son of John Hortenstine, ond subject of this sketch, was born on the 
old family homestead where he now lives, February 7, 1841 . Before 
the war he was lieutenant in the Virginia militia, and since the war has 
held rank of major in the same organization. In March, 1862, he 
went into service in Jeffries battery, which was in the (campaigns of the 
Confederate Army of the Tennessee, under Humphrey Marshall, Bragg, 
Joe. Johnston, Hood, and others, and with which he remained until 
the close of the war. He had one brother killed at Sharpsburg, during 
Lee's invasitm of Maryland ; four cousins killed in service. One at Chan- 
cellors ville, one at Spotsylvania C. H., one at Chickamauga, one in the 

Since the war Major Hortenstine has been fifteen years notary public, 
and fifteen years surveyor, which office he is still filling. He married at 
Maple Grove, Washington county. Sept-ember 26, 1867, Mary V. 
Campbell, born in this county, and they have ten children : Edwin C, 
Annie, Susan B., Margaret S., John, Bernard Todd, Henry II., James 
W., Jacob L., Raleigh. 

Mrs. Hortenstine is the daughter of James L. F. Campbell, an infiu- 
ential farmer of Washington county, living near Abingdon, commis- 
sioner of revenue and sheriff of the county. Her mother is Rosannah, 
daughter of Abram McConnell, of this county. 


Previous to the Revolutionary war, Joel Hubble, who was a son of 
John Hubble, a native of Scotland, came from New York to Southwest- 
ern Virginia, and settled in Sm^'th county. His son John Hubble was 
born at Chilhowie, raised in Smyth county, and married in this county, 
his wife being Sarah L., daughter of Martin Jones, of Loves Mills. 
Their son, George W., was born after they made their home in Missouri, 
at Dayton, that State, April 24, 1844, but has now returned to the 
home of his fathers, and is settled in practice in Chilhowie. 

The maternal ancestors of Dr. Hubble moved to the west in early 
times, and were men of note there. His grandfather, Martin Jones, 
became a member of the Dlinois legislature and served with honor a 
number of years. William Jones, brother of Martin, was governor of 


Illinois. Another brother wtiH editor of a paper in St. Louis. A brother 
of Martin Jones, John Jones, was a Baptist clergyman in Smyth and 
Washington counties, Virginia, and died in 1834. 

Martin Jones was born at Loves Mills, and was a son of John Jones, 
an early settler there, who came from Wales. 

The patcTual grandmother of Dr. Hubble wa« Elizabeth, daughter 
of Curtis Johnson, of Smyth county, and a first (tousin to (ien. Joseph 
E. Johnston. 

In 18G1, at the age of sevent<^n years, Dr. Hubble enlisteii in Com- 
pany I, 'kl Middle Tennessee Infantry, ('. S. A., Governor Brown's regi- 
ment. He was captured at Fort Donelson, and held at Camp Douglas, 
Illinois, seven months. After parti<*ipation in the battles of Chickasaw 
Bayou, Spring Dale, Raymond, and siegt* of Jackson, he wtis wounded 
and disabled in battle of Chickamauga. In 1804 he served as deputy 
postmaster at Seven-Mile Ford. From 1880 to 1884 he filled the ottiii 
ot supervisor. 

Dr. Hubble's wife, whom he married July 16, 1872, at her birth place 
and father's residence near Seven-Mile Ford, is Mary Amanda F.,daugli- 
t4*r of William I^eonard, Esq. 


About 1762 Edward and John Jm'kscm, brothers, left England for 
America. They lived for a few years near New Ciistle, Delaware, but 
having been with a scouting party to the little Kanawha, in Virginia, 
and being deeply impressed with the fertility of the soil and the abun- 
dance of game there, they concluded to remove to that region with their 
families. Consecjuently they (?ame to Virginia just prior to the revolu- 
tion, the families expeitting to settle as neighbors. But upon arriving 
at the "Old Field," in Hampshire (now Hardy) county, Elizabeth Cum- 
mings, the wife of John Jackson, was for stopping there, and did stop, 
her superior size being a sufficient reason with her much smaller hus- 
band. She endeavored to pursuade Edward, and his wife Martha, to 
remain there with their families, but Edward asserted his right to de4-ide 
for himself and those with him, and decided he was going on t/O Harrison 
county, unless scalped in the attempt, and went on, settling about four 
miles west of Clarksburg, where some of bis descendants live to this day. 

John Jackson, after a short residence near the present site of Moore- 
field, moved his family to the Buckhannon river, in what is now Upshur 
county, West Virginia, and only about a day's journey from where his 
brother Edward had settled. 

Both Edward and John Jackson served in the Revolutionary war, 
and each had three sons in service, distinguished for bravery. One of 
these was Capt. Stephen Jackson, wounded in battle of Yorktown. The 


renowned and still lamented Confederate general, "StonewalP' Jackson, 
third cousin to Stephen Alonzo, was of this stock, inheriting the gentle- 
ness of his greatgrandfather, John, and the fire and bravery in time of 
danger of his great grandfather's brother, Edward. 

The line of descent of Stephen Alonzo Jackson from this Edward Jack- 
son is thus traced : Edward Jackson was the father of Cai)tain Stephen 
Jackson, who was born July 31,1764, and marrie<l, February 14,1787, 
Elizabeth Pomeroy. Their son. Col. Stephen Pomeroy Jackson, was 
born in January, 1789. He married Hannah Bailey (born November 
7, 1798, died February 25, 1854), daughter of Minter and Nancy (Nor- 
ris) Bailey. Their son, Hon. Minter Jackson, was born September 20, 
1824, and was twice married. His first wife was Mary K, Fell, born 
August 28, 1830, died March 4, 1856. They had one son, Stephen 
Alonzo, sul)iect of this sketch, born September 22, 1851, in Glenville, 
Gilmer county, (then) Virginia; and one daughter, Mary Scott, now 
Mrs. Dunn, born September 25, 1855. The Hon. Minter Jackson mar- 
ried secondly, August 10, 18(54, Isabella HoltBeattie, a grand daughter 
of Gen. John Beattie, who was aComissarygeneral under Gen. Washing- 
ton in the Revolutionary war. By this marriage were born two chihlren : 
Walter Beattie and Hannah Belle. 

Minter Jackson espousing the cause of the South in the late war, 
refugeed to Virginia with his parents and children, Stephen A. being 
then about ten vears old. The father, uncles and a host of the cousins 
of Stephen A. were Confederate soldiers, while many 'of his maternal 
relatives were in the Northern army. 

At Brook Hall, Washington county, September 5, 1876, Ilev. J. 0. 
Sullivan officiating, Stephen A. Ja<!kson married Mary Cloyd Earnest, 
who was born nearGladeSpring, August 7, 1852. They have two chil- 
dren : Earnest Alonzo, born August 13, 1877 ; Minter, jr., born December 
25, 1880. 

Mrs. Jackson is a daughter of C'ol. J. Henry Earnest and Amanda J. 
Earnest, nee Byars. Her maternal grandmother wa« Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Beattie, whose father was the Gen. John Beattie before 

Mr. Jackson is a 32d-degree Mason and a Knight Templar, and past 
W. G. M. of the Kai)pa-Sigma Fraternity. 


Boni in Nelson county, Virginia, November 19, 1831, is a son of Coleman 
Jones, of that county, formerly of Bedford county, Virginia, where his 
father, Owen Jones, settled, coming from London, England. The mother 
of Marshall M. was Sophia, daughter of Elijah Mays, of Nelson county, 


Virginia, but formerly .of King and Queen county, Virginia. Elijah 
Mays and two of his sons were in service in the war of 1812. By reason 
of disability Mr. Jones was exempt from military service during the late 
war. He had five brothers in service, one of whom, Elijah C, w^as killed 
in first battle at Manassas. 

The first wife of Mr. Jones was Mary J., daughter of James L. Bradley, 
of Washington county. She was born March 12, 18»-I5,near Abingdon, 
tlipy were married Deceml)er 22, 1854, and she died July 18, 1880. They 
had three sons, James C. and Edward C, now deceased, and Charles I., 
now of Abingdon. Near Abingdon, October 5, 1882, Mr. Jones married 
Ella J. Stevens, who was born at Oneida, New York, September 24, 18G0. 
She is a daughter of Amos W. Stevens, who came from New York to 
Wa.shington county in 1871, and is living near Abingdon. Zadock 
Stevens, formerly of Oneida, was his father. Her mother, Betsy, daughter 
of John Shaver, of "Columbia county, New York, die<l near Abiligdon, 
April 1, 1887, nged seventy-two years. 

Mr. Jones is a farmer, with residence near Abingdf)n. 


Was bom February 2, 1824, on the old family homestead, where he 
still resides, near Emory, Washington county. He is a son of James 
and Nancy Kelly, his fatlier the son of Ezekiel Kelly, who came from 
Ireland and settle<l in Virginia near Harj>ers Ferry. His mother wa« 
Nancy, daughter of Jonas Smith, who came to Washington county at 
an early date, and settled near Emory. 

In this county, November 15, 1854, Rev. George R. Barr, I). D., officia- 
ting clergymen, he married Mahala Helton, and their children were bom 
in the order named : Alice M., Melinda F., James N., Milton F., Jefferson 
D., Thomas C, William H., Jona;S S. The two eldest, Alice and Melinda, 
are now deceased ; James is superintendent of a large and prosperous 
school near Chicago, Illinois. Mrs. Kelly was born in F'loyd county, 
Virginia, July 1, 1829, the daughter of Reuben Helton and Nancy Helton, 
nee Burnetts, who were raised in Floyd county, and later were residents 
of Washington county. 

Mr. Kelly ably filled the responsible office of magistrate for al)out 
eight years, before and during the war. He had a number of near rela- 
tives in a^'tive service during the war, among them a cousin, John H. 
Smith, killed in battle at Saltville. 



About 1770 John Kelly came from PenDsylvania to the then wilds of 
Washington county, where he founded the family that has since been 
honorably identified with the growth of the county. He was a soldier 
of the Continental army, Revolutionary war, and fought at Kings 
Mountain. His son Andrew E. Kelly, married Joanna, daughter of 
Major John Edmondson, another of the pioneers of the county, and 
their son, James E., subject of this sketch, was born February 23, 1811, 
at their home in the southeast part of this county. Near Osceola, Sep- 
tember 29, 1836, he married Margaret Buchanan, who was there born 
July 28, 1814. Her father, William Buchanan, Esq., wa« many yeai*s 
high sheriff of Washington county, many years magistrate and over- 
*seer of the poor. He was a son of Matthew Buchanan, and he married 
Jane, daughter of Benjamin Keys, of this county. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. James E. Kelly are : William B., Andrew, 
Elizabeth C. (deceased), Amanda L., Hay (deceased), John Walter and 
Sally. The two eldest sons served through the lat« war in Company F, 
37th Virginia regiment. Andrew, orderly sergeant of his company, 
was wounded at Kernstown. William B., who was made sergeant- 
major of the regiment, was twice wounded in the right arm, in the same 
battle. Except when wounded, these brothers took part in every move- 
ment of the 37th, and at the surrender Andrew was the only able-bod- 
ied man left of the original eighty-five of the company, and was in com- 
mand of the fragment of the shattered regiment there, and as such 
signed all papers relating to the surrender, except the paroles. 

James E. Kelly has always been engaged in the cultivation of his farm 
in Washington county. He filled the office of deputy sheriff two years, 
and of overseer of the poor six years. 


In colonial days, John Kelly, of Irish descent, came from Pennsyl- 
vania to Washington county. His son Andrew was a farmer of Wash- 
ington county. James E. Kelly, son of Andrew^, married Margaret, 
daughter of William Buchanan, her mother Jean Keys, whose ancestors 
came to America in the Mayflower. The subject of this sketch is a son 
of James E. Kelly and his wife, Margaret, and was born January 18, 
1838, near Kellys Chapel, Washington county. 

He married in this county, near Abingdon, February 14, 1867, at 
the residence of the bride's father, and her place of birth, Julia E. 
Lowry. Their cliildren are: Elizabeth Lowry, Margaret Buchanan, 
Lowry Graham, Grace Bailie, James Montgomery, Julia Isabella, Rob- 
ert Wm. Also two infants died unnamed. Mrs. Kelly is a daughter of 


John M. Lowry, who was a son of Robert Edmondson Lowry, of Wash- 
ington county. Her mother was Elizabeth, daughter of William 
Graham, who was a son of John Graham of Washington county, and 
who married Isabella Buchanan. 

Wm. B. Kelly entered the Confederate army in June, 1861, Company 
F, 37th Virginia regiment, and was wounded at Kemstown, March 23, 
1862, while sergeant-major of his regiment. When able for duty he 
was transferred to the quartermaster's department, where he served 
until made prisoner at Sailors Creek, April 5, 1865. He was held at 
Point Lookout until July following. He had one brother in service, 
wounded at Kernstown also, and surrendered at Appomattox, where, 
as orderly sergeant, he was in command of his regiment. A cousin of 
Mr. Kelly died while a prisoner at Fort Delaware. Mr. Kelly is engaged 
in farming, and also in the nursery business. 


Born at Honakerville, Russell county, Virginia, on January 7, 1832, is 
the son of George H. Kendrick, of Scott county, Virginia, whose father 
was George Kendrick, of Russell county, a soldier of the war of 1812, 
in which he held commission a« captain. The Kendrick family are of 
Irish descent, settlers at an early date in Russell county. The wife of 
Henry F., whom he married at GladeSpring, Virginia, October 27, 1870, 
is Mary E. Price, bom near Glade Spring, on June 30, 1843. Their 
children are five: George H., Grace Price, Margaret E., Ella Virginia 
and Price. Mrs. Kendrick is the daughter of John W. Price, of Russell 
county, one of the noted men of that county in his day. She has two 
brothers who are ministers in the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
Her mother was Miss Mary Miller, of Smyth county, Virginia, of one of 
the oldest Virginia families. 

Major Kendrick derives his title from service in the war between the 
States, when he was major of the 22d Virginia Cavalry, from August, 
1862, to the close of the war. He was in constant field service from the 
time the regiment took the field until the battle of Monocacy, Maryland, 
July 9, 1864. In that battle he was wounded and made prisoner, and 
was not exchanged until March, 1865. His brother J. T. Kendrick 
served in the same regiment. Another brother, L. H. Kendrick, was in 
the Federal army, in a Kentucky or Ohio regiment, and visited him 
while he was held a prisoner of war. George H. Kendrick, Major Ken- 
drick 's father, represented Scott county in the Virginia legislature many 
years. He was in the capitol building when it fell, in 1869. 

Major Kendrick is now engaged in a mercantile business at Meadow 
View, where he has his home. 



Four brothers named King emigrated from Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, to what is now Washington county, Virginia, and Sullivan 
county, Tennessee, in the earliest days of its settlement, or, about the 
year 1762. One of these was David King, grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch. David married a daughter of John Sharp, who is sup- 
posed to have been the first settler of what is now Sullivan county, 
Tennessee, and his son, John Sharp King, was the father of Hev. John 
Rutledge King. John Sharp King served in the war of 1812, at the age 
of seventeen years. He was at Mobile at. the time of the battle of 
New Orleans, and, with a squad of soldiers, captured some British 

Rev. John Rutledge King was bom in Roanoke county, Virginia, 
April 13, 1817. His ancestors on his mother's side were the Rut ledges 
and VanJears, of Roanoke, Virginia. He was educated for the ministry 
at Mary ville Theological Seminary, Blount county, Tennessee. In 1848 
he entered the ministry of the New School Presbyterian Church. The 
schools united in 1865, forming the Presbyterian Church, South. He 
has been engaged in the work of the* ministry constantly since 184t3,in 
Virginia and Tennessee. 

Mr. King's first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of John Thomas, an 
early settler of Sullivan county, Tennessee. She was born in that 
county. May 21, 1811; they were married there, January 2, 1844, by 
the Rev. James King, living then where Bristol, Tennessee, now stands. 
She died August 23, 1876, leaving three children: Sarah S., now Mrs. 
Delaney, of Washington county, Virginia; John T. and Dr. James M. 
King, of Bristol. John entered the Confederate States Army when 
only sixteen yeais of age, and is now^ a farmer in Sullivan county, 

The setiond marriage of Rev. J. R. King was solemnized at Kingsport, 
Tennessee, by Rev. M. C. Willoughby, May 7, 1878, Maria C. Vance 
becoming his wife. She is a daughter of Dr. James Vance, of Kingsport. 
Her mother was a Sevier, a near relative to (Jeneral Sevier of * ^King's 
Mountain " battle fame. 


Was bom on his father's estate in Washington county, Virginia, twelve 
miles west of Abingdon. He is the son of Isaac Kreger, who was bom 
in Wythe county, Vivginia, and was a tanner, which occupation he fol- 
lowed in Abingdon and other parts of Washington county from his 
coming to the county, about 1824, to 1853, in which year he removed 
to Tennessee, later to Arkansas. At Rock Springs, Wasliington county, 


Virginia, September 29, 1859, John (J. Kreger married Mary E. Brsid- 
ley, who was bom in Mississippi in 1836. The issue of tliis marriage 
was nine children, of whom one, Nannie P., is now deceased. The living 
children all make their home in Washington county, the sons among 
the most active and progressive of the citizens of Abingdon. These 
eight children are named : Iieul)en B., John M., Laurie B., Rosa Lee, 
Mary E., Margaret R. G., Sarah T. and George G. Mrs. Kreger's 
parents were Virginians, Reuben L. Bradley and Evelyn Gay, married 
in Washington county in 1835, and removing to Mississippi, where the 
father died in 1836. Some years after, Mrs. Bradley became the wife of 
(^ol. Thomas M. Preston, and she died in December, 1884. From July, 
1858, to July, 1865, Mr. Kreger was clerk of the county court, Wawh- 
ington county. In July, 1887, he was elected clerk of the circuit court, 
which position he is still ably tilling. 


In the pioneer days of Washington county there settled in that coun- 
ty Moses Latham, who came from Pennsylvania, the family being of 
S<.*otch-Irish descent, that hardy stock nursed in the Presbyterian faith. 
James E. Latham, son of Moses, married in Washington county, Eliza- 
beth," daughter of Hugh McChesney, who settled in this county from Ire- 
land. Their son Moses H. was bom at Halls Bottom, Washington 
county, November 27, 1828. Near Abingdon, March 22, 1852, he mar- 
ried Ellen James, who was born November 11, 1831, at the plac*e where 
her marriage was solemnized. The record of the children of the mar- 
riage is : James W\, living now in Dennison county, Texas; Daniel C, now 
dei'eased; Laura L., now the wife of Samud Latham, of Washington 
county; four daughters now deceased, Margaret J., JF'annie V., Sarah 
E. and RhodaC; Robert Emmett, living at home; Hugh Anna, at home; 
Mary B., deceased; Abbie, de<^eased; Minnie Trigg, at home. Mrs. 
Latham is the daughter of Elisha James, now of Sullivan county, Ten- 
nessee, a son of Walter James, an early settler in Washington county 
from England. Her mother is Sarah, daughter of William Gray, who 
came to Washington county' from Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Latham is a farmer and stock raiser. He was in service in the 
late war, Company D, Ist Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A., and was severely 
wounded twice at Waynesboro, Virginin, in arm and neck, September, 
1864. His brother L. W\ served through the war in the same company 
and regiment. He had three cousins killed in service, two serving from 
Virginia, one from Missouri. Another cousin, Dr. McChesney, was severe- 
ly wounded. 



Farmer and stockman of Washing:ton county, Virginia, was born in 
Smyth county, Virginia, April 25, 1845. On May 1, 1861, he entered 
service, Confederate Army, in Company B, 4th Tennessee Infantry, He 
was three times wounded, twice with sabre, once by gunshot, first 
wound at Shiloh, second at Stone River, third at Woodbury, Tennessee. 
He was captured in April, 1863, and held at Camp Chase, Ohio, till 
the following August. Exchanged at City Point, he rejoined his regi- 
ment, with which he served until surrendered with Johnston's army. 
His relatives were all Unionists, many of them in the Federal army. 
His father, John Lester, of Smyth county, was a Union soldier from 
East Tennessee. The grandfather of C. T. Lester, was also named John 
Lester, and wa« of Smyth county. His mother wa« Sally Dickerson, 
bom in North Carolina. He has been twice married, his first wife 
Emma, daughter of Samuel D. and SaDie (Dingmore) King, of 
Sullivan county, Tennessee. Samuel D. King, a son of Harvey King, 
served in the Confederate States army. Emma King was born August 
15, 1846, they were married September 10, 1867, in Sullivan county, 
and she died January 26, 1873. He married secondly, in Sullivan 
county, Tennessee, Clarie E. King, sister of Emma, bom in that county, 
August 15, 1856. Their children are eight: Susan E., Eliza Virginia, 
James S., Stephen H., William G., Thomas G., Charles Frank, Lizzie 


Is a son of George V. and Rachel Litchfield, who settled in Washington 
county about 1815, and reared a family of eight children. His mother 
was the daughter of John Mitchell, who married a daughter of W^illiam 
King, the elder, Ivho dis(;overed and developed the great salt works of 
Washington and Smyth counties. The Hubject of this sketch was bom 
in Abingdon, on January 20, 1837, and was married in Wythe county, 
Virginia, November 20, 1867, Rev. W. G^ E. Cunningham there joining 
him in wedlock with Elizabeth P. Pierce. The wife of Mr. Litchfield, 
born in Pulaski county, Virginia, is a daughter of James N. and Nancy 
Pierce. Her mother is of a family distinguished in the civil and mili- 
tary annals of Virginia, being the sister of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, and a 
daughter of Judge Archibald Stuart, who married Elizabeth Pannill. 
Mr. and Mrs. Litchfield have five children: Annie S., Lizzie P., Mary, 
George Victor and Belle, and have buried three: Rachel B., James P., 

Mr. Litchfield served through the late war, an ofti(M?r in Company D, 
1st Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A., from April, 1861, to April, 1865. He was 
wounded in engagement at Slaterville, and a second time at Waterloo 


Bridge by a Hharpshooter, through the hand. He had two brothers in 
service, one of whom is now det'eased. In 1879 Mr. Litchfield was 
mayor of Abingdon. He is a resident of that town, engaged in farming 
and as a manufacturer. 


Near Loves Mills, Washington county, June 1, 1824, the subject of 
this sketch was born, and his home has always been in the county, his 
occupation farming. He is a son of Leonidas Love, who came to this 
county from Wythe count}', the son of William Love of that county, 
formerly a resident of Eastern Virginia. The mother of James C, Free- 
love Cole, is a daughter of James Cole, of Smyth county, whose father, 
also named James Cole, was one of the first white children bom in that 

In Rye Valley, February 10, 1846, James C. Love married Cedelia 
James, who was born in Rye Valley, Smyth county, in 1826. Her parents 
were both born and raised in the Valley, and honored residents there 
through life, John James and Nancy, daughter of John Smith. Mr. and 
Mrs. Love have four children living : Perlina, Jolm J., Josephine V. and 
Mollie, and have buried six : America, Nannie, William, two babes died 
unnamed, and Susan C. 

In May, 1862, Mr. Love was detailed by the Confederate authorities 
in the manufacture of nitre at Loves Mills. He was enrolled in the 
Reserve troops through the years of the war, and took part in both 
battles at Saltville. He was at Christiansburg at the? time of the sur- 
render, and there discharged. He had one brother and one brother-in- 
law in the Reserve troops, both in battles at Saltville, and one brother- 
in-law in the field, killed in the second year of the war; another brother, 
J. R. Love, was in the 48th Virginia regiment, served from the organiza> 
tion of the regiment to close of war; was slightly wounded (which still 
affects him); was captured in 1864, and held a prisoner until close of 
the war; another brother, Oscar, lives now in Tennessee; another 
brother, William, went into service from Arkansas, and has not been 
heard from since. 


Was born in Washington county, Virginia, near the Tennessee line, June 
15, 1843. He is now a farmer of this county, living near the place of 
his birth. He enlisted l)efore his nineteenth birthday, in the spring of 
1862, CompanyA, 63d Virginia regiment, and was commissioned second 
lieutenant. He received a slight shell wound in arm, and was captured 
in battle of Missionary Ridge, November, 1863. Sent as prisoner of 
war to Johnsons Island, in Lake Erie, he was held there until after close 


of war, till June, 1865. He had one brother in service, in the let Vir- 
ginia Cavalry, who was badly wounded in left hand near Warrenton, 
Virginia, and who also came near being hung as a spy, after entering 
the Yankee lines with a flag of truce, by proper authority. 

The father of Mr. McChesney was Hugh A. McCheeney of Watshington 
county, whose father was Hugh M. McChesney who came to the county 
from Ireland with his little family about the year 1 800. Mr. McChes- 
ney's mother was Julia A., daughter of Thomas McChesney, who wa« 
bom in this county, and was sheriff of Washington county in early 
times. His wife, whom he married in Washington county, December 12, 
1873, was bom in this county. May 1, 1856, Fannie J., daughter of 
Joseph W. Rhea, a son of William Rhea, whose father came to Washing- 
ton county from Ireland when a boy. The mother of Mrs. McChesney 
is Elizabeth P. C, daughter of Dr. F. W\ Ivry, who came from Eastern 
Virginia to Washington county, and married a Miss Preston. Mr. and 
Mrs. McChesney have three children : Samuel Rhea, Joseph Hugh, 
Mary Julia. 


Isaac McQuown, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born 
in Scotland, in 1772, and came to Pennsylvania in early childhood. In 
1790 he removed to Washington county, Virginia. He wa^ twice mar- 
ried. In 1795 Ann Orr became his wife, and they had seven children: 
John Ryburg, Ellen, Ann, Arthur Orr, Jane Branson, Elizabeth, 
Rebecca. He married secondly, on August 21, 1817, Mrs. Margaret 
Hope, and they had one son, Isaac A., bom August 30, 1819. This 
son Isaac, father of Robert T., was educated at the Abingdon Male Acad- 
emy, and taught school and farmed, many years. He was in the Con- 
federate States army in 1863, and in 1864 was elected county sur- 
veyor, which office he so ably filled that he was retained in it until his 
death, which occurred on February 9, 1887. 

Isaac A. McQuown was twice married. His first wife was Nancy K. 
Berry, whom he mairied December 23, 1841, and they had eight chil- 
dren: Sarah Virginia, Columbus, David Nathaniel, James Ferdinand 
(in service last year of the war), Mary Margaret, Isaac Walter, 
William Parker, and Robert T. Isaac A. McQuown married swondly, 
January 28, 1879, Kate McGinniss, who survives him. . 

Mrs. Margaret McQuown, the grandmother of Rol>ert T., was bom 
in Northern Virginia, February 25, 1776. His mother was bom in 
Washington county in 1817, the daughter of one of its honored residents, 
Robert Berry. 

Rol)ert T. McQuown was born near Osceola, Washington county, 
October 13, 1860. He received his ai*ademical education at Lil^erty 


Hall Aoadeiiiy, then attended the Univeraity of Maryland, where he 
jj^raduated with degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery in 1885. In the 
Haiue year he located in Abingdon, where he is engaged in practice. 


Is a son of Thomas Martin, who came from Ireland to Virginia, settling 
in Bedford county, serving in the war of 1812. Thomas Martin mar- 
ried Elizabeth Swain, whose father served in the Revolutionary war, and 
settled in Bedford county some time in 1800. The subject of this sketch 
was bom in Bedford county, near Fancy Grove, May 12, 1824. His 
first wife was Nancy Eliza Hagy, whom he married June 25, 1857. 
They resided in Bristol, Tennessee, until her death, which occurred 
March 20, 18G0. The issue of this marriage was one daughter. Second- 
ly Mr. Martin married, in Washington county, Virginia, Melinda Lewis, 
their marriage solemnized on January 80, 1868. She is the daughter 
of John Lewis, bom in Louisa county, Virginia, who married Sallie 
Lynch. The I^wis and Lynch families were from Ireland, and early 
settlers in Washington county. 

Many of the Martin family and their near relatives were in military 
service, under the Confederate government. Four of Mr. Martin's 
brothers were in the army, two died in service, another was severely 
wounded. His own service was first as a government employee and con- 
tractor, but in 18()8 he took the field, a member of Company K, 
64th Virginia Mounted Infantry, with which he served till the close of 
the war. He is now engtiged in farming, residing at Meadow View. 


Dealer in general merchandise at Wallace Switch, Washington county, 
was bom near Abingdon, March 27,1864. He is a son of Rev. S. P. 
Metcalfe, clergyman of the Christian Baptist Church in Washingt-on 
county, who was bom in McMinn county, Tennessee, in May, 1834. The 
father of Rev. S. P. Metcalfe was Charles Metcalfe, who was a soldier of 
the war of 1812, and during the late war was proprietor of the cotton 
mills near Atliens, Tennessee, which were burned out twice during the 
war. Gen. Thomas Metcalfe of Kentucky is a brother of Charles Met- 

The mother of C. E. Metcalfe was Miss M. H. Mongle, daughter of 
Abram Mongle, of Mongles Springs, Virginia, many years sheriff of 
Washington county. His father was Jacob Mongle, one of the eminent 
pioneers of Southwestern Virginia, proprietor of Mongles Springs, and 
a veteran of the war of 1812. 



Was bom near Saltville, Virginia, on September 23, 1843. He is a son 
of Humberson Miller, of Washington county, and a grandson of Hon. 
Joseph Miller, member of the Legislature about 1840. The mother of 
Felix Catharine E., daughter of Henry Stavely, of Smyth county, 
who formerly kept the hotel twelve miles east of Marion. Humberson 
Miller, who is a farmer, was captain in the Virginia militia before the 
war. He had two sons in the army: Felix G., who volunteered in 1862, 
at Abingdon, and served till the close of the war in the 29th Virginia 
regiment, in Picketts division, Army of Northern Virginia. The other 
son served in a Texas regiment, was twice wounded in battle, then 
made prisoner and held for a time at Camp Chase, Ohio. 

Near Abingdon, January 17, 1867, Felix G. Miller maiTied Lizzie P. 
Dennison, born near Abingdon, daughter of Robert P. Dennison, her 
mother Mary, daughter of John Gray, of Washington county. Her 
father's father was Andrew Dennison, who came from Ireland to South- 
west Virginia at the time the Prestons came. Alice J., first-bom of the 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Miller, is now deceased, and they have buried 
their two youngest, Grover C. and Ethel May. Their living children 
are three sons: Robert H., Alexander B., Peter E. Mr. MOler is a 
farmer and lumberman. 



Is a son of Hon. Joseph Miller, of Washington county, former represen- 
tative of the county in the legislature, and for many years senior mag- 
istrate of the county, one of its eminent citizens, who died in 1845. His 
mother was Catharine, daughter of Abram Fuller, of Russell county, 
Virginia. He was born in the east part of Washington county, March 
14, 1830. His marriage was solemnized at Bristol, Tennessee, June 8, 
1859. He married Melissa, daughter of John Burke, of Elk Garden, 
Russell county, and his wife Margaret Burke, nee Dyre. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Miller were bom in the onler named : Maggie A., Robert 
L., John E., Elbert S., William Pitt, Mary C, Joseph J., George I. 

Mr. Miller has held public office, as school commissioner and tax 
assessor in Tennessee, and constable of Washington county. He en- 
listed in April, 1861, Company F, 37th Virginia Regiment, C. S. A., and 
was in active service until captured at Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, 
1864. From that time until June 1, 1865, he was held prisoner of war 
at Fort Delaware. He had one brother in service in King's battery, 
one nephew died in service, and a number of cousins died or were killed 
in service. Farming is Mr. Miller's occupation. 



Is a son of Thomas Moore, a prosp)erous farmer of Washington county . 
whose father was Martin Moore, also a farmer of this county, his father 
Richard Moore, who built the first mill in Washington county. Lettie 
Lutitia, daughter of Nicholas Fleenor, of Washington county, was the 
mother of Isaac B. He was born on the family homestead on the head 
waters of Beaver Creek, near Walker Mt. May 14, 1852. At Bristol, 
Tennessee, December 14, 1880, he married Cynthia M.Haley, who was 
bom in Pulaski county, Virginia, December 24, 1855, the daughter of 
John T. Haley of that county, her mother a Miss Welton. Mr. Moore 
is engaged in farming, his land lying in Washington county. 


The family line of Mr. Morriss, Virginians through several genera- 
tions, is thus traced : Isaac Morriss, of Fairfax county, Virginia, mar- 
ried Ann Thompson, of Amelia county, this State. Their son, William 
A. Morriss of Pittsylvania county, married Winifred Quesenbury. A 
son bom to them, named William L., living also in Pittsylvania coun- 
ty, married Ann Earp, and Marion M. Morriss is their son. He was 
born in Pittsylvania county, on March 4, 1843. 

Before he was nineteen years of age he had entered the Southern army, 
and he served from February, 1862, to the close of the war as orderly 
sergeant of the Ringgold Battery. Since the war his home has been in 
Washington county, where he has been identified with the best interests 
of the county. For ten years he was a magistrate of the county. He 
has been, from its beginning, intimately connected with the Southwest 
Virginia Institute, and chairman of its board of trustees since organi- 
zation. He carries on an estate, and is also a merchant of Glade 

Mr. Morriss ha« l)een twice married. His first wife, who died Febru- 
ary 17, 1882, was Elizabeth A., daughter of James W. McSpaxlden of 
this county. Their children are : William S., Walker M., Nina B., John 
T., Benham, Mary (deceased), Dabney, Judson and Marion M. Second- 
ly Mr. Morriss married Evie Hunter, of Appomattox county, Virginia, 
and their only son bears the name of her family. Hunter. She is of 
well-known Virginia, families, Benjamin and Sarah Hunter, nee WiUiams, 
of Appomattox county her parents, and her paternal grandfather Ben- 
jamin Hunter who married Sarah Arrington, of Campbell county, 



Is the third of the fourteen chOdren of Jacob Neff and his wife Mary 
Neff, nee Copenhaver, and was bom near Abingdon, July 17, 1849. His 
father, bom in Wythe county, but raised in Smyth county, ' is a son of 
Peter Neff, of Smyth county. His mother is a daughter of Christly 
Copenhaver, of Smyth county, where he settled from Pennsylvania. 
Jacob Neff served, during the war, in Capt. John Barr's artillery com- 
pany, stationed at Richmond, and was there at the time of the eva^cua- 
tion. He had one son, Andrew M., in active service. Company F, 37th 
Virginia regiment, which he entered at the age of sixteen years ; twice 
slightly wounded. 

In Smyth county, Virginia, February 21, 1883, Ezra S. Neff married 
Ellen Virginia Umbarger, who was bom in that coimty, near Holston 
Mills. They have two children, Mary Pauline and WOliam Newton, and 
have buried three sons: Joseph Andrew L., George Arthur, and Jacob 
Anson. Mrs. Neff's father, Lafayette Umbarger of Smyth county, a 
soldier of the late war, is a son of George Umbarger, who came to Smyth 
from Wythe county. Her mother is Paulina, daughter of John Scott, 
of Rye Valley, Smyth county. 

Ezra S. Neff is a merchant at St. Clair Bottom. He was five or six 
years postmaster, St. Clairs P. O., and registrar of the St. Clair district 
for three years. 


The distinguished lineage of the Preston family has been referred to 
many times in previous pages of this work. The subject of the pi'esent 
sketch traces his connection with the family through his father, who was 
Col. John Preston of Walnut Grove, and his mother, who was Mai*garet 
B., daughter of Col. William Preston of Montgomery county, Virginia. 
Francis Preston was born at the family homestead at Walnut Grove, 
March 26, 1822. At Waverly, Loudon county, Virginia, he married Vir- 
ginia Moffett, who was born at Waverly, the daughter of Robert Moffett, 
of Loudon county, her mother a daughter of William Mead, of that 
county. Of this marriage four sons were bom : Francis E. and William 
A., now deceased; Robert M., now an officer in the People^s National 
Bank at Leesburg, Virginia; John C, now a practicing physician at 
Dade City, Florida. 

Francis Preston married secondly Martha Powell Fulton, and there 
were two children of this marriage, Charles Fulton (deceased) and Mary 
Taylor. Mrs. Preston is the daugliter of Rev. Creed Fulton, an eminent 
divine of the Holston conference, the principal founder of Emory and 


Henry ('olU»ge in Wanhington county, MaBter Mason. Her mother is 
Mary, daugliter of Major James Taylor, grandniece of Gen. Wm. Camp- 
bell* of Kings Mountain fame. 



Fanner and stockman, was bom November 20, 1828, on the old home- 
stead farm known as ** Walnut Grove Farm,'' Washington county . He 
was married at Redlands, Albemarle county, Virginia, to Anne C. Car- 
ter, September 7, 1852. She was bom near Charlottesville, Virginia, 
April 19, 1833. They have ten children : Mary Coles, Margaret B., 
Ellen B., Elizabeth M., Anne Cary, Henry, jr., Jane C, Isuetta R., Eu- 
gene F. and Thomas Percy. 

Mr. Preston had three brothers in service in the late war: Col. Thos. 
W\ Preston, of Memphis, Tennessee, killed at Shiloh; Walter E., served 
unharmed through the war: and Col. Jas. T. Preston, who commanded 
the reserve forces in both battles at Saltville. He is a son of the late 
Col. John Preston of Walnut Grove farm, who served with rank of 
Ueutenant-colonel in the war of 1812, and was a long time colonel of 
militia, several years chief magistrate in Washington county, a man of 
wealth, influence and scholarly attainments. He was a graduate of 
Dickerson College, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and of the law school of 
William and Mary College at Williamsburg. He married in 1800^ Mar- 
garet B. Preston, a distant relative, of Montgomery county, Virginia. 
She was the youngest daughter of Col. William Preston, and the sister 
of Gov. Jas. P. Preston, of Virginia., of Gen. Francis Preston^ and of 
Col. John Preston, long state treasurer of Virginia. Col. John Preston, 
father of Henry, was a son of Col. Robert Preston, who settled the Wcd- 
nut Grove farm, and was surveyor in Washing:ton county over fifty 
years, a man of sterling worth and invincible integrity. He came to 
this country from Ireland in early manhood, and by industry, energy 
and ability accumulated great wealth. 

•Charlen Caiiiphell, y()iin^:pr Hon of the Duke of Argyle, married Margaret 
Buchanan of Au^jruHta county, Virginia, and had isHue. Gen. Wm. Campbell whh 
their Hon. A daughter, EIizal>eth, marrie<l John Taylor of Mont^^raery county, 
V'irj^inia, and had isHue seven children. Allen Taylor, a judge of the Supreme 
Court of Virginia, wan their hou. Another Hon, Major Jame« Taylor, married 
Sally Smith of Russell county, and their daughter Mary married Rev. Creed 
Fulton. The living childi*en of this marriagi* are three daughters : Sally Smith ; 
Martha PowHl, niarri^Ml as above; Mary Taylor, nmrried Cha8. D.Carter of 
Russell county, a descendant of the same ancestry, his mother beiu^ a sister of 
Major James Taylor. Rev. Creed Fulton is a descendant of Major Jones of 
Grayson county, Virginia, who served in the legislature of Virginia a term of 
years and married a Miss Powell of Henrico county. 



AnneC, wife of Henry Preston, was raised at Charlottesville, the 
daughter of Capt. John C. Carter, of Albemarle county, who was a lin- 
eal descendant of Robert Carter, whose history is given in Volume I of 
this work. Her mother was Ellen Bankhead, related to Gen. Bankhead, 
formerly of the U. S. Army, and the great grand-daughter of Thomas 


Thomas M., son of Colonel Thomas M. Preston, was bom in Wash- 
ington county, on the family estate where his father was bom, near 
Rock Spring Church, October 27, 1847 the date of his birth. He is a 
grandson of Samuel Preston, who was bom in this county, four miles 
east of Bristol. His mother, formerly Miss *E valine Gray, of an old 
Scotch-Irish family, wa« raised in Washington county . NearCedarville, 
this county, at the home of her father, Mr. Preston married, October 
21, 1874, Mattie A., daughter of Dr. Christ. C. Alderson. She was bom 
at Lebanon, Russell county, Virginia, her father coming from Russell 
county in the first year of the war, and settling on Eleven-Mile creek. 
In 1863 he moved to his present place of residence. Walnut Grove. He 
is the son of Davis Alderson, who came to Washington county in 1823. 
Mrs. Preston's mother was Mary Gibson before man*iage, of the Russell 
county family of Gibsons. 

Mr. Preston entered the Confederate service one month before reaching 
the age of seventeen, in September, 1864, Company D, 1st Virginia 
Cavalry, with which he served tiU the close of the war. An elder brother, 
R. B. Preston, served three years in the same company. A half-brother, 
John M. Preston, was four years in the field, quartermaster of the 37th 
Virginia regiment, and many other relatives and friends were in service 
tlirough the war. 

Mr. Preston is a farmer, his beautiful home standing on the west bank 
of Eleven-Mile creek, near its confluence with the middle fork of the 
Holston river, one of the finest sites in Washington county. 



A farmer of Washington county, was bom in Tazewell county, Vir- 
ginia, March 20, 1834. He wa« married in that county, June 5, 1850, 
to Lucinda Ratcliff of Tazewell county. The fruit of the union is twelve 
children: Shadrack W., John R., Lydia Jane (now deceased), Mary 
Elizabeth, James Muncy, George W., Maggie Z. (deceased), Augustus 
Floyd, Eliza R., Sylvester, Vadney V., Louisa M. Richard Ratcliff of 
Tazewell county, son of Richard Ratcliff of Montgomery county, was 
the father of Meshack S. His mother is Lydia, daughter of John Rat- 


cliff of Jackson county, Missouri, in which county he died. Lucind^, 
wife of Mr. Ratcliff, is a daughter of Shadrack Ratcliff, of Tazewell 
county, whose father, John Ratcliff, died in Jackson county, Missouri. 
Her mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Brooks Matnet, of Tazewell 

Mr. Ratcliff was a resident of Buchanan county previous to his com- 
ing to Washington county, and has worthily filled a number of public 
offices. He represented Buchanan and Wise counties in the Virginia 
legislature ; was two years postmaster in Buchanan county, and tw^o 
years commissioner of revenue in that county. In 1861 he went into 
service, captain Company G, 10th Kentucky Cavalry, and so served 
through the war. His brother Abednego served in the same company; 
his brother John S, wa« captain Company I, same regiment, was cap- 
tured in 1863, at Cynthiana, Kentucky, and held at Johnsons Island, 
Lake Erie, till June 27, 1865. Four brothers of Mrs. Ratcliff were in 
service, one, John M., lieutenant Company (i, 10th Kentucky Cavalry, 
wounded and captured at Cynthiana, Kentucky, in 1863, held at John- 
sons Island till June, 1865; the other three served in Derrick's battalion 
of Virginia Infantry. Five cousins bearing the name of Ratcliff were 
in service; two of them in the 10th Kentucky Cavalry; two command- 
ing companies, rank of captain. 


Was bom near Chilhowie, Sulphur Springs, Smyth county, Virginia, 
May 4, 1830, and is still a resident of that county, engaged in farming, 
near Seven-Mile Ford. He married near Chilhowie, July 13, 1854, Lockey 
S. Wcdker, who was born near Chilhowie, and the issue of their union 
was eleven children, all but one of whom are living: Lewis Walton, 
Unity Bell, Thomas Brown, Susan Elizabeth (deceased), Fannie Virginia, 
Margaret Catharine, James Harvey, Narcissus Aker, Mary Alexander, 
John B. Floyd and Charles Preston. 

Mr. Rector was exempted from military service at the beginning of the 
late war, as manager of the salt works at Saltville, where he remained 
until after the first battle there. He was then enrolled in King's Battery, 
stationed for three months at Richmond, then at Saltville a time, then 
ordered east again, and at Christiausburg at the close of the war, dis- 
banding there. He had one brother in service, who died of camp fever 
after return home. He is a son of Moses Rector of Smyth county, many 
years a class leader of the Methodist Episcopal church, whose father 
was Benjamin Rector, who came from Fauquier county, Virginia, to 
Grayson county. The mother of Harvey M. is Susan, daughter of Will- 
iam Humphrey, who came from Fluvanna county, Virginia, to Smyth 
county in middle life. 


Mrs. Rector is the daughter of Daniel Walker, of Wythe and Smyth 
counties, who was a soldier of the war of 1812. Her mother was Unity 
Bates Bell, daughter of James Bell of Wythe county, superintendent 
of the Saltville works, and of the Wythe county lead mines. 


Some time previous to 1790 John Reed of Scotch-Irish descent, came 
from Pennsylvania to Washington county. His son Arthur was bom 
in Pennsylvania, and married Lucretia, daughter of Benjamin Kees, of 
Washington county, Virginia. Their son David B. was bom near Lodi, 
this county, September 13, 1827. December 26, 1850, at the home and 
birthplace of the bride, he married Margaret B. Edmondson, bom Jan- 
uary 20, 1824, near Osceola, this county. She was a daughter of Col. 
James Edmondson, of this county, who served in the war 1812 with 
rank of captain, and who was a son of Captain Robert Edmondson, who 
commanded a company in Colonel Campbell's regiment during the Revo- 
lutionary war. and. fought at Kings Mountain. Her mother was Jane 
Buchanan, daughter of Matthew Buck, who was a son of Andy Buck, 
who came to this county in early times. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Reed are four, bom: James E., September 22, 1851 ; Lucretia K., May 
27, 1853; Elizabeth I. V., April 4, 1858; Arthur Wm., August 1,1866. 

On August 1, 1862, Mr. Reed entered Company E, 3()th battalion 
Virginia Infantry, and served with that battalion in the armies com- 
manded by Early, Longstreet and Breckinridge, through Vii-ginia and 
East Tennessee, and a short time in Maryland. He was made pris- 
oner at Waynesboro, Virginia, March 2, 1865, and was held at Fort 
Delaware until June 20, 1865. He had one brother in service as quar- 
termaster, with rank of captain, with General Floyd about eighteen 
months, was then discharged for disability, and died in 1866. Farm- 
ing is Mr. Reed's occupation, his estate that on which his mother was 


The greatgrandfather of Capt. Ricketts was Dillard Ricketts, who 
came from Scotland in colonial days, and settled at Flint Hill,Culpeper 
county, Virginia, where he married, and had issue three sons. The 
eldest, George, settled in Hamilton county, Ohio, where hereareii a large 
family, and left numerous descendants. The second son remained on 
the homestead in Culpeper county, and his descendants have held 
worthily many enviable positions in public life. The third son, Zacha- 
riah, emigrated to Marion county, Kentucky, as a Methodist Episcopal 
minister, where he married and had three sons, the youngest, D. C. 


Rickett«, the father of the subject of this aketch, who was bom at Brad- 
fordsville, Marion county, Kentucky, May 22, 1834. His mother wan 
Sallie, daughter of Al)el Weatherford,of Bradford sville. Abel Weather- 
ford wa»s of Scotch descent, and his father and mother lived t<3 extreme 
old age, the mother dying in June, 1849, aged 103 years, and the father 
dying the next day, age4l 104 years, buried in the grave with his wife. 
He had been a soldier of the Revolutionary war, and wore his uniform 
with a just pride, up to the day of his death. 

Captain Ricketts has been thi*ee times married. His first wife was 
Missouri Forman, bom in Nelson county, Kentucky, in 1838, whom he 
married at Louisville, Kentucky, May 25, 1852, and who died leaving 
issue one daughter, Mary Frances. Secondly he married, in Jefferson 
county, Kentucky, November 1, 1851, Lizzie Stivers, bom in that 
county, February 6, 1844, who died March 9, 1866, having been the 
mother of four children: William M., now superintendent of public 
schools at Abingdon; James B., now deceased; a babe died unnamed; 
and John E., killed in a railroad accident at Indianapolis, Indiana, in 
February, 1885. The third marriage of Capt. Ricketts was solemnized 
near Abingdon, Virginia, when Eliza D. Galliher became his wife. 

Captain Ricketts represented Jefferson county, Kentucky in the Ken- 
tucky State legislature w^hich passed the ordinance of secession at 
Russellville, but wa« also in military service through the war. He vol- 
unteered in April, 1861, and received commission of captain from Presi- 
dent Davis, recmited nearly 300 men in Louisville, and took the field 
as captain of Company B, 6th Kentucky (Confederate) Infantry. His 
field service ended with Shiloh battle, where he was shot through both 
legs, after which he served as brigade quartermaster until in 1863, then 
commanded the 6th Regular Battalion, C. S. A., till the close of the 
war. Since that time he has been a contractor on railroads, and a 
lumber merchant and shipper. For the last few years he has been set- 
tled on his farm in Washington county, near Abingdon. 

Capt. R. B. Ricketts, a distinguished soldier, and late Democratic 
candidate for lieutenant-governor of Pennsylvania, is his cousin. 



In the days of the early settlement of Washington county, Richard 
Roberts came to the county from North Carolina. His son Henry 
Roberts grew to manhood, and became one of the most influential citi- 
zens of the county, a captain in the militia, and many years a magistrate. 
He married Elizabeth, daughter ofBasil Warren, of Washington county, 
her mother a Miss Clark, whose father, Peter Clark, settled near Emory 
previous to 1800, coming from Scotland. John, son of Henry Roberts 


and his wife Elizabeth, was bom five niileB north of Abingdon, on 
December 9, 1834. Coming of a family whose representatives served in 
the Revolutionary war and the war of 1812, he was early interested in 
military matters, and previous to the hite war was several years cap- 
tain in the militia service. He entered the Confederate States service in 
April, 1862, lieutenant in Company I, 48th Virginia I'egiment, and took 
part in all its engagements to Chancelloi^sville, including battles of Mc- 
Dowell, Winchester, Cross Keys, Port Republic*, the seven days fighting 
around Richmond, Cedar Run, second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericks- 
burg. At Chancellorsville he lost left leg above knee. He had one 
brother, David, killed in battle of Gettysburg, while serving under Gen. 
Kwell, near Culi)s Hill. Another brother, Henry B., was in service be- 
fore eighteen years of age, commissioned captain in the Reserve Troops, 
engaged in battle of Saltville. 

Captain Rol)erts is a farmer and miller. He ha^been a notary public 
for the last eight years, and is the present representative fi'om Wash- 
ington county in the legislature. 

His first wife was Margaret, daughter of John Chapman of Washington 
county, whose wife was Mary, daughter of Stephen and Margaret Lyon, 
also of this county. The issue of this union was one son, John Henry 
Rol)erts. Secondly Captain Rolierts married Susan , daughter of William 
Rhea of Washington county, her mother a Miss Carmick. She died with- 
out issue. Near Abingdon, in October, 1882, he married Mary H» Bal- 
zell, who was bom in this county, the daughter of David Balzell, whose 
father, Lawrence Balzell, came to Washington county from France. 
Her mother's maiden name wa« Sallie Hanby. * 


Was born near Old Glade Spring, Washington county, December 9, 
1 839. His father, Owen Robinson, of Wythe county, was a son of Ben- 
jamin Robinson, formerly of Wythe county, later of Missouri. His mother 
waj4 ('aroline Wyatt, bom in North Carolina, raised in Washing- 
ton county, Virginia. He hiui been twice married, his first wife 
Sallie, daughter of Thomas Sadler, formerly of Brunswick county, Vir- 
ginia. They were married in Russell county, Virginia, December 19, 1867, 
and she die<l near Emory and Henry College, May 12, 1875, having 
l)een the mother of four children, Tillie M., Cora Lee, Seldon R. (now de- 
ceased ) and James S. Secondly Mr. Robinson married in I.iee county, 
Virginia, July 8, 1877, Ellen C. Miller, bom near Montgomery , Virginia. 
They have one son Benjamin F. Mrs. Robinson is the daughter of John 
Miller, of Washington county, whose father, also named John Miller, 
came from Pennsylvania, and was of German descent. Her mother is 

VIRGINIA M^^'^,t,.i,.<.-vs- 


Mary, daughter of Peter Minick, now of Washington county, who came 
from Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Robinson entered the army in April, 1861, Company B, 87th Vir- 
ginia Infantry. He was severely wounded inbattle at Kemstown, Vir- 
ginia, March, 1 802, was captured at Spotsylvania C. H. May, 18f>4, and 
held at Fort Delaware thirteen months, till the close of the war. His 
regiment was a part of the famous " Stonewall Brigade,'' and he took 
part in every movement of that brigade except when wounded or a 
prisoner. Farming is Mr. Robinson's occupation. 


Wyndham B. Robertson, youngest son of Hon. Wyndham Robertson, 
governor of Virginia, 1830, married Florence Henderson inLvnchburg, 
in 1871. 

The following interesting pedigree of the descent of Rev. James Hen- 
derson, grandfather of Mrs. Rol)ertson, is furnished by Mr. Alexander 
Brown, of Nelson, a relative of the family, to whom it wa« sent by 
Michael— John Shaw-Stewart, aft^r it had been verified by the late R. R. 
Stodart, Lyon clerk in Edinburg : 

Archibald Fleming, merchant in Glasgow, Scotland, married Eliza- 
beth Lennox. Their son, William Fleming, burgess of Glasgow and 
clerk of the commissariat, married, and died Septeml)er, 1636. His 
son, Sir Archibald Fleming of Femie Park and Catgill, advocate com- 
missary of Glasgow and Rector of the University, was created a baronet 
in 1661 ; he married in 1637 Agnes, daughter and heir of David Gibson, 
notary and burgess of Glasgow; died January, 1662. His son, Sir 
William Fleming, second baronet, also commissary, married Margaret, 
daughter of Archibald Stewart, of Scotland ; he died in February, 1707. 
His son, Sir Archibald Fleming, third baronet, married in 1692, Eliza- 
beth, eldest daughter of Sir George Hamilton, baronet of Binny ; die<l 
April 14, 1714, leaving issue two sons, and ten daughters. One of 
these daughters married Lord Elphinstone's eldest son, but died with- 
out issue ; another marrie<l Mr. Maschet ; a third married a Mr. Hen- 
derson, and their son is Rev. James Henderson, who cjime to Virginia, 
the grandfather of Mrs. Rolwrtson. Margaret, wife of the first Sir 
William Fleming, was the daughter of Archibald Stewart, who was the 
second son of Sir Archibald Stewart, Knight, of Blackball (by his first 
wife, Margaret, daughter of Bryce Blair). Sir Arcliibald descende<l 
from Robert III. of Scotland, and was ancestor of the present Sir 
Michael-Rol)ert Shaw-Stewart, banmet of Greenock and Blackball, M. 
P. for Renfrewshire, etc. Rev. James Henderson was long an honored 
professor at William and Mary ( -ollege, his first wife Miss Blair, liis 


second, Mrs. Hosbourger, nee Peter. The living children of Wyndham 
B. Robertson and wife are four: Eliza Holcombe, Wyndham Boiling, 
Mary Smith, and Walter Henderson, and they have buried three, Will- 
iam, Chas. Edward and John Rolfe. It will be seen these children are, 
on the maternal side, of descent from Robert III. of Scotland ; on their 
father's side they descend from King Duncan; while, as an eminent 
writer has said, " We must not forget the royal blood of the Princess 
Pocahontas." (See pp. 171-5, Volume I, Virginia and Virginians, for 
the records of Mr. Robertson's family.) 


Born at Abingdon, on December 10, 1839, is a son of William Rodefer, 
of Abingdon, formerly of Shenandoah and Botetourt counties, Virginia, 
who was a contractor and carpenter from 1827 to the opening of the 
war, and was j)08t quartermaster at Abingdon during the war. The 
mother of J. Alex, was Ara, daughter of John Butt, Esq., of Berkeley 
county, (then) Virginia. 

Before the war J. Alex. Rodefer was captain of militia and deputy 
postmaster. In the spring of 1861 he joined Company D, 1st Virginia 
Cavalry, with which he served until transferred to Company B, 37th 
infantry regiment, from which he was dischai-ged in 1863. After that 
served a« chief clerk in the conscnption office of his district. He is a 
carpenter and farmer by occupation; is an A. F. & A. M., Abingdon 
Iwodge, No. 48, past master and Ynember of the Grand Lodge. 

At Lynchburg, Virginia, October 12, 1864, he married Anna Lee 
Johnson, who was born in Hanover county, Virginia, March 10, 1845. 
Their children were bom in the order named: Lula F., William E., 
Francis R., John W., T. Preston, Sallie F., Robert W. Mrs. Rodefer is 
a daughter of William H. Johnson, of Hanover county and of Lynch- 
burg, her mother I^ouisa A., daughter of William Taylor of Caroline 
county, Virginia. 


Born in County Monahan, Ireland, on September 30, 1815, is a son of 
Andrew Smith, who came from Ireland to Virginia about 1816, settled 
in Fluvanna county, removed in 1832 to Botetourt coimty, and died 
there aged sixty-nine years. His mother was Phebe, daughter of John 
McEntu'e, Esq., of County Monahan, bom in Ireland, came to Virginia 
with her husband. Francis Smith married at Holston Springs, Si.'ott 
county, Virginia, September 20, 1842, Eliza B. Grim, who was bom at 
Abingdon, Sept-ember 9, 1824. Ten chihlren were bom to them : Susan, 
Wm. Andrew, Charles H., David, D. F., Emma, Milton H., Mary C, 


Robt. E. Lee, Paul N. Wm. Andrew wa« killed by accident while at 
home during the late war. David, Emma and Milton are now deceased. 

The wife of- Mr. Smith iR of the (Irim and Nulton families, both of 
(ierman extraction, and long settled in Virginia. Her father was Will- 
iam Grim, of Abingdon, formerly of Winchester, where most of the Grim 
family i-eside, and who served under (ien. Harrison in the war of 1812, 
and was present at Detroit at Hull's surrender. Her mother was Sumni 
Nulton of Winchester. 

Mr. Smith is a farmer, contractor and builder of Abingdon. He was 
assistant commissary of subsistancewith('aj>tain Aldersonat Abingdcm 
during the war, and tlie last two yeare of the war was a menil>er of the 
advisory board. 


Is commonwealth attorney for Washington county, and a resident of 
Abingdon. He is a son of I'ol. Andrew Summere who marrie<i Olivia W. 
Hawkins, of Gallia county, Ohio. Col. John C. Summers, born in 1841 
west of the Blue Ridge, in what is now West Virginia, was a refugee from 
that section when that State was create<l. At Abingdon, in 18(>7, Rev. 
James McC'hain officiating, he married Nannie M., daughter of John F. 
Preston of Abingdon. Their children are ten: John F. Preston, Lewis 
P., Olivia Wirt, Robert James, Jennie Pinckney, Nannie May, Sallie 
Morgan (or Fannie Rhea), Sunshine Andrew, Von Moltke and John C. 
At the outbreak of the war between the States, John C. Summers en- 
tered service in the provisional army of Virginia, captain of Company 
A, 3d regiment, Wise's Legion, the regiment later becoming the 6()th 
Virginia Infantry, C. S. A. He was with his command, in constant and 
active service, receiving successive promotions, major, lieutenant-colonel, 
and colonel, until captured in the second battle of Winchester. From 
that time till the close of the war he was held prisoner at Camp Chase, 

JACOB O. 8U80N0 

Was bom on October 16, 18(53, in that part of Wivshington county, 
Virginia, lying near Bristol, Tennessee, where he hiis made his home 
ever since, and is now farming. M. S. Susong, now of Bristol, Tennes- 
see, a successful farmer, is his father, and his grandfather was Jm^th 
Susong, formerly of Rockbridge county, Virginia, who came t.o Wash- 
ington coimty many years ago. The father of this Jacob Susong wa-^ 
the founder of tlie family in Virginia, Andy Susong, who c^me to Amer- 
ica from Fran(?e, settling first in Pennsylvania, and removing thence* to 
Virginia. The mother of Jacob O. is Mary Ellen, daughter of James 
Buchanan, of Washington county, who married a Miss Rybum of 
Glade Spring. 



Now one of the farming residentn of WMshington connty, Virginia, hiB 
home near Abingdon, in a native of Tennessee, born in Green county, 
that State, Ortober 7, 1H27. His parents were Sevier and Mary Tad- 
lock, the former the son of l^ewis TadU)ck who came from England to 
Tucaho, Virginia, in colonial days, and the latter a daught4>r of John 
Blair of Wiishington county, Tennessee, the Blair family alsy of English 

The first wife of William C. Tadlock wa« bom in East Tennessee, July 
28, 1826, Emily S., daughter of Samuel Miller, of Washington county, 
Tennessee, who marrie<l Mary Hornbarger, of the same county. She 
becnme the wife of Mr. Tadlock at Jonesboro, Tennessee, April 11,1850, 
nnd depai't4»d this life on April 2, 18()4, having been the mother of seven 
cliildi'en. Of these two ai*e now deceased, Mary E. and Samuel A. The 
living children are: James W., Sevier N., Laura A., William A., John 
B. February 22, 186(5, Mr. Tadlock married ('atharine E., daughter of 
Henry and Catharine Suavely, of Smyth county, Virginia, and widow 
of Umberson Miller. 

Mr. Tadlock entei-ed the Confederate States army in August, 1862, in 
the 61st East Tennessee regiment. In June, 1863^ he was transferred 
to the 5th Ea-st Tennessee Cavalry. The following October he ^as made 
prisoner, but paroled in a short time, and discharged for disability m 
March, 18()4. He had two brothers in service, one an enrolling officer, 
the other in the Reserves. 


The subjei't of this sketch was bom in Smyth county, Virginia, in 
1860, and is now a resident of Washington county, engaged in farm- 
ing. He was married at Saltville, De<^ember 15, 1887, the Rev. Tyler 
Frazier joining him in wedlock with Corinna Bailey. The bride wa« 
born at Montrealla, Washington county, and is of the Bailey and 
White families, early seated in Washington county. Her father was 
'lunies A. Bailey, whose father came to Washington county from New 
York, his father coming to America from England. The mother of Mrs. 
Talbert was Harriet, daughter of Joseph White of Saltville. During 
the war between the States Mrs. Talbert had four brothers in the Con- 
federate Stat-es service, three of whom gave their life for the Lost Cause: 
William, died of sickness in service; Walter, killed in the Gettysburg 
campaign; Thomas, killed in Washington county, March 15, 1864. 
Oscar, the surviving brother, served through the war, and now resides 
in Dunklin county, Missouri. 



The subject o! this sketch is a native o! New York State, but has 
been many years a resident of Washington county, Virginia, owning 
and (cultivating a fine estate in the vicinity of Abingdon. He wan bom 
in Oneida county, New York, July 2, 1840, the son of Lorenzo Tanner, 
of that county, the family of S<?otch-Irish extraction. His mother was 
Melissa, daughter of William Dunbar, of Oneida county^ her mother a 
daughter of Baron Steuben, of New Y'ork. The wife of Mr. Tanner was 
bom in Oneida county, New York, August 8, 1844, Fidelia, daughter of 
Philander Munney, whose father was Joseph Munney, of Oneida county. 
Her mother was Louisa, daughter of Robert Burk, of Oneida county, 
who married Polly Carlisle, the latter, still living in Erie county. New 
York, now over ninety years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Tanner were married 
at Rome, New York, December 9, 1859, and have now ten children: 
Emma J., Louisa A., Robert B., Clara E., Frederick L., Jennie A., 
George P., Grace E., Pearl and Eula M. 


Was bom at Holstein Mills, Smyth county, Virginia, pn February 9, 
1840, a son of John Thomas and Elizabeth S. Thomas, nee Morgan. 
John Thomas, of Scotch descent, great grandfather of Vint. H., had two 
sons, Abijah and Thomas. The former married Martha McReynolds, of 
Irish descent, and was the father of John Thomas, who was bom and 
raised in Smyth county, Virginia, and removed to Tazewell county when 
Vint. H. was four years old ; lived at Burks Garden, and died on February 
29, 1864. The maternal great great grandfather of Vint. H. Thomas 
wa»s Haynes Morgan, who with an only sister was brought from Wales 
to America when both were children. Their parents died soon aft^r and 
their uncle raised them. Gen. Daniel Morgan of Revolutionary fame 
is believed to have been of this family. A son of this Haynes Morgan 
served in the French and Indian wars ; also in the Revolutionary war, 
where he received the title of colonel ; married Mary Thompson, sister 
of Col. Billy Thompson — the Thompsons a Virginia family. Haynes 
Morgan, son of Morgan and his wife Mary, was bom at Williams- 
burg, Virginia, in the time of the Revolution ; was raised in Pittsylvania 
county ; married a Miss Shelton, daughter of Vinton Shelton of Virginia, 
her mother a Robertson, who lived near Richmond, Virginia. Haynes 
Morgan moved to Roanoke county. North Carolina, in 1818, and raised 
his family there ; he wajs a successful farmer. His daughter, Elizabeth 
Shelton, mother of Vint. H. Thomais, was bom in 1811 ; is living now 
in Tazewell county, Virginia. 


At the coniTiiencement of the civil war, Vint. H. Thomas had six 
brothers and one sister. Four of these brothers : Haynes M., Abijah 
M., William M. and John L. went into the Confederate service in 1861, 
as did*Vint. H. and the sister's husband, (/apt. F. W. Kelly. The three 
oldest brothers in the order named died in service. The father and the 
sister died during the war. John L. was made prisoner and held in 
Fort Delaware until July after the suiTender. Samuel M., next to the 
youngest of these brothers, joined the army as soon as old enough, and 
was at the surrender at Appomattox C. H. The youngest, D. T., was 
not old enough to enter service when the war ended. Vint. H. waa first 
lieutenant Company C, 50th Virginia regiment. In 1863 he was forced 
to resign on tu'count of disability, and he was at home in Tazewell 
county, badly broken down, at the time of the surrender. He is now a 
farmer and stockraiser of Washington county, near Saltville. 


The Trigg family of Virginia are descendants of Abraham Trigg (who 
was the progenitor of the family in America), who emigrated from Corn- 
wall, England, very early in the 18th century — about 1710. Of his five 
sons Abram, the eldest, was colonel of a regiment in the Revolutionary 
army, and representative in Congress, 1797—1809. The second son, 
Stephen, went to Kentucky as a member of the court of land commis- 
sioners, in 1779. He, also, was colonel of a regiment, Revolutionai*y 
war, and was killed in the battle of Blue Licks, while bravely leading his 
men to a charge. His name is on the Frankfort, monument, and Trigg 
county, Kentucky, is named in his honor. John, third son of Abraham, 
was a major in the Revolutionary army, an officer of artillery, was 
present at the surrender of Comwallis, and represented Virginia in the 
5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Congresses of the United States. William, fourth 
son, from whom the Virginia branch of the family descended, was also 
a man of prominence and ability, as was the fifth son, Daniel. Tradi- 
tion tells us that the old generation of Triggs were "Cultivate<l people 
of renmrkably fine personal appearance, and endowed with social quali- 
ties far above the average.'' 

William, fourth son of Abraham, married Mary Johns, and their son 
Daniel, through whom this branch of the family continues, was bom 
August 14, 1749. His first wife was Anne Smith, born February 20, 
175.5, and the rei-ord of their children is: Guy Smith, married Fanny 
Jackson; John Johns, married Elsie King; Daniel; Mary, married 
WilliHUi King; Ann Smith; William, married Rachel Findlay; Stephen; 
Abram, man-ied Mai-y Mitchell; Elizabeth, married Calvin Morgan; 
James, nmrried Anne King; JosephaudRhoda, twins, Joseph marrying 
Elizabeth Findlay, Rhoda marrying Edward Campbell. 


William ) sixth o! these children, and fourth son, removed in early 
manhood from what is now known €ui Montgomery county, Virginia, t-o 
Abingdon, Washington county. His removal, and that of the other 
sons and daughters of Daniel Trigg and liis first wife, Anne Smith, was 
brought about by the mannage of the eldest daughter, Mary, t^ Will- 
iam King, proprietor of the Kiugs Salt Works, this sister having filled 
a mother's place to the younger children when they wer^» deprive<l of 
that parent. 

William married (1806) Rachel Findlay, a niece of Mr. King, and 
died August 4, 1813, leaving four sons; William King Trigg, Daniel 
Trigg, Connally Findlay Trigg, Lilbum Henderson Trigg. 

William King Trigg, the eldest of these sons, married Miss Susan 
Hickman of Kentucky. He removed to Missouri (near Lexington) in 
his early married life. His descendants, two sons, Frank Smith Trigg 
and William King Trigg, survive him ; his daughter intermarried with 
the LeSeur and Sheilds families; his eldest son Daniel, who was killed 
in the Confederate Army, also married a Miss Anna Sheilds and leaves 

Daniel, second son, born Septemlwr 7, 1808, studied medicine, wa« 
graduated from the University of Pennsylvania, and became a physi- 
cian of prominence. He married Anna Munford Thompkins, Mun*h 
14, 1838, the greatgranddaughter of Col. Wm. Byrd, of Westover 
(see Volume I, Virginia and Virginians), and daughter of Alexander 
Thompkins, of Lynchburg. Dr. Daniel Trigg departed this life Febi-u- 
ary 2, 1853, leaving five children, a« follows: Nannie Byrd, who mar- 
ried James C. Greenway, of Abingdon; William King Trigg, who 
entered the Confederate States Army, 11th Virginia regiment, and 
died in Richmond, Virginia, July 21 , 1862, of wounds re<^ived at bat- 
tle of Fraziers Farm, in the seven days fight before Richmond : 

" Brave as the bravest he marchGd away. 
Triumphant waved our fla>< — one day 
He fell in the front before it." 

Daniel Trigg, who married Louisa Bowen Johnston, daughter of Hon. 
J. W. Johnston; Connally Findlay Trigg, who marriiMi Pocahontas 
Robertson, daughter of Hon. Wyndham Robertson ; Thomas Preston 
Trigg, who married Bettie Wilson White, daughter of Wm. Y. C. White. 
Hon. Connally F. Trigg, third son of William Trigg, married Mary 
Trigg Campbell, daughter of Edward Campbell of Halls Bottom. (See 
vol. 1, of Virginia and Virginians.) He removed to Tennessee, was, 
until his death and for many years previous, a prominent and respected 
Judge of United States District Court, an able and impartial jurist, be- 
loved by all who knew him. He died in 1879 ; his descendants reside in 


Ijilbum Henderson Trigg, the fourth 8on of William, married Barbara 
Colquohoun. He was a lawyer, graduate of the University of Virginia. 
He died in 1854. Two children survive him, Mrs. E. D. L. Myers, of 
Richmond, and William Robertson Trigg, of Richmond. 



Was the eighth child of Daniel Trigg, and his fii*st wife Anne Smith, the 
record of the family found in the pages immediately preceding this. He 
was born October 12, 1788, and his first wife wa»s Margaret Findlay, 
their children Guy F., Elizabeth F. and Mary Anne. He married second- 
ly' Mary Mitchell, June IH, lfil8, and their children were: Joseph E. C, 
now living, married Rachel Branch, who died July 22, 1888; John I). M., 
who died aged thirty-six years ; Frances S., living; Rac^helL., died aged 
forty-three years; Sallie M., living; Windham R., living, manned Nan- 
nie Hui-st; Abram By rd, jr., married Sue P. White; Anna D., living; 
Thomas K., living: marrietl M. E. Jackson ; James, diet! aged sixteen 
years. Of these the four surviving sons were all in the Confederate ser- 
vice, two receiving wounds, both belonging to the old original "Stone- 
wall*' Division, surrendered at Appomattox. 

Abram Byrd, jr., lost his life by remaining in the city of Greenville, 
Mississippi, (of which he wa« the honoi*ed and beloved mayor), during 
the fatal yellow fever epidemic of 1878. Though enti'eate*! to leave the 
city, he remained to die for what he believed to be his duty to the home 
of his adoption and to the unfortunate citizens whom it was in his 
power thus to serve. He left one child, Mary Byrd. 

Hon. Wyndham R. Trigg is Chancellor of the 4th District of Missis- 
sippi, an able and prominent lawyer and popular judge. His children 
are: Ellen G., Sue, Pelham, Bynl C, Mary Hurst and Thomas K. 

The ('hildren of Joseph E. C. Trigg were three: Lilburn, married Sallie 
Thompson, died July 24, 1888, leaving four children; P. Branch, died 
November 12, 1881; and Abram Byrd, living. 


Born in Abingdon, March 12, 1843, is a son of Daniel Trigg, son of 
William, son of Daniel (born August 14, 1749), son of William, son of 
Abraham, who came about 1710 from Cornwall, England, to the colony 
of Virginia, settling in Be<Jford county. His mother was Anna Munford 
Tompkins, daughter of Alexander Tompkins, whose wife was Elizal)eth, 
daughter of Otway Byrd. Further record of the progenitors of the 
Trigg family has already been given. The wife of Hon. Daniel Trigg, 
whom he married at Abingdon, January 9, 1872, is Louisa Bowen 


Johnston, bom in Tazewell county, Virginia, January 17,1846. Their 
children are : Nannie Greenway, John W. Johnnton, Daniel. Miriam 
Hartford, Evelyn Byrd, George Benjamin and Anna Munlord, all living 
at home; and two deceased : Nicketti Floyd and Louisa Smith. 

Mrs. Trigg is descended from families honorably identified with the 
annals of Virginia. Her father is John Warfield Johnston, ex. Sena- 
tor rnite<l States from Virginia, son of Dr. John Warfield Johnston, 
who was a son of Judge Peter Johnston. Her mother was Nicketti 
Hoyd, daughter of Gov. John Floyd, of Virginia. 

The Hon. Daniel Trigg was acting midsliipman, U. S. Naval Academy, 
from 185H to 1861. He resigned upon the secession of Virginia, and 
entered the Virginia Provisional Navy, from which he was transferred 
to the Ccmfederate Sttites Navy. In this he gave continuous and honor- 
able service, receiving rank of lieutenant, until captured in April, 1865. 
He was held first in the Old Capitol Prison, at Washington, then at 
Johnsons Island, Lake Erie, whence he was released after the close of 
the war. Soon after he went txi Chili, then at war with Spain, in the 
service of that country, and was offere<l, but declined, a commission in 
the Chilian Navy. Was present at the bombardment of Calao by the 
Spanish fleet in the spring of 1866. He was a member of the Vir- 
ginia Legislature, sessions of 1888-4, and in 1880 was a member of 
the National Democratic Convention nominating General Hancock. He 
is now engaged in practice, as attoniey-tit-law, in Abingdon. 


Is a son of (leorge W. Ward, who was bom in Culpeper county, Vir- 
ginia, and is living now at Winchester, Virginia. His mother, born in 
Clarke county, Virginia, was Julia A., daughter of Oliver Funsten and 
Margaret, his wife, who were natives of Ireland. She died in Winches- 
ter, in January, 1884. Judge Ward was born near Winchester, July 
31, 1847. He wjis a cadet of the Virginia Military Institute, 1864-5, 
and took part in the battle of New Market, then was in the Confederate 
Service to close of war. 

He is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute and of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. After leaving the latter, he studied law at the 
Winchester Law School (formerly Judge Tucker's), and practiced law 
in Winchester, Virginia, and Springfield, Missouri. In 1874 moved to 
Abingdon, Virginia, and there entered upon practice of law and as edi- 
tor of the Abingdon Virginian; afterwards started the South Weat Ex- 
n miner. In the canvass of 1883-4, was elected with Capt. Page Mc- 
Carthy by Executive Committee of the Democratic party of Virginia, 
editor of its Campaign organ, 21w Democratic Campaign, published at 


Lynchburg, Virginia. He was twice appointed a visitor o! the Virginia 
Military Institute. In 1880 he was elected county judge of Washington 
county, but resigned in 1881. He was commonwealth's attorney of 
the county, 1884-7, and in April, 1887, he resigned having been re- 
elected to the office he is still filling, judge of the county. 

He was married at Knoxville, Tennessee, by Rev. Thomas W. Humes, 
1). D., President of University of Tennessee, Dei^ember 10, 1878, and 
his wife is L. A. C. Preston, born in New York City. They have two 
children : George and Rosalie Gamett. Mrs. Ward is the daughter of 
Walter Preston, who married A. Gamett Peyton, and died in 1867. 
Her mother, who was the daughter of WiUiam M. Peyton, of Roanoke, 
Virginia, is now living in New York City. 


Was born at Woodland, Albemarle county, Virginia, on June 28, 1881, 
now a resident of Saltville, engaged in business there as book-keeper. At 
Lynchburg, Virginia, Rev. John L. Pritchard officiating clergyman, he 
married, December 21, 1855, CustineCary Nelson, who was born at "Glen 
(>ary," Campbell county, Virginia, September 24, 1830. The record of 
the children of their union is : Edgar Gary, born October 4, 1856, re- 
sides now at Birmingham, Alabama; Mary Page, bom March 26,1858, 
lives at Saltville; John Lawrence, born January 10, 1861, lives now at 
Staunton ; Charles Waller, bom December 22, 1862, died October 16, 
1868; Walter, bom November 7, 1864, died November 1, 1865. 

The genealogy of the families of Mr. and Mrs. Wingfield show them to 
be the descendant-s of families of renown, the names of Wingfield, Nich- 
olas, Cary, and Nelson eminent in the annals of Virginia. Charles 
Wingfield, father of John W., was born in Hanover county, Virginia, and 
died in 1864, at Woodland, Albemarle county. He was a son of Thomas 
Wingfield, who was born in Hanover county, and died there, and Ann 
Wingfield, iiee Davis, liorn in Hanover county, in 1754, died in that 
county in 1831. The mother of John M. was Cary Ann Nicholas, bora 
at *' Alta Vista,*' Albemarle county, Virginia, died in 1835 at Wood- 
land. She was a daughter of Valentine Nicholas, who was born in Albe- 
marle county, and died at** Oakland, ''that county, in 1834. Her mother 
was a Miss Harris,] bom in Albemarle county in 1756, died at "Alta 
Vist*i," that county, in 1820. 

The maternal grandfather of Mr. Wingfield, Valentine Nicholas, was a 
brother of Wilson Cary Nicholas, governor of Virginia, 1815-6 (see Vol- 
ume I, of this work). Valentine Nicholas was one of the wealthiest 
proprietors in Albemarle county at one time, his estate valued at fl,- 
500,000, and liis home, *< Alta Vista," a palatial residence. He unfor- 


tunat^^ly endorsed, to an nnlirnite<l extent, for a younger brother, who 
was n reckless speculator in Kentucky, and the endorsements culmi- 
nat«<l in his financial ruin, his mni^nificent estate and all his earthly pos- 
sessions being sold at vendue, even down to his gold snuff-box, pre- 
sented to him by an Kiiglish friend. This sudden and complete niin 
wrecked the mind of his young wife, who died a manias*. Being yet in 
the prime of life, of iron constitution, possessed of his integrity and a 
man of ability, he rallied from this disast-er, and accumulated a band- 
some estate, and at his death left his childi'en in comfoi-table ciri-um- 

The wife of John M. Wingfield is a daughter of Peter C Nelson, born 
in Hanover county, February 2, 1794, died in that county in 1852. He 
wjis a son of Pet*»r Nelson, who was born and died in Hanover county, 
and who was nn Episcopalian clergyman in early life, later a Baptist 
minister. The wife of Peter Nelson was Ann Lawrence, born and die<l 
in Hanover county. Mrs. Wingfield's mother was Sallie C'ary, born in 
Norfolk county, Virginia, Noveml>er G, 1806, died in Lynchburg, 
November 11, 1848. Sally l-ary was a daughter of Miles Cary, born in 
Norfolk county, March 8, 1773, died in Lynchburg in 1850. His wife 
was Elizal>eth King, bom in Norfolk county in 1778, dieilinLynchbui-g 
in 1855. Captain Miles Cary, maternal grandfather of Mrs. Wingfield, 
was the eldest descendant of the Cary who came with two brothers to 
the colony of Virginia from England. He had at his death the "Court 
of Arms,'' of England, which is still in the possession of his descendants. 
It is said there are nmny millions of dollars in the vaults of the Bank of 
England belonging to the Cary family. 

The earliest seated in Virginia of the Wingfield family was Edward M. 
Wingfield, first President of the Council of Virginia (see pp. 8 and 14, of 
Volume I). Of many other illustrious names connected with this family, 
or of it, may be mentioned J. Richard Wingfield, cousin to John W., 
former senator to the Virginia legislature, now consul to Costa Rica. 
I'esidence at San Jose. Judge Gust^vus Wingfield, of the circuit court of 
FrankHn county ; Bishop Wingfield, of the Episcopal church, Virginia; 
and Henry Clay, the orator and statesman of Kentuciky. Of the same 
family as the last-named was Henry Oay, of **The Slashes,'' Hanover 
county, who was first cousin to Mr. Wingfield's father. 

The so-called '* Winfield " Scott, general U. S. A., was a Wingfield by 
maternal descent. From some foolish freak or foolish pride he peti- 
tioned the Legislature to permit him to drop the'^g" from the name 
his mother had given him, she being a Miss Wingfield, which ivijuent 
was granted, he thus becoming ** Winfield" Scott. 


M. L. withers: m. d. 

Dr. Withers was bom in Washington county, Virginia on January 
80, 1850. He was educated at the University of Virginia, and took 
his diploma in medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons at 
Baltimore, Maryland, since whirh time he has been settled in practice 
in his native county, in and around Walhice Switch. He marrieil hew, 
November 20, 18 78, Annie S. Teeter, who was born at Mountain Field, 
Washington county. They have two children: Mary Brandon an(l 
Edwin Teeter. 

Dr. Wither's father was M. W. Withers, Esq., who was connected with 
Salmon Miles of Philadelphia, in the interest of the works of Martin 
Luther. His mother was Mary A., daughter of John Bayliss, of Wash- 
ington county, Tennessee, and his mother's mother was Mary Hawkins, 
of Hawkins county, Tennessee. In the late war three half-brothers of 
Dr. Withers were in the Southern army : Salmon Withers, in a Virginia 
regiment; James J. Williams, first lieut-enant imder Gen. Mosby, cap- 
tured on the Gettysburg campaign, and exchanged; and Thomas J. 
Williams, serving in the Stonewall brigade, captured on Gettysburg 
campaign, exchanged, serving for a time with Gen. John Morgan, then 
with Gen. Joe Johnston until his surrender. 

Mrs. Withers is a daughter of Dr. Edwin C. Teeters, who was a grad- 
uate of Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, served as surgeon in 
the lat4^ war, and whose father was Jacob Teeter of Mt. Prospect, Vir- 
ginia. Her mother was Frances, daughter of Rev. J. Houston Wallace, 
of Virginia and Tennessee, and whose mother was Esther Houston, 
youngest child of John Houston who (•ame to this country at the age 
of nine years with his father from Ireland, in 1 785. Of the same family 
is Rev. Samuel Houston of Virginia, and Gen. Sam. Houston, of Texas. 
The Speeces, I^t^hers and Earlys are also conne(*ted with this family. 


Michael Wilson Withers, father of Salmon M., was born in Gaston 
county, North C'arolina, in 1812, married in Washington county, Vir- 
ginia, in February, 1842, Ann Catherine Teeter (born 1817, died 
1845), and died in this county, May 11, 18(58. Salmon M. was born 
in Wiishington county, January 30, 1843. Near Lexington, Rock- 
bridge county, Virginia, October 15, 1878, he married LiUiixs Payne 
Smitli, who wjis born at l^eesburg, Virginia, September 17, 1850. 
The children of this union were born: Nannie Payne, Septeml)er 19, 
1879; Robert Spotswood, July 18, 1881; Fannie Teeter, January 
29, 1883; Henry Wilson, September 10, 1884; Alfreil Miles, October 


24, 1886. Rev. Henry R. Hmith, father of Mrs. Withers, was bom in 
r>tsego county, New York, and married Nannie B. Payne, near Lynch- 
burg, Virginia, May 8d, 1849. 

Mr. Withers is treasurer of Washinirton county, to which office he 
was electe<l in May, 18M7. His <>c«-upation is farming; his renidence, 


I>r. Young was bom on his father's estate, at Mouth of Wilson, 
Grayson county, Virginia, on Mtiy 4, 1H55. He is a son of Col. Wiley 
(i. Young, and a grandson of William Young, whose father was Tim- 
othy Young, a pioneer settler of Grayson county, coming from East- 
ern Virginia. His mother is Elizal>eth, daughter of Shmlra^'h Greer, 
of Grayson county, whose father, Moses Greer, came to that county 
from Pittsylvania county. The father of Dr. Young was lieutenant- 
colonel of Virginia militia before the war, and in the Confederate serv- 
ice, 1H62-5, in the 8th Virginia Cavalry. Sha<lra4^h, elder brother of 
Dr. Young, in service in the 53d Virginia regiment, died on Floyd's 
retreat from Kanawha Falls. An uncle, Jonathan B. Young, 8th 
Virginia Cavalry, was killed in Carter county, Tennessee, in 1864, 
and most of the male relatives of Dr. Young, of military age, were 
in service. 

The wife of Dr. Young is Florence Beattie, daughter of Josiah B. 
Cole. She was bom on the Cole homestead, in Washington county, 
and they were married there, June 5, 1884. The issue of the union 
is three children : Neil, Agnes Josephine, and Fannie. Mrs. Young's 
father was killed in the service of the South, in the late war, battle 
of Morristown, Tennessee. He was a son of James Cole, of Smyth 
county, the purchaser of the St. Clair Bottoms. Her mother is Sally, 
daughter of Joseph Brown of Smyth county, whose father came from 

After the usual pi'eliminary education. Dr. Young entered tlie Uni- 
versity of Virginia, and completed his medical studies in the Uni- 
versity of New York. He has now an extensive practice in and around 
Loves Mills. 




Was bom in Richmond, Virginia, February 19, 1843, and was educated 
in that city. From 1859 to 1861 he clerked with Ludlam & Watson 
and Shields & Sommerville. From 1861 to 1865 was in the Confederate 
States army, private for two years, orderly sergeant the remaining two 
years; was captured April 6, 1865, and sent to Point Lookout, and 
held there until June 22, 1865. The next day he returned to Richmond, 
and tliere he went into the insurance office of Thomas M. Alfriend & 
Son as a clerk, the firm consisting of his father and elder brother (E. M. 
Alfriend). In June, 1866, he liecame a meml>er of this firm, and so re- 
mained until, in October, 1879, he started his present business of in- 
surance agent in his own name. 

Thomas M. Alfriend, father of Thomas I^ee, was born in Petersburg, 
Virginia, November 10, 1811, and died in Richmond, I)eceml)er 11, 
1885. He was a son of Colin Alfriend, of Petersburg. The mother of 
Thomas I^ee was Mary Jane Eger, bom in County Althone, Ireland, 
died November 8, 1852, in Richmond. 

In Richmond, July 2, 1868, Thomas Lee Alfriend marrietl Eliza 
Sanger Manson, who was born in Granville county, North Carolina. 
They have four children: Mary B., Otis M., Sallie S. and Anna Lee, 
and have buried one son, Thomas Manson, died Jul^' 28, 1870, age<l 
eleven months. Mr. and Mrs. Alfriend and their oldest child are mem- 
bers of All Saints (Episcopal) Church, Richmond. 


The subject of this sketch was born in Birmingham, England, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1842. He attended parochial school in Birmingham in child- 
hood, but at the age of ten years went into the printing business. He 
served five years as a compositor, attending night school. From fifteen 
to nineteen years of age he traveled in the printing and wholesale paper 
business. In 1803 he came to America, and at Detroit enlisted in Com- 
pany M, 7th Michigan Cavalry, Federal army, as private. During most 
of his service he was on special detail, as clerk on courtmartial, or at 
(leneral Merritt*s headquarters. He was wounded at Shepherdstown, 
August 24, 1864, but served till the close of the war. 

Making his home in Virginia, he studied law in Prince Edward county, 
and was admitted to the Bar in December, 1867, beginning practice in 


Prince Edward and adjoining eountiee. He was a member of the Con- 
Htitutional Convention of 1867-H,from Prinre Edward and Appomattox 
countiee; was eleeteil Commonwealth Attorney for Princ*e Edward in 
1870, and continuously up to 1882, when he resigne<l on removing to 
Richmond; was State senator from Prince Edward, Cumberiand and 
Amelia counties, 1873-77; wasdelegate-at-largeto Republican National 
Convention at Chicago in 1808, and voted for General Grant; was 
Presidential Elect or-at^- Large in 1876. Since 1869 General Allan has 
l>een connected with the Grand Army of the Republic; in 1885-6 was 
commander of Phil. Kearney Post of Richmond; in 1886, at San Fran- 
ciw^o, was elected National Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief and presideil 
as ('ommander-in-('hief at the Centennial celebration of the adoption 
of the American Constitution, in Philadelphia, in 1887. Sin^^e 1882 he 
has been doing a large pra^-tice in theCity of Rirhmond. Heisan active 
memlwr of the (irace Street Baptist Church. 

In Prince Edward county, Virginia, February 6, 1867, General Allan 
married Mary Edna Land. The children of the union are four: Edith 
Edna, married F. H. ('rump of Richmond, Virginia, now resides in 
Washington, 1). (-.; Lola Land, Lottie Lillian, and Edgar, jr. Mrs. 
Allan was born in (^asey county, Kentmky, tlie daughter of William 
and Elizal)eth (Morton) Land. Her parents were born in Buckingham 
county, Virginia, and both dieil in Kentucky in 1852. 


The subject of this sketch wa« bom in Richmond, on August 12, 1848. 
His father, son of John and Elenor Anderson, was bom in Baltimore, 
in 1823, and ha« lived in Richmond since his fifteenth year. His mother 
was born in Baltimore, daughter of John and Eleanor Home, grand- 
daughter of Lydia Jordan Jefferies and Col. Joseph Jefferies, of Lancas- 
ter, Pennsylvania, who served through the war for Amerfcan Independ- 
ence : great granddaughter of Richard Jefferies, who was one of three 
brothers who left England to settle in the New World in the latter part 
of the 17th century, and settleil in Pennsylvania., the other two coming 
to live in Virginia. 

Charles J. Anderson, entered the Virginia Military Institute in March, 
1864; served with the battalion of cadets in May, under Gen. John C. 
Breckenridge, in the battle of New Market, and with the corps of cadets 
and local defence troops till the evacuation of Richmond. He returned 
to the Institute in 1866, graduating in 1869; since 1870 has been in 
business in Richmond ; in 1878 was a State commissioner to the Uni- 
versal Exposition in Vienna. 

In 1871 he raised a company for the First Regiment, Virginia Volun- 
teers, and has served the regiment as an officer in all grades, from first 


lieutenant to colonel, resigning the latter to take command of the First 
Brigade, to which he was elected to succeed General Fitzhugh Lee. 

General Anderson is a member of various Masonic bodies, among 
others being a Knight Templar and a member of the Ancient and Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite. 


Attorney-General of the State of Virginia, was bom in Bedford county, 
Virginia, May 20, 1849. He was eflucated in the Goodson Academy, 
Bristol, Virginia, until the age of twelve, when the war began, and the 
school was closed. Although under age, he ran away from home and en- 
tered the army, and renmined for some months in the scouting service 
in East Tennessee. After the war he engaged for a time in agricultural 
pursuits, and in merchandising in Eastern Kentucky, beginning busi- 
ness at Estillville, Virginia, at the age of nineteen. He studied law in 
the office of H. S. Kane, Esq., Estillville, and was admitted to the Bar 
in June, 1872, practicing in Southwest Virginia up to his election as 
Attorney-General, at the November election, 1885. 

In May, 1875, he was elected commonwealth attorney for Scott 
county, serving from July 1, 1875 to July 1, 1879; was reading clerk 
of the House of Delegates, sessions of 1875-6, 1876-7, 1877-8, and 
1878-9; was appointed by President Hayes supervisor of census for the 
5th district of Virginia, in 1880, under the act which required such ap- 
pointments to be made without reference to polities, Dr. R. G. Cabell 
being appointed at the same time. General Ayers has been very active 
in furthering the building of the South Atlantic and Ohio railroad, and 
other kindred business enterprises in Southwest Virginia. During his 
term as Attorney-General, he was imprisoned for contempt, in refusing 
to respect an injunction granted by Judge Bond, of the Circuit Court of 
the United States, and was discharged by the Supreme Court of the 
United States on writ of habeas corpus, the trial of which excited the 
attention of citizens in every State in the Union, because of its bearing 
upon the rights of the State, and is reported in the 123d United States 
Supreme Court reports. The General Assembly adopted a joint resolu- 
tion directing the Governor to transmit to General Ayers the thanks of 
the people of Virginia for going to jail in defense of the State. 

M. J. Ayers, father of General Ayers, bom in Bedford county, 
died May 10, 1857, aged forty-two years, was a son of Elijah Ayers, of 
Bedford county, who was a son of John Ayers. Mrs. Susan L. Ayers, 
the General's mother, W£ts a Wingfteld of Bedford county; she is now liv- 
ing in Bristol, Tennessee, aged seventy-four years. The wife of General 
Ayers, bom in Scott county, Virginia, to whom he was married in Estill- 
ville, June 8, 1870, is Victoria L., daughter of Henry A. Morrison. Her 


mother, whose maiden name was Kane, died in 1866. Her father, living 
now in Estill ville, wa« bom in Sullivan county, Tennessee, a son of 
George Morrison, of that county, who was a son of Peter Morrison, 
who was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and took part in the battle 
of Kings Mountain. (Jeneral and Mrs. Ayers have three cliildren, Kate 
L., and Harry J. and James B, and have buried two: Maggie L., died 
July 14, 1887, aged twelve years; Rufus W. J., died in 1883, aged five 
months. (Jeneral Ayers iH a Ma«on. 


Born in the city of Richmond, March 3, 1829, was educate<] in that 
city. In 1852 he was appointed clerk to (.'apt. Thomas Crabbe of the 
U. S. war steamer San Jacinto, and sailed in her on her first trip to the 
Mediterranean ; was afterwtirds clerk to (^ommodore Morgan of the I'. 
S. war flag-ship Independence, and returned on her from Gibralter. In 
1855 he wtis elected clerk of the committees of finance and of claims, 
of the House of Delegates, and continued in that sei^iee until 1865. 
In 1860 was appointed b^' Governor Wise special messenger to obtain 
election returns from (iilmer county; wjis secretary of the Southern 
Rights Association prior to the war; was elected clerk of the audit- 
ing board of Virginia, which Board audited and settled all war ex- 
penses of Virginia prior to her joining the Confederacy ; was commis- 
sioned lieutenant in the Letcher Battery, but, owing to physical dis- 
ability, was unable for field service. In 1865, on Dei'ember 4th, he was 
ele<-ted clerk of the House of Delegates, and served until 1879, with 
two interruptions caused by his being twice removed by military au- 
thoritins. In December, 1883, was again elected to this office, and is 
the present incumbent, clerk of the House of Delegates and keeper of 
the Rolls of Virginia. 

Mr. Bigger also served as secretary of the Virginia Electoral college 
in 1880, and again in 1884, and was the messenger to carry the vote 
for Hancock and English and Cleveland and Hendricks respectively to 

Thomas B. Bigger, his father, was born in Prince Edward county, 
Virginia, February 22, 1795. In 1812 he enlisted in Capt. Richard Mc- 
Rae's company, known as the " Petersburg Volunteers." This company 
marched from Richmond city to Detroit, Michigan, and wa« at the 
siege of Fort Meigs, where Private Bigger was cut off from his com- 
mand by Indians, and escaped with his life with great difficulty. He 
declined promotion, but shared all the fortunes of the company, which 
Gen. \Vm. Henry Harrison specially commended in general orders, for 
*' their conduct on the field and example in the camp.'' Thomas B. 


Bigger was later captain of the "Richmond Light Infantry Blues," and 
afterwards colonel of a military organization. In 1844 he was ap- 
pointed postmaster of the city of Richmond by President Polk, and 
continued in that office more than eighteen years. In 1863 he was 
elected and served as a member of the House of Delegates from Rich- 
mond city. After the war, until 1880, he was clerk in the office of the 
Auditor of Public Accounts. He died on May 5, 1880. His wife, 
mother of J. Bell, was Elizabeth Meredith Russell, bom in New Kent 
county, Virginia, in 1807, died in Richmond in 1875. 

In Essex county, Virginia, August 16, 1853, J. Bell Bigger married 
Annie B. Muse, who was born in that county. Her parents were bom 
in Westmoreland county, Virginia, Samuel Muse and Elizabeth Y. 
(Banks) Muse; her father served in the war of 1812 with rank of major. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Bigger number twelve, born in the order 
named: Lizzie M. (deceased); Lucy A., Peggie S., Carrie R., Thos. H., 
John B. and Mary A., twins, Elvira M. (deceased), Samuel W., Hunter 
McGuire, Sallie M. 


The subject of this sketch was born at Boiling Island, Goochland 
county, Virginia, on May 4, 1852. He was educated at Taylors Creek 
Academy, Hanover county, Virginia, by Prof. Charles Morris, M. A., 
and at the University of Virginia. At the age of seventeen, he went into 
mining engineering, and in 1871 was engaged as a civil engineer on the 
Chesapeake & Ohio R. R., remaining with this road until 1873, em- 
ployed most of the time as an assistant engineer in the construction of 
the Church Hill tunnel, Richmond. In February, 1873, he was ap- 
pointed assistant engineer to the city engineer of Richmond, and in that 
position he remained until, in July, 1885, he was elected to the office 
he is now filling, superintendent of the Richmond city water works. 

In December, 1877, Mr. Boiling married Imogen Warwick of Rich- 
mond. He is a son of Thomas Boiling, who was bom at Boiling Hall, 
Goochland county, February 5, 1807, living now in Richmond. Thomas 
Boiling was son of William Boiling, of Boiling Hall and Mary Randolph 
of Curls Neck, Virginia. Wm. Boiling was son of Thomas Boiling and 
Bettie Gay of Cobbs, Virginia. 


The first Bosher of whom anything is known was Leonard Bosher, a 
Baptist minister of London, England, who wrote the first treatise on 
** Liberty of Conscience," in 1614. Very little is known of him beyond 
what is in his treatise. The first Bosher of whom anything is known 


by the present generation was Charles Bosher, who came to this country 
from England as a teacher in the old Wormley family, between 1730 
and 1740, and settled in King William county, Virginia. He married 
a Miss Edwards, from whom descended Charles Bosher, who left six 
children, viz.: William, who left no children; Lemuel, left John C; 
Thomas, left children; Frances, married a Mr. Abrams; Mary, married 
a Mr. Walker; and Gideon. 

Gideon was the pioneer of the stage lines through Virginia and the 
Carolinas. His first wife was a Miss Hannah Whitlock, and by her 
eight children were born, viz.: (1) John, married a Miss Bridges; was 
a builder, and was contractor for the old City Hall, Bosher's Dam (up 
on James river), the old Shockoe Warehouse, and other public build- 
ings, and was also prominent in the city government. His wife was 
burned in the old theatre in iHll, the site of the present Monumental 
Episcopal church; he left one daughter, who married Ellis BrowTi. (2) 
Frances Ann, married William Wingo. (3) Charles, carriage manu- 
fa<;turer (1806), left no children. (4) Thomas, one daughter, Eliza D., 
who marrie<i George W. Pemberton. (5) Gideon, jr., one daughter who 
married Wm. Burke. (6) George, married Miss Ellett. (7) William, 
builder, whose work is still a monument to him in some of the oldest 
houses in Richmond ; married Gabriella Lipscombe, of King W^illiam 
county, Virginia ; left children, eight, namely: i. William P., a builder; 
ii. Martha A., married W. W. Dabney ; iii. Mary J., married Charles H. 
Smoot; iv. Margaret R., not married; v. George L., married Miss Harde- 
wicke, of Georgia; vi. Ella H., married John D. Scott, of Caroline 
county, Virginia ; vii. Charles M., married Mary H. Bosher; viii. Thomas 
J., married Fannie A. Jones. (8) James,married Ann H.Hopkins, of New 
Kent county, Virginia; succeeded Charles Bo8herin1814 inthecarriage 
business now carried on by R. H. Bosher 's Sons, and was also founder 
of the Richmond Fire Association, and its president; also director in 
the Rii'hmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac R. R. Co.; his children were: 
i. John H., married (1) Emil}^ E. Dill; (2) Mary A. Ball. ii. Georgiana 
H., married George H. Tompkins; iii. Ann Abigail, married Lewis D. 
Crenshaw; iv. James G., married Mary B. Dabney ; v. Charles H., mar- 
ried Mary C. Ingi*ara; vi. Hannah W., married John Petty of Norfolk, 
Virginia; vii. Mary F., marrieti Daniel Ratcliffe. 

Gideon Bosher married the second time a Mrs. Fox, who was a Miss 
Drewry of King William county; homestead was Brand.>'wine. Widow 
Fox had four children by her first husband, Drewry, Mary, Sarah Ann 
and John Fox. The result of the union of Gideon Bosher with Widow 
Fox was five children : Robert H.; Sophia, who married Wm. H. Davis, 
of Richmond, Virginia; Elizabeth, married CorneHus Dabney, of New 
Kent county, Virginia; Isabella, died in infancy; Emily, bom after 


her father's death, married Dr. Cbas. H. Judson of Greenville, South 

Robert H. Bosher, only son of the second marriage of Gideon Bosher, 
married Elizabeth B., daughter of Johnson C. and Pat«y Lipscombe 
Eubank, and by this union were eight children, viz.: James, died in 
infancy; Robert S., married MattieCox of Richmond; Edw. J., married 
Laura M. Starke of Richmond; Lucy H., married Chas. F. Janney of 
Columbia, South Carolina; Sophie J., not married; Wm. J., not mar- 
ried; Charles G., married Kate L. Langley of Norfolk, Virginia; Dr. 
Lewis C.,not married. 

R. H. Bosher moved to Richmond from King William county in 1830, 
and served an apprenticeship in the carriage factory of his half-brother, 
James Bosher. In 1843 he became a partner in the business. In 1852 
he assumed entire control of it, his brother retiring, and he carried on 
the business successfully until his death, on November 21, 1885. He 
was prominent in the business community, a consistent member of the 
First Baptist church, and deax^on in the same for many years; for more 
than twenty years superintendent of the Sabbath-school. After his 
death his sons, Edw. J. and Charles G. Bosher succeeded to the busi- 
ness under the firm name of R. H. Bosher's Sons. This is the oldest 
business of the kind in the Southern States, having been established 
in 1814. 

Edw. J. Bosher was educated in Richmond, and left school to ent^r 
the Confederate States armv in the Richmond Howitzers, with which he 
served until the surrender at Appomattox. Returning to Richmond he 
went into his father's establishment. At Richmond, December 24, 1868, 
he nmrried Laura M., daughter of Thomas J. and Sarah Hutchinson 
Starke. The}*^ have two children, J. S. and E. W. Bosher. 

Charles G. Bosher, was born in Richmond, July 5, 1857, was educated 
at the Richmond High School, and went into his father's establishment 
in 1873. On October 12, 1887, he married Kate L., daughter of 
Charles H. and Portia Deming Langley, of Norfolk, Virginia. 


Was born in the city of Richmond, February 17, 1860. He attended 
Richmond College, and graduated from the Medical College of Virginia 
in 1883. He at once commenced practice, in which he has continued to 
dati?, in Richmond. Since August, 1888, he has been Professor of Anat- 
omy, Medical College of Virginia; has been deputy coroner of Richmond 
for the la«t two years ; and is surgeon, with rank of major, staff of 1st 
Artillery Battalion, Virginia Troops. His parents were Robert H. and 
Elizabeth B. Bosher, the family record given in the sketch preceding this. 



President of the Vulcan Iron Company of Richmond, Virginia, was 
born in Albemarle county, Virginia, on July 23, 1849. He is a son of 
Charles and Sally Bruce, now living in Charlotte county, Virginia. His 
father was bom in Halifax county, this State, the son of James Bruce ; 
his mother is a daughter of Thomas Seddon of Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia. His wife is Mary A., daughter of Gen. Joseph B. Anderson, of 
Richmond, in which city she was bom. Her father is a Virginian, by 
birth and descent, born in Botetourt county. Her mother, whose 
maiden name was S. E. Archer, died in 1881. Mr. and Mrs. Bruce were 
married in Richmond, on April 7, 1875, and have five children, born in 
the order named : Sallie A., Charles, jr., Joseph R. A., Seddon, Kath- 
leen A. 

Until Mr. Bruce was sixteen years of age, he was educated at his 
home in Charlotte county. At that age he attendefl school at Green- 
wood, Albemarle county, then the University of Virginia, completing 
his studies abroad, at the University of Berlin, Prussia. He came to 
Richmond in 1873, and engaged in the wholesale grocery business. In 
1878 he went into the iron business in the works of which he is now 
president. Philip Alexander Bruce, his brother, has been associated 
with him for two years, and is secretary and treasurer of the company. 


John Lee Buchanan was born in Smyth county, Virginia, June 19, 
1831, the son of Patrick C. Buchanan and his wife Margaret A., nee 
Graham. Patrick C. Buchanan, bora in Smyth county in October, 1 799, 
died April, 1872, was a son of John Buchanan, of Scotch descent. His 
widow survives him, living still in Smyth county. She was bom in 
Wythe county, Virginia, in March, 1808. the daughter of Samuel and 
Rachel (Graham) Graham. 

John Lee Buchanan was educated at Emory and Henry College, 
graduating in 1856. Until 1878 he was one of the faculty of that col- 
lege, except for the years of the war when he served the Confederate 
States in the mining department. In 1878-9 he was professor of Latin 
at the Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; in 1879 was elected 
president of Emory and Henry College, and afterward of the Virginia 
Agricultural and Mechanical College in 1880. Subsequently he was 
joint principal of the Martha Washington College, Virginia, until De- 
cember, 1886, at which date he was elected to his present position, Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, for the term of four years. Heisamem- 
l>er of the M. E. Church (South), and of the Masonic fraternity. 


In Washington county, Virginia, August 4, 1859, Dr. Buchanan 
married Frances E. Wiley, born in that county. Their children were born 
in the order named : Lillian W., died in October, 1863 ; Willie P.; Mag- 
gie L., married Charles M. Yeates, of the U. S. geological survey; 
Lizzie H., Horace Graham, Raymond W., John Lee, jr., Graeme P., Frank 
p]. Mrs. Buchanan is a daughter of Dr. E. E. Wiley, who was bom in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, in October, 1814, and has been a citizen of Wash- 
ington county, Virginia, for the past fifty years, during the larger part 
of this period connect>ed with Emory and Henry College as professor 
and president, and still connected with that institution. He was a son 
of Rev. Ephraim Wiley, of the Methodist church. Her mother, now de- 
ceased, was Elizabeth Hammond, bom in Middletown, Connei^ticut, in 


The subject of this sketch was born at Madison, North Carolina, on 
August 1, 1846. He was educated in Rockingham county, that State, 
beginning at Madison Academy, then in the Beulah Male Institute, 
which he quitted to enter the Army of the Confederacy, as a member of 
the North Carolina Junior Reserves. This was in March, 1864, and in 
May following he took a transfer to the Army of Northern Virginia, 
serving in Virginia until the close of the war. Returning to Rocking- 
ham county. North Carolina, Mr. Cardwell engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits, and in the tobacco trade until 1869. In that year he moved to 
Hanover county, Virginia, and read law in the office of Winn & Haw, in 
tlie city of Richmond. He was admitted to the Bar in the spring of 
1874, opened an office in Richmond, and has been engaged in practice 
there ever since, with I'esidence at Hanover C. H. In 1884 he was 
elei'ted by the Legislature, and commissioned, judge of the county court 
of Hanover county, but declined to qualify. He has been a member of 
the House of Delegates of Virginia from Hanover county since 1881, 
and is the present Speaker of that liody. In 1884 he was Elec^tor on the 
DemoL-ratic ticket. 

The father of Mr. Cardwell was Richard P. Cardwell, died October 8d, 
1846, aged about thirty-five years, a son of Richard Cardwell, of Rock- 
ingham county. North Carolina. His wife, mother of Richard H., was 
Elizabeth M., daughter of Nickolas Dalton, of Rockingham county. 
North Carolina. She died in 1864, aged fifty-three years. In that 
county, in February, 1865, Richard H. Cardwell married Kate Howard, 
who was born in Richmond, Virginia. C. Howard, their first-bom child, 
died at the age of ten years. They have six children, bom in the order 
named : William D., Luiy Crump, Lizzie Dalton, CharlesP., Katie, Julia. 
Mrs.Cardwell is a daughter of Edward C. Howard, who was bom in the 


city of Richmond, and was city clerk of Richmond from the creation of 
the office in 1866 until his death in 1886. Mr. and Mrs. Cardwell are 
members of the Presbyterian church at Ashland, Virginia, and he is a 
Ruling Elder in the church. He is also a member of the Masonic frater- 
ity; of the Americfin Legion of Honor; of the Royal Arcanum, and 
of the Knights of Honor. 


Colonel Gary was bom in Hampton, Virginia, in 1819, a son of Col. 
Gill A. Cary, of Hampton, who was bom March 18, 1783, and died 
in March, 1843; son of John Cary of Back River, Elizabeth City county, 
Virginia, bom 1745, died 1795; son of Miles Cary, **The Eider,'' owner 
of *<Peai-tree Hall," Warwick county, Virginia, who died in 1766; son 
of Miles Cary who died in 1724, who was a grandson of Miles Cary, 
**The Emigrant," who came to Virginia from Bristol, England, in 1640, 
and dieil in Warwick county, Virginia, 1G67. His mother was Sarah E. 
S., daughter of Major James Ba^^op, of Gloucester county, Virginia, 
born September 18, 1789, died in April, 1879. He was educated at 
Hampton Academy, and at William and Mary College, graduating 
from that time honored institution July 4, 1839. For five years he 
taught school, then was seventeen years principal of Hampton Academy, 
which was disbanded April, 1861, on the secession of the State of Vir* 

He ent<;red the Confederate States' service as Major of Virginia Vol- 
unteers; was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel after the fight at Bethel, 
and a^^signed to the 32nd Virginia Regiment : was subsequently appointed 
Assistant Adjutant and Inspector-General at the request of G«n. John 

B. Magruder, and assigned to duty on his staff, serving through the 
Peninsular Campaign, and the Seven Days' Fights around Richmond. 
After Gen. Magnider's transfer to the Trans-Mississippi Department, 
Col. Cary was transferred to the Paymaster's Department, in which he 
served until the close of the war, on duty in Richmond. 

After the evacuation of Richmond, and the surrender at Appomatox 

C. H., he returned to Richmond, and was paroled April 24, 1865. He 
farmed for one year: then in February, 186G, was elected General Agent 
of the Virginia Penitentiary. He went into business also, as general 
commission merchant, with the late W. A. Armistead, of the firm of 
Armistead, Rice Cary & Co., later Armistead & Cary. 

Colonel Cary wa« removed from his official position by the Comman- 
der of Military District No. 1, December 24, 1868. In January, 1869, 
he entered the Insurance business as General Agent of the Piedmont 
Life Insurance Co.: after a few months, he went to New York, as a mem- 
l)er of the firm of Morriss & Cary, but soon accepted an appointment 


as General Agent of the Piedmont and Arlington Life Insurance Co., 
serving as such nearly two years. He was then for several years asso- 
ciated with Gen. Harry Heth, as General Agent and Manager of the 
Virginia Department of the Life Association of America, of which he 
subsequently became sole manager, resigning this position at the close 
of 1887. In January, 1878, he was appointed General Agent for Vir- 
ginia of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co., of Milwaukee; 
and in 1883, with his son (T, A. Cary,) under the firm name of John B. 
Cary & Son, was appointed to the position they still hold as General 
Agents of this Company for Virginia and North Carolina. 

Colonel Cary served as Treasurer and Superintendent of the Demo- 
cratic City Committee, of Richmond, Virginia, for about six years, to 
July, 1886, when he was appointed Superintendent of Schools for the 
City of Richmond, w^hich position he resigned in Februaryyl889. Him- 
self and family are members of the Seventh Street Christian Church, 

At Seaford, Matthews county, Virginia, in January', 1844, he married 
Columbia H. Hudgins, of that county. The record of their children is: 
Gilliena, unmarried; John B., jr., died in August, 1861, aged thirteen 
years; Lizzie E., married Wm.T. Daniel, of Richmond ; Elfie M., married 
John L. White, of Caroline county, Virginia; Sallie Campbell, married 
Louis P. Knowles, of Pensacola, Florida ; T. Archibald, married Maria 
B. Abert, of Columbus, Mississippi. 


The Childrey family was founded in Virginia in the eighteenth century. 
William Childrey, of Henrico county, was the father of John Childrey, 
who was the father of Stephen Childrey. Stephen Childrey, born in Hen- 
rico county, died at age of seventy-three years, married Susan, 
daughter of George Fletcher. She is now dead. Their son, John Kerr, 
was born in the city of Richmond in 1832. In this city, in 1857, he 
married Kate Tinsley Lyon, daughter of Allen M. Lyon, formerly of 
Richmond, now deceased, and Amoret (Tinsley) Lyon. The children of 
this marriage are eight: Kate Lewis, Maggie Carroll, Allen Lyon, Wm. 
Irvin, Amoret, John K., Charles M., Indie Lyon. 

John Kerr Childrey went to school in Henrico county, and at the Vir- 
ginia Mechanics Institute, Richmond. In 1849 he went into the tobacco 
business. Through the years of the civil war he was a member of the 
Governor's Mounted Guard, and served in the naval department, C. S. 
A. At the close of the war he returned to the tobacco business, in which 
he was engaged until 1888. In that year he was elected treasurer of the 
City of Richmond, the duties of which office he is stiU ably discharging. 

776 y/Rf,/\/A A\D \ /RG/\IA\S. 

Mr ('hiJ<lr>'y \n a nienilf^r of th^ I^[iti:^t <-han-h, and his idle is a mem* 
\i*fT of th** Metho<lwt fljimh. 


rrenirlMiit of the OM Dominion Iron and NaO Work* (ompanT, of Rich- 
irionrl. Wfii4 iKirn in that i-itv. on De^ieraber 29, 1H54. In that citv, 
Nov^nilier 17, lHH."i. he niarrie<l Leiia T. Beirr. who was l>om in Rich- 
nionrJ. They have «ine daughter. Teresa Louise. The father of Mr. 
(lai'ke in AiiiniHtUH H. (larke, of Richmond, bom in 1818. the son of 
Jrihn Sallf ( lark**, who wai* an officer of the Revolutionary army, and 
d«*H<;endent from French Huguenot aneentors who settled in Virginia in 
I'ohiiiial davM. His mother, bom in Henrieo eountv in 1824, is Emma 
Hullington (larke, the daughter of Jesse F. Keesee, sheriff of Henrico 
rounty liefore the war, since collector of State taxes for the city of 
Richmond. The wife of Mr. (larke is a daughter of David H. and 
Martha A. (Hill) Berry, now of Richmond. Her mother was bom in 
Richmond, her father in Chesterfield county, Virginia. He has been 
living in Richmon<l for fifty years, and has been superintendent of the 
(ialh»g(> flour millH for over forty years. 

Arthur H. Clarke was educated in Richmond, at the school of Thos. 
H. Norwood in the old St. John Churchyard; and the University school 
of John M. Strother. He was clerk in a coal office in 1869; and since 
1M72 hfiH lMH»n with the<-ompany of which he is now president. Him- 
self and wife are memliers of the First Baptist church, Richmond. 


The founder of the Coke family in Virginia was John Coke who came 
from Derbyshire, England, in 1724, and settled in Williamsburg, where 
the family has ever since had worthy representation. (See copy of <* Coke 
History," Virginia State Library.) The subject of the present sketch 
wfis born in Williamsburg, July 14, 1842, a son of John Coke, who was 
born in Williamsburg in 1797, and died in April, 1865, and who was a 
son of John Coke, who was a son of the founder of the family. The 
mother of John Archer Coke, was Eliza Hankins, born in James City 
county, about the year 1800, died about 1808, a daughter of Archer 
Hankins, presiding justice of James City county for many years. 

John Archer Coke was educated at William and Mary College, where 
he studie<l law, and was graduated in Academic department in 1860. 
In April, I8(il, he entered the Confederate States Army, a lieutenant in 
the '* \a^ Artillery." At the reorganization of the battery in 1862, he 
was ele(!t4Ml captain of the same; was wounded slightly in "Dahlgren^s 
Raid*' around Richmond; served with the Army of Northern Virginia 


until about 1864 ; then was assigned to duty in Richmond until the 
close of the war. 

In September, 1865, he commenced the practice of law in Richmond, 
and has continued in that profession since that time. He married, in 
Mecklenburg county, Virginia, April 17, 1867, EmmaOverbey, of that 
county. They have two children, Elise and John Archer, and have 
buried two : Robert P. and Emma Sacheverall. Mrs. Coke is a daughter 
of Robert Y. Overbey, who was born in Mecklenburg county in 1796, 
and died in 1872. Her mother was Mary Pool, born in the same county 
in 1800, died in 1886. 


Was born a soldier, at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, the son of Gen. P. 
•St. George Cooke, U. S. A. His first instruction in books was given by 
a soldier of the Ist Dragoons, U. S. A., at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 
He took a course of study in the Missouri University, at Columbia; 
attended the school tnught by Benjamin Hallowell, at Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia ; later was a student in the Lawrence Scientific School connected 
with Harvard University, Cambridge. He was educated for the pro- 
fession of civil engineer, and for a year after the completion of his studies 
followed that profession. Then, in 18i35, he was appointed second 
lieutenant in the 8th U. S. Infantry, and served in Texas, New Mexico 
and Arizona. He came from Arizona to Missouri on leave of absence in 

1861, and when the war broke out resigned from the United States 
Army an<l came to Virginia. 

He entered the Confederate States armv aA first lieutenant and was 
ordered to repoi-t to General Holmes at Fredericksburg, on whose staff 
he served until after Vmttle of First Manassas. In August, 1861, he 
raised a battery of artillery in Fredericksburg. In February, 1862, 
was promoted major of artillery, and sent with General Holmes as his 
chief of artillery into the Department of North Carolina. In April, 

1862, at the reorganization of the army he was elected colonel of the 
27th North Carolina Infantry regiment. He was ordered with his regi- 
ment into Virginia, and reached the field in time to be present in battle 
of Seven Pines. The regiment was assigned to Ripley's brigade, Army 
of Northern Virginia. In November, 1862, after Sharpsburg battle, he 
was promoted brigadier-general, with which rank he served until the 
surrender at Appomattox. General Cooke was slightly wounded at 
Sharpsburg, severely at Fredericksburg (December 13, 1862), at Bristoe 
(leg broken), and at near Spotsylvania C. H., in the Wilderness <;am- 
paign of 1864. The wound at Fredericksburg was received while Gen- 
eral Cooke, in command of Cooke's North Carolina Brigade in the 
<* sunken road" at the foot of *'Marye's Heights" was holding the 


** Stonewall/' together with Cobb's brigade, the two brigades fighting 
mingled together. 

From the field at Appomattox General Cooke went to Charlottsville, 
Virginia, where his wife was boarding, and in the fall of 1865 came to 
Richmond, where he has since resided. He wivs for a time clerk in the 
house of French & Crenshaw, then in various employments until, in 
1876, he engaged on his own nt»count in merchandising. He was prom- 
inent in the founding of the Soldiere Home, at Richmond, and has been 
one of it« active and efficient nianagei*8; is at present President Board 
of Directors of the Virginia Penitentiary. 

His father, Gen. Phillip St. Greorge Cooke, was born in Frederick county, 
Virginia, son of Dr. Cooke, and married Rachel Hertzog. He is now on 
the retired list, U. S. A., and they reside in Detroit, Michigan. The wife 
of Gen. John R. Cooke, whom he married in Richmond, in January, 
1864, is Nannie G., daughter of Dr. Wm. F. Patton, of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, formerly surgeon U. S. Navy. Her mother was a Miss Sheppard, 
of Orange county, Virginia. General and Mrs. Cooke have eight chil- 
dren,, born in the order named : John R., jr., Farlie P., Ellen M., P. St. 
George, Rachel, Hallie S., Nannie G., and Stuart. 


In early colonial days there came to Virginia from Wales, four broth- 
ers named Crenshaw. One of these was David Crenshaw, father of John 
Crenshaw, of Hailover county, Virginia, who wa« the father of Nathan- 
iel C. Crenshaw, who served in the w^arof 1812,and was a minister, and 
who was the father of John B., subject of this sketch. John B. Crenshaw 
was bom in Henrico county, Virginia, on May 2, 1820. He wa« reared 
in the Quaker faith, and has been a minister of the Quaker church for 
the past foHy years. He was educated in Richmond, and at Haverford 
College, near Philadelphia. Until . after the war he followed farming. 
He has served as city engineer and as representative from Henrico county 
in the Virginia Legislature. Since 1876 he has been in the sewing 
machine business. 

Mr. Crensh(iw has been twice married. His first wife was Rachel Hoge, 
whom he married in Septeml)er,1844,and who died in November, 1858, 
leaving him five children : Nathaniel B., Deborah A., Margaret E., James 
H. and Eliza C. Secondly, in Philadelphia, June 5, 1860, he married 
Judith A. WiUetts, and their children are two daughters, Isabella and 
Sarah W. 



Wholesale dealer in boots and shoes in Richmond city, was born in 
that city, on August 23, 1848. In Richmond, November 1, 1875, he 
married Nannie Armistead, also bom in Richmond. The issue of the 
union was three children, born in the order named : Armistead C, Wil- 
bur P. and Lora. 


Was born in the city of Richmond, on October 23, 1836, a son of Will- 
iam CuUingworth, who was a son of John Cullingworth of England, 
and born in that country. At the age of fourteen years William Cul- 
lingworth emigrated to this country. In 1832 he married Mary E. 
Whitlock, who was bom in Hanover county, Virginia, near Pole Green, 
and is now living in Richmond at the age of eighty-three years. WiU- 
iam Cullingworth was a dealer in live-stock. He died in 1862, aged 
fifty-eight years. 

William H. finished his education by three years attendance, 1851-4, 
at Franklin Minor^s Ridgeway Institute, Albemarle county. He was 
two years in the tobacco house of Wm. Anderson, jr., Richmond, then 
in the same business with Jas. H. Grant until the beginning of the war. 
He ent-ei'ed the army in Company G, 1st Virginia regiment, with which 
he served until the dose of the war. Returning to Richmond he re- 
mained out of any regular business until he entered the tobacco manu- 
factory of S. W. Venable at Petersburg, Virginia. He remained with 
him one year, then returned to Richmond, entering the house of Cul- 
lingworth & Ellison, with whom he remained ten years. On May 13, 
1885, he was appointed postmaster of the City of Richmond, the ap- 
pointment confirmed June 18th. 

Mr. Cullingworth is a member of the A. F. & A. M., Royal Arch Chap- 
ter, Knights Templar and the Schrine; a member of the Knights of 
Honor, and of the Westmoreland Club, of Richmond. 


The subject of this sketch was bom in the city of Richmond, on Janu- 
ary 17, 1841. He attended school in Richmond, then entered George- 
town College, D.C., where he was graduated on Julyl,1860. At the begin- 
ning of the war he entered as a private the regiment of which his father 
was major, the 1st Virginia Inf antral, and served with it until wounded 
and captured at Williamsburg. He was taken to Rip Raps and held 
there three months. Exchanged at Varina in August, 1862, and dis- 
abled for field service by his wound (in the right wrist) he was appoint- 


ed lieutenant of ordinance, in the Reserve Corps at Richmond, and so 
served until the close of the war. 

Immediately aft^er, he engaged in the practice of law. In the fall of 
1871 he was elected to the Legislature, where he serve<l six sui^cessive 
years, declining a re-election. In 188G he was elected second vice-presi- 
dent of the Richmond & Danville R. R. Co., and given charge of the law 
department one year. He continues to practice in Richmond. At Staun- 
ton, Virginia, September 11, 1869. he married Sallie May, who was 
bom in Lunenberg county, Virginia. 

Major John Dooley, father of Jiunes H., was Major of*the Ist Virginia 
regiment, C. S. A., for one year, and was afterwards electe<l Captain of the 
Ambulance ('orps until the close of the war. John, brother of James, 
was Captain of Company C, that regiment, until wounded and taken 
prisoner at Gettysburg. He was held at Johnson's Island, Lake Erie, 
from that time till the close of the war. Major John Dooley was born 
in Limerick, Ireland, the son of John Dooley, Esq. He married Sarah 
Dooley, who survives him, Hving now in Richmond. His death occur- 
red in that city in February, 18(58, in his fifty-eighth year. 


Andrew I^wis, son of James B. Ellett, of King William county, Vir- 
ginia, was born in that county, July 19, 1822. His father, born in 
King William county, died in August, 1850, aged sixty-eight years, was 
a son of Pleasant I). Ellett, of King William county. His mother, now 
deceased, was Sallie, daughter of (ieorge Drewry, Esq. At St. Paul's 
church, Richmond, November 25, 1851, Andrew L. Ellett married Nan- 
nie T. Tazewell, and their children are: Ida, now the wife of Frank D. 
Stegar, of Richmond; Nannie T., now the wife of Cannon H. Fleming, 
of Goochland county, Virginia ; Tazewell and Andrew L., jr. Mrs. Ellett 
was born in Richmond, and is a daughter of Dr. William Tazewell, now 
deceased, and his wife, Mary P. who was a Boiling, descendant of the 
Virginia Boiling family founded by Robert Boiling, who married first 
a descendant of Pocahontas, and secondly Mary Steeth. 

Mr. Ellett attended school in his native county until nineteen years of 
age. On January 1, 1842, he began business as clerk for J. M. & W. 
Willis, grocers, with whom he remained eighteen months; was next with 
John N. Gordon, grocer, fifteen months; then, until 1848, with Lou- 
don, Willingham & Drewry, wholesale dry goods. He then went into 
the same business for himself, a member of the firm of Willingham & 
Ellett, in which he continued until. 1865. From 1865 to 1871 he was 
conducting a general commission business, then until 1884 in the dry 
goods business again. In 1885 he was appointed to the office he is now 
filling, collector of internal revenue in Richmond. 



James Ta^'lor, son of Henry K. Ellyson, was born in the city of Rich- 
mond, on May 20, 1847. His mother was Elizabeth P., daughter of 
Luther Barnes, born in Phihidelphia, March 5, 1814, died July 27, 
1886. The Ellysons have been residents of Virginia for several gener- 
ations. Henry K. Ellyson, bom in Richmond, July 31,1823, was a 
son of Onan Ellyson, who was a son of William Ellyson. At Howards- 
ville, Albemarle county, Virginia, December 2, 1869, Jas. Taylor Elly- 
son married Lora E. Hotchkiss, who was born at Hales Eddy, Broome 
county, New York. They have one daughter, Nannie Moore, bom 
January 6, 1871 . Mrs. Ellyson is the daughter of Nelson H. Hotchkiss, 
who was bom in Broome county, New York, December 3, 1819, and 
Harriet (Russell) Hotchkiss. Her mother died in July, 1883. 

Mr. Ellyson attended school at Mrs. Mallory^s in 1855-*56-*57; at L. 
S. Squires' in 58'59-'60; at David Turner's in '61 -'62, and was for a few 
months a student at Hampden-Sidney College, which he left to enter the 
Confederate States army, serving as a private in the Second Company 
of Richmond Howitzers, until he surrendered with the company at Appo- 
mattox. After the war he attended the Richmond College, then entered 
the University of Virginia, where he graduated in a number of schools, 
sessions of 1 867-'68 and 1868-'69. After leaving the University he was 
for a few months with the Richmond Dispatch^ and in the fall of 1869 
entered the book and stationery business with Henry Taylor of Balti- 
more, Maryland, under the firm name of Ellyson & Taylor. He con- 
tinued in this business until 1879, when he became connected with the 
Religious Herald, of which he is now secretary and treasurer. 

In 1878 he was elected a member of the Common Council of Richmond 
from Monroe Ward, and was successively re-elected in 1880, 1882, and 
1884. During his term of office he was chairman of the Finance Com- 
mittee, president of the Board of Public Int-erests, and twice elected 
president of the Council, in July, 1882, and in July, 1884. In 1885 he 
was elected to represent the city of Richmond and County of Henrico in 
the State Senate. On May 24, 1888, he was elected Mayor of Richmond 
for the two years beginning July 1, 1888. Since April, 1884, he has 
been a member and president of the City School Board. 

Since February, 1871, Mr. Ellyson and his wife have been members of 
the Second Baptist church, of Richmond. In 1878 he waselected deacon. 
In 1874 he was elected corresponding se<'retary of the Education Board 
of the Baptist General Association of Virginia; in 1875-'76 was presi- 
dent of the Young Men's Christian A8.sociation of this city. 



Judge Floumoy wa« born in Halifax county, Virginia, in 1846. He 
is a son of Thomas S. Floumoy, bom in Prince Edward county, Vir- 
ginia, December 14, 1811, died in Halifax county, March, 1883, and a 
grandson of John James Floumoy, born in Prince Edward county in 
1780. At (larksville, Mecklenburg county, Virginia, June 8, 1871, he 
man-ied Rosa Buena, daughter of Henry Wood, Esq., of that county. 
They have an only son, H. W. Floumoy, jr. Mrs. Floumoy 's father, 
born in Amelia county, Virginia, in 1812, practiced law many years 
in Mecklenburg and adjoining counties, and died in Clarksviile in 1882. 

Judge Floumoy attended school at the Samuel Davis Institute, Hali- 
fax county ; T. T. Bouldin's^Charlotte county ; John H. Powell's, Halifax 
county, and the Pike Powers school at Mt. Laurel, Halifax county. In 
January, 18(52, not then sixteen years of age, he entered the Confederate 
Stat-es army. He served as a private in Company G, 6th Virginia 
Cavalry, until wounded at Tom's Brook, Virginia, October 8, 1864. 
In November following he was enrolled in the Third Company, Rich- 
mond Howitzers, with which he remained until the surrender at Appo- 
mattox. In September, 1867, Judge Floumoy began the practice of 
law, in Danville, Virginia. He w^as elected Judge of the Corporation 
Court of Danville in June, 1870, and re-elected in 1876. Resigningthis 
office on January 1, 1878, he resumed practice in Halifax county. In 
1881 he settled in Washington county; in 1883 was elected to the office 
he is now ably filling. Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia, re- 
elected in 1885, and tigain in 1887. 


Birkett D. Fry was bom in Kanawha county, (then) Virginia, on 
June 24, 1822. His father was Thornton Fry, son of Henry Fry, who 
was a son of Col. Joshua Fry (born in England) of colonial fame. He 
was educated at Washington College, Pennsylvania ; at the Virginia 
Military Institute, and at West Point, and entered the U. S. army in 
1847, as a first lieutenant, U. S. Voltigeurs and Foot Riflemen. Served 
under General Scott, and took part in battles of Contrera«, Cherubusco, 
Molina del Rey, Chapult^pec, and City of Mexico. After the close of the 
war returned to Fort McHenry, Maryland, where the regiment was dis- 
banded. In the spring of 1849, Lieutenant Fry went with a party of 
young gentlemen across the plains to California, where he remained until 
1856. He then went to Nicaragua and, as Colonel and General, took 
part in the revolution going on there. He was in command at Grana- 
da, and defeated the army of Guatamala. After the failure to estab- 
lish the liberal party in power he returned to San Francisco, in 1858, 


remaining thereuntil the autumn of 1859. Coming then to Alabama, set- 
tled at Tallassee, and engaged in cotton manufai^turing until the out- 
break of the civil war. 

In the summer of 1861 he was appointed colonel of the 13th Ala- 
bama Infantry regiment, and reporting at once with the regiment at 
Richmond, was ordered to Yorktown, serving there until the evacua- 
tion. Colonel Fry was wounded at battle of Seven Pines (May 31, 
18(52). After an absence of six weeks he returned to command of his 
regiment, and remained with it until severely wounded in battle of 
Sharpsburg, by which wound he was disabled about four months. Re- 
• suming command of his regiment, he was again wounded at Chancel- 
lorsville, but did not leave his regiment, commanding that or the 
brigade until Gettysburg battle. In the last charge of that battle, on 
July 3d, while commanding the right brigade of Heath's Division (the 
<Hrectiug brigade in the famous charge), he was wounded in the right 
shoulder, shot through the thigh, jind made, prisoner. He lay on the 
field six days, and then was taken to the hospital at Fort McHenry. 
The following October was sent to the Federal prison at Johnsons 
Island, Lake Erie. • In March, 1864, he was specially exchanged and 
returned to Richmond. Ordered to Drewrys Bluff to take liarton's 
brigade, he commanded it in the battle where Beauregard drove back 
Butler's army. Soon after, ordered to join General Lee in Spottsyl- 
vania, wa« by him assigned to command of two bngades (Archer's 
and Walker's) with some other troops, and commanded this force in 
the second battle of Cold Harbor, holding the left of the Confederate 
line. A few daj's later. Colonel Fry was promoted brigadier-general, 
and soon thereafter he was ordered to Augusta, Georgia, to command a 
district embracing part of South Carolina and part of Georgia, which 
service he rendered until the close of the war. 

After the close of the war. General Fry went to Havana, Cuba, and 
remained there three years. In 1868 he returned to Alabama, and re- 
sumed his old business of cotton manufacturing at Tallassee, in which 
he continued until 1876. Then after spending some time in Florida he 
resided in Montgomery, Alabama, where his wife died. He married, in 
San Francisco, California, July 14, 1853, Martha A. Micou, born in 
Augusta, Georgia. She died April 8, 1878, aged forty-five years. 

In 1881 General Fry came to reside in Richmond, Virginia, engaging 
in cotton manufacturing. Since September, 1886, he has been presi- 
dent of the Marshall Manufacturing Company, of Richmond. 



Major Gaines, registrar of Land Office for the City of Richmond, wa« 
bom in Charlotte county, Virginia, on April 8, 1833. He finisheil \\\» 
studies at Hanipden-Sichiey College, and was engaged in farming from 
1H5(> to the beginning of the war. He entered the Confederate Statt* 
army as a private in Company B, 14th Virginia Cavalry ; was pro- 
moted tiret lieutenant, the regiment in Jenkin's brigade, and then Mi'- 
Causland's, after the burning of Chambereburg ; was wounded at Moore- 
field, Virginia, August 7, 1H(>3, losing left leg; later was mode prisoner 
by Sheridan's forces, and held five weeks, then left by this army when it 
moved, as one who was about to die, but recovered sufficiently to return 

He was engaged in farming again until 1877 ; he was a member of the 
Virginia legishiture, session of 1873-74. In 1877 he went into a mercan- 
tile business in Charlotte eounty ; four years later returned to fanning; 
was one year clerk for the State Railroad commissioners; sergeant-at- 
arms of the House of Delegates from that time until elected to his 
present position. He has also been supervisor of Charlotte county for 
the past twenty years. 

Col. Rol>ert F. (laines, father of Major Gaines, bom in Charlotte 
county, Virginia, died in November, 1873, aged seventy-four years, was 
a son of Major Wm. Gaines of Charlotte county, whose father wa« 
Richard Gaines of Virginia. The mother of Major Wm. R. Gainee was 
Susan W., daughter of Henry Edmunds, Esq., of Halifax county, Vir- 
ginia. She died in 1875, aged sixty-five years. 


High Constable in and for the City of Richmond, is now serving his 
third term of two years ea.i*h in this office. For one term he was elec»tetl 
to the office without opposition, a record without parallel in the history 
of the office. He was born in Norfolk, Virginia, November 21, 1845, 
the son of Edward C. Garrison, wlio was bom in Accomack county, Vir- 
ginia, and Camilla (Powell) Garrison, bom in Isle of Wight county, 
Virginia. His paternal ancestors were among the first settlers in A(*- 
comack, coming from England. 

Mr. Garrison has been twice married, his first wife Margelia R., eldest 
daughter of Capt. Thomas S. Alvis of Briarfield,Bibb county, Alabama. 
This marriage was solemnized at the home of the bride in Briarfield, 
July 19, 1870, and she lived only a short time after. Secondly Mr. 
Garrison married, at Richmond, April 30, 1874, Eudora C, daughter 
of Richard Walden, of King and Queen county, Virginia. She was bora 
in that county, where her ancestors settled in the early part of the 


present century. Mr. and Mrs. Garrison have six children, bom in the 
order named: Margelia E., Merritt W., Edward J., Nellie S., Richard 
R., Eudor C. 

Not twenty years of age when the civil war was ended, Mr. Garrison 
was in service during that war, a member of A company, Naval Bat;- 
talion. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity; of the Red Men; 
Junior Order of Mechanics; Knights of Honor; Royal Goodfellows; 
and is a machinist by trade. Himself and wife are members of the 
Leigh Street Baptist Church. 


The name of Goddin appears among those of the earliest settlers of 
Richmond city, the grandfather of Mr. Goddin being a resident here as 
early as 1805 or 1810. This wa« John Goddin, who was for many 
years high Constable of the City of Richmond. His son, father of 
Charles W., was Wellington Goddin, who married Eliza P., daughter of 
Frederick Winston of Hanover county, Virginia. Wellington Goddin 
served as deputy under his father some years, and in 1848 or 
1850 went into the real estate business. He was bom in Richmond, 
and died December 9,1887, aged seventy-three years. 

Charles W. was bom in Richmond, October 29, 1853, and attended 
private schools in the city until fitted for college. At the age of sixteen 
years he left Richmond College, and served as deputy clerk of the county 
court of Alexander county, Illinois, at Cairo, for two years. He was 
then, and until 1873, cashier of the St. Louis and Iron Mountain R. R., 
at Belmont, Missouri, then returned to Richmond. He was for a time 
deputy clerk of the chancery court of the city of Richmond, resigning; 
was two or three years deputy collector of city taxes, resigning ; then 
three or four years assistant commissioner of revenue for the city of 
Richmond until April 19, 1888, when he was elected clerk of the 
chancery court of the city, on the duties of which office he entered July 
1, 1888. Mr. Goddin is a member of St. Johns Lodge, No. 36, A. F. & 
A. M.; of Napoleon Council, Legion of Honor; of Munford Lodge, Order 
of Tonti ; and a member of Moore Memorial Episcopal Church of Rich- 
mond, as is his wife. He married in Richmond, July 11, 1876, Susie T. 
Crutchfield, born in this city. Their children are Claudia B., Aylett W., 
Eliza W., George T., N. Stuart, Jennie C. Mrs. Goddin is a daughter 
of George K. Crutchfield, who served several years as a member of the 
Common Council, of Richmond, and two years, 1878-80, as a member 
of the Virginia legislature. Her mother wa* Susan Terrill Trueheart, 
who married a Mr. Waller, and surviving him married secondly Geo. K. 
Outchfleld, about the year 1850. She is a daughter of Colonel True- 
heart, of " Liberty Hall," Hanover county, Virginia, 



Mr. (lui^on, subject of this sketch, was born at the RiehmoTid House, 
in the city of Ricliniond, on Auj^ist 13th, 1858. After the uhuuI pii^ 
liniinary school attendance he entered the University of Virjpnin, whcn^ 
lie was a student during two summers and the session of 1H79-80. Hi» 
wtis then admitteil to the Bar in Richmond, and has lK?en in the prac- 
tice of the law in that city ever since. At St. James Church, Richmond. 
Febnmry 10, 1887, he married Kate Empie Sheppard, of that city, and 
they have one son, bearing the father's name, Alexander B. 

Mr. (iuigon's father, Alexander Barclay Guigon, 1st, now deceasi^*!, 
late Judge of the Hustings Court, city of Richmond, was a son of 
August (iuigon, of Richmond, bom in France. The mother of tlie sub- 
ject of this sketch was Sarah Bates (Iuigon, nee Allen, now deceased, a 
daughter of the late James Allen, of Richmond, formerly of Massachu- 
setts. Mr. (lUigon's wife is a daughter of the late James Sheppard, who 
was a son of Dr. Joseph Sheppard, of Henrico county. Her mother is 
Kate, daughter of Dr. Adam Empie, formerly pastor of St. James* 
church, Richmond. 

In addition to his general practice, Mr. Guigon has for several years 
been prominently identified with the St^ite Debt litigation as assistant 
counsel for the Bondholders, and as such hns been actively engagwl 
in resisting, in the coui'ts, the State's effort to repudiate or re-adjust 
her obligations. 


Born in the City of Richmond, December 25, 1857, was educated in the 
Richmond schools and at Georgetown College, D. C. After leaving col- 
lege he studied law for sixteen months with his uncle, P. H. Hagan, F]sq., 
of Scott county, Virginia, then returned to Richmond and entereil the 
office of the Richmond & Petersburg Railroad. He renmine<l theiv 
eighteen months, then accepted a position with the Chesapeake & Ohio 
road at Charlottsville, Virginia, for about the same period, then begun 
business ns manufacturers agent for a firm of shoe manufacturers of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and since that time has represented various 
manufacturers of tlmt locality throughout the South. 

John Hagan, jr., father of John Campbell, was born in County Ty- 
rone, Ireland, February 2,1826, a son of John Hagan and Ellen Camp- 
bell, liis wife, of the same place. He settled in Virginia October 17, 
1849, served through the war between the States in the Confe<lerate 
States army, and died on October 17, 1874. The mother of John 
Campbell Hagan, born in Richmond, Virginia, April 6, 1828, is Mary 
Catharine, daughter of Florence Downey and Mary C. Lynel, his wife. 


In Richmond, September 14, 1887, Mr. Hagan married Alice May 
Nipe, who wa« born in Baltimore, Maryland. She is a daughter of 
James Wm. Nipe, who was born in Berkeley county, (now) West Vir- 
ginia, March 10, 1829, a son of George Nipe and Mary Gulp, his wife, 
and died in Baltimore, March 11. 1871. Her mother, bom in Lynch- 
burg, Virginia, August 4, 1841, is Emma J., daughter of Wm. Addison 
Bennett of Hanover county, Virginia, and Eliza J. Morton, his wife, of 


On September 6, 1850, at Staunton, Virginia, the subject of this 
sketch was born, a son of Col. M. G. Harman, and a grandson of Lewis 
Harman, of Augusta county, Virginia. His mother's family were also 
honored residents of that county, she being Caroline V., daughter of L. 
L. Stevenson, Esq., of Staunton. Colonel Harman died in December, 
1874, aged fifty-eight years; his widow survives him, living in Augusta 
county. At Lexington, V^irginia, December 11, 1872, Asher W. Har- 
man, jr., married Eugenia M. Cameron. The bride was born in Rock- 
bridge county, July 19, 1851, the daughter of Col. Andrew W. Cameron, 
of Rockbridge county, born in Bath county, and now deceased. Her 
mother was Ellen Hyde of Rockbridge county. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Harman are : Nellie H., Michael G., George C, Carrie, Eugenia, 
Alex. H., Warwick C, Mattie and A. W. 

Mr. Harman was educated at the Virginia Military Institute, I^xing- 
ton, which he entered September (5, 1868, graduating July 4, 1872. 
From July, 1872 until December, 1885, he was engaged in farming, 
ntail contracting and rnilroad contracting. On January 1, 1885, he 
was elected to the office he is now ably filling. Treasurer of the State of 


Born in Chesterfield county, Virginia, May 20, 1852, was graduated 
from Hanipden-Sidney college, Virginia, in June, 1871, with degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, and from the University of Virginia, with degree of 
Barhelor of Law, in July, 1873. He came to Richmond in September, 
1873, and began prnctice, in which he has continued ever since. He is 
a member of the Masonic fraternity, and of the order of X. 0. 

The father of Mr. Hnskins is Dr. Richard E. Haskins, who was born 
at what wns then known as **The Grove," Brunswick county, Virginia, 
a son of Dr. Creed Haskins, who represented Bioinswick county in 
the Virginia legislature many years. The founder of the family in Vir- 
ginia was Edward Haskins, who came from England, and settled on 
the James River, near Richmond, about 1689. Dr. Creed Haskins mar- 


ried Anne Field Meado, who W8U3 bom at **The Grove," Brunswick 
county, and was a sister of Hon. Richard Kidder Meade, who repre- 
sented the Petersburg district in the U. S. Congress, and afterwards 
was U. S. minister at Brazil, South America. 

The mother of Meade Haskins, born at ** Mantua,'* Chesterfield 
county, is Louise Edith, daughter of Hon. Richard Noble Thweatt, a 
lawyer of Prince George county, Virginia, and Mary Thweatt, nee 
Eppes, her mother bom at ** Eppington,'' Chesterfield county, a niec*e of 
Thomas Jefferson, of ** Monticello,'' and a descendant of Franc s Eppes 
of England. Mr. Haskins had two brothers in the Confederate States 
army, Thomas ( '. and Carter Haskins, the latter now a physician. * 


President of the Grain and Cotton Exchange of Richmond, Virginia, 
since July 1, 1881, and President of the Haxall-Crenshaw Company of 
Richmond since July 1, 1880, was bom in the city of Richmond ,x>n Jan- 
uary 1, 1840. He married in Richmond, April 14, 1874, Mary Jenifer 
Triplett, of that city. He is a son of Richard Barton Haxall, bom in 
Petersburg, Virginia, and Octavia Robinson, his wife, bom in Richmond. 
Richard Barton Haxall, bom in 1805, died in 1881, was a son of Philip 
Haxall, who was bom in England (youngest son pf William and Catha- 
rine Newton Haxall), came to Virginia, in 1786, settled at Petersburg, 
married Oara Walker, of Dinwiddie county, in 1801, moved to Rich- 
mond in 1808, founded the ** Haxall MiUs" in 1809, and died in 1831. 

The wife of Mr. Haxall is a daughter of Wm. S. Triplett, bom at Rich- 
mond, president of the »*01d Dominion Nail Works." Her mother is 
Nannie, daughter of Hon. Daniel Jenifer, of Maryland, minister to Aus- 
tria, administration of James K. Polk. 

Mr. Haxall was in service through the late war, C. S. A., first as pri- 
vate in 4th Virginia Cavalry; then Jis volunteer aide to Gen. J. R. 
Anderaon; then as cavalry drill master; then adjutant of Rol^ertson's 
brigade; then adjutant <*Fitz Lee's" division. He is a member of the 
college fraternity of Beta Theta Pi. 


Bom in Tieaksville, North Carolina, 0('tol>er 20, 18:^7, has l>een a resi- 
dent of Virginia since 18B6. He is a Hon of William R. Hill, a retiivd 
banker now eighty-four years old, living near Maxton, North Carolina, 
bom in Raleigh county, that Stat43, the son of (Jreen Hill, whose father 
was Rev. Wm. Hill, born in England, and a chaplain in the Revo- 
lutionary war. The mother of Captain Hill in Sarah A. Hill, /iw Sim- 
mons, of Petersburg, Virginia. His wife is Harriet R., daughter of 


Charles B. and Ann (Hackley) Williams, born near Richmond, her 
parents Virginians. Captain Hill wa* married in Richmond, May 2, 
1861, and has one daught-er, Fannie W. 

After attending school in boyhood in Milton, North Carolina, he 
clerked in a store in that Stat<e six years. Coming to Richmond in 
April, 1857, he was book-keeper for Williams & Carrington, tobacco 
commission merchants, for two years. Returning then to Milton, he 
went into business as a partner in the firm of Smith & Hill, general 
merchandise. He entered the Confederate States army in April, 1861, 
private in Company C, 13th North Carolina Infantry. He was appointed 
regimental quartermaster, and so served until in 1864 he was made 
paymaster of Wilcox's division, Hill's Army Corps, with which he served 
till the close of the war. He then went to New York, and was in the 
employ of Henry M. Morris, southern general produce merchant, until 
the spring of 1866, when he made his home in Richmond. 

He went into business here a member of the firm of Hill & Poteet, 
tobacco commission merchants. Mr. Poteet dying, Mr. Ben tley became 
his partner, and later Charles R. Skinker of New York was taken into 
the firm, the firm style remaining, for six years. Hill, Bentley & Skinker. 
Mr. Bentley then retired and the firm of Hill & Skinker continued the 
business three years. Then Charles Watkins of Milton, North Caro- 
lina, was admitted, the firm becoming Hill, Skinker & Watkins. In 
May, 1882, this firm dissolved, and since then Mr. Hill has conducted 
the business alone, under the name of Charles D. Hill & Co., tobacco, 
grain, general commission merchants. All the business with which he 
ha* been connects since 1866, has been conducted in the warehouse on 
Fourt-eenth street, l>etween Main and Cary, and at the (central ware- 
house, Nos. 1412-1416 Cary street. 


The family of which Major Hill is a worthy repi*e8entative is of English 
descent, early seated in Virginia. Turner Hill, of Chnrles (Mty county, 
was his paternal grandfather. His father, John T. Hill, born in Charles 
City county, died in 1858, aged fifty-seven years, married Tabitha, 
daughter of Captain Joseph Christian, of Revolutionary fame. Of this 
imion was born the subje<t of this sketch, in Charles City county, May 
29, 18JJJ3. He was educated in the schools of New Kent county, Virjj;inia, 
and at the age of eighteen years came to Richmond, where he clerked 
for eight years. Removing then to Albemarle county, Virginia, he 
was engaged in merchandising until the beginning of the war. 

In May, 1861, he was enrolled a private in Company E,4r)th Virginia 
Infantry, C. S. A. In March, 1864, was promoted major in the same 


regiment. He waB wounded in the right ami before Petersburg:, losing 
the arm, June 17, 1864. After the war he resumed business in AHje- 
umrle county, and most of the time since has been engaged in the trans- 
portation business. From 1869 to 1873, he was a member of the Vir- 
ginia HouH» of Delegates, and he was eight years sergeant-at-arms of 
the H(ms». In April, 1887. he was appointed railroad commissioner 
for the State of Virginia, and is still so serving. Major Hill is a Master 

He has be.^n twice married, Harriet N. Ragland,who died on April 27, 
186'^ hiH firnt wifJ^ and their (*hildren thi-ee, Allan C, Nannie M., 
James ('., jr. In Charles City county, Virginia. (m May 3, 18(56, he mar- 
ried Mary K. Lamb, of that county. They have four children: Susaii 
L., Ann E., Frank Terry and Emory. 


Proprietor of Jones' Leaf Toba^cco Warehouse, Richmond, Virginia, 
was born in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, August 23, 1842. He was 
educated in private schools in his native county, and began business in 
1865 as a dry goods merchant. A year later he went into the grocery 
business, nfterward8 farming. One year of the la tt-er occupation having 
proven sufficient, he then took an interest in the Roanoke Tobacco 
Works, at Danville, Virginia, estabhshed in 1865, by Marshal Geo. P. 
Kane of Bnltimore. After a time he bought the establishment, and 
conducted it for some years, then sold it and embarked in the leaf to- 
bacco bu8iness at Danville. He moved to Richmond on January 1, 1877, 
and established his present business. 

The ftither and mother of Mr. Jones are both living, aged seventy- 
three and seventy-one respectively, having eleven children, six girls and 
five boys, all living, the youngest now tliirty years old. His father, 
Decatur Jones, born in Henry county, Virginia, January 29, 1816, was 
a, son of Thomas Jones of Henry county, son of Dr. Benjamin Jones 
who settled in that county from ('ulpeper ccmnty, Virginia, and was a 
son of Joshua Jones of Wales. 

Joshua Jones came from Wales and settled on the present sit^e of the 
City Baltimore, Maryland, then a wild forest. Jones' Falls took its 
name from him. Later in hfe he removed to Culpeper county, Virginia, 
wliere Dr. Benjamin Jones wtis born. The latter settled in Henry county, 
where he was a physician and surgeon of much local renown. He rep- 
resented his county for several terms in the State Ijegislature, at one 
election receiving every man's vote in the county but one. He marriini 
Elizabeth Reamy, of a Huguenot family which settled in South Caro- 
Hna, and who live<l to the age of one hundred and one years, two 


months and twenty-two days. They had six sons and two daughters : 
Thoma8,S?andfford and Kearney were planters and lived in Henry county. 
The other three were surgeons, two of whom settled at Lancaster, 
South Carolina, Churchill and Bartlett. A daughter «f the latter, mar- 
ried Dr. I. Marion Sims, of New York. Churchill married a daughter of 
Oeneral Davie, at one time minister to France. The father of Governor 
John Morehead, of North Carolina, was Dr. Benjamin Jones' first cousin, 
nnd Gen'l Sam Houston was his great nephew. The other son, Dr. 
(ieorge Jones, settled in Rockingham county, North Carolina, and 
married a Miss Dunlap, of South Carolina. The eldest son Thomas, 
grand father of the subject of this sketch, married Elizabeth D. Lyell, of 
Brunswick county, Virginia, whose mother was Anne Stuart, of Scot- 
land, and a direct descendant of that great family. 

The mother of Wm. Henry Jones, bom in Pittsylvania county in 
1818, is Nancy, daughter of John Keen and Nancy Wit<;her,her mother 
sister of Vincent Witcher of Pittsylvania county. Mr. and Mrs. Decatur 
Jones now reside at *^ Bachelors Hall," Pittsylvania county. 

In Pittsylvania county, December 6, 1863, Wm. Henry Jones married 
Elizabeth Frances Keen. They have one daughter, May. Mrs. Jones 
was born in Pittsylvania county, a daughter of Elisha F. Keen, and a 
granddaughter of John Keen, both of that (iounty. Her father, born 
June 25, 1825, tiled in 1868. Her mother^ Mary Ann Keen, nee Perkins, 
died in 1886, aged fifty-five years. 

Dll. R. A. LEWIS, 

Born in Spotsylvania county, Virginia, April 4, 1824, was a son of 
John Lewis, bom in that county, son of Zachary Lewis, jr., of Virginia, 
who was a captain and colonel in the Continental Army during the 
Revolution, and who was a son of Zachary Lewis, sr., of Virginia, son 
of Robert Lewis of England, son of Jean Lewis, a French Huguenot, 
eniigiv to England. The mother of Dr. I^ewis was Jean W., daughter 
of Travers and Frances Daniel. His parents are no longer living. He 
was educated at Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky, and 
was gi^aduated there in medicine on March 4, 1847. He practiced in 
Williamstown and in Franklin county, Kentucky, until 1852, then 
came to Ricrhmond, Virginia, where he has been continuously in prac- 
tice ever since, except when int/crrupted by the war. 

He entered the Confederate Stat^^s Army in July, 1861, as assistant 
surgeon of the 21st Virginia Infantry, and was made surgeon of the 
21st Virginia regiment, then of the 3d Georgia regiment. Lat4^r he 
took <*harge of the Winder hospital, at Richmond, then organized and 
superintended the Stuart hospital, at Richmond, until the close of the 


war. He in a member of the Second Presbyterian church at Richmond ; 
also a member of the State Board of Medical Examiners. 

In Richmond, Virginia, November, 1851, Dr. Lewis married Malaga- 
retta Gillian Mitchell, and their children were three sons: John M., 
Waller M., Richmond. Mrs. Lewis was bom in Staiford county, Vir- 
ginia, where her father, James Mitchell settled from Scotland, and she 
died in November, 1879, aged fifty years. 


Dr. Mc€aw was bom in the city of Richmond, on July 12, 1823. He 
fini8he<l liis edu(;ation at the University of New York, graduating in 
1844, and immediately began practice of medicine, in choosing wliich 
profession he followed the tradition of his family, his father, grandfather 
and great grandfather all having been physicians. The last-named 
came to Virginia with Lord Dunmore in 1771. In addition to his r^u- 
lar practice Dr. McCaw has been professor in the Medical College of Vir- 
ginia; editor of the Virginia Medical Journal; and during the war was 
chief surgeon of the Chimborazo hospital, treating 76,000 patients in 
the four years. 

In Richmond, May 20, 1845, he married Delia Patt«8on, bom in Rich- 
mond, daughter of Dr. Wm. A. Patteson of Richmond, and they had 
nine children. Dr. McCaw and his wife are members of St. Paul Church, 
Richmond; he is one of the Vestrymen. 


Was born in Winchester, Virginia, on October 11, 1835. At Staunton, 
Virginia, he married Mary Stuai-t, and they have nine children, three 
sons and six daughters, bom in the order named : Stuart, Hugh, Mary, 
Fannie, Annie, Hunter, Augusta, Gettie, Margaret. 

The family line of Dr. McGuire is thus traced : Edward McGuire, his 
great grandfather, left Ordfest, County Kerry, Ireland, in 1756, with a 
kinsman (first cousin), General M. McGuire. (See Smollett's History of 
England, pp. 043, 792,855.) He finally settled in Winchester, Virginia, 
and died in 1806. His son Edward McGuire, bom and died in W^in- 
eliester, married Elizabeth Holmes. Of this marriage was bom, in 
Winchester, in 1801, Dr. Hugh Holmes McGuire, who married Ann 
ElizH , daughter of William Moss and (lertmde Holmes. On the maternal 
Hide Dr. Hugh Holmps McGuire and his wife were of the same descent, 
and they were first cousins. He died in 1875, and his widow in 1878. 
These were the parents of the subject of this sketch. 

Hunter Holmes, of tlie maternal line of Dr. McGuii-e, and aft^r whom 
he is named, was killed at Mackinaw in 1814; a sword was voted and 


given to his nearest relatives by Virginia, for his gallant conduct in this 
battle. Judge Hugh Holmes of Winchester, and David Holmes, gover- 
nor of Mississippi and U. S. senator, brothers of Hunter Holmes, were 
descendants of Col. Joseph Holmes, of Bally-Kelly, County of London- 
derry, Ireland — see coat of arms of Col. Joseph Holmes, in **Book of 

The wife of Dr. McGuire is the daughter of Hon. Alexander Hugh 
Holmes Stuart of Staunton, and Frances Stuart, nee Baldwin. She was 
bom in Staunton in 1844. 

The service of Dr. McGuire and his immediate relatives in the late war 
was as follows : He entered the Confederate army a« a private in Com- 
pany F, 2d Virginia regiment; in 1861 was made " Medical Director of 
the ** Army of the Shenandoah;-' later <* Brigade Surgeon Stonewall 
Brigade;'' then ** Medical Director Stonewall Jackson's Army of the 
Valley;" later ** Medical Director 2d Corps, Army of Northern Virginia;" 
serving successively under Jackson, Ewell, Early and Gordon. His 
father served as surgeon from 1861 to 1865. Hugh Holmes McGuire, 
jr., his brother, was captain of cavalry, Rosser's brigade; wounded at 
Amelia Springs ; died of wounds a few days later. Another brother. Dr. 
W. P. McGuire, was a private in the Stuart Horse Artillery; served 
till close of war; was wounded, captured, and held a prisoner at Point 
Lookout many months ; living now in Winchester. Edward McGuire, 
another brother, was a lieutenant in the Confederate States Navy. 

The following are the titles that have been conferred on Dr. Hunter 
Holmes McGuire, and the offices he has held: M. D. 1855, Winchester 
Medical College, Winchester: M. D. 1859, Virginia Medical College, 
Richmond; LL. D. 1887, University of North Carolina; LL. D. 1888, 
Jefferson Medical College, Pennsylvania ; Associate Fellow, College of 
Physicians, Philadelphia, 1887 j Hon. Fellow, Virginia Medical Society; 
Hon. Fellow, North Carolina Medical Society; Hon. Fellow I). Haynes 
Agnew Surgical Society, Philadelphia; professor of Anatomy, Win- 
chester (Virginia) Medical College, 1855-58; professor of Surgery, Vir- 
ginia Medical College, 1865—78; emeritus professor Surgery, 1880; 
president Richmond Academy of Medicine, 1869; president Virginia 
Mediwil Society, 1880; president Association of Medical Officers of Con- 
federate States Army and Navy, 1875 ; president American Surgical 
Association, 1886; president Southern Surgical and Gynecol ogi(;al 
Association, 1889: vice-president American Medical Association, 1881 ; 
vice-president International Medical Congress (Philadelphia) 1876; 
Surgeon St. Luke's Hospital, Riclnnond, from 188.*^, still serving in 
tliis position. 



Mahhie Cheshire. The family of Maesie, settled at Coddington county, 
Cheshire, in conse<|uenee of the marriage of Hugh Massie with A^es, 
daughter and heiress of Nicholas Bold, and his son William by the said 
Agiu*s purchased with other manors that of Coddington in the reign of 
Henry, VI. This William married Alice, daughter and heiress of Adam 
Woton, of Edgerly, and the family subsequently intermarried with that 
of Grosvenor, of Katon. The celebnited General Massie so distinguished 
during the Civil Wars, was the son of John Massie, of Coddington, by 
Anne Grosvenor, of Eaton. The present representative is the Rev. 
Richard Massie, of Coddington. Anns.— Quarterly gu. and or — in the 
1st & 4th (juart^^rs three fieurs de-lis ar, for difference a (^anton ar. 
Crest — A demi-pegasus with wingn displayed quarterly or. and gu. 
Massie Quarterly az and ar. on the 1st and 4th a millet. Or. Crest— A 
horned Owl ppr. Massie Ar a pile, quarterly gu. and or: in the field 
quarter a lion pass, off the field. Ci*est — Between two trees a lion sali- 
ent ar.— [Encyclopedia of Heraldry of England, Scotland and Ireland, 
by John Burke.] 

The first representatives of the family in America were Major Thomas 
Massie and William, his brother, who settled in New Kent county, in 
the Colony of Virginia. Thence Major Thomas Massie moved to Fred- 
erick county, and afterwards settled in Nelson county, where he owned 
large estates on Tye river and about the head waters of Rockfish 
river. For his services in the War of the Revolution he received a grant 
from the Government of valuable lands in Scioto Valley, Ohio, near the 
present city of Chillicothe. He married Sally Cocke, and spent the re- 
nmining years of his life in retirement at his seat, known as "Level 
Green," in Nelson county. The issue of this marriage were three sons: 
Thomas, William and Henry. 

Dr. Thomas Massie, the eldest son, married [1] Lucy Waller, by whom 
he had two sons ; [i] Waller, [ii] Patrick; and two daughters, one of 

whomnmrried Boyd, and the other of whom married Wm. 0. 

(loode. His second wife was [2] Sally Cabell ; by whom he had one son, 
Paul. Waller Mawsie, eldest son of Dr. Thos. Massie, married Mary 
James of Chillicothe, Ohio, by whom he had issue: [1] Gertrude Waller 
Miissie, [2] Thomas Massie, nM'cntly (h^-eased without issue. Patrick 
Massie, second son of Dr. Thomas Massie, nmrried Susan Withers, by 
whom he had issue.: [1] Robert, [2] Patrick C, [3] Thomas, [4] Thorn- 
ton, [5] Withers, [0] , [7J Susan. 

William Massie, st*cond son of Major Thonui« Massie, wa« married — 
times. His eldest son was Col. Thos. J. Massie, of Nelson, lately 
de<»ea8ed without issue. His daughter, Florence, married [1] 


Tunstall, son of Whitmell P. Tunstall, [2] Judge Jno. D. Horsley, 
of Nelson. 

Henry Mai^sie, of Falling Springs Valley, Alleghany county, Virginin , 
third son of Major Thomas Massie, married [1] Susan Preston I^ewis, 
October 22nd, 1810, daughter of John Lewis of the Sweet Springs, aii<l 
Mary Preston, daughter of Capt. William Preston of Smithfield, Mont- 
gomery county; [2] Elizabeth Daggs, May 18th, 1826, the daughter of 
Hezekiah and Margaret. The issue of said Henry Massie by his first 
wife, Susan Preston Lewis, were: [1] Sarah Cocke, who married Rev. 
Franck Stanley and died without issue on March 30, 1879. [2] Mary 
Preston, born September 26, 1813, married John Hampden Pleasants, 
December 15, 1829, and died April 18, 1837, leaving issue: [i] James 
Pleasants; [ii] Ann Eliza, who married Douglas H. Gordon; [iiiJMary 
l^ewis, who died in infancy. [3] Henry Massie, Jr. [4] Eugenia S., 
bom February 19, 1819, mamed Samuel Gatewood, and died October, 
1884. leaving issue. [5] Thomas Eugene Massie. [6] Susan I^wis, 
who died in infancy. Said Henry Massie died in January, 1841 ; and 
Susan Preston, his wife, died November 22, 1825, in the thirty-third 
year of her age. Said Henry Massie had by his sei'ond wife, Elizabeth, 
one son, Hezekiah, now living in Falling Spring Valley on his paternal 

Henry Massie, jr., oldest son of Henry Massie and Susan Preston Lewis, 
was born July 4, 1816, married Susan Ehzabeth Smith, March 23, 

1841, daughter of Thos. B. Smith of Savannah, Georgia, and Caroline 
Sophia Rebecca Thomson, his wife, who was the daughter of William 
Russell Thomson, of Charleston, South Carolina, who was the son of 
Col. Wm. R. Thomson, born 1729, died 1796, who was the son of Wil- 
liam Thomson (of the family of James Thomson, the English poet), 
and the founder of the family in America. The issue of said Henry 
Massie, jr., and his wife Susan, who was born February 5th, 1822, an<l 
died November 25th, 1887, were : [1] Henry Lewis Massie, bom May 12, 

1842, died October 5, 1887, unmarried. [2] Caroline Thom.son, born 
December 16, 1845, and married November 8, 1865, to James Pleasants. 
[3] Lulie, born June 15, 1849, died May 7, 1878. [4] Thomas Smith 
Massie, bom August 15, 1850, died Sept. 17, 1863. [5] William Rus- 
sell Massie, born February 24, 1852, now living in Richmond, Virginia. 
[6] Susan Elizabeth, born February 2, 1855, died January 10,1 869. [7] 
Charles Philip Massie, born November 15, 1857, died October 31,1863. 
[8] Eugene Carter Massie, born May 27, 1861, now practising law in 
Richmond, Virginia. 

Dr. Thomas Eugene Massie, second son of Henry Massie and Susan 
Preston Lewis, was born April 22, 1822, married in 1858 Mary James 
Massie, the widow of Waller Massie, and died in 1863, leaving issue: 


[1] Frank Aubrey Massie, now practising law in Charlottesville, Vir- 
ginia. [2] Eugenia Massie, who married Oscar Underwood of Ken- 
tucky, now living in Birmingham, Alabama. [M] Juanitii Mansie. 


The subject of this skeU'h was born in Norfolk, Virginia, on March 6, 
1840. He is a son of Gotleib Mayer, who was bom in Wurtenburg, 
(jermany, was brought to Pennsylvania when about twelve months old, 
and to Norfolk, Virginia, at the age of twelve years. On December 10, 
1H;J8, Gotleib Mayer married at Norfolk, Louisa Jane Henry, who was 
born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and died at Norfolk, August 20, 

1806. His death occurred in Richmond City, on October 19, 1875. 
John F. was educated at the Military Academy, Norfolk, and began 

business as clerk with his father, jewelry business, 1852-54 ; in 1854 was 
(;lerk to R. S. Bernard, druggist; 1859-01 with the Adams Express Com- 
pany. He entered the Conifederate service first in the " Norfolk Juniors," 
and was discharged on account of government business. He volun- 
teered a second time in the Signal Corps, and was again discharged. 
From that time until the close of the war he was in service in the adjutant 
and inspector-general's office, Richmond, under Major Ed. A. Palfi*ey. 
In Septeml)er, 1805, he entered the service of the Old Dominion Steam- 
ship Company, and is still in their employ. 

Frances A., first wife of Mr. Mayer, whom he married April 15, 1802, 
died in Richmond, May 8, 1884. They had seven children : William G., 
Mary Love (deceased), John H., Thomas W., Frank P., George N. and 
Rosa C. In Richmond he married, secondly, Kate M. Sinton, and twin 
children were born to them, one dead at birth, the other, Fred. S., dying 
January 29, 1889. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mayer are members of the old St. Johns Episcopal 
church. He is also a Mason, both of the York and Scottish Rites, an<l 
Inspector-Cieneral in Virginia for the A. & A. S. R., Southern Jurisdic- 
tion of the Unit-ed States. 


Was born in Norfolk county, Virginia, on Septeml)er 4, 1838,the son of 
William V. Montague, and Mary Barrack, his wife. William V. Mon- 
tague wa« l)orn in Middlesex county, Virginia, the son of William and 
Mary Montague, and died in 1805, aged sixty-eight years. His wife 
was a daughter of William and Eliza Barrack of Middlesex county, and 
died in 1840, aged thirty-six years. At Norfolk, Virginia, Noveml)er 20. 

1807, J. Judson Montague manned Kate S. Warren, who was bom in 
Northampton county, Virginia, the daughter of Thomas P. Warren, 


now of Norfolk. Her mother, whose maiden name was Eliza Henderson, 
died in 1884, aged sixty years. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Montague 
are two living, Kate and Carroll H., and four deeejised, Maude, Warren, 
Percy and Roy. 

Mr. Montague i^eeeived an academic education in Norfolk, then studi(Ml 
architecture a nd applied mechanics in Eastern Pennsylvania. He served 
through the civil war, a private in Company B, 19th Virginia Artillery ; 
was captured near Richmond, April 3, 1865, and held at Richmond 
until paroled April 15, 1865. He returned to Richmond in June, 1865, 
and went into business with Tanner & Ehbets one year, bought them 
out in 1867, and has continued the business to the present day, manu- 
facturer of sash, doors, etc. and dealer in lumber. For ten years he has 
been president of the Meherin Lumber Company ; is vice-president of the 
Richmond Locomotive and Machine Works ; president pro tem. of the 
Planters National Bank; vice-president of the Mechanics Institut^^; 
president of the North Birmingham Building Association. 


The name and family of Montague was prominent and distinguished 
in Normandy as early as 1024, as is evidenced by the mountains, castles, 
fortresses, and towns bearing their name. 

Drogo de Montague was born in 1040, and became the trusted com- 
panion, follower, and intimate friend of Robert, Earl of Moriton, the 
favorite brother of William, Duke of Normandy, accompanying his 
expedition against England. After the conquest, William rewarded 
him with large grants of land, thus establishing the family in England. 
Drogo de Montague bore the kite shaped shield of the Norman invaders; 
its color is cerulian blue, and upon it is the full length Griffin segreant 
(rampant with wings spread), and painted a bright golden hue. This 
was the original Montague coat of arms in England. 

The subject of this sketch is descended from Peter Montague of that 
family, who came from Boveney, Parish of Bumham, Buckinghamshire, 
England, in 1621. He settled in Virginia, and entered lands in the 
counties of New Norfolk, Nansemond, Middlesex and Essex. Peter Mon- 
tague became rich, a large land holder, and a man of prominence in the 
colony. He was a member of the Assembly (House of Burgesses) 1 651- 
1658 from Lancaster county, Virginia. 

He left two sons, William and Peter Montague who lived on their 
handsome estates in Middlesex, known as << Montague Island,'' two 
hundred years ago. From them are descended a countless progeny, 
generally independent planters, remarkable for their amiability of dis- 
position, high sense of honor, strict integrity, and generous hospitality. 


and it may l)e added, as a distinguished nieml>erof the family was wont 
to Hay, ** also for their strict virtue and personal l)eauty of the femalpH." 
Tliese general charaeteristicH are still preserved in the family to a con- 
siderable extent. 

Mkuedith Fox, son of John H. and Melinda Montague, wai4 born in 
Uichmond City, on August *i, 185(5. He was educated in Richmond, 
and at the Episcopal High School, near Alexandria, Virginia. At the 
\\^<^ of eighteen years he entered business, and has continued in merenn- 
tile life ever since, now Secretary of Virginia Paper Company, of which 
his father is PnM3ident. He manned in Richmond, on January 3, 1884, 
Miss Emily Triplett, of Richmond, and their children are four: Nannie 
Jenifer Triplett, William Triplett, Meredith, and Linda Meredith. 

John H. Montague, father of the subject of this sketch, was born in 
Buckingham county, Virginia, living now in Richmond, son of Henry 
H. Montague of Richmond, who was son of Henry, who was son of 
Robert Montague. The mother of Mr. Montague is Melinda, daughter 
of Dr. Meredith Fox, of <' Green Springs,*' Louisa county, Virginia, who 
was a son of John Fox. 


Is a member of the law firm of Slater k Montague, of Richmond City. 
He was born at (llenanburn, (iloucester county, Virginia, on l)ec*ember 
20, 18(>(); in early life attended schools in Gloucester, Mathews and 
Middlesex counties, Virginia; later attended a preparatory school in 
Albemarle countv, and in 1887 took the law course at the Universitv 
of Virginia. He was admitted to the Bar on January 18, 1888, has 
been practicing in Richmond since that date, and in paiiinerdhip with PI 
Beverly Slater since October 1,1888. He is a member of the Second 
Baptist church of Richmond, and is sectretary of the Richmon<l Light 
Infantry Blues Associatiim. 

His father, Thomaw l^all Montjigue, jr., born in Gloucester county, 
Virginia, nov deceased, was a son of Capt. Thomas Ball Montag-ue, sr., 
who died .in Essex county, Virginia, a son of William Mont^igue of Essex 
county, who was a son of John Montague, who was a son of Peter Mon- 
tague, who came to Virginia from England, and settled in Lancaster 
county, on the 22d day of August, 1084. His grave may now be seen 
in Lancaster county, where he died at an advanced age. 

The mother of Thomas Hill Mcmtjigue, now living in Richmond, is 
Josephine Tabitha, wee Hill, her father a resident of New Kent county; 
his maternal grandmother was Tabitha Christian; his maternal great 
grandmother, Elizabeth (irtives. 



Appointed superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary in December, 
1885, and still holding that position, was bom in Cuml)erland county, 
Virginia, on April 11, 1836. He attended a private school in Appo- 
mattox county, and then began farming which he has followed to date. 
He settled in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, married in that county, on 
January 7, 1866, was six years a justice of the peace in that county, 
and four years member of the district school board. He entered the 
(Confederate States army as a private in Company K, 14th Tennessee 
Infantry; was wounded at Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862; was 
taken prisoner at Gettysburg, and held at Fort Delaware twenty-two 
months, then paroled. 

Joseph M. Moses, father of William W., son of Peter Moses, of Eng- 
land, was bom in Appomattox county, and died in 1879, aged sixty- 
five years. The mother of William W., Paulina J. Martin, born in 
Prince Edward county, died July 10, 1858. His wife, born in Pittsyl- 
vania county, is Fannie W., daughter of Jeremiah W. Graves, who 
died in 1882, and Catharine (Baxley) Graves, also now deceased. Mr. 
and Mi's. Moses have three children, Wm. W., jr.. Graves M., Kate O., 
and have buried two, Dula W., died July, 1873, aged one year; Joseph 
M., died February, 1878, aged ten months. Mr. Moses and wife are 
members of the Second Baptist Church of Richmond. 


Was bom in Powhatan county, Virginia, on April 7, 189^5, and was 
educated at the Wigwam Academy, Amelia county, Virginia, and at the 
University of Virginia. At the age of twenty years, in 1855, he began the 
practice of law in Powhatan county, and in the same year settled in 
Manchester, Virginia. In the fall of 1860 he was elected to the Virginia 
Senate, to fill unexpired term, and was three times elected senator in 
the then eighth senatorial district, composed of the counties of Chester- 
field, Powhatan and Cumberland. 

He was in field service during the war between the States, captain 
Company B, 41st Virginia Infantry, in Mahone's brigade, Anderson's 
division. Army of Northern Virginia ; was appointed A. A. G. of Mahone's 
brigade. He took part in the battle of the Wilderness, and all the 
battles of the campaign of 1864, including the Crater and 
other engagements. In January 1865, he resigned from the 
army to resume his seat in the Senate. He left Bichmond, with 
other members of the Virginia legislatyre, on the night of April 
2d, 18()5, and returned to the city on May 16th. Since that 
time he has been engaged in the practice of the law in Bichmondj Vir- 


ginia. During the years 1886—87 he was commonwealth attorney for 
the county of Chesterfield, by appointment of the county court of that 
county, although he resided in the city of Richmond, which office he 
held until the general election for county officers of that county. Not 
l)eing eligible to the office by election, he was not a candidate. Major 
Nash is a Mason, member of Temple Lodge, No. 9, Richmond. 

His father was Judge John W. Nash, bom in Fauquier county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1794, died in Powhatan county in 1859. Judge Nash was a 
member of the Virginia Senate sixteen years, and president of the same 
when that body elected its president. He was made Judge of the second 
judicial circuit in 1848 ; was assigned a member of the special court of 
appeals when that court was in existence, and was the Judge of the 
second judicial circuit at the time of his death. He was a son of Travis 
Nash of Fau(iuier county, Virginia, and Eleanor W. Nash, nee White. 
The Nash family is of English extraction. 

The mother of Major Nash, who died in 1835, was Elizabeth, daughter 
of Benjamin Hntcher, who was the first president of the Farmers Bank 
of Virginia at Richmond. 

In Petersburg, Virginia, January 27, 1869, Major Nash married Miss 
Mattie M. Freeman, daughter of E. A. and Martha S. Freeman. Her 
mother was a daughter of Robert Boiling of Petersburg, Virginia, 
and a lineal descendant of the original Robert Boiling, who first married 
the descendant of the Indian Princess Pocahontas, and secondly married 
Martha Steeth, from whom Mrs. Nash's ancestors are descended. 


Was bom in Manchester, Virginia, on February 14, 1854, the son of 
Benjamin P. and Mary S. Owen, still residents of Manchester. His 
mother was a daughter of H. B. Walker, now deceased. His father 
was born in Mathews county, Virginia. His wife, whom he married in 
Manchester, Octol)er 31, 1881, was bom in Dinwiddle county, Virgim'a, 
Lucia Brodnax. Their children were born in the order named : Cor- 
nelia, Mary Walker, Lucia Brodnax, Margaret. The second daughter 
died July 19, 1885. 

Mr. Owen was educated in Richmond, and began business in 1868, 
clerk with E. T. Pilkinton, tobacco manufacturer. In 1870-71 he 
managed a tobacco factory for Webb & Roulhac, at Hillsboro, North 
Carolina ; bought tobacco on his own account at Hillsboro and Durham 
in 1871-72, and in 1872 kept books for Conrad & Shelbum, Richmond. 
In 1873 he kept books for F. W. Peckrell & Co.; in 1875 went to live 
with B. P. Owen his father, and staid with the firm of B. P. Owen & Co., 
and with their successors, until the formation of the firm of H. B. 


Owen & Co., of which J. B. Moor^ was partner. In March, 1880, Mr. 
Owen connected himself with W. J. Whitehurst, forming the firm of 
which he is still a member, Whitehurst & Owen, manufacturers of sash, 
doors, etc., with factory on 12th street, between Canal and Byrd, and 
in January, 1883, removed to new factory, comer Byi'd and 10th 

Mr. Owen is a Mason; P. M. in Manchester Lodge, No. 14; P. H. P. 
Manchester Chapter No. 48 ; Cap.-Gten'l in Richmond Commandery No. 
2 ; Lecturer for District No. 2. 


The subject of this sketch was bom in Caroline county, Virginia, on 
March 15, 1826. His coU^ate education was received at Richmond 
College, and he was graduated in medicine at the Richmond Medical 
College. Until 1850 he practiced in Goochland county, then came to 
Richmond and engaged in the manufacture of tobacco until the war. 
In 1864-5 he was surgeon of the 56th Virginia Infantry, C. 8. A. From 
the close of the war until 1869 he was farming in Henrico county, and 
since that year has been engaged again in the tobacco business, tlie firm 
known first as R. A. Patterson & Co., and changed to the R. A. Patter- 
son Tobacco Co. , a stock concern. Dr. Patterson was four years director 
of the Virginia Penitentiary ; has been supervisor of Henrico county 
for the last six years ; has been president of the Richmond Tobacco 
Exchange since July, 1888 ; and is a member of the Virginia Exposition 
Executive committee of Richmond. 

Thomas Patterson, born in King William county, died in 1884, was 
the father of Dr. Patterson, and his mother, who died in 1878, was 
Susan G., daughter of James and Ehzabeth (Andrews) Thomas, of 
Caroline county. The first wife of Dr. Patterson was Margaret L. 
Courtney, bom in King and Queen county, Virginia, wliom he married 
near Richmond, May 13, 1851, and who died in 1866. Their children 
were bom in the order named: R. Fuller, Archer W., James T. and 
Malvern C. Secondly, in November, 1868, Dr. Patterson married Bettie 
A. DuVal, bom near Richmond. They were married at Madison, Florida, 
and have two children : Elizabeth G. and Warren P. 


Is a son of Robert Baker Pegram, now of Norfolk, Virginia, bom in 
Dinwiddie county, Virginia, December 10th, 1810. Robert B. Pegram 
married Lucy Cargill, now deceased, who was bom in Sussex county, 
Virginia, daughter of Hon. Jno. Cargill, of "Invermay." Their son 
Jas. W. was born in Sussex county, Virginia, February 11th, 1843 ; in 


February, 1860, was appointed to the U. S. Naval Academy ; entire*] 
the Confederate Statee Navy in 1861, and served in the same until tin* 
dose of the war. In 1867 he married Eliza Waller Blacknnll, daughter 
of Doctor George Blacknall, formerly of the United States Navy, now de- 
ceased, and Emma Blacknall, nee Blow, daughter of (leorgeBlow, Esq., 
deceased, of Tower Hill, Sussex county, Virginia. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pegrom have two sons, George Blacknall and Roliert 
Baker, and three daughters, Lucy C, Emma and Eliza Waller. 

Mr. Pegram holds the office of Se<'retary of ** The Life Insurance Com- 
pany of Vii-ginia.'' 


Rev. John J. Royall, born in Lynchburg, Virginia, married Anna K., 
daughter of George Keith and Jane Taylor. Mrs. Royall died in 1886, 
and Mr. Royall in 1858. They were the parents of the subject of this 
sketch, who was bom in Fauquier county, Virginia, on November 15, 
1844. Sir John Falstaff said : ** If I know what the inside of a church 
is made of I am a p)epper-com,- ' which Mr. Royall quotes, speaking of 
his never having seen the inside of a school-house. His early education 
wo« imparted by his grandmother, who was a sister of Chief Justice 
Marshall, and by his mother. 

In March, 1862, then little more than seventeen years of age, he en- 
listed as a private soldier, taking part in all the great battles of the 
Army of Northern Virginia until wounded and made prisoner in March, 
1864, remaining a prisoner from that time until the close of the war. 
After the war he read law under Wm. Green in Richmond, was duly ad- 
mitted to the Bar, and has ever since been practicing law in Richmond, 
except from 1880 to 1884 during which time he resided in and practiced 
law in New York City. In Richmond, January 5, 1887, he married 
Judith Page Aylett, and they have one child, Page Aylett Royall. Mr, 
Royall's wife was horn in Richmond, the daughter of Patrick Henry 
Aylett, who died in 1869. Her mother was also of an eminent Virgin- 
ian family; her maiden name Emily Rutherfoord. 


Matthew Shields, of Gloucester county, Virginia, was the father of 
James W. Shields